Image provided by: Oregon City Public Library; Oregon City, OR
About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View This Issue
HIE OREGON AHGUS,
.,; sisumiso svsav amauAr nosnixo,
BY WILLIAM L. ADAMS.
Oflice-Oood'i Building, Main st. EJito
' rial Room in first story,
TERMS Tka A qui will bi fitrniaked at
1 urea vauara ana rijlf Venta per annum,
ta await auhterilieraTkrea Dullart
taek la eluhi of ten at ant oJHee.
I3f" Ta Valloraor lit mautktNa tulaerip
Hum recantd fur a leu period.
flf N paper diieontinued until all arrrarapee
. art paia. uniui at the aptun aj ike pumxaher.
Letter free Oregon.
following Idler is from the pea of Mrs.
Ttbilhk liiown, to her brother, Mr. Chester Mi
fall, at Clsrldon, Ceaug Co., Ohio. The writer
wu 60 years of age wliea eht emigrated fram Mia-
' FotaTCaov,WAfUiiPTOii CoO.T.,
I : August, 1854. j
i It U impossible fur me to express
to you the uuspeakable pleasure mid bnppi
ties your letter of the 20th of June gave
me. Not hearing from you for ao great e
length of lime, I had concludod uiyaelf to
be the last of my father's family remaining
here, pilgrim in the wide world, to com
plelo the work tbtt God intended for me to
do. V Oh, thai I could be preieut with you,
nnd roUto in the bearing of your children
the numerous vicissitude and danger I
have encountered by Imid and by sea sinco
- I lost parted with you and M in Brim
field. It would fill a volume of many
pages. But I will givo you a few item
jjrom tho time I led Missouri in Agril, 1 810,
for Oregon. I exported all of my children
to accompany mo, but Matitliano was de
tained by sickness, and his wife waa un
willing to leave her. parents. I provided
for myself a good ox-wagon team, and a
good supply of what was requisite for the
comfort of myself, Capt. Brown, and my
driver. Uncle John insisted upon coming,
and crossed the plains on horseback. Orris
Brown, with his wife and eight children,
Virgil K. Pringle, P. Brown's husband and
five children, fitted out thitlr separate fam
ilies, and joined a trniu of forty more for
Oregon, in high expectations of gaining the
wished-for land of promise.
The novelty of our journey, with a few
exceptions, was plensitg and prosperous
until after we passed Ft. llall; then we
vera within 800 miles of Oregon City.
If we had kopt the old road down the Co
lumbia River, all would have gone well ;
but three or four trains of immigrants
were decoyed off by a rascally fellow who
came out from the settlements in Oregon,
assuring ns that he hud found a near cut
off, and that if we would follow him we
wou'd ho in the settlements lung before
tli'Vio that had gone down the Columbia.
This was in August. The Idea of shorten
ing a long journey, caused us to yield to
his advice. Our sufferings from that time
no longu" can toll, lie left a pilot with
us who proved to be nii excellent man, oth
erwise we uever would have seen Oregon,
lis said that he Would clear the road be.
for us that we should have no trouble in
rolling our wagons after him. He robbed
us of what he could by lying, and left us to
(he depredations of Indians, wild beasts,
and starvation, tin! Owl was with us.
- We had sixty miles desert without grass
or water, mountains to climb, cattle giving
out, wagons breaking, immigrants sick and
dying, hostile Indians to guard against by
night and by day to keep from being killed,
or having our horses and cattle arrowed
or stolen. We were carried south of Or
egon hundreds of miles into Utah Territo
ry and California, full in with the Karnnth
and Rogue River Indians, lost nearly all
our cattle, passed the Umpqua mountains
13 miles through. I rode through at the
risk of my life, on horseback,, having lost
my wagon and all I had-but the horse I
was on'. Our family was the first thai
started into ihe ravine, so we got through
the mud and rocks much better than those
that came in after. Out of hundreds of
wagons but one camn through without
breaking. The ravine was strewn willi
dead cattle, broken wagons, beds, clothing,
and every thing but provisions, of which
we were nearly all destitute. Some peo
ple were in the'ravine two(and three week"
before they could get through. Some died
-without any warning, from fatigue and
starvation. Others ate of the flesh of the
cattle' that were lying dead by the wayside.
After struggling through mud, rocks,
and water up to our horses' sides much ol
the way in crossing this twelve mile moun
tain', on the third day we opened into the
'beautiful Umpqua valley, inhabited only
by Indians and wild beasts. We had still
another mountain to cross, the cattle poor,
'and many miles to travel through mud,
enow, hail, and rain. Winter bad set in j
we were yet a long distance from any
white settlement. The word was, "Fly,
every one, from itarvation! all who are
'not compelled to stay by the cattle to re
cruit them for farther traveling." Mr.
Pringle aud Pherne insisted on my going
Ahead with their uncle John, and try to
save onr own lives. They were obliged lo
stay back a few days lo recruit their few
. worn out cattle. They divided the last bit
of bacon, of which 1 had three slices, n
tea-cup of tea, the last division of all we
tad. (So bread!) We saddled our horse
and set off,.not knowing that we should
ever see each other again. Captain Bcown
was loo old and feeble to render any assist
ance or protection tome. 1 was obliged
to ride ahead as a pilot, hoping to overtake
. four or five wagcaa that left camp the day
before. Xear sunset, came up with two
fru;!:e "bo fc? I k cwp t'.-it try'n?.
-A Weekly Newspaper, devoted to the Principles of Jeflersonitin
They had nothinz to eat, and their cattle
enfcut. We ail camped in an oak
grove logether for the uiuhU , In the morn
ing I divided my last morsel with them, to
tuke care for themselves, I hurried Capt.
Brown to ri Jo fast ao as to overtake the
threo wagons ahead. We passed through
beautiful valley and over high mountains,
aaw but two Indians at a distance through
. In the after part of the day Capt. Brown
complained of sickness, and could only
walk hi horse at a distance behind me.
He had a swimming in his head, and a
pain in his side. About two or three hur
before sundown he became delirious and fell
from hi horse. I waa afraid to jump
down from my horse to assist him, as it
was one that a woman had never rode be
fore. He tried to raiso upon his feet, but
could not. 1 rodo close to him, and set
the end of his lignum vitic cano, that I had
in my hand, hard into the ground by him,
to pull up by. I then urged him to walk
a little. He tot'ered along a few yard
and gave out. I then saw a little sunken
spot a few steps from me, and led his horse
down into it, and with much difficulty got
him once more raised on his horse. I then
requested him to hold fast by the saddle
and horse's mane, aud I would lead by the
bridle. Two miles ahead was another
mountain to climb over. As we reached
tho foot of it he was able to take the bridle
in his own hand, and we passed over safely
into a large valley a wide, extensive, soli
ttry place, nnd no wagons in sight. Tho
sun was now setting. The wind was blow
ing, and tho rain was drifting upon the
sides of .the distant mountains. Poor me !
We crossed the plain to where three moun
tain spurs met, with ravines meandering
betwixt the points. Here, the shades of
night were gathering fast, and I could see
the wagon track no further. I alighted
from my horse, flung off my saddle and
saddle bags, nnd tied him fast with a rope
to a tree. The Captain asked what I was
going io do. My answer was, ''! am going
to camp for tho niulit !' lie gave a groan
and full to the ground. I gathered my
wagon sheet which I had put under my
saddle, flung it over a fine projecting limb
of a tree, and made me a fine lent. I then
stripped the Captain's horse and lied him,
placing saddles and bridles, blankets, Ac,
under the tent, then helped up the bewil-
lered old gentleman and introduced him to
his n.iW lodgings upon ' ho naked ground.
His senses were gone. I covered him as
well as I could with blankets, and sca'ed
myself upon my feet behind him, expect
ing he would be a corpse before morning.
Pause for a moment, and consider my sit
uation. Worse than alone in a aavaue
wilderness without food or fire cold and
shivering wolves fighing and howling all
around me the darkness of night forbid,
ding the stars to shine. Solitary 1 all wax
solitary as death 1 But that same kind
Providence that ever has been, was watch
ing over me still, t committed my all to
him and felt no fear.
As soon as light had dawned I pulled
down our tent, saddled the horses, and
found )he captain able to stand on his feet.
Half mile ahead were the wag
ons, we were soon mere, ano partoos
plentifully of fresh venison.
Fresh trucks of two Indians were plain
ly io be seen within eight or ten feet "f
where my tent was set, but I did not know
that they were there. They killed anil
rubbed a Mr. Ne wton but a short distance
off, but would not kill his wife because she
was a woman. The Indian killed one oth
er man on our cut off. The rpst of the iin
migrants escaped with their lives.
We then traveled on, and in a few days
came to the foot of the Callapgpia Moun
tain. Here we were obliged to wait for
more immigrants lo help cut a road
hrou"h. Here my children and grand
children came up with us a joyful meet
ing! They had been nearly starving. Mr.
Pringle tried to shoot a wolf ; but he wa
loo weak and trembling to bold his rifle
steady. They all cried because they had
nothing to eat. Just then their son came
lo them with a supply, and then they all
Winter set in. We were many days in
crossing the Callapooia mountain, having
to go ahead only a mile or two each day.'
The road had to be cut and opened for us,
and the mountain was covered with snow.
With much difficulty we crossed over to
the head waters of the Willamette. We
followed the river down a few days, and
gave up the idea of reaching the settlements
until spring returned. Provisions cave out
Mr. Pringle set off on. horseback for the
settlements for reljef, not knowing how
long be was to he gone, or whether he
would get through at all. In a weak or so
our scanty provisions gave out. We were
again in a state of starvation. Much cry
ing and many tear were shed during th
day by all but one. She had pasted through
many trials, sufficient lo convince her that
Vim rou!dar3;! ro'.hTij tc oar ix'.reavfy."
Through all my sufferings crossing the
plain not onoe did I seek relief by the shed
ding of tears nor think I should not live to
see the settlements. The same faith and
hope that 1 had ever in I he blessing of
kind Providence, strengthened io propor
tion to the trial I had to encounter. Mr
Pringle's eldest ton, Clatk. shot down one
of his father' best work oxen, and dressed
it. I must now digress a little.
In the year '13 Orus Brown came lo Or
egon to look at the country. In '45 he
returned. When. within four or five hun
dred miles of the United State frontier, he
and the three men with him were taken by
he Pawnee Indians aud robbed. They
made their escape, aud subsisted on thorns
and ros 'buds until they reached the frontier
settlements. Very likely you saw the pub
lication of Dr. White, O. Brown, Chapman,
and one other, taken by the Pawnees iu
1845. Id '40, when we all started for
Oregon, Osu Browo was appointed pilot,
having crossed the plains twice before.
II is company was six days a head of ours
he went down on the old immigrant route
and reached the setllemcnts-in September,
In six or eight weeks after, he beard of the
immigrants at the south. Uo set ofTin
haste with four pack horses and provisions
for our relief. lie met Mr. Pringle aud
turned him about. A few days aud nights
aud they were at our camp. We had all
retired to ret in our tents, hoping to for
get our troubles until daylight should re
mind us of our sad fate. In tho gloomy
stillness of the night footsteps of horses
were heard rushing to our tent, and directly
a halloo I It wot the well known voice of
O. Brown and V. Pringle. Who can real-
ize our joy 1 Orus, by his persuasion and
purse vera nee, encouraged us to one more
e Tort to reach the settlements.
Five milos from where we were camped
fell in with a company of half-breed French
and Indians with pack-horses. We hired
six of them and pushed ahead. Our pro
Visions once more becamo short, and we
were puton allowance until we reached the
first settlers. Then our hardest struggles
On Christmas day, at 2 o'clock P. M. I
entered the house of a Methodist minister,
the first I -bad set my feet in for nine
months.' Ho requested me to tako the
whole charge of his house and family thro'
the winter. My services compensated for
my own board and Captain Brown's thro'
For two or three weeks of my journey
down ihe Willamette had something in
my glove finger which I supposed to be a
button. On examination at my new home
in Salem, I found it lo be a d cent piece.
This was the whole of my eaih capital wiih
which lo commence business in Oregon.
With this I purchased three needles tra
ded off some of my old clolhn to the squaws
for buckskins worked them into gloves
for the Oregon ladies and gentlemen, which
cleared me upwards of $30,00, extra of
In May '47 I left Salem, which is now
our seat of Government, for Oregon City,
3H miles down the Willamette, in an open
boat, in company with my Methodist min
ister and family j from thence down the
Columbia river to the Pacific Ocean. Here
I spent the winter at Clatsop Plains a set
tlement south of ihe Bay? All this time
there were hut ten families residing there
I boarded with a Mr. Gray and lady, mis
sionaries from Rallstown, New York a
very genteel family, and spent the sum
mer in visiting and bathing in the otean.
Thesnrf of two ocean (Atlantic and Pa
cific) has rolled over me.
In October I started in an open boat up
the river for .Salem. Wind and tide against
us, we were thirteen days reaching Oregon
city. Here I was within 30 mile of
Tualatin Plains Orus Brown's location.
It would not do for a mother to pass by.
I luckily found a man, witn an empty wag
on, going out, who lived neighbor to Orus.
I gave two dollars for my passage, calculat
ing tospend two weeksonly with Orus and
family, and reach Salem before the winter
rains set in. Went to a P-esbyterian meet
ing on Sunday. After meeting Orus gave
mean introduction to Mrs. and Mr. Clark,
missionaries from New York, who came
here in 1840. They invited me home
with them to spend few day. Winter
set in, and they pressed me hard lo stay
until spring. I accepted their invitation,
and our intimacy ever since has been more
like mother and children than strangers.
' In October, 1847, news from ihe suffer
ing immigrants reached us. Much sick
ness and many deal h on the plains, and
many poor orphan children left to an un
feeling world, to be cared for 5y stranger.
I said to Mr. Clark. "Why has Providence
frowned on me and left m poor in this
world I Had he bkssed me with riches, a
he has many others. I know right well
what I would do !"
What would you do I" Was the ques
tion. I cj!J n'Mkh p-ilf in a cccf ir.-
Democracy, and advocating tho
O.T., MAY 1 7, 1 850.
able houe and receive a9 poor children,
and be a mother to them. Ho fixed a k"eii
eye on me, and asked, if I ws tn earnest in
what I had said. "Yes, I am." He said,
"I will try wilh you amines what effort we
can make. Mr. Clark would get an aeenry
and try to gel assistance, and c-slubli.b a
school for the first in the Plain that J
should go into the old log meeting house
and receive all the children, rich and joor,
The parent who were able, were to pay
5,0 per week, including board, tuition,
washing and all. I agreed to labor one
year fur nothing. Mr. Clark aud others
agreed to assist, as fur as they were able,
in furnishing provisions, provided there was
not a sufficiency of cash coming io to sus
tain the poor. The Inst
Saturdny in April found all things prepared
forme logo into tho old meeting houso and
clutk up my chickens the next Monday
morning. The neighbors had collected to.
gcther what broken knives and forks, tin
pans and dishes they could part with, for
the Oregou Pioneer lo commence house
keeping, wilh a well educated lady from
the Must, a missionaries wife, for a teacher.
My family increased rapidly. In the sum
mer they put me up a .boarding houso.
I now had thirty boarders of both sexes,
aud all ages, from five years old to twenty
one. I managed them and did all my work
except washing; that part was done by the
In the spring of '48 wo called for trus
teeshad eight appointed. They voted
me the whole of the boarding house, free of'
rent, for mo lo provide for myself estab
lished the price of board at t'2,00 per week,
and whatever I made beyond my expenses
was my own. In '51 I had forty in my
family at 1 60 per week. Mixed wilh my
own hands 3423 poumlsof flour in less than
Mr. Clark, for the establishment of the
chool, gave over to the Trustees one fourth
section of land for a town plat. It has
been under town incorporation two years.
And at the last suasion a charter was grant
ed in connection with it, fur a University,
to be called Pacific University, wilh a limi
tation of $50,000. The President and
Professors are already here, from Vermont.
The teacher and his lady in the Academy
are from New York.
You must excuse my troubling you with
such a lengthy narrative. I had
no expectation that a single relative, of my
own. would ever know any thing of me
what I had dono where I bad gone or
what had become of me, uutil I received
your letter. You must be your own judges
whether I have been doing good or evil.
I have labored hard for myself and the ris
ing generation ; but have quit hard work
and livo at my case. 1 am independent as
to worldly concerns. Own a very nieely
finished white framed house within a short
distance of the public buildings Inch I
rent for one hundred dollars per year.
Have eight other town lots, without build
hips, worth $150 each. Also eight cows,
and a number of young cattle. I have up
wards of $1,100 cash, due me. Four hun
dred of i: I have donated to the University.
One hundred I gave to the Academy three
Thus much I have accumulated by my
industry and good management, iudepen-
of my children, since 1 drew the sixpence
from the finger of my glove.
The whole of Oregon is delightful, espe
cially the Plains, of which there are many.
But this West Tualatin is the most beatili-
of all others. In a clear view of four or
five mountain peaks, like sugar loves, are
to be seen pointing up to the heavens, cov.
ered with perpetuol snow. . Tbey aro vol
canic, bul have all burnt out in year past,
except St. Helen, which has been on fire
this season. They ate generally from two
and a half to three miles high. This plain
contains I suppose, twenty or thirty sec-
lions of land.' From where the town and
public buildings are situated, a full view of
the whohi is had. The outskirt of the
plain is circled all around with hills at a
few mile distant, covered to their summits
with beautiful fine bunch grass, and fir and
oak timber. Near to the edge the plain is
circled clear around with beautiful fir. trees,
green all the year, and three hundred feet
bi"b. Io front of them, in contrast with
the green, are large spreading oaks, casting
their shadow over the while houses of the
farmers, many of which are in full view.
Grass is green here all winter, and ent
ile get their living without being fed. Snow
seldom lies on the ground more than a few
days. , .
Large improvements extend out into the
plains iu every direction. You niay see,
at all limes, large bauds of cattle, horses
and people passing in every direction.
Morning and evening we have a cool refresh
ing sea breeze. The niLts are cool aud
pleasant. We sleep under as much cloth
ing, almost, in summer as in winter. It i
very seldom that ws have any thunder
storms. And when we do tbey ar very
lij' t scd f or jr io a few trwerts. A
side of Truth in every issue.
drouth wa m-vur known in Oregon.
I wish you con Id see this beautiful heol-
t'y cnintry. VV have po prevalent disea
ses. Mot of the lenl lis nccuring here art
Immluranta whose systems are piviouly
diceetod b- fore lea Ing the testes. It i
iry rare that weln ar uf a child dying who
w as lorn in Oregon.
Every thing in the farming line bus been
very high, and merchandise very low. But
at this lime all is low. Horses last spring
were from $200 to $309. American cous
$100. Last Spring I could hnvo taken
$900 for my eight. Now could not gel
more than $00 per head.
Adieu. TABITHA BROWN.
Cot. Vrf roul a kit ilsrlpooa brant.
Col. Fremont ha at length got his great
Mariposa estate fully continued to him, and
If ho can succeed in taking possession of it,
may be regarded as one of the richest men
living. The patent was signed by the
President last week, aud delivered by him
at the White Houso to Col. Fremont in
pcrxou. Patents are now genoraKy signed
by the Private Secretary of the President,
who is thereunto authorized by an act of
Congress ; but Con. Pierce signed this one
with Lis own baud. Tho instrument is
engrossed upon parchment, and covers
twelve sheets, including, on a largo sheet of
parchment, a finely executed map of Las
Mnriposas, as surveyed by the United States
Surveyor General. .
The tract is upward of seventy square
miles in extent, and i situated about 335
miles from Sau Francisco, in an easterly
direction. It embrace tho town of Mari
posa, containing from 3,000 to 4,000 in
habitants, and a uumber of othor small
towns and settlement ; and it is estimuted
that there are upward of 19,000 people at
present on the estate.
Col. Fremont bought this land on the
10th of May, 1840, of Alvarado, ex-Governor
of California, for $3,000 in cash, nnd
at the time the old Californiuns laughed lit
it as a very extravagant price. After a
long litigation, his title has been fully con
firmed by the Supreme Court at Washing
Of tho value of Col. Fremont' grant it
is impossiblo to speak with definiicnoss, as
it is apparently almost beyond calculation.
Messrs. Palmer, Cook Si Co., bankers of
Sun Francisco, who have, already advanced
heavily to pay the taxes upon it, and to de
fray tho enormous expenses of tha suit,
own one undivided half interest in the prop
erty. Col. Fremont alone owns tho other
Already about thirty. five- millions worth
of gold dust have been taken from the
tract, and the per centage of earth which
has yet been worked, even imperfectly, is
exceedingly small. This is owing to the
scanty supply of water lo be found on the
tract, and a canal is projected, at a cost of
$000,000, to supply this deficiency. When
this is completed, the revenue lo bo derived
from the estate will amount to many mill
ions per ann'im. N. Y, Evening I'osU
XgT There is said to be in progress iu
the Protestant States of Northern Germany
what may be termed, in a peculiar sense-, a
a revival of religion. This is not a "tevi
val" in the technical American sense, with
protracted meetings, aud a remarkable con
version here and there from the ranks of
tho impenitent, but a calm awakening of
religious feeling in communities and
churches where it has-long been slumber
ing. It is evinced in the increased attend
ance upon church service, in the publica
tion of earnest religious book and periodi
07" According to ihe opinion of many,
there are periodic changes in the human
system, life being a scale of progression, a
grand staircase of years, approaching the
grand climacteric step which is but a short
remove fromjjthe grave. These periodic
changes, or critical periods, are supposed lo
occur once in seven years, and that in there
seven years the body undergoes a complete
change. The age of sixty-three is consid
ered as tha grand climacteric, or most crit
ical period of life. It is not known that
there is any record to show the fouudation
or correctness of this belief.
05 A Buffalo couplo recently waltzed
three consecutive hours, over a distance of
five and a half miles, and von a prize for
the rat. Fifty couple in addition stalled
with them, but wilted down directly, and
one lady fainted in the arms of her partner.
Go ixo Beyond the Lrmctr op his
Wnpv A eitv iisner. w hit-h uoilit to know.
- r i ' r
states that Mr. j'ierce says thai in ease he it.
not nominated at Uincinuiti, no iNurtli.ni
innn shall be. Mr. Pierce has great faith in
the cohesive power of public plunder, evi
dently. JVT. Y. Herald.
A Fvstn.1 TxEe. C. K- AIop' Una in
Mi'WU-U'wn, Conn., contains a tree which ii
three ft in diameter, an1 is one half ma
pie and half oak. The lxly of the treo is
round and smooth, and the junction of the
two varieties is marked by a slight ridge on
tbo brl rbleli "ot J w he'oiy n-tw?.
Una square Uiim er km) tin insertion, 13,00
" " two lnwii.Mii, 4.UO
" three iuwrliuiis. 5,n0.
l;ecb uliw(iu ni iiri'ti(Mi, 1,00
naaiiab: dcJuciiuii tii 11mm alio dvrU If.
- tli yer.
Th raorairroa or, tits Alttil'rt wsrnri
Iu inform I lie ml:ic tlist li has jiwl reeeived a
lutgt s:ork of JOiJ 'f Vl'K aud oilier new print
ing iiisietMil, and will b iu Ui i (edy reee'at vt :
sil l.lioni suite '1 io nil Hie r qnlr i.rnts of lb I"" ,
caliiy. llANDItlUX. rOhTKKS, llf.ANK!, 1
('Altl)rt, CIHCULAKM, PAMl'llLliT-WOUK
anil wilier kinds, duus lo order, on short notiee.
UOVSZ Or Hfct'KESK.NTATIVKS. . ,
March 31, 1956.
Co motion of Mr. Phelps, of Mo., the
Military Committee was instructed lo in ,
quire into tho expediency of accepting the
service of volunteers lo aid in the suppres-;
(ion of Indian hostilities on the Pacifio ,
Mr. Campbell, oCOhio, from Committee
of Way and Means, lo which had been ,
referred a bill for the suppression of Indian
Loiilities in Oregon and Washington, re-,
ported a uUtiluto appropriating $300,000,
to be exiiendod under the direction of tha
President, for restoring and maintaining
tha paceab!o disposition of the ludiau ,
tribe on the Pacific ooait, nnd $130,000,
to purchase gunpowor. Mr. Campbell said
the original bill contemplated a rather
warliko movement, but tho committee .
thought it would be better to report a meas.
uro looking to peace- on the frontiers, as
recommended by the Socrotnry of War. '
Mr. Allison, of Pa., while not disposed '
to throw any Impediment in the way of tha
passage of the bill, was of the opinion that
ho charge- made by Geu. Wool against
Gov. Curry, ought to be investigated. Tha '
charge- was that Gov. Curry, by culling
out men, purchasing horses, eVc., was iu
olving the treasury to an expense of from
two to fuur millions. '
Mr. Campbell, of Penn., was In favor of
voting the money forthwith, and holding
the administration to account hereafter.
Mr. Ready, of Tenn., aaid it was suffi
cient for him to know that hostilities exist
to justify an appropriation for their sup
pression. Mr. Lane, of Oregon, proceeded to show '
that the wnr which was commenced against
thp Indians was not instigated by the white
settlers, whom ho eulogized ns orderly
peaceable, and gallant. The day has
passed when Gen. Wool can chastise tho
Indians of those Territories.
Mr. Anderson, of Washington Tor., in
sisted on the necessity of the appropria
tion. It was not to fit out military expedi
tions, or to pay one dollar for the expenses
of war, but to preserve peace by support-'
ng friendly Indian on their reserves, and
preventing them from joining hostile tribes
Mr. ZolIicoirr,of Penn., In referring to
the conflicting statements about the a flair
of Oregon, and Washington Territories
said he thought an investigation was neces
sary before voting money.
Mr. Phelps advocated immediate action
on the bill. . .
Senate, April 4. The Houso bill ap,
propriating $300,000 for restoring and'
maintaining the peaceable disposition of
the Indian tribes on the Pacifio coast, and
$120,000 fir gunpowder, was passed.
nr. Ituchttana. on tile Mvnraska Qneslloa.
Some discussion having taken place on
the position of Mr. Buchanan en the Kansas
Nebraska b II, we are permitted to copy ths
following extrucl from a letter addressed
by Mr. Buchanan to Senator Slidell, dated
London, on the 24th of Deo. Inst, whero
there seemed to be no dilference as to Mr.
B.'s thorough identity wilh Ihe democratic
party on this, as on all other issues. It
will bo seen that Mr. B. speaks of tho Kan
sas Nebraska bill with his usual frankness
and decision. We are confirmed Iu our
impression by this letter, that uo mnn, no
set of men, aud no newspaper, are at all
warranted to speak atithoiHively for Mr.
Buchanan upon this or upon any other
question. His own words speuk for them
Ths letter of Mr. Buchanan was not, it
will bo seen, intended fur publication, but
the gentleman lo whom it was addressed
has thought it necessary, after the editorial
article In tho Uniun of Wednesday last,
to lay it before the country !
''Ihe question lias been semen uy con
gress, and this settlement should he inflex-
blv maintained, lne Mmsourl compro
mise isgone forever. But no assault should
be nm'lo upon those democrats who main
tained it, provided they are now willing in
goodfuh (o maintain the settlement a it
exists. Such an understanding is just and
wise in iiscu.
"li is well known how I labored in com
pany ttith Southern men lo have this line
extended to the Pacific Ocean. But it has
departed. The time for it ha passed
away, and I verily believe that the best
nay, the only mode now b-fi of putting
down the fanutical and reckless spirit of
abolition at the North is to n-lhere to tho
existing settlement without the slightest
thought or appearance of wavering and
without regarding anv Morm which may bo
raised against it." Washington Union. ,
Tile New Yok Psoiiibitost I.iQt'o Law
The hizhert ei utt io N. w Voik. the Court of Ap
iietils, hu realered a dw-isinu lhnl ihe prohibitory
Liquor l-aw of that Hl' " iim.i;lilutionL
.'i t ,u M.ni,rr.l in hv ffllir of tllfl til
Him uecw'u - - -
jMiltfef. The f rtof I lie decimnti l that any prohib
itory lW wnren imrnei w 111 -..u ......... r...,.-
( already in pave tan is iiix-otiriilunoiinl aud
to d fur the rrai-ou lhl it uppliei ta property now
in mteeuioa at veil at that ta lit hereafter at'
qmred: but ihot the L'gi'talure kart power la
pa a prohibnory law lo ipj.ly lo lio,u. lo b
kereafler purchased Kiieh new law ha beaif
introduced einc the above deepen, lutolhe fetal
J-JT The Med.eal 1'rea recently contained aa
irtitlv eiiowiiiK that an eruptive dinMM bad btea
eoniinanieatrd by a Uua la it keeper J and Ut
H moa Medical andurtrk-aJ J.rtiroiU" narrate a
case ia which a einuUu d wu aunimunieatcd
f? a !'? ftmitv, hr a rrorite dog