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i cn if uirrnrm Arnn?
S-1 S4X M
ri'iLiiiiKD svr.ar mtukuav aior.nixo,
BY WILLIAM. L, ADAMS.
Office-Good's Duildiim. Main 8t. Edito
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Original For the Argut.)
What causos (error lu the bort
That once fcnrle stood,
And braved Hie storms with many bjastj
To ket p their viotorios good 1
One short year since without dismay
Now, liko a shattered band
American, they hear us say,
Shall rule our nativo kind.
Noue but a demagogue should quake
To bear a freeman' shout !
Nouo but a dastard's knees should shake,
To know that "Sam's" about !
Now party spoils, and parly power,
The people laugh tn scorn,
And to tin' despots dying hour
Succeeds the freeman's mom.
Surely, our land is sore oppresstd j
An office-holding few
Hav gorged themselves nnd starved the rent,
As despots always do.
But "Sam's'' about a gallant sot ' '
Now stand at his light hum!
To let Hu m know that freemen yet
Will rule their native land.
Look at the hosts against us ranged,
See what a molley crew !
Ah! how Democracy has changed
Lo! Irish, Dutch, and Jew
Compos the best battallions
That rise at their commuiid
These ignorant rajMcallious
Would rule our native laud.
Rut ''.Sam's" about. The legions
' I Live scarce begun to arm,
And even lo furthest regions
Extends the potent dull ill :
Our wutch-wurd shull bo Washington
' Our cause, our own just right
JiiiUcuuse and gallant watch-word,
To win a glorious fight. '25.
' AYho Ik Guilty of f.owuctllee 1
To thoso who, like us, have resided in Oregon
fromadato long anterior to the time when cither
Joseph Lauo or Gov. Ciuines became officially cou
' ncclel with Oregon niK.iis, it is entirely useless to
malio n single statement in rifcrineo to the official
history of eitlier of these men whilst Ihey have
bjen so thoroughly identified w.lh Uregou history.
Every old Ore,oiiiun in well acquainted with the
manner in which both these men havo discharged
thoir reapuclire duties, and the reception which
their conduct has mot with from the lunula of the
people. Wo are ull familiar with the weapons
- which huvo been employed against Gov. Gaines,
and those men of all political parties who have had
uie manliness and honesty to interwo a shield of
defenso against the weapons of slander and detrae
; tion, which a few wicked politicians hove inccs
: aantly poured Uon his head, for no other reason
than his having fearlessly nnd honestly discharged
j his duties in every official department In which he
. ; lias been called to act. To say thnt Gov. Gaiius
has never committed an official mistake, would be
( attributing to him an infallibility which no man pos-
sesses; and which we know ho is far from claiming.
But wo can safely stute, that if ho has ever been
, guilty of an official aberration, it has never been
) brought to light by a single bn of the legion of
, lalse witnesses who bove volunteered their testuno-
ny against his fair fame, and who liavo time and
" again stultified themselves by their contradictions,
nud rendered their whole testimony nugatory by
charging things which every old Oiegoninii knew
to be nntrue. Th very course which has been ta
ken by those w ho lead the "clique" to stab the
character of Gov. Gaines, to stab the character of
, tonost and virtuous democrats, who had conscience
, and love of justice enouglrto hurl back these false
charges into the teeth of their propagators, to stab
the Oregon ministers of the gospel, to stab moral
nd religious men, and to drive Its murderous steel
into the vitals of religion, simply because J1 tbese
objects of their rage stood up, like the flaming
word in the garden of Eden, as insuperable bar
riers to the full accomplishment of their dark de
signs; we say that this very course has more effec
tually opened the eyes of the people to the real
.character of the elements of opposition to Gor.
Gains, than con id have been done by all the ora-
tors and writers who could have been employed to
set the matter before the people in its true light.
1 We have conversed with multitudes of democrats
I who have assured us that they intended to walk
1-np to the ballot box and pronounce ("tiro tore")
I their condemnation of the already craxy , crumbling
1 power that grasps with polluted hands the reins of
i government in Oregon, by supporting candidates
; throughout, who are not opposed to progress in
" morality, progress in political economy, progress in
temperance, righteousness and truth, but who are
'. apposed to the clique whose organ has never advo-
cated a single mo.nl principle, but which seems to
look upon the free uncontrolled gratification of ani
mal appetite, a tlte alpha and omega of human
"fi'&erry" and "pr.'grcseive democracy."'
V e merely advert to couple of the prominen
V. L. AHAMH,
charge which are now being mode, and Uaipld up
on with a great deal of npi'iireut giwto, by the
oliaraetern before sjwken of.
Hint oar readers may fully uiidirstand lh foroe
of tho ehurgo, and the elmrocl'T of th who
make It, wo copy the following elia-te, cxqu n'te
and truly cluieal "title" too work whl. h lli.il fac
tion proo-s lo issue, solely for circulation among
tho subxuribcrs to the sheet, lliat is l ow their only
acknowledged organ, and from w hicli we take this
preeloiu eitract :
" l.ro or llen-caruation, or the nesro irenem
lluit wuiihl-yil, an.1 the while major Hint did-id. '
This they oousider the Tory bent, and most poin
tl manner in which they are blu to charge Gov
Gaiius with cowardice, fur liavlng, w th Cusalns M
Clay, Lieut. George Datilaon, and thirty other as
brave nu n as old Kentucky ever had the honor o
offering to the front of 0 foreign foe, surrendered to
a Mexican army of three thousand men, after they
were surrounded, iu the dead of u'ght, mid every
poNilblo avenue of eseaie being blocked up, no al
ternutiro was left them but to surrender, or foolinh
ly sacrifice tluir lives.
Tlio Kentucky legislature, who were fiuiuliur
with every incident connected with that surrender,
complimented them in a series of resolution, wlrch
we publish lelow, for their bravery, and their Cool
determination lo maintain tho honor of their native
State. Tho impartial historian, who was upon tho
arena of war, and was well conversant with the
toils, privalioiis said sufferings of these uoble soldiers
who wera battling for their country's cause, and
for America's glory, has paid them a passing trill.
ute of rexpect us meii "conspicuous on the list of
tin we who took nil activo part in tho operations of
After having heard the testimony of the Ken
lucky legislature, tho historian Kendall, and that
of n lliounnd and oue other brave utid iinblc witnes
ses, who have given their evidence in us many pub
Lulled productions fiom their owu bands, and
which wo ii.ijrht quote if necessary, the question
naturally arisen, from .what sourer has this charge
of cowardice iu thceo men originnted 1
Comes it fi"in nun who arc acquainted from ex
perience with tho dangers and hiinLhi of the
tented field, men who carry long scare from gashes
received in brnvely balding for their country's hon
or, and their kindred's, rights f Comes it from men
who have ever given a singlo solitary evidence of
onher pacss'iig tho bravery of a woman, or the
willingness of u Jew to mnko the least pecuniary
nionhco, for the protection of their countrv ? Let
the origin of tho mouth-piece of tho ''ir'alcm clique'
answer. A moutli-picce which can doubilets trace
back its pedigree to some cowardly tory, in the
shape: of an oil-cant .Massachusetts yaukee, a mun
who w.;s probably nameless, up to the very
lay of the b.oody struggle of Uuukor'a Hiil, and
who was afterwards honoreJ with a inline iniueiii-
ry of the event of his having k'eu found after the
battle suugly concealed in tl.o brunches of an ad-
ud what is the character for patriotism and
military prowess of this " Salem Chquo " f
Let the bones of violated and niurilerid inno-
uocence that aro now bleaching unrevenged upon
ic suiuis of tnako river, answer! Let the cold
nd chilling ro-ponse which was given by the Ex-
cntivo of Oregon to the prayers and entreaties of
fcless hu.-lmikls and futherless children, who
tgd, lat-l autumn, that tho gory bodies of their
urest earthly Iriendn might be rescued from the
talons of the carrion kitc,.nnd the gaze of the mur
derous savage, and placed in a decent tomb by the
hands of such of their kindred and friends as were
Hinting to avenge their butchery, answer! Let
is blanched cheeks and quivering knees of these
alein officials, when they were casting about for
some piaunible excusofor lulling in tho grogslmp.i,
i.d whittling away the dreary hours of winter,
stead of honoring the name of Atrnjar. citizen
by doing their duty, answer !
Such, gentle readers, is the character of the
faction which is now so loud in its denunciations of
ov. Gaines as a coward, and is so forward in de
nouncing every thing that bears tho American
name or impress. All this abuso comes with an
admirable grace from a faction which anv true
mericun would be ashamed of, and which not
one foreigner ill ten thousand is so debased that
with him to know them would not be to scorn
them. ' ' '
Kind and christian readers, do you think this to
be too strong lunguage 1
If you do, just imagine yourselves for a moment,
have been the husbands and fathers of wives
ho were violated and murdered en the plains, and
of children who were held in the flames by the
hair of the head, until their shrieks uud cries, were
topped by the kind offices of death, snU then
bring to mind the cold indir"ce with which this
matter was I'e0 by this same cowardly Salem
faction, who by the good mercy of Jo. Lane, and
not by any will of yours, held the reign of gov
ernment, and if your blood doesn't course quicker
trough your veins, and if you dont involuntarily
"Oh for a scourge in every honest hand
To lash these sneaking scoundrel lluongh the
then yon certainly aie not worthy of the name of
Rut here are the document :
Resolution! Complimentary to the Encarnacion
. rruoneri aud othert.
Resolved by the General Aeu?Mv of the Com
monwealth of Kentucky, That ;.jor John P.
Gaines, Capt Cassius .M. Clay, Lieut George Da-
viuson, ana uieir unrty coinpauous in arms, who
were taken prisoners by a force of three thousand
armid -Mexican, under command of Gen. Jliiion,
at Encarnacion, deserve Uie Ihauks of the people
of Kentucky for their bravery, un(l for tj)eir c00
determination to moiutain th reputation o( Ken
tucky, when escape was impossible and destruction
inevitable save by surrender.
Resolved, That Capt Wax. J. Heady and Lieut
Thomas J. Churchill, and their eighteen brave com
panions, taken captive by a superior Mexican
force, when resistance would have been vain, have
h UijuX of the rT'e of Kentucky for their
t AllV.llM.A tolimaw tukt of cotilra rouiU- of KUt.
) ttaH nnitsat nf I'.oroarts. aaa Stars, and Htrlnas."
oasQow city, onnooiy TBaaiToay, Saturday, may
binvcry, and sympathy for their sull'eiinjs while in
Resolved, That Major John P. Gu'uw haswou
Hie admiration of the people of Kentucky hy lion
orsbly With Irew.iis; hw parol as a prisoner of war
when ordered by On. I .oniliurdini to go to Tolucs;
by Ills escape lhrunp;li Hie hues of the enemy ( by
Ins siicc. .ml junction with th American army,
and by Ills gallum bearing at thurubiwco, t hspul
trp e, and all the Laities fought before the walls,
aud in th city of Mexico, bo btinj the only volun-
cor from Kentucky who participated in 111
achievements of Inn. Heotl aud his army in lliuse
. Approved .March 1st, 1818.
Erlraet from Kenduiri llutory.
- "Although out of place, th writer of the fore
going description cannot close without hastily re
ferring lo the conduct of many persons, not directly
attached to the American army, but who took an
active part in tho operations of the war. t on
spicuou on the list of those who served inthocam
i.igti in the valley of .Mexico was Major Gaines.
I'liit oll'icur had been captured at Eiiearuucioii, by
ivunon, oeture the ouiiie or lliiena vista, and at
though allerwards exchanged or released by ex
pre stipulation, was retained a prisoner at the city
of .Mexico. Hut escaping before the march of the
army fiom I'uclila, and leaching the kilter oily ill
ufcty,he at mice volunteered on the staff of Cen.
h'coll, and afterwards served with great courage In
all Hie principal cotillicl. .Mi.ljiipnian llogrrs, ta
ken at Vora Cruz, and rclaiued a prirouor al the
capital, was also successful in rcapiug, aud on
reaching l'uebla joined the stuff of O.u. 1'illow, as
a volunteer aid. Iu all the battles iu which th
division of that oflicer was viigm;ed his services
were of a most gallant nature. .Major llorlnnd and
Capt. Duuley, captured with Major tniieea, were
secreted at Han Angel, as die victor of Coutrera
wera prcFSing down alter the fugitives. The lat
ter wus imlisfiosed at the lime, and unable lo move,
but the former, procuring a nue-kct, joined iu and
took an active share in the battle of Chuiiibusco.
lie uflcrwanls served with bravery as a volunteer
aid on thrstulf of (Jen. Worth; while Cupt. Dmi
try, attaching himself to Gen. Cjiiiltiiuu in the
sums vupacity, was severely wounded in the nt-
lucK upon lliupultepco.
Tho next charge that is now being made against
Gov. Gaines, is that his conduct in reference to tho
treaty he made with the Rogue River Indians iu the
Spring of 1851, wns altogether wrong hi tho
opinion of thoso gentlemen.
We, shull not even take the pains to examine
this mutter at present, any further than to publish
an extract from a letter to Gov.Gainc from Jmrph
Laue upon thatsubject. In justice to Gov.Guiurs
wa will nay, tliut wu luke the responsibility of
doing so, wholly upon oursclf, as he (Gov.
Gaines) has never requested us to do so, neither is
ho aware tliut we huvo the letter in our possession:
Wabiiikoton Citv, January 11 th, 18J2.
)kk Covthno.". : Yours of tho olhiind also of
the :20th Nov. lust, Iha latter cudorsiinr Walker's
Iclter, have been duly recoived. On receipt of your
fir-it letter, I went iimiKdialely to tho Indian Dept.
to see wnui iinu ueen aons Willi your accounts ;
luuuu tliut they nuil not beon allowcil, as you have
btcn mads aware. They informed me that you
had been written lo, giv.ug you the reason, ire,
oVc. Well, my dear Hit, 1 know ull about your
doings iu the lloc.no Kivcr Indian affaire, aud I
can ussure you tliut I am well satisfied thai you
acted promptly, correctly, sensibly, and humanely,
iu the premises. . You done the best you could,
and for the btst. -I buve so stated to the Conimis
oner of Indian ull'uirs, Secretary of War, and all
others with whom 1 huvo spoken on the subject
1 am sir, with great respect your friend and
obedient servunt, JOSEl'II LA.NE,
For the. Argut.
l.lnn t'.ounty Whig Convention.
Pursuant to a cull of tho County Committee tho
Whig County Convention of Linn County mot nt
Brownsville, May lfith, 1855. Tho Convention
was organized by appointing H. A. McCartney,
Chairman, and James II. Payne, Secretary.
Tho Convention proceeded to nominnto candi
ilates, with the following result : '
For Council Hugh JJ. George. ...
Kcpn seulativcs Thomas S. Kendall,
E. L. Walters.
" Co. Commissloueis 1). W. Ballard,
O. II. Collins.
" " Treasurer M. C. Chambers
" " Assessor D. C. Hackloy.
" " Surveyor Origeu Thompson.
On motion, the following persons were appointed
County Committee for tho ensuing year : John
larrows, II. A. Ilogne, T. . Moody, D. W. Hal-
lnrd, and D, C. Ilackley.
Ordered, that tho proceedings of this CouvcU'
tion be published in tho Whig paper of the Ter
ii. a. McCartney, ch'm.
James II. Pavxe, Scc'y.
The foregoing has been sent to us, by Mr. John
Barbows, nnd wc ' cheerfully Insert it, as we aro
willing to publish tho proceeding of all respecta
ble associations, moral, religious, literary, or politi
cal. We presume, however, that theso proceed
ings were not sent to us in accordance with the in
structions contained in the last resolution of tho
Brownsville Convention. The Argus is not a Whig
paper, any further than the Whigs ore right, and
it is also a democratic paper, just so far as the dem
ocrats are right. A true dcm.crutic convention
might, with the same propriety, pass a resolution to
send their proceedings to the Argus, as a demo
cratic paper. Iu fact, it is the only real democratic
paper now printed in Oregon, and is so recognized
by hundred of true democrats who have stopped
the paper of the false democracy, and are now ta
king our paper, and doing much for our circulation.
We are always willing, however, to publish the
proceedings of both the old political parties, ''right
or wrong," even to an extended account of their
death and burial ; but a to tndorting their plat
form, that is quite another tiling.
Coinage of the BrltHh MlaU
According to the British mint return, just issued,
it appears that tl.o gold coinage during the past
year amounted lo X4, 152.163, of uh oM2
was in half sovereign ; that the silver coinage wu
140,480, of which 55,041 wa in florin; and
that the copper coinage wa 61,538.
Fir tht Argut. 1
11 him Batten ap tUe Cafala I
Did you ever hear of Farley, aud avir know how
And old Jo Lone of Oregon, encs chanced to dis
The great I'ac fic Telegraph was on consideration,
Aud old Jo Lane of Oregon fell liu'e hesitation
In quarreling with Karlcy, because il chanced that
And old Jo Lane of Oregon win difference could
Tho man who represent us withlu Ihu nation's
The same Jo Luue of Oregon gel sometime into
biiwls, . .
And little honor brinpa ho on us who send him
For old Jo Lane of Oregon quite often acts tho
hear ( ' '
He quarreled there with Farley, and damned him
Jor a liar,
Till old Jo Laue of Oregon had well nigh felt his
But others stepped between and warded off tlie
Or else Jo Lane of Oregon might there have fallen
I see, since, by the pnpor, ap?lojy was iiade
By old Jo Lane of Oregon, for words to Farley
' add. . .
Now do we send to Washington, and pay a man
. to stand,
Like this Jo Laue of Oregon, the acorn of all the
laud I '
I la Oregon no honor, and will tho public voice
Pronounce Jo Lnno of Oregon again tho people'
"Sam'' any ho know a man will suit us better
That John P. Gaines of Oregon awaioohe people's
Tin said Lane's folks arc living in a cabin niado of
Whilst far away iu Washington, 'midst luxury he
Lot's givo him time to batten up the old log cabin
And whilst at homo he fattens up, scud Gniue to
Keep It before the People. '
Tliut ninny sins aro committed in the
name, of AmoricmiUm. Tliut true Atiiuri-
caiiistt) opposes nativo tu well us foreign
rowdies all who violate tlie laws of the
land, and altoiupi to ride, rough-shod over
tho institutions of the Koptthlic.
That truo Americans go for carrying out
tho principles of Wushjtigtcn, and hot the
principles of Bill l'oolo aud Yankee Sulli
van. , .
That truo Americanism is, equal and ex
act justice loall men.
That truo Americanism is, thnt wliila we
utlbrd nn asylum to the oppressed of all
lands, wo opposo their ruling us. Wo give
thorn a homo but iliey blinll not become our
That truo Americanism tolerates all re
ligious creeds, but opposes auy interference
of sectarianism with politics. That it only
opposes Roman Catholicism in its attempts
to promote tho temporal sway of tho 1'ope
and its interference with tho established In
stitutions of tho Republic.
That true Americanism is for making all
nations respect the flag of our Couiih-y, and
rebuking every insult ottered to it. No
matter whether such insults como from the
minions of a petty despot, or from tho min
ions of all the despots combined.
That true Americanism is opposed to this
country being taxed to support the paupers
and critnintils of the Old World.
That truo Americanism is, that Ameri
cans shall rule America.
That true Americanism is for sustaining
tho laws of God, and tho laws of tho United
States. America t Own.
The Devil's Pendulum.
At temperunco meeting in Glasgow,
Scotland, the Raw Mr. A mot related tho
following incident, illustrating Iho cruelty
of tho liquor tramc :
"Ho knew otio case in which the son ofa
poor woman, passed his lifo alternating be
tween tho lunatic asylum and ltis mother's
dwelling, lie regularly drank himself mud,
and wus removed to the asylum by a slier
ill's warrant, llo got no whiskey thero,
and soon became as sane as any one; but
when he got out three mouth's drinking
maddened him again, and the restraint re
quired to bo repealed.
He had heard of an instrument of tor
ture invented by tho Inquisition. Tho vic
tim was bound upon a 'table, and a huge
pendulum with a sharp knife attached was
suspended auovc. i no pendulum went
wag, wag, aoove the miserable wretch till it
began to touch, touch, and went in, in, and
in, ti'.l death relieved him from the torture.
Satan, through the instrumentality of the
public house had contrived precisely that
horrible species of torture for tbat poor
The New York Evening Post presents rather a
gloomy picture of tho supply of bisadatiilts at
present in this country. From il statement we
would infer that there is no surplussge over and
above home wants, aud eoiuw-quently noae to w-nd
abroad ; so that, let what will take place in Eu
rope, these staples Will continue lo command a
hieh price in our market unt l the in-gathering of
th uest harvest. It is mentioned as a sguib .ant
fact that grain-dealefs fiom AlSany and Troy
are in New York city baying w hea'. Tho snpply
is reduced to-i.'K") bushed, and comwwd mostly
of Southern and Canadian. N. . Dtltn.
Vive Dollar a Vnr,
Was Jrfferaoa a Is. now Xothla( 1
That spurious democracy who duuouneo
every thing that f,nmcks of American spirit,
boiihtingly point to Thomas Jcllersou as tho
great embodiment of Democratic principle.
If Jeflorsuii was alive to day ho would be
rroiiiiuent muii in the American tiioveii-cnt.
ii hi nob1 on Virginia ho said :
"They (tho foreigners) will bring with
them the principles of tho Government they
have, imlnbtd in early youth; or, if able
t throw tliem ofT, it will bo in exchange
for nn unbounded licntiotncss, pus''!, as
it usual, from one extreme to another. It
would bo a miracle were thev to stop precise
ly at the point of temperate liberty. Their
principle, with their language, they will
transmit to their children. In proportion
to their number, they will sharo with us in
tho legislation. They will infuse into it
their spirit, warp and bias it direction, and
render it a Letcroj'eneous, incoherent, dis
Let the Tammanyites put that in their
Democratic pipes nnd smoke it in tho old
wigwam to purify it of its infections. We
think Joflersoit was something of a Know
Nothing. What think tho Sachems of
Tammany Amcricu'i Oten.
Distensions aaioni the Mormon.
William Smith, a brother of the Prophet,
writes as follows to tho Springfield Journal,
strongly protesting against Polygamy as no
part of Mormonisin. If he is correct, what
did "spiritual wifeismassauctioncd by the
Prophet at Nauvoo, mean ! ,
Southampton, Peoria Co., III., )
Feb. 19, 1855. j
. Edilortof the Journal Gentlemen : Enclosed
is a slip which I cut from a New York paper. It is
a publication by one of lirigham Young's wives
"let loose." It Is probabie that you have already
noticed it. Sho propose to expose the syntein of
polygumya practiced. nnd tho conspiracies against
Possibly we shall loam something of the horrible
murders and robberies committed on California em
igrants while crossing the plains, said to be the
work of Indians but moro likelv of white men in
dhguise. I will remark, however, that although
theso .Mormon sisters of the Salt Lake Church may
have abundant reasons for their expositions, still I
am inclined to the opinion that to charge the ab
surdities of Brihiini Y'ouug' polygamy practices
upon the Mormon faith and doctrine is unjust, and
has no foundation in truth.
Tho public should know that Brigliamism Is an
ism of doctrine of modern invention, and conse
quently ouly know n or recognized hy tlie true Mor
mon as a damnable heresy ; il authors as fulse
apostles, deceitful workers of iniquity, who shall
perUh In their own corruptions, on the gospel of
Christ hnlh declared.
The system of polygamy got up by Young, and
other evils which grow out of it, are a libel and a
slander upon tho character of tho Prophet whose
bones now lie mouldering iu a martyr's gravo; and
were Joseph Smith to come forth from his lowly
bed, and view tho condition of things iu tho Salt
I.uko country, he would i-piiru from his presence
Brighnm Young, and deiiounco his loathsome and
True b. liovers in Mormonisin should know, and
tho world should know, tliut this Brighum Y'ouug
i a usurper, and an npiwlnte from the Church
having no justification for his nefarious schemes or
acts in any Mormon rule found In the Mormon
books of our primitive faith.
WILLIAM SMJTII, President.
nrcail and Hckhavs.
,, Tho Now Orleans Picnyunc, in speukittg
of tho vast number of the stout aud hearty
looking brggars, of both Boxes, which now
infest that city, relates tho following Anec
An old acquaintance of ours, a man of
largo heart, but of a shrewd and inquisitive
intellect, w ho had been annoyed by tho fre
quent calls of iheso strapping, sturdy, but
piteous applicants, . hit on an expedient
which worked so very well in his caw, that
we feel inclined to recommend it to the con
sideration of those who are similarly un-
noyeu. Going one day to the door, ho toutid
at it a young man of about eighteen or
twenty years, nnd looking able at least to
earn a dollar a day, who begged for a pica
yune to buy htm a lotit of bread.
"Don't you want tho money to buy whis
"No ; to buy bread."
"Are you hungry!"
"Could you eat a loaf of bread if I was to
give you oue?"
"Come in, then, and I will soo whatcs.ii
be done for you."
lie was led into the dining-room, a stout
man-servant summoned, and ft loaf of bread
and a glass of water put on tho table. He
was theu invited to lay to and help himself,
and particular instructions were given to the
servant to give the fellow a sound whaling
in case he did not eat the louf, crust and ull.
The poor fellow, who evidently was no more
in want of bread than he was of a coat with
nine tails to it, went at the ta-k bravely, but
couldn't accomplish it ull the food he had
swallowed before rose in rebellion at such
an idea, and afier an hour's labor, he was
forced to yield and plead sickuess of "he
stomach. lie was well thrashed and kicked
out of the house, and the choice black
guardism that be burled back when fully
free, convinced every goo tbat he was not fit
for their fympatby.
k'h Mew orh Btrala't flplntod of lb
Many of our renderi liara no great re
gard for the opinion of the N'nw York Hon
uld, on subject of business, moral, or poli.
tics. And ws supposo tho editor of tho
Herald cares about a little of tho world's
opinion of liim, that tho Iloruld goes
ahead and keeps the "largest daily ciiculu
lion in tho United .States."
Hut yet it i a stubborn and remarkable
fact, tliut for tho last twenty' years or more,
tho Uerald has invariably bw-n found ou tho
winning sido in nil Presidential election.
This may bo accident, or good guessing on
ly ; but it is hard to gut clour of the Convic
tion tliut thero must bo some sagacity, somo
knowledgo of the tone of the people, and of
tlio impulses of the popular heart tliut Jcodt
a man so uuerringly to tho strong side,
These facts give moro than usual interest
to the speculations of the Herald, in jrcfar
enco to the power aud progers of tho new
American party. Tho latest is tho follow-
ing, from tho I ieruld of the Otli of March t
St. Louis IattWjuiccr,
Thk Know Xotiiimo P.kvolitiox. Iu th nu
merous little town election which, within a few
day past, have come off in nil parti of the country,
we see that th orgaiiiiiition of panic 1 rapidly
narrowing down to a struggle hetween all the Mil
itants and fag end of the old parties and faction
on the on aide, nud the Know Nothings on tlio
oilier. Another remarkable fcaturo of the local
elections is litis, that in three-fourlhs of litem th
uew American party ha been victorious. Among
these victories they hav carried the village of Au
burn the head-quarter of William II. Seward
against all his available forces, and the Yan Bureu
barn-burning frcssoilcr combined. In tho fiuulb
there mysterious Know Nothings have achieved a
triumph quite as remarkable. They hav oorriod
lite city of Alexandria, Va., by a large majority,
on the heels of tho most elaborate and learnod of
all the slump speeches of Mr. Wise against this
terrible secret party. Thus the work goes on. The
Know Nulling hav now to contend agulnst old
fogy Whigs and Seward Whig, hunker Demo
crats, Buffalo Democrats, native, Irish nud Ger
mans, Protestants and Catholics, abolitionism, in
ccn'onism, the administration, the spoils, Henry A,
Wise, Captain Kynders, all the Vim Burens, all tlio
old fogies, Forney and the Kitchen Cubinet, and
yet the Know Nothings aro not only holding their
own, but marching steadily ahead. Thus th new
revolution goes ou. ,
The Death Throes of Old Vogylsm In Clon-
cestetTowusulp. . . 1
Few Townships, perhaps, witnessed a
more bitter strife than that which occurred
in Gloucester Township, on Wednesday of
last week. A reliable correspondent in
forms us that the Americans met and con
quered an alliance of Whiggcry, Locofoco
istu,. Irishmen, Germnns, and even tho pau
pers from the County Almshouse, which
contains those sent from Gloucester also, to
gether with tho eatnd secret Order, which
went body and breeches over. to the Whig
party lust full. Wo aro glud the prizo flag
was awarded lo tho Americans of old Glour
coster. Sho doubly niunta it. Jo have
elected their entire ticket Inst week, over
such a combination, certainly gives them
tho titlo of the "Banner Township."
Men who novor btforo were seen lo tuke
an active part iu politics I'lotestanta and
professing Christians our correspondent
asserts, wero seen to bring files of illegnl
Irish voters, knowing them to bo such, and
insisted upon their right to vote. But their
"wild horses" wero tamed, their attempted
frauds detected, and tho American party
came out more than victorious. Their vio
lence and bitterness proved to bo n dying ef
fort. Next full, we predict the Americans
will bent' them two to one. When tho re
sult was known, a more crcst-fulleu, subdued
drove of "wild horses" could not be found,
Thry tire fairly caught, aud ridden down. -w
Each looked as if ho could inwardly ex
claim : '
'Talk not of comfort Hi for lighter ilia)
I will indulge my sorrow, and give way
To all the panes and fury of despair."
J'hilu. American Banner.
The Next l'.oniivcs..Saiu'sil PtwncclH.
The result of the New Hampshire, election ndd
throe to the opposition foreo in the House. There
is of course some dispute as to the classification of a
(Kirtlon of the members already elected. ' A few
aro Democrats who have left their party and rccog
nixed organization ou the Nebraska issue. Inclu
ding these gentlemen in opposition to the present
Administration, the mtmbor elected may be des
cribed as follows :
Whigs, Know Nothings, Republican and
opposition deinocrnta l.M
Adm.uistrution and Nebraska democrats lib
Total number elected from 1 8 Stale.. ,
P.cmaiiiing lo be chomn
Of these latter, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee,.
Louisiana, Georgia and North Carolina, will
choose whig" and know-nothings, with a small lea
ven of r gnlur democrats.
If we allow the hitter thirty members from all
the Btates which have yet to elect, we shall be lib
eral. We may allow tin in, therefore, in the whok
House, fifty-nino members, or enough to call tho
yeas and nays. Thut is a privilege which ought
not to be denied to persona so fi.nd of taking the
resKinibility as tho Democracy boast of being. '
St. Louit Intelligencer.
From the Report of Rev. B. Sears, Secretary of
the State Board of Kducaliou for Mowachusctli,
we learn that 199,437 pupil attended the publio
schools during the past year the ratio of the mean
averuge attendance, to the whole number of
children betwreu five and fifteen, decimally tx
pressed 72 the total number of teacher i 4,526
average wage of male, including bord,
$37 75, and of females, 8 13 68 per month.
The sum annually eip nded, exclusive of the
upport of Collegiate Institutions, and ProfesKional
Schools, U promote popular education i aot leas