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About The Oregon Argus. (Oregon City [Or.]) 1855-1863 | View This Issue
( ruausiiKO avaav sattsoav uosxiau,
I BY WILLIAM, L. ADAMS.
Office-Good's Building, Mnin st. Edito
rial Rooms in basement story.
TERMS Tk qv will he furniekei at
Fir Vollare per Annua or Hit Olunlht
or Thru VoUari.
On squar (14 liuoo or less) on insertion, MOO.
h - two iiuwrumus l,'y.
m three Insertions, 85,011.
Emcb subsequent insertion, $MM).
tleaaunabl deductions to tliun who advertise by
, Tin raorairroa or tik ARGUS m mrrr
to inform th public Uiat lie liu just received
targe (took of JOB TYPE end other new priut-
' lug material, end will be in (lie speedy reoeipt or
sddiuous euiled to ell Uie requirements of Uin la
's oalily. HANDHILL8, POSTEIW, IlLAXKS.
' CARDS, CIUCULAIW, PAMl'llLET-WOItk
" nnil otlier kinds, done to order, on short notice.
Original Fr the Argut.)
IT Ml M. II. o. aoonmcu.
Oh 1 rainy t chnugo, both ead and bright,
Hat iti sacred precincts known, .
, Sinoe with buoyant hopes, the' aaddeued heart,
I left the old hear th-sUme I
. Old tic are broken new one furmeJ
And amid life' buttle and stir,
Have father, brother, auter, all
Forgotten the wanderer t '
: tt cannot be ( for in that home '
' Are the ehout of ohildieh gle j
Recalling the timo In the far off port,
When the firtt born elimbed Uie knee t
When hi voice Ant atir'd the deep fount of love
That swelled in tho parent's breast,
A nd left a green iut on the ca of life,
Whore the momory love to rct.
My home i now In the far off Went,
Ko sympathizing kiudred neiir,
- I'm girt around for tho war of life,
And hnve now no thought of fear :
Yet oft with a yearning heart, I turn ,
To the friend in tlisit cheriihed spot j
Oh ! ny not in the dear "Old Hume"
I (hull ever be forgot 1
Nottawa, Mich., Mureh 20, 1853.
Trom the Houtti.
Tho news from the South continues to be
cheering. Wo nro constantly receiving let
ters front rclittllo nu'hors, who stato that
the campaign is being conducted in a man
ner highly sati factory to tho friends of
conservative principles, and remarkably cred
itable to Gov. Gaines. Oregon is waking
up at last, from tho lethargy, that has wrap
ped her citizons in a dozy indifference in ref
erence to thoir own political interests, and
au insensibility to tho dark and gloomy
mists which have intercepted the sun of our
social and political hopes, by the triumph
heretofore, of tho wiles and arts of political
conjurers, who have led tho good people
"captive at their will." The incantations
of these political charmers seem to have lost
their power ; the cold icy manacles of party.
slavery aro fast melting from tho limbs of
American freemen, and after the fourth of
Juno, theso political "doctors" will bo in as
little demand, as their darker skinned breth
ren, of tho "Lamachin Tiee" school.
AYo havo room for but little of tho news
we havo received this week, but we make
room for a single sample of the communica
tions we aro receiving of a kind, in tho fol
lowing letter, which Mr. Matlock, of this
county, has just received from his son, aud
which ho has loft at our disposal :
Jacksonville, April 28, 1805.
Father : I have got . this fur on
my way to ai;'mining borne. I came from
Deer Creek with tho two canuiJstes ; have
heard them speak three time3 they spoke
.here last evening and Gov. Gaines just
kins and quarters Lane every time. The
General is the worst used up man I ever
saw, in fact I begin to feel sorry for the old
warrior. Gaines don't only use him up in
his speeches, but when traveling along he
devil's him continually ; they do the quar
reling, and ' I do the laughing. I have
laughed until I could scarcely sit on my
Ihorse. Gaines makes hyu rotes wherever
ihe goes, and I think stands a good chance
ttobe elected. Lane will get no majority
south of the Calapooya mountains. ' I saw
Stevens (Lovejoys's man) this morning and
' be says he is going to vote for Gaines, and
knows of hyu democrats in the same condi
tion. Your affectionate son,
N. N. MATLOCK.
Tr the lary at a CwmaaaUte.
Far the Argue.
1 left Yreka April 23. This mining town
exhibits many of the features of an eastern
city ; spacious streets, well built blocks of
brick, and is well illuminated at night. It
is situated in a pleasant valley, from one to
three miles in width, and about eight miles
in length. Notwithstanding a general prev
alence of vice in certain classes, there is
quite a superior character of intelligence
V.dtlnr a rroprtrlor.
and respectability among the mass of its
The earth now gay with flowers, trees
budding forth in green, and uaturo melodi
ous with tho music of birds, ull tended to in
spire the traveler with cheerfulness and de
light. Tho fine fields of green, which aro
seen iu the vallics of Yrcka, Shasta and the
Klamath, promUo well for tho husbandman.
Tho grass of these vallics is excellent nt
this season of the year. I stayed at the
Mountain House, kept by Mr. Emory, near
the bend of tho Sialcou. Starting early In
the morning tho mitts hung in grandeur
about the skirts of tho mountuin, as flitted
the ghosts of Ossian before the fresh breeze.
My routo through Itoguo river led me
through a region of largo farms, giving evi
dence of remarkable enterprise among its
settlors. The fields of wheat are large,
tho prairies are from 10 to 12 miles in
Tho wheat crop in this section promises
an abundant harvest.
Several mills aro already in operation, and
othors'are being rapidly erected. Tho flour
manufactured here is of a superior quality.
At Jacksonville I received the hospitali
ties of Rev. T. Uoyall and Mr. Taylor.
These men both kept the Sabbath in cros
sing tho plains, and seem to havo been
blessed in thoir deed.
The next day I arrived at Coon Creek, a
branch of the Umpqua. Tho land here is
rich, and tho farms have very much of a
homo nppcarauco. The familios settled in
here seem to bo generally refined and in
telligent. Hero I met the two candidates
for tho dclegateship. Gen. Gaines has a
noble, high-minded appearance, and seems
to possess tho air and bearing of ono of na
ture's truo American nobility. Gen. Lane
seemed frank and cordial in his mannor.
Tho next day I passed tho Canyon, and
entered the Umpqua valley. I here found
vegetation much advanced. Roses were
beautiful in early bloom, and the grape
vines of this year's growth had shot up from
six to twelve inches iu height.
I reached the house of Rov. Mr. Willbur
on Saturday night, and tarried till Monday
morning. Reached Yoncalla on tho evening
of the saino day, after a walk of seven days
from Yreka. W. N. G. .
Yoncalla, May 5, 1855.
Now, friend G. wo will any to you right
hero, that when you writo to us for the fu
ture, you must cither take a great deal more
pains to write legibly, or get some ono to
copy your manuscript before you send it in
for publication. Our typos on coming in
aud finding your production upon their ta
ble, were so nonplussed at your hieroglyph
ics, that much debate arose among them as
to tho authorship of it. Some were dis
posed to think it a transcript from the jour
nal of Stevens, or sotuo traveling antiqua
ry, who had copied a page of inexplicable
characters from some of the colossal ruins of
Copan, and had left them here thinking we
might be able to render thoni. Some
thought it a revelation direct from tho spir
it world, whilst our "devil" (who by the
way was honored with a peep at tho ori-
ginal gold plates) persisted iu his conviction
that it was the index, introduction, or pros
pectus, of a second bible, hich some theo
logical adventurer had just dug up and wan
We had to take your manuscript back to
our sanctum and copy it, and we fear we
have not given it a faithful rendering our
self. We have tried to get at the sense
by guessing, but whenever we came to a
proper name, that we could not make out,
we concluded to leave it out entirely instead
of calling it Smith, which we first thought
The Wash tag ton Heallael a ad. the Blf
In the last number of the Washington Sentinel
we find the following:
"It i a Deouliaritv of the rattle-snake o nat
uralists inform ui alwaya to rattle before it strike.
Whether this be an instinct or an impulse or gen
eroaitv. it rive fail warniuir of the reptile' pre
ence, and aflords the opportunity of escape, i uu
man who disregards the warning, and refine to
Tail himself of the opportunity, i stupid and fool-
hardy. A great snake baa rattled in tne tree
State. It is Uie new secret Older."
Our excellent friend of the Sentinel mean of
oourse, that, a the rattle-anake of Know Nothing-
ism has rattled in the free States, any Democrat
who disregards the warning and neglects to avail
himself of the ''opportunity of escape" from those
States is very "stupid and fool-hardy."
The editor would have all bis Democratic brctiv
ren fly for their Uvea from the non-alave-holding
States, ere the fangs of the great horrible snake,
that ha rattled iu toil o dreadfully, hall be fas
tened in the calve of their ill-fated leg.
But the editor of the Sentinel ought to tell those
poor Democrats of the ECU-alavcLoldiiij States,
Aitt.tlU.V- Kaows Bought of goldra promises af slUg,
Uaow aught of t'-oraaew, aa Mian, a a Hlrlaga."
O&BOON CITY, OX.aOOXfTS&B.ZTOS.r, ATPB.PAY, MAY 19,
who are frightened by Uie dreadful rattling of Sam's
tail, where they can liud refuge. We do not see
that there I much oliaiio of etU ff for them in tho
South, for Sum's caudul appendago rattle a
frightfully there a It doe In the North. In Vir
ginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama,
it nearly drown all other noises.
W are unable to understand why Uie editor of
the Sentinel who drinks all Democrat "tupid and
fool-hardy" who hesitate to cacopo from the (roe
Stati, can make up his mind to stay a single day
in the District of Columbia. According to authen
tic information, the rattling of Samuel's nether ex- (
trcuiity In that district upon two recent occasions
was perfectly awful to baton to. Even now tin
monster i coiled In tht district for (strike, looking
for all the world like a tremendous coil of rope. If,
however, our good friend, who is truly a clever a
gentleman a ever lived, is "fool-hardy" enough to
remain, we tako the liberty of suggesting to him
that an abundance of good liquor has been found
by trial to be an infallible remedy for a snake-bite.
We know the prescription will be nupslatable, but
anything must be submitted to for th saving of
precious life. Louittille Journal.
Your "friend of the Sentinel" must cer
tainly bo a very dull sort of a chap, and in
ferior in point of insiinct to the brute crea
tion, if he needs such suggestions from you
or any body elso. The beasts of the field
are said to possess a sort of medical instinct
which leads them to an infulliblo panacea
for a snake bite. We never heard of a
snake bit cow walking into a grocery, or
standing before the door of one, aud bellow
ing for a bottle of brandy, to quiet her ago
ny, simply becnuso her instinct leads her to
to tho vcgctnblo kingdom, whilst man being
an omnivorous animal, possesses ait instinct
w hich impels him to search for remedies in
a vast number of directions.
As soon as tho great snuko which throw
the Sentinel into convulsions was said to
have commenced crawling towards Oregen,
and long before his rattlo was heard west of
tho Cascades, the instinct of the Statesman
drove him and his followers right into tho
grog-shop, for a preventive to the bite, rath
er than a remedy for a poison, which, instead
of having been lodged in their "cnlves"
was quietly reposing under the fangs of
"Samuel,'' far towards tho rising sun.
Tho sagacious Statesman, truo to the in
stincts of tho genus demagogue, discovered
just what you so kindly suggest to the Sen
tinel, and even more, for we presume that
you aimed to recommend whisky, Bimply as
a cure, and not a preventive.
As a "lamac hin tiee," directed merely by
instinct, in the pursuit of remedies, and pre
ventives, he certainly puts to blush all of his
trans-mountain coadjutors. He surely bos
tho honor of being tho first journalist with
in our knowledge, who has openly recom
mended tho free uso of whisky by tho fa
thers, mothers and daughters of Oregon, as
a safe aud wholesome stimulus, and who
openly advocates tho licensing of brothels,
by the public authorities, as a better safe
guard of virtue, than tho interdiction of such
establishments by law,
Tho "Danner of,Libcrty"(nism) itself,
which may be looked upon as a fair expo
nent of the system of ethics, popular with
tho ''Five Point populace, has never dared
to go so far as that.
We suppose that tho timous promulga
tion of these sentiments has been considered
tho very best course that could be taken to
effectually stop the dreadful serpent "Sam
uel" right, at the threshhold of every door
You aro right, Trentice, when you sug
gest tho idea that although "Sam" is a great
and terrible snake, as big as an anaconda, as
vicious as a sea-monster, and much more
terrible and "forky" than either, yet nothing
will sooner causo him to crawl out of his
palh, and "go clear round" his intended vic
tim, than to see the poor frightened fellow,
with blood-shot eyes and dishevelled hair,
hanging on with his teeth to the "worm of
the still" like "grim death to a dead nigger.
fr bhv ma rlinnflra to riisnute the truth of
this, let him put us to the proof.
The Negro an the Ham. .
In the Callao (Peru) News of Feb. 10th
we read as follows :
Htadt Win. The approaching Carnival
season promises to be rich, rare and in
teresting in its character. By reference to
our advertising columns it will be seen, that
a hutting match is in contemplation between
the steward of the Wild Pigeon and a ram
celebrated for his strength and courage.
It is almost unnecessary to add that the
challenging party is a colored man. Some
idea of tho stacngth of his skull may be
formed from the fact of his having a day or
two since butted in the head of a porter cask
upon which a heavy hammer would make
A prohibitory liquor bill has paaied one branch
of the Nora Scotia legialature, and there was UtUe
dvubt of its becoming a law.
Popular Movtmcat agatast the MrlUu
A rlt orrery.
The mismanagement on the part of Biitub offl
clals, both civil and military, bich has marked
the whole course of tho war with Uussia, has bad
the effect, finally, to open the eyes of the people of
Great Britain to die utlej incapacity "( that obi
who have ever cluiinoJ an excluaito iljjhl lo every
pukitiim of honor or emolument, nuJ In whuee pre
tensions iu Uil regard all other dames have hero-itf-'K
acquiesced. Till discovery of Uie incompe.
' " f y their i ' ; y s a well it might, created
,i mu'.Ii 'Jicii . . uoug the people of Great
,,hiu:.',AUd k -1 mow ucmg uiaeu uy uicm,
tendiii j the .rtii.ow of the absolute domino--K4?
of Ut'irutojcracy. Tne Lor.Jon eorrenpoud
ent of tho Boston Post, under date of Feb. S3, re
marks : Free Preii.
"From a very considerable acquaintance with
intelligent and leading mn in Uie middling rauks,
both in town and country, I am led to the conclu
ion that no mere change in tlio miuiitry, no dis
solution of Parliament and a new house, which
alioll nut bring more of a popular element Into the
government, will evor allay the present excitement.
A secret league i forming itself, the head-quarters
ti( which are in Uiis metropolis, which is intended
to embrace every freeholder in the kingdom; and
it is deetlned to extend itself to every towu, village
and hamlet on Uie island, lis constitution contains
nuUiing obnoxious to law and order, nor do its by
laws present any points which tho authorities can
reach. Il purpose i to effect a complete revolu
tion In Uie governing power by mean of votes giv
en for member of Parliament to obtain, through
it own power, Uie right kind of representatives,
and through those representative a repeid of the
laws of entail and all other laws which entrench
Uie aristocracy In Uieir hitherto impregnable posi.
tion. . Tens of thousands of Uie most intelligent of
the merchant", furmcrs, manulacturors, artisans,
and business men of Uie kingdom, are already num
bered in Uie ranks of this league, and a unity of no
tion is already being produced which will sensibly
affect an election, should Lord Pahnerston, as is
probable, be obliged to appeal to the country.
There is but one sentiment regarding the incapac
ity of Uie aristoaracy longor to hold the whole pow
er, and it need only that that sentiment should find
expression in a constitutional manner, to metamor
phose England into a country of real freedom."
llaow Nothtnglsm A. Worthy Tribute.
We clip the following passage from the leading
editorial of Uie lost Richmond Christian AJvorote,
(MothoJist.) The whole article was designed to
vindicate MeUiodUm from certain misrepresenta
tions which the writer conceived hod appeared in
the political press, and has Immediate reference
to a preceding article of the same character, upon
whlch.the Enquirer had freely ooiuinented. The
views and opinions contained in the extract aro
manly and honest, and wo therefore give thein a
plaoe in our columns: Sacramento Union.
We intended no defence of Know Kothiiigism.
We have no occasion to defend them, and aro un
der no obligations to do so. We have no connec
tion whatever with tho order. . But we do not
scruplo to say that, if we rightly undeistand thoir
opinions as to the naturalization laws of the coun
try, and the political charactor of Popery, wo have
nothing to say against Uicm. We reg.ird the Uni
ted States as a Protestant country. We believe it
ought to be governed by its native citizens, without
the interference of the hordes of ignorant infidels
or priest-ridden Romanists who arc Hocking to our
shores. Wo believe Popery to be more of a polit
ical than a religious organization, that it interferes
with political matters in every section of our land,
and that it will play traitor to the liberties of Amor
ica, as it has Judos to religion. Wo would not
trust it with civil liberty or religious rights no, not
for a moment. These are our convictions. We
utter them without asking the leavo of any politic
al party. We do not intend to be misunderstood
on this point Wo, therefore, on tho whole, re-af
firm the sentiment with which wo closed our lost
Why the Fourth of March was Helectea.
The Portland Advortisur, correcting Uie blun
dering statement which every year or two goes Uie
round of (he papers, to tho effect that the fourth of
March was selected as tho beginning of Uie Presi
dential term because it will not full on Sunday for
three hundred years to onme, says :
' "The selection of Uie fourth of March as the day
for Uie beginning of the presidential term seems to
have been Uie result of accident. Tho old Conti
nental Congress, when tho ratification of the new
Constitution by Uie necessary numbor of states had
been ascertained, passed a resolution, Sept. 13th,
1788, appointing Uie first Wednesday of the next
January for Uie choice of presidential electors, Uie
first Wednesday of February for the election of
President and Vice President, and the first Wed
nesday of March as the timo for the organization of
Uie new government Tho first Wednesday of
March, in the year 1780, happened to be the fourth
of March, and a Uie administration which began
. 1 1! ' . 1 . . " 1... . 1 . 1
on tnai cay was uiiuieu w wur years uy uie vuir
stitution, Uie next and all succeeding administra
tions have begun on this day of the mouth." v
Tweaty Yean Married and JuhI henna to
A woman in Connecticut, whose husband had
peen reclaimed from drunkenness, through tho in
strumentality of the Maine Law, said to a phy
cian, a short time since, "I have been married
twenty years, but it seems as if my husband and 1
had just begun to live together. Talk about hard
times f I never bad such easy time. Tea, sugar,
flour in abundance, two pigs in the barrer, and
twenty-five dollars due my husband, when he has
fininhed a iob of work. Formerly, when he had
butchered his pork, he could do nothing but drink,
and carouse the remainder of the day. 1 uis year
he got up bis team and brought borne a load of
Is it strango that wuraan believed in the virtue
I of the Elaine Law f
'Vive Dollar a Year.
TUB HVMMV.IV HI IX.
V M. LOl'IKA CIIITWOOl).
I remember a summer rill, '
It comes to my henrt to-duy ) '
Shall I tell you Uie sung It suug
As it rippled In light away t
Over the smooth white atone . ,
A V here the dreamy gold-fish slept (
And this Is the song it sung,
As on its light it crept
''Tlio world may strive to win
Thee from Uiy truth away ;
But taste not, touch not the shining cup
Wherever on earth you stray."
0 Uiat bjuuie summer rill;
Where Uie buttorcu used to blow,
And liouey-bee dreamed all day
Iu tho duisy's breast of snow.
How I loved it murmurs soft,
- They are coming bock to mo,
And the word of that long forgotten sung
Sliull I tell it again to thea 1
"The world may wish to win
Thee from thy truth away;
Bnt taste not, touch not the shining cup
Wherever or earth you stray."
1 went to tho winning world, ' '
And heard the tempter's song,
I forgot the sung of the summer rill,
As it gently swept along j '
I tasted the sparkling cup . ' ' . .
And it stole my truth away
The (orpcut wa coiled iu tho shining wave,
It stiugeth my heart to-day.
O, could I return ouce more '
To the home of my early youth,
I would ponder well e'er I took the eup
To po'sou my love and truth. '
The New Vostage Law,
Tho following notice concerning the execution
of the new postage law, by which all letters must
bo prepaid,' hi a matter of universal Interest, nnd
accordingly we print it in this conspicuous position:
rosT-Ovrica, New York, March 24, 1855. '
Notice is hereby given tliat in accordance w ith
tho act of Congress, passed March 3, 1S55, from
and afler the 1st of April next letters will not he
dispatched from this office, in tho mails, unless the
postage thereon is prejiaid, except only letters ad
dressed to places beyond the limits of the United
States, in those cases in which such loiters cau now
be sent without prepayment.
Inquiries having been mado nt tli's office in re
spect to tho proposed disposition of letters deposited
without prepayment, a letter from Horatio King,
sq., tiio First Anistiuit Postmoater General, is
subjoined hereto, cuiuiiiuuiouling Uie hiHtructions
ofthe Poet Otlioe Department upon this and oUior
point of interest to the public.
. , I. V. FOWLER, Postmaster.
roBTOmCB DKrASTMENT, )
ArroiNTMKKT Orrica, March 22, 1855. j
Sir : Your letter of the 20th inst. Is received.
In answer, I am directed by tho Postmaster-Gene
ral to inform you
1. The act of 3d of March, lS."i.ri, making no
provision for unpaid loiters to place within the
United States, on the same or day following any
sueh unpaid lettoror letters being put into the Post
OHico, tho rostmastor thereof will post up conspic
uously in his office a list of the same, stating that
hey nro held for postngo, If not attended to, such
letters must ho returned monthly to the Dead Let
2. Letters part paid should he dixpatched, charg
ed with the additional postage duo nt the prepaid
rate, according to dislanco established by said act,
except where Uie omission to pay the correct
amount is known to bo intentional, when they
should be treated the sumo as letters wholly un
3. It is proper to forward n letter when request
ed in writing. When forwarded, no adilitioual
postage should be charged if the letter, contrary to
its address, has been niisseiit. If it has been sent
according to Its address, and then forwarded, lt
must be charged with additional postage at the
prejiaid ratu, according to distance established by
octof March 3, 18.j.r), aforesaid. .,
4. Ship letters, as they cannot bo prepaid, and
are not supposed to be embraced in the new net,
will continue to be dispatched agreeably to the pro
visions of the fifteenth section of Uie act of March
3, 1855. i; ' ' .
I am, respectfully, your obedient servant,
. , ItOUATIO KING,.
First Assistant Postmaster-General.
I. V. Fowi.e, Postmaster, N. Y.
One of the groat secrets of health is a
iflit supper, and vol it is a great self-denial,
when one is hungry and tired nt the close
of tho day, to cat little or nothing. Let
such a ono take leisurely a single cup of tea
and a piece of cold bread with butter, and
ho will leave the tablo ns fully pleased with
himself and all the world, as if he bad eaten
a heavy meal, and tenfold the bettor for it
the next morning. Tuke any two men
under similar circumstance, strong hard
working men of twenty-five years j let one
take hia bread and butter with a cup of tea,
and the other a hearty meal of meat, bread,
potatoes, and the ordinary etceteras, an the
last meal of the day, and I will venture to
afCrm, that tho tea-dnuker will outlive the
other thirty years.
The Striken. Tho calkers in the Navy
Yard, who struck for higher wages on Fri
day last, have not had their demand acced
ed to, and yesterday, as we understand,
they settled up with "Uncle fcam," and
marched out of the Yard single file with
their boxes on their shoulder.
Th IjisI Msnrthf the Kwror XlchaUa
, O the 1st but.,a violent fever mauifestod Itself,
and on th 3d III Emperor calmly received tli
oommuuicaliou from Dr. Msudi' llut atrophy of
the lungs wa possible. II simply obwu-rodl
Whea shall I be paralysed V Th phyeiu
eould not five a precise answer. The Emperor
thea said to Dr. Cure II: "When shall I eliok T"
Th Emperor look th lost sacraments, and took
lean of hi wife and children, whom he blessed
separately, as also his grandchildren, in a firm
voice, in full possession of Urn intellects, pwlecuy
calm, aud with great pr. souc of miud. .
Th Journal dee Dedate ay i "Th Emperor
Nicholas ha not died suddenly ( be had beea UI
for twelv days before. We bare before u let
ters from St. Petersburg of Uie 17th ultimo, which
state that th Emioror then kept lib bed by order
of his firt physician, MandU '1 he Empr we
also ill and eoufined to her bed, aud a Uie apart
ment occuuied bv tho Emperor aud Empress are
situated one on the rrouud floor and Uie oUier os)
the first floor of th palace, Uiey had n direct
communication, aud did not see each ether. The
Emiieror must have called the Empress to him, a
w know, from a telegrapblo dispatch, that before
hi death lie had assembled roand him all th
members of his family preasut at St, Pttrsbr la
order to give Uiem hi blessing.
Our eorreMKinent attribute th illn of the
Kinm-mr t a cold. Notwitlistaudinff the severity
of the weather he continued his uxual occupations)
he was desirous to ce everything for himself and
in th most minute details ; he visited tho soldier
In their barrack i li passed long aad frequent re
view, fomettiul the precautious which hi age re-
ouired in such a climate and in such a severe sea
son. To all the observations mado to him by hi
children and his most devoted servants, he replied
that he bed something else to d beside taking
care of hia hoallh. Ho had, however, attended U
it for more lliau a Year past, aud at time felt soma
uneasiness,' II said Uiat ha had reached, ssi
even exceeded, Uie number of yer whioh Uod
had allowed to other of hi race, and that hi
eud was not for distant. Ho bad treated himself'
uccordini to his own idea i he had Insisted ou bi
physician putting him en a regimen which weuld
provenl hi getting corpulent, of which ba bad a
singular dread. What change ha takeu jdae
siuuo the lUUi February 1 It is said that he bad
an attack of nnonleiv. or of paralysis of the lungs.
That was a thing-which Dr. Mandt bad not an
ticipated, for at thai lime he felt no alarm, and
hi language wa most satisfactory. 1 h imporor
Kicliole was, moreover, subject to attack of goat,
aud at tlio commencement of hi) illnes he bad
felt some symptom of It,
The new Sovereign of Russia was initiated at
au early nge into the affuirs of the empire by th
Emperor bis father j lis was prerent at all the
councils: he was Invested with situation which
gave him frequent opportunities of rendering him
self useful to the army, and please the youth of Uie
schools. Whenever the Emperor Nicholas quitted
tho capital, he loft Uio supreme direction or uie
government lo his eon, and in abort he had taken
the utmost pains to prepare him to becomo his
successor.' . ' 1 ' '
The Grand Duke Alexander is very popular hi
Russia, he is beloved and esteemed by the peoples
He will not exercise the great authority of hi
r,.il,.r forlm itiMsrint inherit either his hauteur
or his Inflexibility. He will rathe p!easo,"a tho
Emperor Alexander 1. did, by hi mildness and
his affability, and between the uncle and the
nophow Uioro is a very great siinilmnly of cuarac.
ter in Humorous ways. The new binpres is also
highly r-poken of, aud her elevated judgment
and ber conciliating manners aro much extolled.
It is thought that she will exercise a Mlulary in
fluence over Uio Emperor."
Thomas V. Meagher going to til Bar.
Mr. Tliiimas V. Mcnihcr has commenced tho
study of law, with a view to hia entering npon tho
profession of a counsellor, r or the lost uiree woeas
he has heon hard at work iu Mr. Robert Emmett'e
office, and no doubt with his classical education,
extensive general reading, nnd extraordinary mcm
irv. lm will make moid Droficioiicy in Ulaekstono,
Coke Ukui Littleton, Kent's Commentaries,' and
the Revised Statutes. With these nnd other ac
quisitions of legnl lore, added to his brilliant power
of oratory, ho will (oou shine an eloquent nnu ac
complished pleader at tho American bar. Mr.
Mcngher ha wisely chosen Ins prolcswoiif anu
there can bo no doubt of his success. Cititen.
X t'.urlous Calculation.
Tho nttthor of tho "Analysis of Moutal
Arithmetic," now before us, in his remarks
upon the system of notation by which num
hers aro expressed by figure) instead of
xoord, makes this curious statement : He
tay "If every number had a distinct primi
tive namo, it would bo utterly impossible
for any human intellect to leurn them, in
the longest life. They would form a vo
words than there are in
all other departments, in till the written
1 .i i i ii .1 i
auUspoKenon ine gtoue. u mey si
or names iitttead of figure) extended only
to a trillion, and were printed iu double
column octavo pages, with one hurrtlred
names on a page, and five hundred pa?cs iu
n volume, they would make twenty millions
of volumes ; a greater number of books,
probably, than there ore in all the public
libraries in the civilized world. And if a
person should read a pago in each successive
niinuto, night and day, Sunday and all, it
u-oiiU tuliH him more than nineteen thou
sand yeart, simply to read them over once.
Allowing eacu voiuuio to weigu i j j'ouuu,
their aggregate weight would ho fifteen IhAu
mud tent, which would load three thommd
freight cars, with five ton's apiece, or fill
thirty merchant ships, of the capacity of five
hundred tons burdun." ,' So much for tbo
uso of figures instead of words, to express
arithmetical numbers. Savannah Itqntb
tican. ' '
The Maine Legislature passed a law at ita
lato session, that no person of foreign birth
shall vote uniens he shows his naturalization
papers to "the authority," at least three
month before an eleetiou. - .The act took,
effect March 17. : .
James Allen, a seaman, returned to New
Bedford, in a whale ship, on Sunday week,
after a absence from tho United States of 31