The daily Astorian. (Astoria, Or.) 1961-current, July 22, 2016, WEEKEND EDITION, Page 7A, Image 7

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Trump upends decades of NATO
doctrine with views on treaty
Domestic furor,
unease abroad
Associated Press
lican presidential nominee
Donald Trump’s suggestion
that the United States might
abandon its NATO treaty com-
mitments has upended decades
of American foreign policy
dogma and doctrine in both
parties. It has created a domes-
tic furor and fueled angst not
only across Europe but in Asia,
where Trump’s complaints
about allies not paying their
own way have also resonated.
Trump’s mere musing that
he would review allies’ inan-
cial contributions in this case
those owed by Estonia, Lat-
via and Lithuania before acting
under NATO’s Article 5 mutual
defense clause if they were
attacked by Russia could rock
the foundations of the secu-
rity architecture that has under-
pinned European stability since
the end of World War II.
That possibility, and the
global instability that would
likely follow, is not some-
thing NATO leaders or their
nervous citizens will counte-
nance lightly, particularly since
they responded, without ques-
tion, under Article 5 when the
United States was attacked on
Sept. 11, 2001.
U.S. administrations have
complained, often bitterly, that
many NATO members are not
footing their share of the alli-
ance’s bills. The U.S. accounts
for more than 70 percent of
all NATO defense spending.
Only four other allies Britain,
Estonia, Greece and Poland
meet the minimum 2 percent
of gross domestic product on
defense that NATO requires.
But Trump’s loating the idea
that that spending target would
be a prerequisite for the U.S. to
defend them is an abrupt break
for the most powerful member
of NATO, which styles itself
as the most successful military
alliance in world history.
Estonian President Toomas
Hendrik Ilves noted pointedly
in a tweet that Estonia “fought,
with no caveats,” on behalf of
the U.S. in Afghanistan.
In 2002, the only time Arti-
cle 5 has ever been invoked,
NATO surveillance planes
patrolled American skies and
deployed a third of the troops
in Afghanistan for a decade.
More than 1,000 non-Ameri-
can troops died in Afghanistan.
“We are equally committed
to all our NATO allies, regard-
less of who they may be. That’s
what makes them allies,” Ilves
His fellow Eastern Euro-
pean leaders sought to calm the
“Regardless of who will be
the president of America, we
will trust in America,” Lithua-
nian President Dalia Grybaus-
kaite told reporters in Vilnius
in remarks that were echoed by
Czech Prime Minister Bohuslav
Sobotka. “The United States
always stood with nations
which were under attack and it
will continue doing so.”
NATO chief Jens Stolten-
berg said “solidarity among
allies is a key value for NATO,”
a stand that “is good for Euro-
pean security and good for U.S.
security,” he said. “
“The United States has
always stood by its European
allies. Now the U.S. is stepping
up its support once again, and
increasing its presence,” Stol-
tenberg said. The U.S. placed
new troops recently in Poland.
Yet, analysts and citizens
throughout Eastern Europe,
where fears of Russian aggres-
sion run high since it annexed
the Ukrainian region of Crimea,
expressed deep concern, nota-
bly since just two weeks ago
NATO-country leaders reaf-
irmed that they “stand together,
and act together, to ensure the
defense of our territory and
populations, and of our com-
mon values.”
In Warsaw, average Poles
were alarmed.
“His words were irresponsi-
ble and they inspired fear in me.
I’m worried about the world’s
future, about Poland’s future,”
said 39-year-old schoolteacher
Lidia Zagorowska.
“If I were a U.S. citizen
I would never ever vote for
Trump. Let that be my answer,”
said Katarzyna Woznicka, 54,
walking her dog in downtown
Clinton looks to steal Trump’s
thunder with her VP pick
Kaine a leading
Associated Press
lary Clinton moved closer to
introducing her running mate,
snatching attention from newly
crowned Republican nomi-
nee Donald Trump just hours
after he closed out his conven-
tion with a iery and forebod-
ing turn at the podium.
Crews were still sweep-
ing confetti from the GOP
convention hall loor, as the
Clinton campaign signaled an
announcement was coming
soon. In a tweet Friday morn-
ing, her campaign urged sup-
porters to text the campaign
to get irst word. Virginia U.S.
Sen. Tim Kaine had emerged
as the leading contender,
according to Democrats famil-
iar with Clinton’s search.
The news could quickly
steal Trump’s thunder. In an
75-minute speech Thursday
night, Trump made force-
ful promises to be the cham-
pion of disaffected Ameri-
cans, capping his convention
on a high note for the party,
not a moment too soon after
shows of disharmony and
assorted lubs before the four-
day closer.
Speaking to “the forgot-
Trump promises that
‘safety will be restored’
formally accepts
for president
Associated Press
ing America in crisis, Don-
ald Trump pledged to cheering
Republicans and still-skepti-
cal voters Thursday night that
as president he will restore the
safety they fear they’re los-
ing, strictly curb immigration
and save the nation from Hil-
lary Clinton’s record of “death,
destruction, terrorism and
Conidently addressing the
inale of his party’s less-than-
smooth national convention,
the billionaire businessman
declared the nation’s prob-
lems too staggering to be ixed
within the conines of tradi-
tional politics.
“I have joined the political
arena so that the powerful can
no longer beat up on people
that cannot defend themselves,”
Trump said.
The 71-year-old celeb-
rity businessman’s acceptance
of the Republican nomination
caps his improbable takeover
of the GOP, a party that plunges
into the general election united
in opposition to Clinton but still
divided over Trump.
His address on the closing
night of the convention marked
his highest-proile opportunity
yet to heal those divisions and
show voters he’s prepared for
the presidency. Ever the show-
man, he fed off the energy of the
crowd, stepping back to soak in
applause and joining the dele-
gates as they chanted, “USA.”
As the crowd, iercely
opposed to Clinton, broke out
in its oft-used refrain of “Lock
her up,” he waved them off, and
instead declared, “Let’s defeat
her in November.” Yet he also
AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster
Businessman Donald Trump, the Republican nominee
for president, speaks during the final day of the Repub-
lican National Convention in Cleveland Thursday night.
accused her of “terrible, terri-
ble crimes” and said her great-
est achievement may have been
staying out of prison.
He offered himself as a
powerful ally of those who
feel Washington has left them
“I’m with you, and I will
ight for you, and I will win for
you,” he declared.
He accused Clinton, his
far-more-experienced Demo-
cratic rival, of utterly lacking
the good judgment to serve in
the White House and as the mil-
itary’s commander in chief.
“This is the legacy of Hillary
Clinton: death, destruction, ter-
rorism and weakness,” he said.
“But Hillary Clinton’s legacy
does not have to be America’s
In a direct appeal to Amer-
icans shaken by a summer of
violence at home and around
the world, Trump promised that
if he takes ofice in January,
“safety will be restored.”
As he moves into the general
election campaign, he’s stick-
ing to the controversial propos-
als of his primary campaign,
including building a wall along
the entire U.S.-Mexico border
and suspending immigration
from nations “compromised by
But in a nod to a broader
swath of Americans, he said
young people in predominantly
black cities “have as much of
a right to live out their dreams
as any other child in America.”
He also vowed to protect gays
and lesbians from violence and
oppression, a pledge that was
greeted with applause from the
“As a Republican, it is so
nice to hear you cheering for
what I just said,” he responded.
Trump was introduced
by his daughter Ivanka, who
announced a childcare policy
proposal that the campaign had
not mentioned before.
“As president, my father
will change the labor laws that
were put in place at a time when
women weren’t a signiicant
portion of the workplace, and
he will focus on making quality
childcare affordable and acces-
sible for all,” she said.
Trump took the stage in
Cleveland facing a daunting
array of challenges, many of his
own making. Though he van-
quished 16 primary rivals, he’s
viewed with unprecedented
negativity by the broader elec-
torate, and is struggling in par-
ticular with younger voters and
minorities, groups GOP leaders
know they need for the party to
The irst three days of this
week’s convention bordered
on chaos, starting with a pla-
giarism charge involving his
wife Melania Trump’s speech
and moving on to Texas Sen.
Ted Cruz’s dramatic refusal to
endorse him from the conven-
tion stage.
AP Photo/Andrew Harnik
A photograph of Democratic presidential candidate Hil-
lary Clinton is displayed on a smartphone as she takes a
selfie with a supporter after speaking at a rally at the Culi-
nary Academy of Las Vegas in Las Vegas Tuesday.
ten men and women of our
country,” the people who
“work hard but no longer
have a voice,” he declared: “I
am your voice.” With that, he
summed up both the paradox
and the power of his campaign
— a billionaire who made
common cause with struggling
Americans alienated from the
system, or at least a portion of
Democrats offered a dif-
ferent assessment, with Clin-
ton campaign chairman John
Podesta arguing that Trump
“offered no real solutions to
help working families get
ahead or to keep our coun-
try safe, just more prejudice
and paranoia. America is bet-
ter than this. America is better
than Donald Trump.”
Clinton opens a two-day
campaign swing Friday in
Florida and is expected to
introduce her running mate
either at a Friday afternoon
rally at the state fairgrounds in
Tampa or on Saturday at Flor-
ida International University in
Kaine, 58, appeared to be
the favorite for her choice,
according to two Demo-
crats, who both cautioned
that Clinton has not made a
decision and could change
The Democratic conven-
tion in Philadelphia, which
starts Monday, is expected to
be a more orderly affair than
the Republican event in Cleve-
land. Clinton is, if anything,
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