Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Corvallis times. (Corvallis, Or.) 1888-1909 | View Entire Issue (July 24, 1906)
iff r t: t: . Oil
K rrf 0 rV ITV AV
CORVALLIS, OREGON. TUESDAY EVENING, JULY 24; 1906.
b,, Htvrra am
Great reductions made in all our departments on
price of every article. Big stock from which
to make your selections.
A Lot of childrens shoes sizes
1 1-2 to 2 1-2 at 50c.
A big lot of boys clothing, age 4 to
ially low price.
All Summer dress goods goes
our offerings and
j No Prizes go with our
Chase & Sanborn Higb Grade
In fact nothing goes with our coffee but cream, sugar and
P. M. ZIEROLF.
.. cole agent for
Chase & Sanborn Higb Grade
New Sporting Goods Store.
A new and complete line consisting of
Bicycles, Guns, Ammunition.
Fishing Tackle, Base Ball Supplies,
Knives, Razors, Hammocks. Bicycle Saundries
In fact anything the sportsman need can
be found at my store. .
Bicycles and Guns for rent. General Repair Sho.
All "Work Guaranteed.
Ind. Phone. 126.
If you are looking for some real good bargains in
Stock, Grain, Fruit and Poultry Ranches, write for "our
special list, or come and see us. We take pleasure in
giving you all the reliable ' information you wish, also
showing you over the country.
AMBLER & WAITERS '
Real Estate, Loan and Insurance '
Gorvallis and Philomath, Oregon.
10 years at spec-
at a big discount,
SUGAR TRUST TYRANNY
OVER ITS MEN WORSE THAN
THAT OF THE "JUNGLE."
The "System" ot the Sweltering
Refineries What Goes to Make
the Little White Lump
From Cuba to Dirty
Wharves of Wil
liamsburg. . This ie the p'ain story cf .sugar
land its slaves in New York. They
, make that pretty crystal lump of
' bweetness which jou drop ioto your
morning cup of coffee. It looks so
clean and teems eo pure white that
never a suspicion rises in the mind
of the taints mixed therein and the
horrible conditions under which it
is produced. Wnat really goes to
make this little lump is:
Ona ounce of sugar cane,
One dash of dirt,
One pound of fieeh,
One quart of human sweat,
Twelve hours or slave-driven la
bor, One half-starved family, ,
One corrupted United States Sen
One hundred per cent, trust profit.
If you look along the Brooklyn
shore of the East River just above
the new Williamsburg bridge you
will see a series of tall, dingy, red
brick buildings lining the water
front. These are the refineries of
the Sugar Trusts, of which the
Havemeyer are principal owners.'
In the United' States senate are
men who have ' profited by Wall
street transactions in Sugar Trust
stock. Eiverton R. Chapman,! a
broker, once went to jail for refus
ing to tell the senhte who of thcte
mm were his customers iu sugar
SDeculatioLB when favored legisla
tion was being micted.
'Under the Bbadow of the tall re
fineries are hundreds of small hous
es of mtan and equalid type. They
shelter a swarming population of
workers that go and come in day
and night ehifts from the great es
tablishment. The man who leaves
hid home at 6 o'clock in the morn
ing to btgin work gives his bed to
the tired laborer who has just end
ed a nighi' tour of duty and sleeps
all day. Neither factory or bed is
ever empty. The hours of labor
aie Continually measured only by
human endurance. :' Twelve hours
are reckoned an easy day, but when
fourteen, sixteen and eighteen hours
are passed under the spur of driv
ing loreman, your lump of sugar
contains very nearly a human life.
It has had other ingredients, too.
It was not always so clean and
white and so delicately handled. It
came from Cuba, or perhaps from
far-off Java, in the hold oi a ship.
The cane that prew on' the tropical
plantation was crushed in a mill
and tbe sweet juice flowed out to be
boiled aud cryetalized into coarse
brown euga-. It was packed in
bags, and finally laid on the dirty
wharf in trout of the sugar refiner
ies. There it was turned over to
the Lithuanians and Poles, the su
gar slaves, for refinlog. They
6hovi-led the tugar like coal. They
handled it as they would sand it
reremtiles. It was dumped into
bin?, it was boiled in caldrons, it
was run through pipes, it was mix
ed with bone dust to clarify it, it
was run over dirty floors, trampl 1
aod often times ground with dht.
At I2 o'clock noon yeterday the
whistle blew on the tall refinery.
Half an hour was given for dinner.
Hundreds of men, clad only in un
dershirts dripping with sweat and
blue overall trousers, rushed out
for a breath of air and a can of
Their months parched for beer.
It eeems to be the only thing that
quenches the thirst. Ice wat r gives
them cramps and makes their heads
hurt in the intense heat. Various
drinks have been tried, but beer
still remains the favorite. The av
er ge worker who earns $10 per
week spends $2 of it for beer.
"Half of you stay here and clean
up," ordered the foreman on each
floor. - - .- -. - . v ,- ":"-7 ":
Then began the weekly "cleaning
of the refinery floor. It is no easy
job of sweeping and scouring. Pick
and ax take the place of broom and
mop: The hot,; sticky sugar that
has spilled and leaked in the pro
cess of refining dries into a hard
maBS on the' cement and iron floors.
It is tramped on by the' men and
mixed with the dirt and debris'
of a great factory. Many of the
workmen chew tobacco and spit
freely on the floor., On rainy days
their boots bring in the mud of the
street. On some floors the men
wear no shoes and go about in bare
feet. Drawing-room manners are
hardly to be observed, where the
temperature is always above . loo
degrees' and men are working day
and night with brute strength.
On the mixing floor, where the
raw sugar first is dumped from the
bags, and on the packing floor,
where the refined product is run in
to barrels, the refuse is deep. It is
like a hardened bed of cement, a
sticky brown mess that has become
solid as a street pavement.
The men dig it up in cakes and
blocks. From other floors come
the drippings. Not a pound of su
gar is wasted. , The rough brown
bags that have brought the raw
product from Cuba are put through
a steaming process and every drop
of clinging sweetness drained from
Is this sticky, dirty mess of
sweepings of tbe refineries thrown
away or put to some baser use? No,'
indeed. Back into the boiling vats
it g'oes; on through the clarifiers
and the drying drums it runs until
it comes out the white lump of su
gar that you drop in your morn
ing coffee. You touch it only with
tbe silver tongs and handle it eo
daintily. The treatment of that
lump has not always been so care
fol. : ; -: '
Labor in the sugar refineries is
as near to slavery as can be devised
by modern bueinsss methods. No
man is forced to work there,' nor is
he obliged to remain. So far as
physical restrain is concerned,' he
is free; but once caught in the
meshes of the sugar system he be
comes a slave, body and soul, sweat
ing his life away tor pittance wages
and struggling every waking hour
to make monay enough to buy food
and shelter. The Poles no longer
write home urging their country
men to come over and enter the bu
"Will your son go m'o the sugar
houses when he grows up? was
atked of one worker.
The man raised bis eyes toward
heaven and stretched out his arm
in a jesture to shield the lad
"God forbid," he said. "Any
thine but that.
Out in the jungle of Chicago's
stockyards there are other Pnl-s
and Lithuanians. They slaughter
cattle snd pack meat. Their life
and their hardships have been pic
tured in minute detail recently
They labor bard for 10 hours a day
but they are able to nee to better
nay positions. Yet tbe whole world
has raised in indignation and hor
ror over their condition.
There is no jungle around the re
fineries of Brooklyn. There is dirt,
but no indescribable filth.' There
is no decaying of meat nor eicken
ing smells. But the Lithuanians
and Poles who labor here suffer
more than their brothers in Chlca
eo; they work harder; they work
longer hours for lees pay, and in
tbe heat of their factory the giaot
of the jungle would become as weak
as a babe.
. In these torrid days 01 summer
the refineries become boiling, siz
zling caldroDs of intense heat, in
which thousands of men are labor
ing with might and main, stripped
almost to natceaness. inenot air
seems to scorch their lungs as they
breathe it in. The sweat runs from
them in tiny streams. Their skin
ji bai( ed white. Their muscles
become tired and weak. I heir
heads grow dizzy; things begin to
go round and round before their
eyes. Then they diop to the floor.
"Get him to the ice-box, com
mands the foreman. The uncon
seious sufferer is thrust into a rough
box packed around with ice. Tbe
boiling blood inside his veins is
cooled. Sometimes he revives
sometimes he does not. The am
bulance dashes deep into the re fin
ery. It is only three abort blocks
to tbe hospital. The foreman mere
ly notes the hour. The victim's pay
stops when be lalls.
The refineries are simply huge
steam kettles. Always it is boil
boil, boil.' steam, bake and dry
with temperatures of loo, ld,; 2oo
and even 24o in the great caldroDs
vats and pipes. Around them 'stand
the workmen, who . earn 14 1-2
cents per hour, or $1.74 per day, if
they work frbm 6 A." M. to 6 P. M.
without stopping. In these mid
summer days, when even the shad
Bp offices, stores and shops are op
reepsively warm, the sugar-worker
amid his boiling caldrons and on
Continued on page 4.
A LIEUTENANT AND TWELVE
PRIVATES AND A SCOUT
Regulars Ordered Out Major Ne
ville Reports That 400 to 10C0
of tbe Insurgents are in
the Field Other News.
Manila, July 23, A detachment
of Constabulary, Lieutenant .Wil
liams commanding, encountered a
band of 600 Pulajanes near Buraen,
on the Island ot Leyte. yesterday
mbrning. Lieutenant Worswick,
I2 privates and Civilian Spoilt Mc-
Bnde were killed.
The constabulary were driven
back. . The Pulajanes secured I4
rifles and two revolvers. The bod
ies of Worswick, McBride and . ten
privates were recovered. Reinforce
ments of constabulary have been
sent from the nearest station.
Major Nevill, commanding the
military, has ordered a company of
tbe Twenty-fourth regular infantry
to be hurried to tbe scene. . Major
Neville reports that there are from
4oo to looo Pulajanes in the field.
Lieutenant Worswick was a grad
uate of the University of Kansas,
and was appointed to the , constab
ulary last February. He graduat
ed from the constabulary school
June 4, and this was his first bat-
tie, uuraen is situated in an iso
lated portion of Leyte.
Los Angeles, July 20 Sacrifice
by fire is the latest symptom of fa-
naticiem, of which the Holy Rollers
have given evidence. Immolation
of the oldest children is tbe pro
gram, unless tbe authorities inter
fere. This extreme manifestation
of religious frenzy has aroused the
little town ot Monrovia to a degree
that Marshal Miller has made it his
business t J attend the meetings of
the eect every afternoon and eve
ning, not knowing in what form
the lrenzy will break out next.
Neighborhood gossip has stirred
the townspeople because of the ru
mors that the eldest children
of certain families of the faithful are
being segregated to go through an
ordeal of purity, later to be paschal
lambs of slaughter.
A wave of Holy Rollerism has
swept along the Pacific coatt, but it
remained for Monrovia to reach the
radical stage. Two of the best
known adherents . of tbe faith are
known to have kept their oldest
children locked up at the home for
some time; and out of this has
grown the story that a sacrifice of
children will happen if the author
ities do not stop the fanatic ele
Laet night tbe sermon cf Evan
gelist Cook advocated self-immalu-tion
by fire. He said that it was a
Christian's noblest fate to die by fire,
to make himBelf a. living sacrifice
Fcrest Grove, Or., July 14.
Forest Grove narrowly escaped a
great catastrophe Friday night
about iO o'clock, when the tele
phone line got crossed with the trol
ley wire of the new electric car line,
thus sending over 550 volte over
the telephone wire, burning out
tbe switch and fuse board at cen
tral, setting the office afire in pla
ess, raising havoc, with over 5OO
private phones, starting a blaze in
Ssbultz's butcher shop and raising
a great disturbance in general.
The rope holding the trolley arm
down and in place became detach
ed. Tbe arm flew up and caught
oa to the telephone line, which
crosses the trolley wire in front of
McNamer's butcher shop. This
tore the phone wires from the insu
lators and brought them in direct
contact witn tne entire voltage re
quired to run the car and electric
lights. This was about o:15 and
Night Operator Ray Williams im
nediately felt the shock and lucki
ly . escaped ' being: electrocuted.
Young Williams is new at the bus
iness and didn't think aboout rip
ping out all the fuses, which would
have prevented most of the dam
age, bat instead turned the hose on
the burning switch and insulation
and caused a continuous current
over the whole affair, as. water is a
good conductor of electricity. The
water covered the' office floor and
the whole . room . became a strong
electrio battery. Williams saw that
he couldn't do anything with it, so
sent for Electrician Hughes, the
owner of tbe Hughes telephone.line,
who cut ou the fuses and checked
all further damage. Williams, die
covering the blaze ' in Schultz's
butcher's shop near by, broke into
tbe building and extinguished the
flames which might have caused
the destruction of the entire busi
Salem, Or., Jnly 20 Eor the
first time in the his o-y of the state,
practically every dolkr of the com
mon school fund is out oh interest.
The report of the state treasurer.
just fild, t-hows a balance of a little
over $70,000 in the fund, but ap
plications for loins to this amount
have been approved and the money
will be drawn from the treasury, in
a few days. Three years ago there
was idle money to the amouut of
$750,000 in the common school
fund. . The amount has gradually
decreased until it is all out at in
terest, chiefly on real estate loans.
The total amount drawing interest
is now elightly in excess of $4,ooo,
000, which sum is bringing 6 per
Lawn social at the Presbyterian
church next week.
Goats for Sale.
65 head. Inquire of G. Bareing
er, or Ind. phone 51 Oakridge line
Alsea party please notice.
Fine Platinums and Aristo Plati
no Photos at the Corvallis Studio.
One dollar reward is offered for
return of a lost cat, second-hand
oil stoves and other articles are of
fered at bargains, and many other
interesting announcements appear
in the advertising column?. Read
everything in tbe paper.
-Arthur Alexander has been given
a position in the v General Electrii
works at Portland. His mothei,
Mrs. Isbell and sister, Mrs. Keith
Brown left yesterday to join him,
expecting totake op their residence
Wed. July 25
From Albany, Corvallis and
Philomath. Leaves Albany
7:3o, Corval'is 8, Philomath
Returning leaves Newport at 5:30 arrives
Albany 10. Fare Albany. CorvalliB
and Philomath 51.50, Children $1.00.
For the benefit of those who do not care
to go on excursions on Sunday the C.
& E. has arranged to run the above
grand mia-week excursion.
Five and one half hours of fun and plea
sure at the briny deep.
Come and bring the children and
enjoy the day.
In the circuit court In the state of Oregon, for
Catherine Bcehtinger, Plaintiff,
Oregon and Calif.-rnla Railroad ;Co..
ana union Iru&i ixtaipany. .Den s.
To Union Trust Company, the above named de-
In the name of the state of Oregon you are
hereby summoned and reanired to appear and
answer the complaint of the plaintiQ In the
above entitled suit, la the above entitled
court, now on rile In the office of
the cleiE of said couit on or before the last day
of the time prescribed in the order for publica
tion of this summons made by the county j udge
of Benton county, state of Oiegon (which order
la hereinafter referred to) to-wit: August 31,
1906, and you are hereby notified that if you tail
to appear and answer the said complaint as
herein required, for want thereof the plaintiff
will apply to the above entitled court for the re
lief demanded in her said complaint, to-wit:
that the defendent O. & C. R. K. Co. make a
deed to plaintiff conveying the N. W. quarter of
N. W. quarter of Section 29, Township 13 S.,
R. S W., In Benton county, Oregon; that defend
ant Union Trust Company join in said deed,
and that if defendants refuse to make sach deed
then that the decree of the above entitled
conrt stand In lieu thereof.
This summons Is published In the Corvallis
Times newspaper once a week for six succes
sive and consecutive weeks, beginning with
the . Issue July 20, 1906 and ending with
the issue of August 31, 1906. In pursuance
ol the directions contained in an order
made by the Hon. . Woodward, county
judge of Benton county, Oregon, dated July
16, 1906. Date of first publication hereof ia July .
E. E. VflLSON.
.- ; v Plaintiffs Attorney,
' Best line of postal cards, " comics
and scenery, at the Bazaar.