Vol. XVIII.-No. 17. CORVALLIS, OREGON. TUESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 28. 1905. B.F. IRVINU Editor and Proprietor I DO YOU WANT wool Dress (foods attest? If so, you can have an immense and up to date stock from which to make your selections. No reserve. To heavy stock in this department the cause. Don't fail this opportunity to save dollars. Call and See. J. H, H&fcSIS; THE ROADS Don't Be Alarmed!! Unless it is by one of our Alarm Clocks, and you will be spared the annoyance of an alarm at the wrong time. Clocks guaranteed. A full line of Jewelry, 0. A. C. Pins, Optical Goods. Get one of our self-filling Foun tain Pens. Ve do all kinds of optical work. Eye strain, headache, relieved by a pair of our glasses. Pratt The' Jeweler 6c Optician. Licensed to Practice Optometry in the State of Oregon. LOOK OUT FOR Moses Brothers The Wide-a Wake and Up-to-Date Cash Store Open now for inspection our complete line of Hol iday goods. Toys and Dry Goods. Notions. Boots and. Shoe for Men, Women and children. Men and Boys Suits and Underwear. ; ; Ladies Skirts and Underwear. In fact anything you want. ; 1 Groceeies flour and feed. -3 Neatest line of fancy Dishes in city". - -Fruit, Vegetables,. Etc. ' ;! v ) ; Genuine Rodger Silverwae given away for a short i ' while. . . -i-. . .; : -f ..... v , I We make a spscialty of quick delivery, look out. f or wagon, listen for the bells. i j Independent; Phone 106. i ( Bell Phone 551.; - i 1 See our new store. I .rJWe try to please. p GOVERNMENT HELPEDBUILD RAILROADS, WHY NOT HELP BUILD HIGHWAYS. 1 A GOOD TENDER STEAK, VEAL, IVTUTTON CHOP, HAM OR BACON, CALL AT I The: City SMar We keep on hand all kinds of fresh and cured, meats, lard and sausage. Opposite Turnersjjrrocery. Both Phones v CADY & SCHWINGLER SATISFACTION GUARANTEED. Why, too, Should Not the Business Methods of Railroads B9 Ap plied to Public Roads? Good Thoughts on Good Roads. t In a discussion of the queetion embodied in my eubjsot it is neces sary to consider the country road as an independent branch of the gen eral common carrier route. , That is, it is a branch of the railroad or steamboat route, and in so consid ering it the necessity of calculating the relative proportion of the cost of transportation of the product of the productr and of those things the producer requires which should be credited or charged to the coun try, road is evident. The great trouble in our present transporta tion system is that the proportion of cost of handling freight and pas sengers on the county road or dirt road branch of the system is excessive.- -.. -...J . , - .The cause and the remedy are the proper things for discuseion in this and ' kindred . conventions. , ; They are the matters, alJssue, in connec tion witn tnis "good roaae; move-: ment, and every manner that may be suggested of developing the prop er plan for overcoming the dlmcul ties of transportation from the barn or field to the final, market where consumption takes place, is worthy of consideration by those looking fox light and mode of advancement. As is the relationship of. the coun try to the town, the rural to the ur ban, so is the wagon to the railroad or navigable waterway. We speak of railways and water ways as agen cies Of development, bui we must not overlook the country road as the original and perhaps pioneer agency. Before railroads were dreamed of, our forefathers devoted their time and talents to the devel opment of the country cart or wag on road, with a view to making it meet the requirements of permanen cy, and of utility at all seasons of the year. Had we not developed the railway, does any one doubt that the great national highway that was under construction from Washing ton to tot. Louis, Missouri, would have been extended to the Pacific coast, and that others of a' similar character would have been built by tne national . government all over the coQDtry with a view to, its , de velopmeut. 1,-t . tha . railway, through a rapidly developing knowl edge of the use of steam power, soon relegated tne national men way . as a route of transportation to the usaa which have been made of it and all other country roads ever since, that of feeders to the many lines that have been made to traverse this great continent, and of the water routes which connect with or paral lel them. v The lact that speed be came the recognized mercantile uni ty of value in r transportation., was the Drime cause of this, and the rel egation of the country road . system to the service of feeders as the more speedy system was but the natural result of theBe conditions. The producer baa ever looked for i a market for his product, and; be early realized that the market, most valuable to him was that one away from home, iWhere his product . was more in aemand, and .that r he re ceived better value for it, when he took-the product- to ; market, than when he waited for the market to come to him,. Perhaps in the latter, case he realized better , prices , occa sionally , but more often he failed in a market for reasons - recognized by all. i t - - -- - ' ' Railways, -and improvement . of waterways have each worked stead ily to bring (he markets nearer and nearer the producer; have , steadily, worked to the extension of the pror duction-area. r Yet with it all, ; the wagon road or cart load, has con- tinned to. be .the principal element fpr-the, spatterment of - civilization and of the extension - of productive area away from the ,main, routes, while, at the same timeit has been the principal element of cost to the producer in the marketing - of his product. - Very few producers ; of the raw material,that is to say other than of the metals, coal, iron, etc, are so fortunately situated as to be able to load their product, their grain, hope, or wool, stock, or even wood or lum ber, in the field where produced, or nearby and adjacent thereto; the vast majority find the distance to the depot or wharf a rather long one. It is evident therefore that the country road must be depended on to take the product to the -railway or the waterway, which acts as the common carrier for the district, serving here as the connecting link between the country road and the consumer, that the railway without the independent connecting braach the country road would there fare be an unprofitable venture, is evident. Taking this into consid eration it is easy to understand why the railway and steamboat and steamship companies take so greet aninterest in these "good roads" con ventions, and in the development leagues of the country. Everything that enlarges the power of the far mer to increase his production is in the interest of the railway and oth er common carrier lines, and every thing that serves to.ecoDomize the hours, that extend the power of the farmer to accomplish things in any way Increases his productive abili ty. Thus every hour or day of time taken from the time required by the producer to haul his product to- market increases the productive power of that farmer or producer by giving him increased time on the farm,- making possible his increased attention to the farm itself. Increased production naturally means increased carriage by trans portation routes. This means that the railways and other routes are thus gi ven an impetus that will lead through natural channels to in creased servioe through the . coun try, means increased attention to the needs and requirements of . the country. This may not have- been just exactly the policy on all the main lines of transportation in the past, but there is no question that it Is becoming mora and more their policy today and will be the policy of the future. However as everything has its compensating Bide or its opposite so has this matter of increased produc tion. While it requires added ser vice from the railroads, who will question that it requires added ser vice from thebraoches.as we are now in duty bound to recognize . the country roads to be? Increased production means increased tonnage and this means increased wear and tear on the country branch lines. That they will refuse to do their share of the service unless the own ers of these branch lines do their part toward maintaining them in a good state of repair, or of puttie g them in good repair must be as ev ident as that the railroad cannot handle the increased traffic with the old, facilities. . Here, therefore, is the work for the stockholders and directors of the branch system. Tney must prepare to handle their ( share of the business, and as the stock holders in these branch lines, like those of the main lines, want dividends, in decreased freight ex penses, the branches must be put in proper shape, and the stockholders will have to do as do the stockhold ers of the railway, provide the funds before they are earned. .What is wanted of the branch line, -.: the country road,, is a highway .that will permit the moving of , the freight with the least possible, ex penditure of power. The; economic question here is "cost of construc tion and maintainance ..of a good permanent highway versus cost of purchase of animals, rolling stock, and maintainance thereof,, together with added time required in deliv ery of products to f. market." The question is. whether it is cheaper to maintain the wagon roads in a high state, of efficiency; or to supply more power in the shape, of animals for draft purposes. Every animal that is, not a producer . per be is a drag on the farmer to the extent of the difference between his earning pow er and cost of bis keep. If two hors es are being kept' and good roads will make one do the. work the oth er horae'3 ; place. may. be, taken Jn the pastnre by a cow that will sup ply marketable product every, day. As it is today the average, .expense in hauling, over the.: ordinary dirt road is about 15 cents per ton pel mile, while the maximum in this valley can hardly' be arrived at. One man with a team of two horses can haul about a ton over an ordin ary dirt road, but give that road a hard smooth service and the haul ing capacity of that team is i ncreased wonderfully. That this will decrease the cost of marketiog the product FOUND GUILTY SENATOR BURTON AGAIN CONVICTED ON ALL POINTS. Accepted Fees for DoiDg Govern ment Buisness Shows No Sign of Emotion Applies for New Trial. St. Louis, Nov. 25. Ssnator J. R. Burton, of Kansas, was tonight found guilty on all six counts in the indictment upon which he has been on trial for the past' week 'in the United. States circuit court, charged with having agreed to ac cept and having accepted compen sation from the Rialto Grain & Se curities Company, of St. Louis, to appear for the company in-the ca pacity of an attorney before the postoffice department to prevent the issue of a fraud order. The verdict was ; brought in . at 12:50 o'clock, two hours and twen ty-five minutes after the jury had received the case. Senator Burton was ordered to appear in court Monday morning when, the counBet ; an nounced, a bill of exceptions would be . presented and an appeal asked tor. Court then adjourned. : From: the time , the jury went out, Burton was pacing the courtroom, with long, even strides. At . 12:40 there was a summons from the in side or tne room in wmcn tne jury had been confined considering its verdiet. .The marshal, upon being informed that an agreement had been reached, notified Judge Van devantor. Burton took his accustom ed seat at the table with his counsel. His features were set, but expressed no visible sign of emotion from, the time the jury entered the room un til the verdict had been read. His facial expression did not change during the reading of the verdict and the separate answers by the jury of "guilty" to each count. Burton, accompanied by hiscoon- sel, then departed for his hotel, The senator was permitted by the marshal to have his freedom on the promise of his counsel to produce him in court at 10 oclock next Mon day morning. The case was given to the jury at 10:35 o'clock tonight. For the first time during either of the former trials on the same charge, a. night session of court was : held. Argu mente by counsel occupied both the morning and afternoon;, and, as Judge Vandevauter was anxious to end the case this week, he announc ed that he would charge the jury tonight. Burton was indicted on eight counts, two of which were quashed before the case went to trial. The penalty provided by the statute is not more than two veart' impiison ment nor more than $10,000 fine on each count and a forfeiture for ever of tne ngbt to bold ary posi tion or trust . or profit under the United States government. At Summit. Mrs. I . D. Pittman is very ill. Mrs. W. A. McCullough and son Hugh of Albany, visit' d htr parents last week. Mrs. Yantis was on the sick list last week. Mr. and Mrs. Ling were pesaen gers for Albany Saturday. Tom and Frank Yantis arrived from Fossil Saturday to spend thanksgiving with the old Folks at home. continued on page 4. Robert McFarland this week. has been off H. F. Strouts had business in Al bany, Friday. Sevastopol, Nov. 25. The Bail ors of this port and the Brest regi ment have mutinied and joined tne workmen, who are holding a meet ing under the red flag. : The city is in a state of panic. The mutineers, carrying red nags, and accompaoied by a military band, marched to the railway sta tion and compelled employes to cease work. - - The sailors yesterday attempted to hold a meeting, and Rear-Admiral Pharevski announced that the meeting would be. dispersed by the use of firearms, whereupon the sailors fired on and ' wounded the admiral. Philomath Items. CorvalliB, Philomath Alex. Campbell, of spent a short time in Sunday. Mr. Schriber is busy with a force of men extending the new line of the Independent Telephone Co. up Greasy. The granddaughters of Mr. Cant are up from Portland on a visit. Mr. Williams is busy securing the right-of-way for the Corvallis waterworks ditch. A lively game of football waB played Saturday between, the col lege and town boys in whioh tha college hoys walked over the town boys in great shape. Eden Mow, of Veronia, arrived last week to attend school. Word was reached Saturday, that Chester Mason, grandson of Mrs Kisor, while working on a building in San Francisco, fell and fractured his skull and is not expected to live. Scott and Vanblaricom are build ing an addition to there store for a wareroom. Bishop Bell is herd from Califor nia assisting in the revival services. Two tickets are in the field for city election. WINTER RATES TO YAQUINA. BAY. Oregon's Great Recreation and Health Resort at the Newport - Beaches. Ae a winter health and recreation re sort Newport is the one par excellence. Recognizing this, and wishing to give the people an opportunity to breathe the fresh, pare ozone of the ocean, the Southern Pacific and Corvallis & East ern railroads will resume the sale of tickets through to Yaquina Bay on Sat torday, October 21, and will sell same throughout the winter and spring on ev ery Wednesday and Saturday. The rates will be the same as during the summer and will be good for return 30 days from, date of sale. Dr. Minthorn's sanitary sea baths will be in operation during the entire winter and treafmenta will be given daily. Hot and cold salt water baths can be taken every day in the sanitarium, and for any one desiring rest, recreation end health, no place on the .Pacific Northwest oan be found equal to Yaquina Bay. Neat, clean, cottages eithei furnished. or partly so; can be rented in the immed iate neighborhood of the sanitary baths about 5 per month. Plenty of fresh , vegetables, honey, fruit and all household necessaries can be obtained at the lowest passible cost, while all kinds offish and the famous rock oysters can Tat had in abundance for the trouble of" earing them. , Fall information as to rates, time ta ttles, etc can be obtarned on application to J. C. Mayo, Gen. Pass. agt. C, & E. R. R.; Albany; W. E. Coman, G. P, A. 8. P',; Co. Portland or to any S, P. or C. & E. agent. , Rate from Corvallis to Yaquina, fts-jo. Salem, Or., Nov. 24. Hollister Megorden, sentenced to die on the Bcaffold this morning at the state penitentiary, secured a stay of exe cution from the circuit coui t of Mal heur county, where he was convict ed, last night. Preparation for his execution had. been made i and the derth sentence was . to haxe been carried out at noon. Megorden, through his attorney, perfected his appeal to the supreme court and the papers, accompanied by the circuit judge's stay, reached this city last night. ... Megorden was convicted and sentenced to be hang ed for the murder of his wife. Common Colds are the Cause of Many Serious Diseases. Physicians who have gained a "national reputation as analysts of the cause of various diseases, claim that if catching cold could be avoided a .long Jiat of dangerous Ailments would neyer be heard of.: Everyone knows that pneumonia and consumption "originate from a cold, and chronic catarrh; bronchitis, and all throat and lung trouble are aggra vated and rendered more serious by each fresh ' attack. Do not risk your life or take chances when vou have a cold. Chamber Iain's Cough Remedy will cure it before these diseases develop. This remedy con tains no opiurn, morphine or other harmful drug, and, has thirty years of reputation back of it, gained by its cures under every condi tion. For sale by Graham & Wortham.