Corvallis Times Official Paper of Benton Cotinty. CORVALLIS, OREGON, FRIDAY EVENING NOV. 24, J905. PUBLISHER'S NOTICE. Hereafter the publication day of the Times will be Tuesday evening and Fri dy evening, instead of 'Wednesday and Saturday mornings.. For n years the paper has been actually appearing in the evening, though the following morning was given out as publication day.,. The cTianpfi mow announced ought to have -been made ii years ago. . . , THEIR CONVENTION. Good Roads men Governor Chamber Iain's Address Convict Labor. At eleven o'clock this morning the fourth annuaTconventioh of the Oreeon Good Roads Association came to an end, .after a series , of most profitable, and ..interesting sessions, j During the convention a vast fund of information was af forded on the subject of public highways, and a great interest was aroused in the topic by those, for tunate enough to be in constant or even in part attendance. '. The only regrettable feature is that all of the people of Benton county, or of the whole state for that matter, could not have' been assembled under the sound of the voices of the various speakers, to have caught the en thusiasm everywhere and by every body manifested. .Speakers .from various, parts of. the state were pres ent, notably county judges, county commissioners, and others, primar ily interested .rhlroad, building, and the best information on the subject in hanSywas constantly . pouring forth. ' Governor Chamberlain, ex-Governor Geer Col, .Torn Rich ardson, manager of. the-, Portland Commercial Club, and other prom inent men were among those., who, took an active part in the proceedings- ( . - , i., . The opening session was Wed-. nesday afternoon. Ihe, program occupied a cpuple of hours, much of the time being devoted to the asking and answering of questions and to discussion in short, impromp tu speeches of , various phases of the subject of roads. The - princi pal address was by Col, Tom Rich ardson, which is to-bs found in full in another column , Governor , Chamberlain was speaker at the evening . session of Wednesday. , The general subject of good roads was his topic, and he dealt with it in the intelligent and candid manner habitual to His Ex cellency. He declared a. belief that the state should assist in road build ing out of a fnnd to be derived by taxation. The road between Cor vallis and, rhuomath, he -said, , -is one ,that not only the immediate community but in which all the people of the state - are indirectly interested. ,, If ihe people along the road propose its betterment and ap propriate from their means for such betterment, then lt.ought to be ar ranged that the state could pro portionately contribute, manifesting a willingness to help these commun ities willing to help themselves. In the same way it seems that congress should bear a part of , the expense of improving; highways. Appro pnations are made by congress in big grants of land for aid of railroads If there is the authority for the one there must be equal authority and better reason for the other. A growing sentiment in favor of con gressional aid. Governor Chamber lain remarked, seemed, tp.be devel oping, and he predicted, that exten sive aid along those lines would yet be forthcoming. Pursuing the.,; topic; , Governor Chamberlain pointed out how some of the Southern.-,-, states, notably North Carolina and Georgia, had made great strides in road better ment during the past few years; and how convict labor had been largely utilized for that purpose and in a very , satisfactory way. In closing his address the governor remarked that "all, soads- led ? to Rome, and Rome ruled the world,' The roads of that ancient time still 1 survive and bear testimony of the magnificent forethought - the , Ro mans betrayed in compelling all the world to trade with, Rome by offer ing turnpikes over-which loads of enormous weight could -be r drawn with ease. For the sake of the rural communities! of the farmers and farm homes, where at best there is more than a deserved meas ure of toil and travail in" compar ison with some of the .other callings Governor Chamberlain urged all to become enlisted, in the good -roads movement, adding in conclusion that when he came to Corvallis again ne nopea it would be over roads the best in the world and with the people blessed under the bright est conditions an overruling Prov - iden.ee had to give. . Convict labor on the joadsi was the theme for a. strong; address by Judge Webster,, county judge of Multnomah county, wnose wit kept the convention in 'constant good humor. He is a firm advo cate of convict - labor and " gives' good reason for his faith- He says to take convicts out in the open air and give them ,; employment on the hie-hwavs with a u Knowledge that their labor is shortening their term of service, tends strongly to reform them and it is far better than to keep them shut: up m .the .pens where for 35 cents a . day to the state they are galley slaves of the stove foundry people.- From a hu manitarian standpoint, they ought to be put on the roads. More pow erful still is the utilitarian reason for employing them, In the foun dry they are in constant competi tion with free labor. On the roads they would not be. Moreover, the labor of two convicts is the equiva lent of one of ordinary labor, and since 35 cents per day is; the price per convict, labor would be ' avail able for building state highways at 70 cents per day, a veryy very low rate, 1 The fact t hat many of the states are successfully working the convicts, and that it has been done in Mirion county,; this, state,, with the best results,, shows that the plan is not a dream or . chimera. Later in the convention it . was shown! that by the use of convicts, crushed rock was put on the roads in Mar ion county at a cost of 46 cents per yard, but which with other labor cost $1,25 per yard . Thursday, was a busy day in the convention hall. In the morning a j large number of, the visitors ac cepted the invitation of- President Gatch and attended the chapel ex ercises. . The . occasion turned into ah ovation for the Good Roads men the students extending ; them a greeting of. enthusiastic- character. Speeches were. made by -lom, Rich ardson, ex-Governor, Geer, Judge Ryan of Clackamas, and . Judge Webster of Multnomah, and the re marks of each were cheered to the echo. After that,, President Gatch excused all students from classes who desired to attend- the conven tion in the forenoon and dismissed classes altogether in the afternoon on the same basis ' ; At the morning hour in the con vention hall an: excellent , address was made by Isaac P. Manning .of the Salem Statesman, which will appear in a future issue of the Times. Another address was by H. B. Thielsoh. formerly chief en gineer of theO. R. & N., the full text of which appears in other col umns of this issue. A third was by J. H. Albert, the well: known Salem banker. The ' question of why it is a railroad can haul a ton of freight 100 miles for $2 while it costs a farmer , three dollars to haul a ton a few miles, using . his own team and.doing his own worki-Mr. Albert brought out with startling distinctiveness as illustrating why better roads should be built. At the afternoon session there were excellent speeches by Profs. Fulton and.Skelton of the College, and by County Judge Waiters. At the evening session there were ad dresses by ex-Governor Geer, Pres ident P.- L. Campbell of the - State University, and by Mr. Shupp 01 the Southern Pacific. The delegates to the convention were highly pleased with the- cor diality extended them in Corvallis. Judge Scott of Marion said: -v 'Cor vallis has: the reputation' abroad for its delightful hospitality and the cordiality of its u people, and the Courtesies; and attentions shown us since we have, been here more than justifies her fair repute." Nearly all the JBenton county su pervisors were, dn t attendance and all are enthusiastic. in.' commenda tion 6f the work of -the convention, and on the general subject of good roads. . BEGINS AT TEE FARM -, And not at the Station Transporta tion Poes Tom Richardson's . - Address. - i r :. :'' E '-i " V ..' ' - t" ' 1 ' ' ' - Col. Tom Richardson, manager of the Portland Commercial Club, was among those who attended the annual Good Roads Convention. A number on the program at the ops emng session was his address. Though brief, it was an address re plete with good suggestion, and in full text is worthy of everybody's perusal. . 1 Mr. Richardson is an active, in telligent and persistent promoter of Oregon and things Oregonian. He is the man who planned the " late excursion of Portland businessmen into the interior. ';, ' His address be fore the convention was as follows: For Sale. 80 acres timber land miles from Corvallis, taken soon . . - - 'he -? M. Senders, - '. 1 Albany, for sale, Cheap Or. fi'l New lot of freshly, loaded shotgun shells.' All kinds of football supplies. At Hodes. Pioneer Gnn store. ,-Barred Plymouth .Rocks. For Sa.e. -A choice lot of breeding henp, pullets and cockerels at from: 1 each unward. All mv young birds are from pen headed by an Arpo cock bira, (.cost price $20.00.) - - W. ts. Emery, , r.r.' v r CorValUs. Oregon. Lame Back., i This ailment is usually caused by rheuma tism' of the muscles" aai'miy ,'be .cured' by applying Chamberlain's Pain Balm two or three times a day and rubbing the parts vigorously at each application. If this does not afford relief bind on a piece of flannel slightly dampened with Pain Balm, and quick relief is almost sure to follow. For sale by Graham & Wortham. . "The cost of transportation be gins at the farm and not at the sta tion." : ' ;- : ' ' ; ' 'I believe that motto should be emblazoned upon - every piece of good roads literature that is circul ated, upon the letterheads, envel opes, cards and circulars used daiiy in the good roads propaganda. ; "The commercial - bodies, - the railroads and the newspapers - are bending every possible effort to se cure immigration, in other words, to attracJ the attention of the solid and substsntial homeseeking ele ment and bring them here as home makers and there is not one thing that will induce them to come and cause them to stay more than good roads. ' " ' - "The Willamette valley- would have had more than double its pres ent population had more attention been given to this subject. Real" estate men in all parts of this valley win ten you tnann-many instances .they have located good : farmers from the" older states but on account of bad roads and the- utter impos sibility to get, around, : th6 women folks got homesick and blue and urged their husbands to go bach; to the old home where they could get out .occasionally to see their heigh? bors or to go, to church in comfort. There are other things that are just as much needed as the agricul tural, horticultural and stock-grow ing development of this great valley. Life without social relations makes communities dull, and it' is a fact that many people find their way to the insane asylum because they -are isolated at home . and brood over their troubles tmtil the mind is shat tered and the balance of tneir lives is worse than a blank. ' 'Are you aware that one " of the chief inducements to the settlement of Kansas and Oklahoma' was the splendid natural roads, and that Texas and "other Southern . states are finding today that they can put a great deal of money Into better highways with profit,' ' for the land along good roads always increases in value many times the cost of good roads. "Visit any portion2 ot this country or Europe and when you return home even the grand scenery,' mag nificent cities; the splendid edifices, the marvelous groves and beautiful flowers, inspiring " waterfalls arid majestic rivers, sink into forgetful- ness in comparison with the pleas ure you enjoyed by being carried over a smooth, hard road. "Even though you induce the farmer from Illinois to .come out here and let him make three 'or four times the ' percentage on his farm that he did back in the older state, let him enjoy our magnificent climate, he will become discouraged and discontented unless he can have the advantage of the same character of roads to which he has been accustomed. "In speaking of good roads I al so mean to include good sidewalks, and good streets. ' in order to se cure prosperity and happiness eith er m the city, town or country, we must have good roads for the ped estrian, the buggy, the wagon, the automobile. The modern idea of laying out an addition or improv ing a given section ot any city: is most successful ; when the ; streets and sidewalks are built, in -advance, and in making such improvements the real estate owner not only gets a proht on the land he has for sale but he gets a profit upon ' the im proyements he makes, and he is en titled to it. ' The investor or home seeker who gets into such an : addi- .. . . . . . tion or locality snows ' : good sense because he kaows he does not have to depend upon his neighbors or the municipal government. - - Ihe railroads of the country have spent more money in getting good roaa beds . than the roads i ey en including the original V: rolling stock, cost to construct, and if this has been found . necessary by the great-., transportation companies why should it not hold good with the country roads ind city streets I have lived in communities which wete sparsely settled and have seen good roads result in the division of great tracts of land into small farms the population of the land increased by tenfold and the products of the soil in equal ratio. "It might be best to have the construction of the roads in the hands of the state, but . that is a question which. I presume, will be decided by the legislature" and I don t care to discuss it in advance. We must get" good roads talked about and discussed upon a sensible practicable basis, if j we : expect to seethe Willamette valley become what it should be, one of the richest, most productive and val uable valleys in the world. We must have good schools. ' good churches,"an"d then make it possible for the traveler to go anywhere he pleases and have his trip a pleasure if we expect to reach the position we are entitled to hold. "Good roads not only cheapen transportation and bring happiness to the farmer by putting his , prod ucts nearer the railroad and Permit ting social intercourse, but 1 I keep the people alive and aw UJu rrom every standpoint good roaas are desirable and will bring us more homeseekers of the right kind than any other improvement we can make. New Arrivals'- The Water Row. Attorneys Stipulated, and the War b at an End What the terms are.' ; By stipulations on the part of the attorneys, there is a stay of pro ceedings between the. City of Cor vallis and the Water Company. The workingmen arrested in the service of the Company haye been discharged and the cases against tnem dismissed. They have re turned to work, and are to be al lowed to complete the work already projected' by the Company,' which is the laying of certain mains in trenenes nearly completed. It is also stipulated that the Company is to be allowed to make connections with three additional houses, " and to renew a' connection with a hotel. 1 he company is to be allowed to make necessary repairs in case of leaks,'- but is hot to undertake ex tensions, or to take up old, pipes and put down new ones for the purpose of renewal. ' It is further stipulated that the Water Company acquires no new rights by reason of being permitted to do the work this time, while on the other hand the Company admits the validity of the ordinance requiring permission, to De secured or tne street supennten dent of the city before undertaking any work. It is also agreed that a case shall be brought to determine the rights of the Company under the so-called Pitman perpetual fran chise. . , ' Fresh Oysters! From Yaquina Bay. Leave or ders for them for Thanksgiving, at Zierolt s. Eilers Piano House is the largest and most responsible and progres sive, establish merit on the coast. It handles the best pianos. Chicker ing, Weber, Kimball, Steck, Ho- bart M. Cabk and many othess Prof. G. Taillandier, . of the O. A. C. can tell you all about their mer its and the advantages of buying of Huers Piano House, whose dealings are all on the fairest and most reaj sonable basis. Prot. Taillandier is at home on College Hill Saturdays and every evening of the week. He will be glad to furnish all infor mation desired. . . : Winter time is reading time, and with the approach of cool ' nights the desire for good reading matter Tipens. You can find all the late Book's at . i i . Graham & Wells. Among those who attended the uood Koaos convention , were Governor and Mrs. Chamberlain They left for Salem Thursday Mrs. Chamberlain enjoyed the dis tinction of being the only, lady present at the Wednesday afternoon session of the convention.'. Street hats Maxfield. - at- cost.- -See Mrs. New Cloaks New Shirt Waists New Walking Skirts New Dress Goods New Velveteens New Neck Wear New Shoes Npw Corsets New Undressed Kid Gloves New Goods all the time. ; Cumber for, Sale ATj ijowesn rossiDie trices Send in House Bills for estimates of cost All kinds and grades of lumber on hand, all orders piomptly - fiUed;-Lumber delivered when required. - - Bell Phone 4x2. 7 R. F. D. 2. ' Sawmill located four miles southwest of Philomath. ' - ; y ; ; "No Prizes go with our '. , '. . . - Cbase & Sanborn Higb Grade COFFEE In fact nothing goes with our coffee but cream, sugar and SATISFACTION f. P. M . ZIEROLF. ; 1 - ' Sole agent for to. ft - Sanfinrn Hiirti Pifailri COFFEE Is displayed by many a man enduring pain 8 of accidental Guts, Wounds, Bruis es, Burns, Scalds, Sore feet or stifF joints. jsni inere-s no'neea lor it. iiuctclen's Arnica Salve will kill the nain andenre the trouble. It's the best Salve on earth for Piles, too. 25c. at Allen & Wood ward's, druggists. ' ... For Sale : - .. .... - . Oak grub wood. Cheat and vetch hay for sale. Satisfaction guaranteed T A Logsdon , , ; Phone 55 Mt View line ''' '', ' - Vetch . Seed...'. ' "; pure vetch seed for sale. ; -1 -: Matthew Thompson. . ' : ' : - : O. 8; E. Crossing. Ladies and childr: at the Bazaar. :n's underwear M. M. LONG'S Bicycle & Sporting Goods Store Is the place to get your Guns and Ammunition for the opening of the pheasant season. I have guns and ; : w" " ammunition of evefy description." " Guns and Bicycles for Rent , A full line of sewing machine sup- plies. -I have thing in -the um- ' brella ' Jihejfrom a rib to a new um brella. Everything you call for in sporting goods line. v GEXKRAXi REPAIR SHOP. Fine Job Work Corvallis Times Office.