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About Clackamas County record. (Oregon City, Clackamas County, Or.) 1903-190? | View This Issue
FAMOUS LARGE FAMILY.
IT 1 I
HMSTRANCHISEMENT OF THE NEGRO.
Br Ker. It. A. White, ot Chicago
At least Ave Southern States have
disfranchised the negro, and did so be
cause he was a negro. To disfranchise
even ignorance in a free republic is a
questionable proceeding. To disfran
chise a race because It is black Is
repugnant to our American spirit.
The man who must obey the law
ought to hare something to say about
making the law. The man who pays
taxes ought to Lave something to say
about their distribution. These are two
fundamental American propositions. To
abandon them Is to reverse our noblest
Such disfranchisement Is an Injustice to the negro. Just
as he is beginning to thrust his head above the wastes
of Ignorance and industrial difficulties, the white man steps
In and takes from him the one legitimate weapon of self
protection the ballot. It Is taken from him at a time
when he was never better fitted to use it safely and intelli
gently, and when the opportunities for the negro were
never brighter. The negro now owns $500,000,000 worth of
property, or more, accumulated in less than forty years.
If the present disposition of the South holds, this class
will be taxed without representation, and with"no voice
in the laws under which it must live. Nothing so un
American has happened in our history. No race can rise
so handicapped. It Is the assassination of the future of
bey. a. A. WHITE.
Ity make for peace, and if Individuals, communities amd
nations were governed by the spirit of Christ wars would
cease. But, unfortunately, this Is not the case. .Ambition,
selfishness, love of power, love of glory still rule the hearts
of men. Great masses - of human beings are enthralled,
and they must be freed. Ancient and hoary systems of
oppression prevail, and these must be. overthrown. When
reason falls; when all manner of fair compromise is re
jected, then there must be a call to arms. In this case
war Is Justifiable, not to aggress or oppress, but to main
tain the right and to overthrow the wrong. Not to sub
jugate, but to set free.
The knot that neither argument nor diplomacy can un
ravel must be cut by the edge of the sword. Thus, un
happily, but of necessity, the pathway leading to national
unity, national solidity, and national progress has been
strewn with myriads of the slain. Thus it Is that nations
sealed for centuries have been opened; that commercial
Intercourse has-been established, and that an opportunity
has been given for the preaching of the gospel. Thin
commerce has been enlarged, civil liberty acquired, rerig.
lous liberty won, and the gospel has a free entrance to
nations previously In darkness.
The cost of th wars of the last twenty-five years In
lives and In money has been appalling, but good result
But what have bee the. results of these awful con
filets between men? Italy, Instead of being a number of
contending states, is a united country, and free from end
to end for the preaching of the gospel. Germany la now a
grand united nation f tremendous Influence. Our own
country, free from slavery, Is united as never before In
Its history. . -
TRADES UNIONISM AND ITS PERIL.
By Clarence S. Darron. ot Chicago
Many men who have been organized
Into trades unions do not understand
the movement. Many think it is an in
strument of power. Trades unionism
of to-day, which, with its army of
workmen, seems so strong, so invinci
ble, may dissolve as quickly as the old
Knights of Labor or other movements
that have passed away. It owes its ex
istence to public oponloh and without
that sunDort cannot last or accbmDllsh
wfeL,-II anT objects. It will dissolve unless It
Becomes lueuuiiiu w-uu suuie gieui
c. s. darbow. movement for the alleviation of the suf
fering of the human race.
The growth of trades unionism Is largely due to the
mtrong public disapproval of the epidemic of trusts and
monopolies prevailing during the past few years, and there
Is a peril In the growing friendship between large opera
tors and labor leaders. No movement can live, no organi
sation can live, when It unites with monopolies to plunder
the common people. If the effect of It Is to help a selfish
motive It can serve no -good purpose. Men like Morgan
recognize the trend of conditions and say, "We will deal
with trades unions and give them 10 per cent, while we
.advance prices 50 per cent."
I am not condemning trades unionism, but grades union
Jam Is, after all, only a means to an end, and the Important
thing Is to discover the real end and then direct all the
-energy of the organization toward obtaining It.
y. - - - -..
"WARS ARE A NECESSITY."
By Rev. William Mutton, ot Philadelphia
Wars In the present condition of the human race seem
to be a necessity. The teachings of Christ and Chrlstlan-
sj iilslV.l mmUtmikmM
ADVICE TO THE CITY' YOUNG MAN.
Br Mrs. Russell Sago
No young man should marry until
his position In life is assured, and in
New York and other great centers, be
fore a man Is married be ought to be
able to provide handsomely for his wife
If he desires to be happy. Marriage -in
New York Is a problem very different to
marriage In a country village. In the
country simplicity Is the rule. ' Here In
the congested centers congested In
point of wealth evidences of extrava
gance are all around us. Young wives
see nothing but wealth and Its display.
Mas. sack. Gorgeous dresses, expensive equipages,
lives of luxury and of ease held up as daily examples,
gradually arouse In the average woman the spirit of dis
content She Is a wonderful woman who can live oa a
pittance and have constantly held up before her gorgeous
ness of attire and ease of life, and still be able to conquer
the desire to be likewise, and her disappointment If she
cannot be. This display on the part of the rich before
the eyes of the poor Is the cause of more unhapplness and
more divorces and separations than one can think of. And
when I say the poor, I mean those who are poor by com
parison with what some of the newspapers humorously
allude to as 'the smart set.' ' Perhaps the hardest lot In
city life Is the .lot of the great middle class, If I may use
the term middle class In point of wealth. It behooves
young men to give this matter serious thought Love on
little Is quite romantic, to be sure, but human nature
Is alike the world over, and women will ever be envious
of their more fortunate sisters. A man should be rich,
quite rich, before he is married If he would live happily
In a large city like Chicago or New York.
Buttermilk. As a remedial agent but
termilk cannot be praised too highly.
The lactic acid, the sour of the butter
milk attacks and dissolves every sort
of earthly deposits In the blood ves
sels. Thus It keeps the veins and ar
teries supple and free without clogging
up, hence no deposit will occur of Irri
tating calcareous matter around the
joints, . nor of poisonous waste In the
muscles. It Is the stiffening and har
rowing of the blood vessels which
bring on senile decay. Buttermilk is
likely to postpone It ten or twenty
years. If freely drunk. A quart a day
should be the minimlum, the maximum
according to taste and opportunity. In
asmuch as gouty difficulties usually
arise from slugglBh excretion, butter
milk Is a blessing to all gouty subjects.
It gently stimulates all the excretories
liver, skin and kidneys. .
Cholera Infantum. A physician who
Investigated 003 deaths among children
under 2 years old due to cholera in
fantum, diarrhoea und other similar
diseases ascertained that fully 80 per
cent of these children had been fed oft
condensed milk, 10 per cent were nurs
ing infants and the remainder were
nourished by prepared baby foods,
Most ot the condensed milk used was
of the canned variety, depending on
the large amount of sugar In It to pre
serve it. The mothers were accustom.
ed to dilute this In ten parts of water.
In this form it wns fed to the chil
dren. Owing to the sweetness of the
mixture, the children liked It, of
course, and seemed to thrive as the
sugar fattened them. But there is
preponderance of casein in condensed
milk which is not digestible. There is
also an absence of fat Hence, the
children who had been fed with this
food presented broken-down systems
to the summer heat " and could not
stand the strain.
Berlin Mother of 45 Has Twenty-eight
There are more things In heaven and
earth than are dreamt of in our every
day philosophy, and one of the most
curious among them is the mysterious
way in which the birth rate of a coun
try goes up and down In accordance
with political or even social require
ments. This strange phenomenon
greatly exercised the Ingenuity of Ro
man statisticians recently when his II. L. Wilson's novel, "The Spend-
holiness the Pope, desiring to comment- ers," published by the Lothrop Pub-
orate the celebration of his jubilee, ' llshlng Company of Boston, has been
gave orders that every child born In ! dramatized by Edward Rose for-WU-
the Eternal City on that memorable day Ham H. Crane.
or night should receive a gift of i Adtodos the Dresent absorbing Car-
baby linen and a small sum of money. iTle discussion "The Letters of Thomas
The head of the Papal treasury duly carlyle to His Youngest Sister," con-
niaae nis preparations accoraingiy ana , teln many revelations of the great
BOAT WITHOUT A CREW.
based his calculations of the cost on
the averages as recokned by the sta
tistical tables. According to these doc
uments, the average number of chil
dren who co:ae Into the world daily In
the Italian capital is thirty-five, and
for so many Innocents did the treasury
of the Vatican make provision. But
the Roman mothers, having heard of
the windfall in store for their darlings,
upset these prosaic calculations by glv
writer's domestic life. '
G. P. Putnam's Sons announce the
publication of the authorized Ameri
can edition of Professor Delitzsch's
famous lectures, "Babel and Bible,"
which explain the relation between the
Hebrew scriptures and recent cunei
Owen Whiter, the author of "The
Virginian" and "Philosophy Four," Is
lng birth to exactly ninety-three olive j 'm at worlt uPon hl lon&" e8T Pr
branches, the number of the Pope's
years In this vale of tears. "Worldly
wisdom Is justified of' ber children,"
murmured one puzzled Papal official.
Fools and children cannot lie," re
plied one of the happy parents, and
series of chapters upon the "Sheep and
Goat Family," which will form part
of the next volume In the American
Sportsman's library. - , . . , -v .
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., have just
published the first three volumes of
as the certificates were all In order, . their new and complete Centenary edl
the Pope's ofllclals thought that they tlon of the "Writings of Ralph Waldo
had better believe than Insist upon I Emerson," edited with "Notes and Bio
further proof, although some of the graphical Introduction" by Edward
Han on Shore Controls boat In the
River br Wlrele Telegraphy.
That one seated on the shore with'
out any visible connection with a boat
In the stream should be able to per
fectly control Its operations, seems like
a freak of the Imagination, but such
feat Is performed by Chas. Alden
of Dorchester, Mass., with his espe
cially constructed boat In Neponset
The boat Is simply a model, seven
feet long, with four short masts bear-
new-born babes looked like "children
of a larger growth." Among them were
triplets, consisting of two boys and one
girl. To the former were given the
names or Romulus and Remus, while
their unconscious sister was honored
by the application Roma. The baptism
took place In the Church of St Peter's.
It would be dangerous to try In Ber
lin benevolent experiments, like that of
the sovereign pontiff of Rome. For In
the German capital a record has been
established In every detail. Thus one
healthy, active hausfrau has been fill
ing her quiver so rapidly that, although
still but 45 years old, she has already
twenty-eight olive branches round her
table. Another, vho is four years her
junior, ushered twenty-three into the
world, while three other women, be
tween the ages of 40 and 43, present
their husbands with twenty-one de
scendants each. Two hundred and
forty Berlin women are the mothers of
from thirteen to twenty children
apiece. London Telegraph.
PNEUMETIC LIFE PRESERVER.
WHAT A CLOUD BURST REALLY IS
Keanlt Ie at If the Bottom Dropped
Out of a Bnspended Lake.
When we read In the newspapers
that a "cloudburst" has occurred some
where and has resulted In great loss of
life and destruction of property we are
prone to consider tins term merely one
used for a sudden and excessive rain
storm. While, of course, it would be
wrons; to consider a cloud as a great
bag or envelope filled with water, and
which has only to burst in order to de
luge the earth beneath, there Is really
such a thing as a "cloudburst" as dis
tinguished from a rainfall, however
heavy the latter may be. The New
York Herald gives a clear and Interest
ing explanation of Just what a "cloud
burst" really Is and a study of the
phenomenon will prove of Interest, par
ticularly as It was a genuine, "cloud
burst" which a. few days ago. practical
ly wiped the town of Heppner, Oregon,
from the 'nee of, the earth and de
stroyed so . ? 200 lives.
The "cloudburst" Is always preceded
and caused by a windstorm or small
cyclone, the air whirling In a circle and
.at the same time moving along hori
zontally. As the air whirls about In a
circle it forms a sort of cone with the
-apex at the top. This whirling motion
causes an inrush of air from all sides
at the bnse and these masses of air
quickly form a powerful and rnpldly
ascending current In the heart of the
nascent tornado. '
Now, If the atmosphere through
which this windstorm Is passing is de
void of moisture, there will be no rain
fall, but if there Is a quantity of moist
ure in the air the ascending current in
the center of the tornado will natural
ly, in carrying great quantities of It
skyward, pile up this moisture in the
form of a cloud at the top. This cloud,
being in a colder stratum of air, speed
ily becomes densely saturated with
moisture. . Under ordinary circum
stances this moisture upon being con
densed Into drops would be preclpitat
ed to the earth, but in this Instance the
pressure of the upward current pre.
vents it falling. On the outskirts of
the cloud, where the pressure is less,
rain does fall, but at the apex of the
whirlwind It continues to become more
and more dense.
Finally the conditions become so that
-the column of ascending air Is sup
porting above it a veritable lake. Now,
so long as this air pressure Is main
tained the water cannot fall, but as
soon as the storm strikes a mountain
-the raised land breaks and destroys the
whirlwind and the water Is permitted
to fall always on the leeward side of
the mountain. The water comes down
in a perfect deluge, much the same as
if a lake bad been suspended In the
heavens and the bottom had suddenly
THE FORMATION AND THE ENDING OF A CLOUDBURST.
("A" Indicates the whirlwind which curries the moisture-laden air upward and sus-
ponds It In the air. "C" Indicates the mountain which Intercepts the onrushlng
whirlwind, and "B" ahowi how the suspended lake folia to the ground when the
supporting column of whirling air has been removed by contact with the mountain.)
fallen out If the "cloudburst," as this
Is called, takes place over a narrow
valley down which the great mass of
the water must flow to find a level one
can readily see what a force It must
bring to. bear on everything which
stands in the way. When, it Is borne in
mind that a single inch of rainfall over
one square mile weighs (30,000 tons, it
Is not difficult to imagine what a rush
of water follows the sudden downfall
of several inches over a space of even
much less than a square mile.
A glimpse of the Jllustratlon furnish
ed on this page will make very plain
the operation of this terribly destruc
tive phenomenon and convince the
reader that after all the term "cloud
burst" Is not altogether a misnomer,
though perhaps "cloud collapse" would
come nearer expressing the fact.
FASCINATION OF ANGLING.
True Fisherman Loves' to Hatch Hla
Wits Against the Wily Trout.
The angler's art Is but a pretext, op
rather the Incentivo to a ramble and
not the sole object of the fisherman,
unless, alas! he belongs to that too
common variety the man whose sole
object is his catch. Such a man fishes
with a worm, hides fingerltngs In the
depths of his basket and photographs
his catch as a witness of his crimes,
lie is not a fisherman, but a butcher.
A yellow primrose on the river's bank
is to him a primrose and nothing
more. The true fllsherman loves to
catch fish, to match his wits against
the wary trout but as he wanders
from pool to pool the songs of the birds
greet him restfully; every turn In the
stream reveals a nook in which strange
wild flowers nestle. The gentle ex
citement of the sport prevents the
scene from becoming monotonous, says
a writer in World's Work. The ele
ment of chance, the uncertainty of the
catch add the drop of tobasco sauce
which gives zest to the day. And the
noontide, meal by the brink of the
stream! When did a meal have a
more delightful flavor? Delmonico
never served a trout like unto those
we have eaten by the banks of a moun
tain brook with the clear, . blue sky
above, the waving forest round about
and the murmuring stream at our feet.
The hours of contemplation comes
afterward with the pipe of peace in
our hand instead of the relinquished
rod. How far off the city seems! Are
there such things as corporations,
trusts, stocks, bonds; electric lights
that amaze the sight, harsh warnings
of trolley gongs, the rumble and grind
of the wheels and the bitaks on the
elevated road which affright the ear?
The harshest note that breaks the
stillness here Is the boom of the bit
tern in the distant marsh. Home to
camp the fisherman goes, taking a cast
in this silent pool in which the trout
rose In the forenoon to his cast but
missed the fly, or In that dark hole
deep under the bank lu which the vigi
lant eye may detect the brown sides of
a trout with lazily waving fins and
tall an old campaigner not easily
The women are getting even: Wives
of men who have bought Panama hats
are complaining about their husbands'
big millinery bills.
When a girl is a sure enough Tom
boy, ber mother has to follow hi
around with needle and thread.
The steamship companies which did
not provide life preservers In number
equaling or exceeding Its passenger
carrying capacity would be summarily
dealt with by the government, and yet
every one knows that when the time
arrives for their use the passengers
and crew may be too much excited to
profit by the provision thus made for
their safety. ' The passenger crossing
Waldo Emerson. Nine more volumes
will follow within the present year. '
At the urgent request of Myrtle
Reed G. P. Putnam's Sons, who will
bring out her novel, will place upon
the title page thereof the colored em
blem of the City of Chicago, where in
the days of Fort Dearborn the scene
of her story is laid. The title has
been changed to "The Shadow of Vic
Following W. B. Yeats play,
Where There Is Nothing," the Mac-
millan Company will soon issue two
more dramas by the same hand. They
are entitled "The Pot of Broth" and
Oathleen-nl-Hollhan," and were re
cently performed at the Carnegie Ly--eeum
In New York by the Irish Liters
ary society. ' ' . '
Lyrics of 1 Love and ' Laughter, is -
the title of the latest volume of Paul
Lawrence Dunbar's voice. There are
verses In negro dialect and some In
the vernacular, In about equal propor
tion, and It, is but natural that the
most attractive are those cast In the
form that this writer has before em
ployed -with such conspicuous success.
The Chain of White Agates, Is the
title of a new book by . Amelia E.
Barr, the well-known .author of ,The
Bow of Orange Ribbon, The Maid of
Maiden Lane, A Song of a Single
Note, and so on. It Is a story of Bos
ton towns, opening In Lincolnshire, but
I .. !..... T, T . I r.0
BUUU yUBBlli 111 UUBLUU. & I. 19 UL
the time of the Mathers and about the
i j - . i ... i. et. -ii i
book will probably appear in the fall
with the Imprint of Dodd, Mead &
Co. ' .
Mrs. Olive Thorne Miller's account
of her ways while watching birds out
of doors suggests the reason for ber
success. She says: "I always wear a
plain dark gown and try to become,
as you might say, a part of the land
scape as much as possible." And she
might have added that she carries the
same policy into her writings, and that
It accounts for this superiority to those
written by certain ladles who have no
idea of following Jenny Wren's ex
ample, actually or figuratively. .
ALDEN AND HIS CONTRIVANCE.
Ing scores of copper wires running to
a metal railing on the deck. Within
the boat are several motors, each
adapted to a different use.
The shore apparatus consists of a
pole bearing two coils of wire, which
are connected with a transmitter bear
ing a disk on which are denoted the
various operations through which it is
desired to put the boat.
By simply pushing the button of the
impulse sending device, which has only
a power of eight volts, Alden is able
to guide the course of the boat, to fire
Its cannon, to send up "distress sig
nals," to turn it around, to hoist and
drop anchor in short, to fully control
Alden does not claim any new -discovery,
but does claim to be the first
to apply the principle of wireless tel
egraphy to boats and he thinks that
as a regult of his investigations the
life-saving ' service will be revolution
ized. Fashionable Chairs, Perhaps.
Squire Hanson's language seldom
lacked vigor, but was often wanting In
strict accuracy and sometimes In con
slstency. ' ''
"I've been over to talk with Alvlra
Pond about selling that corner lot,"
he said one day to his wife, his ruddy
face mottled with purple from some
recent exertion, "and I'll never enter
her parlor again, never! Not a' chair
in the room but what Is Impossible to
sit down In, out of the question to get
up from, and leaves you with such a
cramp you can't move hand nor foot
when you stand!"
Tncrc Is a demand that "youth be
recognized," and every man who has
had a baby Jit bis house Is sure that
CONSTANT WEAR OCCASIONS NO DISCOlt
ttie ocean would certainly feel no
small degee of added security were be
provided with the apparatus shown In
the illustration. No one would think
of wearing one of the bulky life pre.
servers usually provided on sblpbourd
all the time, but here Is an apparatus
which will answer the same purpose,
and yet without discomfort when con
stantly worn. The spiral form which
the tube Is given enable the wearer to
suspend It uround his body by means
of the supporting jacket, beneath the
outer clothing, and It takes but a short
time to Inflate the reservoir through
the mouthpiece, which Is provided with
a valve to check the outward flow of
the air. The spiral colls He flat when
deflated, and are scarcely perceptible
to the wearer, who, even If th device
rendered him slightly uncomfortable,
would have the feeling of safety to
counterbalance the annoyance.
Wiley P. Tlbbets, of Toledo, Ohio, is
Cost of War and Kducatlon.
The statement that one battleship
costs more than the value of the nine
ty-four buildings of Harvard univer
sity has been questioned, but the offl
cliil reports state that the Oregon,
which Is the most expensive battUwh!
In the United States navy, cost 10,07.1,
032.70. The valuation of all the bull
Ings and land of Harvard university Is
If most of us could have the gold
That Morgan's got we'd yell
And kick because we could not hold
His stocks and bonds as well.
The average man Is never patient
except when he is biding his timo to
No rented house ever suited tha
woman who lived in It.
. Tellhig Trees' Ages.
"The only accurate way to estimate
a tree's age Is by the measurement of
Its girth," said a botanist. "The count
ing of the rings of oxogenous trees
can only be applied to such as are cut
down In their prime, for these trees,
when they begin to die, cease to add
their yearly rings. Girth measurement
is the only safe guide to the age of
trees. . .
"Hence, all over the world, botan
ists have now for some years been
measuring trees of known and un
known age, compiling thus, a volume
of statistics that will become more and
more valuable as It Increases In size.
"The yew Is the longest-lived of
trees. Three feet a century, our sta-
WH-UCo Biiuw, iq iLn uui umi giun iu. nv
cording to this rule, the Fortlngal yew,
of Scotland, which' wns 511 feet in
girth In 1709, must have lived over
1,800 years. The Tisbury yew, In Dor
setshire, Is 37 feet In girth, and should
be, therefore, 1,200 years old.
"There Is a table of the age of oaks
that differs from this. It Is not a very
satisfactory table, but It wns compiled
from trees of known age, and, there
fore, it is, statistically, very valuable.
According to It, a 40-yenr-old oak had
a circumference of eight feet; 83 years,
12 feet; 100 years, 18 feet; 200 years,
20 feet; 2.10 years, 27 feet; 300 years,
33 feet." Philadelphia Record.
"Now then, young man," said Wil
lie's mother, "I won't let you play
baseball again In a hurry, and you'll
get no supper to-night." t
"Why, is supper all over?"
"You know very well It Is. You
saw me at the back gate and heard
me calling an hour ago." . ,
"Why er I thought yeh wuz jest
npplaudln' de two-bogger I made."
Philadelphia Press. ;
r;" An American Favorite.
Safety pins ore peculiarly American.
We use 144,000,000 of them each year.
Some signs He. "No trouble to show
goods,"' for Instance.