Image provided by: Oregon City Public Library; Oregon City, OR
About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1891-194? | View This Issue
BUILDING OF SPAN
Design of New Bridge Made to
Here; Depth of Willamette
Is Factor in Final Plan.
FOUNDATION OF ARCH
IS UPON SOLID ROCK
Old Towers Are Utilized In
Erection of Steel; Three
Finishing Processes Used.
(By C. P. Richards, C. E.)
With permanence-as the chief con
sideration, seven typos of bridges
were examined as to their suitability
for this location. A reinforced con
crete arch would have met this con
dition better tan any other, but had
to be rejected because the depth of
the channel and the. navigation re
quirements precluded the use of false
work of the ordinary type; and
suspended falsework proved too cost
ly. A steel bridge, whether it be of
the suspension, cantilever, simple
truss or framed arch type, must be
protected from atmospheric corrosion I
to be classed as truly permanent. Pro
tection by paint is, at best, only
temporary and invloves heavy main
tenance costs. - Protection by encas
ing in concrete as nearly perfect as
could be desired, but, for the usual
types of structural steel bridges, in
volves a prohibitive cost. To over
come this the adopted design was
evolved a bifurcated steel arch, hav
ing its ribs of rectangular section with
all stiffening members inside and the
smooth exterior entirely encased in
concrete of a special kind known as
Gunite is a mixture of sand ,
and cement shot dry through a hose
by compressed air, water being added
at the nozzle. It makes a dense, im
pervious concrete and, on this bridge
it is reinforced iby a stout wire mesh,
previously welded electrically to the
sides of the steel ribs. The floor
beams and stringers are similarly
covered, while the hangers, spandrel
columns and other minor parts are
encased in poured concrete.
Foundations on Rock
' The approaches to the main span
are the usual beam and slab type,
carried on tapered . columns and are
of reinforced concrete throughout.
Foundations are on solid rock: only
one. that of the west main pier, had
tf Vi cmtiTt fhmiittli finitely HPVi i n h"ij
dona by means of a double walled
cofferdam which was pumped dry and
the rock bed cleaned of all loose ma
terial, concrete then being poured into
forms placed on the rock.
The erection of the arch was ac
complished by using the anchors.
towers and main cables of the
suspension bridge. Each rib consist
ed of eighteen segments: the first
six out from each pifcr were erected
by suspending the upper end on -a
cable passing ove;r the top of the ad
jacent tower and thence back to the
anchor; the lower end being support
ed, in the case of the first segment,
by the lower hinge pin and, in the case
of the next five, by the upper end of
the segment next below it. This took
care of twelve of the eighteen seg-
.A. . I A.
.. I ill '
The new arch, upon the Pacific Highway between Oregon City and.
built by A- Guthrie and Company, Inc., of Portland. Its total length is 850 feet Deck above low water at mid-span, 77 ft. Main'span: steel rib arch
ft. centers. Height of West Linn pier, rock foundation to road level, 98 ft. Road: slope, 5 per cent; width, 13 1-2 ft. Two sidewalks, 4 3-4 ft. each.
gunite, 250 cu. yds. Construction sta rted July 29, 1921. Completed December, 1922. Cost $275,000.00. . - s
ments in each rib. The six central
ones were then erected by supporting
them on falsework built up on the
main cables of the old bridge, which
had previously been relieved of all
other loads. Thus the last service .of
the old bridge was to assist its more
massive and permanent successor
' Finish Is Beautiful
Considerable effort has been ex
pended on te aesthetic treatment of
the bridge and its beauty has been
developed by careful treatment of its
proportions and lines, rather than by
addition of detailed ornamentation.
There are three kinds of finish on the
exposed faces. The surfaces of the
gunite were "screeded" to a true plane
and then finished by stippling with a
brush. The concrete surfaces were
rubbed smooth with carborundum
bricks after sprinkling with water;
this works up a lather, which, when
brushed over, sets up with a smooth
even texture of a pale gray color. All
panels were "brush-hammered, a
process which chips the surface of the
concrete, exposing the pebbles and
gives a rough finish In pleasing con
trast to the smoother and lighter- por
tions of the work.
In design, unlike any other bridge
yet ibuilt; constructed substantially to
last for many generations; excellent
in material and workmanship and
moulded on bold, artistic lines, this
bridge fits well the beauty of the na
tural setting in which it lies. With
the laying out of the immediate sur
roundings in keeping with such a
monument, this locality bids fair to
become as famous for its beauty as it
is for its manufactures.
LOCAL AUTO COMPANY
DOUBLES ITS CAPITAL
SALEM, Or., Dec. 27. Seven Ore
gon concerns and one foreign corpor
ation transacting business in this
state have filed notices of increased
capital stock in ta state corporation
department. These increases, the
corporation commissioner said, indi
cate that the several industries rep
resented apparently are looking ahead
to a prosperous year in 1923.
Among tue increases filed was that
of the Park-Shepherd Motor company
Df Oregon City which changed its
capital stock from $10,000 to $20,000.
Are Tendered Aid
Thru Joint Relief
Eighteen needy families of Clacka
mas county were made . happy Christ
mas through the efforts of the Red
Cross, Improved Order of Red Men
and Elks lodges of this city.
Provisions to last about two weeks'
time were donated to those people,
and through the kindness of other
residents of this city canned fruit and
clothing werje donated. Miss Cis Bar
clay Pratt, for a number of years local
secretary of the Red Cross Associa
tion, was selected to arrange the do
nations for distribution, and several
days were required for the task. Dr.
w. E. Hempstead's office was head
quarters for the work.
Harry Williamson, Carl Shulson,
George Chambers, TacK Stovall and
Albert A. Minger donated their serv
ices in distributing the gifts through
out the city and other places in the
NO TIME '
Oldnxan: One should always prac
tice what on preaches.
Ever stop to think what would the
world do if it were not for safety pins,
gargles Amos Tash.
"THE MOST BEAUTIFUL BRIDGE IN AMERICA,"
miiii. t- , p iMiiMffiiiiiWwirwwBiwrfrT"! m ip in - - -
BANK OF OREGON CITY
TO REMODEL BUILDING
Expenditure of $25,000 Is
Planned on Improvement
Of Main Street Structure.
Contracts for the complete remodel
ing of the Bank of Oregon City build
ing at Sixth and Main streets were
awarded Wednesday, involving the
expenditure of $25,000 and a ninety
day period of construction. The bank
quarters on the main floor are to be
remodeled and the office rooms on the
second floor, gutted by fire Septem
ber 2, are to be completely rebuilt,
according to Will T. Wright, presi
dent. The plans for the remodeling of the
bank's quarters include the widening
of the present office space by exten
sion 13 feet north. This change will
allow' increased lobby room and added
space for the offices of the bank of
ficers. A new directors room, ladies
room, room for a new department to
be added later, two new tellers cages
and a large new vault for the housing
of th9 bank's records are included in
Entrance Is Improved
The entrace to the bank will be
moved from the corner to practically
the middle of the Main street front
age occupied by the bank proper, and
the entrance to the office quarters
will be shifted to the side, forming a
side entrance to the bank lobby.
The upper portion of the building is
to embrace four new business suites
of 14 rooms in addition to the room
occupied by Schuebel and Beatie. O.
D. Eby, John F. Clark, and Will ham
mond are among those who will oc
cupy the new rooms. A special vault
Is being built in one of the upper of
Front to be Changed
The recent fire swept through the
upper floor of the building, . but the
bank offices were not greatly dam
aged. The loss is set at $6,000. Plans
for th remodeling however, had been
under consideration for some time.
The Bank of Oregon City owns the
entire Main Street frontage extending
from Sixth street to the alley in the
middle of the block. The whole front
of the building Is to be remodeled Into
a modern, uniform exterior. The bank
has occupied the same location since
its establishment in 18S1- The last
remodeling was done about 12 years
ago. The contract for the new work
lias been awarded to W. G. H. Kreu
ger. O. Hall Acquitted
Upon Liquor Charge
O. Hall, operator of a filling station
at Gladstone, was acquitted in the
justice court Wednesday of charges
of illegal possession of liquor. Harry
Bundell, arrested with Hall, testified
that the liquor which the officers
found belonged to him and Hall knew
nothing of Its presence. Bundell was
previously sentenced to six months in
jail and fined $500 by Judge Noble
when he plead guilty to the charge.
Marriage Licenses '
Granted 2 Couples
Marriatre licenses were granted
Wednesday to two couples: Alvin K.
Otto, Portland and Berdence E. Hall,
Oregon City; Louis Smith and Martha
Aerni, both of Oswego.
s -, r im j i
id n ii : .-or
4 "- ,
v'est Linn, was designed by the
Wisconsin Men H
Milton Knowian and OUia- Beaver,
of Green Bay, Wisconsin, who re
cently arrived in Oregon City, have
decided to remain here until next
fall. Beaver has taken a position with
the Hawley Pulp & Paper Company,
and Knowian has entered the Oregon
City Business College. The young
men made the trip to Oregon in
Knowlan'g coupe. They enjoyed
camp life along the route when weath
er conditions were favorable, and
visited places of interest. Among
these was Yellowstone Park, where
they remained for several days. A
number of interesting trips were made
in the big park. High peaks were
scaled and several hiking trips made.
After leaving the park they camped
for several days along the banks of
streams, where they caught their first
mountain trout- Knowian acted as
chef. They will make the return trip
over the southern route, visiting Cali
fornia and Mexico, while enroute. Dur
ing their stay in this city they are at
the home of Knowlan's father, Dan
Knowian, of Fourteenth and Main
Shoes .Needed for Boys and Girl
The chest for cast-off clothing al
ways maintaind at the rest room of
the w. c. T. U. was completely
emptied at Christmas time In order
needy people. A call for shoes fori
two boys aged 15 and 13, besides shoes
for a little eight-year-old girl has just
come to Mrs. E. M. Scouton, member
of the W. C. T. TJ- The little girl
was compelled to be absent from
school a few days ago as her -shoes
were unfit for the weather. The fa
ther has been unable to secure em
ployment, while the mother has been
trying to help to make a living for
the family by working in a restau
rant. R. G. Scott In Oregon City
R. G. Scott, of Sherwood, was In
Oregon City on business Wednesday.
Scott served as county agent of
Clackamas county for two and one
half years, resigning the position to
follow farming. He is now specializ
ing on goats and sheep of the live
stock industry, while Loganberry cul
ture and growing of filbert nuts are
taken up as a side-line. The Scott
farm consists of 125 acres, and is one
of the best farms of that section.
Richard Scott, Jr., son of Mr. and Mrs.
Scott, who was taken to California for
his health, is greatly improved. He
is still in the south, where he is visit-!
ing friends, and will spend the re
mainder of the winter in California.
To Raise Fund for Home
In order to add to the fund to be J
raised by Clackamas county for the just enough cold water to cover it
Farm home at Corvallis, a home for ! weU and let it heat gradually. It
orphans of Oregon, the locally. C. T. ; should stew gently until it is partly
U. will serve lunch at the rest room, done; then add a few thin slices of
at the rear of the Jones drug store ! sait pork, one or two onions sliced
today. Clackamas county's quota for up flnei some pepper and salt if need
the home is $3200 and the women of , ed, and two or tnree raw potataes
the county who are members of the Cut up into inch pieces Cover it
W. C. T. U., are working diligently to , ciOSely and stew until the meat is
have Clackamas county go over the tender. Drop in a few made dump
top in raising the fund Mrs. Frank Hnga made like short biscuit, cut out
Welsh, who is to be hostess today at very small Cook fifteen minutes
the rest room, is to be assisted by longer. Thicken the gravy with a
Mrs. E. M. Scouton, Mrs. N. M. All- jittle flour moistened with milk,
dredge and Mrs. Ada Stevens. serve.
Miss Shaw To Appear On Program ,
Miss Virginia Shaw, student of the
Washington State College, at Pull
man, Wash., ha8 returned to Oregon
City for the holidays. She is visiting
her parents, Mr- and Mrs. E.'L. Shaw,
of Sixth and High streets. Miss Shaw
is among the students to appear on
the program at the meeting of the
Woman's Club at the Commercial
Club parlors this afternoon. She will
finish her course in athletics next
SPANNING THE WILLAMETTE BETWEEN OREGON CITY AND WEST LINN
v - r
' v ...". i t t I - - - "
state highway commission bridge engineer C. B. McCulIough, and its construction supervised by Engineers R. A.
Whitman" College Student Home
Gordon Hannaford, student of Whit
man College at Walla Walla, Wash.,
is spending the holidays with his par
ents, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Hannaford,
of Ninth and Monroe streets. Hanna
ford, who graduated with honors from
the Oregon City high school last June,
won a scholarship entitling him to
enter Whitman College. He will re
turn to Walla Walla next Tuesday.
Derthick Club Will Meet
Mrs. "Nleta Barlow Lawrence and
Mrs. William Krassig are to be host
esses to the Derthick Club Friday aft
ernoon. The meeting will be at the
home of Mrs. Lawrence on Twelfth
and Washington streets, when Miss
Lorraine Lee, popular vocalist of
Canby, is to be the soloist.
Christmas Tree and Entertainmentr-
The annual Christmas tree and en.
tertainment of St. Paul's Episcopal
Sunday school will be held at the
parish house at Ninth and Main
strets Tuesday evening, January 2, in
stead of Friday evening, December
29th, as planned.
M is3 Money Returns to Bend
Miss Marjorie Money, of Bend, Ore
gon, who has been spending the
Christmas holidays with her parents,
Mr- and Mrs. William R. Money, of
Gladstone, returned to Bend Tuesday
stm" WJth Mothe
syivesier jtiaas, wno nas Deen en
joying the Christmas holidays with
his mother, Mrs. Haas, of Greenpoint,
and also visiting other relatives and
friends, has returned to Reedsport.
Haas is employed at that place.
There were sixteen teachers of
Clackamas county taking the teachers'
examination in this city last Thurs
day and Friday. This was the small-
j set number of teachers in ten years
to have taken the examinations.
I These papers have been sent to Sa-
lem, and will be graded toy the county
superintendent, Brenton Vedder, when
I he attends the meeting of the county
superintendents state convention in
that city Saturday. As examinations
were conducted in every county of the
' state, other county superintendents J
will be in Salem to grade the papers
of their counties.
Cut up the lamb into small pieces
(after removing all the fat) say
about two inches square. Wash it
put it over the fire, with
1-2 cup butter, 1-2 cup sugar, 3 eggs,
beaten, 3 tablespoons strong coffee;
1 2-4 cups flour; 1 teaspoon baking
Cream butter and sugar together,
then add eggs, beat well, also add cof
fee, and sift in flour and baking pow
der. Turn into a greased and papered
tin and bake in a moderate oven for
forty minutes. WJien cold cover with
i . ,
Tin"" " r
im ' I i j"7 . 4 ' ; i ; j s
with gunite encasement; 350 ft span, 100 ft high. Approaches: reinforced consrete beam and slab spans, 35
Weight of steel in arch, 480 tons; reinforcing steel, 150 tons. ' yoliime concrete, 4G00 cu. yds. . Volume,
v - .
Old River Captain
Dies in Portland
Napoleon Bonaparte Ingalls, one of
the old time rivermen, died" Tuesday
at the Mann home in Portland. He
had been a resident of Portland since
Ingalls was one of the first pursers
on' the old steamers Belle and Eagle
on the Oregon City run, in 1S53. He
was later on the river steamers Port
land, Jennie Clark, Rival and Ex
press, being on the run until 1858,
when he went on the route to the
Cascades, remaining until 1893. In
that service he was on the steamers
Carrie Ladd, Montana. Buck, Julia,
Cascade, Wilson G. Hunt, New World,
Oneonta, Dixie Thompson, Emma Hay
ward, Wide West, S. G. Reed, Bonita,
R- R. Thompson, Multnomah,. Hassalo,
Lurline and Astorian. v
Ingalls was born In Sandburton,
New Hampshire, December 11, 1830.
He lived there until 11 years of age,
when he went to Hartford, Conn. Aft
er two years he went to Boston and
left there for California in July, 1852,
by way of the isthmus of Panama,
coming to Portland a year later.
He was married in Oregon City in
1855. Mrs. Mabel Jones, a daughter.
is living, at Oakland, Cal., and Percy
Ingalls, a son, s at Anaconda, Mont.
MILK AS FOOD
In the preservation of foods, an art
which has reached considerable per
fection in these days, it is interesting
to note how important a part is play
ed by opposite forces of nature.
For instance, after milk is obtained
from the cow, it is necessary to re
duce it to low temperature so as to
inhibit the growth of bacteria.
Later, however, an opposite plan is
essential. By prolonged heating of
the milk in a moderately high temper
ature the bacteria or germs which are
unheal thful are killed and the milk,
unchanged in its digestibility, is ren
dered safe for use by the infant or in
valid. Both of these methods are used in
their amplest form in the preparation
of malted milk, so as to obtain the
highest purity of the food.
The absence of moisture is an ef
ficient safeguard against the growth
of bacteria and it also makes the pro
duce capable of being taken easily to
all parts of the world.
It was no little achievement to
make a product which retains all the
nutritive value of malted grain and
rich milk and which produces at a
moment's notice a food-drink that is
sustaining, invigorating and also de
licious to the ta'ste.
. POTTED HAM
To two pounds of lean ham allow
one pound of fat, two teaspoonfuls of
powdered mace, half a nutmeg, grat
ed, rather more than half a teaspoon
ful of cayenne.
Mode Mince the ham, fat and lean
together, in the above proportion, and
pound it well in a mortar, seasoning
it with cayenne pepper, pounded
mace and nutmeg; put the mixture
into a deep baking dish, and bake for
half an hour; then press it well into
a stone jar, fill up the jar with clari
fied lard, cover it closely, and paste
over it a piece of thick paper. It
well seasoned, it will keep a long
time in winter, and will be found very
convenient for sandwiches, etc
Combine one cupful of very strong
coffee with two cupfuls of light cream,
one and an eighth cupfuls of maple
syrup, a few grains of salt, an egg
yolk and one aad a half teaspoonfuls
of vanilla. Freeze in an ice cream
freezer, in three parts of cracked ice
to one of rock salt. s
COUNTY FARM BUREAU
TO HOLD ANNUAL MEET
Officers for Coming Year to
Be Elected on January 2;
New Projects to be Talked.
The annual meeting of the Clacka
mas County Farm Bureau will be held
here Tuesday, January 2, according' to
the announcement of Mrs. John Gaff
ney, secretary-treasurer of the organization-
The session which will be
attended by farmers from over the
entire county is to Ibe held at 10
o'clock in Willamette hall.
Election of officers, appointment of
the executive committee and the out
lining of the agricultural improvement
projects to be undertaken by the or
ganization during the coming year,
will occupy the session. The coming
meeting of the legislature will be the
subject of some discussion, together
with the determination of what meas
ures of an agricultural bearing nature
the organization will support.
Will Deer Suicide? .
Molalla Man Says
That It Isn't Done
Controversy over the question of
animal suicide has arisen sice tie
publication of a story concerning the
supposed "suicide" of a buck deer.
Writing to the Oregonian from Mo
lalla, J. W. Thomas, generalizes upon
the points' covered in the story of the
buck deer who cimmitted suicide off
of a 50-foot cliff near Estacada.
"In the Oregonian we notice the
i account of the robust buck deer- com
i mitting suicide off a 50-foot cliff at
Estacada. The inference from this
account of the deer's death near the
dam site is that the deer deliberately
made, tracks up to the cliffs edge
and purposely jumped off to take his
life. Old hunters would call tnis
bunk by the dam site.
"Having had experience in follow
ing deer on their run over steep and
dangerous places when dry, it Is no
wonder to me that deer sometimes
fall to their death when crowded over .
dangerous runs slippery with ice. -
"Should a believer in the so-called
deer suifcide take trouble to- back
track the deer far enough from the
cliff, the cause' will surely come tot
observation. He may, in a measure
be in the deer's place and his "hair
also may stand on end' as he tumbles
to the situation, and in his rush even
to climb down a ladder, his grip may
fail on an icy rung and he, too, fall
to his accidental death."
Local Delegates Go
To Teachers' Meeting
Delegates attending the State
Teachers' Annual convention now in
session in Portland, who are repre
senting Clackamas county are County
Superintendent Brenton Vedder; R.
W. Kirk, city superintendent; Mrs.
Ethel Lowndowne, county supervisor;
J. W. Leonhardt, principal of Glad-,
stone school; Louise Reese, principal
of Harmony school; Miss Bernice
Cunningham, of Concord; Edgar A.
Means, principal of the Colton school.
Superintendent 'Vedder will go to
Salem Saturday, where he will attend
the county superintendents' conven
tion. "How do you meet your expenses?"
"Going and coming."
Photo Copyrferht Ralph J. Eddy.
Furrow and C.'P. Richards. It was
1 1 - - i M
r ' '" " 1