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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1891-194? | View Entire Issue (Feb. 26, 1909)
OREOOX CITY KNTEIiPRISK, FRIDAY, .FMHUITAKY
.Leguminous Crops and Rotations
Ry C. V. GREGORY,
Agricultural 7tUion. Ictva Stat Colics
I'cpvrlsht. loVfl. by Amcririll Pw Amili
MOXS the Important classes of ,
V4 crops grown oh the .'arm ire j
A"s the legume. The soil Is to. the .
fanner what a M.vK of pHxlt '
19 to a merchant. He cannot keep:
drawing on It forever without punlug
something back. Ordinary
plant food from the store In tho soil.
This must lo ro;I.ivd ill some way.
Legumes, ou tho oilier hand, loavo the
soil rli her rather than P'suvr.
If you will exnii'.lr.e the roots of a
clover plant carefully v.mi will notice
liltmerous little swellings :i!..iit l!u
rIo cf pin head or a ll:il.' larger.
Then are called ii.Mti!o and are the
home if certain bacteria. Those bao-
tc-!a are mim.te or.o oelio.l plants, so
small that thousands of the: "i ca.i hang
on the p.i.'nt of n pi:i. We sl.all study
some of the different classes of hao
teria In detail later. The ones that
live on the roots of legumes have the
power of charging the ni.roi.on of the
air into a form in which it can be uod
by the plants.
When clover stubble is plowed under
the nltrocen which Is contained in the
Stems and roots Is added to the soil
and can be used by the following crop.
Where the soil is badly lacking in
nitrogen and humus It soniot linos pays
to plow under the entire crop of clover.
The nitrogen which leguminous
plants add to the soil Is by no means
the only benefit which comes from
their use. Nearly all of them have a
lone taprwt. which forces Its way
down into the soil far below the depth
reached by the roots of ordinary crops.
Alfalfa roots sometimes go down ns
dt-ep as thirty feet or more. Much of
the plant food used by the crop is
brought up from this lower layer of
sqIL and some of it is left In the upHT
soil when the roots and stubble decay.
The passage of the long roots through
the noli also loosens it. and when they
decay add to the humus supply. Thus
tbe physical condition of the soil is so
improved that the more tender roots
of such crops as corn can penetrate
It readily. Because of these facts
corn, potatoes and almost any other
crop will prow faster and give a con
siderably larger yield on a field whf-h
has grown a lepume the year previous.
The principal lepumes are alfalfa,
clover, cowpeas and soy beans. Al
falfa is prown most; successfully west
of the Missouri river, altbouph by no
means confined entirely to that local- i
lty. It requires some care to pet a
good stand of alfalfa. It does best on j
a shil that is somewhat sandy and j
should never be sown on a soil where '
the water table is liable to stand for
any length of time within three feet :
from the surface. "Wet feet" will kill
alfalfa quicker than anything else. j
As a general rule the best time to j
sow alfalfa is early In the fall. The
croiinr! should lx nut In tho twxit n.s-
.11,1. tmh ..ji(.niwm.lF'r less- The particular kinds of
tnir tho tho rhnncM. nf -r. !
are considerablv increased. The seed !
should be sown at the rate of about j
fifteen pounds per acre., A light har-i
mn-ln trill onror If siTfUr-lontlr Tf
winter successfully, the critical time is
past. The advantages of alfalfa over!
clover are Its higher feeding value and j
greater yields. It can often be cut
three or four times in a season, with!
vtolri nf f porn nm to ttt-n tons rwr
mrtin Alfalfa must nlwnv, h r.,1 i
as soon as about one-tenth of the
plants are in bloom; otherwise the
vitality is weakened nnd the yield of
tbe succeeding crops reduced.
There are several varieties of clover,
of which medium red Is the most wide-
FlO. X BldHT-lJOSTHo-OLD ALFALFA
Note the long taproots and tho nodules.
ly known. Clover seed are usually
town with small grain in the sprinp.
A surer way of obtaining a stand to to
sow after the oats hare been disked In
and cover with a harrow: otherwise
tbe seed are put In so deeply that many
of the little plants never reach the sur
face. One of the principal reasons for fail
ure with clover to poor seed. A. sam
ple should always be tested before
sowing. This can be easily done by
putting a hundred seeds between a
couple of moist blotters and keeping In
rmn know pverr.
mcaiif in nivlallz. Wa am m.
clalUix In producing tlio tiift fl,.wr
And vetKUihle wd. In 63 yrara we
have become eipertit. Sow Kerry'f
Beads and reap the remit of our care.
For Kale everrwhere. Bead our llJOB
cataliiKueand prof.t by our experience.
8ent free on reiiuent. Adtlreu
0. M. FERRY i CO.. DETROIT. Mich.
it warm place for a few days, TIio
number that germinate can N used as
a guide us to tho union nt of seed to
use per acre.
One reason why olovor and alfalfa
j aro not more popular wish farmers. Is
tVe dMicuity of ouri'.:.: the hay. If It
is left in ll.o swath until dry enough to
put In the mow, the leaves, which are
the l.icst valuable part, will Invoice
so bristle that many of ther.i will be
lost. A Is'ilor way Is to so over the
Hold with a side delivery rake as soon
as the leaves have wilted a little and
; throw 'the hay together In l.vse wind
j rows. Handled In this way, it dries
evenly, and the leaves will not fall off
. so easily. Hay cured In this way is
also less liable to be dusty than when
cured by direct exjvsuie to the sun.
; Once In awhile, even with the best of
care, some of the bay will bo caught In
a misi. A hard rain on clover or al
falfa hay washes out much of the tin
triinesit which It contains. Such hay
' is hardly worth purling In the barn.
', but may be made go d use of for bed
: dins. In this way It Is mixed with
: the manure, and the plant food which
it contains Is returned" to the soil.
I Cowpoas and soy leans arc to the
' southern part of the I nlted Slates
what clover and alfalfa are to the
northern sections. They are prown
more as hay and forage than for the
' pr.iln. These lepumes are also used in
some sections of the corn belt as catch
, crops. If sown ou early fall plowing.
they prevent the soil from washing
; and thus losing much of Its available
' plant food. They may be pastured off
r . w . is.
rui. xi crrrixu a nrvT growth
later or disked up hi the sprinp. They
are often sown in cornfields during the
last cultivation to keep the weeds
down and to add nitrogen to the soil.
Ree.nise of the fact that other crops
make so much better prowth after the
field has prown a legume for a year or
so It Is important that a crop of clover
or some other legume be prown ncca
! slonally. If a plan of rotation Is ar
; ranged so that tbe fields are regularly
j changed from one crop to another, so
I much the better. It has been found
! that when any crop Is prown year aft
l er year on the same land the yields will
t(Wi tht C'rtaln "P requires RTOWS
goarcer- and weeds ttDd ln!,ects become
more nnmerous. If another kind of
P ant f 8"bsn't'!. " elementts,of
""" ovulau ui.u. ...
iw.13 .a vv eiar eu uui nuu iue cuaii-
ed methods of soil treatment will dis
courage the weeds.
Plants vary greatly in tbelr ability to
get food from tbe soil. Such crops as
rye and buckwheat are strong feeders
and are able to obtain food from a soil
00 whlch m,'re "-'nder plaats would
uiiie iiaius uw iiiu.u more
than others. Crops like com
that are cultivated frequently deplete
the humus supply rapidly, since tin
constant stirring of the soil hastens de
cay. Oats, on the other hand, take
comparatively little humus from the
These differences may be largely
equalized by a consistent system of ro
tation. In planning rotations the aim
should be to so distribute the crops
that they will be best adapted to the
condition in which the soil was left by
the preceding crop. The starting point
of every rotation should be clover or
some other legume. The length of time
that a field should be left In to such a
I crop depends largely on local condi
tions. In the east, where alfalfa seed
to high and the dilT.cuItles of obtaining
a stand great, it Is usually wise not to
plow up the crop for three or four
years. Red clover lives only two years:
hence If n.t plowed up the second year
the land mut be reseeded. In most
eases two yean Is as long as tbe land
should be Ifcft to any one crop.
Since clover Is grown with small
grain the first yetir. this means only
one year isi n-lil- !i It will be the sole
crop. If the s con I crop of clover to
to be plowed under, as to the ease
wbeu the soil i considerably lacking
in humus, this work had better be
done In the fall, so that the mass of
preen clover may have lime to decay
before the following crop Is planted.
If the soli has ln-en properly cared for.
however, this green manuring will be
unnecessary. As a general rule It to
more profitable to food the hay or
grass to stock nrd return the manure
to the land. In this way from 80 to
00 per cent as much plant food is
added ns would have been If the crop
had been plowed under, and at the
same time the stock has had the bene
fit of the extra feed. When only the
stubM" Is to lie turned under, the
plowing may be done either In late
fall er early sprlnz.
,Twas a Glorious Victory.
There's rejoicing In Fedorla, Tenn.
A man's life has been saved, und aow
Dr. King's New Dlicoviry Is the talk
of the town for curln C. V. Pepper
of deadly !uri( hem jrrha. "I could
not walk or get aboir" be wrltes,an'J
the doctors did me no good, but, after
using Dr King's New Discovery three
weeks, I feel like a new man, and can
do good work again." For weak, sore
or diseased lungs, Coughs, Colds,
Hemorrhages, Hay Fever, LaGrlppe,
Asthama or any Bronchial affection
$1.06. Trial bottle free. Sold and
guaranteed by Jones Diug Cj.
1 , arirnscj
Acis of t!ie Twenty-fifth Oregon
Lcgis!ati:re Presented in
TOTAL EXPENSE J4.200.000
I'.ovoiuie Producing Measures, IM.
acted, Which Will Oft set tho
Salem, rob. ;. Tho
blc.inlal session of tiie !
e.isla' lire Is
a realtor of history,
tfco most expensive
state evor-'lsad, and
travac.o.noo have bo,
yet, when the growi
mom of the sta;e Is
exoesstvo. Jn (,ut,
v liile it was
eh.u';;,'s of o
ti fri'o'.y made,
n and dceyp-
,tii. I.,.-.,. I .1...
. . . v ,. , nil-
the sc.-.-.ioii adid
not live up to all its oppor.unltlcs,
for hills asiiMMiirlatini: more than
I t. HUH. 000 wore killed, among them
j belr-s appropriations tor Johnson's
i road hill, three normal s.lirols. top
i ocraphic survey.;, Indian war voter
I ans. historical socioiy building and
a isitst lier of other money lulls.
The apropriations will aggregate
j $4,:00,Oiui, (or about $ l.iioii.ood
j more than the proved; ig session,
j Throe or four revenue producing
measures wore passed, how over.
which, will partially onset the In
creased appropriations. Among theui
are: Th bill taxing earnings of
public service corporations; tho now
insurance tax law; the inheritance,
tax increase, and the water fran
chise tax. Those laws will add about
$300,000 to the slate's revenues.
Tho session distinguished Itself by
doing two notable things: First, in
adopting io resolutions promising
to submit the questiou of state Iliian
cing of railroads to the people, und
second, in refusing to make uppro
piiations for three normal schools.
Much unfavorable commem has
been Indulged in over 'he numerous
salary grab bills passed, which by
the way affect counties and not tho
s:ate, but to offset the pettiness of
these bills some measures of real
importance were passed. Chief
among them may be mentioned:
Acts for the conservation of re
sources, the water code, the game
code. Industry switches, abolish
ment of compulsory pilotage, and
the creation of puns. Two rather
unique laws were passed, namely,
the bill for sterilization of tho crim
inal -Insane and confirmed couvlcts,
and providing a penalty of life Im
prisonment for highway robbery.
Attempts to modify the direct pri
mary law, particularly Statement
No. 1, and the local option law were
defeated. The legislature also re
fused to adopt Sunday blue laws,
and attempts to take the state in
stitutions from Salem were killed.
Wth a few minor omissions ho
following Is a list of hills filed by
Governor with the Secretary of State
and which will become law:
6. Dlmlck For punishment of
24. Purdln Increasing salary of
Jackson county Judge. (I'asscd over
25. Bean Authority of real es
tate agents must be In writing
28. Bean For Incorporation of
76. Muncy Extending eminent
domain to drainage districts.
87. McKlnney Dying declara
tion admissible in civil cases.
loo. Reynolds Revising rates
of inheritance tax.
114. McCue Distribution and
payment of legacies.
137. Couch Exemption of earn
ings of Judgment debtors.
190 Committee on assessment
and taxation state tax levy. (Emcr
234. Bedillion Restoration of
corporations in default.
i. Bailey Trial by Jury after
default in damage suits.
7. Oliver Appeal from Justice
court within 30 days.
9. Scholfleld Diking districts
mty levy tax for repairs.
11. Hedges In criminal cases
Judgment to be a lien from date.
12. Hedges tor renewal of
Judgment every 10 years.
13. Nottingham Voters absent
from the state may register.
15. Beach Bank deposits not
drawn for seven years to escheat to
16. ' Kcllaher Hotels and lodg
ing-bouses to have fire escapes.
IS. Kellaher Hotels and lodg
ing-houses to provide nine-foot bed
sheets. 23. Hart Providing for two ad
ditional supreme Justices. (Emer
gency.) 32. Hart Additional salary for
Judge of Eighth district. (Over Gov
52. Hart Authorizing M-hool
districts to refund Indebtedness.
63. Bowerman Government
may acquire lands for Government
74. Chase Appropriating $21,-
000 for hatcheries south of Colum
bia. 75. Miller Ea!ury cf ! It n cm o-
ty Luperltilendent. ( ,y;r veto.)
79. WashI gton, del vr'Uii
Salary of recorder In V.'asiiiii:;'.on
county. (Over veto.)
91. Kellaher Cost3 c"o- ed
rvmn real properly has been at
1)5. llari Flxlrg salaries of
clerk and deputies of supreme court.
116. Hart Copies of supreme
court decls'"ns to be filed In office 'if
olerk of ct.
239. Oase-a-Addltlonal Judge In
Second district. (Emergency clause.)
With the exception of a few un
important bills, the following is a
list of bills that passed both bouses
and Lot acted upon by the Governor: i
1. Smith, I'matllh --Creation of
arleslan well district.
30 Chase -Salary of troiimiror
of Coos county.
t. Scholiletd - For treatment of
SO. Illngh in -Tin o niMlllomil
dairy Inspectors appointed hy lh
Governor, with consent of Jalry
2!. r.irjsli Minor not to en
page In games of chsuieo In public
:if. Smith, I'tuaHll.i licvlsod
ST. Colo - Me.lletil cerllMettlo
prerequisite to marrliigo lloonso,
43. Miller of l.lun - For tlld of
l.lnn county f ulr.
4 7. Oliver - $:.1,00f for Fusteni
Oregon evpei linent faruV
fo. Mullt -Tinny duys' notice
of ostiays taken up.
f!. Ilimslwim Tltlo (jmuantoo
companies to deposit. $."iO.0iH se
curity. 01.. Meiiyman Penning a legal
fence In Kasioni Oregon.
0 4. Hotter ;fiati Snerotiio court
may traie for circuit Judges.
!'.. t'ole To aholl:-li secret so
cieties In pnhlle s hools
07. Jolitss.in--$l00.tiit for main
tenance of Agricultural t'ollc.se.
OS. Colo For stciili.Mtloii of
criminals ami insane,
7 7. Miller of l.lun and l.atio
Irrigation i- clo.
S'. Stasia of Marlon --Providing
for "io normal school nosir Portland
and abolishing nil others.
!. Alb To establish a fiscal
agency In ,'cw YorA.
!;. Mailt Public bunds free
A lit-:'!i:iri- Gum- code.
I'1,". Alhei' IMInlng v.'U'niney
and dl orderly conduct In the coun
try. 109. S.liollleld For central
hatchery on Columbia.
111. Chase- Fixing boundary be
tween Coos and Curry rnuiilies.
111. Wood - Reitulatliig sale of
coneontrati'd stock foods.
114. Mullt Prohibit false ru
mors concerning standing of hanks.
12,". Smith of I'liuullla -New
U'S. F. J. Miller Special tux by
districts for roads.
140. Bailey Ten hours a day's
work for females In telephone and
141. Chase -Hegulatltig manner
of filing town plats.
143. Miller of l.lnn and I.nne.
Compensailoti of county immimIs
fclotiers. 144. I'.irrlsh ISank iIo-mvii not
drawn upon for seven yei-i, to fc.
paid Into the state irea-ury
147. Sltinott Time fo;- briti Irg
libel suits one year.
149. Merrymnn - Prov! !: g VoV
er pouches for election ballot ley s.
ill. Miller of l.lun and I :i -Creating
ciuiservatlon cotuml o:i.
154. Bailey Deeds and mort
gages to bo recorded in hound
la., oiano't Warehouse re
ceipts to show rate of storage.
12. Illnghiim For publication
of delinquent tax I'sts at expense of
delinquents and not at expense of
ltii. Kny Regulating mutual
fire Insurance companies.
169. Miller of Uiin and I.ane
Railroads may be laid for construc
tion work on rnunty roads.
171. Bailey For orgnnliatlon
of co-operatlvo associations.
1.3. .Nottingham To punlidi
fraudulent representation as lo
membership In iwfft societies for
purpose of obtaining money.
IS i. Abraham Breeding horse
to be registered at Oregon Agrlcul
191. Wood Prohibiting putting
gl.'u t and mills in roads.
193. Hedges Providing ad.lc
tlonal Judge for Fifth Judicial dis
trict. 194. Scholfleld For Isminnce of
bonds In drainage districts.
195. Chase For salary of sher
Iff of Coos county.
19S. Beach Clothing railroad
detectives with police power.
199. Bnlley Regulating drain
203. Hart Weekly roort on
registration of voters to secretary of
205. Smith of Umatilla State
fair to have printing to amount of
207. Norton Relntlng to levy
and sale under execution.
209. Nottingham Voters may
register with notary public or Jus
tice of the peace.
210. Kay For county referen
dum on ounty measures.
213. First Judicial district dele
gation To divide the district.
219. Kay and Johnson Voters
of county may refer a county meas
ure. 220. Committee on Judiciary
Ftoh law for the Columbia river.
222. Josnphlne county delegation
Amending code regarding corpor
ations organized foT Irrigation pur
poses. 225. Johnson Certified copy
proof of a federal liquor license.
226. Caldwell Preventing goals
from running at large In Yamhill
237. Comrr'ttee on ways and
means Extendlrg time for acquir
ing C-egon City locks.
216. Caldwell Empowering mu
nicipal corporations In other states
to acquire title to lards and water
rights In Oregon.
251. . Ways and means $30,000
for state fair premiums.
252. Ways and means $25,000
for state fair Improvements.
253. WayH and means $70,000
for tub;ciilosls sanltorla.
254. WayB and means Appro
priating $362,000 for improvements
at state Institutions. '
11. Umatilla and Morrow dele
gations Appropriating monoy for
an experiment station at Hern-lston.
12. Mahnne Regulating pilot
age on Columbia river.
22. Barrett Appropriating. $76,
000 for a portage road at CeUlo.
23. Jaeger Appropriating ad
ditional $25,000 for Alaska-Yukon
31. Buchanan Authorizing su
preme court to appoint a code com
mission and appropriating $25,000.
48. McCue Permlttlrrg barks to
advance full value on bills of lading
and warehouse receipts.
til, McCue Counties limy levy
tax for ndveiilHlng resources.
113. Conyers - Prohibiting swlno
at largo In Columbia county.
65. Iliiebaliau Prohibiting wear
ing of uniform of fulled Slates
tinny or navy hy persons not en
titled, "7. Ilnwley - - Providing for rais
ing school funds.
SI. Dlmlck - Regulating hauling
of loads on public highways,
S5. It.mn To provide for laying
out county roads,
Sil, I ion ii Creating the hoard of
state tux ooiumlti-'louers.
97. I tenn -Creating. Insurance
US, FiiiTcll Requiring doors to
swing nut ward.
lllit. llonehralie . Appropriating
$'.'10. 000 for buildings at t). A, C.
It'll. ' ledllhii Fixing salary of
Ci is county tuo'esiior,
121. Applocalo Pitvniont of
claims of Central Morula! S.Miool.
I'.'7. Prooke Fur na lulorutalo
bridge nt Ontario. ,
13 2, Purdln Permitting county
com ts to ilciciuito the kind of col- I
vert lo bo built. I
111. Ilavviey - Appropriating
$7H00 for suite veterinarians. j
IIS. Itoau Giving circuit courts
power of parollhig prisoners.
ISO. K.istorn ihv.on delegation 1
-Appropriating $10,000 for scarp!
bounty. " j
171. Carter I'lovblln;; for prl- ;
vale propa :.i!oii of trout. I
172. I 'odds- Authorizing school j
superliUi'ttilcuis to apportion money.
IS, MoAnhur Rcqulrlm; offl-!
cc-.s of state boards and eoinmla
slons to attend liieetiVi;s, '
10. ltiich.in.ui Fiovldlng fori
constitutional convention, sub ect to
195. Iluihes Unking powder
must be plu'uly labeled.
201. Medio--Empowering exec
utor lo exocuto deeds
211. Carer Providing nr iip
proptliitlou for the expense of tho
state horticultural society.
21il. Curler -For appointment
of county fruit Inspectors.
221. Purdln - Appropriating
$1011.000 for the Crater Lake road, j
224. Prooke -public records to:
bo free. I
227. Fas'ern Oregon delegation j
Providing for a brunch asylum in '
Kastertl Oregon. !
229. Hughes--To regulate breed-
lug of horses. j
2.15. Miller- Regulating fishing !
In lloguu river. j
2119. Fnrrell Providing that J
conditional pales of personal proper
ty shall be recorded
246. McArthur Elimination of i
duplication of courses of study In
the state's higher educational Insti
tutions. 2S. Barrett For organlatl of
mining and diking Interests.
24'J. Convers- I.au.I bourj to
purchase binds In forest reserve.
231. Abbott -Governing expend
iture of funds tor the t'nlv. iidly of
277. Jones (Polk I Free ferry
across Willamette at Independence.
2S1. Committee on education
Authorize settool boards to govern
uses of school moneys.
291. Carter Amending rode re
lating to 'lections.
lino. Clinch Prohibiting fnlso
3 in;. Iilmmlck Appropriating
$10ii) for I'l.iek.iniiin county fair.
310. IHmlcK Uallroads to fence
right i f way.
311. Mahoii" Requiring rail
roads to e'.ierr.l.ia'o UushIuii this
tles on rl.ii : - - way.
3 15. M ichiinnii - Revises c'i d-
u!" of nti" f.r c .r;i ira:lo:is Irctci.a
mg nipuui i..o 1 .
3 hi. McKlnney lo p.u'ec
3 2S. llf,'
3 1',. U'l'.vs
of sell lid for
3 17. J ii
i,cant of h a
r- ImiMisIng lteens"s
an I ' 'to ..ns - Ui-noval
'nf ni i'.'s, $7",',liu.
s ( Poi.c - Rep I' g
. 'V M , V,
1 ii.l.i .lu.i uiui. ll
lauds iii I i ic.ilti couu y.
3.".:.. Ilrudy -Se urlng liens on
301. A'.u'egat . Aboil- h'ng Cen
tr::l Ore-'nn n irmul flehc.ol.
3112. V.'I'.vh u meii'is e.immlfteir
--' "ini'i.'l'itlo i !r! cover ti : ttito-
cellait"0i:s e' Cms.
363, ! ! enailtig dr.-
nioitlrj nnlt'.ial coi:iin'.i3lin.
MAKE THIS ACCORDING
TO THE DIRECTIONS
PREPARE AT HOME BY 8HAKINQ
INGREDIENTS WELL IN
A BOTTLE. -
What will appear very Interesting
to many people here Is the article tak
en from a New York dally paper, giv
ing a simple prescription, which Is
sabl to be a positive remedy for backH
actio or kidney or bladder trouble be
fore It reaches the stage of Brlghts
Fluid Extract Dandelion, onehnlf
ounce; Compound Kargon, fine ounce;
Compound Syrup Sarsaparllln, three
ounces. Shako well In a bottle and
take In toaspmiiiftil doses after each
meal and at bedtime.
A wellknown druggist here at home.
when asked regarding this prescrip
tion, stated that the ingredients are
all hnrniless, nnd can bo obtained at
a small cost from any good prescrip
tion pharmacy, or the mixture would
bo put up f you asked to do so. Ho
further stated that while this nr
scrlpllon Is often prescribed In rheu
matic afflictions with splendid results,
ho could see no reason why It should
not bo a splendid remedy for kidney
and urinary troubles nnd backnehn
as It has a peculiar action unon those
most. Important organs and helps
thorn to sift and (liter the foul adds
and waste matter which cause sick
nes and suffering. Those of our rend
ers who suffer can mako no mistake
in giving this a trial.
Marriage Licenses Granted.
County Clerk Oreenmnn ari.nfr.rl
marriage licenses on Saturday do tho
following: Carrie Anderson and W. L.
Clark; Ollla R. Carter and J. E Ixt
Kan; Hanna M. Fergus and R. A. WIN
kerson; Rose Strejc and C. E. Nell;
Mario Smith and Cramer Galway;
Cora Talley and Horace Minor.
Equal (a tbe Oocaalun.
The author of "Across England n it
Oogcnrl" once slopped lo examine n
church In the little village of Kuiom:
The day vvus vvnriii, and on leaving
(he church I rested for nvvlille III the
jtrnicful shade of Hie building nnil for
Hie sake of I hit coolness still kepi toy
hut III my hand. While Nluuillug there
I overheard one workman nsk of mi
"Why (to 'e keep "U 'at off like thai
mil of doors, uialeV
" Vati'.e 'e's ;i 1,'uaker, o' course," re
piled the tun I . "I,! linkers alius do In
Here was an opportunity not In be
lost. "No." snli! I, "I iiiii Hot a t.'link
er. I inn mi episcopalian."
There was n Mnul, awkward pause.
Then Hie Ill's I vvi'ikiiian, evidently of
' nn Inquiring turn of mind, said to Ills
fellow mason, who neeiinal to be cole
! sldorcil mi iiuthorli v :
I "A II ptoeopale one, V nays 'it Is.
Wei's that, I. Ill';"
' "Oh," replied the learned lull, qiille
'equal lo Hie oecn ion, "dial's one Pf
Ihein fancy foreign roll,: Ions, Mile!"
Th Cni)roi'' Ordcily,
' I' reiietiiiieii of evei v rank nnd class
dearly love tit Id The liinliii.er of a
, Pari iioiii im ii. lompMiiy vwi- ilu'oiat
' 'd Willi the l.eflotl ef Honor ft few
!da)s ii-o, ii i ii I (Mo clerks I i Iho cm
: ley of die ti'ittp.tiy to ci ted him
i w 1 1 It ll pie, e of kilo t i vv hi ll their
1 vhllllu: i auto weie nttai heih tin look
lug ov er these lie vv is u gt i .1 ile.il pu ',
tied and limit im by the vis ting c.ird
' of the oill e "hey," nil eld s. 'Idler
from die lliv ulldrs, vv ho w :s employ ed
j lo open the olll'e doers ftvill II lo 4
I I'nder the mini's ti ime was the lllle
"the empeior's orderly." lie M-m
1 for the old soldier, win. stumped In
! nnd painted.
i "Of wlml eiiq eier ijre )i II the order
i ly, and how';" he n. k.d The old lie
j vall.le dr.-vv himself up to ntteiithm.
i "I nut the orderly of die eittpcr.ir."
he said, "Niimiivii, lo petit Corporal."
! "Bui be Is dead lie has been dead
'some time," answered the pu.lcd
"I dust his tetpli for him." growled
the eld ftoliller. l.onibill Express.
Na Morsli In Ortsmland,
If, ns luanv writers have suggested.
it Is the soul Itself that guides the Im
ngery of ilrenun, leov tire we lo ex
plain the fact thai In this chaos of
Ideas ittnl feelings there Is so little ills
tlnetli.n bciwivii right mid wrong tlnl
when iliviiiulng we eoiiiiiilt nets for
which we should weep tears of bleed
were they as real as they seem lo be
As Professor Hoffman Imsnald, "The
familiar lnsk of waking hours, 'I
must ind do It because II would be lue
Just er unkind, never once s.-cins to
nrret ui In the sntlsfacllon of any
whim whl. li may blow about our way
From all of which we lini-t conclude
that the dream realm Is a world lh.it Is
entirely oblivious lo any moral sense
nnd that. lhoii::li it may be true that n
troubled coiiscleine may produce or
nlT.vt our ilrenius, die ilreums them
selves are iien-r l.uideiied with a con-seleuee.-
Being pursued by a farmer nnd Ills
three sous after being caught In the
chicken yard, a young colored person
bad Just luiide up his mind that he
was imt eluding his followers us quick
ly as might be when n long cured Jack
rnhl.tJuiuped up fr.Mil the roadside
and started down the nnd abend of
him. The would be chicken thief bad
run a few hundred feel furl her w hen
the farmer nnd bis boys were nstoti.
I.'hed to hear Hie negro shout In a
voice tleit qunvered with . fright,
though unrestrained, "Suy, for do Lord
sake, you rabbit, get out oli tie way
nnd let some one run who can run."
A Doleful fdood.
The propletor nf n Purls enfn no
fle.sl Hint lifter be had refus.sl to give
bis plntiM mi Increase of salary the
ii u in lT of his customers dwindled
rapidly. It was only when all but
one diner had deserted him thnt he
discovered that the pianist hint been
Inflicting Chopin's "Funeral March"
on tbe audience nightly. The pianist,
who was proceeded agnltist In the Inw
courts nnd was fined f.0 frnn.-s, pleaded
flint he played according to the mood
he fvlt in after Ills request had been
On Im T'othar Out.
"It must be very nice." said the call
er to the author's wife, "to hnvo your
husband nt home so much of the
"Yes," replied Mrs. Itlchnrd Pnrllng
ton Hprlggles. "It gives me a chance
to go out." Harper's Weekly.
"A nnfel always ends with the tnnr
rluge," "Which Is proper. There's nothing
novel about the suhseitient hunt for n
flat and a cook nnd a Job lot of furni
'Mr. Chairman." begun tbe man who
Is tiiiaecustouied to public speaking.
"Well." Interrupted the chairman
kindly, "to err Is human." Washing
ton Herald. '.
A Wit Blanktt.
Pcckem You tire not married yet,
nro you? Yoiiiiglmch No, but I in en
gaged, nnd Hull's ns good ns being
married. I Vckein It's a wholo lot
better, If only you knew. London An
swers. Wit should be used as a shield for
defense rather Ihau ns sword to
wound others. Fuller.
Mrs. Purgen Makes Fraternal
to Oregon City.
Mrs, Pttrgln, of Portland, 'stule de
puty of tho Jady Maccabees, Tuala
tin Hive, No.' 43, visited the Muccabee
Lodge of this city on Saturday even
ing at the Willamette Hall. Mrs. Pur
gen gave an Interesting talk on the
work of the order, and assisted mat
erially in the secret work.
At the next mooting of the Macca
bees there will be two candidates Ini
tiated. In the near futuro tbe drill
team of on of the Portland lodges
will come to Oregon City to put on
the floor work, and a public meeting
will bo hold.
Scorchsd Tsbl Llnn.
When the three men sal down lhf
lender of (ho Irlo began II tnllillli' In
Hpei'lloll of Hie liibleelolh. Presently
he pul his linger on several Hill"'
"Hee thlsi" he said b' Hu waiter
"Well," said the num. "Jtud lnr In
mind, won't )ou, dial these boles were
here when we nine In if And when we
gel through don't tin k n dollar on t"
our bill to pay for burned table linen "
"Plant's all right," m il the waller.
"I'll look oiil for thai."
The order havbet been given, the
cnudou diner elm Milled hi" remarks
still further "That In a III k Iho e
fellows have." ho hiiI.I "Somebody
burns Iho liibleeloi h with tqniHs from
u rh:nr nnd gels uw ny befme die d nu
ll go H discovered, nnil Iho t cvl . om. r.
If bo happens to bo a nini'lo r, Is binned
for Ills predecessors sins and Is
charged with the lost of the Mil n. I
have bud lo pay well for ether p
ple'i cnrelessmvM, no now 'd os I make
It ll point to examine t.thle. -lot h nt
ih' beginning of a m.ul" New YoC;
A Roysl tlititi.inr.
Tho K.s oml soli r ( I I I . e i Is ar 11.
fell III love Willi ll Ml.s Ii !m MiiecU
while nl I'lourucio. nili. .'-lie was one
of the biiM.-s In will l"': I" die S. ..!; !i
. row ll (11 lures I. 1111,1 IJll l I . ;ll H I I.e. I
Ills moii b. make no iillloi. e with one
of 1 1 re) 1 1 hollies of Mm ope. The
IKMcilH y seemed one to Im uicti only
lv llrasllc steps . i the ll I of tile
loVefS. bill l.ltlet ll S"t III 'h ).- Tt W.l l
Won, and he II wan who nbt.ibii .1 the
king's consent, She was very 111, and
a tl.iiigeroii.i operation vvus the only
chance of mi Is ; lo r lite. "If I under
go II nnd ll Is sue. ei fill, will v oil nl
low Oscar ntiil l.'l.l il lo be mm rled';"
she nsked the king, and of course the
king promised. A )enr Inter the ipieeti
was quite well c.Mln The lovets were
Iii her room when die king approached.
At the door be st ,-d and I kI Io.1,
MKs Munck was diiglio.; In the ipi .ti,
titl.l bo walled until II was. nr. Then
he ti.lv unci, held till one hind to hi
son nnd gave Ills oilier to VI s Munck.
nn.l so his plcd,: w is fill' licl u: d the
collide cutiie lnl lie lr Imppltiess
A Narrow Ctcpc.
All old .it. us man tell, iliu In. Idem
AM olio of the ti.itrovv ottipcn ho h.ol
III the show I, looms,! He hid ItalticI
Hons, zcU.is, leop.r.h. loilio- v oil
know -and nil sons of l. i.t. f pie),
bill Ibis, lie a)s, w ,u tut i s r west
soupe. It was w lien I;,' n h i i iohig
it dime mils, ami la M I' imoiI.i c
Hue day n mill in ri.er, d P.. dm
mine out i f the ti'.'liva. .tni ii w,li
a vnl .o In his h ml lis w. s ,i l,.- o liy
ls"irded Mil : i an I v. i 'i -i i, , . loisl i
lllld lirillS h'.e I 1 ' c Ii itl lie ll l it
ed lip a c .ii n.i i . i : ..I I. Mel i i., .'.est
ly, "Where Is tiio . 1 ,v tn.i--.-tt in "
The nliei "i I hi him nl d tin ii asked.
"Wiinl to ri , ep : '
"Vcs." Ill" h. iu.'i.l rtiilllger I' Id llbil
ptlellv, nlme.i l.isl.:.i "I'll to bo
etnpl 'Vod up then I'm the wllj tiiau."
"The luiiisiw es tpi'." niivs (he ex
elretts man, "l.iy hi tfle fae( pint Uo
liovvsiniet I:. an loard the man's re
mark mi l (h it the cnlnuaii was' tin
Fngllsliman, with no ene of humor,
who n.Wer lliouglu to repent It."- Hx
Oriom of tli Word "Muttsrd."
Hur llngllsh word "mustard'' Is
traceable In die I'reueli "inoiitardo,"
the origin of which Is curiously given.
In t:'.s2 Philip the Hold, duke of Bur
gundy, grunted In the town nf I MJon
the privilege of Ix-nrlng his nrtnorlnl
euslgiis. with the inotlo "Moult me
lnr.le'' ("I wish iirtleutly"). In return
for n handsome contingent of n thou
sand men furnlsh.il lo lilin at his ex
pense. 'tensed Willi the royal cou
desceiisloii, die nillliorllles t.rderi' l the
device lo be ntllxe.l over Hie prlnelpnl
gales of the city. Time or nocldont nt
length obliterated the middle word,
and the two remaining, moult tarde.
were printed on the lubels which the
uieri'hiintH nf IMJoii pnstetl on pots In
whh h they sent this comm.Hllty nil
over the world.
Ths Word "Wsllop."
The origin nf the familiar vernacu
lar verb "to wnllop" ts not generally
known. It comes from the family
tinitio of the curls of Portsmouth. Sir
John Wallop, K. (!., was ndnilrnl
commander In Hie reign of King Hen.
ry VIII. of the licet which avenged
French raids by burning French ships
nnd twenty-one French villages. This
wns culled, In the current parlance of
the times, "walloping" theni. nnil tho
phrase passed Into tbe IniiKiinge and
A Convsnltnt Topio.
"I wonder what persuaded Mr. Wig
gins to liellevft In relnenriuillou?"
"The fact." replied Miss Cnyetnie,
"that so few people know nnythlng
bout It. It enables him to have the
conversation ulmnat entirely to hlin-elf."-Wnshlngton
A Man's Birthday.
We do not know whence n man comes
nor whither he goes, yet we choose his
birth or death day to celebrate his re
curring century, We should choose ,
his day of nehlevement.-Ixjiulon Sat
Ilraldsen Tapes-Yes, I'm fired dis
charged without any reason! Sllksoti
Thredtl Well, you didn't hnvo any
when you took tho Job, did you?
Syracuse I lent Id..
"The unlucky In love tire suld to be
lucky nt curds,"
"What good does It do 'em ? They
cnli't get out nights to play." Ex
Notice of Orange Meeting,
Tho annual county convention of
tho Patrons of Husbandry, for Clack
amas County, will convene In Oro
gon City, Tuesday, Murch 9, at 1:30
P. M. This meeting Is called for tho
purpose of electing (G) flvo roprosoii
tutlves to attend the annual session
of tho Oregon State Orange to bo
hold at McMlnnvlllo, commencing, the
2nd Tuesday In May, 1909.
MARY B. HOWARD,
Deputy State Mastor.