Image provided by: Oregon City Public Library; Oregon City, OR
About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1891-194? | View Entire Issue (June 10, 1904)
OREGON CITY ENTERPRISE, FRIDAY, JUNE 10, 1904.
Oregon City Enterprise
Published Every Friday.
One year 11.58
Bix months 75
Trial subscription two months. . 25
Advertising rates on application.
Subscribers will find the date of ex
piration stamped on their papers fol
lowing their name. If this is not
changed within two weeks after a
payment, kindly notify us. and the
matter will receive our attention.
Entered at the post office at Oregon
City, Oregon, as second-class matter.
FRIDAY, JUNE 10, 1904.
As predicted in the Enterprise last
week, Monday's election resulted in
the election of the entire Republican
county ticket by satisfactory majori
ties. There was no reason why such
should not be the result. Every man
on the ticket from congressman to
constable received a majority. While
the result was entirely expected, still
the verdict of Monday Is as well a re
pudiation of the disgusting tactics to
which the Democrats and their organ
resorted as it is an endorsement of
Any possibility of success for any
candidate on the Democratic ticket
was dispelled by the work of the Cour
ier. That paper in behalf of the nom
inees on its ticket conducted a cam
paign of deliberate insinuation and
malicious misrepresentation as to
county affairs and the manner in
which the county business had been
transacted by the Republican officers
who were successful in their candi
dacy for a second term. In its last
Issue before the election that paper
published an abusive article, one col
umn in length, in which the Repub
licans were assailed and charged with
"gross negligence and wilful extrava
gance," and employing the "grossest
misrepresentation in their efforts to
retain their hold upon the offices."
But the voters had been warned
against Just such rot as this, which
was expected from that quarter at
the eleventh hour when it was too
late for refutation. The result was
that but little Influence was exercised
by the false accusations and the en
tire Republican ticket was elected, as
was confidently predicted at the be
ginning of the campaign.
But with the victory there is at
tached the responsibilities of the var
ious offices, or rather, a continuation
of the same responsibilities that were
bo readily assumed and have been so
satisfactorily discharged during the
last two years. We do not fear but
that with the expression of confidence
in the entire ticket that was made
Monday, these same obligations and
responsibilities will be equally as
faithfully discharged during the next
two years as they were met in the
first term. The same policies that
have been inaugurated along efficient
and economical lines in the manage
ment of county affairs should be con
tinued. The indebtedness of the
county during the next two years
must be still further reduced and, if
possible, entirely eliminated. The
county court has arrangld for consid
erable road construction work this
summer and other highways all over
the county will receive attention. The
expenses of the county must be the
least that is possible and at the same
time be consistent with a business
like management of the interests of
the county. Clackamas county is one
of the richest and most promising
counties in the state. It has extensive
resources, still undeveloped, and will
In the next few years experience an
unprecedented growth. With a con
tinuance of the present conservative
policies of the county officers, the con
dition of the county two years hence
will be greatly Improved and the oc
casion of probable Democratic inter
ference at that time will be more dis
In Ward No. 2, a Democratic voter
marked his ticket straight and voted
affirmatively on local option. His
Democratic qualifications have been
Vindication of the charges preferred
against him was had by Sheriff
Bhaver, who was re-elected by an ln
creased majority. Such underhanded
methods as were employed against
Sheriff Shaver are invariably repudi
ated by an intelligent constituency.
"We are just getting ready to do t
complete Job two years hence," com
mented a Democratic war-horse to a
Republican voter the day after Mon
day's Waterloo. But If the Republi
can officers continue for the ensuing
two years the satisfactory administra
tion of county affairs that has been In
augurated, there will be no ocasion
for a Democratic ticket at all, or in
fact opposition of any kind two years
hence. Keep the good work np.
Nothing to It.
was a clean sweep.
Everything from constable to con
It is -still Superintendent Zinser, if
"The only thing we got, was local
option." Dr. V. E. Carll.
Did you notice the vote that "awful!
man" Jim Nelson received? i
"We have agatu met the enemy and
we are theirs." Chairman E'oy.
That tax receipt will be signed by
John R. Shaver for two years to come.
Following the proposition of stock ' not until lS'.'S that the electric roads
running at large, on the official ballot! began to demand recognition In the
an Oregon City voter wrote the words ; field of short-haul passenger traffic.
"1 don't give a ." j We have now arrived at a period In
o : this development where comparisons
Malicious and cowardly Democratic of passenger statistics ' on steam
deception and misrepresentation has roads that must compete with Inter
again had its reward not a man on . urban electric roads for short-haul
the ticket was elected.
At the request of a majority of the
people of Clackamas county, Sheriff
Shaver has decided to postpone re
turning to his farm at Molalla until
July, 1906. '
Chairman Rands conducted a clean
campaign for the Republicans and
finds pleasant satisfaction In his work
in the election of the entire ticket.
He was capably assisted by C. Scheu
bel, as secretary.
After all, the Republicans should
extend the Courier a vote of thanks.
The efficiency of its services In ac
complishing the election of the entire
Republican ticket should at least bet
It was a bard fight for them to
carry, but Sheriff Shaver and Super
intendent Zinser were equal to the
occasion. The Democrats sacrificed
their entire ticket In hopes of elect
ing Ely and Starkweather, respect
ively, to these offices.
The Republicans of Clackamas
county did the right thing in carrying
the county for Hermann and contrib
uting to the large majority by which
the present congressman has been re
turned to Washington. It is only re
grettable that the aajority in this
county was not larger.
Clackamas county may well be
proud of casting 1000 of the 20,000 ma
jority that was cast In Oregon Monday
for the state ticket. It was a flatter
ing endorsement of President Roose
velt and his progressive policies and
Clackamas county Is right In the band
wagon with a substantial testimonial
Judge Wm. Galloway's many Clack
amas county friends congratulate him
on his election to the circuit Judge
ship In the Third Judicial district. It
was a decisive victory, since the dis
trict is strongly Republican and Mr.
Galloway was opposed by B. L. Eddy,
the popular and capable young Repub
lican of Tillamook county.
In view of the strong fight that was
waged particularly against him, Supt.
of Schools Zinser is to be congratu
lated on his re-election. Not only
are congratulations due Mr. Zinser,
but also the schools of the county,
the Interests of which have been very
much advanced during the first term
of Supt. Zinser's Incumbency.
By 'a decisive majority the people
of Clackamas county expressed them
selves Monday as being opposed to the
Importation of a young man from
Multnomah county to keep the records
of this county so long as popular
Henry Stevens was available for the
place. Henry's majority of nearly
1200 rivals the flattering vote he re
ceived two years ago.
A solicitor for a Democratic paper,
published not many miles from Ore
gon City, called at the court house
one day recently and called the at
tention of one of the county officials
that his subscription to that paper
had about expired. "If I owe your
paper anything I wish to pay it, but
if it owes me anything you are wel
come to it. I do not care for the
paper any longer," was the somewhat
abrupt manner in which the now ex
subscriber dismissed the solicitor.
Charles Ely is a popular and honor
able young man, but his defeat for
the office of sheriff was practically
certain from the start. In fact no
Democrat could have been elected
sheriff at this time and others in the
minority ranKs, recognizing inis iaci,
declined the nomination, which was
thrust upon Ely. At a more oppor
tune time, one of these same parties
who dared not face the music this
year, will accept the nomination and
Ignore the claims of Ely thereto and
the fact of the surprising run he made
for the office last Monday.
TROLLEY COMPETITION WITH
I The remarkable development of In
j ter-urban trolley lines and the con
I stant enlargement of their field of
! traffic have naturally aroused much
I discussion of present competitive eon
I ditions between steam and electric
roads, lluve the Inter-urban electric
lines drawn passenger traffic away
from the steam mads, or have they
created an entirely new business and
j incidentally operated as "feeders" for
the main lines? 'supply the
Discussion of this question four or! Herald,
five years ago was profitless because I
of the lack of traffic statistics upon.
ii iv It ... ... ... i.....-r... .. ,m,
until IM'j tnat the independent rail
way systems of cities began to ex
pand Into "Inter-urban" lines, con
necting towns and cities over wide
; stretches of country. And it was not
traffic are Interesting and Instructive.
We need not consider the rival claims
j of competitors. We have the facts In
concrete Instances before tis.
An Interesting, compilation of pas
senger statistics on electric and
steam roads In localities where the
short-haul competition has been sharp
and where It has covered a period of
sseveral years Is made by Ray Morris
In the June Atlantic. In 1893 the
Lake Shore & Michigan Southern car
ried lOt.426 west-bound and 9S.588
east-bound passengers between Cleve
land and Oberlin, Ohio, a distance of
thirty-four miles. A network of elec-1
trie lines around Cleveland was prac-
tically completed In 1S96. In 1902 the
competition was so severe that the
steam road carried a total of 91.7C1
passengers between Cleveland and
Oberlli. against a total of 203.014
seven years before.
Between' Cleveland and Palnesvllle,
twenty-nine miles, and Intermediate
points, the LakeShore carried a total
of 199.292 passengers, or an average of
16.60S a month in 1S93. and 28,7"$. or
an average of 2.392 a month, In 1902.
Before the building of an electric
road from Ann Arbor, Mich., to De
troit, a distance of forty miles, the
purely local business of the Michigan
Central railroad between these points
was estimated at about 200 passengers
a day. During the first summer after
It was opened the electric road aver
aged 4,000 passengers a day between
The really significant thing about
the figures compiled by Mr. Morris Is
not the traffic lost by the steam roads,
but the entirely new traffic created by
the electric lines. The inter-urban
trolley lines induce "the traveling
habit," and while they have cut into
the short-haul passenger traffic of the
steam roads, there Is
no doubt that
the development of this "traveling , frau(1 and extravagance. The revela
habit" has made them great "feeders" j ti()ag n the Hcan,iaB wnch have been
for the long-haul business of Bteamjthe basis of Indictments and criminal
railroads all over the country.
0 " ' '
CHICAGO IS ADVERTISING FO
The Chicago board of education Is
advertising for teachers for the pub
lic schools. The condition which has
Impelled the board to attempt to re
coup Its teaching force by this unusual
method Is a novel one. A few years
ago Chicago suffered from an embar
rassment of riches in the way of
teaching talent. The "waiting list"
was always long and the pressure
brought to bear in behalf of appli
cants was varied and persistent.
Now the board despairs of securing
enough capable teachers for the next
school year to fill vacancies and new
The threatened dearth of teachers
Is attributed by Superintendent Coo
ley to several causes, the most Import
ant being the constant raising of the
standards of requirement without cor
responding advances In salaries, and
the greater opportunity offered wo
men In other lines of professional and
With over 5000 teachers employed
In the Chicago public schools, the va
cancies occurring each year naturally
make heavy inroads upon the 're-1
serves" who have passed the regular
examinations for teachers. Add to
these vacancies the new positions cre-
ated by the completion of new school '
buildings, and It Is found that for the
coming school year at least 400 new
teachers will be needed. To supply
these only 150 names are on the "on
call' list, while the number of gradu
ates from the Chicago normal school
this year will be only a fifth of the
average class, which a few years ago
What Is the remedy for this condi- j
tlon? Of course the first remedy that
gUggeHt8 itself is an Increase in sal-
aries to the end that greater induce
ments may be offered to educated
women to qualify for the positions in
the schools. The elimination of "pull"
and the final establishment of the
"merit system" in the appointment
of the teachers has naturally raised j
the standards of qualification. The
Introduction of manual training and I
domestic science and the doing away
with "special teachers" In drawing
and music have also Increased the i
difficulties in the way of qualifying j
for positions In the Chicago schools.
While the board Is attempting to i
fill these 400 places with teachers from
other cities and towns, would It not
be wise to carefuly consider plans for
greutly enlarging Chicago's facilities i
j for graduating
trained teachers to i
local demand. Record-
,Vr,Ipi u, moN, ,.,.,, n8lllt ;
Hf 10 ollotUm .Moh.Ihv WBlt tuw VOtO ,
I on the several amendments proposed
I by Initiative petition. This Is espe-'
daily true on the slate printer ques- '
' tlon. This amendment was not genu- j
rally understood by the voters. There
existed In tlio minds .pf many electors
the Idea that by voting for this amend
ment they were voting to abolish the
office of state printer, but that Is
where they were deceived. The only
change In the situation Is that the
amendment, the constitutionality of i
which Is being questloued, takes the
election of state printer out of the
hands of the people and gives the leg
islature the right to name the officer
and fix his compensation. Another
surprise was the vote cast In this
county on the local option. The re
sult on this proposition Indicates a
quiet but vigorous contest on the part
of the friends of the measure. The i
direct primary nominations measure
received the large vote that was ex
pected for It. The people generally
wanted such a law. Farmers, as a
rule, are opposed to the running at j
large of stock, and It was perhaps be
cause of a misunderstanding of the i
,,, , ,u .,,, ,.,., ,hL, ,,.,
proposition was carried.
In 189t! the total revenues of the
jxist office department were less than
S3.0mi,ooo. Their estimated amount
for the current fiscal yeac is im.
Oon.pni), of which twenty millions, or
nearly one-seventh of the whole. Is
devoted to the rural free delivery sys
tem, under which 12,5'hi,imki people,
living in country or seml-urbun dis
tricts, have their mail brought dully
to their doors. The lnixirtance of the
revolution which has gone on in pos
tal affairs can hardly be over eslmat
ed. The old Idea that the man dwel
ling outside city limits must go to
the local post office for his letters and
newspapers Is rapidly disappearing.
At the present rate of progress It will
not be. many yvears before a large ma
jority of American citizens In rural
communities will enjoy practically
the same postal privileges as the In
habitants of the towns and cities,
which already contain one-third of
the population of this republic. It
goes without saylnghat this unpre-
i ( rtiniit'u tAununiuu .11 iuc (invite
.. I - Y. ..I
, i.rlns with If lnrrfaxeri dangers of
prosecutions afford conclusive evi
dence of this. The statement has
been given out that President Roose
velt proposes not only to continue the
Investigation which has proved so
fruitful, but that he is determined to
hold inspectors and other subordi
nates to a strict responsibility In or
der to minimize the chances of fresh
Especial Interest attaches to the
presidential election of this year for
the reason that It Is the first to be
held under the new apportionment.
The last three contests were conduct
ed under the apportionment of 1890.
The electoral college then contained
447 votes, 224 being a majority. The
new apportionment gives a total of
476 electors, 239 constituting a ma
jority. No state shows a decrease in
Its apportionment. The Increase Is
divided as follows: New York, Illi
nois and Texas, 3 each; Minnesota,
New Jersey and Pennsylvania, 2 each;
Arkansas, California, Colorado, Con
necticut, Florida, Louisiana, Massa
chusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, North
Carolina, North Dakota, Washington,
West Virginia and Wisconsin, 1 each.
In the new electoral college New
York comes first, with 39 votes; Penn
sylvania second, with 34; Illinois third
with 27; and Ohio fourth, with 23.
Missouri and Texas have each 18;
Massachusetts follows with 16; then
Indiana with 15, and Michigan with
14; Georgia, Iowa, Kentucky and Wis
consin have 13 each; New Jersey,
North Carolina, Tennessee and Vir
ginia each foot up 12; Alabama and
Minnesota have each 11; California,
Kansas and Mississippi follow with
1(4; Arkansas, Louisiana and South
Carolina 9; Maryland and Nebraska
g; Connecticut and West Virginia 7; .
Maine 6; Colorado, Florida and w ash-
ington 5; New Hampshire, Oregon,1
North Dakota and Vermont 4; Dela-'
ware, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah
and Wyoming 3.
In arriving at this apportionment
each state Is given as many electors
as it has congressmen and senators.
ANcgclaUk' Pre pnrntionfbr As-slmilnllnfilticFtxxJamlHctJula-tmg
(tic Stuinuchs mid Bowls of
ness and Host Contains nellkr
(.hiuiin.Morplunp nor Mineral.
Aporfccl Remedy forConslipfl
Hon, Sour Stouuvh.Diarrhowi
Worms .Convulsions .Fcwrjsh
nrss mid Loss or Sleep.
Facsimile Signature of
EXACT COPY Of WHAPFCIt
Do Your Work Work (1"a-nUc'1
We do a General Ilfigniij;e and Transfer Hhhum-sh.
Safes, Pianos and Furniture Moved
OUioe Opposite Masonic ltnililing
"'ZZSlS Williams Bros. Transfer Co.
Thus a state with one congressman
has three votes In the electoral col
lege. The change In the number of elec
tors has no particular political bear
ing. In the old college the South, In
eluding Kentucky and Maryland, had 1 makeup of the electoral college the
ISO; now It has 1.19. New York, New four large states of N-w York, 1'enn
Jersey ami Connecticut formerly hnd xylvMiila, Illinois und Ohio have 113
52; at present they have IS. The
total Increase In the college Is 29. '
There Is a probability of seven pres-1
Mentis! tickets in the field, with a
possibility of even more. The Social- i
ists have already nominated Eugene
V Debs, snd h Polsl Lals.r party
also promises to nominate.. The Re -
publicans, Democrats and I'ndilbl-
tionlsts will, of course, each have a
ticket. The Populists, whose conven
tion occurs at Springfield, III., on
July 4, say that they will name a
ticket. In addition, a convention Is
already called to place a negro candi
date in the field. In case of a bolt
from any of these conventions still
another ticket Is possible.
In case one of the minor parties
should secure enough electoral votes
to prevent any candidate receiving a
majority of Jhe college, the election
would be thrown Into the present
house of representatives. In that
event, each state has one vote, the
majority of the congressmen from
the state deciding for whom the vote
shall be cast. In the same way the
vice president would be chosen by the
senate, voting by ballot.
The present house of representa
tives, before whom such a contested
election would be thrown, stands 207
Republicans to 177 Democrats, with
two or three vacancies. Voting by
' SEWING MACHINE
Do not he deceived by those who ad
vertise a l'K).(K) Hewing Machine for
f:).0O. This kind of a machine min
be bought from us or any of our
dealers from $15.00 to $ 18.00.
WC MARC VARIETY.
THE NEW HOME IS THE BEST.
The Feed determine the atreriirth or
'weak news of Hewing Machines. The
Double J eed coinlilne! with other
strong points makes the .w Home
the best Hewing Machine to buy.
in 'i-r mnniii inn hwin th dir.
(J WnUULAHu J "-"1 ""
we numufuctureiinil uric u-f.re uurctim
TEE KEV HOME IEWINC JSACHE CO.
28 Union Bq. TS. Y., Chicago, 111., Atlanta, Ua,
fcL IxraU.Mo Dal la,Tex., Han XruneUoo, (Jul
C. 8. CRANE, 360 Morrison Street,
f ortland, Orogon.
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
Always Bought 1
m humm msmh. fM (IT.
states, the result would be 29 Repub
lican to 15 Democratic, the vote of
Rhode Island being a tie. The present
senate stands 67 Republicans and 23
It Is Interesting to note that In the
votes, or two inure tlinn twenty-two
of the smaller states.
Considerable speculation Is heard
to the total of the popular vote. This
will depend, of course, on the Interest
taken In the contest. In 1892 It was
12.(1.19.351. In 1890 It sprang to the,
j phenomenal figures of 1.1.923,102, and
j In I9uti was 1:1,9.19,673. A similar
1 average Increase would put It well up
Jo the 1 5,000.000 mark this year.
Don't make any mistake, but re
member the name, Swamp-Root, Dr.
Kilmer's Swamp Root, and the ad
dress, Blnghatnlton, N. Y, on every
2,(KK) miles of long dis
tance telephone wire in
Oregon, Washington, Cali
fornia and Idaho now in
ojieration by the Pacifio
Station Telephone Com
pany, covering 2,250
Quick, accurate, cheap
All the satisfaction of a
Distance no effect to a
clear understanding. Spo
kane and San Francisco
aa eanily heard as Port
land. Oregon City office at -
Harding's Drur Store.
Near Huntley's Drug Store,
FORTY YEARS EXPERIENCE N
Ureat Britain and America.
rPHI COMMERCIAL BAMK
or ORiaoM cut.
Loans mad. Bills dlicounusd. Makat Ml
(action . BnTtandielliaichancaon allDotnl
Inth.UnitBut., Inropa and Hon. Yc
Depoilta racalTcd lablMt to kk k.-l
Pd from t A. . to4 r. u.
0. C. LATOCMTTI, Praddcat.
r l. Mil IB. Cuklsr.