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About The banner-courier. (Oregon City, Or.) 1919-1950 | View This Issue
THE BANNER-COURIER, OREGON CITY, OREGON. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1922.
AGRICULTURE AND LIVESTOCK NEWS
Up-to-date Information to Help Develop Progressive Farming
THE PEOPLE'S SAY
BUTTER AND CHEESE MEN IN
NEED OF TRAINED HELPERS
Oregon dairy manufacturers have
found that quality of produce, as well
as economy of operation depends large
ly on the quality of their butter, cheese
and ice-cream makers, and are inter
ested in the manufacture courses at
Only experienced men have been
admitted until recently when the ban
against inexperience was lifted and
untrained men may have the benefit of
special courses beginning January 2.
Skilled help is scarce, and factory man
agers may aid their own business by
finding suitable raw material for
training to do the skilled work.
One egg now is worth two in the
spring. It is important that the binds
go to roost with a good full crop
during eold weather. A little extra
grain in a trough an hour after the
regular grain feeding at night will help
ta obtain this condition. It takes more
fuel for the hen's furnace during cold
weather and heavy production than
when the birds are molting and resting.
O. A. C. Exp. station.
worth here the "year thru from $1.00 to
J1.50 more per hundred than in Chi
cago. Great advantage to Oregon
Swine breeders is here evident.
It is apparent that hogs are the most
profitable farm crop today. They are
and alwys will be the "mortgage rais
ers." There will be an increasing de
mand for breeding hogs because of the
high price of pork and the low price
offered. No thinking farmer will sell
wheat at $1.00 a bushel when he can
feed it to hogs worth 10 to 12 cents a
pound. The wise ones will right now
increase their herds of swine and do
it with the best blood obtainable for
the best pay the largest profit. Breed
ers of experience with purebreds will
keep only purebreds whether they are
breeding for meat or for stock.
Wasco county peach growers Spray
ed practically 100 per cent last winter
for peach curl, for the first time. One
half the peaches in that section are
Elberta, the most susceptible variety
to this disease. The result was that
where previously heavy losses had been
experienced there were none this year.
O. A.C. Experiment station.
Bees need be kept quiet for the next
two or three months. Avoid disturbing
them for any reason, if possible. . If
late feeding is necessary it should be
done as quickly as possible by using
warm syrup. O. A. C. Experiment Sta
tion. .- Ordering queen bees for early deliv
ery is advisable at this time, as the
queen supply is limited.
More Mortgage Lifters Needed.
(By George DeBok)
Where are the hogs? Only 42691
breeding hogs are on Oregon's 50206
farms and this includes scrubs as well
as purebreds. What a sermon for our
farmers! No wonder times are hard.
We must have more hogs and we are
going to have them.
Oregon and the northwest are the
swinebreeders' paradise. There the
hog grows to the greatest perfection.
A pound of pork can be produced
cheaper here than in any other part
of the nation. Live hogs are are worth
$9.50 to $10.00 per hundred weight on
the Portland market. And they are
Hides Not All Alike.
"Packer hides" are those removed in
the larger packing houses where the
method of taking off and curing is uni
form, and are closely sorted as to
grade. "Country hides" are those tak
en off on farms or in small slaughter
houses. They vary in method of cut
ting, are seldom properly cured, are
gashed more than packer hides, and
are not sorted to uniform grades.
Packer hides are classified into
steers, bulls and cows, in each of which
the subclasses are "natives" and
"branded" and into calf hides subdi
vided into "kips," "packer calves" and
Native steers are graded as
"spready" when at least six and one
ed flat. "Heavy" native' steers weigh
60tpounds at least in the cured state,
"lights" from 50 to 60 pounds, while
"extreme lights" run down to 25
Branded steers are graded as "butts"
when the brand is on the rump, as "Col
orados" when branded along the side,
and as "heavy," "light" and 'extreme
light Texas," also side branded, some
times with several brands due to
Calf hides weigh under 25 pounds.
"Kips" weigh from 15 to 25 pounds,
and "packer calves" less than 15
pounds. "Slunks" are skins of un
Spready steers are used for furni
ture and automobile leather for the
most part, heavy and light natives for
harnesses and bating leather and ex
treme light natives for upper leather.
Branded steers are used for sole leath
er. Country hides are classified as
"heavies," weighing 60 pounds up;
"buffs," weighing 45 to 60 pounds, "ex
tremes," weighing 25 to 45 pounds;
with "kips" and "calfskins" as in pack
er hides. "Deacons" are calf hides
weighing-less than 7 pounds. "Fallen
hides" are those removed from dead
animals, and "glues" are unfit to cure.
From late fall or early winter to
June 1 hide buyers always examine
each hide for holes made by the grubs
of the warble fly. "Grubby" hides are
those containing five or more grub
holes and sell at 1 cent a pound under
the rest. ' .
Contributions to this column are
Grate one large or two small apples,
beat the white of an egg till it stands,
then beat into that one cup of sugar
and to this add the grated apple and
beat it all' for 15 minutes, till it looks
and tastes like whipped cream. This
makes a fine filling for a cake or a
dressing over anything where you
would use whipped cream. Try it.
A. W. B.
3 eggs, y2 cup butter, 1 cup sugar,
& cup sweet milk,- teaspoon va
nilla, 1 1-2 cups flour, 2 level teaspoons
baking powder. Bake in layers.
Filling 1-2 grated pineapple, 1 grat
ed lemon, 3-4 cup milk, 1 teaspoon
cornstarch. Cook in double boiler.
One cup flour, one-half cup good yel
low cornmeal, one-fourth cup sugar or
a tablespoon of honey, one-half teas
pon cream of tartar, one-half teaspoon
soda crushed fine before measuring,
one cup sweet milk, one egg, one table
'Mix all the dry ingredients together
thoroughly, add . the milk, into which
the egg has been added, well beaten,
and the shortening, melted the last
thing. MISS A. B.
One-half cup of sugar, one-fourth cup
of butter os butter substitute, one egg,
one cup of bran, one-half teaspoonful
of baking powder, one-half teaspoonful
of salt, one-half teaspoonful of vanilla,
two tablespoonfuls of milk, flour to
make stiff enough to handle (about
three-fourths of a cup). Cream butter;
add sugar gradually; then egg well
beaten; stir in bran and all milk and
flour; roll, shape and bake for fifteen
minutes in moderate oven. .Make same
size as ginger-snaps.
Influence of Breed
The breed of a dairy cow has
a distinct influence on the water
content of her milk. For ex--ample,
Jersey milk as an aver
age contains 14.7 per cent total
solids, of which 5.35 per cent is
fat, while Holstein milk con
tains, on the average, 11.85 per
cent total solids, of which 3.42
per cent Is butterfat. In other
words every 100 pounds of Jer
sey milk contains 85 pounds of
water, while every 100 pounds
of Holstein milk contains 88
pounds of water. The differ
ence in feeding value amounts
to 2.61 pounds of milk solids per
100 pounds of milk in favor of
There's Money in Milking.
The greatness of the dairy industry
Is more appreciated now than1 for sev
eral years past. Dairying actually
shows a gain during the past year of
several hundred million dollars, while
most of the other farm branches show
losses Info the billions.
Replacing the low producing cows
with better ones and later with pure
breds Is only one of the ways in which
dairy improvement association helps
ALFALFA CROP OF MANY USES
Leads ai Forage; Unsurpassed as
Hay; Has High Carrying
Capacity as Pasture.
No forage crop cultivated in the
United States is used successfully in
so many ways as alfalfa. It is more
nearly a perfect forage than any other
crop grown in this country. It is un
surpassed as. hay for general feeding
and has a high carrying capacity as
pasture. With proper handling good
results can be obtained with it as a
soiling crop. It makes excellent
silage and when ground into meal is
a good and easily handled feed. Al
falfa is so highly regarded as forage
that some persons have attempted to
create a demand for it as human food.
Enthusiasts have tried to show that
it has medicinal value. However, it
cannot compete as food with other
staple crops and, so far as known, it
has no special medicinal properties.
Alfalfa is not only valuable as a
forage crop, but also as a soil im
prover. It is not well adapted to
short rotations, but the cropping plan
on most farms can be arranged so as
to handle the crop conveniently.
Calves Need Much Water.
Calves should have all the water
they want to drink. They will not
drink very much at a time but If it is
before them all the time they will
drink considerable in a day.
FEED DRY COW ON ROUGHAGE
Daily Allowance of Bran or Oats Is
Favored Cabbage and Pumpkins
Are Very Good. ;
During the eight or ten weeks that
cows go dry, their food should be
chiefly roughage. A dally allowance
of two pounds of bran or oats, or a
mixture of two parts each of bran
and oats and one part of linseed meal
or corn-oil meal makes a proper feed
for a cow hear calving. Some roots,
cabbage, pumpkins, or squashes are
also very good. Highly carbonaceous
roughage, such as straw and corn
stalks, Is not good at this particular
time. Such feeds, with cold water,
cold drafts, or lying out at night on
damp or frozen ground, are the chief
causes of caked udder or garget.
HOW TO BUY
ST- " 01
n Wf f It II OB
3 F53Tfi si " is
ft-Tawirn n ii st a
at ii rr m
ii a iM
To the Editor: '
The question of education is now be
fore the people of Oregon in such a de
veloping form that unless the people
are watchful the incoming legislature,
as well as other future ones, will make
our' public school system a machine
that will blight 'what is left '. of our
original American spirit. Indeed, I be
lieve this is the motive of our "educa
tors." They prate about the grandeur
of our public schools, but we can't help
but feel uneasy. We have reasons to
doubt their sincerity in spots.
These "educators," ' headed by the
state superintendent, play on our af
fections with beautiful phrases, but at
the same time they quietly and slowly,
yet systematically, get one law after
another through the legislatures that
will make a Prussianized school when
they finally get through. Just sleep on
a little longer, fellow citizens.
Any class, except the farmer and the
working man, can get anything they
want from our legislatures. The edu
cational system, , in conjunction with
our medical system, can already poison
our children's systems with rotten cow-
pus or debar them from school when
ever they get the notion. They have
also succeeded in getting a law passed
that gives the state, superintendent the
power to take away from any teacher
their life diploma, granted -to them by
the educational board of this state, un
less you read annually some book des
ignated by a certain class. And a
county superintendent can likewise
prevent you teaching. Thus, they have
the teachers already corralled and to
their disgrace, be it said, most of the
teachers are already tamed.
Can you look far enough into the
future to see the effect of such "train
ed' teachers on your children and
mine? Like dumb animals who per
form as their master directs? Fed on
the kind of feed (books) an upper (?)
class will order eventually? Yes,
friends, this is the situation now, but
more to follow. The County Unit Sys
tem, they call it, is the next step. By
this plan the right to hire their own
teaohers will be taken away from the
various districts. The county .superin
tendent will have the greatest say as
to who shall teach our children. Then
to make it still more solid, the super
intendent will no longer be elected by
the people! And this is going to be
put over while you sleep!
If educators of this state are per
mitted to: finish what they have begun,
you will have, in the near future, a
system of education in this state
where, in order to obtain position,
money and "beauty" will talk, and
where a : : favorite of the court" and a
county nurse will "play ball" with
your children and mine.
Fellow citizens, this is the game.
Where do you stand? Are you still a
devoted friend of genuine American
ism in all its simplicity, or do you
favor the slow but steady growth of
absolutism on American soil? If, pur
chance, there are some amongst us
who favor absolutism, may future gen
erations forget you were our cuntry
men. . "
io UDtain ureaier Production Fowls
Should Be Young and of Good -Laying
For the largest profit a good pro
portion of the eggs should be laid
during the winter. If two extra eggs
a week can be obtained from each
hen, a good profit will be made, and
if the product Is increased by only
one egg a week In winter this one egg
will pay for all the feed the hen eats.
To obtain this greater production not
only should the fowls be young and
of a good laying breed but the feeder
should have a full knowledge of the
proper feed and Its preparation.
TRAINING LITTLE CITIZENS
7- . : ;
These Articles published weekly in these columns are v
Issued by the National Kindergarten Associ- -
at ion. New Ynrk Citv '.
'By Sophie Kitchener
"What adult deed is there that chil
dren will not at once imitate? There
fore be careful, you grown-up people,
what you do in the presence of these
little ones." Froebel.
The family is at breakfast, Mother,
Daddy, and baby ' Betty, aged two.
Everything is very cheerful and hap
py until fcaby decides she must have
the inside part of a rolL Now Mother
doesn't think the-soft hot bread is
good for baby's youthful stomach and
so she says, "No." n Betty becomes dis
gruntled and turns to her usual court
of appeal--Daddy. It happens, how
ever, that Daddy knowing that Mother
is right is in a quandary.- So for the
time being Betty , wails in disappoint
ment. But Mother has to see about
something in the kitchen. As soon
as she is well out of the room Daddy
leans over to Betty, stuffs the roll in
her mouth, and says, "Here hurry and
take it before your mother comes
This illustration speaks for itself.
What kind of -a standard is Daddy set
ting before his Betty who is in truth
the pride of his heart? Children learn
by imitation, and if tne examples set
them are not worthy, they can't be
expected to invent worthy ones all by
themselves. 'A parent's indulgence of
his child should not make him willing
to sacrifice the Child's future stand
ards to his present pleasure. With
parents it is often a case of its being
harder to discipline themselves than to
discipline their children. Because they
want the full wealth of their child's
love they buy it with weakness. As
a result receive a great deal of affec
tion, provided the child always gets
what it wants, and have a great deal of
trouble when it doesn't. True this little
Betty loves her Daddy and in any pre
dicament or childish unhappiness calls
always for him, but should he be proud
to be called by the baby whose love
he has brought with pampering?
What is more, such examples will
increasingly lower the baby's stamina
and will warp her viewpoint beyond
repair. For since children do develope
through imitation, Betty will probably
be the sort of little girl who must have
what she wants regardless of every
thing else;' all because her father
taught her how.
Therefore it is well for parents to
watch first their own weakness bo
there won't be so many for their chil
dren to imitate.
SKUNKS WILL DESTROY BEES
Visit Hives at Night and Scratch on
Outside Until Honey Gath
ers Come Out..
A report from Ohio received by the
biological survey of the United States
Department of Agriculture says that
skunks are giving a great deal of
trouble to bee-keepers In that region.
The skunks visit the hives at night
and scratch on the outside till the
bees come out As soon as they ap
pear the skunks eat them. The bio
logical survey recommends that under
such conditions the hives be fenced
in with chicken wire at least three
December 1 Crop Report.
A condition below the ten year aver
age over an acreage somewhat less
than last year is the Oregon winter
wheat situation as outlined in the lat
est report of F. L. Kent, Stetistician;
U. S.' Dept., of Agriculture,. .'
seeding has V
ager A report
in part, "Very o
fered with fall seeW
plowing and damageo.
sown. Fall wheat acre
of last year." Bakery'W!
Jefferson also' report acreage and con
dition much below normal. Umatilla,
Sherman, Wasco, .Morrow and Gilliam
counties, with about 72 per cent of the -
total state acreage of winter wheat
report about the same acreage as last
year, but with a somewhat lower con
In the western -part of the state
fall seeding conditions were' nearly
ideal and most growers had ample op
portunity to' seed all the winter wheat
acreage they cared to with the result ,
that the western Oregon acreage ap
pears to be considerably in excess of
that of last year. But only ten to fif
teen -per cent of the state's winter
wheat crop is grown in this- western '
The total Oregon acreage seeded
this fall is estimated at 852,00 acres
which compares with an estimate, of
861,000 acres seeded a year ago. Con
dition reports indicated 91 per cent of
normal on December 1, which com-,
pares with 92 per cent last year, 97 per
cent in 920,. and 92 per cent for the
ten years average. .-
The total U. S. acreage seeded this
fall is estimated at 46,069,000 which is
3.2 per cent less than the revised es
timate of 47,611,000 acres seeded last
fall. ; Condition of the U. S. crop is
reported as 79.5 per cent. December
1; condition last year was 76.0 per
cent; 1920 was 87.9 per cent and the 10
year average 87.9 per cent.
Go Home for
, Why not surprise the folks at home
with a visit at Yuletide? It .will make
them happy and you, too. Plan now to
take advantage of
Round Trip Fares
Between all stations where one-way fare is $30.00 oi
less. ! i. !
Sale dates: December 22,23,24,25,29,30 31, January
1st. Final return limit January 3rd. '
Frequent and Convenient Service will make your
journey a trip of pleasure.
For further particulars ask
agents or write
JOHN M. SCOTT,
General Passenger Agent
Every building is a
of your neighbors pre
sent entirely different
problems to the progres
sive agent. Choose the
insurance agency that
will give you individual
service and attention;
Let this agency of the
Hartford Fire Insurance
Co. advise you.
Let this agency of the
Hartford Fire Insurance
Co. advise you.
The Time to Buy
Is when others are not buying
when money is rather close
and prices are low.
When spring opens there Is
always a buyers' rush, and
prices always follow demand.
If you want a city home, a
farm or any property, look them
over now and save mone.y.
Come In and see what I have.
Seven strong companies, fire,
accident, burglary, forgery,
E. E. TEEPLE
7198'!Main, Oregon Or.
You Are Hoping to Do Some
EVERYONE is. It may mean going into business for
"yourself or rising to the top in the company where
you are employed. It may be marriage to the
girl, or maybe you are married already and the thing
you are hoping to- do is to build a cozy little . home
of your own.
PERHAPS it is an education for your children or
merely something big for yourself. Whatever it
is, the thing you are hoping to do can't . just
happen. It must be worked for and fought for and
the surest way to bring it about is a cash reserve, for
without money your ambition will always remain a
remote hope. -
START saving now. Be sure you are ready when
Bank of Oregon City
Oldest Bank in Clackamas County
Organized Forty-one Years Ago. ,
REAL ESTATE AND INSURANCE
Phone 377 620 Main S
-Oregon City, Oregon
More and Better
A NEW DISCOVERY.
Nature's Way of Production Greatly
F you wqnt
want when you
want it in the
WE HAVE IT!
The fruit buds mature and produce
much larger ' and more wholesome
fruit. Extremely large cherries and
they do not fall. Bear in mind that
fully fifty per cent of our cherries fall
before maturity." This may all be sav
ed, except for weather conditions, the
first year by the application of "More
house's Orchard tnvigorant," applied
bv expert horticulturists. All fruit
made to bring forth an abundance, as
the "Invigorant" feeds the fruit bear
ing buds. ; The serious bleeding, as
well as Bacterial Gummosis, in the
lherrie, . soon overcome, through the
perfect circulation of the sap. Roses
and all "the flower kingdom made to
respond with brighter tints; all cerials,
vegetables, forced into heavy produc
tion. Practical pruning, spraying, bud
ding and grafting done in proper sea
son. All .sprays have the invigorant
added free. "The wilderness and the
dry land shall be glad, and the desert
shall rejoice and blossom as the rose."
Write or call for further information.
Morehouse Orcharding Co.,
at 9 A. M.
The Most In Value
The Best In Quality
THE BEST IN QUALITYTHE MOST IN VALUE
at 5:30 P. M.
. . Saturdays
at 6 P. M.
'THE STORE THAT UNDERSELLS BECAUSE IT SELLS FOR CASH"
For the Men Practical Gifts
Everything arranged to serve you promptly, satisfactorily.
Unlimited assortments in thoroughly reliable qualities with only -our
well-known established low prices to pay. We would be pleas- .
ed to have you examine these offerings.
Men's Plain All-Linen Handkerchiefs, each - 25c
Men's Initial or Plain All-Linen Handkerchiefs, priced special ,
at 35c each or -1. 3 for $1.00
Men's Initial or Plain All-Linen Handkerchiefs, each ,. 50c
Men's Pongee Silk Handkerchief s, each -75c to $1.00
Men's Suspenders in Fancy Holiday Box, pair .. . 65c
Men's Suspenders in Fancy Holiday Box, pair ...$1.00
Men's Suspenders in Fancy Holiday Box, pair. .. $1.25
Men's Combination Suspenders and Garters, Holiday Box, set $1.25
: Men's Garters and Arm Bands in Fancy Holiday Box, set $75c
Men's Fruit of the Loom Neckband Shirts $2.00
Men's Silk Striped Neckband Shirts s -..$3.00
Men's Fiber Silk Neckband Shirts ..::......$4.45
Men's All-Silk Neckband Shirts . $4.50
Men's Pongee Neckband Shirts ' $5.00
BEADED AND EMBROIDERED
WAISTS AND BLOUSES AT $4.95
A gift selected from our extensive stock of beautiful white
Crepe de Chine Waists or Blouses in navy, poinsettia, henna or
jade insures a gift sure to be appreciated.
Phone Auto 647-