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OREGON CITY COURIER-HERALD. FRIDAY, APRIL 26 , 1901.
Oregon City Courier-Herald
By A. VV. CHENEY
inti:i.l ill Off son City pustolttce a 2nd-clum mutter
SUBSURIt'TJON KATE8. -
Pa'.A in mitmnpf. tiprvpnr 1 W
3ij months 'j
Aree months 'trial..., 26
' The date opposite your adrtreBB on the
aper denotes the time to which yon have paid.
I( tills notice Is marked your subscription Is due.
CLUBBING RATES. ' J-
With Weakly Orcgonlail..'. '2 J?
' - Niilicmitl Wiitfihmau ... .1 1 '
"" Appeal to Ktason J J
'" Weukly Kxauiiuur , ,-'
" Bryan's Commoner 1 7o
Hiamlina hiishifHs advert! cements: Per mouth
prorosslonalcards,U'J) pel year): 1 to 10 inohes
50c! or inoh, vi liione8 tor o, zu iiicnva ivuiuwm
$H, 3D Inches, $12.
Tranulent advertisements: Per week 1 Inch
Sue, 2 Inches 75o, 8 Indies $1,4 inches 1 i, 6
laches $1.50, 10 inches 12.50, 20 inches t
Lenal adverlinoments: Per in, h llrat lnser
1 onl, each additional insertion Oc. Affllavlts
of publication win not do lurnisLeu untu ii
Hf.Ai.inn fues are naid.
Lornat notion; five cents per line per week
per mouth zuc,
PATRONIZE HOME INDUSTRY
OREGON CITY, APRIL 20, 1901.
The government will never get rich by
engaging in the ship brokerage business.
. At the beginning of the war with Spain
it piid $1,292,000 for five vessels which
were offered by private patriots. Since
then it lias been able to sell these same
sl ips for the sum of $710,900. A simple
arithmetical process shows Uncle Sara
to be loser to the extent of $580,000. It
may be that the gentlemen who did the
purchasing for the government were al
together too anxious and overestimated
our danger. Wash. Post.
FfiATS are accomplished now that
within a very sliort period would have
been classed with Grecian fables. Re
cently iron is said to have been melted
in five seconds in an experiment carried
out by Louis Dreyfus, at Orange, N. J.
lie coyered an iron wrench in a crucible
with a secret composition and added a
small quantity of powdered aluminum.
The wrench, which was six inches long
and one-half inch thick, was melted in
five seconds after the mixture was set
on fire, the temperature being estimated
at 3000 degrees Oen.
Thomas Burke, formerly cluirtiun of
the Liverpool Workhouse Committee,
mikea the assertion in the current
Forum that two out of every five per
sons over sixty live years of age living
in England and Wales are paupers. Is
a system of civiliz.itiou that produces
xesults so disastrous to human welfare
not a total f.uluro, in fact, do not condi
tions here no less than in England show
tint it has broken down? Ii it
n it high time to try some other system,
the socialistic one, for instance? Assur.
edly it could not proiuoe more misery
than the present comnetitiva capitalist
George's Weekly of Denver interviewed
an Englishman at Colorado Springs who
had been three years in South Africa as
a Londou newspaper correspondent.
"There is but one outcome to the war,"
he said, "The Boers will fight until
there isn't a Boer left on Afr'c in soil,
and lie will keep tho entire English
army busy, and don't you forgot it, and
when England is through with the Boers
ihe will he hopelessly in debt. Just
keep your eye on Russia. Oom Taul
and the Czar understood ench other.
You arj going to hear something fall be
fore a great while."
By means of the Dinley protective
lurili", Amcric.in manufacturers rob
American consumers by the wholesale.
For example, steel ra Is are sold about
$11 per ton cheaper to the English than
to the American buyer. Charles Thul
lin, a ronnsylviiuia contractor, recently
secured a contract to supply nils for
Rusji.i'.s Siberian railway, llo asked
the leading Bteel trust companies here
for bid n. They ull asked him about $35
per ton, with freight to be p.dded. Mr.
Thullin went over to England, eublet
his contract to an English firm, and one
of tho s mie companies that had asked
him $35 plus freight here bold the rails
at $24 a ton delivered in Engl ind to tho
Mil. Urlggi has resigned the ollioe of
attorney-general of the United States to
join forces in New Jersey with tho fore
most corporation lawyer, Jam is B. Dill.
I'hilander C. Knox, of Pittsburg, attor
ney of the steel trust, has succeeded him.
J. I'ierpont Morgan, organizer of the bil-lton-dollar
steel trait, seleote 1 1C iox for
tho position. Assteol trust attorney Mr.
Knox was pVul fifty thousand dollar a
year. As attorney-general his salary
will bo only eight thomand dollars a
year. Mr. Knox sacrifices $12,000 year
ly, merely by giving up us steel trust
practice t J say luth'm of auy other
private corporation practice. Interest
ing figures, are they not?
Ma.nt FAcri'MBits of miciuj machinery
and of stationary engines are discuss'ng
the formation of a new combination
which will embrace companies whose
plants are valued at approximately $30,
000,000. This combination, when com
pleted, is to control the output of Ameri
can mining machinery and will be. table
to fix pimes therefor. A Irudt , is also
foiming which is tocombine fhu mines
of the soft coul region into one manage
ment with it capital-of $7.1,000,003. Day
and iiiht the wealth of the country . is
concentrating in the hands: of tho un
scrupulous few. The future life of lib
erty in America cannot be measured by
years; it is but a question of days and
months, if indeed the time lias not , al
ready i ai rived, when self-government
8'iall cease in the United Slates.
Weal this power; it comprises the means
of Hie, t;nd when the control of exist
ence itself is Iit-lil by a few men the pop
ulace must perforce become mere slaves
Swift subjugation is at hand. Friedom
vaunting American, are you going to
A GRAVE QUESTION.
The principles laid down in the cele
brated "mixed money" case, tried in
Ireland before the English chief justices
in 1004, render it evident that the legal
ity of Ihe recent monetary legislation of
Ihe United .States congms is open to
question. It surrenders the issuance of
money and the retirement of money to
the banks. It pledges the national
treasury, and afler it, every individual
and corporatio l in the country, to the
payment of its indebtedness in gold
metal, whether the tame is current in
coins at the date of payment, or not.
In other words, it makes ull contracts
payable in money of the day of contract
instead of in money of the day of pay
ment. This principle has been the sub
ject of discussion of for upwards of 2500
years. It divided parlies in Rome dur
ing the commonwealth ; it divided them
during the empire ; it divided them dur
ing the middle ages; it divided them
during the renaissance; it divided them
during the last century; and it divides
them yet. Hundreds of works have
been written on this subject and none
more learned nor replete with sound
doctrines than those which were written
during the sixteenth and seventeeth
centuries. During this period many le
gal decisions were rendered on the sub
ject, all of them laying down the princi
ple in unmistakable terms that con
tracts were only equitably payable in
money of the day of payment ; and that
all Iaw4 which bound the debtor to any
other terms were in principle unjust and
unpracticable of fulfillment. Several of
the popes of Rome issued decisions to
the same effect. The coirls of Italy,
France, England and G rmany all de
cided the same way. The lea-ned doc
tors of Bologna, Padua, and the Sor-
bonne all approved the same view; and
whenever the subject was brought to
the lest of reason or legality, the deci
sion was always In favor of permitting
the debtor to pay his debt in the money
which was lawfully current in his coun
try on the day his debt was due. The
great writerj of international law, Gro
tius, Puffendorf and Vattel, all hel I sim
ilar views; that debts were only equita
bly payable iu money of the day of pay.
merit. Notwithstanding this opinion of
the patriotic, the politic and the learned,
there has never been wanting an avid
class who have sought to pin down .the
people to the payment of specific
moneys, and this class has from time to
time secured such acts of legislation as
temporarily gratified their unjust de
mands, until the scene closed, as it in
variably did, with general bankruptcy
and ruin. Ex,
STORY OF THE PAPER TRUST.
Tub industriaf commission has lis
tened to no more Instructive testimony
ou trusts than that given before it by
John Norrls, the business manager of
the New York Times.
The international paper trust was the
Biihj-ctofMr. Norris' testimony. He
showed that for 18 years prior to 1S97
there had been a steady fall in the price
of news print paper. It fell from 0 cents
a pound to 1,0 cents a pound within that
period. This cheapening of paper was,
he pointed out, of broid public benefit,
necause it reuueeu tint cost ot newsn.i.
por production and made possible Ihe
enlargement of daily and Sunday edi
tions at a lower retail price per copy.
Si that a tax on paper is a "tax on
InDeeember, 1893, congress was be
sought to put higher duties on wood
pulp and paper to protect the American
paper-mills from Canadian competition.
The duties were raised to a prohibitive
p ilnt. The promoters of the paper trust
gave the most positive assurances, Mr.
Norris said, that the consolidation of
the independent miits was not inteaded
to raise the price of news print paper.
He quoted the ex ict words of the late
Mr William A. Rjssell, of Massachu
setts, the creator and tint president of
the combine, to the effect that $1,500,000
would be saved by reduction of the work
ing f.irce, that a large export paper trade
would be developed, and that a policy
of enlightened self-interest "would im.
pel them to keep prices down."
Such wero tho professions and prom
ises with which the puper trust began
its career. Mr. Norris declared that
"every expectation it held out to the
newspapers and the public" had been
disappointed. "The promised policy of
an enlightened self-intorest has been en
tirely abandoned," he said, "and the
net result to newspapers has been an in.
crease of over $4,800,000 per year in the
cost of paper."
This exposition of the operations of a
trust erected into nn iron-clad monop
oly by a prohibitory tariff barrier against
foreign competition is highly illuminat
ive. It shows n out clearly the differ
ence between a trust held in . check by
the fear of foreign competition if it
presses prices to the extortionate' point,
and a trust made ruthless by the knowl
edge that competition is impossible.
Interesting as Mr. Norris' testimony
is In itself, the most interesting fact
about it is that most of the newspapers
suffering under this tariff-created mo
nopoly are silent under its extortions.
Why? N. Y. World.'
THE WHEEL IS ARMY AND
Lieutenant Hobson, Captain Slys
bee, General Grant and Other
Distinguished Wearers of Uncle
Sam's Cloth are Elders.
Perhaps no class of people value the
modem bicycle to a greater degree than
do the otlicers (and their wives and
daughter) of Uncle .Sam's army. At
every army post where the roads in the
surrounding country are ridable, the bi
cycle is an important adjunct to the
pleasure and utility of both men and
women. The prairies of Nebraska and
Dakota, and even tho more mountainous
di.-tricls of Montana and Idaho, affoid
excellent opportunities for wheeling,
and the average wearer of brass buttons
as well as the ladies of the poet, are
skilled and accomplished riders! Long
before the bicycle was considered as a
probable factor in warfare, it had be
come a popular vehicle as a means of re
lieving the monotony of army post life,
and today in our new dependencies
the Philippine Islands, Cuba, Porto
Rico, and even in Guam, the wheel is
looked upon as a well-nigh indispensi
hle companion by ollicers. Lieutenant
Hob.on is a clever and enthusiastic
wheelman, although in the navy his op
portunities for riding are not as frequent
as those enjoyed by the army officer.
General Wood is also a wheelman, and
resortB to his bicycle frequently, both in
the transaction of official business and
for recreative purposes. General Fred
Grant is also a rider, and it will be re
called that one of the first objects of in
terest recovered from the wreck of the
Maine was the Columbia bicycle of Cap
tain Sigshy. In fact, about the only
distinguished wearer of Uncle Sam's
blue and gold who has not mastered the
trick of balancing a wheel is Admiral
Dewey, and the hero of Manila Bay
says the only reason he does not ride is
because he fears that it is a bit too late iu
in life to teach his sea legb new stunts.'
" Pullman Ordinary Sleepers.
The tourist travel between the East
and the Pacific Coast has reached enor
mous proportions In the last few years,
and calls for a special class of equip
ment. To meet this demand the Pull
man Company has issued from its Bhops
what it echnically calls the "Pullman
Ord'narv Sleeper." These cars appear
pimilar to the regular sleepers being
built on the same plan, bin not fur
nished wi;h the same elegance. They
are equipped with mattresses, blankets,
sheets, pillows, pillow-cases, towels,
combs, brudies, etc., reguiring nothing
of the kind to be furnished by the pas
senger. Each car has a stove for mak
ing tea and coffee and doing "light
housekeeping," and each section can he
ii'ted with an adjustable table. A uni
f irmed porter accompanies each car, his
business being to make up berths, keep
the car clean, and look after the wants
and com'orts of the passengers. In
each of the trains which are dispatched
daily from Portland by the O. R. &. N.
Co. is to be found one of these "Pull
man Ordinary Sleepers." The car at
tached to the "Chicago-Portland Sp-c-ial"
goes ihrough to Chicairo without
change, and the one in the "Atlantic
Express" runs to Kausas City without
change. Passengers in this car for Chi
cago change to a similar car at Granger
Much of the fiist class travel is being
carried in these cars, the rates being
lower, and the service nearly equal to
that in the palace sleepers.
For rates Hiid full information, includ
ing.'folders, w rite to
A. L. Chaio,
G. P. A.,0 It. &N. Co.,
Furnished Every Week by Clacka
mas Abstract & Trust Co.
R L S.bine to U B Williams, 5 as
in sec 5, 2, 2 e $ 10)
F Zimmerman to J E Underwood,
nw of ne of n of sec 30, 1, 4 e. . . 1103
D D Mtwoire to J 11 Puiueroy, 155
as in Tompkins elm, 80 as in s of
G Walling dm and all interest in
W Carmen elm 12500
A Frost to G Ballard, lots 13 and
14 in blk 2, ju Fairview Adj.... 100
J T Mclntyre to R W Parker, se of
nw;of s of ueof; nw of seof ;n of n
of eeo 20 and sw of se of sec 23 in
2, 0e 5000
A II Brevman, et al, to L Rodlum,
nw of nee 35 1, 4 e t 2000
P Bronnelly to F Radford, ne olne
sec 35, 1, 4 e 500
J Sehneiter to L Hostetler,42ia' as
in sw of sec 5, 5, 1 e 1900
J Sehneiter to I, Hostetler,37, 10 as
in sec SI, 2, 1 e, and 32 as in sec
in sec 5, 6, 1 e 2000
C R Hunter to A Hunter, 2 hs in
ue of see 2, 2, 3 e 150
J Stubbs to F O l'errv,5l4 as in sec
II L Rosenfeld to J Rosenfeld, lots
4, 6, 8, 10 and 12, blk 38, Milwau-
kie Heights 1
Ed Batdorf to A BuckIos, lot in bl
80, Oregon Citv 300
E M Howell to D Sargent, pt of 29,
J Gingard to A Gingard lot 13 in
blk 14 Oswego 1
B Mather to J Amberson, s of s of
Lambert elm in 2, 2 e 650
G Peterson to L Gerlinger, n of
sw of;se of swjofwof so of ;nw of
n of ne of sec 16, 2, 4o 3080
M Walton to L Gerlinger, se of ue
dtclft. 2, 4e 200
J V Thomas to E L Thomas.lot 1
blk 19, Falls View 1
E A Morton to J Hughes, n of ne
of n of s of ne of sec 23 3, 2e.. 147
J W Berrian to A F Stokes, tract
100x150 feet, soutk, of Canemah 1050
Is a good thing for the young husband
to give the young wife. But sympathy
will not abate one jot of her nervousness
or lift her to that plane of sound health
where alone the wife and mother can
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription
and need. It
the appetite and
ing sleep. Its
use previous to
the baby's ad
gives the mother abundant nutrition for
her child. " Favorite Prescription " is a
woman's medicine and has no equal as
a cure for womanly diseases. It estab
lishes regularity, dries weakening drains,
heals inflammation and ulceration and
cures female weakness.
Accept no substitute for " Favorite Pre
scription." No other medicine is "just
as good " for weak and sick women.
. " It affords me great pleasure to be able to say
a few wonts iu regard to the merits of Dr.
Pierce's Favorite Prescription and ' Golden
Medical Discovery,1 writes Mrs. Flora Am, of
Dallas, Tackson Co., Mo. I was tempted to try
these medicines after seeing the effect upon my
At an eariv age oi
married life I was
?;reatly bothered with painful periods, also a
roublesome drain which rendered me weak
aud unfit for work of any kind. I became so
thin there was nothing left of me but skin and
bone. My husband became alarmed and got
me a bottle of ' Favorite Prescription. After he
aw the wonderful effects of that one he got two
more, and after I used those up there was no
more paiu, aud I began to gain in flesh very
Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Medical
Adviser is sent free on receipt of 21 one
cent stamps, to pay expense of mailing
only. Address Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buf
falo, N. Y.
If you intend to take a trip East, ask
your agent to rute you via The Great
Wabash, a modern and up to date rail
road in every particular.
Through trains from Chicago, Kansas
City, Omaha or St. Louis to New York
and New England points. All trains
run via Niagara Falls and every through
train has free reclining chair cars, sleep
ing and dining cars.
Slop over allowed on all tickets atXi
Ross 0. Cline.
Pacific Coast Pass. Agent.
!" Los Angeles, Cal.
C. S. Crank, Gen'l Pass Agent.
St. Louis, Mo.
81'OPS THE COUUU AND WIOHKS OFF
Laxative Bromo-Quiuine Tablets cure
a cold in one day. No Cure no Pay
Price 25 cents.
School report cards for sale at this t.f
flee The finest bon bon boxes in town al
the K.K K
When in tow n get your dinner at the
Red Front House.
The latest in chocolate of all kinds at
the Kozy Kandy Kitchen,
A few watches for Bale cheap at
Younger's. Watches cleaned, $1.
The latest out Try the marshmallow
kisses at the Kozy Kandy Kitchen.
First-class board at reasonable rates
can be obtained at the Red Front House.
Any one wanting land cleared by con
tract address or call on B.O. Sarver,
Shank & Bissell carry the most com
plete line of undertakers' Buppliej in
If you want good wood from large yel
low fir timber, order of C. E. Stewart,
Cams, or E. H. Cooper, Oregon City.
The latest ai d best brands of cigars
and tobaccos are kept by P. G. Shark
Smokers' goods and confectionery, also
To Loan on Farm Property $500,
$1000, $1500, at 7 per cent, one, two or
three years. Dimick & Kastham, law
yers,. Oregon City Oregon. s
When you visit Portland don't fail to
pet your meals at the Royal Resla'uraiit,
First aud Madison. They serve an ex
cellent meal at a moderate price; a good
square meal, with pudding and pie, 15c.
If not, something must be
t wrong with its food. If the
I mother's milk doesn't notir- I
f ish It, she needs SCOTT'S
EMULSION. It supplies the
4 elements of fat required for
i the babv. If babv is not
a Huuiuiitu iy iu ci miliar
food, then it requires
t Scott's Emulsion 1
f Haif a tcaspoonful three T
Jor lour times a oay in us j
bottle will have the desired
f effect. It seems to have a
I magical effect upon babies I
and children. A titty-cent
T bottle will Drove the truth T
oi our siaicmems.
Should be tskea la summer s
well as winter.
toe. snd li.eo. all drunisti.
t 1 - 1 1
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chwusu, New York.
YOU MAY NOT KNOW IT
Bat the Best Stock of First-Class
Goods to be Found at Bottom
Prices in Oregon City is at
Patent Flour, made from old wheat. It
makes the best bread and pastry and always
gives satisfaction to the housewife, Be sure
and order Patent Flour made by the Port
land Flouring Mills at Oregon City and
sold by all grocers. Patronize
H. Bethke's Meat Market
first" glass ldeats of 11 ids
Give yirg a (all ai)d be Treated 5itjt
Foresight Means Good Sight
If there ever was a truism it is exemplified in the
above headline. Lack oi foresight in attending to the
... eyes in time means in the end poor sight. We employ
the latest most scientific methods in testing the eyes,
and charge nothing for the examination. Dr. Phillips,
an expert graduate oculist and optican, has charge of our
A. N. WRIGHT The Iowa Jeweler
393 florrlson Street, PORTLAND, OREGON
For all kinds of
F. S. BAKER, Prop.
SASH, DOORS, MOULDING, ETC.
220 FIRST STREET, PORTLAND, OREGON
Great Bargains in Trimmed Hats
Also a Consignment of very Cheap Hats
V Hair Switches at Very Low Ficures
v ,'i ra n
We erry t complete 11m of Cofflnj, CtskeU, Bobes and Lining. We hm Uen In th
undertaking budnew OTer ten ycr. W. an nndr mull expense nd do mot uk large
proflta. We haw always gtren our best effort! to please our be reared friends. We thor
ougtal understand the preaorratlon of the dead. We destroy contagious germs and off.n.
aire odon when called upon to prepare the dead for burial,
Are Bought and
THE BEST PEOPLE:
. . of Oregon City. ';
The 7th St. Grocer
Brown & Welch
Pkopbietors of the
A. O. U. W. Building
OREGON CITY, OREGON
ery Low Pigures
ii. 1 11111111:111
Door3 Sonth of Court House