3Tx ' 7 v Simple Incubator. Some years ago hearing a piping of ehicks on the side of a manure heap in the barn yard, I searched and found a nest of self-hatched live and hearty or phans left on the cold world without a mother,, And. if any living creature knows best how hard a thing it is to be without a mother, it is a new born chick. The chicks were saved, how ever, by, simply leaving them where they were found and feeding them in a coop 'fitted to the manure heap, by which the warmth that had brought them safely Into this cold world, safely nourished them until they were ' able to take care of themselves, which they did in a short time. The natural warmth of fermenting manure was used to hatch chicks by HOME-MADE IXCTBATOB. Reaumur, that noted French scientist who invented the thermometer known by hia name. It is, and has been for 2,000 years. In use tby Egyptians for hatching eggs artificially. Hons. Ueau mur invented a neat bos in which the manure might be placed, and under a nest kept covered by a piece of sheep skin or a bunch or soft hay, to retain the heat of the manure which seems to be naturally that needed to hatch chickens. Now this old self-regulating apparatus may be set a-going by any farmer's boy, who is not averse to the healthful. If disagreeable odor of a manure heap. The apparatus usx1 for this purpose Is quite simple, A small barrel, or a box, may serve the purpose: the manure being heaped and covered with straw as a shelter for the nest. A regulator by which air Is given Is made In the shape of a pipe or spout having a thermometer hung Inside of It to note the temperature. This device Is far more certain than an Incubator, heated by a lamp or by boiling water, for while the manure may cool down n lit tle it will never get too hot and so cook the chickens before their due time. Cer tainly there is a- field for the farmer's boys to try their skill and luck as we may say, and rear some chicks without the help or rather worry of the willful cross-grained and generally unsatisfac tory hen, which will as soon as not beat a little chick to death if it stray with in her own special brood. H. S. Pair of Bobsleds. The figure represents a home-made pair of bobsleds, or flat bottom mud bobs, that will take the place of the old, long mud sled. The runners are made of plank 3 feet 6 Inches long by 4 Inches wide and 1 inches thick, bolted together with two three-eighths inch bolts. The dark lines in cut (A A) are pieces of 2 by 4 inch stuff, set up edge ways and hollowed out as shown. The raves are made of 1 Inch thick stuff, 4 inches wide. Beams are 3 by 4 Inches square; bolsters the same. The blocks HOME-MADE BOBSLEDS. under beam are 3 by 4 Inches, cut ot square and bolted up through runner and rave with two half-inch bolts. This makes a very strong pair of bobs, that are just the thing to use iu the sugar bush and around on the farm In the spring of the year. Bermuda Grass. There Is not a great deal of difficulty in getting rid of Bermuda in a sandy soil, but in upland red clay there Is more difficulty, now the sod shallow, an dharrow and rake out all the grass. Then sow the land thickly In peas, using fully one and a half bushels per acre. Fertilize the peas with acid phos phate and potash to get as heavy a growth as possible, and use the Won derful pea, as it grows ranker than any other sort Mow the peas for hay as soon as well podded, and plow the land at once and harrow and prepare It for oats to be sown In September. Sow red clover with the oats and use plenty of seed, not lees than 15 pounds per acre. The following spring after the oats crop plow the clover down and plant In corn or cotton and work clean. It any grass then remains renew tn oats after the crop Is off. If planted ii cotton this wou'd necessitate the sow ing of the oats iu late winter. Follow this oats crop with peas again and you will have no more Bermuda, and will find the land vastly improved and be well paid for the work done to clean the land.. Constant succession i ol smothering crops of peas, oats and clover will drive It out Practical Farmer. Cucumbers. To grow cucumbers ' suecessfull thorough manuring and cultivating an necessary. In the early spring the growers of cucumbers for the niarkel use Immense quantities of manure tc force the growth. , The seed should b sown In moist ground, not In the drj 60il Just at top of the hilL The moist soil will assist the germination. The more common way is to make lai'ge hills and put a good lot of manure In the bottom, even if the whole ground has been previously worked over wlti manure. The manure In the hill should be deep enough and there should be enough dirt above it to prevent the ten der roots coming Into contact with It To keep off the bugs till the plants are large enough to take care of themselves is always somewhat of a problem. There are various remedies given. Bui one of the most satisfactory methods is to have some light muslin cloth witt which to cover the hills till the plants get a number of coarse leaves. These cloths are stretched over a frame and the ends covered with the soil. Most ol ' 1nnnAn .-. .1 V. . 1 - lnnnnf I and are not particularly Interested In the coarser leaves that come later Farmers' Review. Barr Knapp's Farm Furrows, . One of the greatest faults is faull finding. The milking stool Is a poor currj comb. He who eats more than he produces robs the world. Some men who pet their neighbors children will only pound their own, No grind, no grist Failure sighs while success hustles. An old field may produce new grain. Lazy bees, no honey; lazy farmer, dc money, Who refuses to toll has no right to the soil. Every shine has Its shadows and even a shadow has its use. If you do not want it the greatest of bargains is not cheap, Exchange. The Pnffolk Fheep. This beautiful sheep Is a fair repre sentative of another descendant of the Southdown breed to which 1t owes all those peeularltlea,, except size, that have been given to every cross bred race of heep In which the Southdown blood flows. It more closely resembles Its half parent than , the Shropshire does, having a smoother body, a finer fleece, and more of the broad lo'.n than this possesses. . It Is a new breed,' hav ing only been admitted to the English exhibitions as a distinct class ten years ago, although Its foundation began by the first cross of the Southdown on an ancient, race, a hardy, horned, black faced sheep existing from time Im memorial in the County of Suffolk, in England. This sheep Is a special mut ton breed. Its fleece, however, being valued highly for the manufacture of clothing. It Is doubtful If the breed has been sufficiently long established to confer on It .the ability to maintain lt sel as the Southdown or Shropshire does in all its special points. Time Is required for this, but 'the Suffolk has Its usefulness In crossing an Inferior sheep to improve them In all the de sired points for the butcher and for Its fleece. Judging Fheep. It requires familiarity with sheep to enable one to Judge beneath Its coat of wool whether It Is fat or In poor con dition. An experienced shepherd will not only know the various sheep In his flock by differences in their faces, but he can also tell by the looks of the sheep what age It Is, and whether It is in thrifty or unthrifty condition. Yet to most people a flock of sheep pre sents no individual peculiarities. Fertilizing Strawberries. Strawberry roots do not spread out near the surface of the ground as much as some other kinds of small fruits, for which reason all fertilizers applied should be along the rows, close to the plants. It Is an excellent plan to apply fertilizer over the rows early In spring, but at this season of the year it can not be done without Injury to plants. Good Horses In Demand. Good horses are in demand, not only for army use, but on farms. A few years ago horses fell in price to a point which made It unprofitable to raise them, but since that time they have be come scarce in some sections. There may be an abundant supply of "plugs," but horses adapted for general work on the farms will find ready sale. Asparagus. Those who grow asparagus by level culture object to the work of cutting the shoots. The proper way is to hill up the rows thirty Inches high, so as not to be compelled to bend the body low In cutting. If the shoots are cnt Just as the tips are appearing through the ground, they will be tender from ths ends to the butts. THE SCFFOLK SHEEP. Victorious America's Greatest Medicine Con quers Disease and Suffering. Impure blood is the foe of mankind,, the causu aod promoter of scrofula, salt rheum, boils, sores, pimples anil erup tions, catarrh, rheumatism, dyspepsia, malaria, and that tired feeling. Hood's Sarsaparilla overcomes these diseases by making the blood rich and pure. Hood's Sarsaparilla Is America's Greatest Medicine. 11; six for $3. Hood's rHls cure Indigestion. 23 cents The whale's nose is on the top. of the bead, at least his nostrils are situated there, through . which he expels the columns of water known as "spout ing." Whalesonly spout when they are feeding. ' Calcium carbide finds a new applica tion in the treatment of the black rot of grapes. M. O. Rodier having dis covered that sprinkling the green grapes with this substance is effective. VxBT ALLEN'S FOOT-EASE. A powder to be shaken Into the shoes. At this season your feet feel swollen, ner vous, and hot, and get tired easily. If you have smarting feet or tight shoes, try Allen's Foot-Ease, It cools the feet and makes walking easy. Cures swollen and sweating feet, blisters and callous spots. Relieves corns and bunions of all pain and gives rest and comfort Ten thousand tes timonials of cores. Try it todair. Sold by all druegists and shoe stores for 25c Sent by mail for 2ftc iu Btamps. Trial package FREE. Address Allen S. Olmsted, Le Roy, New York. The most ancient coin in Europe, the ducia, was first struck in tbe mint of Venice in the year 1284. The build ing is still in existence. WAGONS IMPROVED. The new improved .Stoughton wagonB stand the racket. , Three more car loads are on the wav. It pavs to have the beist. Write for free catalogue. JOHN POOLE, sole apent, foot 'of SlorriBou street, Port laud, Oi. Not within living memory has there been known so abnormally snow less a winter in European Russia as the past winter. Dr. T. H. White, No. 271 Morri son street, cor. Fourth, Portland, O., is the only representative in the Pacific Northwest of the patented system of Crown and Bridge Work, invented by Dr. L L, White, of San Franoisoo. By this method you do not have teeth ex tracted because they are decayed to the gums, in order to have new teeth in serted. Instead you can have crowns put on old roots, restoring the same to natural conditions and artificial teeth inserted where they have been re moved. . These operations are performed quickly and painlessly. IX White, by tbe nse of electricity and other methods, fills and extracts teeth with out pain. Opium eating lias become a habit vtth tbe Kaffirs in South Africa. The Chinese are tbe chief purveyors of the drug. FITS F?moty Cured. No On or nervousnee r I sftor arm day s urn of Dt. Kline's Great herreKestorer. Send for FKKK Sa.oo trial bottle and treatise. DO, B. II, Kr.rxir tja Axon street, Philadelphia, fa, ' Cobetz di Vaca explored the Gila river country in 1535, and reported that the natives were dressed in cotton garments. Piso's Cure for Consumption is the onlv cough medicine used in mv house. D. C. Albright, Miflliuburg, Pa.,tec U, 1895. The highest waterfall in the world is Cbolock cascade, at Yoeemite, Cal., which is 2,635 feet high, or just half a mile, Tit SchriUng'i Best tea and baking powder. Sevsn of Ointments for Catarrh That 1 Contain Mercury, . As mercury will surely destroy the sense of smell and completely derange the whole sys tem when entering it through the mucous sur isoes. Such articles should never be used ex cept on prescriptions from reputable physi cians, m the damage they will do is ten fold to the good you can possibly derive Irofi them. Hall's Catarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, O., contains no mercury, end Is taken internally, acting directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. In buying Hall's Catarrh Cure be sure you get the genuine. It Is taken Internally, and made in Toledo, Ohio, by F. J. Cheney & Co. Testi monials free; Sold by Druggists, price 75c per bottle. Ball's Family Pills are the best. The two biggest fire engines in the world are in Liverpool; they can throw 1,800 gallons of water a minute and a jet 180 feet high. , Ths Japansee have a gigantic coloni cation scheme on foot in Mexico. Stop colored. I 1 Bast Coach Srrnp. Tuva. Gooi Ul.fl I: In tin Sold bTdnimrlM PI Loncest Trolley Ride The longest electric railway in the world is said to be that operated be tween Kenosha and Waukesha Beach, both in Wisconsin. This line is 63 miles long, and atrangements have been made by the Milwaukee Electrio Railway and Light Company to run chartered cars from Milwaukee to Waukesha Beach. Commutation tickets, sold at a lower rote than the regular steam roads, and otlier induce ments are expected to bring ' a heavy traffic Burglars, by boring a large hole in a door of the courthouse at Impendhl, Natal, gained admittance, smashed open the safe and carried off 700 pounds sterling of native hut-tax money just collected. Natal Mercury. THE CLIMATE OF CUBA. Because of frequent rains In Cuba malarial fevers are a common ailment there, Just as they are In many sections of the t'nlteu States. Ailments oi this kind, no matter in what part of the globe they occnr, are quickly oured with Hostetters Stomach Bitters. Besides being a specific for malarial troubles, these Bitters also make pure blood, strong nerves and muscles, and firm, healthy flesh. They have no equal for dyspepsia and constipation, Gillingham, England, had a grave digger aged 75. In 87 years he had buried over 12,000 persons. Paper was first manufactured In the East, and was introduced into Europe by the Moots in the eighth oentury. The green ants of Australia make nests by bending leaves together. ST0BIES OF RELIEF. Two Letters to Mrs. Ptokhara. Mrs. Jons Williams, Englishtown, N. J., writes : : " Deab Mrs. Pinkham) I cannot be frlnto tell you how I suffered before taking your remedies. I was so weak that I could hardly walk across the floor without falling. I had womb trouble and such a bearing-down feeling j also suffered with my back and limbs, pain in womb, inflammation ot the bladder, piles and indigestion. Before I had taken one bottle of Lydla E, Pinkham's Vegetable Compound I felt a great deal better, and after taking two and one half bottles and half a box of your Liver Pills I was cured. If more would take your medicine they would not have to suffer so much." Mrs. Joseph Petebsoh, 513 East St, Warren, Pa,, writes: ' "Dear Mrs. PiskhamjI have suf fered with womb trouble over fifteen years. I had inflammation, enlarge ment and displacement of the womb. I had the backache constantly, also headache, and was so dizzy. I had heart trouble, It seemed as though my heart was in my throat at times chok ing me. I could not walk around and I could not lie down,' for then my heart would beat so fast I would feel as though I was smothering. I had to sit up in bed nights in order to breathe, I was so weak I could not do any thing, "I have now taken several bot tles of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, and used three pack ages of Sanative Wash, and can say I am perfectly cured. I do not think I cruld havo lived long if Mrs. Pink ham's medicine had not helped me," Bishop Scott ftcsdemy 1 Founded A Hoard Inn and Iav School for boys. Military dlHClpline tn eimrue of U. S. Army officer. Primary, preparatory and academic departments. Manual Training or Sloyd has recently been In stalled. Boys of all wes received. Hpeclal Instruction In uuimic, modern languages, stenography. Through col lege preparatlou a spml<y. Catalogue 011 appliuaUou to the principal, J. w. HILL, M. I) , V. O. l)rawe W, Port land, Or. YOUR LIVER Moore'a Kevewled Remedy will do It. Three dene will make you leel better. Get it from your druggist or any wholesale drug bouse , or trom Stewart 4 Holmei Drug Co.. Seattle. BUY THE GENUINE SYRUP OF FIGS ... MAM uPACTTJEED BY ... CALIFORNIA Fid SYRUP CO. fir NOTE THE NAME. OPIUM MORPHINE COCA INK I. MiAINI'M Stopped atonce Dh. J.C Hoffman, iM Isabella Bldg, Chicago, 111. tlflr,sl1a M,k mcner by luoceif ol 11 II L 111 Tculatton In Chicago. We J Ilr U I buy and eU wheat on mr- IIL.ni gins. Fortunes hare been made on a retail beginning br trading in fu ture. Writ, lor lull particular!. Beet ol tu. r.nce gWen. BeraraJ fears' ei perlence on tha Chicago Board of Tradt and a thorough know, ledg.ol tb.bmlnMi. Band lor oar Ire refer nee book. DOWNING, HOPKINS A Co, Chicago Board ot Trade Broken. Office la Portland, Oregon and Seattle. Wub. hilling' HOITT'S SCHOOL FOE UOYS. At Burliivjrame, San Mateo oountv, Col, ' is one of the must thorough. Careful and i pructiir"HoiiM3 Scliuol'" to be found oaf Stanford Universities: Thorough prepara tion for business. Send for catalogue. Iea w. Hoitt, Ph. D., PrincltiaL Ke-opeus Aug. 8th. ' Centennial of Electricity. A centennial of electricity will be celebrated at Oomo, Italy, tbe birth place of Volta, from , May to October, 1899. It is understood thnt everything pertaining to the advancement of elec tricity will be represented. : At the same time an electrical congress of tbe world's prominent electrical engineers will be held. The leaf of a weeping moss found in tbe West Indies, known as the "life dlant," is absolutely Indestructible by any means except immeraion in boil ing water or tbe application oi s red hot iron. Ko parental care ever falls o the lot of a single member of the insect tribe. In general the eggs of an iDseot , are destined to be hatched long after the parents are dead, so that most Insects are born orphans. MEIER & FRANK CO.'S ..Great Removal Sale.. Draws Immense crowds and is bringing In majl orders at a rate that has neces sitated the employment of a largely Increased clerical force. Half a million dollars' worth of goods MUST be sold before we move into our new store, and only ...Greatly Reduced Prices... . on the entire stock can bring about this result. All mall orders filled at Removal Sale Prices. MEIER & FRANK CO. PORTLAND, OREGON. A Beautiful Present In order to further introduce ELASTIC STARCH (Flat Iron Brand)," the manufacturers, I. C. Hubinger Bros. Co., of Keokuk, Iowa, have decided to GIVE AWAY a beautiful prrsent with each package of starch sold. These presents are in the form of Beautiful Postal Picturo They are 13x19 inches fa si3e,and are entitled as follows: Lilacs and Pansies. Pansles f and Marguerites. rk6W" """trGjT r UwKi so cooums on muno or this- L "JX.rrUB1N6ERBR0St? J 1 These rare pictnres, four in number, by the renowned pastel artist, R. LeRoy, of New York, have been chosen from the very choicest subjects in his studio and are now offered for the first time to the public The pictures are accurately reproduced in all the colors used in the orig inals, and are pronounced by competent critics, works of art. Pastel pictures are the correct thing for the home, nothing surpassing them in beauty, richness of color and artistic merit. One of these pictures I - ffm I with pancka7ey of l I Cl ST i C W lei FC M purchased of your grocer. It is the best laundry starch on the market, and is sold for 10 cents a package. Ask your grocer for this starch and get beautiful picture. ALL GROCERS KEEP EUSTIO STARCH. ACCEPT NO SUBSTITUTE H.MHMtl...i.i.......ttTntMf)t)t)t())..))).) drinking tea s Best CURE YOURSELF. m Ms H lor unnatural auchar,, infinin,nU,jD, Irritation! or ulnraitone of ai a eo oi membranm. PalnloM, and nut wtrtn gtnt ur polMoooa. atoM br Druabta. . ft. 1 tunJ mm te Aruwt, oicMin,o .fj or amt lo plain wrrw, br aiprtit, prepaid, (of Uroular awl on raiMat, I Baker's ft Chocolate. celebrated for more than a century as a g delicious, nutritious, 3" and flesh-forming beverage, has our gi well-known ..1 "31 . t. . y Yellow Label on the front of every package, and our u trade-mark, "La Bella A Chocolariere,"on the v 2 NONE OTHER OENLTKB. S MAOI ONI? BY - V WALTER BAKER & CO. Ltd, $ Dorchester, Mass, . ." ie0tMS90GdMM 0 . Wild American Poppies. mm Lilacs and Iris. rrcH vnu jo wia.fucico:. SPRING IYK CHAIN BAG NEEDLES I Plain or with Cutter. The heat n!l In the mar. KM. UmmI bf all lack mati. tut aaie ij all g WILZ. M FTWCIT rn t Market SUeet, Baa rrmnctaoo. Cal. m. r. v. c a. , ts. rucir wHHb. an alAriA.e 1 fl'ffl ft ft ft ry maaUoo Uklt tiap.r.