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About Oregon City courier. (Oregon City, Or.) 1896-1898 | View Entire Issue (May 27, 1898)
Oregon City Goarier.
A. W. OHXXST, FabllJker.
okeoon city...... oeeqost
DOINGS OF THE WEEK
A. Complete Review of the Telegraphic
Newt of This and All For
Another uprising is reported from
Thirteen trainloads of troops were
reported Saturday between Ogden and
San Francisco on their way west.
Australia is friendly to the United
States. The newspapers at Sydney are
strongly advocating an Anglo-American
Two regiments of infantry from the
regular army, now at New Orleans, will
be transferred immediately to Sao
Australian advices state that a hur
ricane which swept the shores of Aus
tralia has wrecked many small craft in
the coast trade.
Late Oriental papers state that there
are many indications of rebellion in
the Yang-tse-Kiang valley, owing to on
settled industrial conditions.
President Dole, of Hawaii, has con
firmed a report that he has signed a bill
providing for plaoing the islands under
American sovereignty in case of war.
Spain is prepaiing to take the ag
gressive. Eight thousand troops have
embarked at Barcelona for the Philip
pines, and Admiral Camara has re
ceived final instructions before sailing
with his fleet.
A Madrid dispatch says: It is evi
dent the new Spanish cabinet Intends
to push the campaign vigorously. It is
said the ministry will negotiate active
ly with foreign diplomats to protect
Spain against a combination of, her
The British fleet in the Purine is to
be strengthened to a considerable ex
tent during the the next few months.
Small cruisers are being replaced with
larger ones. The changes, it is said,
may mean an important move in the
Pacific by England in the near-future.
General Gomez, at the head of an
army of 15,000 insurgents, is closing in
on Havana. His advance guard, led
by Quentin Baldorai, had a skirmish
with and pnt to flight 800 Spanish
troops. , Santiago de Cuba, according
to the same report, is menaced ' by
5,000 insurgents under Garcia.
Major -General Merritt is on bla way
to Snn Francisco to take oontrol of the
coming Philippine campaign.
The tide of Alaska truffle has turned.
The steamer City of Seattle on hei last
trip brought down 803 passengers.
V People are anxious to leave Cnba,
The alarm is general among all olasses
at Havana, and business is at a stand
. still. The weight of the blockade is
making itself felt
A heavy loss of life bns resulted from
' the terrific gnles that created havoc at
-points throughout the Middle West.
Eleven dead at Kockford, I1L; ten at
Elmhurst, and five at Suigor, Wis., is
the number so far recorded. Several
towns were wiped out and an Immense
stretch of country devastated.
The American-Spanish war was dls
onBsed in the house of commons at Ot
tawa, Canada, Representative Cleary
declared that many Canadians would
like to see America beaten by Spain.
Pternier Laurier, Sir Charles Tupper,
and several members, however, made
haste to disavow such sentiments.
As the result of recent exchanges be
tween the state department and the
French embassy, an agreeable under
standing has been reached which gives
assurance of the continuance of the
traditional friendship between the
United States and Franco, and that
neutrality in the present conflict will
be adhered to.
It is reported from Key Weet that
Commodore Watson has started for Ha
vana with United States squadron No.
8 to work In harmony with the squad
rons under Roar Admiral Sampson and
Commodore Schley. Commodore Wat
son took his fleet from Key West singly.
His fleet consists of the powerful moni
tors Puritan and Miantonomoh, the
cruisers Cincinnati and Helena, the
auxiliary oruiser St. Paul, the torpedo
boats Ericsson, Dupont, Foote and
Cushing, and the gunboats Bancroft,
Dolphin, Morrill, Eagle, Wasp and
It appears from information brought
to Vancouver, B. C, by the Empress
of India that the Spanish did a little
bombarding on their own aocount in
the Philippines about a fortnight before
Admiral Dewey silenced their fleet.
About the middle of April, ys a
Manila report, Spanish warships went
down to Cebu, where they bombarded
the city. The troops met no opposition
in landing, the rebels having abscond
ed before a shot was fired, taking with
them, it id said, 300,000 in cash.
About 80 Chinese were killed in the
bombardment, but no European casual
ties are rejiorted. A massacre of rebels
by Spaniards also preceded Admiral
Minor News Items.
The manufacture of sugar and salt Is
carried ou by the aid of 8,401 inven
tions. There Is a curious superstition iu
Venice that if a stiangor dies in a hotel
the number of his room will be lucky
at the next lottery.
It is against the rules to carry
nittohei on board a modern man-of-war.
From the time when tha ship
leaves harbor for a cruise she is never
without a light of some kind burning.
A Great Naval Battle I Said to Have
Been Fought Spain Defeated.
London, May 25. Persisent rumors
were in circulation here early today to
the effect that a great naval battle bad
been fought in the vioinity of the
Windward passage between the eastern'
end of Cuba and the westward part of
Hayti, in which both American squad
rons closed in on the Spanish Cape
Verde squadron and completely de
stroyed the Spanish ships.
Denied In Washington.
Washington, May 25. It is said at
the naval department that no news has
been received of an engagement be
tween the fleets, and that no news has
been received of the arrival of the Ore
gon at Key West.
. A d re patch from Manila says the Ger
man consul there tried to land provi
sions from a German ship, but Dewey
refused permission. The consul then
declared, according to the dispatch,
that be would force a landing under
the protection of two German cruisers,
but Dewey threatened to fire upon the
cruisers, and the attempt to land sup
plies was abandoned.
The Madrid government announces
that Cervera is still at Santiago.
Spanish officials say 500 were killed
and 700 wounded in the bombardment
of Manila by Dewey. All classes are
awaiting anxiously the arrival of Amer
A Washington dispatch eavs: An
other call for volunteers is under seri
ous consideration by the military
authorities, though it may not be issued
for a week or two, or at any rate until
the invasion of Cuba has" been begun
and the necessity for add it ion 1 troops is
A dispatch to the World from Kings
ton, Jamaica, says: ' The signing of a
treaty of defense between the United
States and Great Britain is announced
in a dispatch received Sunday by the
military authorities. A crisis in the
war between America and Spain is im
minent, the dispatches intimate, and
Jamaica will be directly affected. All
leaves of absence of military and naval
officers have been canceled.
Four companies of the Fourteenth
United States infantry, "regular," a
full regiment of Oregon volunteers, and
a picked battalion of the Fifth Cali
fornia heavy artillery have left San
Francisco for Manila to reinforce Ad
miral Dewey. Lieutenant-Colonel
Coffee presented th regiment with a
stand ot colors. All San Francisco
turned out to greet the Oregon boys,
shouted words of encouragement, show
ered thorn with flowers and loaded
them down with fruits and other deli
easier Three transports have sailed
The situation at Manila is desperate.
Food is sea roe and meat is exhausted,
while all the canned stuff is nearly
gona Two weeks will exhaust the
available supplies. The volunteers
have demanded food, but the Spanish
government authorities refused to give
it, and riots are threatened. A -delegation
is said to be preparing to wait on
United States Consul Williams, as the
citizens fear an outbreak. The insur
gents control the surrounding country,
and Chief Aguinaldo has arrive! with
his staff to organize the rebels. Resi
dents are moving from Cavite,
The blockading fleets of Havana and
Cienfuegos are to be strengthened by
the addition of more warships.
Rumor of a prospective alliance be
tween France and Spain was circulated
in the London stock exchange. Span
ish 4'b rose accordingly.
A Madrid dispatch says: From a
discussion in the Spanish senate it ap
pears tiiat Spain seriously contemplates
having recourse to privateering in the
Mustering figures received at the war
department show that up to Tuesday
106,000 volunteers have taken the oath
of allegiance to support the United
Sir Henry Irving, the great English
aotor, in replying to a toast at a ban
quet in London, expressed his gratiude
for the favors shown him in this coun
try and declared the two nutions are
already as one.
The firing upon the English ship
Roth by the Spanish cruiser Isabella
promises'to' iqad to serious complica
tions. The Spanish say it was a mis
take, but the British, and Americans
, Naval experts believe Admiral
Cervera's squadron is rapidly exhaust
ing its ooal supply, and that as many
ports are now closed against it, it will
not be able to long elude our fleets un
less it gots coal at sea from colliers.
A British steamer lust arrived at St,
Thomas reports that the Spanish oruiser
Isabella II fired on the British Bteamer
Roth, whioh arrived at San Juan after
the bombardment. It is alleged that
the Spanish ship fired on the Roth,
which was loaded with coal, with the
intention of crippling her, and thereby
preventing her departure. The officers
of the oruiser claim the firing was acci
dental. The Aldeborough also reports
that an American oruiser captured a
Spanish bark north of San Juan Satur
day morning lust. The prise was towed
Remember the Maine Cracker.
St. Louis, May SI. Captain Duval,
of the commissary department, has
made a contract with local bakeries for
610,000 pounds of ai my orackers. This
is equivalent to 30,000 barrels of flour.
On each will be printed tha words,
"Remember the Maine,"
Draughting compasses are being
mad with a flexible rubber suction
cap on one end to fasten to the paper
and hold tha instrument while the cir
cle la being drawn.
Difficulty in Securing
BRITISH STEAMERS OFFERED
N. P. 8. S. Co. Liners at the Govern
ment's Disposal They Want Amer
ican Register Negotiating for the
Colon and China.
Washington, May 25. Much com
ment and . some criticism has been
caused by the delay in forwarding
troops to the Philippines to support
Admiral Dewey. Both the comment
and the oritioism had their origiu in
the desires of the people that the fruits
of Dewey 's victory should not be endan
gered by any lack of assistance from the
navy or war departments. It.is known
now that the troops would have been
sent to Manila before this .had. it . 'been
possible for the war department to
secure transports on the Pacific. The
utmost difficulty is being . experienced
by the department in obtaining such,
transports. The coastwise trade on the
Pacific is not large, as compared with
that on the Atlantic, and the majority
of the vessels engaged in the trade are
foreign register. Of course, ships fly-
inga zoreign nag cannot .be used as
transports by the government, as such
use would constitute a violation of the
neutrality laws of the nation whose
flag the ships bore.
Tonight, the war department is nego
tiating by telegraph with the Paoiflo
Mail Steamship Company for charter of
two of the company's boats, the China
and the Colon, the Colon bears the
American flag, but the China is under
the Hawaiian colors. The discussion
between the war department and the
steamship company is now one of price.
Whether toxin 8 can be agreed -upon
seems in doubt.
Tonight, Secretary Meiklejohn re
ceived an offer from the agent of the
Northern Paciflo Steamship Company,
at Seattle, placing at the disposal of
the government the company's entire
fleet of steamers, provided they be
given American register. The steam
ers are the Tacoma, Arizona, Olympia,
Columbia, Victoria and Argyll. All
are British-built vessels and fly the
Commenting ' upon the situation
which confronts the department, Mr.
' "If we' cannot get vessels at what we
consider fair prices, we shall be forced
to impress as we need into the service
and leave the prices to be adjusted sub
sequently by a board appointed for the
purpose, We have made every possible
effort to secure vessels of American
register; indeed, we want nothing else.
But it Is impossible to get them on the
Paciflo coast. We' shall have simply to
ask congress to give American register
to Vessels that we can obtain. There
is no other way out of the difficulty."
The likelihood is the war depart
ment will bring such vessels of the
Northern Paciflo Steamship Company
as may be needed to San Francisco, and
then ask congress to give them Amer
ican register, in order that they may
promptly convoy available troops to
Manila. It is the desire of the depart
ment that the troops following those to
be sent on Saturday shall leave -not
later than June L "
' Bank at the Pier.
New York, May 25. The tugboat
Goodwin sank in the North river today,
at the White Star pier, foot of Twen
tieth street. Two men were asleep in
their bunks. One of them, Hiraro
Taylor, was drowned. Jeremiah
Lynob, the oook, was rescued. The
Goodwin was owned by J. R. Barrett,
who was also her captain. She was
valued at 15,000 and Insured.
Washington, May 25. The question
of the annexation of Hawaii has been
revived in the senate since thf Hawai
ian resolutions were reported,, iu the
house, and the friends of annexation
have been quoted as expressing a deter
mination to press the house resolution
in tha senate during the present ses
sion, in caw it should pass the house,
(or feat that tha short seslon would not
afford time to secure its thorough son-aidexatlon.
Preparing to Rlk Another Ke-
. serve Squadron.
New York, , May 25. A dispatch to
thg.World from Madrid says: With
the' incoming of the new government
renewed activity has been given to
foreign and home defenses. Torpedoes
have been laid at the entrance of all the
The new ministry has determined to
send at once what is known as tha re
serve squadron, that is to' say the
armored warship Pelayo, .the protected
oroisers Carlos V and Alfonso XIII, the
torpedo-boat destroyers Audaz, Proser
pina and Destructor, the dispatch-boat
Giralda, the torpedo-boats Rapido and
Patricia and the armed trans-Atlantio
liners, Joaquin de Pielago, Alfonso
XIII, Antonio Lopez, Ciudad de Cadiz
and Buenos Ayres. To the above will
be added the Reina Regente, Whioh is
being armed at Ferrol, and the Leon
XII, which has recently started from
Barcelona for Cadiz. -
This fleet is likely to start at once,
and it is publicly stated that it is going
to Manila. Significant suggestions are
made as to the possibility of the Pelayo
getting through the Suez canal with
her draught, but it may be readily un
derstood that the admirality is not giv
ing its secrets away, and that the fleet
will sail under sealed orders, and that
it is quite as likely to go west as east.
It is stated at Cadiz very positively
thfct the Pelayo, Carlos V, three of the
Atlantic steamers and two torpedo
boats are to sail for the Philippines.
The Pelayo is well armed, armored and
manned and has good guns, but her
heavy ones forward will not swing,
owing to defects in the machinery, and
AT CADIZ WHICH MAY QO TO
can only be fired directly ahead.
It is said at' Cadiz that 'there are
mines in Manila harbor that were not
exploded when the American fleet en
tered, the electrio communication be
ing out of order. This has, so it is
rumored now, been rectified, and prep
arations are complete to give Admiral
Dewey a warm good-bye should he at
tempt to leave. This rumor will bear
a big lump of salt.
NEEDED ON THE COAST.
Washington Volunteers Ordered Front
Camp Rogers to Vanconver.
Vancouver Barracks, May 25t Major-General
II. C. Merrlam issued or
ders, whioh were received here today,
for the headquarters and band and our
companies of Washington volunteers,
now stationed at Camp Rogers, to pro
ceed without delay and take station
The troops referred to in the orders
are commanded by J. H. Whalley, first
lieutenant in the Twenty-fourth infan
try, and a graduate of the military
academy in the class of 1890, who was
recently appointed colonel of volunteers.
Since the departure of the two com
panies of the Fourteenth infantry Fri
day, there have been only two officers
and one troop of cavalry to perform all
the duties necessary in keeping up
such a large gariison as this, and the
authorities appreciated the necessity of
having a greater number of men.
The change will bo of great benefit
to the volunteers, enabling them to
settle down to the routine and training
of garrison life. - With a fine target
range and good skirmish and drill
grounds, the men will soon be in con
dition to perform any duty they may
in future be called upon to perform;
CAPTURED AND RELEASED.
British Bteamer Taken In on Suspicion
of Being lllockade Runner.
Key West, May 25. The British
steamer Ardanhor came into port this
morning in charge of an ensign from
the auxiliary gunboat Osceola, by
which the vessel was seized . yesterday
off Oarysfort light, because she was act
ing in a suspicious manner, and was
supposed to be trying to enter Havana
At 1:15 P. M., the steamer was re
leased by order of Commodore Remey.
There is a good deal of mystery as to
why she was seized at Carysfort light,
where she was overhauled by the Osoe
ola off the Florida coast, and more
than 100 miles north of here. Upon
the ariival of the Ardanhor at Key
West, Captain Dana made a formal
protest to the British consul, Mr. Tay
lor, who laid the .matter before Com
modore Remey, with the result stated
above. It is thought the affair it now
: Dortmund, Prussia, May 25. This
morning 80 bodies were recovered from
ths Zoller .mine, in which fir broke
out yesterday. It is believed at least
45 miners perished.
.TO COLLECT OUR BILL.
Tariff Regulations for the Philippines
, Already Being Formulated.
Washington, May 25. In anticipa
tion of the early occupation oft he Phil
ippines by the land and naval forces of
the United States, the treasury depart
ment has already begun the formation
of regulations, and'a scheme of tariffs
which will be collected by the military
authorities and turned into the treasury
of the United States, "as a military
contribution." ' , ,
r That the president has authority to
collect the Philippines revenues under
existing conditions is not a matter of
doubt. It was several times done dur
ing the last war with Mexico, and the
authority of the government in the
premises was sustained by decisions of
the United States supreme court.
The court, in a case which grew out
of the capture and occupation of San
Francisco and all the upper part of
California by United States troops,
held that the president, under the con
stitution, as commander-in-chief of
the army and navy, had a right to ex
ercise the belligerent rights of a con
queror, and to impose duties on im
ports, as a military contribution for
the support of the army. This was the
view held by the cmrt in another case,
where it was also decided that the cap
ture of Tampico, .Mexico, by United
States forces, though sufficient to cause
it to be regarded by other nations as
part of our territory, did not make it
in facta part of the United States un
der our constitution and laws.
"It remained," said the court, "a
foreign country within the revenue laws
of the United States."
The tariff revenue law now being
prepared by the treasury will closely
follow the Spanish customs laws in
force in the Philippines. Just what
revenue they produce is not known,
but the assumption is that, inasmuch
as the home government realized from
them last year approximately $9,000,
000, the actual amount collected was
$19,000,000. The government will as
sume control of the revenues as soon as
the. principal seaports are in our pos
session, and will oontrol them at least
until congress takes speoific action in
the case, or until peace has been de
clared between the two countries.
SPAIN IS ' PROTESTING."
She He Been Telling Her Troubles to
Madrid, May 25. In the senate to
day Count Almenas, protested against
the alleged action of some American
warships in displaying the Spanish
flag in order to deceive the garrison oi
Guantanamo, as reported on Saturday
last in a dispatch from Captain-General
Blanco, who added that the Amer
ican ships were "recognized and re
pulsed." The count asked if the gov
ernment has notified the powers of this
The minister of the interior, Senor
Capdenon, replied that he had notified
the powers, and described this reported
action as "cowardly and iniquitous."
Count Almenas said that in view of
America's manner of making war,
Spain must immediately decree priva
teering to destroy American shipping.
To this the minister of the interior
replied that the government had delib
erated upon the matter and "had even
taken certain steps which would soon
be made known."
Count Guandolon said the American
acts of piraoy were admitted by certain
theorists as international law.
Senor Paoheco remarked that it was
doubtful whether such an act was legal.
"But," he added, ,"in face of the
Americans' conduct in the war with
Spain, we must not show considera
tion for them."
Four Jockeys Hurt.
St Louis, May 25. Four jockeys
were injured in the third race today.
Two of them, it is thought, were fatal
ly hurt. Just as the horses were turn
ing into the home stretoh, Dick Collins
fell, bringing down several other horses.
Those most seriously injured are Sne.'l
and Gilmore, while Hatheisoll and
Dugan are not so badly hurt
Washington, Mav 25. Secretary
Gage today issued an Older to customs
officers, notifying them that the port ot
Manilla, Philippine Islands, is block
aded by the United States fleet under
Admiral Dewey, and therefore clear
ance will not he granted to merchant
vessels from that port. Instructions
also warn owners and masters of vessels
that in undertaking voyages to Spanish
ports not blockaded now, they run the
risk of interruption by future blockades
and military operations.
Monterey Ordered to
Sail for the Phil
SEAGOING QUALITIES GOOD
Monitor Will Grwrtty Strengthen the
Asiatic Squadron Small Bunker
Room May Make tl Necessary for a
Collier to Accompany Her.
Washington, May 24. The news
event of the day at the navy depart
ment vos the order to the Monterey to
proceed to Manilla to relnforoe 'Ad-
mlral Dewey's squadron. The Mon
terey is a tower of strength in herself,
and her addition to Admiral Dewey's
force, together with the dispatch of
thousands of troops to Manila, is ample
evidence that the administration has
assumed no halNhearted attitude to
ward the Philippine question, and i
determined to take no chance of dispos
session until such time as the United
States itself has arranged far the dispo
sition of the islands.
The Monterey is probably the most
formidable monitor in the world, yet
she combines with the enormous offen
sive and defensive qualities of a moni
tor a seaworthiness that is almost phe
nomenal. The Monterey is desoribed
techinically as a barbette-turret, low
freeboard monitor of 4,000 tons' dis
placement She is 256 feet long by 5&
feet beam, and 14 feet 6 inches deep.
She carries in two turrets, surrounded
by barbettes, two 12-inch and two 10
inch guns, while in her superstructure'
between the turrets are mounted six 6
pounders, four 1 -pounders and two gat
lings. The tui rets are 1 and "8
inches thick, and the surrounding bar
bettes are 14 inches and inches
thick, and against the armor all the
batteries in Manila might thunder
away without, effecting an entrance.
The Monterey's 7 personnel is 19
officers and 172 men, and once she is
in the entrance of Manila harbor, noth
ing in the shape of a navy would be
likely to budge her from her position.
Her dispatch may have an important
bearing upon the intention of the Span
ish government, so openly published,
of sending reinforcements to Manila.
The only doubt as to the feasibility
ot sending the Monterey is her small
ooal capacity. She has bunker room
for only 200 tons of tcoal, and, though
more might be stored on her decks, it is
doubtful whether she could, at the
most, carry more than enough coal to
take her to Honolulu, one-third of the
wav to the Philippines. It is prob
able that the Monterey will go in con
voy, and, after exhausting the coal that
she will take on in Honolulu, she must
either be towed about 2,000 miles' of
hej trip, or perform the difficult opera
tion of coaling at f-ea.
ONE TRANSPORT GONE.
The Steamer Florida Carries Volunteers
Chicago, May 24. A special from
Macon. Ga., says: Unless some acoi
dent has befallen the United States
transport Florida, there are now many
volunteer troops on the island of Cuba,
or they will be there within a few
hours. From accurate information ob
tained here, today, it can be stated as a
fact that the first expedition toward
Cuban Soil has started, and the outlook
is for a successful trip.
Wednesday the United States trans
port Florida left Port Tampa, with sev
eral hundred volunteer troops on boardV
The passengers belonged to the regi
ment of Cuban volunteers organized id '
the lower extremity of Florida some
weeks ago. It was thought best to
send these men, as they speak Spanish
and are more acquainted with the top
ography of the country which it is pro
posed to invade. It cannot be learned
what United States officers accom
panied the regiment of volunteers. If
this expedition is a success, other
troops will be rushed into the island as
soon as possible.
England and Japan.
London, May 24. The Vienna cor
respondent of the Daily Telegraph says:
Confirmation is given in well-informed
quarters to the rumor that the friendly
advanoes made by England to japan
have already attained a tangible result.
It is believed that an Anglo-Japanese
undertsanding has been reached, whioh
not only comprehends all eventualities
which can occur in the East, but also
com templates all the consequences that
might result in the course of the His-pano-American
war. The understand
ing establishes a sort of Asiatio balance
Five Killed In Arkansas.
Springdale, Ark., May 24. A tor
nado passed weet of here last night.
John W. Klllingatone and wife were
killed by falling timbers from their
bouse, and two Italians were killed,
and a third one fatally injured. About
80 houses were blown down.
' Chickamauga National Panic, May 24.
A passenger train on the Chattanooga,
Rome & Columbus railroad, which left
Chattanooga this morning, ran into the
third section of the military train car
rying the First Missouri volunteers,
who arrived in Chattanooga last night,
near Rossville, Ga., killing Private
George M. Walker, company D, and
painfully injuring A. Maynard Lane,
company M; Howard Brolaski, com
pany D, and slightly injuring severs)
other occupants of both trains.