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About Oregon City courier. (Oregon City, Or.) 1896-1898 | View This Issue
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Fointu In Gardening.
Agartkm Is not complete unless It con
tains a full variety of vegetables. It
should not contain anything that Is not
desired. Teas should be grown for
early, medium and late pickings, and
early and late ca.bbagt should be in
the list. Tomatoes are essential la all
gardens. The tomato Is a plant that
will have' blossoms and fruit at all
Btages of growth, even to ripening, at
the same time bearing a continuous
crop until frost. There Is nothing so
easily grown as early beets, and they
are luxuries compared with the field
kinds. Carrots nnd parsnips are favor
ites with many, but the seeds should
be planted early. A hundred strawter
ry plants will entail little or no labor,
and are not only ornamental, but use
ful in a garden. Before next spring tlie
bed will multiply to over 1,000 plants.
They should be set out as early as the
land will permit. Unless the garden Is
large, such crops as sweet corn and
potatoes should be omitted. Try one
or two plants, for experiment, of pep
per, okra, eggpWuit and cauliflower, If
not accustomed to growing such, and
they will surely be addled to the crop?
next year. The greater the variety the
more enjoyment with a garden.
To Cut Up a llecf.
The following diagram shows the
number and style of cms Into which a
beef is divided at the Chicago Stock
Yards. The average weight of each cut
and the price paid per pound for It at
now A DEEP IS CUT III'.
wholesiile are also given In the dia
gram. It will be seen that there Is a
wltl range In the price per pound of
the various parts, and that only a small
portion commands the highest price. It
la to be said of tiie pieces Into which
a steer Is cut up that tho choicest bits
Bell too high and some of the other por
tions too low.
Is It not possible to utilize our nwiple
trees more fully for making sugar?
They are everywhere giving out as
shad trees. In fact, tho mnplo tree
thrives admirably In groves, but you
rarely find a perfect specimen standiug
alone on the lawn or In the street. aA
us go back to the old habit of having
a maple grove, and making our own
sugar. Whether the beet-ugar enter
prise will prove a success or not, we
know that maple-augur making Is a
natural enterprise throughout all the
Northern Stales. There ought to be
fifty pounds made where there Is one
made now. Those who are fortunate
enough to be In condition for making
sugar this spring should not 1k turned
aside from It, and to make more
money by growing lMets. Let us have
tho largest possible crop of maple
sugar. It will pay Ivettcr at 8 or 10
cents a pound than lvcet sugar at 4.
New York Independent.
Core of Fnrm Tools.
Tools on the farm may bo costly
when they ar not kept In place. When
the hurry of work comes tho Imple
ment most required may be out of Its
location -really lost and a new ono
must then be procured. Some Imple
ments may then need repairs, which
should have been procured weeks be
fore. Cases are known In which farm
ers who have changed locations found
themselves loaded with tools that they
did not suppose they had, tho clearing
up of goods for removal bringing to
light those that had been put In o:no
out-of-the-way place. Another careless
class of farmers Is that which stores
tho tools In places so safe that they for
get them, ami though Intending to be
careful they endeavor to keep in re
membrance the location which they
cannot recall. An Inventory of farm
Implements and tools once or twice a
year would change such conditions.
Kverirrccn Tree from fWl,
Evergreen seeds may Iw planted In
beds of leaf mold mixed with sand.
Tho seeds should be covered with a lit
tle sand wet down, nnd clean hay put
over the beds, until the seeds germm
nte. After the plants appear they may
bo shaded with screens of laths, wa
tered In dry weather, and huvo dry
sand sprinkled around them lu wet
weather to preveut too much damp
ness. SihmIs of evergreens are often
germinated and the plants well started
only with great difficulty, and skill Is
requisite of success.
For Kurly ViKetuliW.
If you have a south slope, plow a
heavy furrow on the north side of the
row, throwing the soil as high as pos
sible. Turn a light furrow slice back
against this, ltnke the south slope to
any pitch desired, and plant midway
from top to bottom on the south side.
This secures an earlier drying out of
the soil, especially If rather coarse
manure Is covered lusldo the ridge,
11 lA i I
a hi i iji
which also assists In wanning up the
land, and permits more direct rays of
the sun, Increasing earliness from ten
to fifteen days. To level land again,
turn top of ridge back liito the bottom
of north side furrows.
Bare I'tuces in Meadows. . t
It sometimes happens that meadows
which were good one year are eaten
out by grubs in the root In fall, or are;
destroyed by winter freezing, making
bare places. These are not only ira
sightly but as nature abhors'a vacuum,
such places are quickly filled up with
weeds.., If there are many, such places,
It Is better to Apply whatfrirfcnure' can.
be spared and reseed. But ' If there
are only a few, harrowing the hare
places and throwing' on some grass seed
and a top dressing of manure will
probably make a sod by fall,, ,'Bivt. no
crop of grass can be expfceted from
such land this year, and' if fiossible, it
should be plowed for a year's cropping",
to be reseeded the following year.
The Druusht of Chimneys.
Many chimneys have defective
draught because more pains Is taken
to make a smooth outside where the
mason work shows, than on the Inside,
where the efficiency of the chimney to
carry off superfluous smoke depends on
how the chimney was constructed. A
well-proportioned chimney should be at
least as large at its top as It Is at bot
tom. This rule is often violated, some
people having the Idea that If the aper
ture at the top Is made smaller the
smoke will bo forced out more violent
ly. It may sewn to be , so, but such
chimneys will soon clog up by the
smoke condensing on their sides, be
sides throwing a good deal of smoke
through the lower rooms of the house.
Chnrconl for Lawns.
The dark color of charcoal makes It
absorb heat, ami thus warm the land
to which It Is applied as a dressing. It
may also have considerable mauurlal
value, as tho charcoal easily absorbs
ammonia, nnd If soaked In strong
manure water from a compost, It will
carry the ammonia to the lawn In less
offensive form than In the manure,
which Is so often used for that purpose.
Cultivation of Ilccts.
Clay loam Is often the finest beet soil,
but on account of subsolling and be
cause of tho need of good drainage, it
must not have a rough clay or hard-pan
underneath. Perfect beets demand not
only depth, mellowness and fertility as
soil characteristics, but, as well, free
dom from standing water for any
length of time and from such stones
as would Interfere with cultivation.
Selecting u Calf.
A correspondent suggests a novel
Idea for selecting a calf which Is in
tended for a milk cow. lie says: "Nev
er keep a calf with a thick, short, stub
by tall or otherwise of an ox-llke ap
pearance unless for the feed lot This
Is a simple way of ascertaining a desir
able plee of Information, and the
writer wishes some would try It"
Journal of Agriculture.
('Kippers' Improved Milk Can,
A milk can for shippers that will al
ways hold a given quantity of milk la
shown lu tho accompanying Illustra
tion. The method of
securing this result
Is by having nn ex
skin or covering,
and within It the
Then, no matter if
the can should be
dented In transit,
the Interior recepta
cle will still hold Its
original shape. This
alteration of caia
clty In cans when
they become donted
or buttered Is a very
serious one In tho
mii.k can. nairy iihmimij, in
sulting In frequent disputes and much
Feeding sheep for market should be
a separate business from simply rais
ing them In the usual manner. They
should receive clover liny and a l!loral
allowance of ground grain, as well as
bo sheltered In a large yard, In order
not to luivo them travel over the fields
while fattening, tho object being to fat
ten them quickly, and sell as soon as
they are ready.
The demand for parsnips Is best In
winter, nnd In the Southern States they
are allowed to remain In the ground
until wanted, while In the northern
States they are dug late In fall and
stored In trenches. They are shipped
In small ventilated barrels, the tops
having lHen removed and tho roots
washed when necessary.
Shelter Savin Food.
A herd of twenty cows that are not
properly sheltered and kept warm In
winter will cat enough additional food
to more than pay for shingling the
leaking roof owr them, nnd they will
also lose more than enough In the prod
uct of milk or butler to paint tho build
ing. Shelter ssives food and promote
Huvc n Trnilo Murk.
Business men have trade marks; ro
Rhould the farmer. The farmer who
uses a trade mark, and puts it on every
thing he sells In packages, advertises
Ms goods and creates a market for his
products. In adopting a trade mark,
however, only the best i.ud choicest ar
ticle should be sold.
' Is! m
' ' 1 w iff? 11
THE PCOR ALLIGATOR.
Rapid Decline of One of the Ugliest
liensts on Earth.
Florida tourists note a sharp advance
In the price of alligator material, and
also In the raw material In life. This
Is owing to the large decrease in the
supply. Diminutive live alligators have
advanced from 25' cents each to 50
cents, and larger ones In proportion; In
some instances a greater per cent. Is
charged for the full-grown reptiles, for
they are much scarcer than are the
This Is oecause of the sportsman and
his deadly gun, who shoots the saurian
out of mere wantonness and a desire to
make a record. The Seminole Indians
also conduct a war of extermination
against the alligators, but as they kill
for revenue only they are, In a measure,
excusable. They also trap the smaller
ones, from the tiny babe 10 or 12 inches
In length to the "youngster" of two,
three or four feet
The baby 'gators are boxed by the
curio dealers and sold to ladies who
nffect great Interest In the ugly things
for pets. As the 'gate -3 only live on air
and muddy water and an occasional
chunk of meat every three or four days,
they are not troublesome. The Indians,
knowing of the scarcity of alligators In
nil of the Florida streams, have imi
tated the paleface curio dealer and
charge more for their 'gators.
The baby alligators, while not valu
able for their small hides, are killed
by the hundrtxls and mounted. Some
serve as thermometers the tube run
ning up the back. Another curio Is a
baby alligator standing upon his hind
feet and playing a violin with its fore
feet Others are arrayed as waiters
offering some article for sale or hold
lug a lamp to light visitors to a tank
holding a lrt-foot or 18-foot live saurian.
Alligators three or four feet in length,
mounted serve as grotesque advertise
ments nnd appear to lie "so natural"
that the stranger Is frequently In doubt
whether "the thing is alive" or not, and
make n detour in order to be on the
Very few colored ieoplo are success
ful lu catching large alligators. There
seems to be a mutual distrust and anti
pathy on both sides. While the alliga
tor Is not always looking for a fight, but
desires to bo let alone, he will tight a
"darky" on sight As fwxm as he spies
a negro ho will dive and rise at about
the proper place and hind him, or rather
swoop h1m In, If within reaching dis
tance. Not so In the case of white
hunters. The alligator will swim nway,
unless Its young Is attacked, and then
it will crawl out on shore and use Its
huge tall as a battering ram. Oue
stroke will knock a man senseless.
The scarcity of the alligator crop is
now a live issue, and as this is one of
Florida's atiractions it is urged that
something be done to stop this whole
sale slaughter. It Is possible that the
next Legislature will come to the res
cue of the friendless alligators.
Two Acres Knout h In lielgium,
What many an American farmer falls
to do on 100 acres, the thrifty Holland
er lu Belgium easily does ou two acres,
namely, support a large family and
lay by something for a rainy day. He
does It by making the most of every
Inch, by heavy manuring, allowing no
waste places. His two acres are sur
rouuded by a ditch of running water.
The typical two-acre Belgium farm
contalus a patch of wheat or rye and
another of barley; another fair portion
y M Hfib 11
grows potatoes. A row of cabbage
grows all around on the sloping sides
of the ditches with a row of onions
just inside, leaving bare walking room
between them and the grain. The
shade trees round the house are pear
trees. Every foot of land Is made to
produce. lie keeps pigs and chickens.
We refer to this as illustrating the pos
sibilities of land production. In Bel
gium 0,000,000 people, chiefly farmers,
live on a piece of land the size of the
State of Maryland. They furnish an
object lesson on successful farming.
Colman'a Rural World.
"Forcing" the Studies.
The abandonment of the Froebel sys
tem In the government schools In Paris
Is an interesting educational announce
ment The I'arls correspondent at the
New York Evening Fost makes this
comment upon the change: "Experi
ence has proved the wisdom of the old
saying, 'Work when you work, and
play when you play.' A game forced,
the teachers say, is no longer a game;
and while the children are amused at
first, they soon weary of Froebel's In
structive 'mother play.' The authori
ties here consider that prolonging dur
ing the ages of 8 and even 0, as the
FroeM kindergartens do, the associa
tion of amusement and Instruction,
makes the child lacking In application
and retards hlin, which Is clearly
proved by the fact that the children
who leave the kindergartens at 7 go
Into the second and third grade of the
SUBSTITUTE FOB KEAL I1AHV.
primary schools, knowing rending, writ
ing, addition, substruction, the geogra
phy of France and the multiplication
talile up to seven. So while there are
still occasional ardent devotees to this
method In Tarls, the government has
pronounced against it, as falling to
amuse from the standpoint of play, and
hindering the fullest development in
the nature of work." The prolonging
of the kindergarten age is doubtless at
the root of the trouble. There Is Jio
doubt that In this country, also, the
spirit of the Froebel teaching is by no
means always followed. But wher
ever It Is comprehended the results are
lkvessarlly good, being founded upon
a deep philosophical principle of life.
The fault Is not In Froebel's philosophy,
not in the motor iwwer, but In the sort
of machinery used, so to K-poak, In the
Ignorance of the teachers of its rlght
fiU nnd spiritual and educational appli
cation. Boston Transcript
Of the 82,2,12 (lermaus who emigrated
in 1SIW only 174 went to Australia.
Most of the rest came here to assist in
It will be Just ou luck, wired we get
to heaven, to have to sit behind a high
No man ever dyed his whiskers with
out being caught at It
I you can
1 be cured
If you suffer from any of the
ills erf" men, come to the oldest
Specialist on the Pacific Coastf
DR. JORDAN & CO..
.1061 Market St Est'd I95 1
Voting men and mil4le
aarf3 i;ifn who are sutferinz
t from the effects of youthful indiscretions or ex- j
cesses in matursr years. JNervous and JJhysical
in ail tw complications: HuermatorrSiUMt.
Frequency of ITi'inaUuK. ed. Bv a '
l combination of remedies, of great curative pow j
er, the Doctor has so arranged his treatment '
I that it will not'only afford immediate relief but ,
permanent cure. The Doctor does not claim to '
I perform miracles, but Is well-known to be a fair j
and square Physician and Surgeon, pre-eminent '
i iii his specialty IMfcOENON of Men, j
n.rpiiiiis moroughiy ernntcateairomtue '
system w!thoiitUNltiBMernr ,
. KV.ttllY MAN annlvinir in twi will nv.
, calve our honqst opinion of hln complnlnt
; m will Guarantee a POSITIVE CUHE in
, every case we undertake, or forfeit One
(,on;tilraticn h RRR nnn orrtrf it nrlvnfA.
CHARGES VERY REASONABLE, Treat- I
ment personally or by letter. Send for book,
" The Philosophy of la.arafet,
iree. a vaiuaoie dook lor men.;
VISIT DA. JORDAN'S
Great Musenm of Anatomy
the finest and largest Museum of its kind in the.
world. Come and learn how wonderfully you I
are maae; now to avoid sickness and disease.
we are continually adding new specimens. I
va.tax,vuuji; jui&n;. uauor write.
1061 Market Street, San Francisco, Cal.
...The Most Desirable Suburb...,
ADJOINING OREGON CITY AND
T is all within one mile of the
nected by an improved plank road. Healthy location, fine
view, good air, soil, water and drainage and a first-class
public school adjoining. With all the advantages of the city
and but a 15 minutes walk to to the business houses, makes this
a very desirable place of residence and bound to grow in
Choice Lots ready for the garden from $100 to $150 on
easy monthly installments with liberal discount to home build
ers. Call on or address.
T. L. CnARIAN, Trustee,
inn ii 11 nn nr iwiUtn. it FT 11.1. TTT
Wfcnsren AiwrurtmeftusEDB? ,1
GIVES THE CHOICE OF
Oregon, Geo. W, Elder and City of Topeia
Laave Portland Every 5 Days for
Octan Eteamers Leave Portland Every 4 Days
Stcauieri Monthly from Portland to
Yokohama and Hong Konj;, in con
nection with the 0. K. A. X.
For further Information call on 0. R. Si N.
F E. DONALDSON, or address
W. H. HURLBURT,
General Passenger, Ageut, Portland, Or.
PODWEIX. CAK1.II.L A CO.,
Gen. Ats. Nor. Pac. S. S. Co., Portland, Or.
Trains arrive and depart from Portland ai
Lave for the Kast via Huntington daily,:00rm
Arrira from Eaat " " " 7 "0 !,m
Leave for the Kast via Spokane daily, J ooi.ra
Arrive from East ' .1 loasiui
WASTED TRC3TW0RTHY AD ACTIVI
Dileraen or ladles ui travel for reapnnatbli
raiafilUlied noma In Oragoo. Monthly Kt) au
xpenara. Poaltlon steady. Relereuoe. f a
rib aelf sdrtrmed stamped envelope. Thi
PusalnloB Compaay, Dept. Y.Oiilcago.
tJTAHTTtn - TRUaTWORTHY AND ACTIVI
uiUmu or lsdiea to Uaval far rMMnstMs
Utebtd bona la Oregon. Moaloly ItAnO m
pa&y, vein. 1, vaiaago.
YAQUINA 33 AY ROUTE
Connecting at Yoqufna Bay with the San
JfraLoiBCo nnd Yaquina By
Sil from Yaquina every eight day for San
Francisco, Coo Hjy Poit Oxford, Trimdad and
rassonger accommodations nnsurpaSBCd.'
Shortest ronto between tho Willamette Valley
Fare from Albany or pointa treat to San
Cabin, rouud trip ' '
To Coo Day and Port Oxford: ''
Cabin, i .
Round trip, good for 60 dayf.
. 5 01) .
Steamer "Albany" and "Wm. M. Eoag
newlv furnished, leave Albany daily (e.icupt
Balurdays) at 7:45 a.m., arriving at Portland the
ame day at S p. m.
Returning, boats leave Portland Mine day$
at 6:00 a. m., arriving at Albany at 7:45 p. m.
J. O. MAYO, Supt. River Division,
EDWIN STONE, Mgr.,
PRACTICALLY A PART OF IT;
center of the city and is con
Charman Bros.' Block
- - tj- "'2Sr".!WS.
EAST AND SOUTH
The Shasta Route
SOUTHERN PACIFIC CO.
Express Tralni Leave Portland Daily.
South. I I North.
6:00. M. 1 Lt Portland Ar 9:30jI.
0:f)2p.M. Lv Oregon City Lv :). 11
7:4fA.M. Ar SanPranolsco Lv l:twr. m
The above trains stop at all stations betweep
Portland and Salem, Turner, Marion, Jeffer
son, Altiany, Tangent, fihedds, Ilalsey, Harris
bnrK, Junction tiity, Irvlnir, Eugene. Creswell,
Cottage Grove, Dralnn, and all stations from
Boseburg to Ashluud, lncluoive.
ROSEBUUO MAIL DAILY.
9:a0a.K. . Lv Portland Ar4:S0r.M
6:27 i. u. I Lv Oregon City Lv 8:.1
8:20 1. H. Ar Roseburg Lv I 7: 0 at
DINING CARS ON OGDEN ROUTE.
PULLMAN BUFFET SLESPESS
SECOND-CLASS1 SLEEPING CARS
Attached to all Through Trains.
West Sid Division,
Between PORTLAND and COHVALLIS
M AILTRAIM DAILY (EXCEFTSUNDAY.)
TiSOA.M. I Lv Portland Ar5:60P.M
12:15 P.M. I Ar Corvallls Lv 1 1 :u6 P. M
At Albany and Corvalils connect with train
of Oregon Central !t Kattern R. R.
EXPRESS TRAIN DAILY (EXCEPT SUNDAY.)
6:30 P. M.
Lt Portland Ar8:2SA.M
Ar McMinnvllle Lv 5:60 A. M
Ar Independence Lv 4:00 A. M
Direct connection at San Francisco with
Occidental and Oriental and Pacific Mall
Rieamslilp Lines for JAPAN AND CHINA.
Sailing dates on application.
Rates and tickets to eastern points and
Europe also JAPAN. CHINA, HONOLULU
aud AUSTRALIA, can be obtained from
E. E. BOYD, Agent, Oregon City
R. KOEHLER, c. h. MARKHAM,
Asst. d. F. ! P. Agent
OREGON CITY TRANSPORTATION GO'S
Will MaVe Pally Trips Between
OREGON CITY .no PORTLAND
Leaving Portland for Salem and way.
landings at 6:45 a. m., and Oregon
City at about 8 p. m.
fcla, BO YEAR
Anyone pending a sketch and description may
e.nlo!y aacertnm our opinion free whether an
Invention U prubnblr rutentublA. Comniunira.
tloiu Mrtctly JonMeritlal. Han)b.xikoo Psteutai
fyu in. vKisi auencv lur scurmv patents.
I atenta taken throuch Munu A Co. reoalva
IJxciat notic, without clmrve, lu the
A eandeomely lllturtrated weekly. I uvM etr.
calatton 0 any loentino Jonnjal. Terirn, 13 a
SUKS & Co 36'Bro,. f8W York
Brauok Goo., SXT8U WaabtBgteo, D.C.
ri i"r momut, tL eoia Dyail rwiaalers.
am Ui,JiiiaiiMawi 3