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About Oregon City courier. (Oregon City, Or.) 1896-1898 | View This Issue
ISLE OF DESOLATION
Redfield Proctor Tells Senate
What He Saw in Cuba.
VICTIMS OP SPANISH MISRULE
Condition of Iteconcentrndos Pictured
A Splendid Race That la Now
Washington, March 18. Senator
Proctor, of Vermont, who returned last
Sunday from an extended trip to and
through the island of Cuba, this after
noon made a statement to the senato of
his observations on the island. From
many points of view the statement was
remarkable. It had evidently been
most carefully prepared. Every ele
ment of sensationalism had been studi
ously eliminated from it, and except so
far as the facts recited were sensation
al, it bore not the slightest evidence of
an effort to arouse the publio mind, al
ready keenly alive to the condition of
affairs on the island.
Calm and dispassionate to a notable
degree, the utterances of the senator
aroused a breathless interest. Every
person within the sound of his voice
was convinced that he was putting his'
observations into careful terms, lest he
might subject himself to the criticism
of being emotional.
He spoke in part as follows:
"More importance seems to be at
tached by others to my recent visit to
Cuba than I have given it. It has
been suggested that I make a publio
Btatement of what I saw and how the
situation impressed me. This I do.
on account of publio interest in all
that concerns Cuba, and to correot any
inacouracies that have not unnaturally
.appeared in some of the reported inter
views with me. ,
"My trip was entirely unofficial, and
of my own notion; it was not suggested
by anyone. The only mention I made
of it to the president was to say to him
that I contemplated such a trip, and to
ask him if thdre was any objeotion to
it, to which he replied that he could
The senator spoke in very kindly
terms of Consul-General Lee and of
Consul Brioe. Referring to the Maine
matter he said:
"It has been stated that I said there
was no doubt the Maine was blown up
from the outside. This is a mistake.
I may have said that such was the gen
eral impression among Americuns in
Havana; in fact, I have no opinion
about it myself and carefully avoided
forming one. I gave no attention to
those outside surmises. I met the
members of the court of inquiry on
their boat, but would as soon approach
our supreme court in regard to a pend
ing case as that board. They are as
competent and trustworthy within the
lines of their duty as any oourt in the
land, and thoir report, when made,
will carry conviction to all the people
that the exact truth has been stated as
far as it is possible to ascertain it.
"Havana, the great city and capital
of Cuba, is, in the oyes of the Spanish
and many Cubans, all Cuba, as Paris ie
Franco. But, having visited it in
more peaceful times and seen its sights,
the tomb of Cloumbus, the forts, Ca
banas, Morro castle, e,to., I did not care
to repeat this, preferring trips in the
country. Everything seems to go on
tnuch as usual in Havana, and one sees
few signs of war.
"Outside of Havana all is changed.
It is not poace, nor is it it; it is deso
lation and destruction, misery and star
vation. Every town and village is sur
rounded by a trocha, a sort of riflo pit.
The purpose of theso trochas is to keep
the reoonoentrados in as well as to
keep the insurgents out. From all the
Burrounding country the people have
been driven into the fortified towns
and held there to subsist as they can.
Thev are virtually prison yards, and
not unliko one in general appearanoe.
Every point ia in runge of a soldier's
"West of Havana is mainly the rich
tobacco country, east, so far as I wont,
ia the sugar region. Nearly all the
sugar mills are destroyed between Ha
vana and Sagua.
"The reconcentrados number about
400,000. They were the peasantry,
farmers, some landowners, others rent
ing lands and owning more or less
stock, others working on estates and
cultivating small patches, and even a
small patch in that fruitful clime will
support a small family. According to
their standard of comfort, before Wey
ler's order was issued they were well
off. When they reached the towns to
which they wore driven, they were al
lowed to build huta of palm leaves in
the suburbs and vacant places within
the trocha, and left to live if they
could. For want of space the huts are
crowded close together. They have no
floor but the ground, and no furniture,
and after a years' wear, but little
clothing. The commonest sanitary
provisions are impossible.
"Torn from their homos, with foul
earth, foul air, foul water and foul
food, or none, what wonder that one
half have died and that one-quarter of
the living are so diseased that they can
not be saved. A form of dropsy is the
result of this condition. Little children
are still walking about with arms and
chests terribly emaciated,' eyes swollen
and abdomens bloated to three times
tho natural siza Deaths in the streets
bave not been uncommon.
"I could not believe that ont of a
population of 1,600,000, 200,000 had
died within the Spanish forts, prac
tically prison walls, within a few
months past from actual starvation nnd
diseases caused by insufficient and im
proper food. My inquiries were from
reliable sources, and every time the
answer was that the case had not been
overstated. What I saw I cannot tell
GO that others can Eee it.
Some Important Concessions to Be Ex
acted of China.
Peking, March 21. France has
formulated the following fresh do-,
That China shall not cede any por
tion of ' the four provinces,' : Kwang
Tung, Kwang Si, Yum Nan aJid Kwci
Chau; that the i railway- froVjY. Tung
Chau Ting (on the northern frontier of
Touquin) shall he extended via Paz,
Siara, into the Yun Nan province,'and
that a coaling station be granted
France at Lei Chau; Fu; in the Hen
Chau peninsula, north of ,' Han' Kan.
Thus far China declines to comply
with any of these demands.
Peking, March 2L Franoe tnakes
numerous other demands upon China
in addition to those cabled last night.
They include extensive railroad and
coal .concessions, exclusive mining
privileges and also insist that the di
rector of the imperial postofflce be a
Frenchman. . Eight days are allowed
China to reply and the threats are in
terpreted to indicate that the Frenoh
will oocupy the province of Hai Nin
unless the Chinese comply.
Terrible State of Affairs.
Washington, March 21. Senator
Gallingor was at the capitol today for
the first time since his return from
Cuba. When requested to make a
statement as to his observations on the
condition of affairs on the island, he re
sponded: "You can sign my name to any pic
ture you may draw of utter wretched
ness and destitution and hellishness in
that country. The reconoontrados are
perishing by thousands for want of the
oommonest necessaries of life. The
beat information obtainable leads to
the conclusion that there have been be
yond doubt 400,000 deaths as a result
of Spain's brutal policy, and many more
are occurring from day to day.
Spaniards Worso Than Turks.
Detroit, March 21. Professor Dean
C Worcester, of the university of
Michigan, who has visited the Philip
pine islands in the inteiest of soienoe,
says that people here are unwilling to
believe the things said about the Span
ish treatment of the Cubans. They
seem too abhorrent, but if they oould
appreciate that the outrages in Cuba
dwarf those of Armenia they would
have Btopped them long ago.
Extra Work at Powder Mills.
Santa Cruz, Cal., March 21. The
powder works were in full blast Sunday
making government powder. It is
unusual for the force to be at work Sun
day. As extra men are being em
ployed, it is presumed that or-ders have
been received to inoreaee the output.
For the past week, the mill has been
devoted exclusively to the manufacture
of government brown powder.
Wilmington, Del., March 21. The
powder works of the E. I. Dupont-Do
Moura Company fs working day and
night on a government order for hexa
gonal powder for the big guns. The
daily capacity of the work is said to be
10 tons of powder. Work is also said
to be hurried at the company's plant in
New Jersey, near Gibbstown.
More Trouble Brewing.
Mexico City, March 21. Twelve
Guatemalans of the staff of General
Morales, the Guatemalan rebel leader,
left hero yesterday for Vera Cruz, and
will disembark at Chapuperico. Tlioy
will go well armed, and take tents for
120 people. General Morales will fol
low in a few days, and it is believod
that this portends fresh breaking out
of the rebellion.
Spaniards are said to be aiding Mo
rales, and will expect if he succeeds to
receive favors from his hands.
An Idaho Hallway Scheme.
Boise, Idaho, March 21. A contract
has been signed for $500,000 of bonds
of the proposed Moscow & Eastern rail
way, which has been projected to reach
the White Pine belt, lying in Latah
and Shoshone counties. The prelimi
nary survey has been made and it is
expected the work of constructing the
line will be under way by July 1. The
road is to be built to a point 40 miles
almost directly east of Moscow, upon
the Potlatch river, in the heart of a
vast body of white pine timber, and
said to be the most extensive and finest
body of this timber now standing.
Gold and Silver From Sea Water.
New York, March 21. About 03
ounces of bullion in the proportion of
one-third gold to two-thirds silver and
valued at about $540, has been re
ceived at the assay office in the cones.
It came from tho Electrolytic Marine
Salts Company, of Boston, and Arthur
Ryan, its president, claims that the
metal was extracted from sea water at
North Lubec, Me. Of the economios
of the process nothing was said. As
says will bo made and upon them will
depend what is to be paid for the bul
Plague Klots Expected.
Bombay, March 21. Two hundred
new oases and 210 deaths from the
plague were reported today. Five
Europeans have been attack od. The
Mohammedans at Hubli, on the south
Mahratta railway, hearing of the riots
in this city, have decided to rofeist the
plague committee's operations. The
volunteers have been mobilized, and
the infantry ha? been summoned, but
as yet there has been no conflict.
Does Not Want Hawaii.
London, March 21. The government
of Great Britain is surprised at the re
port of the senate committee on foreign
relations, which, after presenting a
joint resolution for annexation of Ha
waii, set forth that Great Britain was
plotting for the absorption of Hawaii.
Havana, March 21. General Pando,
concerning whose safety anxiety has
been expressed in some circles, arrived
this morning at Ciego de Avilla, prov
ince of Puerto Principe.
FROM BRAZIL TO UNCLE SAM.
Formal Transfer of Cruiser Amnzouat
Took Place at Gravesend.
Gravesend, England, March 21. The
cruiser Amazonas, built by the Arm
strongs for Brazil and purchased by the
United-States,, was formally transferred
from' the.BrazOianjBagto the, Stars apd.
Stripes pfnirtlyr"a:fter il o'clock. AV M. '
The'cljwmony wfla simple and dignified,
and to. the' Brazilian officers it was
Lieutenant-Commander Col-well, Uni
ted States naval attache, aoopmpanied
by Ensign lloberts, Assistant 'Engineer
Morris and Consul-Goneral Dsborne,
arrived on board ' shortly before 11
o'clock. The chief officer of the coast
guard and a number of customs officers, -all
in uniform, were already on board.
Lieutenant-Commander Col well, salut
ing Commander Corres, said:
"Captain, I have here a contract of
sale to which you were a witness,
whereby this vessel is to bo transferred
to me in behalf of the United States."
Commander Cotres replied through
an interpreter, saying: . ...
"In handing over the ship I desire
Uo say that it is done with the sincere
friendship of Brazil.
Colwell, saluting, replied:
"In behalf of the United States I
thank you for the sentiment."
In the center of a circle of offloers of
both nations, Colwell then faced the
Brazilian flag flying from the cruiser's
stern, and as the officers bared their
headB the flag of Brazil was hauled
down, after which, facing about with
their heads still uncovered, Old Glory
was run up. Lieutenant Colwell and
the Brazilian officers then shook hands.
Great interest was taken in the cere
mony, which is said to have been
unique in naval history, by whioh one
power transferred a warship to another
in the harbor of a third power.
Several American flags were hoisted
at Gravesend after the Stars and Stripes
were unfurled over the Amazonas.
After saluting Tilbury fort, the band
played "The Star Spangled Banner,"
with the crew standing at "attention."
Commodore Howell immediately or
dered 60 tons of coal for the San Fran
cisoo and 803 tons for the Amazonas,
whioh is coaling, and ia expected to
complete the work Tuesday, when she
will go to Holshaven to take on ammu
nition. THE MAINE REPORT.
President Expects to Keceive It Within
a Short Time.
Washington, March 21. An air of
suspense was noticeable in the navy
department today,' due to the approach
of the time for the delivery of the re
port of the court of inquiry. It is not
known when the document will come
to Washington, and in view of the re
ports of the determination of outside
parties to obtain possession of it before
the department receives it, the officials,
if they know, will not sav how the
papers are to be brought to Washington
All that is known definitely is that the
president has suggested that the report
be made as soon as possible, and it is
expected to reach this oity in the oourse
of two or three days.
The cabinet today talked over the
matter, and the time stated above was
the general opinion of the members
when they had heard all that Secretary
Long had to report on the subjeot,
There is an impression that Lieutenant
Commander Marix will bring the docu
ment, though it ia within Admiral
Sicard's power to choose any other
A cabinet officer expressed the belief
tliat the report will require careful con
sideration on the part of the president
and Ins cabinet before given to the pub
lie, which would seem to postpone its
publication to some time about the mid
die ol toe week, although nothing is
certain on that point.
lbe new naval policy, embodied in
the creation of another squadron to
rendezvous at Hampton roads, was dis-
cussed at the cabinet meoting at length
and received unanimous approval.
Every phase of the several questions
involved was carefully considered, and
it is believed that very soon after the
report is reoeived the president, possi
bly in conjunction with congress, will
anuounce a definite policy.
Alliance Talk I'nabated.
London, March 21. The Daily
Chronicle, in an editorial on the growth
of the Anglo-American alliance idea,
expresses the conviction that it is only
a matter of tune, but that it would bo
a great mistake to try to rush the
movement. It says:
"Amerioa does not need more help
from us now than at any other time,
She is superabundantly capable of
meeting any situation that may arire.
She will have our friendly sympathy
and neutrality in the Cuban question
and at this moment it is difficult for us
to offer more. It is quite certain that
England would never allow the United
States to be crushed by a combination
of European powers."
Overpowered the Gnard.
Boise, Idaho, March 21. A whole'
sale escape of oouvicta occurred at the
penitentiary at 2 o'clock this afternoon,
A gang of 13 men employed in the
quarry overpowered the guard and do-
camped, taking the guard with them
some distance. Two of them returned
voluntarily, and six were captured dur
ing the afternoon. Five are still at
T.ntnber Schooner Burned
Tillamook, Or., March 21. New
lias just been received from Oretown, ;
small village on the coast, a bout 80
miles south of here, that the lumber
schooner Arthur I, of San Francisco, is
on the beach at the point, a total wreck.
having been broken into several pieces
by heavy seas.
Nothing has been seen of the crew
and it is feared that all have perished
There is no telegraph line to Oretown
and no further particulars are obtain
MUST WE FIGHT CUBA?
Pnlma Declares That Autonomy Will
Not Be Accepted.
New York, March 19. The follow
ing proclamation to the people of the
United States' was issued by Tomas
Estrada (Palma at the office of the
Cuban junta tonight: :
'-"To the'American People: The f re-.,
quency .with which there has lately ap
peared in .the public press suggestions
made by malicious or misinformed in
dividuals that Cuba would accept or
oould be forced to. accept autonomy or
anything short of independence, has
impelled us to make a definite and final
statement on this subject From the
first, our motto has been 'Independ
ence or Death.' We are now more
firmly than ever determined to carry
out pur .programme. As we will not
aoept, we will not even discuss the pro
posals of autonomy. After three years
of the most sanguinary and uncivilized
warfare of modern times, carried on by
Spain, we are stronger than ever. It ia
for us td say what will saisfy us, not
for others. Our ideas and our national
honor we can confide to the keeping of
"I cannot think that the American
people have forgotten the principles
laid down by their own declaration of
independence, or can I believe that any
true American can be found who would
advise us to forsake the idea of . repub
lican government for monarchial gov
ernment, even in its most liberal form.
"There is no way to compel the
Cubans to accept autonomy, exoept by
force of arms.
We have fought three years, not
against Spain alone, but against the
whole world. Not a helping hand was
extended to us,, no country gave us
equal rights with Spain. The right to
arm our people by purchasing weapons
in this country and transporting them
to Cuba is admitted, but although en
gaged in lawful trafflo, we had to run
the blockade to got from these shores
and again run the gauntlet in Cuba.
Our ships and cargoes were seized,
subjected to delay, but invariably re
stored, by the Blow and costly process
of law. Nevertheless, we never
faltered. We always appreciated the
fact that the sympathy of the adminis
tration was with us. Spain has proven
impotent to compel us by force to ac
cept autonomy. She now desires the
aid of the United States to compel us to
'I cannot believe that the Amorioan
nation would ever lend itself to the
most treacherous and bloodstained mon
archy of history for suoh a purpose.
Should such prove to be the caso, how
ever, 1 declare, in tlie name ol tue
Cuban people in arms, that force alone
oan oompel our submission." We who
have seen hundreds of thousands of our
race and families exterminated by slow
starvation, by a cowardly decree of the
most inhuman commander of sanguin
ary Spain, will fight against anything
but independence, no matter who op
"But if, unfortunately, this inored-
ible proposal be carried into effeot,
and American bayonets be arrayed
against us in our struggle for freedom,
and in aid of the Spanish monarchy,
we will fight on, sadly, but deter
minedly, and let history judge whether
the vanquished had not a purer idoa ol
free institutions than our victors. In
ench case we will be exterminated, but
future generations will again take up
our flag and our aspirations, and Cuba
wi'l yet be froe.
Nor will we ever agree to the truce
until our independence is established.
We will continue to fight, as did the
Americans under Jackson at the battle
of Now Orleans, even after the troaty
of peace is signed, if it should beneoos-
sary. The Cubans cannot be convinced
that the United States will ever try to
force us to remain under the Spanish
flag, but I have deemod it my duty to
appeal to the generosity, the sym
pathy and the patriotism of the Amori
can people that they may understand
the justness and firmness of our demand
for complete independence.
"TOMAS ESTRADA PALM A."
Al Oration by Blanco.
Havana, March 19. At the banquet
given at the palace last night by Cap
tain-General Blanco to the officers of
the Vizcaya and Oquendo, General
Blanco toasted "the king, the queen
recent, the army and the navy of
Spain." He said:
"The preRcnt generation will nevei
see another banner than that of Spain
at the entranoe to the Gulf of Moxico,
That banner, representing civilization
progress, liberty, humanity and relig
ion, will be eternal, like that of the
first American nation."
Those sentiments were reoeived with
shouts of applause.
NEW NAVAL SQUADRON.
A Defensive Fleet Will Rendezvous
Washington, March 19. The event
of the day in official circles was the
issuing of an order for the formation
of a new squadron of naval vessels to
be Btationed at Hampton Roads. The
squadron in the beginning will oon
sist of five ships, al! the best of tliui
types. Two of them, the battie-Btupi
Massachusetts and Texas, are with
drawn from the fleet at Key West an
Tortugas. In ordering this movement,
the navy department is not animated
by any purpose of yielding to repre
sentations or intimations that may have
oome from the new Spanish minister.
On tho contrary, the new squadron wai
brought about by purely strategio con
ditions, although it appears from th
nature of the force so far under order
to rendezvous at Hampton Roads, that
this strategy is of a defensive nature.
"The President' Own."
Canton, O., March 18. Officers have
been named for a regiment of pro
visional troops, organized in this city,
to be known as "The President's Own."
The regiment Is oomposed of more than
600 men at present, including some of
the best young men in the oity.
WEEKLY MARKET LETTER.
Trade Conditions in the Leading Cities
of the World.
The feature of the week in the wheat
trade has been the attempt to make the
bullcliquo stand from under the mar
ket The attempt lias been an absolute
failure) for tho L'eiter crowd have stood
in the breach and bid $1,04 for May
wheat and took all they could get at
that price. . The "barring'' of houses
representing Leitef was assign of lack
of confidence on the part of i the bears.
They know that the clique is amply
able to pay for all the wheat it takes,
but probably they do not wish to add
to the incentive which the clique al
ready has to run prices " up. : . A rather
Bevere break has occurred in the other
options, but aside from the better crop
reports from the southwest the news has
not been bearish. ' Foreign markets
have been remarkably firm and the con
stant purchase of wheat by foreigners
at the seaboard bespeaks a genuine de-
mand. The addition to the contract
stock looks bearish, but it must be ad
mitted that a very small percentage of
the total receipts grades up to the
standard. Some may wonder why
Loiter withdrew his support from the
July option. Probably because he an
tioipated a haid fight on the May deal,
and considered it a foregone conclusion
that a bulge in the May wheat will
bring the July back into line in a hurry.
The crop situation is looming up against
the price of deferred futures, and the
excellent prospects are a -strong induce
ment toward loosening up farmers
holdings and to putting out of line of
Wheat Walla Walla, 7475c; Val
ley and Bluestom, 7778o per bushel.
Flour Best grades, $3.85; graham,
3.40; superfine, $2.80 per barrel.
Oats Choice white, 8687c; choice
gray, 83 34c per bushel.
Barlev Feed barley, $17 18.50;
brewing, $20 per ton.
Millstuffs Bran, $18 per ton; mid
dlings, $28; shorts, $18.
Hay Timothy, $12.50; clover, $10
11; Oregon wild hay, $9 10 per ton.
Eggs Oregon, ll12o per dozen.
Butter Fancy creamery, 4550o;
fair to good, 4045o; dairy, 8540o
Cheese Oregon full cream, 1 3 o ;
Young America, 13 14c
Poultry ChiekenB, mixod, $3.50
4.00 per dozen; liens, $4.004.50;
geese, $0.00; ducks, $5.00
0.00 per dozen; turkeys, live, 11 12c
Potatoes Oregon Burbanks, 40 50c
per sack; sweetB, $1.752 per cental
Onions Oregon, $2.25 2. 60 per
Hops 14 16o per pound for new
orop; 1800 crop, 4 6o.
Wool Valley, 1410o per pound;
Eastern Oregon, 712c; mohair, 20
22c per pound.
Mutton Gross, best sheep, wethers
and ewes, 4o; dreBsed mutton, 7c;
spring lambs, bo per pound.
Hogs Gross, choice heavy, $4.25
light and feeders, $8.004.00; dressed,
$5. 00 5. 50 per 100 pounds.
Beef Gross, top steers, $3.50
8.75; cows, $2.508; dressed beef, 6
7c per pound.
Veal Largo, 66-gc; small, 78c
Potatoes Yakimas, $14 per ton;
natives, $1113; sweetB, 2c per pound;
box of 60 pounds, $1.
Butter Fancy native creamery
brick, 25c; ranch, 14 15c; dairy,
16c; Iowa fancy creamery, 23c.
Cheese Native Washington, 12
13c; Eastern cheese, 12c.
Eggs Fresh ranch, 14o; California
Moats Choice dressed beef steers,
8c; cows, 77)fcc; inuttou, 8,c; pork,
7c; veal, small, 8c. .
Poultry Chickens, live, por pound,
hens, 12c; dressed, 14c; turkeys,
live, 12c; dressed, 16c.
Fresh Fish Halibut, 67c; steel
heads, 78c;salmon trout, 12c; floun
ders and sole, 84o; torn cod, 4c; ling
ood, 45u; rook cod, Cc smelt, 8
5c; herring, 4c.
Olympia oysters, per sack, $3 8.60.
Corn Whole, $23; cracked, per ton,
$23; feed meal, $28 per ton.
Barley Rolled or ground, per ton,
$23; whole, $22.
Flour Patents, per barrel, $4.25
4.50; straights, $4.00 California
brands, $4.65; Dakota brands, $6.40
$5.75; buckwheat flour, $0.
Millstuffs Bran, por ton, $17; shorts,
per ton, $18 19.
' Feed Chopped feed, $1820 por
ton; middlings, per ton, $24; oil cake
meal, per ton, $35.
Hay Puget Sound, new, per ton,
$1214; Eastern Washington timothy,
$18; alfalfa, $12; straw, $7.
Wheat Feed wheat, per ton, $23.
Outs Choice, per ton, $23.
San Francisco Market.
Wool Nevada, 11 18c; Oregon, 12
1 4 o ; Southern coast lambs, 78u.
Hups 1217-o per pound.
Millstuffs Middlings, $2022.50;
California bran, $16.00 16.50 per ton.
Onions Silverskins, $2. 00 2.50 per
I'-KKS Storo.l 12o; ranch, 12,
Butter Fancy creamery, 18Jo; do
seconds, 17c; fancy dairy, 16,c; good
to choice, 15 10c per pound.
Cheese Fancy mild, new, Oojold,
9c per pound.
Fresh Fruit Apples, 40c $1.40 per
large box; grapes, 25 40c; Isabella,
6075o; peaches, 50c W$l; pears, 75o
$1 per box; plums, 2085c.
Potatoes Early Rose, 55 75c.
Citrus Fruit Oranges, navels, $1.25
2.5(); Mexican limes, $5.50;
California lemons, choice, $2.25; do
common, 50o(.1.00 per box.
THE OMAHA EXPOSITION.
Oregon Commission Asks for Moral sod.
To the Loyal Men and Women of Ore
gon:- . ; - -
The Oregon commission, consisting
of the following members: W. . 8.
Mason, J." E. Haseltintf, Henry E.
Dosch, J. F. Batchelder and K. D. Io
nian, of Portland; C. C. Beekman, of '
Jacksonville; .J... A. Wright, of Sparta;
G. Day, of Ollala; Phillip Metchar.
and E. P. McCornaok, of Salo-nH .
Miller and O. J. Olsen, of Grants
Pass; B. F. Alley, of Baker City, J.
O. llanthorn, of Astoria; E. J. Frasier,
of Eugene; W. E. Hurd, of Granite, and
O. N. Denny, of Corvallis, appointed
by Governor Lord, organized on the 9th
day of'Maroli, with W. S. Mason a
president, J. E. Haseltine as vice-presi
dent, Phillip Metsohan as treasurer.
Henry E. Dosch as superintendent and
J. F. Batohelder as secretary and the
undersigned exocutive committee.
The commission presents to the peo- '
pie of the state the following statement
The resources of Oregon are mani
fold. We have the finest of agricul
tural, fruit and grazing lands, while
our tire be forests, salmon fisheries and
blooded stock can not bo surpassed.
Besides this our mineral lands both in
Eastern nnd Western Oregon are richer
and broader in extent than in any of
the othsr Pacific coast states. Not
withstanding all this, the resouroes of
Oregon are not known to the outer
world as they should be.
For the purpose of advertising to the
world these resources, the above com
mission has been appointed to devise
ways and means to have our state
represented at the Trans-Mississippi
and International Exposition to be
held at Omaha from June 1st to No
vember 1st, 1898.
The exposition is primarily intended
to embraoe the industrial resouroes of
the states west of the Mississippi river,
but Eastern Btates, the British colonies,
Mexioo and Central and South Ameri
can republics win participate, ana
many Eastern governments will be rep
resented. The buildings and grounds
and the arrangements will make the
exposition in extent and completeness
second only to the World's Columbian
To the intelligent people of this
state it is unnecessary to make a de
tailed statement of the manifold ad- -vantages
to be derived from an exhibi
tion at Omaha of the various products
which go to make up the resources of
Oregon, as a means of attracting the
agriculturist, the stock and fruit
grower, the miner, the manufacturer
and the capitalist seeking investments
or a new field in which to follow their
avocation or invest their accumulated
Therefore we give briefly the plan
which the commission have adopted to
accomplish this end, which is as fol
lows: In the absence of a state appropria
tion for the purpose of making an Ore
gon exhibit at Omaha, the commission
must rely upon the voluntary contribu
tion of its publio spirited people. The
commission lias made a careful esti
mate of the cost of an exhibit, and find
that it can be carried successfully with
the sum of $20,000.
It is a foregone conclusion that the
legislature of 1899, with the business
sentiment of the state at its back, will
redeem these certificates kat their face
On this basis the commission will
at an early date solicit subscriptions
throughout the stato.
Ceitifioates signed by its officers will
be given for the amount subscribed, the
total issue of such certificates and the
expenditures thereunder not to exceed
the authorized amount of $20,000.
When the legislature makes an ap
propriation to reimburse the subscrib
ers, these certificates, properly en
dorsed, will be full evidence of suoh
subscription and will be paid upon
presentation from the funds at the dis
posal of the commission. '
The commission will publish on the
first of each month the names of sub
scribers and the amount of their sub
scription, and on the 81st of December,
1898, statement in detail of receipts
Mr. II. E. Dosch, our superintend
ent, is now in Omaha making his se
lection from the choice space that has
been reserved for the Oregon exhibit.
The commission present this apiieal
for moral and financial support to the
loyal people of the state,
W. 8. MASON,
J. E. HASELTINE,
H. E. DOSCH,
E. J. FKAS1ER,
3. V. BATCHELDER,
To Be Iloyentted.
Grocers who operate bars whore in
toxicating liquors are sold are to be
boycotted by the Catholic total absti
nence soioties of Chicago. A resolu
tion calling upon all friends of temper
ance to refuse to patronize groceries of
this kind was passed unanimously by
the county board of the federated or
ganizations of total abstainers.
' Near the Caspian bcu there are sev
eral "eternal fires," so called by the
natives, where natural gas isues from
the ground, and has been ou fire for
The Queen Regent' Charities.
Even if Spanish revenues are at a
low ebb the queen regent 'bus some
money to spare for charity, says an ex
change. She lias given to tho authori
ties i Barcelona $3,000 to help the
sufferers from the recent floods. A
number of women nf Barcelona who
were taking active interest in helping
the flood sufferers called on Cardinal
Sancha for a contribution. His emi
nence's treasury being exhausted, he
gave them his pectoral cross and arcbi
epiacopal rii to swell the fund.