Image provided by: Oregon City Public Library; Oregon City, OR
About Oregon City courier. (Oregon City, Or.) 1896-1898 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 31, 1897)
Weed Flavors In Milk.
The milk Is carefully examined when
received, and all that is the least affect
ed with the onion or weed flavor, Is set
aside by itself, and then run through a
separator, and its cream kept separate.
To tills cream Is added twice Its own
bulk of hot water. In which saltpetre,
In the proportion of one ounce to three
gallons of water, has been dissolved.
This raises the temperature of the mix
ed cream and water to about KiO de
grees, and it ,1s immediately put
through the separator again. The re
sult is a fine, thick cream, with uo trace
of weed flavor In It, and withal thor
oughly pasteurized, and the Hancock
test shows no loss of fat In the opera
tion. In order to ripen such cream for
churning, a starter Is needed. Pas
teurizing has been tried for the purpose
f eliminating bad flavors from cream
with partial, though not perfect, huc
ess. The same may be said In refer
ence to heating the milk and running it
through the separator at a temperature
of 155 degrees or 100 degrees. Washing
cream has also been tried, with the wat
er at the ordinary temperature of sep
arating, and this has very materially
reduced bad flavors. Hoard's Dairy
man. Substitute for a Smokehouse.
The Illustration, which is from the
American Agriculturist, shows a simple
plan for smoking a small quantity of
meat, without any
for a smokehouse.
The lower barrel
has a small door
through which to
In the Iron kettle
on the Inside. The
bottom of the box
I has holes In It
similar to those In
the top, the upper
raised to show
these. The front
of the box Is hing
ed to admit the
meat. The upper
barrel has neither
top nor buttom
and serves merely
as a chimney to
provide some little draft and to carry
off the smoke. Two small holtw in the
tower barrel admit air to feed the
1 Winter Squashes.
Squashes, unless ripened, will not
keep well. Sometimes they are left out
too long. After the frost has killed the
vines the squashes are exposed to the
eoid and to freezing and thawing. Such
quashes cannot keep well. Squashes
must also be carefully handled. If the
(hell Is bruised In getting them under
cover, they are sure to rot early. They
should be well ripened, gathered before
heavy frosts, well dried, kept In an
even temperature, and cureiully han
dled. A warm, damp cellar is a bad
place for storage. They should be kept
In a dry room, where temperature Is
fairly even and not piled In a heap, but
placed on open shelves. If there are
only a few they may be spread on the
floor. Sort them over and pick out the
oft-shelled and unripe ones to be used
A Real Snow Plow.
This Is not a wedge to push the snow
to one side, but a plow that raises and
delivers It above and upon the undis
turbed snow at the side. Such a plow
must have a strong frame, the bars
reaching out in front being not lens
than 3x15, and they must be tl ft long,
A REAL SNOW PLOW,
to reach back to the rear. Planks form
the runners and top. The light frame
above the top Is for the driver to sit
niwn. His feet he rests upon the bars
by which the plow la drawn. The front
edge, the incline and the top are
tinned to make the snow move up more
easily. The edge is of the same width
as the rear end, so there Is .10 blading
ko Uie snow. Farm and Fireside.
Large Potato Yield.
The largest potato yieJd on record
was produced In Northern Wyoming In
1800. According to sworn testimony,
H amounted to 074 bushels and forty
pounds per acre, of which KM bushels
were marketable. The expense of pro
duction was stated to have been $74.80.
Such a crop anywhere In the country
this year would have been pretty prof
itable. The average yield of potatoes
In the United States Is In ordinary
years about one hundred bushels to the
Lima Beans. .
The Introduction of the bush varie
ties of Lima beans was an lmiortant
matter to those who make a specialty
of lilma beans. The labor of cutting
poles and the extra labor of raring t r
Lb oole Llmas made the growing of
them a risk should dry weather occur.
At the West Virginia experiment sta
tion It has been found that bemus
grown in drills produced twice as much
as those grown in hills. As the bush
Limas may be planted with a seed drill,
In rows, and require no poles, they can
be grown more profitably than hereto
fore. There are also varieties of bush
Liinus that are as large as the pole
kinds, and they bring good prices In
market. These facts should be kept in
view for next year.
Apples In Paper.
A friend recently sent us a basket of
handsome apples, each specimen of
which was wrapped in strong manilla
paper. After tasting these apples, we
unwrapped a uumber to admire their
beautiful color, after which tbey were
forgotten for several weeks. Happen
ing to discover them later, we found
that those which had leen unwrapped
were partially decayed, while those
that were wrapped were In prime con
dition, having scarcely ripened at a.l,
and no decay appearing. Why do not
fruitgrowers wrap their apples and
pears in paper more frequently, to pre
serve them, not only for a few weeks
In the fall, but through the entire win
ter? Orange growers have found it
profitable to wrap every orange sent
out to the markets. It is not expensive
to wrap and pack away a Imrrel of ap
ples. It might cost 50 cents, but think
of the delight of opening such a barrel
next April, and finding them In splen
did condition Colman's Rural World.
Murketiun Heavy Oats.
There Is sometimes difficulty In find
ing a profitable market for grades of
oats that weigh much above the stand
ard, which Is thirty-two pounds per
bushel. In fact, most hostelries which
deliver oats by measure would prefer
to have the grain rather under than
above the standard. We once grew
some oats which weighed thirty-eight
pounds per measured bushel. But they
wre of a new variety, and worth much
more for seed than they conld be to
feed. In fact, there Is not much ad
vantage for feeding to have oats above
the standard weight. ' Part of the ad
vantage of the oats as feed Is its safety,
lis greater amount of chaff preventing
It from heating in the stomach as corn
or other heavier grain Is sure to do.
Iyimr, Plaster und Iron.
A Paris journal says that the dlsas
trous effects exerted by lime and plaster
on Iron should be kept In mind wheu
1 building. If Iron is plunged Into fresh
lv prepared limo rapid oxidation takes
I place. This soon reaches the heart of
the Iron, which in a short time under
gws a profound alteration In Its resist
i lug qualities. To this result must be
added the expansion caused by Increase
In volume of the mass. On the other
hand, cement seems to be an excellent
preservative against rust. Such a cov
ering is preferable to painting with red
Unique Scratching Shed.
Where snow Mies thickly upon the
ground for months it is almost impossi
ble to get the hens ont of doors, though
fresh air and sunshine are specially
notnled to promote whiter laying. The
Illustration shows a simple addition to
the southern side of the poultry house
that will give the fowls the advantage
of some hours each sunny day out of
doors without being Upon the snow.
Put leaves, sand and a little grain into
the bottom of these outside pens, and
the fowls will work busily In them for
hours. Such scratching sheds need not
bo large. They cost but a trifle and so
can be afforded by everyone. Orange
Keeping Milk from Odors.
One reason why much poor butter Is
mnde In the winter season Is because
the milk Is set In some room adjoining
the kitchen, where it Is subjected to all
the odors of the kitchen stove used In
cooking meats and vegetables. These
odors, with the heat from the stove, are
absorbed by the milk, and as the cream
has to be warmed so as to ripen, the
genus thus admitted have the best po
slble chance to Increase.
Ticks in Sheep.
Look out at this time of the year for
sheep that are nibbling their sides. It
Is a sure Indication of ticks, which
should be got rid of at once. A gener
al dipping this month would relieve the
flock, both lambs and sheep, of this
troublesome pest. Experience bus
shown that a fall dipping repays twice
over for the cost of It, In the better con
dition of the fleece at the next shear
ing time. American Cultivator.
There Is no better way to break a
horse of shying than to stop him and
gently lead or drive him up to the ob
ject of his fear each time, talking to
him pleasantly meanwhile. Whipping
and harshness only increase the difficul
ty. If persistent kindness be employ
ed the horse will soon control himself
under trying circumstances if spoken
to by bis driver iu an ordinary 1mm f
SCRATCHING SHKI) Foil HENS.
DAINTY CORNER OUTHT.
THE foundation for a very dainty
washstand and dresser, to be
used summer and winter, Is a cor
ner, some drapery and a set .of tin toilet
articles. The corner Is always obtainable
and the drapery can be purchased. If
you choose denim, cretonne or silko
line, for about 8 cents per yard. The
tin toilet sets come for 75 cents up
ward, to a very nice one for $1.50. The
beginning of this corner Is a triangle
DESIGN KOK WASHSl'ANU CO It N' Kit.
of wood put on as a shelf a foot above
the small mirror which you are going to
hang upon the wall.. Upon this shelf the
drapery Is attached and then caught up
here and there with ribbons, or, better
still, with bright tapes or pieces of the
The washstand Is set underneath the
shelf and In front of It Is a home-made
nig of burlaps which can be spattered
with water without becoming musty or
out of shape. This design is specially
recommended for rooms where there Is
no running water. Such rooms need a
washstand without requiring one that
looks too wooden.
The Queen of the City.
The Interest which Americans tako
In the wives of public men extends be
yond our own borders and euters the
public life of other
lands. We are al
ways ready to gaze
on the portraits of
royalty. Of almost
equal Interest is
the wife of the
Lord Mayor of
Loudon, for of all
Uie posltlous which
c I v 1 1 1 a im attain
this is the most ex
alted. Loudon has
recently Inaugurated a new Lord May
or, Horatio Kavies. His wife Is a
sweet, home-like body who has none
of the ambitions and follies of the
"new woman." She has no desire to
take a conspicuous place iu public, but
she will perform her social duties with
the grace and dignity of a queen. And
Iu a limited sense she Is a queen. Her
husband Is the head of a city which
Is In itself a kingdom, ond ho lives In
much the same pomp and splendor s
royalty. The "queen of the city" Is as
common a title for his wife as the "first
lady" Is for the wife of a President or
Women in Benefit Societies.
Quite ft number of the benefit soeitles
in England admit women to their mem
bership. Prominent among them Is the
Ancient Order of Foresters. On Join
ing memlieis are required to take an
oath not to divulge the secret signs of
the Foresters. All the female mem
hers have taken this oath and not one
hns ever lieen known to violate It.
Many of the better class of working
women and girls In Whltecliapel and
Llniehouse, Loudon, belong to the
Court Princess Alexandra, and take
an Intelligent interest In the working
of the society. The court provides Its
members with medical attendance nnd
temporary relief in times of distress,
Insures their lives and provides a week
ly allowance Iu times of Illness.
Hints for Thin Women.
It takes time to get fat, Just as It
takes time to grow thlu. The candi
date for added llesh should get all the
sleep possiblefrom nine to ten hours.
In addition, a nap In the middle of
the day will help. JVlille napping no
stays, tight shoes or bands must be
worn. If one cannot slwp one should
lie down In a darkened room at least
thirty minutes Instead. In the morn
ing a cold plunge, or, at least, a cold
sponge, must lie taken, dashing the
water on the shoulders, neck And collar-bone,
drying with a Turkish towel
and avoiding heavy clothing. A thin
woman should avoid cumbersome
wraps, heavyweight dress goods and
linings, according to a writer In the
Boston Transcript. She should not tire
herself bicycling and she should have
plenty of fresh air. Diet deserves a
consideration. A diet with au eye to
acquiring flesh should consist of liq
uids milk, water, but not coffee and
tea; not hot breads, plenty of butter
and cheese and good cocoa. The very
thin woman should have live meals a
day, should eat marmalade and plenty
of warm milk and cream. Indeed, If
warm milk Is drank before retiring it
Is in itself almost a sure cure. Above
all, eat slowly and never exercise un
til half an hour after meals.
No profession, no colling ever quite
exempts any woman from the trivial
cares and household needs which have
always fallen to her share, and the
smaller demands refuse to be neglect
ed for the sake of the greater. Be she
mistress of any or all the arts and
sciences, there are sundry feminine du
ties to which the matron must attend,
If it be only to delegate her authority or
to oversee the execution of her orders.
One recalls pleasantly Mrs. Soiner
ville's honest pride In her delicious jel
ly, and the serenity with which she
concealed the mathematical papers on
which she was busily working while
she hospitably welcomed tjie common
place people whose unexpected and
prosy visit consumed an entire day.
Sunday calllug has an etiquette of Its
own. It is not at all correct to pay
ceremonious visits on Jihat day and first
calls should never be made. Intimate
friends constantly call on Sunday,
when the hours are from 3 to 0. But
for a mere acquaintance to call on Sun
day would be nothing short of a liber
ty and would properly bo looked on
as such, unless he or she had been
specially Invited to do so.
Dress for a Public Dinner.
At dinner In the public dining-room
of a hotel well-dressed women wear
what they would at the theater pret
ty high-necked and long-sleeved bod
Ices and bonnets. Of course, a guest at
a private dinner In a hotel wouid wear
just what she would wear nt the pri
vate house of her hostess, as the din
ner Is certain to be served in a private
room, with the use of dreslnig-rooin
and the service of ladles' maids.
Honors for a Chicago Woman.
To carry off first honors In a photo
graphic contest In which 4,700 compet
ing pictures were entered Is not a small
triumph, but this Is what Mrs. 8. S. Be-
l man, of Chicago, has doue. Wheu the
Youth's Companion announced, early
In the year, a series of prises for the
best exhibits of amateur photographs,
MRS. S. 8. UK MAX.
Mrs. Bemnu entered the lists with
many misgivings, and the most disap
pointed competitor is not more nston
lshed than she at the result. The award
was made upon the excellence of the
fill I re Individual collection submitted
and not upon any single picture which
It contained. About thirteen photo
graphs were entered by Mrs. Kemau
and nearly all of them were In groups
Bnd figures taken within doors.
"All who have had the care of chll
dren during Illness know only too well
the difficulty of Inducing them to sub
mit quietly aud reasonably to treat
nient," says Jean Fletcher, In Baby
hood. "The difficulty hampers phys-
slclans nnd nurses, and Is no doubt
often an Important factor In the ter
uilnation of the disease. Nothing Is
more Important In the treatment of
children's diseases than promptness
If we linger with our remedies the dis
ease often gains fearful headway, as,
for example, In that most dreaded of
all scourges of child-life, diphtheria
Much valuable lime is often lost lie
cause of the difficulty experienced In
persuading the little patient to take
necessary remedies. A vast amount of
strength, too, Is often dissipated
strength which me nine suirerer so
greatly needs to enable It to fight
winning inline wiiu oisease, liecause
the child resists and argues and I
many cases, utterly refuses to submit
to treatment Uxm which may depend
not only the length but even the final
Issue of the conflict."
A relic hunter stole tho chair on
which I'rcsldeut McKlnley sat while
reviewing the Grand Army parade U
A I I
8ome people are never content with any
thing. They will not find exactly what
they want even in Heaven, if they know
some one is there ahead of them. For in
stance, some are great sufferers from neu
ralgia. Friends have told them what is
best una certain to core them, iiot content
with what is said, they suffer on. Vain
ravages and 'devastates the system, and
leaves it u barren waste. St. Jacobs Oil has
cured thousands, just try it.
John E. Redmond, M. P., the well-
known Irish leader, will sail for this
country on December 80. He is com
ing to America at the invitation of
prominent workers in the Irish oause
to speak on the rebellion of 1788, to
arouse the enthusiasm of Irish-Americans
in the pilgrimage to Ireland next
July to celebrate the rising.
WHALING 'LEET IN DANG Kit.
It Is predicted that the vessels of the whaling
fleet, most of whose underwriters are ill San
Franuisco, have been vaught ill the tee and
some ma- not last through the siege. Danger
also threatens those who neglect what are
called "trillion" ailmot ts, for they may not last
through the crisis, Reitortto Hustotter'i Stom
ach Bitters at once (or incipient rheumatism,
malaria, constipation, l.ervousness and kidney
In Japanese saws, the teeth point
toward the handle, and both saws and
planes out toward the workman.
AN OPEN LETTER TO MOTHERS.
We are asserting in the courts our right to the
exclusive use ot the word "CASTUllIA," and
"mXHHK'SCASTORIA," as our Trade Mark.
I, Dr. Samuel Pitcher, of Hyannis, Massachusetts,
was theorici tia tor of " 1'ITCIIER'S CAS rORIA,"
the same that has burne and does now bear the
lac-simile signature of CHAS. II. FLETCJ'.KR ou
every wrapper. This is the original " PITCH1JR'8
CASTORIA" which has been used In the homes
of the mothers of America for over thirty yeara.
Look Carefully at the wronper and see that it is
the kind you have always bought, aud has the
signature of CHAS. H. FLETCHER on the
wrapper. No one lias authority from me to use
my name except The Centaur Company of which
Cha9. H. Fletcher is President.
March g, i89j. SAMUEL PITCHER, M.D.
Three drops of a blaok oat's blood is
a sovereign cure for croup in the lolk
lore of some peoplo.
After belnu swindled by all others, send us stamp
ir imrtlGiilurs of Kllitf Solumoit's Treasure, the
Nl.Y renewer of inanly strength. MASON
1IKMICAL 10., V- O. Box 747, ruuaualptiut, fa.
I'iso's Cure for Consumption is the best
of all eouuh cures. Oeoncs W. Lotz, Fahu-
cher. La., August 20, 1896,
Try Schilling's Best tea and baking powdar.
The oldest married couple in the
United States are Mr. and Mrs. Joseph
Manuel of Cape Porpoise, Mass. .She
s 98 and he is 101 years of age, and
they have been married 77 years.
Money back if
you don't like
Tea and money
at your grocers.
A Schilling & Co San Francisco
IBO FRONT 5T
Is it W'roni;?
Get it Right.
Keco it Night.
Mnorr's ItrvcMlHil It dnod y will do it. Three
doses will make you feel better; (let it from
your druggist or any wholesale drug house, or
from Stewart & Holmes ilrng Co., Seattle.
A Gait-Load of Gold
If you dnmped a
cart-load of gold at my
feet ft would not brlnic
such Joy and gladness
Intomyllfo." So write
a prominent man after
using tha method of
aelf-treatment that has
restored o manf men
who had been wrecked
by excesaea, over-worlc
or evil habit of youth.
A little book that
makes ft all plain may be had without charge
by writing THE ERIE MEDICAL CO.,
; Niagara St., BuHala, K. Y.
No C. O. D. schema t no patent medlclnas
Just tha book under plain letter teal.
11 L.. -J .
Clarke & Co.
fir tracing and locating field or Sllrsr
p Kml or burled treasures, SI. I..
W L E K, llux U7, Hout hinsion, Conn.
bUHU ttnlnt ALL tUt (AlLS,
I ..ugh Srrup. Tastna Good.
una aoiu or anigmiMA.
URATE SPIRITS BROKEN.
How often women wake tip In the
morning cheerful and happy, deter
mined, to do so much before the day
ends, and yet :
Beforo tho mor
is very old, the
the bravo spirit
sinks buck iu
affright; no "
hard she strujf
upon her, she
falls upon the
should I suffer
can I do?"
rinlcham's "Vegetable Compound
will stop tho torture and restore cour
age. All such pains come from a de
ranged uterus. Trouble in the womb
blots out the light of the sun at mid
day to a vast number of women. You
should procurn Mrs. Pinkham's Com
pound at onco and obtain relief.
Mrs. F. M. Knapp, 503 WentwortU
Ave, Illlwaukee, Wis., says: " I Buf
fered with congestion of the ovaries
and inflammation of the womb. Lydia
. 13. rinlihara's Vegetable Compound
cured me as it will others.'
Travelers in Sweden report that the
street ours in that country seldom slop
for pussengers. Both men and women
jump on and off while they are moving,
and aociiientB are scarcely ever heard
DEAFNESS CANNOT UK CIIREI
Bv local applications as they cannot reach ths
diseased portion of the cur. There is only one
way to cure deafness, and tlmt Is by constitu
tional remedies. Deafness is cauR1! by an lii
tlamed condition of the mucous lining of the
Eusiaohian Tuot. SV lien this tube Is Inflamed
von have a rumbling Minnd or imperfect hear
ing, and when it Is entirely closed, deafness is
the result, and unless the lntlammatlnn can ha
taken out and this tube restored to Its normal
condition, hearing will he destroyed foreverj
nine eases out of urn are caused by Catarrh,
which is nothing but an iullauied condition of
the mucous surinc.ca.
We will itlve One Hundred Dollars for anf
ease of deafness, (caused by catarrh) that can not
be cured by Hall's Catarrh (hire. Bund for cir
?. .T. CHUNKY lt CO., Toledo, O.
Sold bv druggists, 7f.
Hall's Family fills are the beat.
Authorities of the Khmhs university
dismissed all the natural history classes
on citrous tiav recently to enable uie
students to study the animals.
HOMK I'ltOIHIC l'S A NO IM1K1C VOOIt.
AU Kasieri) Syrup, so-called, usually verf
light colored ami ui heavy body, is made from
glucose. "Tm htmha tuttm" la made from
Sugar Cane aud is striutly pure. It 1 for sale
bv lirsl-olahs croc.WH, in cans niily. Manufac
tured bv the I'iiimc Coast StiitirCo. All gen
nine "Tm imlm lirmi" have the manuiac
turer'i name lithographed ou every nan.
O. E. Green of Efflnghnm, Kans.,
has the Continents'! currency his great-grand-fathor
received for his services
in the Revolution.
J. UL.- -I ... - - - -
BflOKEfl DOWH PH
Men Who Have Wasted the Vital
Power of Youth Who Lack
Vigor Can Be Cured by
It ts msde especially to restore vital strength
to men. sparks of life come from it to tha
SANDEN ELECTRIC BELT CO.
In buying -) ".nnmr la
of cultivation hw on Inferior vet)
alwayi larcely xcfri tha original
coat of tli boat and deartat ace In to
bt hart. Tbn boat la alwaya tha
cheapest. Pay a tritla mor for
and ahiwiyi get your monny't worth.
jriva cmna (Mr per awrywuera.
Aiwuya m itar. seen annual irea.
D.M.FERRY A CO. . Dstrott, Mich.
EVERYTHINQ FOR THU
U'c lend and ori"lnutc
Second and Stark Sts.
Make money by mccesftil
ieculatlon Iu Chicago. Ma
buy and sell wheati.il mar
ulii. fortunes have been
mad on a small beginning by trading In In
line. W rile for lull i.arUcillars. Ilesl of ref
erence given. Several years' experteucenn Umb
ChK'KKo llosrd of Trade, aud a thorough know
ledge of the business, Send for our free refer
ence book. tiOWNINIi, Hol'KINH A Co.,
Chicago Hoard of Trade Mrokers. O (Ileus la
Portland, Oregon and Seattle, Wash.
r"7 CHILDREN TEETHING." Tj
Vat. Wimuiw's sooiijiso tti kit miuuiu always ha J
P Iwd for children teething-. It oolhi llt clillii, t S
p ens lie. turns, shnrnal! im. oarea win"! enlle.iuis la f
a (lis heat ptmnvlv inr (liarrnom. iwwiixura mum
fivs eauta a
1 ftnttla. It ta tha heat of i
WHOM writing to advartisars,
nauttoa this papar.
l'U vrflM I I'll