NORTHWEST BREVITIES Evidence of Steady Growth and Enterprise. ITEMS OP GENERAL INTEREST from All the Cltlei ami Towns of the Thriving Slater Duiil Oregon. A noinber of hogs were lold last (reek in Milton for 2 cents per pound. William Frazier It in Eastern Oregon baying hornet to be nsed in the United States oavalry. ' The ooaiity judge of Joiephine oouu ty was fined recently $100 for baying a small piece of Josephine ooonty scrip. The John Day flouring mill, in Grant ooonty, ia running sixteen hours a day, and is grinding 400 bushels of wheat a day. Lee Mitchell, of Grant's Pas, re oeived a painful wound from a salmon bite on ti:e leg below tne knee, while fUbing last week. Two Albany boys have shipped into the naval servioe, and are off on a three-years' oruise on a man-of-war out of San Franoisoo. As the cannery at Marshfleld was overstocked, the tug Triumph took 3,000 salmon from that plaoe to the Coquille cannery hut week. The new quarts mill machinery has . all been put on the ground at the Black Butte mine, with the exception of small wheel, weighing 4,500 pounds. The salmon oannery at Alsea bay is making a fine pack, and nearly 10,000 oases will be put up if there is no abate ment in the run before the season closes. Most of the farmers of Powder valley have about finished the fall round-up of oattle and have now in pasture a fine-looking lot of beef , steers and fat 0OW8. A movement is on foot among lovers of musio in Long Creek, Grant oounty, to organize a band. A subscription paper for that purpose is being circu lated. City Marshal Logan, of Weston, in sists that boys nnder IS years of age must keep off the streets after 7 o'olock in the evening, and warns parents that he intends to enforce the curfew ordin ance. There passed through Athena last week a family that proposes making an entire trip to Florida by team. They make their expenses of the trip by giv ing musical performances, the entire family being musicians. The semi-annual report of the oounty clerk of Josephine oounty shows that there were, on September 80, outstand ing unpaid county warrants to the amount of IK4.504.87. the estimated interest on which is $7,000. A number of the country papers are fully alive to their own interests in the present gratifying wheat situation. JSncli notices as this are being run: "D.in't neglect to settle that little sub scription account when yon sell your wheat" There are in the office of the treas urer of Benton oounty funds amount ing to $2, 824, with whioh old outstand ing warrant otiuld be paid were thoy printed for redemption. Some of these warrants were issued as far back us April, 1887. tVa-lilnulau. A dredger will begin work on Olyni pin harbor next mouth. Tne school tax of the oity of Spokane for next year amounts to $H5,000. William Hopkins has extablisheJ a broom-handle factory iu Burlington. Blanche Bennet, a typewriter, was pot in 1ail in Spokane Saturday, charged with Bmoking opium. She was found in Lee Jim's "joint," stupi tied by the drug. The superintendent of schools in Whatcom oonuty is strongly advising teachers to observe Admission day this year. Washington was sdmitted as a state November 11, 1889. The commissioners' of Kings oounty have fixed the tax levy for 1896 at 15 85 mills on all property within the limits of Seattle. The rate on all property in the county outside of cities, and not included in sohool dis trict specials, is 13 mills. The mills for making oatmeal and flour in Taooma and Seattle are run ning night and day, and yet are behind in their orders. The demand for flour from the Orient has been simply phe nomenal, and the rolled-oat trade can not be supplied by the present mills. Bishop Cranston and a committee of thirteen Methodist ministers have com pleted a thorough investigation of the affairs of the Puget sound university, resulting in an unanimous approval and indorsement of the methods and management of the college in all its departments. Tbe Northern Pacifio will construct a big stone wall extending over 1,000 ' feet along tbe bank on the west side of tbe wharves in Tacoma. The wall will be of solid masonry, and will be thirty feet high and four and one-half feet wide. It will be placed on a solid rock or hardpan foundation. Tbe board of county commissioners of Stephens county baa granted a license to J. H. Saville to conduct a, steel cable ferry at China bend, a point on tbe Spokane Falls & Northern rail way about balf way between Marcus . and North port. About 3,000 feet of cable will be employed to span the Co lumbia river at thU point, and the in ducement for putting in ferry ia the accessibility of the Flat creek and ad jacent mines on the Indian reservation aide. WEYLER'S LATEST ORDER. One Hon Ha Will Try to Starve the InaurgenU. Havana, Oot 20. Captain General Weyler has issued a proclamation con taining tbe following provisions: First All of tbe inhabitants of the oouutry or outside tbe lines of fortifica tions of the towns must betake them selves to the towns occupied by troops within a period of .eight days. Those who are found outside the towns after the expiration of that period will be considered rebels and will be taken and tried as such. Heoond The witbdrawlof groceries from towns is absolutely prohibited, and also the transportation of them by sea or land, without permit from the military authorities, violators of this provision to be tried and punished as aiders of tbe rebels. Third Proprietors of oattle must csrry them to towns or make applica tion immediatelv for protection. Fourth Eight days after the publi cation of this proclamation, all rebeli surrendering in every municipality will be subject to the csptain-general'i disposal to order them where to reside, and it will be a oommendation in theii favor for them to give available newi about tbe enemy and to surrender with their firearms; and, moreover, to sur render collectively in their organiza tions. Fifth The proclamation is only enforceable in the provinoe of Pinar del Bio. The insurgents during the past twe weeks have been continuing the work of devastation, particularly in tbe prov inoe of Matanzas, where tbey have re duced to ashes eight tobaooo and sugai plantations, together with many farm houses and huts of laborers, the total value being about $3,000,000. Hun dreds of families are rendered homeless GOLD FROM AUSTRALIA. Twe and a Half Milllonn Arrived on the Mouowal. San Francisoo, Oct. 36. The steamei Monowai, whioh arrived from Australia today, baa on board about $3,500,000 worth of English sovereigns, consigned to Assistant United States Treasure! Berry, to be melted down and milled into doable eagles here and stored away in the subtreasory. About a month ago a shipment val ued at $1,500,000 was received here from Australia, and at that time Assist ant Treasurer Berry was authorized by tbe treasury department at Washington to reoeive the coin at bullion value for storage in the subtreasury and to aooept additional shipments to the amount of $6,000,000. Soon afterward dispatches ftnnounoed that the second shipment from Australia, amounting to $2,500,. 000 bullion value, had started on its way from Australia. ' Tbe treasure will be taken to the mint where the gold will be tested for weight and fineness and afterwards either ooined into $30 pieces or stored in tbe subtreasury as bullion. The gold thus shipped from Australia is plaoed to the credit of merchants who are buying in New York and Europe to make up the balance of trade, which is naturally in favor of New York at this eoason. A dozen years ago this plan was devised by Hugh Craig and others, and by it the annual saving in tbe exohange between here and New York amounts to a large sum. The next shipment, whioh will arrive before the first of the year, will proba bly be larger than either of the two preceding. INFORMATION SUFFICIENT. Conviction of '. O. llownlng of Em beixlflinent Sustained, Olympia. Wash., Oof. 26 The su preme court today affirmed tbe lower court's judgment in the case of State of Washington, respondent, vs. C. O. Downing, appellant. This was a case wherein the appellant, as clerk of Spo kane county, was convioted of em bezzlement. Counsel for Downing urged that the information was in sufficient to charge an offense, under the act of 1893, making it embezzle ment for any county officer to whom a salary is paid to fail to pay to the ooun ty treasurer all sums that shall oome into his bands for fees and charges in his office; also that the information did not nharge an offense under section 57, of th j penal code. The supreme oourt h jld contrary to this contention in the i.ase of the State vs. Isensee, the defaulting oity treasurer of New What oom, and concludes upon the authority of that case, that no error was commit ted in tbe lower court in overruling the demurrer in this case. Tbe excep tions taken by the appellant to oertain charges of the lower court are held by the supreme court to be untenable. A Klondj Japanese Duel. , Sah Francisco, Oot. 26. Kata Nish amto and Harry Nismato, Japanese, and cousins, fought a bloody duel to day at their boarding-bouse. As a re sult, both are at the receiving hospital, Kata with one side of his head sliced off and bis left cheek amputated and bis left arm almost severed from his body. Harry got off better, but his bodv is covered with wounds and gashes. Tbe row began over the pay- j ment of a debt, and Harry used a big , butcher-knife, while Kata wielded a Japanese naval sword. Both fainted from loss of blood, but they may re cover. ! More Armenian! ArrlTe. I New York, Oct 26 There were 180 Armenian steerage passengers on tbe j California, which arrived tbis after- j soon from Hamburg and Havre. They j were shipped in Havre and are booked j for various destinations. The captain states all have some mesns, and some have as much a $50. He does not ; anticipate any difficulty about landing : them as they are not likely to become j public charges. There are only a few i women and children among them. I Cargo Took firm at Sea. New York, Ot 2K. The BrilUh steamer Worsley Hall put into this port tbis morning with her cargo on fire. She left New Orleaus for Havre, Octo ber 16. On October 23, 660 miles east by south of Sandy Hook, during a southerly gale, smoks was found issu ing from the ventilators under tbe bridge. An e xamiuatlon showed that tbe cotton stowed forward in tbe now, which constituted the major portion of the cargo, was on fire. Tbe ship was pot before tbe wind to lessen tbe draught and tbe batch lifted. The smoke was almost overpowering, but the sailors managed to hoist out twenty bales of cotton and pile them up on tbe deck. Tbe ship was rolling with a heavy orosa sea. Soon a huge wave broke over tbe steamer and washed the bales overboard. CroMeit the Trocha. Key West, Oot. 28. Well-informed passengers who arrived from Havana last night oonflrm advioes received by mail that Maceo has crossed tbe trocha at Artemisa and joined other insurgent foroes in Havana provinoe. They de clared that tbe report circulated by Maceo of bis encampment at Caoara jaoara and a contemplated attaok on that town wai merely a feint of the rebel leader to conoentrate the Spanish troops at that point. ' That the ruse was successful is proved by the fact that General Gonzales Muniz, with large forces, was sent in that direction to attack Maoeo, but upon their arrival at Cararajacara tbe Spaniards found uothing but a deserted camp. I'reveuteri a Paulo. Chioago, Oct 27. By rare presenoe of mind, Rev. Dr. James Vila Blake prevented a panio and the possible aw ful results of a fire, whioh broke out just as the morning servioe was begin ning at the Third Unitarian oburoh to day, and whioh destroyed the main part of the building. When the pastor took his place in the pulpit, bis atten tion was drawn to smoke in the lobby leading to the Sunday sohool room. He remained standing until the organ ist had ceased playing, and then re quested tbe congregation to retire quietly by the rear exits. His manner so reassured those assembled that a panio was averted. The church was entirely destroyed. The loss is $25,000. , . Large Quantity ot Lumber Burned. 8aginaw, Mioh.. Oot 27. Fire broke out early this evening in the lumber pile and on the mill plant premises of tbe Center Lumber Com pany, at Zilwaukee, six miles down the river. It spread into a very large conflagration, whioh destroyed about 8,000,000 feet of lumber. The saw mill and salt works were in immient danger, but were saved, and only tmall buildings were burned. The fire departments of Saginaw and Bay City assisted in fighting tbe flames. The loss will approach $150,000, and is un derstood to be fairly covered by iusur anoe. Hoy Mutderera. Cornish, Me., Oof. 27. On October 6 Mrs. Betsy R. Hobbs was found dead. She lived alone about one and a half miles from Effingham, N. H. When found the house was burning, and her body was half cremated. The mystery was oleared yesterday by the confession of Charles Savage. He aoouses Frank J. Palmer of the murder. A coroner's jury has brought in a verdict against Palmer of murder in tbe first degree. Savage was held as a witness. Palmer is 16 years old, and lives at West Par sonficld. Savage is 20 years of age. At the inquest Savage unflinchingly withstood balf an hour's cross-examination, but at last tbe coroner discovered weakness, and he persistently qnes tioued bini till ho finally sucoumbed and related a tale implicating himself and Frank Palmer in the murder and attempted oremation of Mrs. Hobbs. He and Palmer, he said, had been drinking together the day before the tragedy. Monday morning Savage took his shotgun to go shooting. They called at Mrs. Hobbs'. Savage left Palmer in the hous6 while he went to the woodshed on an errand. While there he beard tbe report of a gun and soon after found Mrs. Hobbs bleeding upon the doorstep. Palmer soon ap peared, and with an oath deolared that now he had squared the grudge he owed her for pulling $3 out of him in payment for the glass be broke in ber house three years ago. Palmer asked Savage to help him carry tbe body in the bouse. He says be was so fright ened he did not realize what he was do ing, but they got the body into the bouse. Savage then took to the woods, being shortly overtaken by Palmer, who delcared that nobody would ever know what had happened, for he bad set fire to tbe bouse. AraKo't Victims Waahed Anhore. Marshfleld, Or., Oot. 27. Early this morning the life-saving patrol found on the ocean beaoh the remains of three unfortunate victims of tbe wreck of tbe ill-fated steamer Arago. They were brought to Empire City, and a coro ner's inquest held. The names of the unfortunates are: Patience and Speck, steerage passengers, snd Sanders, sea man. The three were buried at Em pire City this afternoon. Tbe Arago is still in the same position. An etenr fiou from nere today reports the bar very smooth, snd it is probable that what treasure is in tbe steamer will be recovered by divers. Mozambique, Oct 27. Major Albu querque, governor-general, with 800 Portuguese snd 100 native troops, re cently went to Msnicaland. While in bivouac at Magenla, be was attacked by 200 Massiaralloa. Tbe Portuguese made a gallant defense, snd kept tbe natives at bay for twenty-two hours, bat were finally forced to retreat, ow ing to lack of water. Two Portuguese were killed, and twenty-three wound ed, including the governor-generaL Th enemv's loss was heavy. PORTLAND MARKETS. Produce Market. Fiiua Portland, Salem, Cascsdia and Dayton, H.O0; Kenton county and White Lily, -l.u0; graluiiu, 13.26; su per tine, 2 60 H-r barrel. Wimvi Walla Walla, 74(g75c; Val ley, 77i 78o per bushel. U.tth Cliuice wliiie, 33(g34c per bush el; choice giay, 81(32e. liolleil oats are quoted as follows: Bags, 14.260 6.25 ; barrela, 4.5U(n7 ; casus, S3.76. Hat liinouiy. H0.6U rwr ton; cheat, 1(1(97.50:. -lover, .50tg7.50; oat, $7.60; wheat 7.50 Bablst Feed barley, $10.00 per ton; brewing, $14(310. MiLUtTurrs Bran. 113.00; shorts, $14 60; middlings, 123.00; rye, UOo per cental. BcrrsB Fancv creamery is quoted at 40.:; fancy dairy, 30c; fair to good, i0((t22Xc. Potatoes. California, 65c; Oregon, 40 1 a 60c per rack ; sweets, 2c per pound. Onions 06c per cwt Pooltky Chickens, mixed. $2 260 2.60. boilers, tl.OOg 175; geese. 10.00 ; turkeys, live, 11c; ducks, 12.60(33.50 per dozen. Eons Oregon, 22'Js per dozen. Cueksx Oregon, 10c; California 8c; Young America, 11c per pound. Ykuktaiii.ks baruc, new, 7c per pouud; cabbage, lo per pound; toma toes, 20c per box; string beans, 2 3u per pound ; wax beans, 2)v6$3o per pound; cucumbers, 16(2oc per box; run plant, $1.60 per crate; corn, 10 12,'uo per dozen; summer squash, 26c per oox ; green peppers, $1 per box. ' 'Ihoi'icai. t huh Uaiuoruia lemons, fancy, are quoted at $3. 60i 4.60 per box; bananas, S2.60 per bunch ; Valencia late oranges, i4.5U(u5.00; pineapples, $3.00 (o 4.00 per dozen. r-nnhii Km ir California apples, 11.00 (t 1.50; Oregon, $1 per box ; crab apples, 06c; pears, 76(s6e; prune, 2,'.jC per pound ; f-aluw ay peaches, hO(t75c ; Snuue river ami liuliuo Ueil, sue per uox; wa termelons, Kogue river, $1.00 per dozen ; Caliiormu, 1 2b per uozeu ; lanteloupes, Oregon, Ouciw 1 per crute; quinces, $i; grapes, 40u80u per crate; Hungarian plums, Owe per box ; egg, 1 '-c per pound ; Kaslui n Concord grapes, !!uc per basket. JJiiiKD 1-nun's Apples, evaporated, bleached, 4( 4c ; unbleached, 3,' (S4c ; sun-dried, sacks or boxes, 4(t5c; pears, sun and evaporated, 6(u.Uc; prunes, 3w5c per pound; tigs. 10c per pound. Wooj Vallev. I)c, per pound; East ern Oregon, 6g7c. Hoi's New crop, 7,HJe; old, 2c. Nurs Peanuts, Oyjcper pound for raw, 10c lor roasted; cocoanu s, D0c per dozen; waliuts, 12Hc; pine nuts, 153; hickory nuts, t(il0c; chestnuts, 17c; Brazil, 12c; pecans, large, 14c; Jumbo, 10c; filberts, 12c; fancy, large, 14c; hard-shell, 8c; paper-shell, lu 12,0. Provisions Portland pack : Smoked hams are quoted at lU(10jvC per lb; picnic hams, 7c; boneless hams, 7'c; breakfast bacon, 10c; bacon, 0c; dry suit sides, (ic; lard, 5-pound pails, 7c; 10s. 0j8c; 60s, bW; tierces, 7o per poiiuu. Hides Dry hides, No. 1, 10 pounds and upward, IMlOe per pound; dry kip, No. 1, 5 to 10 pounds, 7c per pound; dry ca'f, No. 1, under 6 pounds, lie 13c; dry salted, one-third lees than dry flint. Salted hides, sound steers, 00 pounds, and over. 6c: do, 50 to 60 pounds, 6c-; do, under 60 pounds and cows, 3H4c; do, kip, sound steers, 15 to 30 pounds, 4c; do, veal, 10 to 14 pounds, 5c; do, calf, under 10 pounds, 6ift(!c; green (un salted', lc per pound less; culls (bulls, stags, uiotli-eaien, badly cut, scored, hair slipped, weather-beaten or grubby) one-third less. Bkkkwax 20022 per pound. Tallow Prime, per pound, 23c; No. 2 and grease, 2(g2c. Merchandise Market. Salmon Columbia, river No. 1. tails, $1.261.U0; No. 2. talis. $2.252.U0; fancy, Mo. 1, fiats, $1.751.85; Alaska, No. 1, tails, $1.201.30 ; No. 2, tails, $1.90 2.25. Cokoaos Manilla rope, lVZ-inch, is ouoted at 8c; White eiBal, hard twisted : Kope, lA-4-iri. cir. and upward, 04c; rope, 12-th read, bc. Scoab Uolden 0, 4c ; extra C, 4c ; dry granulated, 6c ; cube crushed and powdered, 6c per pound; c per pound discount on all grades ior prompt cash ; half ' barrels, iac more than barrels ; maple sugar. 15(416c per pound. Cot-FKK Mocha, 27(?31c per pound; Java, lancy, 2Ks21tc; Costa Kica, 20(4 23Mc; Caracal, 22'u((C5c; Salvador, 19 (322o; Arbiickle, 1X.15; Lion, $18.15; Columbia, $18.15 per case. Kite Island, 410 5 Japan, 6c; JNew Orleans, 4("4c. Coal Oil Cases, 10c; barrels, 176c; tanks, 15!sc per gallon. Whsat Baos Calcutta, $4.254.37 for July and August deliveries. Meat Market. Bskf Gross, top steers, $2.25; cows, $1.762.00; dressed beef, 34ic per pound. Mutton Gross, best sheep, wethers. $1.76; ewes, $1.60; dressed mutton, 3jgC per pound. Viai Net, small, 636)40; large, 4c per pound. Hoos Gross, choice, heavy, $3.00(3 3.26; light snd feeders, $2.60; dressed, $).E03.76 per cwt SAN FRANCISCO MARKETS. Potatoss Garnet Chile, 40(3 (50c; Salinas liurbanks, 60(it05o; i-arly Kone, 25(ft3Ue; Kiver BurbankB, 26(o36c; sweets, 76cCi.1.25 per cental. onions 2(j30c per hack for yellow, 25c for pickle. kMit tto'e, 20:0 :; ranch, 28,Kic; Jucks, 2k ptr dizeu. OBSksa fancy, mild, new, 010c; fiir to good, 7l2'.a8c; l'otmir Atneuc. U10i; Eastern. i2idi3 ' per pound. Wool an Joaijuiu ami Southern roast, poor, 4'3l5; do good,' 4 (Stic; r-an Joaquin foothill, good to choice, 7)sc; do year's lleece, 4'i5,,1!c; ievala, heavy, 6u7c; do. cnoice, 8 a,'-,c; North ern, choice, lOcallc per pound. .Hay Wheat, $8 00U: wheat and oat, i'ralO; oat, 6s9 barley, 6.00r4 8 00; aifalla, first crop, do second crop, 15.60(36.60 ; clover, $8; stock, $4.605 50; per ton. Vegetables Bay tomatoes, 102Oc; bay encumbers, 2535c per box; pick ls. rwflt. 1'jC per pound; bay squash, 20ft25c; egg; plant, 2o(340c; Alameda corn, $1 ; Berkley, do, 60( GOc per crate: green peppers, 25ff50c; green okra, 40'. 75c per box: Lima lieans, 60fg75c: string bens, $1 per sack; garlic, l2c per pound. 4 ' A Convenient .Hutcher'e Device. The Illustration,; taken from Farm and Home, represents an apparatus which make the skinning and dressing of beef on the farm a comparatively easy matter. In the crotch or fork of a good-slssed tree place oue end of a stout pole. Itest the other end on a fork formed by fastening together two 4x4 Inch scantlings or other similar tim bers by means of n rope or stay chnln and spreading apart "at the bottom. To ! the pole or cross piece attacu two i strong rope long enough to reach the ground. Tie to the ends of these rows a 3x3 Inch onk or other hard wood .scnntllug 4 foot long with two pins Iu- I ....1 I,. Al,l,nH .,,,.1 ut .lrht nflirlMl tn Bt-lieJ lit Uliui-I viiu mv ,.- ....e.. each other. About 8 Inches rrom eacn Pinl of this smiaie timber round off a space about 3 Inches long on which place two Iron rings. To the rings at tach Iron hooks or stay chnins. Atter the animal Is killed and hind legs are skinned. Insert the hooks In the large teudou above the hock joiuu Two men. nnn at each end of tile gam- brel. can easily lift the carcass either raisins' it off the ground at once or a short distance nt a time. It can be se cured at iinv helcht bv means of a rope. A. which Is arranged with a series of loops. These are slipped over tne turning pins or bundles and thus pre- veut unwinding. As the skinning pro ceeds the men will have to stand on bar rels or some other elevation to enable them to swing the cnrc.TW clear of the ground. This nppnratus can be used for lifting hogs, sheep, etc., ,but need not be made so strong or tall. The whole thing Is entirely honie-inade and easily constructed. If no tree Is con venient to support one end of the polo, a post can be set In Its place or three rails, fastened near the top and set up like a tripod, will do very well. "Top-l'ollnB" a Ftone Wall. In many sections of the country stone walls ure the foundation of pasture fences. These must be "top -poled" to keep in sheep and in many fuses cut tle. Animals will dislodge poles laid In the angle formed by two stakes. A good plan, that saves stakes olso. Is shown Iu the diagram, a cross-section being given. Oue stake Is driven firmly Into the ground nnd bound to an upper stone by wire. The pole Is bound also to the stake by stout fence wire, mak ing a fence that cannot be displaced, and one requiring only half the usual number of stakes. ' Farmers should A "TOP-POI.Kn" WALL. niiike greater use of stout wire In build ing and repairing fences. Proper Divleion nf Cropn, Kvery yenr some article of farm pro duce brings a fair price, and nine times out of ten It Is the product that for one. two or three previous yenr has Im-cii unduly depressed. We do not know that farmers are any more sheep-like In their efforts to all move together than are tbme engaged In other kinds of liuxliieHx. It Is the universal complaint of business men of all kinds that when ever anything Is found to pay heavily. no many go into Its manufacture that the market Is oversupplled. The ad vantage the fanner has over other peo ple Is that with ordinary good manage ment bis farm will make bis living, and he can do something aside from farming If he Is enterprising ."nd In telligent to make his entire business profitable aa a whole. c Weete of Corn ftalke. While It Is not true that corn stalks exposed to rains will decay like clover hay, there Is altogether too much Ios ' BUTC1IERIXO MADS EASY. .At Mil L-i ' ft In It, If not secured In time, for any farmer to afford. Green stalks dried without rainfall retain their fresh color Inside where not exposed to the ml But the fading of the outside of the stock does not affect Its nutritive value or Its palatablcuess. We hove many tlmea fed cows and . watched them while they were eating. While tbey. would select the stalks that had been. slightly softened by heating, there was no apparent preference for those tbat had retained their green color over those that sunlight had blenched. But where rain had washed the outside of the stock, and had not reached the In side, the cose is doubtless very differ ent. Bain cannot fnll on any partly dried vegetable matter without carry Ing off some of Its nutrition. Handv Farm Curt. This cart can be made from material already on the farm. The body Is tbe ordinary tw8-wheeled cart body. In CONVENIENT FARM CART. place of the straight axle a blacksmith has made a "drop" with the necessary fittings for attaching to the front axle. On this front axle a mowing sent Is fitted. Such a cart cannot be dumped, but for nearly all farm operation t will be found a great labor saver. Poultry Point. Systematic; regular work counts. A "stunted" fowl better be killed at once: They are useless. Drain the poultry-yard; this applies to the baru-yard also. Have any of our renders tried a poul try house with a glass roof? Feed but one kind of grain at a time, and cover It up with light litter. If living, near a market, try turkeys. Ducks are also profitable. Both nesting and dusting material should be renewed nt least monthly. Keep fresh water continually before the fowls, warmed a trifle on the colder mornings. ' Corn Is probably the best cold-weather food. Feed the kitchen scraps in the morning In a clean place. ' 4P" Select the best layers for breeding stock, keeping size and color of plum age as uniform as possible, ( A cat or dog has no place In the hen house or yards. Bats and mice should likewise be treated as Intruders. Shut them out. V Thoroughbred poultry pay best. Se lect your breed, basing judgment npon their characteristics and surroundings, and then keep them pure; Introduce) new blood every other year. A Handy Feeding Arrangement, ' When bens are fed In open dishes, they will persist In getting Into their 1'OCI.TRY FEEtlER. food, soiling It unci themselves. A han dy und cleanly feeding arrangement Is shown In the sketch.' A board, with a rim In front, Is milled to the wall, six Inches from the floor, and to this is hinged a slat-work arrangement that permits the fowls to feed through It, but will not let them get Into the food. It opens out from the top when one Is putting food upon the board, and re mains closed when shut. The Dairy. A good dairy cow Is a good eater and drinker. A trotting match between the cows and the dog may be Interesting, but It will not Increase the yield of butter. If the heifer Is a spring calf, as a role the better plan Is to herd her so that she will drop her calf when she Is two years old. Just how much Increase In the feed of the cows should lie made now must be largely determined by the condition of the cow. which should always be one of thrift. - Inasmuch as the'world's record for s one day's public butter test Is held by a Brown KwIhk cow, It Is a wonder tbat the dairy public does not hear mors alxmt the breed. It is said that so many dairy cows have been killed by order of the author ities at San .low. Oul., that the price of the remaining healthy cattle has ad vanced 30 per cent. Uniform good quality In butter i what determines Its value. Xo matter how careful one Is to get It to the con sumer. If the quality Is not the Jjest. good pricea will not be obtained. The temperature for churning de pends on the richness of the cream. Tbe richer the cream the colder It is churn ed, the mere of the fat Is secured aa but ter, and tte better It is for tbe butter Us all nays.