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About Oregon City courier. (Oregon City, Or.) 1896-1898 | View This Issue
Evidence of Steady Growth
ITEMS OF GENERAL INTEREST
From All the Cltle and Town of the
Thriving IliUr lulu
Eight oarloadi of wool from Hcppncr
were received in one day ut a Dalles
The graders are at work on Tansy
point on the line between Flavel and
Warreuton, leveling oS tbe space on
wbiob will loon be built tbe car thuds
o( tbe Astoria road.
An effort ii being made to plaoe Pen
dleton and La Grande on tbe regular
bicyole traok race oironlt ' A move
ment to that end ia now under way,
and already pnniei are talked of for a
meet at La Grande.
One day Iaatweek a freight train ran
into a band of oattle that were hemmed
in between a bluff and fence, near
Blalook. - All of the cattle were either
killed by the accident or 10 badly
maimed that thoy bad to be killed.
John Riobie, who Uvea near Pendle
ton, ia the father of a two-months' old
boy that was born with ten fingers and
ten toes, besides the thumbs and great
toes, all of whioh are perfectly formed.
The family physioian tbinka these ex
tra provisions may be of great value
when tbe boy is grown up.
Tbe farmers of the Grand Ronde
valley are engaged in putting up bay,
but the crop is so heavy that in some
sections much of it will be left stand
ing. Huge staoks dot the valley
throughout its length and breadth. 1.
will be but a few days before t je farm
ers will turn their attention to the
Tbe National bank of Heppner of
which E. R. Bishop is cashier, has
gone into liquidation. This step was
taken for the reason that the bank oan
do no more business profitably for tbe
present It has no more money to loan
upon the security offered, and will pro
ceed to collect outstanding money as
fast as possible.
A whale was driven ashore at Ban
don the first of last week. Captain
Hans Reed secured it, and prepared to
utilize tbe catch. It came on the
beaob just above tbe lookout It ia
over thirty feet long, and ten and one
half feet aoross the dukes. It is of the
kind called Greenland, or right whale.
It will bring the captain about (200.
It is reported that the bay orop in
Clatsop oounty will this season be a
very short one. In the month of June
there was no rain whatever, an un
precedented faot in the history of that
oounty in a number of years. The
grass was burned before' it ripened,
and it ia probable that not enongh hay
has been produced for home consump
tion. Tbe first oar of fruit whioh left Tbe
Dalles last week billed for Chicago,
oonsisted entirely of peach plums.
There were. 800 boxes. This, it is
said, ia the finest oarload of peach
plums that ever went out of The
Dalles. This is because of the pack
ing. There was not an overripe plum
in the lot, and nearly all were pioked
at Just the right time, a trifle green.
Two new warehouses are to be built
It is estimated that tbe state's hop
yield this year will be about 12,000
Supreintendent Stevens has appor
tioned $3,284.57 to the school districts
of Pacific oounty.
The assessed valuation of personal
property in Chebalia county is (93,000
less this year than last.
.The flagship Philadelphia arrived in
Port Angeles last week from Portland.
The Monterey and Bennington came a
few days later.
The prospect of ever catohing the
burglars who stole the balolt-boxes
from a vault in the Taooma oity hall is
said to be growing less every day.
The Indian war veterans held an ad
journed meeting at Willapa, reoently.
Tbe name adopted is "Tbe Indian War
Veterans of tbe Northwest Coast."
There are thirty aores of growing
flax in Whatcom county and ten in
Skagit county. It will be worked up
as soon as the scutch machinery at New
Wbatcom ia made ready to reoeive it
The treasurer of Lewis county has
received a remittance of over (9,000
for the county school fund from tbe
state treasurer. Chehalis district comes
in for (1,100 and Centralia for (1,400.
The war of prices that has been car
ried on for a year by the bakers in
Spokane ended last week. Tbe bakers
came to an understanding and a alight
advance baa been made in the price of
Most of the logging camps in tbe
Gray's harbor country are shut down,
and it is reported that there has not
been a time in ten years when so little
logging has been done. Tbe burning
of the Northwestern Lumber Com
pany's plant has much to do with it
The county road between Svenson
and Knappa has been opened and here
after there will be considerable travel
between the two communities. ' This
also connects Catblamet with a through
road to Astoria.
Sixteen farms in the vicinity of Pen
dleton, some in Oregon and some in
Washington, have been harvested, and
the returns show the average to have
been SI.1 bushels of wheat and 60
bushels of barley to the acre, with the
quality fair. The heaviest yield so far
.reported ia 60 bushel.
NEW NAME IN HISTORY.
Hatleaal Democratic Part? Bora IaU
tha World of Politic.
Indianapolis, Ind., Aug. 10. Tbe
name of tbe nrw party is the National
Demooratio party. Tbe national con
vention of the party will be held at In
dianapolis th first week in September
There was unanimity in the confer
ence in tbe seleotlon of tbe name of the
National Demooratio party and in de
termining to distinguish tbe two par
ties by referring to those supporting tbe
Cbloago platform as the Populist-Democratic
party. There was no difference
of opnion in the provisional national
oommittee, at which it was decided to
call a convention and nominate another
national tioket. Some of the Eastern
and Southern members opposed a third
ticket, but when they were told in tbe
Middle States party fealty was so re
garded that many Democrats would not
vote unless there was a third tioket,
then all objections from tbe East and
South were withdrawn, and tbe deci
sion to hold a convention was nnani-
WHAT WILL THE "EQUITY" BE?
Astoria Gambllng-Hou Keeper Ob
ject to Uutuual "Fine."
Astoria, Or., Aug. 10. There is a
strong prospect of a lively fight at an
early date over the so-called "fines"
exacted monthly from the keepers of
gambling bouses in consideration of
immunity from police interference.
For tbe past two years, eaoh bouse in
whioh gamea of chance, suoh as
"craps," roulette, faro and tbe like,
are oonduoted baa paid the oity month
ly the sum of (50, but since the open
ing here of a large saloon and aporting
house, those of the gamblers who have
only sufficient money to make a show
ing in a single bank-roll have become
dissatisfied, because of the fact that tbe
more wealthy of their class run as high
as five or six games and they pay no
more for the privilege than do those
who conduct a single "orap" table. It
is likely that at the next meeting of tbe
oity council steps will bo taken to have
tbe matter adjusted in an equitable
The Salmon Indmtrjr.
Astoria, Or., Aug. 10. M. J. Kin
ney, in bis annual trade oircular, just
Tbe season just about to close baa
been one of the most remarkable in the
history of tbe salmon canning industry
on the Columbia river. Confronted
with a strike at the opening of the sea
son, and with but few fish paoked un
til June 24, it seemed at that time thai
the output would of necessity fall fat
short of that of any preceding year
since 1877. The abnormally heavy
runs of salmon, however, and the pro
digious efforts of oanners to reoover the
losses sustained during the strike have
resulted in a pack aggregating 75 per
cent of that for 1895. Throughout tbe
year salmon have been unusually large,
and in oolor, firmness of flesh and
quantity of Oil excelled those caught at
corresponding periods in any former
season. A noteworthy feature of tbe
year's business was tbe large propor
tion of ohinook salmon, the paok of
this variety representing a muoh larger
percentage than usual of the entire out
put Boiton' Keldeut Shocked.
Boston, Aug. 10. Tbe nude bronze
statue of a bacchante or priestess of
Bacchus, the work of Frederick Mo
Monies, tbe famous sculptor, destined
aa a gift to the Boston publio library
by the arobiteot, Charles F. MoKim,
arrived in New Xork last week from
Paris, and ia now stored in the office
of MoKim, Meade & White. No soon
er did this work of art reach the
American shore than a wail of puri
tanical modesty went up in "Bean
town", and Miiss Bluestocking covered
ber eyes and deolared that she would
not accept an immodest gift.
Tbe figuie is about life size, and
represents a girl laughing as she trips
along, at a baby, who sits in the fold
of ber left arm and reaches down to
ward a bunch of grapes wbioh she is
dangling above the child. It was first
exhibited in Paris, and was bo much
admired that the French government,
unable to purohase the original, or
dered a replica to be made for tho gul
leries of the Luxemburg.
The Knot Ought to Be Tight.
New York, Aug. 10. Alice Evans,
of Los Angeles, who styles herself tbe
California songbird, rushed into Police
Justioe Wood's office, in Jersey City,
with Rex Forater, the wild cowboy
I pianist, in tow. They are man and
I wife. "Judge," said the songbird,
! excitedly, "I want to be married over
! again to my husband. We were mar
' ried out West several years ago, and
our marriage certificate was destroyed
! in a fire in Buffalo. I feel that 1
ought to have the knot tied over
again." Police Justice Wood did as
requested, and the songbird an J the
! cowboy went away smiling.
J Ilohenlohe'a K-nljciitttlnn.
i Berlin, Aug. 10. Nensten Nchrich-
ten announces that Prince Hohenlohe.
the imperial chancellor, has rnuned
and left Berlin for Kassel. It is artd"1
that further changes are impending in'
the ministry of finance.
A Boston dealer sys that there i
more steel used in tbe manufacture ri
pens than in all the sword and gun fac
tories of the world.
The Banter Mine at Mallan Shot Down
Mullan, Idaho, Aug. 10. Tbe Hun
ter mine has closed its mill for an in
I definite period. Work in the mine wn
practically suspended yesterday. The
recent slump in lead, coupled witn tht
' low prioe of silver, made it inadvisable
! to put the ore on tbe market at the
' present time. This is the mine whom
; flume was reoently blown up with
1 dynamite. Two weeks ago two rifb
: balls were fired through the boarding
Maasaar la Crete.
Athens, Ana;. 13 At Ananolis,
Pedadad, near Herkalion, in tbe island
of Crete, on Saturday, 1000 armed
Muaselmen butchered thirty unarmed
Christians in the preoinot of St John
monastery. Several priests, women
and children are among the viotlms.
One woman was slaughtered for sav
ing ber children and ber husband.
She was butobered on her knees.
Several churches were desecrated,
and a priest named Jeremiah bad bis
ears and nose severed from his head
and waa then burned alive on a pile of
The Boat t'apalied.
Chicago, Aug. 12. Charles Johnson
and Edward L. Sohubel were drowned
in tbe lake by the capsizing of their
boat last evening. They went down
in sight of their wives and ohildren
and a number of friends who were pic
nicking on the shore and unable to
help them. The boat was not more
than 800 feet from tbe shore, and was
upset by two companions who jumped
from its aide into the water for a
Sturm at Saginaw.
Saginaw, Mioh., Aug. 12. A lightn
ing and wind storm caused (100,000
damage in this oity and vioinity early
thia morning. Jefferson avenue Metho
dist Episoopal obnroh waa atruck by
lightning, and damaged to the extent
of (50,000. Fifty other buildings and
faotoriea were unrooted or badly
wrecked, hundreds of treea blown
down and wires prostrated.
Fire Were Drowned.
Philadelphia, Aug. 12. Five persons
were drowned last night in the Dela
ware river, opposite Bridgeburg by the
capsizing of a small row boat The vio
tima were: Amelia Holman, Rose
Berninger, both of this oity; Charles
Minnik, of Cincinnati; John T. Reeder,
address unknown. The boat waa caught
in a squall and upset
Alfred Tennyaon' Widow.
London, Aug. 12. Baroness Tenny
aon, widow of the late poet laureate, is
dead. She was tbe daughter of Henry
Sellwood, and married Alfred Tenny
son in 1850. Her son, Rallman Tenny
son, is the present Baron Tennyson.
San Franoisoo, Aug. 12. O. W.
Winthroo. who Is aooused of kidnaping
James Campbell, the aged millionaire
of Hawaii, waa oaugbt in Oakland this
morning and brought to this oity.
TO END THE WAR.
Negotiation for Peace to Ba Begun In
Key West, Aug. 11. It is openly
deolared here that Captain-General
Weyler has reaobed an understanding
with the ohief insurgent leaders and
that negotiations will be begun with a
view to the oessation of hostilities in
Cuba upon terms satisfactory to all
ooncerned. It ii also stated here that
the captain-general and his deputy
oommanders have held a oonferenoe in
relation to thia important movement
The authors of these striking declara
tions say that the, truth of their reports
ia established by the faot that within
the last few days many influential
emissaries have arrived here and at
other points in the United States, from
Cuba, bearing important dispatches to
tbe Cuban junta in New York. Some
of the sympathizers in the revolution
ary cause admit that these dispatohes
may oontain references to a possible
truce, but they are not inclined to talk
freely on the subject.
Other surmises whioh have been aris
ing owing to the arrival of the Cuban
envoys are to the effect tha insurgents
are at thia time dispatching messages
to the United States, urging immediate
aid in the way of arms and ammuni
tion, of whioh they are sorely in need.
By far tbe greatest importanoe, bow
ever, ia attached here to the report that
a truce is likely to ooour soon in tbe
island. Ernesto Castro and Jose Ros
sell, pioked up by the pilot boat Jewett,
and brought here last night, are still
held in detention by the health authori
ties, despite the efforts of their friends
to have them released. Habeas corpus
proceedings were held today, however,
and the men may be released.
Tbe apparent anxiety and tbe un
usual efforts made to seoure the release
of the two Cubans detained, in order to
enable them to proceed to New York,
are evidences of the importance of their
mission to the United States. Their
arrival was telegraphed to the junta in
New York, and the dispatches that they
brought were entrusted to a messenger.
Some prominent local members of
the Cuban revolutionary party ridicule
the reports ascribed to the presence in
this country of emissaries from the
rebels. Recent wholesale arrests in
Havana and elsewhere, of insurgent
agents, together with tbe oapture of
emissaries bearing dispatohes from the
field, they state, has temporarily inter
rupted the former means of aending
messages and they have been compelled
to resort to dispatching them direct
from the coast
PoUoa la Their Food.
Brighton, N. J., Aug. 11. Five
members of tbe family of Jeremiah
Frasier, a merchant of this plaoe, are
dangerously ill from poison supposed to
have been in something which they
bad eaten. Mrs. Frasier and two sons
were unconscious, and be; two daught
ers are in a dangerous condition.
New York Trouaer-Mkera' Strike.
New York, Aug. 11. Fifteen hun
dred trousers-makers struck yesterday,
throwing 8000 women out of employ
ment The strikers oomplain that
their wages have been reduced 60 per
eent and working noun increased.
Mia Ahl7 Held for Trial.
San Francisco, Aug. 11. Misa Em
ma Ashley, charged with attempting
to shoot E. J. Baldwin, whs arraigned
for trial today. She tlmded not
guilty, and was held for tria', Aug. 28.
Notwithstanding the faot that the
wool and wheat markets are still in a
state of stagnation, business is far from
bad. AuguBt starts in in a very satis
factory manner, and if trade will only
hold up aa it bas for awhile longer,
we are in a fair way to experience a re
turn of the good old days. The re
markable run of salmon .which marked
tbe dosing days of July and the first
of August bas been a great help.
There is little new in the wheat sit
uation. Harvesting is progressing rap
idly all through the interior, and the
yield and the quality is far and away
better than was predicted before har
vesting commenced. Unless there is a
marked deoline in values, the orop will
run ahead of 1894 in dollars and cents,
although tbe quantity will be a trifle
less. Quotations are aa follows:
Walla Walla. 49 to 50c; Valley, 52
Floub Portland, Salem, Cascadia
and Dayton, $2.85; Benton county and
White Lily, $2.85; graham, $2.50; su
perfine, $2.25 per barrel.
Oats Choice white, 3234c per bush
el; choice gray, 30g32c. Rolled oats
are quoted as follows: Bags, 4.25(g
5.25; barrels, $4.607; cases, $3.75.
Hat Timothy, $10.50 per ton; cheat,
$0.fi07 ; clover, $G(g7 ; oat, $6.60 ; wheat,
Barley Feed barley, $13.50 per ton;
MiLLSTUFra Bran, $14.50; shorts,
$15.50; middlings, $1820; rye, 90c
Butter Fancv creamery is quoted at
40c; fancy dairy, 30c; fair to good,
17i 20c; common.
Potatoes. 00(S$1 for new, 90c per
sack for old.
Onions 85 90c per sack.
Poultry Chickens, mixed. $3 00f$
3.50: broilers, $1.60(32 50; geese, 4.00:
turkeys, live, 1010e; ducks, $2.00
3.00 per dozen.
Eqqs Oregon. 12)0 per dozen.
Cheebi Oregon. 9c; California 8c;
Young America, 9c per pound.
Tropical Fboit California lemons,
fancy, $4.004.60 per box; bananas,
$1.762.60 per bunch: California seed
ling oranges, $2.502.76 per box; Med
iterranean sweets, $4.50 per box J pine
apples, $3.005.00 per dozen.
Oregon Vegetables Garlic, new, 10)
per pound ; Oregon peas, 2c : new cab
bage, le per lb; tomatoes, 60c 75 per
box; string beans, 45o per lb: wax,
3(940 per lb; Oregon radiates, 10c per
dozen; cauliflower, 7075c per dozen;
cucumbers, 16(3 25c per dozen; egg
plant, I5l7e per lb; rhubarb, 1H
. Fresh Fruit California apples, $1.25
160per box; cherries, Royal Anne,
loose, 6c per lb, 65c a box ; Black Re
publicans, loose, 6c per lb, 60c per box;
gooseberries. 22c per pound; cur
rants, 6c; raspberries, 4c; blackberries,
3c ; apricots, $1 per box; peaches, 65c
75 per box ; watermelons, $2(33.00 per
Dbibd Fruits Apples, evaporated,
bleached. 446'c; sun-dried, 3)$4c;
pears, aun and evaporated. 66c plums,
pitless, 34y prunes, 3ft per pound.
Wool Vallev. 9c, per pound; East
ern Oregon, 5 7c.
Hops Choice, Oregon 23c per
pound ; medium, neglected.
Nuts Peanuts, 67oper pound for
raw, 10c for roasted ; cocoanu s, 90c per
dozen; walnuts, 1214c; pine nuts,
15c; hickory nuts, 810c; chestnuts,
17c; Brazil, 12c; pecans, large, 14c j
Jumbo, 16c; Alberts, 12Kc; fancy, large,
14c; hard-shell, 8c; paper-shell, lu
Provisions Portland pack : 8moked
hams are quoted at 1010!c per lb;
Eicnic hams, 7c ; boneless hams, 7,lc ;
reakfast bacon, 10c ; bacon, 7c; dry
salt sides, 6c; lard, 5-pound pails, 7c;
10s, 7Xc; 60s, 7,1bc; tierces, 7c per
Hides Dry hides, No. 1, 10 pounds
and upward, 1010,cper pound; dry
kip, No. 1, 6 to 10 pounds, 9c per pound;
dry calf, No. 1, under 5 pounds, 120 16c;
dry salted, one-tbird lets than dry flint.
Saited hides, sound steers, 60 pounds,
and over, 7c: do, 50 to 60 pounds, 6c;
do, under 50 pounds and cows, 45c;
do, kip, sound steers, 15 to 30 pounds,
6c; do, veal, 10 to 14 pounds, Go; do,
calf, under 10 pounds, 6(oj7c; green (nn
ealted), lc per pound less; culls (bulls,
Btags, moth-eaten, badly cut, scored,
hair slipped, weather-beaten or grubby)
Beeswax 20(323 per pound.
Tallow Prime, per pound, 3(5 2,'a'c;
No. 2 and grease, 2c.
Salmon Columbia, river No. 1. tails,
$1.25(81.60; No. 2. talis. $2.252.60;
fancy, No. 1, flats, $1.76 1.85: Alaska.
No. 1, talis, $1.2001.30; No. 2, tails, $1.90
Cobdaqb Manilla rope, 1-inch. if
ouoted at 8c; White tisal, bard twistel :
Rope, l.'i-in. cir. and upward, 0'-4c;
rope, 12-tbread, o44'c.
rjnoAR Golden C, 43g'c ; extra C, 4 J c
dry granulated, 5c; cube crushed and
powdered, 6c per pound; c per pound
discount on all grades lor prompt caeh ;
half barrels. Jic more than barrels:
maple sugar. 16(416c per pound.
Coffee Mocha, 27031c per ponnd;
Java, fancy, 2 t(a 29c; Cotrta Rica, 2 .s
2ohiC; Caracal, 22,12(d25c; Salvador, 10
(S122-; Arbuckle, $19.65; Lion, $19.05;
Columbia, $1H.05 per case.
Kice Island, s3.50($4 per sack; Ja
. Coal Oil Cases, 20c; barrels,
17)4c; tanks, 15lac per gallon.
Wheat Bagb Calcutta, $4.25(g 4.37"
for July and Auguitt deliveries.
Basr Gross, top steers, $3.25; cows,
$2.25(2.50; dressed beef, 46fcC pel
MoTTON Gross, best sheep, wethers.
$3.00; ewes, $2.76; dressea mutton, 4,'g
(a 5c per pound.
Veal Gross, small, 4frc; large,
3)o per pound.
hwi Gross, choice, heavy, $3.00.3
3.26 : light and feeders, $2.75; dressed,
3,'-i4c per pound.
SAN FRANCISCO MARKETS,
Potatoes Garnet Chile, oOiaWc;
Early Kote, 35340c, in sacks; do. in i
boxes, 40(tf 65c : Burbanks, in boxe, 70 ,
(StfJoc; do ' sacks, 40r)76c. j
Onions Red, 10 16c; yellow, 35 j
45c per sack.
JLoos iitore, 14(gl(Jc: ranch, 2025c; '
ducks, 16317c per dozen. I
Cutworm and White Grub.
The cutworm Is commonly confused
with the white grub, and Is In many
cases mistaken for the grub. The adult
of the cutworm Is a moth, and lays Its
eggs mostly In grass and other places.
The larva or worm feeds upon grass
and leaves of other plants-eometlmes
the roots until full grown, when It
enters the ground to transform, and In
a few days or weeks the adult moth
emerges. The moths are of various
colors, and are quite common during
the summer months. They are night
flyers, and hide during the day In
grass and other places. They measure
about one to one and one-half inches
across the wings, and are commonly
called millers. The white grub, on tbe
other hand, Is the larva or worm hatch
ed from eggs laid by the June or May
beetles. The eggs are usually laid In
grass, where they hatch In about a
a, Larva; b, moth.
month, and the little grubs feed upon
tbe rootlets of various plants for the
first year. Tbey burow down Into the
ground from 18 Inches to two feet,
where they remain over winter. Dur
ing the second year the grub eats near
the surface, and does great damage
on account of its size and larger appe
tite. They spend the winter as before,
and the third year they reach maturity.
The grub passes its transformation in
little cells In the earth, and the ma
ture beetle emerges In the spring. The
adult Is a dark chestnut brown beetle,
the head often
JffSiH:,,! black, and the
1? breast s o m e-
3 tftnes covered
if'n " ivuo yeuowisn
TSiiti halr- The body
about an Inch
junu nuo. long, and the
beetles are rapacious feeders. Tbey
appear in May and June, buzzing about
certain trees at night It Is not an
uncommon thing Just at dusk, In May
or June, to see thousands of beetles
swarming about trees. Tbey feed upon
the leaves, and often defoliate large
numbers of trees. Summing up, then,
the adult of trie white grub Is the May
or June boctlo, and tbat of the cut
worm a delicate moth. Grubs usually
feed upon roots, and remain below the
surface, while cutworms feed upon
leaves and other foliage, eating at
night and hiding during the day under
anything that will conceal them. When
these Insects are numerous they are
difficult to combat
over large areas.
In gardens, cut
worms may be de
stroyed by strew
ing bunches of
green grass, clover,
c a b b age leaves,
etc.. between the
rows and sprin
kling with paris
green In solution wiiitk ori b.
a teaspoonfnl to a pall of water. If
this Is done before tbe crops are plant
ed, or the seeds have come up, many
of the young worms may be destroyed
before thoy can do any harm. In a
small way tomato, cabbage and other
plants can bp protected by encircling
their stems close to the ground with
bauds of tin or tarred paper. Rota
tion of crops may often be advanta
geous with field crops. American Agri
culturist. Coat of Marketing- Vegetable.
The farmer who begins growing gar
den vegetables on a large scale quickly
finds that it Is not the growing tbat Is
most difficult and expensive, but the
marketing. This Is especially true If
the farmer Is at a distance from a good
market, and Is obliged to rely on city
commission housee and shipment to
them by rail. He will usually find that
after the commUislons have been de
ducted there is little profit left for him
self. In most cases the fanner who
want to go Into tbe buslnexs of market
gardening will do beat to begin on a
small scale, providing at first for tbe
customers whom he can make sure of
near by, and marketing bla product
himself. In thia way be will get a much
better price than the commission man
ran afford. Dealing directly with tbe
consumers, bis goods will bring blgber
prices, and will be well worth tbem, too,
aa tbey will be much fresher than tboee
tho commission merchant can furnlsh.i
When this local trade ia firmly estab-
llahed the farmer may better Judge!
whether it is advisable to extend hla1
business, knowing that the larger part'
of his products niutU be sold on com in Is-" -elon,
and at prlcee that pay very imr-r
Kgo; Tainting In Cellar.
Most fanners put tbe eggs down cel
lar In summer time, as being the cool
est place they can flud for them. Thia.
is all right If the cellar has been duly
cleaned, whitewashed and ventilated.,
so as to keep Its air pure. But there are
conditions in which eggs In cellars will
spoil quite as quickly aa In a warmer
room upstairs. Tho egg shell Is porous.
If there are odors of decaying vegeta
bles or of tainted meat In the air, tbey
will penetrate the egg. While the germ
will not begin to develop a chick at the
cellar temperature, ' the presence of
tainted air in contact with tbe egg will
cause it to lose its flavor almost at once,
and soon become as bad as It is possible
for an egg to be. In such cases tbe chick
dies and Its own decay makes the egg
worse than it would otherwise be. Kgga
for keeping ought never to be fertilized.
The cocks should either be killed off or
confined so they cannot get to the bens
after midsummer. In this way much
trouble will be saved. The hens will
lay more eggs, and eggs thus produced
Infertile can be easily kept until winter
and sold at winter prices.
New Varletlea of Wheat.
The wheat blossom usually fertilizes)
itself, and for this reason new varieties)
are rarely originated, except by sport.
But the crossing of different varieties)
cty be done artificially by taking off
the stamens from one ear, and care
fully depositing on the blossom tbe pol
len of a different variety. It Is not beat
to try to cross widely different varie
ties, as these would be only mongrel..
This seems to be the origin of some neW
varieties of wheat which are partly
bald and partly bearded. Some have
thought these were distinct varletlea,
but a farmer who saved seM of eacb
separate, and sowed both, found that
the bald and bearded heads appeared
In both lots, though the majority of tntr
grain was of the kind sown.
Support for Berry Buahee.
Wire Is very commonly used as a sup
port for raspberry and blackberry bush
es, this being of necessity very stout
and very firmly braced. , But this does
not suffice to keep the wire stiffly la
place. Where wires are stretched alone
each side of a row already, tbey can be
made much more efficient by tying
them together with cross wires every
ten feet or so. This pulls them together
and keeps the bushes upright and la
place. Where there Is no support at
present and support It to be given the
bushes, the plan shown In the diagram
can be followed to advantage. Light
woodeu strips of Inch-square stuff are
held up by stakes of tbe same material
and rigidly attached to each other by
cross wires. These cross wires are the
most important part of the whole, for
they are constantly pulling the bushes
up Into close quarters the one thing;
for which supports are desired.
Pweet Corn ftalka.
It too often huppeus that when sweet
corn In gardens Is stripped of Its ears
the stalks are left to dry up and be
come woody, In which condltlou they
are worth very little for feeding. There
Is much more sweet In the Juices of
sweet corn stalks than In those of
ordinary corn, and they are well worth
caring for. On moHt farms they can be
fed at once to the cows, and If there are
Immature ears on the stalks they will
be all the better feed for that. Where
sweet corn la grown largely for canning
or for market there Is not apt to be nuy
neglect of the stalks, as the value of
these Is necessary to make the crop
pay. It Is In private gardens, where
only a little sweet corn Is grown, that
this wafite usually occurs.
- It Is stated that in Minnesota the sun
flower Is raised for fuel, an acre. fur
nishing a year's supply for a family,
the heads, seeds and stalks all being
Pop seldom attack sheep If one mem
ber of the flock has a bell, as slieep
kllllng dogs are suspicious and dislike
the noise or alarm. Rreeders who hove
tried bells report favorably of their use.
The largest sheep ownpr in the world
is 'said to be 8. McCaughey, of the
Coonung Station, at Jerlderlc, New
South Wales. He bas 3.0OO.000 acres
of land and lust season sheared 1,0M),IMH)
One of tbe most useful appliances on
a fa nn, and which costs but very little
compared with the many uses to which
It can he put. Is tbe windmill. It grinds
food, provides water for stock and can
be used for Irrigating small plots. Tbey
are now being adapted for purposes of
irrigation on many large farms, two or
more windmills being sufficient to fill
a large reservoir and keep a constant
supply of water.