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About Oregon courier. (Oregon City, Clackamas County, Or.) 188?-1896 | View Entire Issue (March 2, 1894)
OKRGON CITY. CLACKAMAS COUNTY. OREGON. FRIDAY, MARCH 2. 1891.
Wonderfully Rich (iohl Find in
I lie Colorado Desert.
riiKscorr a siiootinu center.
'J'Iik Soul horn 1'aciflc Will Not Honor
.San Diego Ticket Over tlie
(iovernor Hinilics of Arizona offers, a
ccw aiil ol J.0,0011 or the renegade Kid,
dead or alive.
The lumber output in tliu Pacific
Northwest during the past year has de
creased 700,000,000 feet.
I'reseott, A. T., has hail a shooting
acrupe on the average ol once a week
the past uioiith, and the citizens are
manifesting considerable indignation
Smi Jose Coinuion Council refuses to
reorganize tho Hoard of Health no that
it shall consist of regular physicians.
Tho hoard uuw consists of three C'oun
l iliiu-ii, the City Kngineer anil one
The Canadian Pacific has let a con
tract for building 2f0 miles of railroad
between Nelson, 1). ('., and a point near
Calvary, Tliu proposed rouU' is the
inui'li-talked-of ('rows' Nest Pass and
The lack of schnoWnn for children at
l.os Angeles ! ci n.,iined of hy the
citizens. Iu one Hiuall district over forty
children tu not go to school at all. The
people whoso children are crow, led out
are ripe for revolt.
A hit; strike lias been made in the
Mammoth mining district in Arizona.
The surface cropping are over 100 feet
wide, and tl io gold is so plentiful that
Hakes of it can be seen numerously
throughout the samples.
A wonderfully rich void lind has been
made in the Colorado Desert, sixty miles
from San Iternardiuo and twenty miles
from Indio. Old miners think this dis
covery is where the Indians used to dud
the gold they showed, to the people in
The Southern Pacilic has issued a cir
cular at Chicago Baying that hereafter it
will not honor Snn Diego tickets over
the Southern California because of the
$5 arbitrary rate demanded. This vir
tually amounts to a refusal to handle
San Diego business on any terms.
Mrs. Mary Cleveland of Portland, Or.,
whom spirits told that her husband, Dr.
J inn II. Thatcher of Santa Monica, Cal.,
was dead, when in fact he was alive, lias
been awarded half his estate, amount
ing to 00,000. Thatcher is now a help
less invalid at Pasadena. He had de
serted his wife, and she married again,
believing him dead.
Kxccedingly rich gold quartz has been
' taken from the bottom of the must con
denser well at Healdsbnrg, Cal., which
had been broken in a blast. The well is
200 feet deep, and no water has yet been
obtained. The quart, will assay 200 to
the pound. The strike has caused much
excitement. 1 he bore of the well pene
trates the gravel deposit nlong the lins-
Dr. Kugene F. West, who was con
victed at San Francisco of the murder
of Addie Oilinore, a Colusa milliner,
upon whom he had performed a criminal
operation, appeared in court the other
morning io nave sentence passeu upon
him. He was sentenced by Judge Wal
lace to twentv-ftve years in the State
prison. A motion for a new trial was
denied. His attorney called attention
to numerous technical points, and asked
for a Btav of proceedings, which was
The Ontario (San Bernardino county,
Cal.) J i uit Exchange has brought suit
and asks for a restraining order against
J. S. Garcia to prevent him from dispos
ing of his orange crop for this season to
any other parties than the plaintill'.
The complaint alleges that the orange
crop amounts to ;ioo boxes, ana tne ue
fendent is a member of the exchange
and entered into an agreement witli the
other members not to sell his fruit out
side the exchange, hut that he has dis
posed of a portion of the crop to outside
A decision has been given in the
United States District Court at San
Francisco awarding damages, aggregat
ing about $10,000, to heirs of the Cap
lain, cook and owner of the schooner
Fidelity, which was lost by the master
of the steam tug Printer while towing
the schooner over Iluinlioldt bar in No
vember, 188ii. The Captain and all hands
of the latter were lost. The court held
that the bar before and after the disaster
was in an exceedingly dangerous condi
tion, and a careful pilot would not have
attempted to tow the schooner over.
Therefore it gave judgment for the
hiin tilt's. The case is the first of the
ind ever rendered in the United States
The Supreme Court of Oregon has af
firmed the judgment of the lower court
in tho case of the State vs. Hansen, ap
pellant, from Clatsop county. The ap
peal was on the ground of error being
made in admitting certain evidence and
giving anil refusal of certain instructions
by the court. On Wednesday, July 20
last, he murdered his wife, Caroline
Hansen, while she was engaged in pick
ing raspberries at their home in Clatsop
county. The deed was committed with
a stick about a yard in length, with a
knot on the end. The blow was npon
the head. It occurred about 4 p. in.
Hansen made a confession on the follow
ing Saturday to Sherilt H. A. Smith and
F. I. Dunbar. His wife died almost
instantly, and after remaining by her
side for aliout an hour Hansen went to
a neigblior's pluce and told him what he
had done. During the evening he
burned the stick in a stove in his home.
He was indicted and convicted of the
crime of murder in the first degree. A
motion for a new trial was overruled by
Judge T. A. McBride, and Hane?3-a9
sentenced tot hanged. The defendant's
counsel contended that in the confession
made in the presenceof the Sheriff every
'ows That'Ha.'jen was insane,
jthe subsequent confession was
't recovering from the effects of
indge Moore, in the opinion,
statute requires the accused,
anitv is pleaded as a defense,
. h the fact beyond reason
t. It is not in the province of
piestion the policy of law or
the rule established in cases is
i, or if the accused can offer suf
idence to raise in the minds of
-asonable doubt of his sanity,
-tatemust establish this fact,
iers, beTond reasonable doubt.
and circumstances of tne case
'v their veruicl wneiner me
'kill was formed and matured
ood and not hastily npon oc
Aud hn.inc eo found under
AliU lia.Xl IUUUU uuut ,
, ,l. ,t tho
-t if affirmed. The opinion cot- J
pages ef type-writteB aopy.
FROM WASHINGTON' CITY.
The subcommittee of the House Com
mittee on Hanking ami Currency will
report to the full coinn itteo favorably
the hill of Cooper of Indiana to permit
Mates ana Territories to tax United
States notes and currency
Itawlin's hill granting land from Fort
Douglas military reservation as a site
for the University of Utah and deary's
bill for public road through Lime Point
reservation, California, have been ap
proveu uy tlio House Committee on
The House Committee on Interstate
and Foreign Commerce has voted to
make a favorable report on the New
York and New Jersey bridge bill, which
Kepresentative Diinphy has redrafted
witli a view of obviating the objections
in the President's recent veto.
Tliu President has Informed members
of Congress who have annroached him
on the subject that lie proposes so far as
nosnible tonoiioint sonsof armvanil naval
ollicers as cadets at large to the Military
1 Naval Academics. This is in accord -
ance with his iwlicy of eight years ago,
There are two such vacancies at the Na-
val Academy, which, it is believed, will
be lined beiore .May i.
Grosvenor'g bill for a national celebra-
(ion at Chickamauga and Chattanooga
.unitary 1'ark bcptemlier I!) and ZD has
been approved by the House Committer
on Military Affairs. Arrangements will
he under the direction of tho Secretary of
War. who is to reouest the narticiiiation
ol lite rresident ami Congress, the Su
preme Court, heads of Departments of
tne Army and avy, Governors, etc.
rast Assistant Surgeon Kichard Ash-
bridge has been dismissed from the navy.
He was the recorder of a court-martial
at Mare Island, Cal., but refused to draw
up a report of the proceedings as directed
by the President of the court, and was
also charged with falsehood in the same
connection. He was convicted bv a
court-martial of conduct prejudicial to
good order and discipline and of false-
bond and sentenced to dismissal from
tho naval service, which sentence has
Special Treasury Agent M. II. Pereley
has in custody three Chinamen, who
were turned over to the United States
officials by the Wabash railroad. It is
alleged that they came from China by
way of Vancouver, sneaked across from
Windsor, Canada, and came to Chicago
on a sleeping car, beating their way.
They have no money and no baggage.
They are dressed as Americans, but
small pieces of holly wood were found
concealed in their queues, which bore
engraved credentials to their friends.
They could not talk, so t hey were booked
One Lung, Two Lungs, Three Lungs, ac
cording to size.
Secretary Smith has approved the
draft of a circular which will soon be
issued governing applications for the
right of way over public lands for canals,
ditches ami reservoirs. The right is held
to extend only to construction, and no
public timber or material will be allowed
to be taken or used for repair or improve
ment. The department ruling of March
18, 1802, holding that natural lakes al
ready sources of water supply shall not
be used for reservoir purposes, nor rivers
dammed so as to overflow into the adja
cent country, is overruled. All persons
settling on public, lands, to which the
right of way lias attached for a canal.
ditch or reservoir, are required to make
them subject to this right,
Secretary Herbert has advised that
the hull of the Kearsarge on Koncador
reel is breaking up, and tbcre is little
hope of saving her. One consolation u
that none of the nuns which did such ef
fective work in the battle with the Ala
bama off Cherbourg were aboard the
shin when she was cast on the reef. An
official statement by the ordnance bu
reau lor information of the Secretary
shows that her two eleven-inch guns are
now on linnd at Mare Island navy yard ;
four thirty-two-pounders were sold at
Boston navy yard February, 1888,
to M. Lissberger of New i ork ; a thirty
pound Dahlgren ritle sold nt the same
yard in 1875 to the Boston Machine Com
pany, and a twelve-pound light howitzer
melted up in uctober, mttii.
An extradition treaty between this
country and Costa Hica will be sent to
tlie henate soon, a dralt ol tne pro
posed treaty has been prepared and
practically agreed upon. One or two
provisions still await settlement, hut it
is supposed that tlie next mail from
Costa Hica will bring news of the ap
proval by the Costa Rica authorities of
tlie clianges suggested by tlie secretary
of State. The new treaty will make ex
traditable from either country the follow
ing crimes : Murder, including assassi
nation, parricide and infanticide ; poison
ing, arson, piracy, mutiny, burglary,
robbery, forgery, counterfeiting and em
bezzlement. When the Costa Kica auth
orities surrendered embezzler Francis II.
Weeks of New York Secretary Oresliam
agreed to exchange a treaty which would
include tlie crime ol wliicli weeks was
guilty, and the negotiations now in prog
ress are in accordance with tlie promise.
Mr. Chickering of New York has in
troduced in the House a bill to amend
the act of J ill v. 1802. to enforce recip
rocal relations between the United States
and Canada. The bill provides in addi
tion to the present powers that when
ever the President shall be satisfied that
there is any discrimination in the use of
the Wellaiid canal, the St. Lawrence
river canal, the Chambly canal or the
new Canadian Sault canal detrimental
to tlie United States it shall be his duty
to suspend the transportation across tlie
United States in bond of goods imported
or exported from any foreign countries
from or to the British Dominions in
North America. In case of the suspen
sion tolls arc to be levied and collected
on freight of whatever kind or descrip
tion at 2 per ton and on passengers at
not more than $5 a head. No tolls are
to he charaed or collected noon freight
or passengers carried to anil landed at
Ogdensburg, N. Y., or any port west of
Ogdensburg and south of a line drawn
irom tlie northern boundary ol tlie State
of New York through the St. Lawrence
river, tlieOreat Lakes and their connect
ing channels to the northern boundary
of the State of Minnesota. Tlie bill was
referred to the Committee on Foreign
More trouble is brewing in Samoa.
According to official advices the son of
lamasese, one ol tne lormer Kings of
Snmoa, is leading a movement against
Malietoa. He is said to have a large
following of natives, who are rebellious,
not eo much against the immediate
rulers as against the tripartite govern
ment that controls affairs on the islands.
When Mataafa's adherents surrendered
last fall and were transferred to one of
the islands of the Marshall group, it was
hoped there would be no further trouble
in Samoa, although the present admin
istration never felt very confident that
affairs on the island would run along
smoothly and peaceably until some other
form of government prevailed. It is
said negotiations are now in progress
between the Un.ted States and Great
Britain and Germany for a mollification
of the Berlin treaty, 'but it is not known
what the DrODoeed change are. Presi
dent Cleveland took occasion in his an-
nnal message to note his disapproval of (
the existing tripartite. Great Britain
and Germany are alike dissatisfied, and
would probably like change as much
ihim .nr.OTi.nori nA i h n nfivri nn.t
" ft .
native n rti mnn anTinna for an-
other form of government than any
ther of the partiet toBceraed. i
Withdrawals From New York
Saving Banks in 181)3.
GOLD IN NORTHERN MINNESOTA.
Tlie Kaunas Populists to Introduce
a Novelty In (lie Coming' -Political
Mayor Hopkins of Chicago lias re
duced his own salary 10 per cent.
Comnanies in Denver owning smelters
have decided to shut down halt the fur
naces. Wolves have been killing sheep at a
great rate in parts of .Minnesota not very
The membership of the Massachusetts
Grand Army is 547 less than it was a
Tlie Kentucky Senate has defeated the
anti-pool-room bill, which had passed
Petitions for tlie establishment of a
National Board of Health are pouring in
It is claimed that deep snows in the
Wyoming Mountains have driven at
leant 10,000 elks to the plains.
Tlie old Onion line, which lias been at
tlm rwiint nt .liaeiiliilinn fur fliu luat tirn '
years, lias been revived again.
Extensive frauds have been discovered.
by means of which purchasers of public
hinds in Texas have been swindled.
It is expected that Moody and Sankev
will make a great many conversions dur-
ng their engagement in Washington.
The New York Central railroad has
issued orders for extensive retrench
ments along the entire line of tlie road.
The will of Charles Bathgate Beck of
New York leaves $1 ,000,000 to Dr. Park-
hurst's Society for tlie Prevention of
It is thought Governor Northon's ac
tion in endeavoring to prevent prize
fighting in Georgia will beenmo an issue
in politics. ,
Gold-seekers are pouring into the
Rainy Lake section, Northern Minne
sota, where the precious metal has been
A project to furnish Omaha witli
water power by means of a canal fifty
miles long is being considered by promi
A New York journal reports that
heap building materials are causing
'an epidemic of ollice buildings and
The fund started by Mayor Gilrov of
New York for tlie relief of the poor now
amounts to ftiO.OOO, and much more is
expected to be contributed.
In the attempt to break tlie will of ex-
Senator II. M. Rice of Minnesota, who
left $n,0UU,U0ii, claimants allege Ins coin'
mon-law marriage with a squaw.
A number of New York manufactur
ers, whose establishments have a capacity
of nearly 300,000,000 bricks a year, are
going to try and build a brick trust.
A suit has been instituted at St. I -on is
that involves tit lo to all the property on
one side of Olive street from Third to
Twenty-first, aggregating $1)0,000,000.
T. V. Powderly, late General MaBter
Workman of the Knights of Labor, has
entered suit against the order for salary,
expenses, etc., amounting to over 14,000,
Postmaster Davton has reduced the
expense of lighting the New York post
ollice building from 170,000 to $.'12,000 by
having a new skylight cut through tlie
Lonisvilledistillersare not well pleased
with tlie alleged project to have the gov
ernment establish warehouses in New
York where tax-overdue whisky may be
Mrs. Olden, widow of tlie ex-Governor
of New Jersey, has given $17,000 to the
sheltering Arms Hospital near Charles
ton, W, Va., for the benefit of disabled
Tlie Iowa House of Representatives
has passed a bill requiring insurance
companies to adjust losses within thirty
days and pay them within forty days
Last vear the withdrawals from the
savings banks of the State of New York
exceeded the deposits by $84,618,001. In
loz tne deposits exceeded the uraits by
Sam Jones closed his series of meet
ings at the tabernacle in Nashville by
annealing for subscriptions to Day off the
debt on the building. In a few minutes
$10,000 was dropped in the hat.
A steamsbirj line will nrobab v be
established between Galveston and Den
mark for the purpose of transporting im
migrants from Norway, Sweden and
Northern Europe direct to Texas.
Mrs. Cliaska (formerly Cora Bell Fel
lows) has been deserted by her Santee
Indian husband, who has taken up with
a young squaw on the reservation. Mrs.
Cliaska proposes to obtain a divorce.
The tunnel nnder the Palisades, which
is to give the .New York, Susquehanna
and Western railroad an indeiiendent
terminal on the North river, is neanng
completion. It was begun August 1,
mr, and is 6,072 leet long.
Jim Mitchell, a drunkard and desper
ate character, was remonstrated with for
boisterous conduct while at the Grand
Central Depot at Houston, Tex., when
he pulled out his pistol and opened fire
on the crowd, killing three men, one lit
tle cnuu ana wounuing one woman.
Tlie Kansas Populists propose in the
coming political campaign to organize a
theatrical company ol young ptopie oi
the remiisite talent as an adjunct to the
State campaign and semi them over the
State, giving plays depicting the woes
and ills which afliict the working classes.
Tlie election of officers by the Wom
an's Sulfrage Convention at Washington
resulted as follows : Susan o. Anthony,
President; Rev. Anna H. Shaw, Vice
President at large; Rachel Foster Avery
of Philadelphia, Corresponding Secre
tary; Mrs. Harriet Taylor of Upton, O.,
Treasurer; Mrs. Ellen B. Dietrick of
Boston and Josephine K. Henry of Ken
The Secretary of the Inferior in a
Montana case holds that each twenty
acre tract of any placer claim must show
the discovery of minerals in order to ob
tain a mineral patent. Whether the
claim it surveyed: or nnsnrveyed makes
no difference in the right of locators.
Accordingly the location made on a
larger amount of land is void except for
twenty acres immediately surrounding it.
Edward F. Searles, who by the death
of his wife inherited Mark Hopkins'
millions, has given to toe town of Great
Barnngton, MaJ., beautiful tract of
seventeen acre oi loreei ana gwa land
on tlie side of a mountain near by. to be
held forever as a public park. He has
also tivtn Mansfield Lake aoneilnct.
, . , " .. . a I." II rr.
which snppUea water to Kellogg terrace.
The cW proviso u that the Terrace shall
be aoppued are.
Germany has made a
inent with France.
The Indian budget estimates a deficit
of 350,000 lacs of rupees.
All England and France is stirred up
over Anarchist plottings.
Many of the Sicilian rioters have been
given long terms of imprisonment.
I-ondon bank officials say there is an
embarrassing prevalence of farthings.
Savings bank deposit accounts in
France are one-sixth less than they were
two years ago.
There has lieen a steady growth in
continental armies of tlie "kind of hys
teria known as neurasthenia.
During tiie last year the French gov
ernment has paid out aliout 30,000 francs
lor the destruction of 404 wolves.
The poor of Saxony eat the flesh of
horses, dogs and cats according to a re
jiort made to the State Department.
Word has lieon sent to tho courts of
Lurope that the Shah of Persia intends
io visit uerun, m. reiersuurg, raris aim
lumin urxi year.
(Jueen Victoria has ordered court ofli
cials to adopt strict precautions to pre
vent the sale of introductions at court
hy women of title.
The proposal of Laures in the French
Chambers to establish a State monopoly
for the sale of wheat dors not meet with
pronounced popular favor.
The suffering among the London poor
tins winter is not so great as was ex
peeled, it has been about an average
winter lor the unemployed.
Tlie Czar has ordered a new thirty-
foot cutter yacht to be built by J. S.
nite of cowes during this season. It
is to be magnificently fitted.
Thero were 1,060 persons killed in ac
cidents in and aliout coal mines in Great
Britain during last year, an increase of
forty over the record of 1802.
Tlie wedding of the Grand Duke of
Hesse and Princess Victoria Melila of
Saxe-Cohurg-Gotha has been finally ar
ranged for April 22 at Cohurg.
Puerto Rico complains that by the
treaty witli America it is losing $100,000
monthly, and wants the mother govern
ment to abrogate the agreement.
The Increased cultivation of poppy in
various parts of Europe has, it is said,
led to a marked growth in tlie percent
age of opium contained in honey.
The rumor that the tug Millard, with
sixtv-two men on board, was wrecked off
the Nicaraguan coast has been continued.
Not a person on the ill-fated vessel was
The French reinforcements for the
column at Timbuctoo have had to storm
the village of Nioforge, which opposed
their passage, and 100 inhabitants were
Germany's inquiry into the silver
question in its broad phases, which is
about to be entered into, may possibly
change the attitude of that country oh
Rubenstein's new sacred opera, "Chris
tils'," is to have its first presentation
within two or three weeks in the opera
house at Breslau under the composer's
In Berlin a new company has built
lot of cabs on an improved pattern and
fitted them with automatic fare-receiv
ers, so that the driver does not handle
any money at all.
ine thrown rrince ol Siam is among
the boy authors of the world. He has
written several stories for English elm
dren's magazines, and can write fluently
in mree European languages.
Men do not give up their seats to
women in tlie public conveyances in
London and Pans. They might be so
ponte ii called upon, but the laws of
both cities forbid passengers to stand.
Italian business men in all parts of
me Kingdom and the unamhers ol Com
merce of all the principal cities are vig
orously opposing the proposal for an in
crease of tlie duties on imiiorted wheat,
It is said by M. Albert Clim and cor
roborated by other experts that there
are scarcely six novelists in Franco who
can count on receiving equal to or above
iu.uuo irancs a year for their literary
Bourdin, who was blown to pieces in
Greenwich Park, London, was a friend
of Henry, the Paris Anarchist, and it is
believed had designed to emulate in some
way the acts of his friend in the Termi
nus cafe outrage.
At a meeting of the Autonomic Club
in ixmdon a speaker spoke of Vaillaut,
Pallas and other Anarchists as "mar
tyrs." He advised the study of chem
icals, so that bombs could be made and
used when necessary.
Mr. Gladstone is devoting the spare
time which he has from his duty of man
aging the allairs of the British Empire
to an enthusiastic study ot the Masque
languages, the dialect of the strange
people who inhabit the slopes of the
London's Thirteen Club at a recent
dinner had thirteen dishes on the menu,
salt cellars were emptied about on the
tablecloth with studied carelessness, tlie
chairman broke a large mirror and each
guest a small one, and to cap the climax
only cross-eyed waiters were employed.
Mercantile rivalry betwenn Liverpool
and Manchester, occasioned by the open-
t -I.:-. i i 1
jig ui tne viup canui, is occupying in
both cities a large share of public atten
tion. An iinKrtant movement is being
made by public bodies in Liverpool to
counteract the influence of the ship ca
nal on tne trade ot that port.
A new kind of fuel made from solidi
fied petroleum ami other materials is
now being extensively manufactured in
France. It is stated that its heat-nro-
ducing properties are very great, and
that experiments to use it in engine fur
naces have been of a most satisfactory
Vice-Admiral Ifevre. French Minis
ter of Marine, estimates that by aliout
1006 the type of ironclad now being con
structed bv the nations of the world will
iave reached its apogee, naval arma
ments along present lines will be com
pleted, and the nations will have armed
for the sea up to the limit.
Mr. Asouith. British Home Secretary.
n reply to the request of Prof. Tyndall,
who recently returned from America,
that he be accorded an interview with
Mrs. Msybrick in order to induce her to
consent to be hypnotized and questioned
while in that state for tlie purpose of es
tablishing, if possible, her innocence,
informs Prof. Tvndall that he cannot
permit such an interview.
A District Judge in Kansas bas decid
ed that the State Reform .School, which
has been running a good many rears,
costing the State meanwhile a good deal
of money, has no constitutional exist
ence. The total postal receipts in Chicago
during 1803 were W,M3,tM.
The Ciar talks of leaving St. Peters
The Biftfant threaten to rebel against
the I a tan 'f rule.
INSTANCES OF TRICKS THE BRAIN
HAS PLAYED ON MORTALS.
KiperluiniU Mada by bi.ctori Which
Went Cruel In Their Treatment anil lie
nulled r'Hlally Inutility Fruiluceil hy
It is said thut some 20 years ago a long
wooden box, resembling a plain pauper's
coffin, might lie seen inside tlie north
aisle of Westminster abbey. For two
days it was passed without notice by the
many peoplo who visited tlie minster.
Then complaints were made to the police
officer at the door that the smell arising;
from tho body contained in the box was
not only disagreeable to pass near it, but
that it was a disgrace to allow- it to re
main there. 'A strong sense of duty, said
one of tlio'coniplainauts, imielled him
to draw attention to the scandal. Tlie
policeman at once called a verger, who
found on inquiry that the box was
empty and had uever been used to con
ceal a corpse. However, he had the box
removed, and in this way prevented the
recurrence of the horrid smells of which
visitors to tlie abbey had complained.
A still more curious case of the way
in which the imagination may usurp the
senses of smell and sight is recorded of a
hospital patient. Two Paris medical
men interested in this subject of freaks
and delusions of the imagination told
the patient that in order to cure him
both his legs would need be amputated.
The man was thunderstruck. Until that
moment he had imagined himself to be
improving in health.
"Oh! good doctors," he exclaimed iu
accents of terror, "you have made some
mistake. There is nothing wrong with
me. If my legs are cut off, what will
niy poor wife and children do to get
their daily bread'"
"1 am very sorry, my good fellow,"
responded one of the medical men, "but
your life depends upon tlie operation."
The patient was wheeled into theoier
aling theater, and there, without chlo
roforming the man, the doctors pretend
ed to proceed with the amputation.
"Ah, said tlie operator, with an as
sumed sigh of relief, "there's one leg off."
"Oh, holy lrgin Mary, the pain is
frightful! I am dying," shrieked the pa
Then the operator hurriedly "ampu
tated" the second leg. The patient faint
ed. When he came to, the doctors were
horrified to find that he had become in
sane. He actually believed himself to
bo legless. Two months after the pre
tended operation he died. Up to his last
moments he believed that his lower limbs
had gone. In this case there was no sus
picion of hypnotism. It was simply a
phase exaggerated, no doubt of mad
ness produced by an imagination too
cruelly played with by the medical men.
Few, more striking instances of the
force o imagination have been given
than that in wtilcn a German physician
tried an experiment on three criminals
condemned to death. To complete the
illusion he entered the large cell in
which for the purpose the prisouers were
placed, accompanied by the governor
ami other officials of the jail.
"Now, gentlemen, said tlie governor,
addressing the condemned men, "the
emperor has decreed that each of you
are to be executed in different ways.
You, ," he pursued, addressing tlie
first criminal, "are condemned to swal
low a dose of poison, while you, ,
turning to tlie next, "will be bled to
death, and you," shaking to the lust
man, who was trembling violently,
"will die from an injection of poison iu
Each criminal was placed in a chair,
pinioned ami blindfolded. Then said the
governor, looking at hia watch:
"Now, doctor, you may begin."
The physician solemnly poured into a
cup an evil tasting but harmless liquid
and held it to the first prisoner's mouth.
The man clinched his teetii and refused
to drink the poison.
Kill me! he cried. "Murder me in
any way but thisl Before he could
speak again tlie jailers seized him and
forced the liquid down his throat.
lie will be dead in two minutes,''
whispered the doctor to the governor.
The criminal heard the remark and
gave a blood curdling shriek. When
the doctor turned round, he saw that
the man apparently fainted. He turned
to the next criminal, who tremblingly
awaited his fate. He clinched his teeth,
recovered himself and met the doctor's
Inquiry, "Are you ready?" with tlie
Yes of a stoic. His arm was then
pierced with a lancet, though no vein
"You see how pale he has become.
said the doctor in the man's hearing.
"He is losing blood rapidly." The phy
sician went on describing tlie symptoms
and at length pronounced the words,
'Now lie's dying!" For a moment tlie
prisoner shuddered violently. Then lie
became still. The doctor looked at the
criminal, bent Ids ear to the man's heart,
and then to his dismay found that he
had actually expired.
This nulooked for result, although it
merely anticipated by a day the actual
hanging of the criminal, at once caused
the experiments to be suspended. By
this tune the first prisoner had recov
ered, as though from a bad dream, but
the third man was heard slowly mur
muring tho Lord's Prayer ere he received
tlie "poisonous" injection. He gave a
mad cry of joy when he learned that his
death would not occur until the morrow.
Another remarkable but less deadly
trick played by the imagination is often
noted. Many people conceive an aver
sion for gome particular flower, perfume
or color. One man, noted for this idio
syncrasy, hated green colors. He had a
notion how it origuuted no one can tell
that green was dangerous to him. Ac
cordingly he was rarely able to go out
into the conntry except at night. Mil
lion. Cul if an Kpiilemlc
Dr. Thresh, the medical officer for the
county of Essex, having obtained full
returns of the late epidemic of influenza,
estimates that no less than 540 persons
died nnder the immediate attack, and
that no fewer than 1,400 deaths occurred
in the county from its direct or indirect
influence. The monetary loss for the
two months dnring which the epidemic
prevailed he state at no less than IV),
000, on the basis of the loss of wages of
adults calculated at twelve shillings a
week. He adds: "I am, however, afraid
that had the county (offered from an
epidemic among cattle, causing in the
time the same nnmber of death and in
dicating the same pecuniary lose, the
alarm produced would have been greater j
and more permanent' "
THE COLORS OF THE EAI1TH.
The) .Wlrrt Hie Mailt That
I'lllllet .lw Hi lliu Allllill.
The woiidcrftil difference between tlie
3; i me landscape lu winter and in summer
is a phenomenon familiar Io all dwellers
in the temperate zones. The two great
elements of change are the presence of
snow in winter mid of leaves and grass
iu summer. If we could look at our
glolie from tliu moon, the variation in
its aspect due to seasonal changes would
perhaps bo even more striking than it
apiiears to those niton its surface.
lu fact, we sometimes lose sight of the
very inqiortant part which vegetation
plays iu giving color to what might be
called the countenance of the planet.
It is not tho highest forms of plants
that always produce tho greatest effect
iu this way. Some of tlie most striking
scenes upon tho earth owe their charac
teristic features to mosses and lichens.
The famous "crimson cliffs" of Green-
laud, which extend for miles northward
from Capo York, derive their splendid
color from the growth of red lichen
which covers their faces.
The cliffs rise between 1,700 and 2,000
feet straight from the water s edge, and
being composed of gray granite their
aspect would be entirely different from
what it is but for the presence of the
Coining to less magnificent, but not
less beautiful scenes, the rocky pass
called the Golden Gate in the Yellow
stone National park owes its rich color
and its name to the yellow lichen cover
ing its lofty walls, and the indescribable
hues of the great hot spring terraces
arise mainly from tlie presenceof minute
plants flourishing in the water that over
Considered as a whole, the vegetation
of a planet may give it a characteristic
aspect as viewed from space. Many have
thought that the red color of Mars may
be due to the existence of red instead of
green vegetation there.
That its broad expanses of forest and
prairie land cause the earth to reflect a
considerable quantity of green light to
its neighbors is indicated by the fact
that at the time of the new moon a
greenish tint has been detected over
spreading that part of the lunar surface
which is then illuminated only by light
from the earth. Youth's Companion.
BaMua In a Lonely Tongue Still.
The question, Who are the Basques?
that mysterious people who give their
inline to tlie bay of Biscay, is always
cropping up, and Professor von der Ga
belcntz has recently endeavored to show
that the Basque language belongs to the
African Berber family of speech for ex
ample, the Kabyle and Taureg. His ev
idence, however, only amounts to a few
culture words being identical in the
Basque and Berber languages and cer
tain analogies in the laws of phonetic
change. Moreover, he assumes that the
Basques and Iberians were the same peo
flnT789Cnhon Isaac TaytoFfioints "oil
the Iberian tongue, according to our
highest authorities, was different from
the Basque, and the French Basques are
a different race from the Spanish
Basques, who are a feebler iieoplo of the
Iberian type. -If we assume that the
Basques conquered the Iberians, we can
account for tlie resemblances noticed by
Professor vou der uabelentz, because
the Iberians of Berber origin in acquir
ing tlie language of their conquerors
would retain their own phonetic ten
dency and also some culture words in
both languages. As Canon Taylor re-
murks, wo limy still believe that the
Basque language is allied to the Ural
Altaic type. London Globe.
The Danger nf Matches.
We wonder how our ancestors liuiii-
aged to get along nt all before the in
vention of matches; they are so indis
pensably handy that we keep them in
every room iu the house;, the "men
folks" carry them in their pockets, leave
them hanging in their "other clothes"
in a dozen closets in nil portions of the
house; we have a handful resting within
reueh while we sleep, they are dropiied
here and there as we attempt to handle
them; if it is light and wo readily see
them, theyare picked up, otherwise they
are left till a more convenient season
which generally does not come, simply
because they are forgotten, being "only
a match 'we can get plenty more for a
halfpenny, and time is too valunbletobe
wasted ever so insignificant a trifle.
Yet this "insignificant trifle" possesses
the latent power to destroy the finest
mansion, and with it lives of sweetness
and beauty which the word can poorly
afford to spare. The cause of the con
flagration may not always be revealed,
for the fire demon frequently covers or
destroys his tracks most effectually.
But how often is it apparent that only a
simple match that insignificant trifle
could have wrought the ruin! Family
Found Her Daughter In Tlghl.
An indignant mother who saw her 10-
year-old daughter clad in gorgeous
tights practicing a somersault has noti
fied the police of a iieculiar state of
things. She says not only her dnnghter
but a nnmlier of other girls of that age
have been engaged to form a theatrical
combination. These damsels, it ai
pears, meet for rehearsals in barns and
are under the instruction of a couple of
men. They intend to make a tour of
the small towns of the state. All wear
tights, it seems, and this one girl's mam
ma was shocked at her daughter's ap
pearance. Tlie police are looking for
tlie men who are training the tender
maidens to feel at home in the skirt less
costume. Reading (Pa.) Dispatch.
And Meplilnto Smiled.
Some years ago, when Irving was play
ing "Fanst"at the Lyceum, in the part
of Mephistophelea, he descended through
trapdoor in a cloud of flame. While
doing so tiie trap jammed for some rea
son, and a voice from the "gods" im
mediately called out: "Hurrah, boys!
Hell' full! There' no room for nap
Mephisto was forced to smile. Ban
Ke fntereal Kipeeted.
Tbisconrera!iHi occurred between two
little Biddefurd boy this week:
bat did you get lorC'brUtmasf " atked
I got a dollar," said the other, "but
father borrowed It of me before noontime."
What Saved II Ik.
Arthur No; ber father didn't kick me
Jack I alwayn said he wa too much of
a man to do a tbiug like that.
"That wan'l it; be waea't man enough."
FARM AND GARDEN.
The So-Called Lanipas Said to
be an Imaginary Trouble.
WHY THE WHEAT YIELD 18 POOR
Moat American Wheat Growers Plant
Too Much Seed Prepare the
Long experience in some place has
impressed upon certain of the most in
telligent wheat farmer the fact that a
lesser quantity of seed sown nnon
properly prepared seed bed will give
ueuer returns man a much larger quan
tity of seed own npon land not scientif
ically fitted for its receution. In a word.
most American wheat growers plant too
uiuuii seen, anu ao not properly prepare
the ground. A very common practice
iiirougnoui a large part ot the cereal
areas of the United States is to sow a
bushel and a half of seed ner acre. In
at least IK) per cent of cases this is en
tirely too much. In some large sections
five pecks is the standard amount for
sowing an acre of land. This also Is too
great a quantity if the conditions lead
ing to the best success in wheat-growing
are nearly fulfilled. Careful and pro
longed experiment has shown that under
easily secured condition wheat plant
will stool into ten or twelve culms, each
of which will carry twenty to sixty
grains. This would Indicate a yield sev
eral time as great as that ordinarily ob
tained ana even greater than that ever
reached on a large scale. From this we
must infer that a great part of the seed
usually planted doe not germinate at
all, or fails to mature a grain-bearing
plant. With a possible yield of several
hundred fold, it is scarcely creditable to
American farmer that thev so alonir
year after year contentedly reaping a
tenfold or twelvefold crop of 75-cent
wheat. In Borne sections of the North
west certain advanced wheat growers
have reduced the amount of seed sown.
and have been surprised at the result.
In fact, it ha been shown that on prop
erly prepared ground a half bushel of
the best seed wheat brings a better aver
age yield than two or three times as
much seed sown in the ordinary manner.
The writer once knew a progressive
farmer in Michigan who made experi
ments and profited by them. From the
usual six pecks of seed wheat per acre
he gradually cut down the amount each
year, noting carefully the effects of his
slight reduction. He found that by put
ting Ins ground in condition to receive
and bring forth a large nronortion of the
seed planted three pecks would uniiormly
uring a larger harvest man double the
AN IMAGINARY DISEASE.
A correspondent of the Texas Farm
ana Kancn writes : " The so called lam
pas is an imaginary trouble, and only
nisi in the tortile beain-oUhe owner,
and is a relic of barbarism handed down
from the dark ages, to which man's most
laitiiiut servant is forced to submit, be
cause he is in man's power and cannot
help himself. If you compare the month
oi coits or horses of similar age, yon will
find that their general appearance agrees
aimost exncti y. anil mat in a voting an
imals the gums are down on the teeth.
and as age advances the gums recede by
a natural snriiiKaire ana armorntion.
This change takes place in the mouths
oi an animals that are supplied with
teeth man as well as the rest, yet the
horse alone is singled out from all the
rest of the animal kingdom that nature
in ner wisuom nas supplied with teeth,
to reduce ioou to a nt state lor ass in a.
tlon to nourish tlie system, and imnlant
ed them in the gums, a suitable soil to
grow ana nourish them, that man in his
ignorance win cruelly lance, or take his
nest irieml to the nearest blacksmith
shop and ruthlessly with a red-hot iron
destroy for all time to come tlie bars and
gums which nature hag placed there for
a special purpose. If your horse is off
ins appetite, it is uue to some other cause
than what is commonly called lanipas.
When the colt is changing its temrjorarv
teeth for the permanent ones there is in
some cases a slight inflammation aur-
rounus tne roots oi tiie teeth undergoing
replacement. This naturally passe off
in a few days without anv attention, the
same as in tlie child. Our advice is to
let lampa alone in all cases." It is
sometimes advisable to lance the gum
as with children in teething. Feed soft
feed. Washing the mouth with alum
four drams, water one Dint, three or four
t : i i a ", '
wuiro a uay in ueiienciai.
TIKTII OV DOMESTIC ANIMAI-.
The American Farmer aavs : Not every
one remember that domestic animals
often stiller from bad teeth. It is prob
able that the unthrifty condition of many
animals that are pretty well fed is due
to some trouble with their teeth, which
makes it impossible for them to nron-
erly masticate their food. Sometimes
the real cause of the trouble is not sus
pected. Changes are made in the diet,
and perhaps medicines are given ; but,
of course, no improvement results. Na
ture may effect a cure of a diseased or
injured tooth, but it is likely to take a
long time and keep the animal for months
in a poor condition. Then there are
cases, as those of very old horses, in
which the difficulty is principally me
chanical. Here nature instead of giving
relief constantly tends to make matters
worse. As the age of the horse advances
the crowns of the front teeth Increase in
length and prevent the back teeth or
"grinders" from closinu nnon each
other. Where this trouble appear
shortening of tlie front teeth is the only
animate remedy. The more promptly
this work is done the less will be the in
jury to tlie horse, and the greater will be
the saving effected bv the owner. When
animals do not eat well, or do not thrive
upon the food which they use, it w ill be
wen io see whether they have any teeth
that need attention. If any de'fect is
found, a veterinarian should be employed
to apply the proper remedy. A little ex
pense in this direction may be the means
of preventing a good deal of suffering to
the animal and a considerable loss to
The Chinese in Idaho annear to be in
different aliout registering.
Awarded Highest Honors World's Fair.
The only Pore Cream of Tartar Powder. No Ammonia; No Alum.
Used in MHliotu of Homes 40 Years the Standard.
"Aa old aa
in the verdict
o f millions.
lator is the
rPTlPV ,fnly Liver
UVfitCf (ul,i Kidney
can pin your
faith for a
on the Liver
neys. Try it.
Sold by all
Druggists in Liquid, or in Powder
to be taken dry or made intoa lea.
The King at I.lver Medicine.
11 1 have UHcd VotlrHltnmnn I.lver Rcffll-
latorand ran ronM-letiilmily my It Is the
king of all liver inedlcliien, I consider It a
medicine client In Itseir. tiao.
iniuer 11 a
bom, Taooma, v ashiuglon.
Haa tha Z Stamp In red on wrapper.
THE PORTLAND MARKETS.
Wmat - Valley, 83tf86o;
nana, oguc per cental.
Eastibh Shokid Mkatb ahd T.ian
Hams, medium. 12ai2n ner nonnd:
hams, large, ll12Wc; hams, picnic,
U12c; breakfast bacon, 13 16c;
short clear aide. 10012c: drv salt aides.
8)310)c; dried beef ham, 1213c;
laru, compound, in tin, 1UC per
pound; pare, in tint, ll12)c; pigs'
feet, 80s, 16.60; pigs' feet, 40s, $3.25;
' HOP, WOOL AMD BIDH,
Hop '93s. choice. 12t314c ner oonnd :
medium, 9Uc; poor, no demand.
Wool Valley, 10llc per pound;
Umpqua, ll12c; Eastern Oregon, 6
toe, according to quality and shrinkage.
Hide Dry selected prime. 6c: green.
salted, 60 pound and over, 3c; nnder
0 pounds, 23c; aheep pelts, shearling,
ioc ; medium, ai(g35c; long wool,
3060c; tallow, good to choice, 33o
LTVl AMD DBISSID MAT.
Bur Ton steers. 12.60(93.00: fair to
good steers. 2.002.26; cows, $2.26;
dressed beef, 45Ho per pound.
Mutton Best sheep. 12.60; ewe.
Hoos Choice heavy, $4.00(34.28; me
dium, $4.00; light and feeder, $3,909
4.00; dressed, 6)7c per pound. "
ViAir Small choice, 6c; large, 4o per
Manilla rope, i in. cir. and ap, 10c;
manilla rope. 12-thread. K diam.. lOkTci
manilla rope, 6 and 9-thread. V and 6-16
diam., lie; manilla bail rope, in coils
or on reels, 10c; manilla lath yarn.
tarred, 9c ; manilla hawser-laid rone well
boring, etc., 13c; manilla transmission-
of-power rope, 14c; manilla paper twine.
uc; nianuia spring twine, 14c; sisal
rope, VA in. cir. and upward, 7c; sisal
roe, 12-thread, X diam.. 7fec; sisal
rope, 6 and 9-thread, 1 and 6-16 diam..
S.'c ; sisal lath yarn, tarred, 7ic; hop-
vine twine, tarred, 7c; sisal naDer twine.
noun, risD, no.
Ftoca Portland. $2.66: Salem. 2.nfi:
Cascadia. $2.66; Dayton, $2.56: Walla
Walla. $2.90; Snowflake. $2.66: Corval-
lis, $2.66; I'endleton, $2.66; Graham,
$2.40; superfine, $2.26 per barrel.
u atb White, sssS3Hs per bushel;
gray, siwia:: rolled, in bags. S5.76a
6.00; barrels, $0.006.25; in cases, $3.75.
MiLLStcrrs Bran, 113ft 10: shorts.
$1516; ground barley, $1618; chop
feed, 116 per ton : whole feed barley. 00(3
70c per cental; middlings, $2328 per
ton; chicken wheat, 65c$1.15 per
Hay Good, $1012 per ton.
Bottkb Oregon fancy creamery, 27k
30c; fancy dairy. 22k26o: fair to
good, 1517c; common, 11 12c per
pound ; (Jalilornu, -ioc per roll.
Imiss uregon, 10 13c; Califor
nia, c; Young America, 1215c;
Swiss, imported, 3032c; domestic, 16
tgittc per ponna.
Ciin. OMiwtn 17a .ln . f .
ern, nominally the same.
fooLTBT Uhickens. mixed. Quoted at
$3.003.50 per dozen; ducks, $4,009
5.00; geese, $7.50(28.00; turkeys, live, 11
(gizc per pounu; dressed, l4ftjloc
TIQKTABLXS AHD FRUITS.
Vsqitabi.8 California cabbage. Uio
per pound ; potatoes, Oregon. 60a76c per
sack; onions (baying price), $1.00(81.10
per sack ; sweet potatoes,2c per pound ;
California celery, 8690c; artichokes,
$1.00 per dozen; California lettuce,
2035c per dozen ; Oregon hothouse let
tuce, 4050c ; cauliflower, $2.76 per crate,
90c per dozen; parsley, 26c per dozen;
sprouts, $1.00(31.25 per box; string
beans, 1518c per pound; asparagus,
li'c per pouna.
Fbdits Sicily lemons, $4.004.60 per
box; California fancy, $3.50(34.00; com
mon. $2.oU3.00; bananas, $1.603.00
in, f .wuid.w , unuauas, ti.w(i$o.w
r bunch: Honolnln.Sl.60ia2.fiO: Cali
fornia navels, $2.252.76 per box; seed
lings, $1.25(32.00: Japanese. $1.7632.00:
sunflower, $2.76; apples (baying price),
green, 50(fj6c per box; red, 60976c;
late winter pears, 6H80c per box.
Canm so Gooos Table fruits, assorted.
1.762.00; peaches, $1.8692.00; Bart-
lett Dears. 11.76(32.00: Dlums. ll.S7Ua
1.60; strawberries, $2.2692.46; cherries,
$2.2692.40; blackberries, $1.8692.00;
laapberries, $2.40; pineapples, $2,259
2.80; apricots, $1.66. Fie froits,
assorted, $1.20; peaches, $1.26; plums,
$1.0091.20; blackberries. $1.2591.40 per
dozen. Pie fruits, gallons, assorted,
$3.1693.50; peaches, $3.6094.00; apri
cots, $3.5094.00; plums, $2.7693.00;
blackberries, $4.2594.50; tomatoe,$1.10.