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OREGON CITY. CLACKAMAS COUNTY. OREGON. Fill DAY. SEPTEMBER 21). 18SKI.
jj tlint you cun sa-ure al-
i most immediate relief
v from Indigestion, and
jj that uncomfortable full-
ness after meat), by uim-
i ply taking a dose of Sim-
mons Liver Regulator?
Some peoplo tlniik that
; , because it is called Liver
r Regulator it L;u nothing
to do with Indigestion
' and the like. It is the
ma?n of the Liver that
that fulf.'icss; also Con
Btipation, tffid ,thoso Bil
have been made to un JeiV
stand this and have been-
cured from these troubles
by Simmons Liver Regu
lator a medicine unfail
ing and purely vegetable.
From KT. M. B. Wharton, Baltimore, Md
"It affords Die pleasure to add my teitU
niony tn the great virtue, of Hlmmont
Liver Iteirulator. I have hud experience
wild It, H8 occasion domanded, for many
yeura, und regard It a. the ureatent medl.
cine of the tluiei. Ho good a medicine
deaorvc. uulveruil commendation.
Chris Evans lias made a formal request
of the Dintrivt Attorney and Sherilf of
Fresno to be allowed to attend the thea
ter when tho play of " Evans and Son
tag " arrives in Fresno.
Work on the San Diego and Phumix
road has been discontinued, owing to
the want of the necessary funds to carry
ii uii. iuuu cuiiuiiihu) nave not taiten
the interest expected and promised.
The people of Fresno are demanding
that tramps be put to work. The iai
now holds more than 100 of them. It is
even proposed to put them in a chain-
gang and make then) break rock for mac
The grand jury at Salt Lake has re
turned an indictment for murder in the
lirst degree against Harry Hammond,
aged 12 years, and George Gaylor, aged
14. On June 24 Hammond killed Clyde
Kouertson, aged 7 years.
Judge Hawloy at Carson, Nev., cut
down the verdict obtained by Mrs. H.
W. Johnson against the Southern Pacific
for the death of her husband from $35,-
000 to $10,000. The plaintiff accepted
the cut, out the roau win appeal.
Thomas L. Robinson, writer in the
-construction and repair department at
Mare Island, has been removed by order
. of Secretary Herbert, and William A.
Henry of the United States marine corps
has been appointed to nil the place. .
There is a trainD In Woodland. Cal..
'' who has an original method of securing
food. When food is refused him he
opens a tin box, and throws a snake into
the house. Ihe housewife is always glad
to give him food if he will catch the
A. J. Ross, the ox-policeman who on
deavored to palm o(C a widow on the es
tate of Joseph McKinney, a wealthy
negro farmer at Stockton, has been sen
tenced to five years in the State prison.
Pending an appeal, he has lieen released
on $0,000 bonds.
City Marshal Blankenship at Phienix,
A. T.j confessed to receiving money and
not making proper returns of it. Ho
added that liquor made him do the
wrong, and that he had taken an oatli
never to touch it again. The court dis
missed the charges.
Judge Hawley In the United States
Circuit Court at Carson, Nev., decided
the case of Book & Blowey against the
Justice Mining Company in favor of the
defendants, sustaining every point
claimed by the defendants, the case
involved a great many important ques
tions of mining law.
Much excitement has been created at
Silver City, Nev., over the finding in an
abandoned shaft of the skeletons of a
woman and a horse, the bones of the
former being underneath. They have
been there, it is thought, for twenty-five
years, but no one recollects anything re
garding a missing woman at that time.
After the Oregon State Fair is over
the cream of the fruit and vegetable and
grain exhibits will be sent to the World's
Fair, where they will be exhibited in the
Oregon departnients to which they prop
erly belong. The State Agricultural
College has donated its magnificent ex
hibit of potatoes, grains, grasses and
vegetables, and the State Board will send
its special exhibits of grasses, grains,
fruits and vegetables. These will go far
toward attracting yet greater notice to
The Arizona Gazette, published at
Phopnix, has issued a World's Fair edi
tion, giving a description of the Terri
tory, its agricultural possibilities, mining
achievements and natural scenic attrac
tions, with historical sketches of the
races that once inhabited that land ot
the future." The inducements in cli
mate and the prolific soil of the Salt
River Valley are features that homeseek
ers are not likely to overlook when once
they read of them in this carefully ed
The announcement is made at San
Francisco that at the request of the Pa
cific Mail Steamship Company Postmaster-General
Bissell has annulled theeon
tract between the government and that
company for carrying the mails between
that port and Panama and intermediate
points in Mexico and Central America.
The annullment is to take effect Septem
ber 30. The company officials claim that
the contract necessitates extra service,
including additional steamers and more
frequent stops, and that the company is
consequently losing money on its regular
business, especially in view of the com
petition offered by the North American
Navigation Company. It is said, though
the company officials do not confirm it,
that after the expiration of the mail
contract but two steamers per month
will be run between San Francisco and
Panama, and that the present call at San
Diego will be abandoned.
At the World's Fair the Committee on
Nomenclature alter some of the names
of Oregon fruits shipped for exhibition,
bnt they unanimously agree that the
color, flavor, texture and general excel
lence of the frnit are remarkable and
unsurpassed. The fruits have all been
labeled with the names of the growers
who produced them, and they derive all
the benefit arising from the publicity
given. The managers of the Oregon ex
hibits are using their very beet endeav
ors to place exhibit in such a position
as to catch the eyes of the capitalist
and those who are seeking homes. It if
surprising to note the great number of
people who are to much interested, and
who want all the literature they can pro
cure on the subject. The exhibits will
be the means of inducing many of the
beet class of homeseekers to locate in
Oregon daring the next five year., and
will brinf unlimited capital.
In Paraguay all the field work
As a rule European railroads have no
Eight thousand banks still do business
In this country.
Americana smoke more than 2,000,000,.
IVU1 t II ' '
uuu cigars annually.
Over 2,000 cars are used on the Htreet
railroads ot flew York.
Nearly 1,800 men are employed by the
iiuw i ora cuHuim-iiouse,
Funerals in the United States cost up
ward of 1)26,000,000 a year.
Sheep and deer will be raised on a
1,000-acre farm at Halifax, Vt.
One hundred thousand seuls represent
the catch for the season of 181):.
About $.'150,000,000 of American
tal finds employment in Mexico.
The estimated cotton crop for 181)3 Is
(1,717,142 hales, the smallest since 1880-7.
Silver agitation in the United States
has not affected the Mexican silver mar
ket. Land is tilled with the same kind of a
plow in Egypt that was used 5,000 years
Tt takes 6,000oISf-h klnti o.f chickens
that are raised in Kaunas t'J make car
The property valuation of New York
city has increased f 500,000,000 in twelve
Over 80.000.000 ernrs are estimated to
be used every year ly wine claritiers in
Fiisurinz corn at 40 cents a bushel, the
American crop was worth in 1802 (I50.-
The wine crop of this country, it is es
timated, will exceed 20,000,000 gallons
The world's supply of diamonds Is
twenty times greater than it was thirty
1j ova 8 renorts l.n vensela lost in
18U2, of which 249 were British and 120
The Merrimac river is said to nropel
more machinery than any other Ameri
An Englishman has patented a sub
marine gas stove for heating the water
in bath tubs.
Over 130.000 motherless chickens are
daily turned out by incubators in the
rew England states.
The inventor of the rubber tin for lend
pencils is said to have realized 100,000
or this apparently trifling device.
The latest labor-savine machine cleans
fish. Now. if there were onlv one to
catch one, the angler's outfit would in
truth be complete.
Averaging the whole country, there
are in round figures five cows per square
mile; in New England there are twelve
cows per square mile.
Steel has been in use for ship-building
only fourteen years, yet it is estimated
that in per cent ot the vessels built at
the present day are of steel.
It is iust 250 years since the first hand
kerchiefs were made. They were manu
factured at Paisley in Scotland, and were
originally sold for $ 1 apiece. ,
The life insurance comnanios of the
United States, taking no account ot as
sessment corporations and societies, hold
assets to the value of about 1850,000,000.
A London inventor has projected a
vast water scheme to enable the gold de
posits in the interior of Western Aus
tralia to be worked with advantage
this by means of artesian well water.
Hunters of alligators in Florida are
paid less than $1 for each good skin by
the tanners. In 1889 the State shipped
away 00,000 alligator skins, but in 18)10
the number had dwindled to 20,000.
Yeast for bread-mnkinz was first man
ufactured in 1034. It is computed that
over 2,000,000 pounds enter into the daily
bread of the people of this country,
while double this amount is used in Eu
Pens can be made out of eight metals
steel, brass, copper, gold, silver, plati
num, amalgam and aluminium. Alu
minium pens are still a novelty, and are
said to last much longer than anx other
Georgia Cavvan has a fad for collecting
fancy pins; she has Borne that were:
made in the time of Queen Bess.
A bauble which hangs in Miss Helen
Gould's drawing-room is a Japanese
crystal, which cost somewhere in the
neighborhood of $7,000.
Senator Allen of Nebraska is 0 feet 3 ,
Indies in height and of robuBt frame. A
chair lias been specially constructed for
l,; -i..,: ,i. a .
ma i.vuiiiiiiuuiiimi in iiic ociiaie.
Lord Leicester has bod two wives, and
his eighteenth child was born a few days
ago. His eldest child, Lady Powerscourt, '
is 50 years old. Nevertheless Leicester
h nll W ...... T ! . I
voted against home rule.
Dr. William Elliott of New Haven,
Ky., is 96 years old, but on the occasion
of a dance at his house a few evenings
ago he took up his violin and played the
music tor the nrst quadrille.
One-fourth of the Board of Trustees
of the Peabody Educational Board (six
teen members) baa died this year Sen
ator Gibson, Louisiana; ex-President
Hayes, A. J. Drexel and Hamilton Fish.
Rev. Henry Vrooman, who assumed
charge of a Swedenborgian Church in
Baltimore, is one of five brothers, all of
whom are clergymen. Three of them
are Congregational iste and the 'other
Captain Marshall Russell, one of the
oldest pioneers of the Pacific Coast, who
crossed the plains with one of the first
exploring expeditions and was Mexi
can war veteran, died at the Bay View
Hotel in Gold Beach.
Sir Arthur Sullivan during his summer
residence at Weybridge has progressed
so satisfactorily with the new comic op
era, which he is com posing for the Savoy,
that D'Oyly Carte has already put the
work into choral rehearsal.
Dr. Ella Z. Chandler of St. Paul was
unanimously elected member of the
Minnesota State Dental Association at
its late meeting in that city. She is the
first lady member of the association and
the first woman practitioner in the State.
Dr. J. Irving Manatt, who was elected
frofeesor of Greek literature at Brown
University last year, returns this antnmn
fiom his four years' residence in Athens
to begin his duties. Recent magazine
articles of his have attracted consider
able attention. Hia advent at Brown is
expected to give a notable stimulus to
classical study at that institution.
Chief Justice Love of Delaware ex-
Freeses the opinion that it waa on the
elaware and Maryland Peninsula that
the Garden of Eden was located, and
that it was with a peach that Eve tempt
ed Adam. The crop with which the
grower tempted the country this season
will actually exceed 6,000,000 basket.
Dr. Henry C. Reno baa tost died at
Spokane. He was a native of Bt. Louis
and 54 yean old. He (erred daring the
r a an army surgeon, receiving
wounds whirh seriously disabled him all
the rest of hia life. He was s member
of the Grand Armr as well as the Ma
sonic fraternity. He bad lived in Spo
kane county terrral yean.
Work on the Great Bridge at
New Orleans, La,
THE MELON CROP OK GEORGIA
Huge Cucumber Female Anarch 1st
in Limbo South Carolina's
New Llqnor law.
Cow cholera is raging near Coriinna,
Kansas' corn crop this year will bo
New York is now sending out more
foreigners than she receives.
A wholesale removal of pension agents
is expected m the near luiure.
The bees around Wawrford. Mich., are
dying of an unknown disease.
Texas reports that the pecan crop this
season win be the finest in many years,
The German Catholic Central Society
oi isortn America is in session at St
Governor Waite will call an extra ses
sion of the Legislature of Colorado in i
Attornev-Genoral Olnev has decided
that bicycles are entitled to free entry as
French Canadians are returning to
Canada in large numbers from the .New
The World's Fair has nearly paid off
its floating debt and largely reduced its
The New York Central is going to
withdraw the "exposition flier'7 at the
close of the fair.
A cucumber weighing fifty-two pounds,
raised by a Houston-county farmer, has
been sent to bt. Louis.
Treasurer Barrett Scott, who stole
$104,000 from Holt county, Va., has been
arrested at Juarez, Mexico,
Wisconsin's World's Fair Commission
ers have spent $140,000, and the people
re asking, " Where is it at r
Saloonkeepers are not allowed to do
business in the imerokee strip until
they have formally taken out licenses.
It is estimated that the Georgia melon
crop this year amounts to $360,000.
About 8,000 carloads have been shipped.
It is proiiosed to have a national dedi
cation of the Uhickamauga and Chatta
nooga National Park October 17 and 18,
Reports of murders in the new Chero
kee Strip are frequent. The causes are
attendant on tho final settlement of
claims to land
Boston has issued $1,000,000 0 percent
bonds for improvement purposes. She
finds a ready market at par and in some
cases a premium
There has been a remarkable revival
of interest in the " abandoned farms "
of New England since so many mill!
closed their doors.
The financial situation at Yicksburg.
Miss., has so improved that the banks
have ceased to issue certified checks to
he used as currency
Congress will possibly ask Secretary
Gresham for the correspondence with
the Chinese government on the extradi
tion and registration laws.
The Columbian souvenir coins, which
it was anticipated would be hoarded by
people of a patriotic turn, are rapidly
drifting back to the Treasury.
Emma Goldman, the anarchist in jail
in New York city for inciting riot, is pre
pared to plead her own case. She says
he needs no help from anybody.
South Carolina's liquor law seems to
be financially a failure. Instead of turn
ing $500,000 into the State Treasury it is
not likely to yield more than $25,000.
Work on the great bridgeover the Mis
sissippi river at New Orleans will com
mence at an early day, the engineers
having finally decided on the exact loca
tion tor it.
The city of St. Louis has sent a repre
sentative to Europe to float $1,250,000 of
her municipal bonds. She did a similar
thing in 18!X), and got out with 4 per
A representative from Liberia com
plains at Washington that France has
absorbed some of its territory, and goes
back with assurances that the United
States will render aid
The hop crop of Central New York,
now largely harvested, is unusually ex-
excellent in quantity and quality, the
yield being estimated at 140,000 bales
against 125,000 bales last vear.
the employes of the textile mills in
Philadelphia and vicinity have prepared
a petition to Congress to refrain from
making any alterations in the tariff so
iar as u anects tne textile inuustry.
Warden Chase of the Kansas peuiten
tiarv fl&VH that the niimltpr nf nrinnnprn
is rapidly decreasing. The number is 100
less than it was last spring, and is fall
ing off at (he rate of forty a month.
Miss Minnie C. Rankin is suing James
K. iveene at Jew York lor $20,000, half
of which she says he received to invest
for her and made no accounting, and the
other halt is tor her services from 1883
A pensioner of Clearfield, Pa., who
signed a patent medicine testimonial
certifying that he had recovered his
health through a use ot the preparation,
finds his pension stopped on the strength
of the certificate.
Cornelius Rvan of Waltham. Mass..
found in a railroad station four years ago
a wauei, wnicn ne returned to me owner,
whose name and address were among
the papers it contained, and recently
found himself named for $2,000 in the
The World's Fair directors met in spe
cial session at Chicago recently, and
voted down a motion to lower the en
trance fee for children, and tabled by a
heavy majority proposition to let peo
ple in on Sunday at half rate. The mat
ter of extending the fair nntil January
Edmund S. Hincks, the late clerk of
the Whatcom Board of Connty Commis
sioners, has started from Fairhaven for
Mashonaland, Africa He will take in
the World's Fair en route, and does not
expect to reach Cape Town, South Africa,
before January 1, 1894.
Charles T. O'Ferrall. whom the Demo
crats have nominated for Governor of
Virginia, is a native of Frederick county,
and is 62 years of age. He enlisted be
fore he was 21 in the Confederate cav
alry, and at the surrender of General
Lee was in command of his cavalry de
tachments, being at that time Colonel.
The House Committee on Territories
has considered the bill providing for the
admission of Utah as State, and it will
be reported to the House in the near fa
tore with the recommendation that it
pass. A provision was inserted in the
bill requiring that the constitution
adopted by the State prohibit polygamy.
FROM WASHINGTON CITY.
In order to more effectually break up
the smuggling of opium and Celestials
into the United States in the vicinity of
Puget Sound Secretary Carlisle will Issue
an order directing Captain rosier of the
revenue cutter Grant and Captain Fen
gar of the revenue cutter Perry to pro
ceed to the vicinity referred to and fund
their efforts to the work of eradicating
Senator Dolph has introduced bill to
extend the timo for purchasers 01 lanui
within tne limits 01 the forfeited kohii-
11.. . ; n . 1 ... 1 . - .....11 I .. 1
viii iiMiiiu lanti grniiin uuui iinnuary a,
1807, and bill to authorize the State of
Oregon to import machinery for jute
mill free of dutv. The time httvlns been
once extended for the payment of lands
and such exemptions from duty being
unusual, the chances lor oithor bin are
A very prominent Democrat on tho
Wavs and Means Committee says that
the new tariff bill will be completed
within month. If Comrrcs Is still in
session, it will be immediately presented.
The Democrats on the committee feel in
view of the unrest among business men
on account of the proposed revision the
new schedules should be mado known as
soon as possible, so that business ran
sooner adjust itself to the new condi
tions. The bill Introduced in the House by
Representative Everett of Massachusetts
to irive the Chinese a vear from the pres
ent time to register is undoubtedly to be
the administration measure. Senator
Dolph says that, if the Chinese govern
ment would ask for an extension of time
for Chinese laborers to register and give
some assurance that if an opportunity
were given thev would register, Congress
might take sucli a request in considera
tion. But, as no snch request has been
made or assurance given by China on
behalf of the Chinese, the proposition
to eive further time is merely back
down by the government in accordance
with the views and desires 01 the admin
istration. In the Senate Sciuiro of Washington
submitted an amendment in the nature
of substitute for the repeal bill. It
provided that silver bullion may be de
posited at anv mint, to be formed into
standard dollars of the present weight
and fineness, to be legal tender, for the
benefit of the owner, but there shall only
be paid to the person so depositing it
such a number of standard silver dollars
as shall equal the commercial value of
the silver bullion deposited. The differ
ence, if any, between the coin value and
the commercial value shall be retained
bv the government as seianoraeo. The
coinage shall not exceed $4,000,000 per
month, and when the gross amount
reaches $200,000,000 it is to cease. The
dollars thus coined are to be legal tender.
In the Senate Stewart of Nevada in
troduced an amendment to the repeal
bill authorizing the President to invite
the governments of Mexico. Central and
South America, Havti and San Domingo
i! i.A ir..:inj U1.1..L :.. - r....
IV JUII1 W1U UlllbVU DWKD 111 B WlllCICIlUC
in Washington four months after the
passage of the act. to secure the adop
tion of a common silver dollar of not
less than 350.01 grains nor more than
383.13 grains pure silver, to be issued by
each government, to be a legal tender
for all commercial transactions between
11 citizens of all the American States:
that the findings of the delegates shall
be binding on the governments which
send them, and on an agreement being
reached the government represented
shall open mints to the unlimited coin
age of silver for the benefit of depositors.
Many bills have !een introduced in
Congress to increase the punishment for
embezzlement by directors, officers or
agents of national banks. Representa
tive Bryan has added one more. It pro
vides that every president, director.
cashier, teller, clerk or agent of any as
sociation who embezzles, abstracts or
willfully misappropriates any money,
funds or credits of the association shall
leguiltv of a misdemeanor and lie impris
oned for not less than five years nor more
than ten years; It the amountembezzled
less than $10,000, not less than ten
years: if the amount embezzled Is $1U,-
000 or more and less than $25,000, not
less than twenty-five years, and not more
man forty years if the amount embez
zled is more than $25,000. It also pro
vides that persons arrested under the act
shall be tried as common criminals.
Caldwell has introduced a bill in the
House recardine the wrecking of trains
It provides that a person who displaces
or removes a railway switch, places a tie
across the rails, injures a railroad track
or bridge, or does or causes to be done
any act whereby the locomotive of a
tra'in of cars is stopped, obstructed or
injured, with intent to rob or injure the
person or property passing over any rail
road of interstate commerce, and wherein
in consequence of such acts any person
is killed, will be ftuilty of murder. If
the attempt docs not result in murder,
the guilty person, if convicted, shall be
imprisoned at hard labor for from tun to
twenty years. The same penalty is to
be imposed upon each conviction of the
charge of throwing anything against a
train or causing anything to fall upon it
with intent to rob or injure any person
or property of such train.
The United States Senate has been
threatened with destruction by bomb
throwers. This at any rate is one of the
sensational rumors afloat in Washington.
It is asserted that several silver Senators
have received threatening letters, stat
ing that, if they did not soon permit a
vote on unconditional repeal, a bomb
would be dropped from the gallery into
the midst of the silver leaders. Stewart,
Jones. Teller. Wolcott and other well
known silver Senators have received
these letters. Stewart is disposed to dis
miss the matter without consideration,
but leller and some of the others are
frightened. The situation has been laid
before Sergeant-at-arms Bright and
thirty special detectives sent to the Sen
ate chamber, and every person not
known is sub ected to a riirid scrutiny.
No one is permitted to enter conveying a
valise or packaze of anv kind. All these
detectives are in citizens' clothes.
The public hearings before the Wavs
anu iueans iommutee nave been con
cluded. It is the intention of the com
mittee to commence work at once upon
the new tariff bill. L. E. Holden of
Cleveland spoke in favor of the existing
duty on lead ore. He declared that, if
the duties be reduced, miners' wages
I W -1 , ,
ill necessarily be reduced. Hmro K.
Camp of New York also insisted on the
retention of the present duty in the in
terest of the producers and miners. He
protested against the treatment of lead
ore as a raw material. Among the other
industries represented were thread,
paints and color, rorwts, raw ivorv and
piano-forte ivories. F. J. Kemer oi New
York complained that the duty on silk
waa too hiirh. so hieh in fact that the
foreign manufacturers of silk goods could
not tie brought in competition with
American silks. He admitted, however,
that foreitm manufacturers of silk paid
60 per cent Iw wage than were paid in
this country. At the afternoon session
the carpet industry was discussed, as
well as matches, brashes, tobacco, bur
lap and German lookinK-glass. Repre-1
sentative McCall of Massachusetts spoke
of the necessity of deciding now npon
the date on which the new tariff law
will go into effect. He taid that woo id
do much to restore confidence, and rag
vetted Jassary 1, 1899, a maonftble
House of Lords Denounced by
Walter Owen Church.
NERV0I S DISEASES IN FRANCE,
Photographing- the Depth of the 8e
U Arroiupllslied-Old Manu
The new German taxes are to nut 124..
The bastinado is no lomrer a leual nun-
Isliment in Egypt.
A weekly naner for the blind is mih-
lished in England. .
France proposes to have a irrand Inter
national exposition in 1IKX).
Of 0,000 pilirrims who went to Mecca
in May over half died from cholera.
Egypt's cotton crop this vear will be
60,000,000 pounds larger than in 1802.
Japan has fourteen railways protected.
and will build them as rapidly as possi
Zola's latest ambition la to become a
member of the French Chamber of Dep
uties. An electric light has just been put up
in nour mill close to the Damascus
gate at Jerusalem,
The white muscat raiBiiUs in ureal de
mand in Switzerland and Austria for the
making of vermouth.
Two new 0,000-ton steamers will be
built by the North German Lloyds Com
pany for the American service.
The distress in the mlnlmr districts in
England is great and increasing. In
Derbyshire 50,000 men are idle.
A fad for making collections of kisses
of celebrated men is rapidly becoming
popular among the ladies of Germany.
The German Emperor has stringently
forbidden the officers of his armv to have
one eve, as denoted by wearing one eye
glass. The Czar has ordered vacht of 4.000
tons, witli engines of 800-horse power.
It is expected to eclipse everything of
the kind yet built.
The Queen of Denmark is stone deaf,
throat malady being responsible for the
affliction. The Princess of Wales inher
its the same trouble.
Hamburg has had a complete recovery
from the cholera visitation of vear aro.
and the city is in more prosperous
state than ever before.
Japan line more miles of railway In
proportion to its territory than any other
country in Asm. Fourteen now lines
are now being constructed,
Since the beginning of the century
France has fallen from the second to the
fourth place in point of population
among European countries.
Aluminium plates are used in Ger
many lo engrave and etch upon, and it
is sp4en of as probable substitute for
zlncl jut lithographic stones.
J wo postage stamps of Mauritius of
1817, of which only fourteen specimens
ate known to exist, have just been pur-
iaseu by dealers in Jxmdon tor sm,
The floods in Northern China have
laid wasto the country for thirty-five
miles. Crops were destroyed and homes
swept away. 1 lie section is thickly pop
ulated. Peace prevails in Nicaragua. General
Santos Selaya has lieen formally elected
President of the Republic and General
Anastairo Ortiz Vice-President. All po
litical prisoners have been released.
The imperial German government has
addressed a circular to the maritime
States of the Empire requesting their
opinions as to the advisability of insti
tuting a State control of ship-building.
II. O. Arnold-Forster, English mem
ber of Parliament, raises a note of alarm
about the condition of affairs at Gibral
tar, which he declares to be absolutely
useless in its present condition as a naval
According to an election return just
mado to the British Parliament there are
0,220,120 voters in the United Kingdom.
There were 4,502,482 in England, 270,276
in Wales, 747,271 in Ireland and 6111,001
Electricity has made rapid progress in
Switzerland on account of the abundance
of cheap power from waterfalls. The
telegraph and telephone lines of that
country are owned and operated by the
Walter Owen Church, a member of
Parliament, declared at a meeting of the
Liberal Federation at Ixmdon that the
House of Lords was a grievous hindrance
to good government and should be im
Captain R. Mackenzie, R. E., has com
pleted a detailed reconnaissance for a
railroad from Kurrachee to Kharan, Bel
oochistan, which eventually will be ex
tended to Seistan or some other point on
the Persian frontier.
Dr. Charles Fere, a well-known au
thority on nervous and mental diseases,
says that these disorders are increasing
at a terrible rate in France, and attrib
utes the fact to the increase of beer
drinking, absinthe-drinking and bars.
Breech-loading rifles were invented in
1811, but did not come into general use
for many years. It is estimated that over
12,000,000 are now in actual service in
the European armies, while 3,000,000 are
reserved in the arsenals for emergencies.
The British Medical Association has
at last admitted women as members. The
principle was approved last year, and
this year at its sixty-first annual con
gress, held at Newcastle, the by-law ex
cluding women waa formally expunged.
The famous Greek brigand Margonis,
who has just given himself up to the au
thorities at Athens, had for thirteen
years been almost supreme in the dis
trict around Parnassus. He was a farmer
and owner of houses as well as a robber,
A locomotive is being constructed in
England to run 100 miles an hour. It is
2,000-horse power, the driving wheels 12
feet In diameter. The three cylinders
are 40, 28 and 18 inches fn diameter with
a 30-inch stroke. The boiler pressure is
An interesting find is a library of 500
volumes, including seventy manuscripts
of the tenth and eleventh, and some
with wonderful miniatures of the four
teenth centuries, which were recently
discovered in a Franciscan cloister near
A gold medal of the value of 1.000
Italian lire is offered by the Royal Acad-
emy of Science of the Institute of Bo
logna to the author of the best memoir
describing a new and efficacious system,
or new pparatos, for preventing or
Photographing the depth of the sea
baa been accomplished by s French sci
entist. M. Bouton. Being practical
diver, M. Bouton managed to take pho
tographs of his surroundings when stand
ing on the very bed of the Mediterranean
at Banrnls-fur-Mer near lbs Spanish
A Man at a Mxllng uf HorotU.
Once limn nttciided a Hurosia meet
ing. A few years ago a distinguished fe
mule singer from the ojieratic stage was
Invited losing bySorosis. She came late
and hurried into Delinonico's ballroom,
where Soroais whs then wont to meet,
followed by little, nervous, wiry Ital
ian. The hundred odd ladies limply
glared and sat speeclihus. Mrs. Lozier,
who was then president, hurried down
from the presiding chair and bad a hur
ried whispering conversation with the
opera singer, while the little Italian stood
In the alslo suffering mental agonies
Iroin the concentrated glare of 200 femi
nine eye. Then the opera singer was
overheard to say:
"Why, maduui, he is my accompanist,
and I cannot sing without him. If he
goes, then I must go."
The president returned to her chair,
the linger seated herself, and the social
gathering resolved itself Into business
body the poor, nervous pianist stand
ing still In the aisle like criminal be
fore the liar of justice. The matter wai
freely discussed, and finally it was re
solved to make an exception and allow
the Italian to remain and play. Fortu
nately for the Italian, he understood very
little English, and after standing quizzic
ally through the debate he boldly walked
up to the singer and asked what it all
meant. She explained, aud then the
Italian's blood boiled.
"I nevair hear of such zing," he said
vehemently. "Adieu, madamel"
He was persuaded to remain and play,
but when he had finished he bolted, and
every footstep rang ont Indignation and
defiance. New York Times.
Soma Brilliant Sword Stroke.
Elephants are completely disabled by
one blow from the Arab's two handed
sword, which almost severs the huge
hind leg, biting deep into the bone. This
feat is varied by slashing off the trunk,
leaving it dangling only by a piece of
skin. A ghoorka has been seen by the
late Laurence Oliphant to behead a buf
falo with a single blow of his cookrie.
And Sir Samuel Bilker, man powerful
enough to wield during his African ex
ploration tho "baby," an elephant rifle
weighing 22 pounds, once clove a wild
bear with his big hunting knife almost
in halves a it was making a final rush,
catching it just behind the shoulder
where the hide and bristles are at least
a span thick. Sir Walter Scott relates
how the Earl of Angus, with his huge
sweeping brand, challenged an opponent
to fight and at a blow chopped asunder
his thighbone, killing him on the spot.
There is a story current in Australia
that a Lieutenant Anderson in 1853,
during an encounter with bushranger,
cut clean through the gun barrel of hit
adversary with his sword. And at Ras
sasslii it is related that one of Arabi
Pasha's soldiers was severed in two dur
ing the midnight charge. But in the
opinion of experts this is very improba
ble, even had the new regulation saber
then been in use. London Globe.
O.inti mat EnflUh Waavora.
Mr. D. F. Schloss gives the following'
instructive contrast between English and
German weavers: The well fed English
weaver can without difficulty look after
four looms and can with the aid of a ju
venilo assistant ( tenter ) manage as
many as six. But, as Dr. von Schulze
Gaevernitz tells us, notwithstanding that
the continental manufacturers run their
looms from 20 to 80 per cent slower than
ours are worked, in Mulhouse and in
Switzerland each weaver can only tend
three, and in Germany you will seldom
1 a weaver able to tend more than two
looms. The effect of the superiority of
the English operatives upon the cost of
production is shown by the fact that, al
though the rate of remuneration of our
English weavers is about 100 per cent
higher than th'it received by the Swiss
and German "hands," yet we are able to
turn out cotton cloth at a labor cost dis
tinctly lower than that which obtains in
Switzerland and Germany, London Let
ter. Ceng-lit Napping.
Uncle Dear me, Carl, whut a poor
memory you havel
Nephew A poor memory, you say?
Why, I can repeat four pages of the
names in the directory after reading
them through only oncel
Uncle 1 11 bet you a hamper of cham
pagne that you can't do it
The nephtiw sends for a directory, at
tentively peruses four pages and shuts
up the book.
Nephew Muller, Muller, Muller, etc.,
All the fdur pages of the directory be
ing taken up with this familiar patro
nymic, our student won his bet In fin
Not an Unlucky Number.
"Jason," said Mrs. Calliper to her hus
band as they sat at dinner, "do you
think that 18 is an unlucky nunibor?"
"No, Cynthia, said Colonel Calliper,
I can't say that I do, and I don't be
lieve that any of us would if the subject
were presented to us in a proper light,
Now we fortunately are rich; we don't
need money. But suppose we did, and
that somebody should offer us $13,000.
Would we, would anybody, my dear, de
stine these thousands as unlucky because
tbey numbered 187 No, Cynthia, no, w
wonldn t not to any large or apprecia
ble extent." New York Sun.
For tha I'M of th Right Hand.
The buttons on coats, etc, are placed on
the right aide and the abed of the hair in
boys to the left evidently to suit manip
ulation by the right band. The great
philosopher Newton records that at
first he confined his astronomical ob
servations to hi right eye, but afterward
he managed to train his left. But there
are persons who could not do this, owing
to the unequal strength of their eyes.
HI Owa Maka.
Travers Look here, those shoe yon
made me creak.
Shoemaker They always creak at the
end of 80 day, air, if the bill isn't paid.
-New York HrraM
An enterprising London wuman Has
discovered a new method of earning
money pleasantly. Just before the close
of tn season she advertised to take ear
of valuable plant and palm while their
owner were ont of town, and secured a
nfficient number to hire an assistant
and clear considerable profit
The Butte (Mont) Miner thinks that,
" if the price of bay keeps going np, it
may be too expensive to turn the Mon
tana caynse out to grass."
There are 83,000 German settled
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report.
FARM AND GARDEN.
Several Methods by Which Land
May be Improved.
A FEW AGRICULTURAL NOTES.
Some General Information
Preparing the Ground
It is very important to prepare the
seed bed for wheat in good condition.
What is needed is three or four inches of
finely pulverized soil and a reasonably
solid seed bed underneath. After the
plowing is done the instruments neces
sary to properly prepare in a suitable
condition can best be determined by the
condition and character of the ' soil.
When the soil is in a condition to plow
well and then can be harrowed as fast as
plowed, the work of preparing in a good
tilth can be greatly lessened. But it is
often the case before the plowing can be
done the ground gets hard and dry, and
it will require considerable work to se
cure the proper tilth. Hard lumps can
be worked down with a dran or roller.
and with a drag it may be necessary to
go over twice. The disc harrow can after
be used to a good advantage in fining
the soil. If hard rains have run the soil
together, the disc or Acme harrow can
be used to a good advantage. There is
an advantage in using the rollers and
drag, especially in leveling and fining
the soil, while the disc or Acme harrows
are needed if the soil becomes packed.
Generally it is best to go over sufficiently
often to keep down the green growth
that may start up and to keep the sur
fuce mellow, using the implement best
suited to keep the soil in this condition
with the least work. Generally before
drilling it will be a good plan to use the
spike-tooth harrow and then the roller;
tins will leave the soil in nood Bhane for
drilling. If the roller is not used, the
harrowing should nearly always be done
crosswise the way the drilling is to be
done, as otherwise it is sometimes diffi
cult to follow the drill rows. By getting
the Boil in a irood tilth before sowuis the
seed a much better germinator of the
seed anu a more vigorous start to grow
can be secured. In order to do this to
th beat advantage the work should be
conimenwrt as sunn Alter Jiiojnng as nw
sible. But Bometimes. when the srouni
is hard and dry, it may be necessary to
wait until after a rain softens the lumps,
when the work can be pushed along very
rapidly. But in all cases it will pay to
woric until tne sou is 111 a good tutu be
fore sowing the seed. Bv havitnr the soil
in a good tilth when the proper time for
sowing arrives the work can be pushed
along very rapiuiy.
TDK IMrKOVKMKNT or LAND
There are various wavs in which land
may be greatly improved, and the care
ful farmer who wishes to make a success
in his business will always be on the
alert for new methods of culture, and
will also follow those which he has found
from actual trial to be nood. Good drain
age is essential for land on which cereal
crops are to be raised. A farmer may
easily obtain information regarding the
drainage of a piece of land by digging
notes tour or nve leet deep and noting
where tho water stands in these. On
corn land this water level should be forty-
two inches below the surface. Another
method of improving the soil is bv thor
ough cultivation. This is necessary in
order to obtain the best results. Opin
ions differ very widelv in regard to deep
and shallow plowing. At the Perdue
Una.) expenmont station experiments
have been made on corn plats, plowing
four to twelve inches deep. The first
year there was no perceptible difference,
but the second year there was great
gain from deep plowing and subsoUing.
The effects of deep plowing and subsoil
ing are not always apparent the first
year, but where it has been practiced the
crop of wheat the second year has been
double that of field shallow plowed,
with the sameamountof manure applied
to each. SubsoUing loosens up more of
. 1 . .u 1 . . .1 . . . 1
ine eariu. aim luniisiies more piaiu iouu
and moisture than shallow plowing. In
clay lands it is desirable to change the
conditions in order to keep it from bak
ing during very dry weather. Air-slaked
lime is one of the best substances which
can be used for this purpose. The
amount to apply varies, ranging from
three to twelve tons per acre, according
to the stiffness in the clay. Application
can be made at intervals of seven to ten
years. IT. A. Huston, Indiana State
Chemist, advises farmers with heavy
clav lands to experiment with a small
field in this way, being careful that the
lime is left in small piles long enough to
become well air-slaked, and then have it
distributed and well mixed with the soil.
Using lime in this way makes the land
easy to pulverize, and changes it from a
hard compact mass to one easily broken
into particles which the plant roots can
penetrate. Halt is also used sometimes
If your Biscuit are Heavy,
Your Oriddle Cakes Sodden,
Your Pastry Poor,
Your Cake dries out quickly,
Cream Baking Powder
It imparts that peculiar lightness, sweetness and Can
observed in the finest food, and not obta-Rablo wKh any oar
but DR. PRICE'S.
in the same way, and has the same effect
on the soil, but is not always beneficial ;
hence lime is more highly recommended.
I windward side of the houses and barns
to shelter them from the fierce storms
will prove a profitable investment. The
Norway spruce is a rapid grower, and a
windbreak once planted will every year
prove more valuable. It makes a better
windbreak to plant two row about ten
feet apart, with some deciduous tree
between. What wind one tree does not
obstruct the other row will catch.
Do not let stock lose flesh during hot
weather. Better feed hay or green corn
than allow animals to become poor.
Keep one cock for each breeding pen
of fourteen hens. This will do for all
breed but Asiatics, which require more
Bantam may be hatched at any time.
If the young are carefully kept from lice,
they will do as well in summer as if
Success in raising hogs depends upon
good breeding, feeding and general care.
"Bad hick" is another expression for
Geese can be picked three or four
time during spring and summer and in
this way made profitable. But the
feathers should be pulled only when they
Tatting Iran Caatlnga.
Rave yon ever noticed," said a St
Louisan yesterday, "those massiva iron
pillars now standing erect in the base
ment of the new Planter's Housef Well,
did you ever stop to think of the im
mense weight they will be compelled to
support steadily for many, many years?
Ob, you have. But I suppose you hav
thought the manufacturer lust mad
those pillars and sold them without
knowing anything about how much
weight they would bear or how long
they would bear it. Let me tell yotl
"Those pillars are cast in the same
manner as cast iron stoves by running
the liquid metal into sand molds, but
alonside of each pillar is cast an iron bar
from the same metal. The bar is pre
cisely 11 n inch square and 5 feet in
length. When cold, it is subjected to a
very simple test Each end of the bar
is placed npon a table and weigh ta are
suspended from the center by a ror-. IS
tlniiotinds tots su utiri) lu(!ii.'"xiio
begin with 400 pounds and be gradually
Increased until the bar is found to be
perfectly supporting the required weight
If it breaks, for instance, at 480 or 490
pounds, then the pillar cast from the pot
of metal which cast the bar is discarded,
broken np and put into the pot again,
with more pig iron added. The pillars,
you know, are largely mad from scrap
iron, and the manufacturers cannot know
the strength of the cast nntil it is tested.
The addition of pig iron in the event of
failure brings the cast up to the stand
ard. "St. Louis Republic
In British Honduras,
British Honduras is a crown colony,
and of its 80,000 population there are
about 800 whites, mainly English. There
is an American colony of about 20 people
at Toledo engaged in sugar growing and
rum making. They are mainly from
Kentucky, and it is a prosperous colony.
The country is healthful for a tropical
country, and there has not been a case of
yellow fever in several year. The prin
cipal product is mahogany, and it will
be year before the forests are exhausted.
Great quantities of logwood are also
shipped to Europe. We ship only ba
nanas and plantains to the United State,
shipping last year 728,000 bunches of ba
nanas to New Orleans. The great prob
lem with us is labor, and we import na
tives from the West Indies.
We need immigration, and Sir Alfred
Maloney, the governor, is a very pro
gressive man and is doing much to bring
us to the notice of the world. . W hav
no railroads beyond a tramway drawn
by mules, penetrating -the plantation
for about six miles. There is not a tele
graph instrument or line in the province
and only a short telephone line between
government buildings. W have n
money of our own, but use the silver of
surrounding republics, which is so de
preciated that 3 in American money 1
equal to $8.60 of the money in use. In
terview in Washington U
Toothache Eaally Cnrad.
A European dentist is said to har had
great success in curing toothach within
dre or U minutes and often In leas time,
by applying ona pole of an tlectrostatic ma
chine to the troublesome tooth and the oth
er pole to th body of the patient. In T9
eases thus treated by him only three are
aid to bava been unsatisfactory. Nsw