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About Oregon courier. (Oregon City, Clackamas County, Or.) 188?-1896 | View This Issue
OREGON CITY. CLACKAMAS COUNTY. OKEGON, Fill DAY, SEPTEMBER 8. 1893.
la called tho "Father of Diseases,"
It is cuuscd by a Torpid Liver,
end is generally aooompanied with
LOSS OF APPETITE,
BAD BREATH, Etc.
To treat constipation successfully
It is a mild kxutive and a tonio to
the digestive organs. By taking
Simmons Liver Begulator you
promote digestion, bring on a reg
ular hulit of body and prevent
Biliousness and Indigestion.
"My wife ii lorely dl.lrtiicd with Conulpa-li'i-i
unil cougliiiiK, followed with HlaediiiK F'Im.
A:Vr Imjr j:iniih' use of Simmon (,lvr Ueeulalur
it iUiikmi entirely rxlitvcd, gaining menfflll
tml llcsli." W. 1). LiinruK, fJclawan, Oliio.
I have used Simmon. Liver Regulator (or
'oi;iiu:(ion of my bowel., earned by temporary
tlet.iii'iiirtit of the l.ivar, anil alwaya with d.
C.d-j.l iHiirfil " HlftAM WakkU, L.I. OM
t .... ai i ;nnla.
Tins Succor mine in Gold Hill (Nev.)
district has discovered that the Justice
mine has been taking ore from its ground,
mid a heavy suit fur damages is likely to
Rev. David S. Tavlor, cx-miniHter of
the first Congregational Church at Ban
Ha I i to, (Jul., has brought aait against his
former congregation lor damages amount'
hi to :j,2ti2.50. .
The Olive Orchard Company at Sacra'
niento is going in the business on a large
scale. A contract to place 11,000 trees
on the ground the coming season has
been entered into.
More complications are developed in
the allairs of the failed City Bank at Los
Angeles, ami a complaint charging fraud
has been entered against parties con'
nected with the bank.
At Victoria, B. C, the Printers' Union
lias reduced the scale of newspaper
work 10 per cent. Machine nanus will
get i22 per week; hand compositors,
night, 45 per 1,000 j day, 40 cents.
William Young, who threw a lighted
oil lamp at Irene Manstield at Ixs An
geles, causing doatli from the frightful
burning she received, has been found
guilty of manslaughter on the third
The Washington National Bank at Ta
coma has been placed in a receiver's
hands. An attempt was being made to
get it out of the Comptroller's hands
when the latter checkmated the bank
"""licTTTresent progress of the Southern
Pacific extension justifies the expecta
tion that the road will reach San Luis
Obispo in six months and make a through
route to the East in six months after
l'axadena by popular vote has con
ferred upon the City Council the right
to enforce the planting of shade trees,
the proper trimming of hedges and the
eradication of weeds from the streets.
The negligent property owner is to be
brought up with a round turn.
Sacramento has voted to use well wa
ter instead of water from the Sacramen
to. Nearly 3,000 votes were polled. The
water comes from a subterranean stream,
the source of which apparently is some
mountain lake, and is known to have
carried live trout in it as far as the wells
east of the city.
The bills of the Stanford University
are being paid, and back salaries are
only remembrances. Mis. Stanford finds
it necessary to practice the most rigid
economy in order to keep the institution
open during the present financial strin
gency, and many of the employes have
necessarily been dismissed.
An English land company, composed
of some of tlie richest men in mat gov
ernment, is to operate in the northern
half of the lxwor California Peninsula,
and extensive public works in the way
of irrigation and seaport facilities are to
be instituted at an early date. The con
cession comprises 18,000,000 acres, and
the Bpeedycolonistation of that rich coun
try will follow.
Seven San Francisco Chinamen, know
ing Tucoma was anti-Chinese, became
frightened while being driven from the
Portland train to a boat at the wharf at
Tacoma at the Bight of crowd assembled
at a fire. Without waiting to consult
the driver of the gurnev they cut the
straps on the doors and, breaking them
open, ran back to the depot and bid.
They left their baggage behind.
At Hot Creek, Nye county, Nev.,
. Richard (iluyas, superintendent of the
Hot Creek and Rattlesnake Mining and
Milling Company, an Eastern corpora
tion, committed suicide. He went to
the mill and set Are to thirty cords of
wood, climbed onto it and shot himself.
He was entirely cremated, only two
small pieces of bone and the fragments
of a pistol being found. He left a will
disposing of his property.
In 1872 the exports of prunes from
California amounted to nothing. So
rapidly has the industry grown since
that date that last year the exports of
this fruit from California reached 30,
000,000 pounds. Numerous orchards are
coining into bearing year by year, and
still more are being planted. This as
regards California. In conversation with
fruitmen from Oregon we find that or-
chardists in certain sections of that State
have caught the fever and are planting
prune trees by tens of thousands. So
with Idaho horticulturists. Right and
left these same fruit trees are being set
ont, and as in all these localities named
this fruit thrives and yields abundantly,
one can imagine the condition of this
industry in coming years. Here is some
thing for planters of new orchards to
Another attempt may yet be made to
rescue the steam collier San Pedro, which
went ashore near Victoria nearly two
years ago. This time the Moran Bros,
if Seattle have taken the matter in
charge, and if they find that it will be
worth while to try and save the San Pe
dro, they will make one final effort to do
so. The Southern Pacific Railroad Com
pany, whirh is the owner of the San
Pedro, has, it is said, been in correspond
ence with the Moran Bros, for some time.
The company is anxious that the San
Pedro- Kail be saved. She cost nearly
If you nnVi """vt1om to
.ad wi.h to foe en. . ' '
!r1(,gmt fur Ih-amtnond's
itemed, and if lie has not g,.t ..
to the Ornrumon I Medicine Co..
Maiden Lane, Xrnr York. Atfo.
ki, xns Tabules : for nr stomach.
Over 100 kinds of wine are made in
An aluminium bridge over Gibraltar
There are 37,000 lady telcgraphors in
the United states.
New South Wales has over 5,000,000
acres of tin-ore fields.
Belgium has 160,000 "schnapps"
houses and o,oou schools.
Europe lias 6,345,000 acres in beets,
producing 40,400,000 tons.
wine clan ners in r ranee use more
than 80,000,000 eggs a year.
More than 3,000,000,000 cigarettes
were sold In this country last year.
The soldering of gloss and porcelain
with metals 1b a novel French process.
The averugo wages paid in the Clyde
ship yards are reported at 7 cents per
The State of North Carolina has mined
nearly 110,000,000 worth of gold since
American cotton goods are gradually
taking the place of the English product
in Hayti. 81
It cobU but 25 cents to transport a ton
of coal by water from Buffalo to Duluth,
The weight of the rail used on the
American roads has been increasing
steadily during the last twenty years.
Sixty million dollars' worth of leather
is required every year to provide boots
and shoes for the inhabitants of Great
The steam engines of the world repre
sent the work of 1,000,000,000 men, or
more than double the working popula
tion of the earth.
The three Northern States of New
England will receive government boun
ties amounting to $ 70,000 on this year's
maple sugar crop.
The cigarette smokers are doing their
best to keep the government in funds.
They dropped $2,000,000 into Uncle
Sam's strong box last year.
Chili is the most prosperous agricult
ural country of South America. There
are 7,010,000 acres under cultivation, of
which 1,100,000 are irrigated.
In the opinion of the Portland Oregon
ian this is a rood time to nav small debts.
as " $100 will pay (1,000 of debts in one
uuy u huih moving acuveiy.
The total product of the Mexican sil
ver mines from their opening by the
Spaniards to the independence of the
country in ltrai was w,m,)vz,vw.
By the tenth census 23,010,000 inhabi
tants of the United States were sup
ported by agriculture, 11,520,000 by
manufactures and 15,020,000 by com
merce. Homestead farmers in this country
earn 8 per cent of the total earnings of
the nation, and their farms and stock
represent 7 per cent of the national
Chamberlain, S. D., has the largest
artesian well in the world. The flow is
8,000 gallons a minute. The well is eight
inches in diameter, and the water is
thrown fourteen feet above the top of
Daily consumption of something like
3,000,000 needles all over the world makes
a nrottv big total. Everv vear the wom
en of the United States break, lose and
use about 300,000,000 of these little in
A new dredge, said to be the largest in
the world, has been put into operation
on the Mersey at Liverpool. It is 320
leet in length, and it is calculated that it
will raise 24,000 tons of matter daily
from the bar at the mouth of the river.
The countries relatively richest in
horses and horned stock are Argentina
and Uruguay; Austria has the most
sheep; Servia the greatest relative num
ber of pigs to population. The poorest
in horses is Italy; in cattlo, Portugal; in
sheep, Belgium; in hogs, Greece.
Germany's average annual production
of wine during the last thirteen years
has been 50,000,000 gallons. The area of
land under vine cultivation has varied
but little in that time, being about 300,
000 acres. A third of the total produc
tion is made in Alsace and Lorraine.
The most important engineering ope
rations now being carried on in the
world are the building of the MancbeS'
ter ship canal, upon which already al
most $50,000,000 nave been expended,
and the opening of the Iron Gates of the
Danube, which will cost when done from
$15,000,000 to $20,000,000.
The French government, controlling
the pearl islands of the Pacific, has re
cently prohibited the use of diving ap
paratus by pearl hunters. This is be
cause there has been such a demand for
the beautiful pearls of the Pacific that
the supply is being depleted, and in a
little while apparently there would be
The Belgian King hates music, and
whenever a piano is opened he vanishes
from the room.
Dingley of Maine, Dolliver of Iowa
and Burrows of Michigan are Beated
side by side in the front row of the Re
publican side of the House this session.
Little Queen Wilhelmina of Holland
is credited with the possession of a par
ticularly intractable temper, which she
inherits from her disreputable old papa.
Peter Rossegger, the bard of Styria,
as Austria's most popular poet is called,
and who had a public or rather popular
celebration of his 50th birthday recent
ly, is the son of the poorest of peasants.
Miss Emily Faithful, the well-known
English apostle of woman's work, lives
in the dreariest part of Manchester. She
is an inveterate smoker of cigars, which
alone relieve the asthma from which
Mrs. Lucie C. Carnegie of Pittsburg,
sister-in-law of Andrew Carnegie, has
given an order to the Maryland Steel
Company of Baltimore for a steel steam
vacht, which she will use in cruising in
William A. Pledger, the negro politi
cian of Georgia, is to apply for admission
to the bar at the next session of the Su
perior Court in Clarke county. Four
teen negro lawyers have already been
admitted to practice at the Georgia bar.
Prince Victor Napoleon, who lives qui
etly in Brussels, is a great student of
works on the army, military tactics, con
stitutional government and French his
tory during the consulate and the two
Emperors. The Prince is now 31 rears
old, and hii demeanor is grave beyond
The Princess Maud, who has always
been the favorite of her father, the
Prince of Wales, has blossomed out into
quite a beauty this season, the foreign
correspondents state. The Princess Vic
toria is the useful member of the fam
ily, and plays the part of the peace
assertion recently made in an
, , Tiodioal that Miss Braddon
$500,000 from her novels
" -arded aa preposterous,
ere savs in London
lined to think that
good deal more
Huge Hailstones Fall in
State of New York.
RADICAL METHOD FOB BELIEF.
Amount and Mileage of Railroads
In the Hands of Receivers
at the Present Time.
to crops in ioi
erg are doing great damage
crops in lowa.
A conference of Anarchists Is to be
held in Chicago September 15.
A Kansas editor boasts of being a
graduate of the Keeloy Institute.
The rate of taxation just fixed in New
York is the lowest in thirty years.
Active measures are being taken to
enforce the health laws of Kansas.
Another gas well with powerful flow
has been struck at Stronghurst, III.
Governor Turncy of Tennessee is out
in a proclamation denouncing lynching.
About 12,000 men who were idle in
Pittsburg two weeks ago are at work
During this vear 714.036 silver Treas
ury notes have been redeemed in silver
Senator John Sherman has decided to
say very little at preBent upon the money
A sea turtle, weighing 1,000 pounds,
was captured near Portland, Me., the
Frick. the Carneaie manager at Pitts
burg, has had his salary of $50,000 a year
reduced to $35,000.
Senator Pefler has asked that the sal
aries of all government officers above
$1,000 a year be reduced.
Atlanta is about to celebrate hor fif
tieth anniversary. Her population is in
close neighborhood of 120,000.
Much dissatisfaction is found with the
registration requirement by intending
settlers in the Cherokee Strip.
The counties of Western New York
report a plague of grasshoppers that is
uoing mucn Harm hi me crops.
Last year the total valuation of the
railroads of Kansas was $50,000,000,
This year it is increased $10,000,000,
R. D. Kathrens, Secretary of a large
oil company, says that the supply of pe-
. i , i . ; : i . .. i : 1. 1
iroieum in Wyoming in uieKimuoiiuiv,
Railroad Commissioners of Kansas
have not yet been able to secure seed
wheat for the western part of the State,
Francis Murphy, the well-known tern'
perance advocate, claims that the exces
sive use of intoxicants is on the decrease
But 1,000 men are now employed in
the Santa Fe shops at Topeka, Kan
Last year at thia time 2,000 men were at
There is an organized kick all over
Kansas about the celerity with which
the State Board of Pardons is letting out
Secretary Hoke Smith has declined to
execute aspnaitum mining leases on me
Indian reservation in Utah. He says it
Railroads with a mileage of over 16.-
000 miles and capital of $1,000,000,000
have gone into receivers' hands in this
country this year.
The Javanese village in Midway Plai
sanee ut the Chicago Fair is unable to
meet the exactions of the management
of the fair, and will close.
The citv of Cleveland has filed a claim
to land on the lake front occupied by the
Pennsylvania, Lake Shore and Big Four
railroads and worth f2,ooo,oou.
Rome. N. Y.. reports a fall of hail
stones weighing one quarter of a pound.
Every exposed window was broken and
roots damaged. Kain leu in torrents,
The New York Sun has been making
a study cf the debts of the various States,
and iliuls that in the last ten years there
has been a total decrease oi $ iu,ooo,ooo.
W. W. Ogilvie, the milling king of
Uanada, estimates the yieia in wneai in
Manitoba and Northwest Canada this
year at about twenty bushels per acre,
or a total yield of about 19,000,000 bush
els. The recent "hunger riots" in New
York had their comical side. One of the
loudest clamorers for bread, who was
taken into custody by the police, was
searched, and was found to have $36 in
New York's Dock Commissioners have
built on several different piers people's
pavilions. In these structures iron pil
tars support the roof, the building being
open on each side to let the breeze enter.
The pavilions cost $3,500 each, and are
to serve as public promenades.
Dr. Warner's corset factory at Bridge
port, Conn., employs 1,600 women. It
now is running only part of the time,
but for all of the workwomen who do
not make enough to pay their living ex
penses Dr. Warner furnishes the meals
nntil the factory shall be running full
A movement is on foot in South Caro
lina W have John C. Calhoun's body,
with the sarcophagus erected over it by
the State Legislature some years ago.
removed from St. Philip's neglected
graveyard in Charleston to Fort Hill,
where was his home and where the col
lege he wished for has lately been estab
lished. Typographical Union No. 16 of Chi
cago, including all the large English pa
pers oi mat city, auouieu a radical
method for the relief of the unemployed
in the shape of a rule, to hold good for
five weeks, that none of the regularly
employed shall work more than four
days each week, putting on " subs " the
The Cherokee Strip will be opened for
settlers at 12 h. on Saturday, September
16. There are altogether 0,UOO,000 acres
of land to be opened. One-third, or
2,000,000 acres, is arid land, unfit for set
tlement, leaving 4,ow,uw available lor
homestead purposes. There will be land
enough for about 22,000 persons to make
selections, and with the town lot squat
ters, altogether not exceeding 25,000.
The man R. W. Parker, or Wilbur
Prescott Koockogev. who committed su
icide at the Grand Hotel, San Francisco,
accordinz to a Philadelphia dispatch fi-
nred in many scandals in the East. He
was convicted of bigamy and sent to the
penitentiary for the offense. His mother
n wealthy, but was forced to go to France
to live, owing to her son's misconduct.
He was well known in Philadelphia as
Horace Johnson, the Middletown
(Conn.) weather prophet, who predicted
the recent biff storm, aavi them in an.
other of still greater severity to come
between beptem Per o and 10. lie pre
dicts that a great tidal wave will roll
into tbe streets of Boston and New York
along the docks and for a time com
pletely submerge them. He warns mer-
,.nt. nvnin. r,mr , I w tn that m. mi
cities to remove their toads along the
water front. I
In the Oregon display ia an exhibit
that attracts much attention. It in
cludes a working model of a gold placer
mining outfit. A largo amount of gold
bearing dirt is at hand for demonstrat
ing the whole process of panning out the
gold, and at stated intervals the plant is
put into operation. This exhibit is not
surrounded with glass, and it is an amus
ing sight to see people hunting over the
sand and dirt for particles or appear
ances of gold.
Near the north end of the forestry
building are shown cross sections of trees
from Oregon. There is a yellow fir log
six feet in dlainotcr. The yellow fir
5 rows all over the Northwest Coast
lange Mountains. It is of superior ex
cellence for ship-building and spars. It
ranges from two to ten feet in diameter.
A cross section of a trunk of tide-land
spruce is shown. It is nine feet nine
inches in diameter. The butt was six
teen feet In diameter, the tree being 306
feet liiirh and 300 vears old. Great slabs
of noble fir, spruce, lovely fir and yellow
nr are shown.
Baron de Maraja, Commissioner from
Brazil, and 8. Suwa. Secretary of the Jap
anese Commission, have through O. 8.
Whitmore, editor of Uardwood, onereu
forestry exhibit at the World's Fair to
to the city of Chicago for a permanent
museum. Said Mr. Whitmore the other
night: " Both the collections are com
plete and large, the former being one of
the largest in the forestry building. Mr.
Suwa's is large and exceptionally well
arranged and perfectly classified. Dr.
Niederlein, Commissioner from the Ar
gentine Republic, and Dr. Hassler, Com
missioner from Paraguay, both have
splendid collections, which they have
given me to understand they would pre
sent to the city if they could be assured
they would be appreciated anil cared for
as they deserve. No such collection of
forest products has ever liefore lieen
shown as is now in this exhibit, either
from domestic or foreign sources. I have
discussed the matter with others among
foreign exhibitors, and am satisfied the
bulk of the foreign exhibits can be se
cured by the city. American exhibitors
also are prepared to make handsome do
nations. I think theJessop collection
can be secured and some other private
collections. Dr. Charles M i I Ispaugh, the
botanist who has charge of the w est Vir
ginia collection, intimates that a large
part of that exhibit can be secured. It
is one of the finest shown, is complete
and thoroughly classified. Kentucky,
Oregon, Wisconsin, Minnesota. Michi-
f;an, Washington, Missouri and others
lave complete, well-arranged and well
classified exhibits which they would
gladly donate in whole or in part."
FROM WASHINGTON CITY.
Senator Dolnh has Introduced a reso
lution calling for a report from the War
Department of the Board of Engineers
which examined the proposed improve
ments at The Dalles. Senator Dolph
thinks this ought to be before Congress
so that early action may be had by the
- A brief prepared by Judge Advocate
General Lemly of the navy on the re
port of the court of inquiry that exam
ined into the disgraceful condition of the)
cruiser Atlanta has been presented to)
.secretary Herbert for his consideration
It is said the brief contains evidence ad
ditional to that given in the report, and
a court-martial of the officers connected
with the vessel will be ordered by Mr.
The trouble on the Mexican border
over the attempt of Mexican officers to
drive a nock of sheep from a tract oi
land on the Rio Grande, claimed by both
Mexicans and citizens of the United
States, owing to a change in the course
of the river, has taken a serious aspect,
The War Department has received a tel
egram irora General Wheaton, com
manding the Department of Texas, say
ing that two troops oi the l- nth cavalry
would leave Fort Ringgold for the scene
of trouble to supjiort twenty men under
Captain 1-or hurt, who have the Mexican
othcers and sheep in charge.
All the members of the administration
took the greatest interest in the vote on
tne Wilson mil; secretary uarnsio espe
cially so. He received in his office in
the Treasury Department official an
nouncement of the several votes as soon
as they were flashed across the wires.
When the first vote was received, which
showed that free coinage at a ratio of 10
to 1 was beaten by 102 majority, he saw
the majority was greater than he had
anticipated, and that, he would have
been satislied with sixty majority. At
the conclusion of all the votes Secretary
Carlisle stated that he was very much
gratified at the result and felt that it
would do much to restore public conn
dence. He expressed the hope that the
Senate would take speedy action on the
silver question. The Secretary addctl
that the present stringency was not due
to want of nionev. hut to hoarding it
and withdrawing it from business on ac
count of this lack of confidence.
It has been decided impracticable to
let the tariff question go over to the reg
ular session by adjourning Congress as
soon as the silver question is settled ; so
work on i: taritl bill will soon oegin.
Chairman Wilson of the Ways and
Means Commitfe hopes to have the bill
ready for considei ttion by the House by
November. Another urgent question
may have to be considered before this.
The monetary stringency has caused such
a falling off in receipts from internal
revenue, customs and other sources that
the daily receipts of the government are
now lalling 1300,000 short ol the com
oulsorv exnenditures for pensions and
the ordinary expenditures of the govern
ment. Already there is a deficiency of
$10,000,000 to $11,000,000 in sight. The
situation cannot be met by economy, as
these expenses are obligatory under the
law. The alternatives before Congress
to meet the situation are limited to three
new issue of government bonds, an
income tax or some such new impost, or
an increase of the rate in some of the
existing forms of taxation.
SecretarvCarliflle has ordered that the
United States mints at Philadelphia and
San Francisco be fully manned and the
full capacity of both mints utilized in
coining gold bullion. The Treasury De
partment possesses from $80,000,000 to
$00,000,000 in gold bullion, which is part
of the gold reserve of $100,000,000. Gold
bars cannot be used as currency; m n
has been decided in the present need to
coin the bullion on hand. The bullion
ill be coined into $10, $5 and 2 gold
pieces, preference being given to tne
first two denominations. The coining
capacity of the Philadelphia mint, it is
stated, win oe oetween nw"
16.000.000 ner month. The San Fran
cisco mint will also be tilized, but fortu
nately nearly all bullion possessed by the
government is in the East. Tnere is
$20,000,000 of gold bullion in the Phila
delphia mint, $16,000,000 of it being in
one vault, where it has remained un
touched for fifteen years. Acting Di
rector Preston visited Philadelphia the
other day, and completed arrangements
with Superintendent BosDysnen to oegin
work at once. The Treasury is now pay
ing out gold coin all over the country,
and aa a consequence standi more in
of gold soia than heretofore.
Trade Greatly Demoralized in
WOMAN MURDERS AN ATTORNEY
France's Vineyards In a Healthy
State-Ctar Turns His At
tention to Railways.
Tho very first gymnasium for girls tn
Germany will lie oened atCalsruhe this
A writing table which once belonged
to lord Byron was sold the other day in
London for $66.
Permission has been granted for tele,
phone wires in Manchester, England, to
be placed underground.
The reduction In price of the rupee
below 1 shilling and 4 pence has greatly
demoralized trade in India.
Birmingham, England, has been suc
cessfully operating a storage battery
street railway system for over a year.
The Emperor of Russia is giving earn
est attention to the making of the rail
way between Moscow, St. Petersburg
A gun exploded on the French cruiser
Dugiiay Truin during target practice at
Sydney, N. 8. W., killing four men and
The first effect of closing Indian mints
to free silver coinage was to cost English
holders of Indian securities $150,000,000
by their immediate fall.
The German Anti-Slavery Committee,
which started on its career with a capi
tal of 2,0(10,000 marks, has ended In total
and irremediable collapse.
On many of the railways in Germany
the practice of starting locomotive fires
witli gas instead of wood has been
adopted, and proves economical.
Baron Alliert Rothschild has been
given the Iron Crown by the Emperor of
Austria for his part in carrying out the
Austro-Hungarian currency reform.
A new loud-speaking telephone has
been invented in England. The receiv
ing instrument is said to speak loud
enough to be heard all over the room.
The Turkestan Gazette says that the
Ameer of Bokhara has broken witli Mo
hammedan traditions, and will throw
open his country to Eurojiean civiliza
tion. An Englishman, whose will has just
been probated, left $50,000 to various
charities and the remainder of his es
tate $375,000 to Sir Henry Thompson,
The newest fashion among the ladies
at St. Petersburg is to arm themselves
with long canes when they go abroad.
Some of these canes measure six or seven
feet in length.
The diadem of the Russian Empress
contains 2.536 large diamonds and a sin
gle ruby valued at $400,000. The private
tewels of the Empress of Austria are
The London Times never prints pict-
ii res nr uses scare heads, but on the day
of the recent royal wedding it had a
llowery border a quarter of an inch wide
around each page.
France's. yinsvarJc -teys-jncarontly
completely recovered from the phyllox
era, and this year's grape crop is report
ed to oe tne nnest that has been gatn
erea in tnirty-dve years.
The Queen of Italy is taking her usual
annual holiday among the Alps. She is
attended only by two of her ladies in
waiting, and with them she proposes to
make an ascent of Monte Rosa.
Tho Italian government is likely to
order the suspension of the Uatholic pil
grimage to Rome in the event of the
cholera in f ranee, Hungary and other
countries continuing next month.
Miss Thornton, Queen Victoria's old
est servant, who has been state house
keeper at Buckingham Palace, has just
resigned at the age oi HO years. She has
been forty years in her Majesty's service,
The occurence of two cases of cholera
at Northafen, on the canal fed by the
Spree, leaves little doubt that the river
iB infected. The German government
has ordered the closing oi all river baths
At Montpelier, France, during mass
an elderly lady entered tho pew of Jean
Jouissant, a prominent lawyer, and shot
him four times, killing him. She claimed
he had refused to return a sum of money
intrusted to his care.
An agricultural writer reckons the loss
this year to the English farmer at It an
acre,'wliich means that the farmers have
upward of 70,000,000 less to Bpend than
they would have had if the crops hod
been up to the average.
Lady Dormer, the widow of the popu
lar General lately in command of the
British forces at Madras, announces that
Hhe is bringing home with her baggage
the head and tail of the ferocious Indian
tigress that killed her husband.
Naval people in England are begin
ning to ask whether the ram may not be
almost as dangerous to the ship which
bears it as to the ship rammed. It is
most certainly a less trustworthy weapon
than most persons have been led to sup
pose. In London some thousands of women
and girls belong to what are called drink
clubs, a small sum being paid by each
member weekly in order that several
times yearly all may meet at Borne pub
lic house and drink what has been con
When Miss Sybil Sanderson was sing
ing at Paris the other day she noticed a
child imitating her. As her song died
away she listened to the echo of the
child's voice, and was so fascinated by
its sweetness that she decided to educate
the little singer.
The Infanta Eulalia's spun-elass dress.
of which an American manufacturing
company made her a present while she
was the nation's guest, has aroused great
curiosity among the ladies of the Span
ish tourt, who very properly regard it
something very remarkable in the
way of feminine attire.
London is to have a tobacco show from
September 17 to October 7. a dahlia and
gladiola exhibition for three days in the
beginning of September, three chrysan
themum shows, one in October and the
others in the two succeeding months; a
raze bird show the last of October and
bull-dog show in November.
Riirht Honorable Henry Chaplin holds
the English government mainly respon
sible for the failureof the Brussels Mon
etary Conference, and charges that it
willfully threw away an opportunity for
promoting a settlement of the silver
question affecting all parts of the world.
The Russian Czarowitz has one good
reason why he can never marry the
Princess Victoria of Wales, with whose
name the gossips have connected his.
It is that they are first cousins, and the
marriage of first cousins is strictly pro
hibited by the canons of the Greek
Whiai-Valley, 02,'icj Walla Walla,
82'vc per cental.
HOPS, WOOL AND HIDSB.
Hops 'U2s, 10(3 10c per pound, accord
ing to quality; new crop, '03s, 16 17c.
Wool Umpqiia valley, 14(15c; fall
clip, 13(3 14c; Willamette valley, 10
12c, according to quality; Eastern Ore
gon, 6314o per pound, according to
Hmaa Dry hides, selected prime,
5(0c; green, selected, over 65 pounds,
4c; under 55 pounds, 3c: sheep pelts,
short wool, 80 (; 50c; medium, 60(g80c;
long, 90ca$1.25j shearlings, 1020c; tal
low, good to choice, 35u per pound.
FLOUR, FEKO, ETC.
Fiona Standard, $3.25; Walla Walla,
$3.25; graham, $2.75; super Hue, $2.50
Oats Old white, 40c per bushel ; old
gray, 30c: new white, 3c; new gray, 33
35c; rolled, in bags, $6.256.60; bar
rels, $0.60(40.75; cases, $3.76.
MiLLSTurvs Bran, $17.00; shorts,
$20.00; ground barley, 22(g23; chop
feed, $18 per ton : whole feed, barley, 80
86c per cental; middlings, $23(u;28
per ton ; chicken wheat, $1.05 per cental.
Hav Good, $1012 per ton.
' DAIBV PBODUCI.
BurriB Oregon fancy creamery, 253
2tl)icj fancy dairy, 206220; fair to
good, 10(t 17 'vc j common, 14(f(16c per
pound ; California, 3544c per roll.
Chkibc Oregon, 12c; California,
13(u)14c; Young America, 1510o per
Eoqb 15c per dozen.
Poulthy Chickens, old, $4.50(35.00;
broilers, $2.00(3)3.50; ducks, $4.00(3; 0.00;
geese, $8.00 per dozen; turkeys, live, 14c
per pound ; dressed, none in the market.
VKQKTABLES AND FKUITS.
Vkohtablks Cabbage, le per pound;
potatoes, Oregon, 75c per sack ; new on
ions, 1'ijC per pound; cucumbers, Ore
gon, 8q4 10c per dozen; string beans, 6
7c per pound ; tomatoes, 6075c per box ;
green corn, lUCoflzSjC per dozen; sweet
potatoes, zg(gjc per pound; egg plant,
$1.50 per box.
Fbuits Sicily lemons, $6.00(36.50 per
box: California new crop, $5.50(3)0.00
per box ; banan8, $1.503.00 per bunch ;
oranges, $3.00 per box ; pineapples, $6.00
per dozen ; California apples, $1.25(3)1.60
Ser bushel; Oregon, 50 (3; 75c; peaches,
regon, 50 (3 85c per box ; freestone, 85(3
90c per box; clingstone, 75(3800 per
box; Oregon peach plums, 4060c per
box; Bradshaw plums, 00(3 75c per
box j Bartlett pears, $1.25(31.60 per box ;
blackberries, 4(tf6c per pound; water
melons, $2.00(3)3.00 per dozen; canta
loupes, $1.26(31.50 per dozen; nutmeg
melons, $1.50 per box; huckleberries,
16c per pound ; grapes (Muscat and Rose
of Peru), $1.00 per box ; Tokay, $1.60
per box ; nectarines, $1.25 per box ; crab
apples, $1.25(3)1.50 per box.
Dbieo Fbuits Petite prunes, 10llc;
silver, ll12c; Italian, 13,'uc; German,
10011c; plums, 89c; evaporated ap
ples, 10(3 He; evaporated apricots, 12(3)
16c; peaches, 10(al2Jjc; pears, 7llc
CorrsE Costa Rica, 22c; Rio, 21c;
Salvador, 21 He ; Mocha, 25 30c ; Java,
24H30c; Arhuckle's and Lyon, 100-
pound cases, Zd.duc per pound; VJolum
bia. same, 23.30c
Honey Choice comb, 18c per pound;
new Oregon, l!R)c; extract, too.
8alt Liverpool, 100s, $16.00; 60s,
MH.50: Btock. 8.50(o:9.60.
Rice Island,$4.755.00; Japan, j
New Orleans, $4-60 per cental.
Hvtvu Hmntl wliifftfl. fllc r-lr-1
SKe: bayos, SVhna, 3$
SYBUPsidgm n barrels. 40(3550;
pran-barrels, 4257c; in cases, 35(3)
80c per gallon : $2.26 per keg: California,
in barrels, 20c10c pur gallon; $1.76 per
0, 6Jjc; con oct lone
Golden O. 8Ve: extra
octioners A. 6 Wc : drv orran-
mated, 6c; cube, crushed and pow
dered, 7jc per pound ; jo per pound
discount on all grades for prompt cash ;
maple sugar, 15(3) 10c per pound.
Canned Gooph Table fruits, assorted,
$1.75(82.00; peaches, $1.86(82.10; Bart
lett pears, $1.75(3:2.00; plums, $1.37)(3
1.60; Btraw berries, $2.26(3)2.45; cherries,
$2.25(3)2.40; blackberries, $1.85(32.00;
raspberries, $2.40; pineapples, $2.25(31
2.80; apricots, $1.66(82.00. Pie fruits,
assorted, $1.20; peaches, $1.25; plums,
$1.00(81.20; blackberries, $1.25(81.40 per
dozen. Pie fruits, gallons, assorted,
$3.15(33.50; peaches, $3.50(34.00; apri
cots, $3.504.00; plums, $2.75(83.00;
Meats Corned beef, Is, $1.50; 2s,
$2.40; chipped, $2.55(34.00: lunch
tongue, Is, $4; 2s, $6.75; deviled ham,
$1.76(82.15 per dozen.
Fish Sardines, Ha, 75e.$2.25; s,
2.15(34.50: blisters. $2.30(33.50: sal
mon, tin Mb tails, $1.25(3)$1.60; flats,
$1.75;2-lbs, $2.26(82.50; -barrel, $6.60,
BAGS AMD BAOOINO.
Burlaps, 8-onnce, 40-inch, net cash,
6c; burlaps. 10'1-ounce, 40-inch, net
cash, (I've; burlaps, lla-ounce, 45-inch,
7ic: burlaps, 16-ounce, 60-inch, 11c;
burlaps, ni-ounce, 7o-mcn, 14c; wheat
bags. Calcutta. 23x36. spot, 8c;
2-bushel oat bags, 7jc ; No. 1 second
hand bags, 7c ; Calcutta hop cloth, 24-
Tin I. C. charcoal, 14x20, prime qual
ity, $8.50(89.00 per box; for crosses, $2
extra per box ; I. C. coke plates, 14x20,
prime quality, $7.50(?8.00per box; terne
plate, 1. v., primi
prime quality, $0.607.00,
Nails Base quotations: Iron, $2.25:
steel, $2.36; wire, $2.60 per keg.
bteel rer pound, luxjc.
Lead Per pound, 4,l,c; bar,
Naval Stokkh Oakum, $4.50(85.00 Per
bale: resin, $4.80(86.00 per 480 pounds;
tar, Stockholm, $13 ; Carolina, $!) per bar
rel ; pitch, $6 per barrel ; turpentine, 66c
per gallon in car lots.
Ibon Bar. 2ic per pound: pig-iron.
$23(825 per ton.
LIVE AND DB ESS ED HEAT.
Beep Prime steers. $2.50(32.75; fair
to good steers, $2.002.50: good to choice
cows, l.&0(3Z.w; dressed oeei, j.ou(g
Mutton Choice mutton, $2.00(32.50;
dressed, $4.00r34.50; lambs, $2.00(32.50;
dressed, $6.00; shearlings, 2c, live
Hoos Choice heavy, o.uu?5.ou; me
dium, $4.50(36.00; light and feeders,
$4.600.00; dressed, S.uu.
Eastebn Smoked Meat and Labd
Hams, medium, uncovered, 15(816c per
pound; covered, 14(815c; breakfast
bacon, uncovered, lowic; covered, lo.f
0, 16c: short clear sides, 13(814c; dry
salt sides, 11,(3 12'c; lard, compound,
in tins, 10c per pound; pure, in tins, 13
14c; Oregon lard, u(aiz;ic
Lowering th Thermometer.
An usher at Centenary church at
Greene boro, N. C, got a little frus
trated one Sunday night recently,
but he did the best tiling that he
could under the circumstances. Tbe
room was excewdvely warm, and be
tried his level best to lower a window
from the top, but be failed. Then be
took down the thermometer and car
ried it out of doors. Everybody
cooled off at once. Atlanta Conau-tutloo.
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report
FAM AND GARDEN.
The Silo a Necessary Adjunct
to the Dairy.
SOME AGRICULTURAL POINTERS.
Something ConcerningSpecialty and
General Farming Lice and
Ticks on Sheep.
For years past there has been a great
leal said and written about snecialtv
and general farming, and more especial
ly during the last few years of discon
tent among the fanners, says a writer in
the Ohio Farmer. The difference be
tween specialty and general farming is
not great if the advocates of both sys
tems win put the same construction on
the word specialty. Whatever the word
may mean, I do not think its advocates
use it to convey the idea that a man to
be a specialist must confine his efforts to
only one crop or only one particular
branch of agriculture, and yet the advo
cates of general farming seem deter
mined that a specialist must confine
If to be a specialty farmer means that
a man must confine all his efforts to one
branch of agriculture, such as raising
nothing but wheat, corn, oats, potatoes,
hogs, horses, sheep, cattle or any partic
ular thing, then the less specialty farm
ing we have the better. Our brethren
in the South tried specialty farming, the
specialty being cotton, and it proved a
curse to them not only as individual
farmers, but as a people. But special
farming doesn't mean anything of the
kind; if it does, I have never seen a
modern specialty farmer, nor have I ever
read a line advocating such methods
from the moat enthusiastic specialist. I
believe I voice the sentiments of all spe
cialists when I construe it to mean a
system, a special system, or in other
words a special rotation or combination.
Thus a man may have one or more crops.
All bis etlorts and energies are centered
on that crop ; it is the primary object.
TIub crop may be potatoes. He may and
does raise clover, wheat and corn, yet ne
raiBes them only that they may be tne
means of holding or increasing the fer
tility in hie soil and stimulating it to its
best efforts to produce potatoes. While
he may raise other crops, they are Only
the means through which he expects to
gain certain enas in view, uiir speciu"?
,r iJa Ut. because I
"-.jutlo get our ground &M
Tiie imm W-tr4ncraaeack
to clover for hay and uPter i-vlie fer
tility in our land. We raise Corn because
it is the foundation of dairy feed. We
raise potatoes because they bring the
money witn wnicn to Duy bran and Un
seed meal. We keep a few hogs and a good
many chickens to eat our skim milk :
yet all our efforts are to make all the
butter we can. Everything rrown hv
this svstem or rotation. ATirentin hma
and chickens, goes into the mouths of
our cows. They are our machines for
converting our arm products into cash.
Butter !b our money cron and our ne-
cialty. So a man might, and I think
every farmer should, make some branch
of agriculture a specialty. I believe the
man that will take up some special sys
tem of farming or stock-raising and study
his ousiness and lollow it intelligently is
tne man wno win succeed, il is an ad
mitted fact that there is no monev in
general farming to-day. yet we see men
and read statements daily of men who
- ... i-: ... i. .. Tu.. . i
nic limning money uy unecmiiy lariiiuig,
nut uy growing one tiling, put uy some
THE NECESSARY SILO.
Practical dairymen are coming more
and more to the conclusion that the silo
is a necessary adjunct of the dairy.
There have been strong objections urged
against it. partly through prejudice.
partly because the methods of caring for
louder in this way were not thoroughly
understood. One bears and reads a good
deal less in opposition to the silo now
than two or three or even one year ago.
It has been discovered that asiloneed not
be a costly affair, and the proper mode
of filling it is much better understood
than formerly, so that the ensilage is of
very much better-quality. One of the
most careful dairymen in New England
is reported to have said recently that a
milk producer with all his capital and
labor dependent upon a large flow of
milk could not be subject to the whims
of the season and lose a large proportion
of his income because the usual quantity
of rain happened to be withheld. He
added that he must have a supply of en
silage the year round as an insurance
against drought and flood. This is the
case in a nutshell. It is a a ilea t ion of
dollars and cents. When the pastures
dry up in August, as nowadays they are
almost sure to do, the cows begin to
shrink in milk, and at the same time up
goes the price of butter, but the dairy
man who depends on pasture feeding is
powerless to take advantage of the rise.
It is then that the silo comes into play.
and the dairyman who has one smiles to
think he Is not dependent upon burnt
up pastures and a shrinking milk supply.
Dr. Price's Cream Baking
Is swiftly taking the place of the cheap adulterated Baking
Powders. The reasons for this are plain. It is the only Pure
Cream of Tartar Baking Powder having any considerable sale.
Price's Cream Baking: Powder
Works more quickly and does
Makes Hot Bread wholesome,
Biscuit white and flaky,
M Pastry of finest flavor,
M Cake that remains moist an
- dridd V cakes that delight v
LICE AND TICKS ON SHEEP.
An expensive experiment was made
by Prof. C. P. Gillette of the Colorado
experiment station on the prevention of
lice and ticks on sheep, which we give
as follows : After shearing the sheep an
emulsion, consisting of 8 per cent kero
sene, is made. Perhaps this may be
slightly weakened. - During the treat
ment a man should stand in the vat and
give each sheep a thorough drenching.
The emulsion should be kept well stirred
at all times. The cost of materials for
dipping fifty-eight sheep was $1.11. The
scab parasite, ticks, lice and maggots all
succumb to the destroying power of the
kerosene. The dip does not remain per
manently in the wool after drenching it:
it should, be renewed after each annual
shearing. Too much kerosene Is likely
to take off the wool ; hence it must, be
thoroughly emulsified. An emulsion
made at tne rate of two gallons of kero
sene, half a pound of soap and one gal
lon of water churned together, and added
to thirty or forty gallons of water after
churning, will be strong enough to ac
complish all that is desired.
HOW TOMH, - ,
It Is not cheap feeding to feed any
cheap crop that you may have handy.
Tbe only cheap feeding ia to feed in
such a manner as will secure the best
rowtb in the least time. In order to
o this you must have some knowledge
of the relative feeding value of the va
A Cruel Joka on a Married CoapU.
Lieutenant P. R. Brown, U. S. A., and
bride, who were married on Monday at
Pbillipsburg, were the victims of a ludi
crous practical joke at the hands of their
friends. They boarded the Pittsburg
day express, which reaches here about
6:80, and like most honeymooners tried
to look and act like old married people.
Meanwhile their baggage was holding
an impromptu reception in the baggage
car. There were three brand new trunks,
and upon one of them a huge card, care
fully painted, was tacked with large
brass tacks, with the inscription:
j aoNEVMootr bagoagb. j
; "Bride'i Trouwau." :
This was further ornamented with a
large bow of white satin. On the sec
ond trunk was a placard like thia:
j BANDLB WITH CABB. j
i "Just Married." ' 1
And another huge white satin bow. The
groom's trunk was spared a label, but .
the satin bow was a trifle larger and
more conspicuous than the others. .
"gKB a' vnougm, uwTimig- .
too good to keep to himself, so Win-
Of course everybody went through the
car to find the-young married couple,
and equally of course the young married
couple were easily found, and they won
dered, as the people smiled broadly
when they passed them, whether they
were more conspicuously married than
all the other young brides and grooms
that had lived and moved and had their
beings, or whether they were only suf
fering what thousands had done before
They never found out, and It i pre
sumed that the trunks thus belabeled
rolled np to all prominent. hotels and
gave the baggage smashers
To Eitlrifalih Pralrl ) Iran.
An inventive genius of North Dakota
has just patented a device for making a
fire break to fight prairie fires with. It
is a sheet iron contrivance five feet wide
and seven feet long and about two feet
high. On top of it are three circular reser
voirs for holding gasoline. Underneath
is arranged a series of burners designed
to set fire to the grass as the machine
passes over it. The main part of the ap
paratus is followed by a sheet iron trailer
in three sections, each five by seven feet.
While the first two of these are pass
ing over the grass it is supposed to bs
well consumed, and the final trailer it
designed to extinguish every particle of
fire. The invention is awakening much
interest among the ranchmen, many of
whom believe the machine will prove
impracticable because it will not securely
confine the fire and it will thereby cause
serious conflagrations. The inventor
claims it will safely burn a strip five
feet wide and twenty-five miles long in
one day. Four horses will be required
to draw the apparatus. New York Tele
Dinah Is fond of good living, but,
strange to say, has an intense dislike for
clams, and did not hesitate to make this
fact known when called upon to ask a
blessing. Dinah said:
"O Lord, Dress all dese good Tittles
all 'cept dem clams yon don't get any
of dem inter met Amen. "Harper's.
8nrveyors at work on the Gila ri va
in New Mexico claim that they have dis
covered a mountain of pure alum a mile
square at the base and 8,000 feet high.
finer work than other brands.