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About St. Johns review. (Saint Johns, Or.) 1904-current | View Entire Issue (May 27, 1910)
i j ii
WHY FRANCE ZS RICK.
AIIIS li tbo Mocca of forolgnors. They
1 como from all parts of tho world to enjoy
aa I Ufa In the great metropolis; and the year-
I M Uinm, frnm Oil. aniirit nfnnn nnnroxl.
fsWWHl mntcg $600,000,000. Along with this Item
IRHrtill th earnings of French capitalists on their
mtMiiir Inv.ilmnnta In the securities and DfOD-
ertlas of other countries amount to fully 1250,000,000
yearly. On tho othor side of the account Is an adverse
balance of trade which In 1907 amounted to $120,000,
000. Deduct this outgo from her Income of $850,000,
0C0, and It leaves France with $730,000,000 to the good.
Instead of getting an Income of $000,000,000 from for
eign tourists, tho United States par out at least f 160.
000,000 for the cxponses of American tourists abroad.
.Again, Instead of drawing $250,000,000 yearly from
foreign Investments, this country pays out $300,000,000
-to foreign Investors In our securities and properties. A
third factor Is tho army of aliens who flock here from
All parts of tho world to hoard up money, which thoy
tnku back to their own countries; this drain costs us
9300,000,000 moro. Add $100,000,000 more which wo pay
for ocean frolghts In foreign vessels, and the yearly out
jco Is $850,000,000. Deduct our yearly Income of $500,
000,000 for favorable trade balance, and It leavM ft year
ly deficit or $350,000,000. Moody's Magaslno.
CRIMINALS MADE BY THX LAW.
T IB cntlroly poulble that human law, since
Its Invention In tho dawn of civilization,
has made moro criminals than'orlglnal sin,
heredity or environment. Like all human
Institutions, It la born In Imperfectncss
and progresses slowly to perfection through
long and weary cycles of advancing civ
ilization. Within hlstorlo times criminal law has
changed Its spirit from bruto revenge and sordid com
pensation to that of detorrenco and provontlon, with
iiome dim notion of reform of tho criminal, llut It Is
allll crusted and barnacled, ospoclally In rvspoct of of
fonsos against property, with the gross brutalities and
blind prejudgments of Its barbaric origin. Thcso are
the agencies by which law makes criminals, begetting
progeny only to dovour them llko tho earlier god of a
Wo do not rcallso how many of these snvsgorles sur--vivo
In modorn law, how many human personalities aro
sacrificed to somo trivial fetich of property, until a flash
of romantic Interest like that In John Carter ro reals
tho possibilities of outrage and Injustice under tho law
of burglary wo have Inherited from Ilrltlsh feudalism.
The whole viewpoint of criminal law is slowly chang
ing, though tho fossils by whom It Is made In legisla
tures and administered In the court, nro naturally the
last to realize It Traditional law looked only at tho
particular offense charged or proved, measuring out pun
Isbraent for It by ancient standards without regard to
Aho human nature and capacities of the criminal.
The law of tho future will look flrst of all at these,
1 1 LEGAL INFORMAfioiT;
The applicant for citizenship In the
case ot In ro Knight, 171 Federal Re
porter, 209, was born upon a schooner
flying tho Ilrltlsh flag. In tho Yellow
Sea, off the roast of Ohlna. Ills father
vnt of English birth and parontngo;
his mother was Imlt Chinese and half
Japanese, having beon married to ap
plicant's father In Hlmtiuhal under
Ilrltlsh colors. Applicant was 43 years
Id, Intelligent, of Rood chnractor, and
had served sluco 1832 in tho United
Htntes navy, and hnd won a meilul for
nervlco on ths flagship Olympla In tho
tattle of Manila bay, The naturaliza
tion statutu applies to aliens, cither
whlto or of African nativity or do
eccnt. A person half whlto and half
somo other race belongs to neither of
those races, but is literally a half
breed, This holding would appear to
exclude mulattoes. Tho application
was rofusod by tho Fcdoral District
A woman of culture and refinement
having contracted anmsthetlo leprosy
while engaged In missionary work In
Brazil, was ordered removed by tho
city board of health to the city's pest
house, a structuro of four small rooms,
used theretofore for the Isolation of
negroes with smallpox, and situated
within 100 yards of the city garbage
heap, A distinguished specialist had
pronounced (ho Infection not con
tagious, and no evidence of contagion
had appeared, although complainant
had mingled freely with other people.
In Kirk v. Wyman, 05 Southeastern
Ileporter, 3S7, complainant Inslstod
that her condition did not Justify her
Immediate removal to tho poathotiao
until suitable accommodations were
provided for her, and applied for an
Injunction to restrain tho action of the
hoard. The South Carolina Supremo
Court, believing that the otttclal action
of tho bourd was so arbitrary and that
there was no adequate relief In a suit
for damages, maintained tho Injunc
tion. ' The case of United States Telephone
Co. v. Ceutral Union Telephone Co.,
171 Federal Iteporter, 130, Is a valuablo
itnd Interesting contribution to the law
Kovernlug tho rights of telephone com
panies as public servlco corporations.
The complainant company made con
tracts with several local companies, by
which It was agreed that thoy should,
Give long-distance connections to com
plainants and permit no connection
with any other company for a period
nt 99 years, Complainants alleged that
hreach of these, agreements was In
duced by the unlawful acts ot defend
ant, and prayed an Injunction restrain
ing further Interference with their
contract rights. Tho United States
Circuit Court draws a distinction be
tween tho telephone business and the
sleeping car business, in which It was
held In Chicago, St L. N. O. 11. Co.
. Pullman Co., 139 U, S. 79, 11 Sup.
Ct 490, 35 L, Ed. 97, that a contract
(or exclusive rights for tho term ot
fifteen years to furnish sleeping cars
to a railroad company was not invalid.
It is possible for all travelers to ob
taia like accommodations oa sleeping
ears, notwithstanding they may all bs
furglifisd by ft single company; but
Great Papers on Important
ploiting tho recently proved deposits of oro on a large
scalo. At present tho chief Canadian blast furnaces
draw most of tholr oro from Hollo Islo, In Conception
bay, near St. Johns, Newfoundland, Newfoundland is
very rich In Iron ores, and nearly 1,000,000 tons aro
raised annually, most of which Is used In Canada, but
onormous and rich reserves of hematlto oro havo beon
found In Now llrunswlck, within easy distance of large
coal fields. Deposits of huge quantity and high quality
havo also been proved in Ontario, Quebeo and Nova Sco
tia In the east, and In Vancouver and Drltlsh Columbia
In tho west. Recent Investigations conductod by the
department of mines, coupled with private prospecting,
Inspire the hope that Canada Is as rich In Iron and steel
making materials as the United Statos. Cassler's Magazine.
whero there are different telephone
companies, each having Its own list
of subscribers, it is Impossible to give
them like service unless each company
be allowed the right of connection
with the local exchanges. This being
tho case, the contraot In question
would nocossarlty provent local com
panies from carrying out to tho full
extent tholr duties as public service
corporations. Tho agreements wore
hold invalid and Injunction denied.
ENOUSH RANK NOTES.
I'nrluu Imloreiniil Mil ."Voir. Ara
Ilia l.tmr.l Sar la.unl.
Tho custom ot Indorsing English
bank notes, even when thoy pass In
somo trivial purchase, Is a surprlso to
most Americans who go abroad for tho
first tlmo. It Is an old custom and
ono which has led to many curious
Inscriptions on tho notes.
A debtor In prison wroto on tho
back ot a 10 note "Tho flrst debt I
have honestly paid for a year," while
a prodigal son turned tho tables
against himself when bo wrote on a
20 noto "The last of thousands left
by my father, who slaved to earn
In 1759 the Dank ot England began to
Issue 10 notes as well as 20, till then
exclusively used. It was not till thirty
years utter that 6 notes were brought
out, and In 1797 there were 1 and
3 notes, but they ceased In 1821,
owing to the Immense amount of
forgery they led to. says the Queen.
Hundreds it not thousands were
hanged for counterfeiting notes for
such siiiaII sums,
A curious bank noto designed by
Hone has prison chains across one
end, is signed by Jack Ketch, a row
ot malefactors hanglug with ropes
around their necks appears on tho face
and a series ot criminals' heads on
tho other sldo, together with the words
"Uutll the resumption ot cash pay
ments or the abolition of the punish
incut by death." Tho "" which in
tho corner usually preceded the
amount and vulue ot tho note was
formed of rope.
From April 5, 1829, the 5 note has
been the lowest procurable from the
Dank ot Englaud, .Of late tho desira
bility of once more Issuing the 1 note
has been discussed.
In 1827 a 1,000 note was the high
est, but 60,000 notes have been Issued,
and there Is a story of a certain trades
man keeping such a one by htm as a
curiosity, while a gentleman framed
ono, which his executors promptly
cashed at his death. There Is a fam
ily tradition about the visit ot a cer
tain church functionary at a house
when some dlsputod point had to be
settled by reference to the Ulble, and
tho ono belonging to the deceased
mother was brought down from a
shelf, dusty and unused, but within
was found a note for 40,000.
The Dank of England note ot to-day
has taken some tlmo and many inven
tions to bring it to Its present condi
tion. Tho numbering machine was
first employed In 1809, steel-plate en
graving was supplanted by tho aldero
graphlo machine, and that by electro
type surface printing. Tha great aim
Is to prevent forgery, the paper em
ployed being unique and the water
mark and private marks are all la fa
vor ot the banker.
A naa Is never quite so phllosopal
I cat a v)in he is) be lag placata.
secluding for llfo ths habitual and Incurable criminal
whenever caught, for a small offenso or none at all,
but giving the perpetrator of whatever offense the full
advantage of wbatover latent capacities for reform his
naturo may contain. That law will gradually extinguish
old criminals without making new ones. Minneapolis
MARY WOH'T PRODUCE THE PROOFS.
EAHY'S refusal to submit his proofs to
Congress or to scientific bodies other thai
the National Qoographlo Society ought to
dispose of tho bill to retire him with in
creased rank and pay. The excuse of con
tracts with publishers Is not sufficient
Peary might submit his proofs without
tholr being used to the detriment of himself or pub
lishers, and ho might fortify his position by submitting
them to the University of Copenhagen and geographical
societies of Europe Dut ho evidently doesn't choose to
do so, and bo is giving rise to doubU of the success of
Peary entirely overlooks his obligations to the Unites
States govornmcnt. He has dovotcd tho best of thir
teen years to polar expeditions, and all tho while he
has beon drawing a salary as commander In the naval
sorvice. In other words, he has been given almost con
tinuous leave of absence for thirteen years for prose
cuting his personal plans and has drawn pay from the
United States for so doing. Though far from the re
tiring age, ho wants to rotlro with tho rank of Rear
Admiral of tho first class and draw still higher pay
for life, no that he may proceed to cash In at high rate
tho results of his work on Undo Barn's time. Houston
IRON DEPOSITS IN CANADA.
T IS now known positively that Iron ores
abound In practically every province of
Canada. Only eight Iron mines are In op
eration, and only ono of these Is producing
as much as 100,000 tons of oro In a year.
It Is true; but active preparations are bo
Ing made In tho eastern provinces for ex
NEW PLOXA FOR AN ISLAND.
Start of Vasratallaa aa m iMrm
Duration ot I.I fa of Sean.
In 1883 the Island ot Krakatoa, in
the Sunday stratt, was covered to a
depth ot thirty-two yards with lava by
a tremendous volcano outburst. An In
teresting botanical problem was sug
gested, the London Olobe says. Here
was an area ot now rock absolutely
devoid ot plant life. How would It be
reconquered nnd rcpeopled by the vege
table World? So at the suggestion of
Treub tho Island has bean kept undor
observation since 1880.
In that year It was found that those
simplest of all plants, tho so-called
blue-green nlgw, had formed thin, black
Alms ovor tho surface. In this a num
ber of ferns and a few flowering plan's
had established themselves. Ily 1897
tho Island was covorcd with a charac
teristic shoro vegetation, Including a
species of Ipomuea. Ferns predomi
nated and thore were very few shrubs
and no trees. Tho latest expedition
reports 137 species of plants belonging
to all tho principal groups. Ferns are
no longer dominant and tho forests are
In a recent lssu.o ot the "Proceed
ings ot the noyal Society," J. White
gives the' results ot some Interesting
experiments on tho ferments and latent
life ot resting seeds. That the sub
stance of germinating seeds undergoes
a process of fermentation by which it
Is rendered suitable for the nourish
ment of the embryo is Veil known.
This is Illustrated by the change of the
starch of tho barley seed Into sugar
during the process ot malting. It Is
not, however, known whether germina
tion can tako place In the absence ot a
ferment. Mr. White, however, fluds
that the fermcuta In tho seeds may
retain their activity long after the
power of germination has been lost,
Tho ferment in a seed may retain Us
power for twenty years or more.
The seeds specially studied by Mr.
Whlto wore wheat, barley aud other
cereals. He finds that the duration of
the powor of germination varies much,
In rye It is about Ave years, but In
wheat from oleven to sixteen. No seeds
which had lost their power of germi
nating could be induced to grow by
adding a ferment. And If this was
added to one germinating feebly, tho
growth was retarded.
If further proof were wanted that
the stories of wheat germinating after
lyng for thousands ot years In Egyp
tian tombs have no foundation In fact,
It Is supplied by Mr. White's deter
mination that the life of a wheat seed
is only from oleven to sixteen years.
To the Crltla lllsher Vp.
There may be small excuse for It,
You may have little use for It,
And curl your super-story Up In su
You may regard It banefully,
And pass It up dlsdalnfulty,
Out when It gets the money wotlntj
have you to say?
"It's a funuy thing."
"1 live on ths ninth floor and the
Janitor lives In the basement, yet he
Is Immeasurably above me," Bir
In buying a gentle horse, always re
member that a gentle horse la a Uay
R. 3. Macredy, who has written tha
Volume called ."Health's Highway," Is
an apostle of the open air life and a
fine oxample of the benefits to bo
derived from It. He camps out at
night all the year around and spends
a large portion of his time in the
cycle saddle or at the wheel of a motor
car touring through ho most beauti
ful parts of Ireland. As a result of
many close observations of the effects
of rational physical training and
simple, well chosen foods, he has pub
lished a hook on the subject
Dr. S. Weir Mitchell In an unusu
ally frank prefaco to his latest vol
ume of poems, "The Comfort of the
Hills," says: "In the year 1882 I
printed the flrst of six small volumes
of verso. The editions of each
wore limited to 200 or 300
copies, with an average sale of
salo of about fifty copies. Having gen
erously given away tha rest I am
amused to find theso volumes ara bow
sought for by the collector of first edi
tions asd are occasionally bringing
absurd prices. This present collection
Is the only on I have not paid for out
right and is a venture ot my publish
ers, which speaks well for their cour
age." "Simon Dm Jester," William J.
Locke's new novel, has for Its central
figure oho Simoa de Oex, M. P., who
having met life with a happy and se
rene philosophy is suddenly called
upon to faco death. With reckless and
careless gaiety he Jests at death un
til he discovers thst destiny Is a great
er Jester than he. The heroine ot
tbo story Is Lola Brandt, an ex-tralnor
ot animals, An Important figure In
tho story Is a dwarf, Prof. Anastaslus
Papadopoulos, who has a troupe of
performing cats. Tho story Is written
In the qulotly humorous and whimsi
cal stylo which lends distinction nnd
cbaractor to the stories of Locke, and
tho scenes aro laid in London and In
Halllo Ermine Rlvca, whoso latest
romance "The Kingdom of Slender
Swords," Is now among tho "six best
sellors," Is tbe wlfo of Post Wheeler
who was second secretary to tho
Amorlcan Embassy In Japaa and quit
that post to becomo flrst secretary at
St. Petersburg, Mr. Wheeler was well
known ss an author and It will be re
called that hs was Tlssot's model for
the Christ Mrs, Wheeler uses her
maiden nam as a pen name. She Is a
Kentucky woman and a oousia ot Arae
llo Rives Princess Troubetxkoy. This
story of "Ths Kingdom of Slender
Swords" Is said to contain a slightly
disguised portrait of Lafcadlo Hears
In ths mysterious rectus whom she
calls Aloyslus Thorn.
"Ths Autobiography of a Clown,"
soon to be puMleaeeV ia tbe true lite
story of Jules Turaour, head clown
ot the Itlngllng Circus. He was bora
In a circus wsgon la Spain, appren
ticed to a family ot acrobats when he
was 0 and soon afterward made bis
first appearance In public In London.
His career spans tho history of the
modorn circus and he has porformed
In nearly every civilized country. He
Is a member ot a well-known circus
family, two of his sisters being tropozo
performers, whllo a brother Is a bare
back rldor. Dusptto the fact that ho
Is nearly CO he Is still active. Tho
author of this true story of an inter
esting career Is Isaac F, Marcoison.
A DISTINCT RACE SPIRIT.
In Moit Every Llna of Aellrltr )
.ro la Geltlasr Foutaolil.
It Is not short of astonishing, In
deed, to discover how far tho negro
has been ablo to develop In the 40-odd
years slnco slavery a dtstinct race
spirit and position, writes Ray Stan
nard Baker. It Is pretty well known
that ho has been going into business,
that he Is acquiring much land, that
he has many professional men, that
he worships In his owa churches asd
has many schools which be conducts
but In other lines ot activity he Is also
gaining a foothold. For instance, 1
was surprised at Hading so many
negro theaters In tho country thea
ters not only owned or operated by
negoes, but presenting plays written
and acted by negroes.
As another Illustration, the exten
sive organization of negro lodges of
Efts and Masons and other secret
orders, many ot them with clubhouses,
might be mentioned, Attention might
lo called to the almost Innumerable
Insuranco societies and companies
maintained by negroes, the largest ol
which, The True Reformers, of Rich
mond, baa over 50,W members, and
tho the growth ot agro newspapers
and magazines (there aro now over
200 In the country), hat enough has
been said, perhaps, to make tbe point
that there has bees a real develop
ment ot a negro spirit and self-coa-sclousness.
Ot course signal successes
loom large among tho 10,000,000 of the
country and yet they show ths possi
bilities; there Is tha hopeful side ot
negro conditions, ta this country as
well as the dark sad evil aspects of
which we hear all toe much.
Or ScraatMa4 It.
Shirts ot the "boiled" variety aro
often very refractory, and It takes
more than courage aad patience to put
ono on. Mr. Jones.'eae even lag. strug
gling Into his. waleb waa fresh from
the laundry, remark4 to Mrs. Joaes
that It was a foolish oastom, this wear
ing of stiff shirts. A writer ia Tit-Bits
tells the story.
"We've got pleaty at ume, aear,"
said his wife. "I t the oalr trou
ble is that the girl balled It a, little
too long." ,
"Looks to me as K.aae aa fried It!"
said Mr. Jones, as Ma head eawrgod.
link av MaaUC
Though sorrows fsMaw thick aad fast
And trouble IrtMM mvics,
fellow feels ssjf' fro at last
Whn'i taken oST-Ms kSaVlaS.
Birmingham Aa W-
No aaaa ever said a wares
aagel, who 414 art h baits
VOTRINO NEW UNDER THE SUV,
Haar "lavanHona" Imnrovamanta
on Thlns-s Balatlns? Lonsr Ao.
There is no new thing under ths
sun. Many of our boasted new "In
ventions" ars simply second editions
pf things which were Invented a thou
sand years ago, Pearson's Weekly
The taxlcab Is by no means a new
Idea. A German professor has writ
tea a letter to the Frankfort Gazette,
In which he says he has discovered
that Vltruvlus, ths Roman historian,
describes a taximeter cab in use la
Rome the yer 79 A. D.
The mechanism of ths taximeter
caused a stone to drop Into a box
tinder the carriage every , thousand
paces. At the end of the journey ths
driver counted tie stones which had
fallen into tbo box, and in this way
was able to calculate tho fare.
Within the last fifty years an En
glishman produces a particular kind
of pin, which he callej a "safety"
pla. For this admlrablo service to
mankind h was highly honored and
fetes and favors have showered upon
However, when some one was pok
ing about among the ruins ot Pompeii
thoy cams upon a large numbor ot
bronze safety pins They were quite
up-to-date pins, too. There was a
colled spring at one end and a catch
at ths other Just llko those In con
stant use at ths, present day.
Thimbles bars been found In pre
historic mounds and combs and hair
piss wers la sxlstenc before ths
Christian era. It Is guessed with
some certainty that the flrst needle
must have been threaded by a thrifty
housewife about 6,000 years ago.
Ths combination locks ws uso to
day, which can -only be opened by a
combination of certain numbers and
letters, were well known and used ex
tensively by the Chinese many centu
ries sgo. -
In China, too, they Illuminated tholr
houses a couplo of thousand years ago
with natural gas, which was conveyed
to the consumer's house by means of
It Is calculated that somo short
hand systems go back to somowhoro
about E00 D. C. At any rato, thoro
seems no doubt that the orations of
Cicero wero written with as much
skill and rapidity as ths modorn sten
ographer could boast.
The ancients knew about electricity
and, though ws usually credit Watts
with tho discovery of steam ns a mo
tive power, Nero of Alexandria de
scribed machines driven by steam
2,000 yesrs before Watts was born.
This samo gentleman Invented , a
double-force pump, such as Is used
nowadays as a flro engine, and ho an
ticipated tho modorn turblns wheel.
PACE THAT WAS TAMILIAR,
qatta Rare aha HaS Mat ho Umm
and So Bba Reallr
Two richly dressed young girls
whose breeding snd besuty would pass
unquestioned anywhere wsrs among
tho crowd at aa exhibition of paint
ings last week. Suddenly ths taller
of them lifted her ayes and exclaimed
to her companion, as she csught sight
of a man entering the room: "Why,
there's some one I ought to know resl
She was looking directly at a man
who had not yet seen her, -says tho
New York Press. He was well worth
looking at strong, broad of shouldor,
fair as a Norseman, with an air far
mors material than artistic. The girl's
steady eyes compelled the man's gaze.
As their glances met she bowed. He
lookod surprised, but made no re
sponse. She bowed again with gentle
Insistence, smiling the while. He was
almost up within touch of her as be
returned her greeting with seeming
protest at doing so. A sudden pressing
together of the crowd brought them
close to each other, and she purred
up to bin.
"Don't you think that on the aver
age' this year's exhibition Is an Im
provement on the lastT" she asked.
"I don't know, Miss Klrkle," be re
turned, simply, with a shyness of man
ner that seemed strangely enough un
suited to so superb a physical speci
men. "I'm no judge. I Just came la
Just because I was given a ticket"
"Y-e-sT" she drawled out Then hur
riedly, as she put out her bsnd, which
be failed to see: "You really will par
don me, won't youT But I can't recall
wbera I .met you or anything even
your same has slipped my memory.
And yet I ought to know It, sines
you haven't forgotten mine, I see. Aad
your face la so familiar!"
She broks off and looked up at him
with eager expectance, as though shs
were questioning him. Finally hs
broke what promised to be an Icy si
lence. "Yes, miss, you used to see me ve,ry
often when you lived In the apartment
on 72d street I waa I still am tht
Tha Coat'a Wife.
The wife of the poet, biographies show
It, has happiness rich and rarn;
n rapturous revel he deigns to dls
hevel her carefully done back
Hs calls her to listen, with glances
that glisten, to songs ot his sen
While she Is discerning by odors ot
burning, that cook, with her
fancies of penny romances. Is
rinding a Heavtn with X17, and
dlnntr Is dona to a coal I
Adrian Ross. In Housa Beautiful.
t Pardla'a Panaeaa.
Tom Purdle, aa old man servant la
Sir Walter Scott's household, used to
tslk ot the famous "Waverley Novels"
as "our books." aad.ssld that the read
ing ot them was the greatest comfort
"Whenever I am off my 'sleep," hs
confided to James Skene, the author
ot "Memories ot Sir Walter Scott," "I
have oaly to take oae of ths novels,
aad before I have read two pagsa It Is
sura ta set me asleep."
Mrs, Marsh Aro you, gel sg ta vats
Mrs. Mallow No. They say Us other
mast la much asttsr look lag. SK. Loals
It may as that a saaa aasrt a4
sUad wasaaavaat hs taaraa to at
afraid aj'tfcasm a as taaraa4 awat
ZJHla Nell of Karragaasett Bar,
Oh, well do I remember
My boyhood's happy hours,
The cottage and the garden
Where bloomed the fairest flowers
The bright and sparkling waters
O'er which we ustd to sail,
With hearts so gay, tor mites away,
Befors ths gentle gals.
Toll, toll ths bell,
At early dawn pt day,
Tor lovely little NeH,
So quickly passtd away;
Toll, toll the bsll.
So sad and mournfully,
For brlghl-syed, laughing little Nell
Of Narragansett Bay.
Oh, I had a dear companion,
But she Is not with mo now;
The Illy of the valley
Is waving o'er her brow,
And I am sad and lonely,
Weeping all the day;
For bright-eyed, laughing little Nell,
Of Narragansttt Bay.
Oh, I loved the little beauty,
And my boat was all my prldej
And with Nell close'besldo me.
What Joy the foam to ride;
She would laugh in tones so merry
To see tha waves go hi,
As wildly blew the stormy wind,
Or murky was the sky.
Though lightning flashed around us,
And sll wss dark snd drear,
Ws loved the brave old ocean,
And never dreamed ot tear;
The hours bounded onward,
Ths boat dashed through the fpray,
Willi bright-eyed, laughing little Nell
Of Narragansett Bay,
But one day from us she wandered,
And was aoon within the boat;
The cord waa quickly loosened
As out the tldo did float;
The little bark flew lightly
And swept before the wind,
Till land and home and friends so de
Were many miles behind.
Next day her form all lifeless
Was washed upon the beach;
I stood and gaxsd upon It
Bereft of sense snd speech;
TIs years since thus we parted,
But still I weep to-day,
s"or bright-eyed, laughing little Nsll
Of Narragansstt Day.
BOW ENOLAND OOT IN DEBT.
Was ha Oatcoaie of 93 Years'
Slrasala With franee.
Tos Lloyd-George progrsm of pub-llc-flnance,
whoso promulgation a year
ago precipitated tho most remarkabls
fiscal controversy In ths history of
modern Englsnd, wss ths logical out
come of a situation which hss long
been In process ot development. Speak
ing brosdly, ssya Frederlo Austin Ogg
la ths Amerlcsn Review 'of Rsvlsws,
It waa during England's twenty-two-year
contest with republican Franca
and with Napoleon thst ths nation was
started upon tbe career of Indebted
ness, public sxpendlture snd augmeat
ed taxation which has led straight to
tha, fiscal complications ot ths prsssat
Ths struggls with the French was
easily ths costliest ot all modern wsrs.
Upon It Great Britain expended ths
sum ot 831,500.000, ($1,157,000,000)
very much mors than ths aggregate
outlay of the nation upon all other
wars In which It has bad a part sines
the times ot Oliver Cromwell Tbe
consequence was threefold, In ths
flrst place tho national debt, which In
1793 stood at 237,000,000, was aug
mented by upward ot 622,000,000. In
tho second place thero was a great
leap upward on tho part of the ordi
nary recurring expenditures. After
1815 tbe army and navy called for an
outlay of from three to four times ths
amounts allocated to these services la
Pitt's frugal budget prior to ths war;
while the annual Interest charge upon
the debt had come to be no leas than
32,000,000, or upward of twice ths
total public expenditure for all pur
poses la 1792. A third consequence of
ths war outlay was ths piling up of
taxation beyond all precedent, so that
a yield of 19,M0,000 In 1792 bad besa
raised by 1815 to 74,500,000. Aad al
though after the restorattoa ot peaca
there wss some remission ot taxation,
so that by 1818 the yield hsd beea re
duced to 69,500,000, far ths larger
part of the burden Imposed by .ths
costs of ths French wars has been car
ried by tho taxpayer ot tho realm
from that day to this. But for Interest
charges imposed by Caraperdown aad
Trafalgar and Waterloo, Mr. Lloyd
George would havo had ampls means
a year ago for the paying ot pensions
to ths aged ana the building or new
Dreadnoughts without the necessity of
additional taxation at all.
OI Man Mara.
John Hare, tbe eminent English
actor-manager, said that tbe most de
lightful compliment hs aver received
was from Mr. Glsdstoae. It was a
double-ended compliment Whichever
way you took It it wss satisfactory.
Mr, Hare earned fame playing old
msa's parts, his character aa Mr. Gold
by la "A Pair of Spectacles" being a
good example. Added to this was a
horror of having his picture taken.
Mr. Gladstons had never sesa a pic
ture of ths actor, but ho knew him
well behind ths sceaes aa well as fes
ters taa footlights. Ths premier's fa
vorlte plsy waa "A Pair ot Spsctaclas,'
and hs always went behlad ths aceasa
ta chat a whlls with ths actor, Tha
really old maa aad tho made-up old
man would sit thero aad talk la ths
most delightful way for aa hour after
Oas day the Earl of Rosebery had
Mr. Glsdstoae to dinner, aad ho also
lavlted his frlsad J oka Hare. Tha
actor cams la smooth-shaved, looking
about thlrty-Iye. Hs wss proeoated ta
Mr. Glsdstoae, aad the prim ailalstsr
shook his hand moat aarsMally aad
"My 'dear sir, I am Tory, Tory glad
ta meat you. I know your lather vary,
vary wslL SalaadM astorl Flas aid
It took taa vaalt srsatag far tha
aari aad Mr. Hars ta aaatiaoa alas
that taa soa waa raatsy ts
la bad Isr Ua
aa4 aa ta ft
COLLIER & COLLIER
Rooms In Holbrook Building. :
Sc. Johns, .... Oregon
JOSEPH McCHESNEY, M, D.
Physician and Surgeon.
DayANIghtOfflcoin McChesney bile
Fhona Jm7 Ml.
kts. MM Stnq 1571. OsVs Kan ktwj 121
ALBERT CAREY, M. D.
rtaldtnc Ka Fauendtn 8traot ,
Oflcetlouns 10a.m. tolp. m.,1 to8p. n.
ST. JOHNS, OREGON.
Daniel O. Webster, A. B. M. D
Residence, 697, Dawson Street
OfTlce, Filter Block.
UnKcrsky Park, Portland, Oregon.
Office Phono Richmond 51
First Nationat Bank building.
ST. JOHNS, OREGON.
DR. W. L HARTEL
Phono Richmond 201
Holbrook Block - St Jahaa
Phono Jersey 921 Holbrook Block
DR. J. VINTON SCOTT
Open Evenings and Sundsys by Ap
pointment Offlco Phono Woodlawn 703
Res. Phono Woodlawn 1C5S
D. E. HOPKINS
Offlca Hminl From ( ta 12 m 1 to t p. m.
7 lot p.m.
C82 Dawson street, University Park
Phono Jcrsoy 1671 Hours: 2 to 0 p. m.
ST. JOHNS PIANO SCHOOL
Mrs. IMt WeHs Carey
902 Fessenden St ST. JOHNS, OftC
H. 8. Hewitt E. S. Wrioht
111 BUM St. 604 8. Hra
HEWITT & WRIGHT
CONTRACTORS and BUILDERS
Estimates and Flans Furnished
Haasas far Sate. ST. JOHNS, Oftf.
J. R. WEIMER
Transfer and Storago
Wo deliver your goods to and from
all parts of Portland. Vancouver. Linn
ton, Portland and Suburban Express
Co., city dock and all points accessibla
by wsgon. Piano and furnXurs moving
a specialty. 109 E. Burlington; phone
Bk. LAUREL LODGE
No. 186 I. O. O. T.
ST. JOHNS, OftCGON
Moots each Monday evening in Odd Fel
lows' hall, at 8.-00. Visitors welcomed.
W. J. Ossw, K. C C r. bas, SientHy
HOLMES IOOGC NO. 101
KNIGIITS OT PVTHUI
MmU .v.rr Friday nlht at
7:30 o'clock at I. O. O. IS
HalL VUlton always Wal.
A. CARL MCISON, C C,
c. c rHjautar, k. a. s.
IC LOOGC NO. 133
r. anal A. M.
at and third Wad.
lys of each month
. . .. . ww. . vimif. .Ml.
E. S. Harrington, Allen R. Joboa.
CAMP 773 W. O. W.
J. A. Colo, C. C.
W. Scott Kellogg, Clerk
SaetM fertile Chaiccst Cuts f
the Bast MaaU OtoabMbfe.
OroW rases! asai raaV Trees SeJJcaeg.
T. P. WARD, PrtjfMi'atar.
St Johns Sand
and Gravel Co.
We are prsasrad to da aay aasl
taissaaef exaaraaaagfer attest
work aad ether yarpeasa. Wa
also hastate sidewalk asai
, v. - M w