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About Portland inquirer. (Portland, Or.) 1944-194? | View Entire Issue (March 22, 1946)
Friday, March 22. 1946
P a s« Savan
PO R TLA N D INQUIRER
show it in everything they do, to the mines immediately. Pay
“The few main streets that ask for a raise.
and yet they don’t go so far as to ing people in food and goods, in have been built in Chungking re
“ Don’t you thing I should get a
spoil the children.
cidentally, is being done all over cently are wide enough for two little more than fifteen dollars a
“W e were then taken through China since the currency there cars to pass comfortably, that is week, with my room and board?”
if cars were all you had to pass. he asked.
the dormitories. In the doimitor- is still very unstable.
His boss was a big beetle-brow
ies we saw three tiers of shelves
With the Kailan mines work But the streets are crowded with
for sleeping; the Chinese can ing, the railways needed to bring rickshaws, carts, men carrying ed m ,n. When he looked at Bill,
store more people in less space the coal from the mines to ship- heavy loads suspended on poles all the wrinkles in his forehead
sedan grew deep with astonishment.
than anyone else in the world. side were found incapable of across their shoulders,
The school had about twenty carrying the increased load and chairs, horses, ponies, mules and “A in 't I giving you the chance to
who U N R R A ’s iob was to provide people everywhere. Hence, when take care of all my trucks?”
“That’s just what I ’m saying,”
taught calisthenics and dance more rolling stock for this one two cars meet, an unaccustomed
steps. The teachers live at the line track. Shipping the coal to Westerner is often tempted to Bill replied. “ I ’m taking care of
school, are given a rice allotment Shanghai’s industry presented scream with fright. Before the all your trucks and I think it’s
and their sleeping quarters; and additional problems but a good first of the year, driving on the worth more money.”
“ Well, look—you ain’t gettin’
in the morning they do all their deal of this was tackled by the left hand side of the street was
chores out of doors, winter as US N avy which provided ten the theory, put in practice they more money. If I wanted to pay
Liberty Ships while the British actually did their driving on the higher wages I wouldn’t have
w ell as summer.”
also helped in the shipping. The right and passed each other on hired a ‘nigger’ in the first place.”
Shanghai Appears Alive
So Bill left. You can’t work for
result of the receipt o f coal in the left. Hence, when two cars
Again, But Is Crippled
Shanghai looks like any mo Shanghai were immediately no met there was a contest to see a man after something like that.
dern western cliy. Superficially ticeable in that electric lights who could force the other to Probably the boss was cussing
there appears to be almost no and streetcars and some factories yield the most ground. Finally, him for a shiftless nigger right
they'd yield that one-half inch now— wouldn’t stick on a job—
damage from the war, but the city could begin operation.
During the occupation the Chi and go careening by. But w alk hadn’t any pride in his work!
is definitely run down. The oc
But there was lots of work to
cupying Japanese not only failed nese in Shanghai crawled into ing around downtown Chungking
to carry on mainteinance work, their shells, staying home, keep is fascinating. I f you stop to be done these days. B ill got him
they systematically stripped the ing alive as best they could, try make a purchase, you are gener self a job running a Bulldozer in
large buildings of all movable ing desperately to avoid any ally surrounded by a sympathet Washington D. C. He liked to
metal parts and equipment. Still contact with the enemy. Today ic crowd eager to offer good ad clear the ground with the big
Shanghai is a metropolitan cen they are coming out of their vice and lessons in bargaining. machine. It gave him a feeling of
ter filled with great activity, shells into a strange new world, If you get ’ost and ask for street power to make the Bulldozer push
hoards of people, European refu getting together for the first directions, local policemen w ill the big hills around. Maybe he
gees, Allied soldiers and sailors, time, hungry for information and wave you on one way or another wondered if someday, someone
shops wherein you can buy prac knowledge, enxious to overcome with great authority, whether would invent a machine to clear
tically anything— if you can pay four years completely blacked they understood your question or away the debris of human minds
the fantastic prices; the electric out of their lives. Even though not. And wherever you go, on filled with selfishness and prejud
lights are on, the streetcars are they are well educated,, Shang foot or in a jeep, the children ice.
He didn’t know it, but Bill San
moving hai doctors and hospital workers shout “Haw bu Haw” and grin
ders was helping to build one
through the streets, sometimes on having been completely out of for all they’re worth.”
such machine. For today, on the
rickshaws, sometimes on carts touch with the world, not only
ground Bill helped to clear
pulled by human power, Arm y had none but were totally un NEGRO VETERAN
stands the sprawling Pentagon
trucks and U N R R A trucks are aware of modern drugs like pen
(Continued from page 4)
Building, nerve center of the
packed to capacity, public vehicl icillin, sulpha, and the like. Or
es are invariably so overcrowded ganized lectures to bring China Bill Sanders’ brain. He packed up United States Army.
So Bill kept running the mach
that people are hanging on the up to date in medical informa and got out.
Bill toured the South, working ine, helping to build America, as
outside, everywhere men, women, tion are going on constantly. UN
children carrying heavy bundles R R A technicians as well as Arm y on farms and doing odd jobs to did his father and his grandfath
keep going. But he couldn’t stay er before him. But he didn’t
men are trying to help.
from one place to another.
away from machines. Finally, he think of that. He just let the roar
Doorway Sleepers Bedded
Chungking Is A Completely
took a job as chauffeur for a man and chatter o f the Bulldozer fill
Down For The Night ___
There were beggars in Shanghai
Chungking is one of the most and woman with a limousine. He his ears and heard no other
before the war, but those condi beautifully
in didn't know anything about the sound until there came a noise
job when he took it, but it turned that was heard in every home, in
“But Johnny Wang was hired. 1 had never been 50 imPressed tions cannot compare with condi- China but is completely unlike
out to be a break. It looked like every office, shanty, and man
We soon learned his story— a bef»re-
a real break, at first.
sion that is in America___
Shanghai. Built very high on a
story like any number of others. Hearty Applause Greets
His new boss owned a traveling
1 persons to such an extent that its hill at the meeting point of two
He had come from somewhere PuPR With Correct Answer
circus with a fleet o f twelve
When William Sanders receiv
near Shanghai where he, his
“We visited the first grade to normal population o f three-and- rivers, the Yangtze and Chialing,
trucks for touring. When Bill ed his induction notice he w a s '
brother and his mother and fath- begin with. There the teacher one-half million has swelled to means that walking in Chung
king is rather climbing from lev demonstrated his mechanical a- not happy. He felt the American
er had been caught in the Japa- was drilling them on characters. iive million,
bility, he was put in charge of Negroes were once again being
nese advance in November, 1944. She had a lot of enthusiasm and
“ ^ r a c°ld winter’s night in el to level. In 1937 the city was
maintenance of the trucks. As he asked to right for freedoms in
His parents had been killed but reaRy know how to handle the Shanghai," writes the Director of almost totally destroyed. Chung
worked, he learned and grow con
he had come through with his kids-
Oblivious of us, she would U N RRA in China, “in the four or king has been completely re
(Continued on page 8)
fident in himself.
young brother A fter many trials b°ld up a card with a character j five blocks between U N R R A ’s of- built. Before 1937 there was just
and hardships, he arrived in j o n R and as*c w bo could identify f ‘ce and my hotel in what is real- one small road through Chung
echoing from abroad, B ill felt he
Chungking where he succeeded 1R- Twenty or thirty hands would ,y the best part of the city, I find king, for the rest only steps and
had gained enough experience to
in getting his brotner into an or shoot into the air and she would PeoPle bedded down for the night footpaths and alleways winding
down through the town and climbing
phanage; but they would not ac call upon one. Rising the addition-1 *n doorways.
cept Johnny, he was too old, their al three or four inches that it re- means that each man or woman up the endless hills. A t present,
resources were too limited to quired for him to be standing he or »bild who is fortunate enough there are roads in Chungking
permit it. Thus Johnny was left would name the character. I f he *° have one, has spread out his permitting cars and trucks to
was right, as he always seemed to Rttle straw pad and few rags on drive through. But the new
Thousands o f couples are weak,» wonwnlt, ex
be, the class would break into *be concrete steps and gone to buildings are still very llimsy, hausted solely because body lacks Iron. For new
O B W U IirB
vim. vitality, try Ostr«x Tonic Tablets. Contain*
10 K t . S oU d G o ld
you. too. may need for pep: also supplies
hearty applause. Then the teach- s^eep- One evening I passed two so that you often have the feel iron
vitamin Bi. Low cost I Introductory slxe only 35e.|
er would turn to the wooden mothers each with a baby less ing that you alone could pull For sale at all dru« stores everywhere.
blackboard and quickly draw the than a year old huddled in differ- them down with the least effort.
The famous radio teacher Le Roy will teach you
to play p opular funos, semi-classical and «von
character and making an ad d i-' erR doorways, neither of them People Are At Work, Houses
r anything that you can hum,
Boogie W oo gl#
whiitlo or sing . In just I FIVI WCIKS TtMK.
tional mark here and another 1 ^ad any covering beyond their Are Flimsy, Driving Is Madness
W o bring you the sonsational Lo Roy S-leuon
(in c . 2 0 % t u x )
72-pago court* In oasy book form with stand
there would form and identify I scanty clothing and each was sit-
The people of Chungking are
T h e rin g any w om an w ii ibe proud
D O N 'T W O R R Y a b o u t D o t «,
ard keyboard chart for $2. N o oxtras, no a d d i
M o n ey,
E n em ies,
to wear. Genuine diam ond rin g in
tional lotions to buy; you d on 't ovon nood a
words derived from the one end tmg in the doorway, bending al- hard at work—they work seven
10 K a ra t S olid G old settin g, w h ite
C ro ss in g s. T h e r e ’s a W a y
piano with our keyboard chart.
on the card.
imost double over the baby so that days a week using hand tools
gold e n gra vin g . Ideal g i f t fo r
out o f a ll t h in g s . W r i t e to d a y
Amax# your frlonds— th# man who put music
w ife , sw eeth ea rt, m other, sister or
Into thousand of homos and into tho fingers of
M. CARO LYN
“The second grade was having ber body might keep the baby and human power. There are
frien d . An honest $22.50 value.
thousands who, Ilk* yourself, thought thoy could
4 2332 S outh M ic h ig a n ,
novtr pla y by oar, is oagor to b ring this oasy
M ention size. Send m oney order
its rest period. Each child had his warm and alive,
many blacksmiths and little shoR
course to you. D on't delay, order today.
C h ic a g o 18, IU .
or pay poastm an on addlval. W e a r
head placed sideways on his curv-
One night I passed a man, his keepers. Rope is manufactured
rin g one w eek on m oney-back
ed arm on the desk, really a little w ife and tbree children huddled by primitive methods with a
W e p a y ta x e s an d m a ilin g c h a rg e s
II W . 42 St.. N ow York IB, N. Y .
I Enclosed $2; you pay postage.
LOMO NOVELTY COM PANY table. Some of them were peek- j *n one doorway as tightly to-1 child turning the wheel and a
| Send C .O .D . I'll pay postman $2 plus
O t p t P I-3 4
ing at us and some were sound 8eRler as possible so they might man pulling and twisting the
11 W . 42nd S t.
T o r t, M. T .
aslep, but all were w ell behaved, j keep each other warm. In the rope as he makes it, strand by
I. E. & D. M. Hansen
The third grade was having its early morning as I walk back to strand. There are foot pedal sew
420 S. E. 91st Avenu*
reading lesson from cheap little the o ffice, I pass a great many ing machines and the Chinese
Portland 16, Oregon
A d dress
paper books. The fourth grade i men and boys just rolling up themselves wind and twist and
was having an optional period jtheir straw mats and few rags, create the cotton. There are no
with some drawing. The fifth j ready to carry on for the day. luxuries in Chungking. “ I visited
grade was also reading, and the
a recent cold snap, 45 of these the home that belonged to one
sixth grade was studying geogra- | doorways’ sleepers perished in of our Chinese office workers,”
DR. CARL R. VICKERS phy, that of Japan. When w e one night.”
reported a newly returned UNR
RA officia l “ His father had stud
made the rounds some of the Coal, Transportation and Cur
ied in the United States and had
children were outside for recess. rent Medical Knowledge
1471 N. E. Williams Court
Eight little girls were trying to Needed ...
worked for the Ministry of Com
learn a graceful dance step from
“ Shanghai's greatest need is munications in China. The fam
— VErmtont 420« —
a teacher and the boys were coal, just as China’s greatest ily was educated and superior
H eke ' s a real opportunity for the young man who wants
playing basketball and playing it problem is t r a n s p o r t a t i o n . in many ways. Their home in our
a good job with a future. An Army job is a steady job offer
Shanghai is the hub o f China— estimation would be called noth
ing good pay, the highest security, every opportunity for
the center of industry. And the
Robt. N. Joyner Jr.. M J).
prop" ition and a chance to see the world. You get valuable
also very well managed. There answer to bringing Shanghai were two small rooa s with a
PH YSICIAN and SURGEON
training in technical skills, good food, clothing, quarters and
were two rooms with neat little back to life so that it might be couch and a table as furniture,
medical care free. If you go overseas, you get 20% extra pay.
Office: 1415 N. Williams A t «.
beds for naps, a dispensary where gin to be the producing center there were no conveniences be
You can retire at half pay after 20 years or retire at three-
quarters pay after 30 years. And you get a 30-day vacation
a doctor was giving physical ex of China once more, meant facil yond a bucket for washing fa cil
VErmont 4404 or BEacon 3111
at full pay every year! Many other advantages not offered
aminations, play rooms and ■ itating operations at the Kailan ities. Water had to be carried
elsewhere. If you are 18 to 34 and physically fit (or 17 with
clear, but plain little kitchen coal mines in North China. Sev from the outside.
parents' consent), you can enlist now and qualify tor one of
where some simple snacks could eral months ago, the arrival of lived there— but that home wa3 I
these fine jobs in the peacetime Regular Army. You owe it
be prepared. Their ideas are very U N R R A flour at the Kailan spic and span, not only clean and
to yourself to get all the facts NOW! Apply at
modem although their equipment mines served to double the coal neat but dignified and cheerful
is very inexpensive. H ie most im production there. The flour was and as a guest I was made w el
V. S. A f t M Y R I C O U I T I N O S T A T I O N
pressive thing you notice is the used in part to pay the miners; come and treated with the kind j
1412 N. Williams A re.
ARMY RECRUITING STATION
way the teachers, like all Chinese hunger is so great that this o f courtesy that soon made me U.
really love the children. They brought mine laborers flock in g forget my surroundings.”
614 S. W. ELEVENTH. PORTLAND. OREGON
(Continued from page 2)
slit bamboo strips laid crosswise
from pillar to pillar, and plaster-
ed over with mud mixed with
lime. The roofs of rice or wheat
straw always fall in during a rain
storm. Some few of the roofs are
made of clay tiles, which are not
as perishable as the straw but
quite capable of being lifted by
“ In the U N R R A Chungking of-
fice, we had a woman teacher of
Chinese who also served as typ-
ist. She arrived at the office late
one morning and came in breath
lessly, saying,— ‘I ’m sorry I ’m late
our house fell down last night.
The mess had to be cleaned up.’
It doesn’t take very much of a
storm to knock a house down,
but the Chinese are quite matter
o f fact about it and do not in
dulge in self-pity or time out
because of catastrophies.”
to his own resources and not do-
i ing too well until he saw UNKR
I A ’s ad.
“Johnny was lots o f fun and he
was bright. He was eager to study
English so I exchanged lessons
with him— he taught me Chinese
and I taught him English. He
knew all about President Roose-
velt and Chiang Kai-shek; he
could read; he wanted to know
all about U N R R A and Mr. Leh-
man. His curiosity and interests
were limitless. We got him cloth-
ed, got some medical attention
for his ears, fattened him up a bit
and eventually sent him o ff to a
boarding school— the best middle
school in Chungking, run by a
missionary. Many weeks later, we
moved to Shanghai and one of
the Chinese members of our staff
succeeded in finding Johnny’s
grandfather still alive. It was de
cided that Johnny Wang would
be brought back to Shanghai to
"The Door Opened And Johnny live with his grandfather as soon
as he finished his semester in
Wang Entered Our Lives ..."
An U N RRA official recently re school.”
turned from China after more "Chinese Audiences
than a year at work there, report- InvariablY Love Jokes ...
ed: “Heroism and heroic youngs-
An U N R R A Personnel officer
ters in China are not rare. Back wrote from China’ “ W e were ask'
in Chungking where one of UNR ed to visit a sma11 city some forty
R A ’s offices is situated, we ad- miles west of Chungking to ad
vertised for an office boy. We dress a group of 230 students who
'hought we would get some boy i were preparing ‘ ° g ° abroad to
in his early twenties who had j study' We went and found our
some English, perhaps. But in- audience awaiting us. They were
stead, the door opened one d a y isitting on saw horses with boards
and Johnny Wang walked into about three inches wide. Chinese
our lives. He was a very dirty, audiences always love jokes, I
very hungry, very ragged little saw that wherever w e went, but
boy. He had read our advertise I do not know whether here they
ment an dhad walked six hours laughed more at my jokes or at
to get to us and apply for the job. the one sentence 1 tried in Chi‘
He quickly explained to the in- nese' A fter the lecture- we were
terpreter that he did not care asked whether there was any'
about the pay; he wanted a place tbing we d bke to see in their
to live and some food. He claimed Clty' We asked to see their sch° o1
to be fourteen, which is probably and they escorted us there- 11 was
our twelve— and we had some quite an experience. You just love
doubts that he was that old.
Chinese children everywhere, but
PLA Y THE PIANO
THE LEROY W A Y
Want new Pep and Vim?
M W H A T ¿5 W R O N G ?
The Rawleigh Dealers
Daisy L. Warrick