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About Portland inquirer. (Portland, Or.) 1944-194? | View Entire Issue (March 22, 1946)
Friday. March 22. 1946
B A R G A I N S NEGRO
I N H O N E S VETERAN
By Luigi Creaiore
This is a story o f William Jesse
Sanders. He was born in a small
town in West Virginia shortly
after the last war. When he was
twenty-three years old Bill was
inducted into the Army of the
United States. He learned how
to soldier and how to kill. He put
his knowledge to use on battle
fields thousands of miles from
his little corner of the world.
Today, William Jesse Sanders
On January 28, 1919, in the
“America’s Largest Home Seller“ small mining town of Pinehill,
328 S. W. Washington
AT 7171 West Virginia—population 2,000
—Mrs. Emmitt Sanders gave
FRANK L. McQUIRE—Very mo birth to her third son. Young
dern side-by-side duplex. Hard William, after a normal period of
wood fl. Hop furnace. One side bawling and spewing, learned to
ready to move in. A give away use his sturdy little legs. He
at $6950. Very good looking. played on sand lots with other
Call J. D. Morris, AT 7171, ask youngsters;
wrestle; hit a ball with a stick,
to sidestep an uppercut.
FRANK L. McGUIRE—Vacant!
One of Bill Sanders’ outstand
3-bedroom, 6-room house. Ha. P. ing memories was his first mov
furnace. Full cement basement ing picture show. It was a Sun
Good looking house priced at
day afternoon when the entire
only $4490. Call J. D. Morris
family was told to keep their
AT 7171 ask for C-206.
church-going clothes on because
FRANK L. McGUIRE— 5-room 2- they were going to the movie.
bedroom home. Very reasonable Bill sat breathless when giant
priced. Excellent location. Well images raced across the flicker
built house. Quick possession. ing screen, as the scenes changed
Call J. D. Mooris AT 7171 ask so fast he couldn’t keep up with
On Monday, Bill was ready for
FRANK L. McQUIRE—Income the movies again. He knew he
property! Lovely, newly, dec needed money to get into the
orated! Full cement basement, theater and money was scaice in
5 bedroom, 8 room home. Love the Sander’s household, so he
ly lot. Convenient location. was not unduly surprised when
Priced at only $4990. Call J. D. his mother said. “No movieshow
Morris AT 7171. Ask for C-232. for you today.” But he was sur
FRANK L. McGUIRE—Cute 2 prised when she added, “Even if
bedroom, 5 room home. On bus I was to give you the money, you
line. Good foundation. Partly couldn’t get in.”
“Why?” asked young Bill.
furnished. Priced at only $3000.
“Cause you can only get in on
Call J. D. Morris AT 7171 ask
for B 163.
Show’s open all week,” Bill
FRANK L. McGUIRE—6-room, observed.
2 bedroom home. C l o s e to
“I told you—you can’t get in
school and bus. Comer lot. ’cept on Sunday.”
Priced at only $2950. Call J.
D. Morris, AT 7171. Ask for
“ ’Cause you’re black—ana only
White Folks can go to that moVie
FRANK L. McGUIRE—A good on week days. Now stop askin'
buy! 2 flats, four rooms each. ‘why’ and go out and play.”
Bill went out of the house and
Good income. Nice looking, 50x
100 lot. Easy terms, close to sat on the wooden stoop. He
bus service. Call J. D. Morris, couldn’t go to a movie ’cause he
was black, but the white boys
AT 7171, ask for F-61.
could go. He would give the lady
FRANK L. McGUIRE—Very neat! at the theater money, same as
4 rooms up, 3 room apt. in the white boys. He would sit in
basement on 50x100 lot. Extra only one seat and watch the
50x100 lot across the street is screen, same as the white boys.
V e r y reasonably Then why couldn’t he go? The
priced. Close to bus lines, whole thing was silly.
stores, schools, and church. Call
Yet Bill knew his mother did
J. D. Morris, AT 7171, ask for not li$. He was learning that he
would be stopped from going
FRANK L. McGUIRE—Home an certain places and doing certain
wheels. 1 room trailer, stove, things all his life for one reason
bed and built-ins. Only $125.00. — the color of his skin.
Next year Bill started in
Call J. D. Morris, AT 7171. Ask
school. He sat in the same room
and had the same teacher as the
FRANK L. McGUIRE— 5 room, 2 boys from the first grade to the
bedroom home. Full cement ninth. The town could afford on
basement. Close to school and ly one school and that wasn’t big
bus. Quick possession. Only
enough to divide into classes.
$2950. For more information
Only big enough to divide into
call J. D. Morris. AT 7171.
White students and Colored stu
FRANK L. McGUIRE—Comfort dents.
Just the same Bill liked school.
able, 6 room, 3 bedroom fur
nished homes; convenient loca He liked the smell of books. He
tion. Nice lot. Very neat and liked finding out something new
clean. Only $4000. Call AT. every day.
7171, ask for J. D. Morris, ask
As he grew older, Bill took an
interest in History, especially
FRANK L. McGUIRE—Beautiful Negro History. On Saturday he
7 room, 3 bedroom home, part went to the Library and read
ly furnished, double plumbing; there things that were not taught
fuel furnace. Good location. J. in school. He learned some new
D. Morris, AT 7171, ask for C- facts aout the start of his coun
try, the United States o f Ameri
FRANK L. McGUIRE— 6 room, 3
He learned how the Colonies
bedroom heme, quick posession. 2 had formed a new nation and
blocks to bus, schools, close to how the new nation had risen
stores. Gall J. D. Morris, AT and fought against mighty Eng
7171, ask for C-200.
land to make itself independent.
FRANK L. McGUIRE— 8 room Sitting on the hard library chair
home, all hardwood floors dwn; he read: “We hold these truths
basement; furnace. On bus, close to be self-evident, that all men
to stores, school. Easy terms. are created equal__ with certain
J. D. unalienable Rights.... Life, Lib
Morris, AT 7171, ask for C-97. erty, and the pursuit of Happi
Frank L. McGuire
ness.” William Jesse Sanders re
membered those words—remem
bered, too, what a strange mean
ing they held in that day of
He knew that Negro soldiers
had died in that conflict. He
learned that they had fought
well side by side with white
troops against the English. He
read of a debate in Congress
where two men, one from the
North and one from the South,
gave the verdict of that time on
the value of the Negro in the
William Eustis of Massachus
etts said: “The war over and
peace restored, these men return-
to their respective States, and
who could have said to them on
their return to civil life after
having shed their blood in com
mon with the whites in the de
fense of the liberties of their
country, ‘You are not to partici
pate in the rights secured by the
struggle or in the liberty for
which you have been fighting?’
Certainly no white man in Mas
Charles Pinckney of South
Carolina said the Negroes, “Then
were, as they still are, as valu
able a part of our population to
the Union as any other equal
number of inhabitants. They
were in numerous instances the
pioneers and, in all, the laborers
of your armies. To their hands
were owing the erection of the
greatest part of the fortifications
raised for the protection of our
country: some of which, particul
arly Fort Moultrie, gave at that
early period of the inexperience
and untried valor of our citizens,
immortality to American arms:
and, in the Northern States num
erous bodies of them were en
rolled into and fought by the
sides of the whites, the battles of
In the little library in Pinehill
where William Sanders sat read
ing the fine speeches, he could
almost hear the words ringing in
the musty room. He wonde:
“What mfltte - Negroef ri:
bafljtle, and then submit once
more to the chains of slavery.”
Bill read o f the War of 1812,
where the Negro distinguished
himself not only as a soldier but
particularly as sailor. In the dis
pute concerning the impressment
of American sailors which was
one of the causes of the war, Ne
gro sailors repeatedly figured
when they were seized by Eng
land. They were claimed as cit-
-izens by America, for whose
rights the nation was apparently
ready to go to war.
These indeed were strange ev
ents. The citizenship of Negroes
was sought and defended by
England and America at this
time but a little later it was de
nied by the United States Su
preme Court that Negroes could
The number of Negro fighters
in the War of 1812 was held
down to a minimum at the be
ginning of the conflict. However,
by 1814, the situation had grown
increasingly precarious. The state
of Maine was in British hands,
the Capitol at Washington had
been burned and Northern States
like New York were recruiting
and arming Negroes in large
quantities. It was then that Gen
eral Jackson issued a spirited ap
peal to the Negroes of Louisiana:
“Through a mistaken policy, you
have heretofore been deprived of
a participation in the glorious
struggle for national rights in
which our country is engaged.
This no longer shall exist.
“As sons of freedom, you are
now called upon to defend our
most inestimable blessings. As
Americans, your country looks
with confidence to her adopted
children for a valoious support
as a faithful return for the ad
vantages enjoyed under her mild
and equitable government As
fathers, husbands and brothers,
you are summoned to rally
around the standard of the Eagle
to defend all which is dear in ex
Your country, although calling
for your exertions, does not wish
you to engage in her cause with
out amply remunerating you for
the services rendered. Your in
telligent minds are not to be led
away by false representations.
Your love of honor would cause
you to despise the man who
would attempt to deceive you. In
the sincerity of a soldier and the
language of truth I address you
S E D IC I
Elll'I'OH'S \ ttT E : This new spaper,
thrt'uith Sfatimi arrangem ent with th e
Wiishingltm Hureutt o f Western News-
feiftet f nion ,j f Iftlh E ye S treet , N. W' .
0 nshingtnn, It. C , is able to bring read
ers this u eelfty colu m n on p rob lem s o f
the t eterno and servicem an and his lam-
ily. Questuai* may b e addressed to th e
ahtn-e Untemi anti they w ill b e ansu-ered
in a suhsetpient rtdumn.
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— NOTE —
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K e y P I-3 7
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Q u estion i and A n sw er»
q. Here’s a question I’ ve never
seen or heard of being directly an
swered. Are there answers, or Just
evasive replies? Can the hoys In
service in Japan lake up correspond
ence work or study In the U .8.A .F .I.
if they have the Ume or ability?
Our son Is stationed In Osaka with
a medical company. He wants to
get started in a veterinarian course.
Will be watching closely for an an
swer.— Mrs. A. J. W., Nellgh, Nebr.
meant in General Jackson’s state
ment, because years after that
war, black men were still slaves.
A Yes, men in Japan can take
“Was this their remuneration?” certain courses of study with the
Bill Sanders wondered.
U S.A.F.I. However. It is doubtful
The only gdins made by Negro if such a specialized course as veter
soldiers that Bill Sanders could inary could be taken by correspond
ence. Would suggest that your son
see, was the progress made in the take the matter up with his company
War between the States, the war commander.
that resolved itself into the War
(J. Is the widow of a World War I
(Continued on page 4)
veteran, now receiving a pension,
Where Cares Are Forgotten"
( ' > - i SOLID GOLD
\ "•>» « ' -
0 0 % tax Included
This office has received many let
ters asking whether or not once men
get overseas their accumulation of
discharge points stops. The an*
swer from the war department
invariably has been that men con
tinue to earn discharge points so
lung as they are in service.
I'his question was brought to a
head recently when Secretary of
War Robert P Patterson was sur
prised when informed by the army
newspaper. Stars and Stripes, that
point scoring stopped September 2.
The war department now declares
that both are right. Men in service
do continue to earn discharge points
for their record for use when and
if a new freezing date is established.
They point out that the first freeze
date was May 12 when the total for
Help lay track and ties, ballast the
discharge was 85 points A new
roadbed, and keep the line in good
freeze date was established for Sep
condition. Healthful outdoor work.
tember 2 when the discharge point
No experience needed. The com
total was 70 However, since Sep
pany furniahe i free housing, in
tember 2. the war department has
cluding fuel, light and water. You
reduced the point score to 50 oi 20
get railroad benefits medical and
points down, which is more than the
hospital care, passes, insurance,
veteran would accumulate in Ihe
fine pension plan. Work for a per
four-month period In other words,
manent company—one with plenty
while the veteran total is figured at
the number of points he had accu
of work ahead.
mulated up to September 2, 1945,
his point total had been lowered
since that date from 70 to 50, mak
ing all who had 50 points on Sep
tember 2 eligible 4or discharge
Further lowering of the total points Apply Room 367, Union Station
necessary for discharge are prom
entitled to any additional benefits
above her pension for doctor’s care
If she Is an Invalid?— Mrs. O. H.,
Eureka Springs, Ark.
D IA M O N D S
A. No. the veterans' administra
tion says that only In some Instances
of advanced age are wiuutvs »f
World War 1 veterans entitled to
Increase in pension.
Q. My husband enlisted In the air
corps in August, 1944, for the dura
tion and sis months. He Is now over
seas. Will he be discharged when
his enlistment period Is up or must
he wait until he has enough points?
—Mrs. R. 8., Sunbury, Pa.
A. The war la not yet over and
will not be until so proclaimed by
;the President or congress. He will
remain in the service until he earns
Q. My husband has been In serv
ice since August 2, 1945. I am In
very bad health. We have two small
children and expecting
Do you think I stand a
chance of getting him out? — Mrs.
J. R. B., Fiat Lick, Ky.
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s u m
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FREE CATALOG— No. 17
third child la born, he will be eli
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3S M y r tls A t *.
B ro o k ly n , I . T .
Q. I was Inducted into Ihe army
August 20. 1942. I received my hon
orable discharge May 10, 1943. Am
I entitled to the *200 mustering-out
pay? All my service has been In
the (J. 8. A. How do I go about
getting It?— A. W.. Scotland, 8. D.
A. Yes. The war department ad
vises that you write to the Chief of
Finance, Enlisted Personnel. War
department, Washington, D. C.
2272 N. Interstate Awe.
Q. I have a friend in the navy.
He has been in service since July,
1944, and overseas since last Octo
ber, 1944. He la single and 20 years
old. How many points docs he
have?— Miss B. C., Section. Ala.
A. As of January 1 he has 27
points. Thirty-six are necess-iiv for
discharge. 35 on February I