Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Portland inquirer. (Portland, Or.) 1944-194? | View Entire Issue (March 22, 1946)
Friday. March 22. 1946
“And it might be well to evalu
per cent of the population there Yangtze Valley; but cities and
is urgently in need of immediate rural villages in the interior re- ate the ‘old’ that does exist in
unchanged China, by the way. I lived in Sin
food relief,” and the population I mained
"Desp-rat* Need" Describes
fluctuations in Swatow vividly and unaware of the outside world, area for from centers of Chinese
demonstrate the bruta effects of self-contained and pretty much culture, but in which an irriga
Life in China
“Desperate need” best describ war and hunger on the besieged autonomous. So much so, that tion system of one million acres
es conditions o f life for many residents there. In 1930, before whereas the foreigner In west had been laid out in the year 150
millions in China today. Two U the enemy occupation, there were ernized Shanghai merits no sec- J B. C. At about the same time it
NRRA officials recently travelled 220.000 persons. In the same year | ond glance from the Chinese j was discovered that there was
more than four hundred miles after the occupation, there were j child playing in the street, the J salt water beneath the earth’s
through Honan on horseback, se 40.000 left—many had fled, but American in Chungking and else surface. Those ancient Chinese
dan chair and slow motor trans many had died. After the Japan where even today, is the object | devised crude pumps to bring up
j the water, evaporated it and
port to investigate conditions ese surrender, in 1945, the re | of unlimited curiosity and vast
there. They found that nearly turning refugees swelled the amusement, and Chinese children made their salt. Those pumps and
two million persons or one-sixth population to 140,000. Because of in a good-natured fashion, will wells are in use to this day.
of the estimated population of the reduced population, housing call him “Mr. Foreigner” or “Mr.
formerly Japanese-occupied Ho is not a primary need in this Long-nose,” run after him with very rare in today’s China, and
nan Province are on starvation area. But the famine had forced eager friendliness mixed with what there is, is very old. In new
shouting— structures, the Chinese have been
rations, and nearly that many are residents to barter their cotton- | frank amazement,
you)— using the pipes remaining from
without adequate clothing or
shelter, as disease and epidem rice, leaving themselves with a and grinning with joy when he ombed out houses.
“But the most striking evidence
ics sweep through the province. mere rag and often only leaves answers, in their own language—
change in today’s China is in
In the worst hit districts of west
ern Honan, some 15 per cent of down parts of their own houses pointing the thumb up, in the the status of the women. Women
are no longer the submissive
the populaion died of want soon to barter for food, leaving them traditional gesture.
after the defeat of Japan. Mean selves at least partially homeless. The Accent Is On The Ancient. creatures they once were. They
behave as freely, as uninhibitedly
while, 200,000 impoverished war The main source of food and live As It Meets The Modern
as the men.”
refugees are pouring back to
The Director of UNRRA in
western Honan only to find their fishing, but of the 5,300 pre-war China, while back in the United 71-Hour Work Day Combines
homes burned, their- meagre pos fishing boats of the area, less States on a brief duty visit, ex Living With Labor On The Job
sessions looted, their crops un than 700 in all remain today.
plained: “The old and the new
The working day for the Chin-
planted and their tiny plots of 'Ding-Haw" In The Changing
go side by side in China today— | ese runs to about seventeen
land despoiled. Everywhere they Scene of the Provinces
with the accent on the old. You hours. But his attitude towards
China is not as yet a united
went, the UNRRA officials were
may see a modern steamer on the his work is different from ours.
told— “Wheat was not harvested, nation, it is still a country made Yangtze River alongside of a 10- He considers there are only about
the fall crops were not planted.” up of thirty provinces, many of oared junk. And the oarsmen oft ten good hours of work in a man
them distinct entities within
Starvation Victims Lay In
en have to get out and pull their during the day, therefore the rest
themselves, differing from each
Coffins Awaiting Death
boat from the shore. There are of his time is devoted to sociabil-
Famine and disease have kill
airplanes flying the distance from | ity. For one thing, he lives on the
ed off a large portion of the pop
Kunming to Chungking in three location of his job. For example,
ulation of East Kwangtung. The 1 westernization,
habits, eus hours: there are many trudging
| when a house is being built, the
drastic 1943-1944 famine in the
the same distance by foot, taking } workers simply move to the site
region of Chao-chow and Swatow even in the type of agricultural from thirty to sixty days. The for the duration.
pre-occupation hand tools in use in one province most striking contrast of old and dawn, as I often do, I would look
years’ population. Even before
new is to see a plane sweep down ! out of my window and much to
the war it had been necessary impact of western civilization like a beautiful bird and land on my surprise see fires lighted here
for this predominantly fishing-
the edge of a jungle in the very j and there in the darkness. The
area to import two-thirds of its along the seacoast • and in the heart of an ancient cart-and-bul- men were about to go to work on
rice. Now the section is faced
a building project nearby. They
with another famine as the refu
gees are returning to their form
er homes without resources—
' « g s e * * " at
many of them having sold the
very clothing off their backs to
buy transportation in order to
ÿ £ * y
hurry home. Slow death from
starvation was so constant and
numerically overwhelming Hnr-
■^•GPKhe 1944‘-famine that:
“Coffins were lined up at a
certain place in Swatow by the
charitable Buddhist organization
and people staggered there to lie
down in the coffins and await
death. In that way they were
sure of some sort of burial, at
An UNRRA representative re
ported from Swatow that: “50
t cqray on!
had started to cooy their break
fast of rice and tea. In the same
way it is customary for schoo:
teachers to live right in the
school, for shopkeepers’ families
to live with them; and it is a not JACKETS & CHUBBIES
unfamiliar sight to see a wife do
ing the family cooking in a black 1946 Fashions . . . Large Selection
Dyed Coneys. Striped
smith shop over the fire in which
her husband is heating the horse
Genuine Skunk. Foxes
shoes, since coal is so very scarce.
By the way, an operation of
M any O thers
household furniture moving is a
S izes 9 t o 54
funny thing in China. The men
M on ey R e fu n d e d w ith in
F iv e D a y s
put on the job simply walk into
SBN D PO STC AR D FO R F R E E N E W
the house, pick up the articles of
C A T A L O G and W H O L E S A L E
furniture and walk through the P R IC B s . . . A G E N T S W A N T E D
— W rite D ept. S A —
streets to the new location.”
AL FENDER FURS
"Sorry I'm Late. Our House
E sta b lis h e d 1890
Fell Down Last Night
150 W . 28th St., N ew Y o r k 1, N . Y .
Even the best houses in Chi
nese villages and cities are rather
frail. A good house is built with
(Continued on page 7)
Infra-Red Health Lamps
Electric Heating Pads
Send 34 Stamp far Illustrated Pricelist
JOSEPH WINKLER & CO.
6 71 N . CLARK S TR U T
C H IC A G O 1 0 . IL L IN O IS
1412 N. W illiam s A ve.
Fried Southern Style
Steaks & Chops
LUNCH - DINNER
Mrs. Talmade Coleman
Easter Is Just Around the Corner!
Mrs. Idella Williams
I MAKE YOUR SELECTIONS NOW . . .
BEFORE THE RUSH
FOR THE SCALP
Mrs. H. M. Etheridge
Mrs. C. M. Williams
The hair roots are in the scalp.
The condition of your hair docs
often depend heavily on the natu
ral health of your scalp. Years
ago, Dr. Carnot invented a medi
cated tar formula called Carbonoel
which is mixed with Sulphur, Re
sorcin and Balsam of Peru. Car
bonoel is such.a strong, powerful
antiseptic and does such fine work
in helping an itchy, bumpy and
externally irritated scalp, that
many doctors regard it highly
and prescribe it for many scalp
troubles. If your scalp needs a
double strength tar formula, write
for this Doctor’s genuine scalp for
mula now. It will be sent to you all
mixed and ready to use. Use it for
7 days, and if you are not satis
fied, your money back. Pay only
$1.59 on delivery. This includes
everything. Don’t pay a penny
more. You get it with full direc
tions. Use the finest medicated tar
scalp formula your money can buy.
Your hair and scalp deserve fine
care. Write now. Send no money.
Just your name and address to—
Gold Medal Hair Co., Dept.xx -12
337 Kings Highway
Brooklyn 23, New York
N o t e : THIS FORMULA carries
the 100% written Medalo money
r n r r NUT
FREE FACE POWDER
S en d tod a y f o r fr e e liberal s u p p ly o f this h irh
srradeF ace P ow d er & a lso ou r F ltE E B F .A U T lK U D
Cosmetic catalog in colors. Help bring out your love
liness by using our glsmnrous blend o f Face Powder.
B4> L o v e ly «0 L o o k A t - N ic e t o K n o w . Don’ t wait.
J. C. M c B R A D Y A C O ..
1 0 4 1 -4 » W . V m
B « r « n . O r a l . OOO. C U u n 7
Specializing in Ladies Tailor-Made
COAT SUITS - TOP COATS
Hauling of A ny Kind
N O J O B T O O SM ALL.
N O N E TO O L A R G E
SPECAL LINE OF DRESSES
Originally Designed • - - Individually Tailored
M V 4433
CALL FOR APPONTMENT
F. R. GRIFFITH . . . Representative
LIND & POMEROY
F l o w e r s
“As near as your phone”
Sundries - Toiletries - Fountain Service
2617 NE Union Ave—G A 1181
1 N. Broadway
For Any Purchase Made . . . Regardless
10 K t. Solid Oold
9 0 % tax Included !
atones for each month in tha year.
Cut and tin tad to look genuine.
Mention month wanted.
Jan. D ark R ed G arn et
Peh. P u rp le A m e th y st
Mar. A qu am a rin e
Apr. W h ite S ap p hire
M ay P a le G reen S pinel
Jane A le x a n d e rite
July R ed R u b y
Anar. L ig h t G reen P e rid o t
Sept. B lu e S ap p hire
Oct. P in k S ap p h ire
N o t . G old en S ap p hire
Deo. B lu e Z irco n
Send m o n e y o rd e r o r p a y p ostm a n
on a rriv a l. W e a r rin g 1 w e e k on
m o n e y -b a ck gu aran tee.
W e pay taxes and mailing chargee
— SEE —
NANCE'S B A R - B - Q
31 N. E. CHERRY CT.
G ood Meals Served All Hours
Home Cooking Our Specialty
DINNERS — BARBECUE SANDWICHES
David Nance, Prop.
1009 W ilcox Bldg
10-Karat Solid Oold
2 0 % tax included I_________________
H ere is y o u r ch an ce to g e t him that
ideal g if t , a 10-K t. Solid Oold Men’s
S ton e Bing f o r o n ly $14.95, no ta x e s
o r C.O.D, ch a r g e s to add. C h oice of
fiv e la rge b e a u tifu lly c o lo re d ston es,
ru b y red, d eep b lu e sa p p h ire, e m e r
ald green , a m th y st, o r go ld e n y e llo w .
T h e a p p ro p ria te g i f t f o r a n y m an.
S p e c ify size and c o lo r w hen ord e rin g .
Send m o n e y o rd e r o r p a y p o stm a n on
a rriv a l. One w eek m o n e y -b a ck g u a r
antee. W o pay taxes and mailing
LOMO NOVELTY COMPANY
11W . 42nd
This Gift Coupon is Worth a Souvenir Gift
of How Small
61 V . B. Ban R afft.l St.
LOMO NOVELTY COMPANY
K ey PI-36
11 W . 49mdSt.
N ew York, W .Y .
at., W .w
T o rt Id, V . T .
and Barber Supplies
515 S. W. Third Ave.
Oliver E. Smith
Insurance — Hospitalization
Affidavits for Birth Certificate
Books on or About :he Negro
Consultant of Your Many
Phone LAncaster 1568
1453 N. WILLIAMS AVE.