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About Portland inquirer. (Portland, Or.) 1944-194? | View This Issue
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* • « l Lai . A d O , U h b U ü k
Club, Fraternal and Social New«
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PRAISED IN S. P.
By*Tech. Sgt Paul G. Long,
Marine Corps Comb. Correspondent
formerly of the Chattanooga
PELELIU, PALAU ISLANDS—
(Delayed)—The Japs, entrenched
on the ridge in the toughest fight
ing of this tough campaign, had all
For two days the veteran jungle
fighters of the First Marine Divi
sion had pushed stolidly upward,
seeing their comrades killed and
wounded. Now they were dug in,
awaiting orders to advance again.
‘Want to come out for a smoke?’
A Negro Marine had crawled up
to a white comrade in arms. He
and the rest of his company of
stretcher bearers were relieving
men at the front, giving them a
break in the tension of front-line
In this campaign, these Negro
Marines have performed gallantly.
Day and night they have carried
wounded back to aid stations and
returned to the front with ammu
nition and water. Rough, precipi
tous coral has made their job har
der. One 200-pound wounded fight
er apologied for his weight, but
they only smiled and groped on
down the tortuous trail with him.
Often they went beyond the front
in search o f wounded Marines.
But what the Negro Marines
wanted most was a chance to kill
This is the way, it happened to
Ramey— Private First Class R. L.
Ramey, 21, of Bluefield, W. Va. A
wounded rifleman fell forward
from an escarpment into a gulch.
Without hesitation and without
command, Ramey jumped headlong
to save him.
“ Come out of there,” ordered a
captain. “ You haven't got
chance.” “ I’m coming out, Captain,
soon as I get this Marine,” replied
He brought back the Marine.
The captain recognized Ramey.
“ Want to shoot a Jap, Ramey?”
The captain pointed out a sni
per’s tree, and Ramey eagerly ac
cepted his Tommy gun. So it was
that Ramey got his first Jap.
Trained for combat, like all other
Marines, the Negroes know how to
use weapons. Their non-commis
sioned officers saw to that, just
as they taught them to drill so
well that the Secretary of the Navy
and the Commandant of the Marine
Corps commended them at their
New River, N. C. training base.
First Sgt. Nolan Marshall, 20,
of 3421 Baronne Street, New Or-
( Continued on Page 5)
P 2 1 1
Oregon's ^(t’gro Weekly
Published each Friday
o ' - ' Q
PORTLAND, ORE, NOVEMBER 24. 1044
HOUSING, WORK OPPORTUNITY
STUDIED BY TWO AUTHORITIES
Last week we printed an Edi
torial on the subject on Post War
conditions The importance of
this timely subject was empha
sized this week in a parley con
ducted here by Government offi
cials. We reprint this article
from the Journal for the benefit
of those who missed it. — Ed’s
early days, much of the housing
provided in Portland and other cen
ters was just an extension of the
industrial plant— putting a roof
over the workers’ heads. Many
things were done that have no part
in a sound housing program, Horne
said. Now he and other leaders are
interested in seeing what is being
done to provide sound housing for
Portland, like other war industry workers on a permanent basis.
cities, can follow one of two cour Only 485 Permanent
ses in anticipation of war’s end
Of the 18,600 housing units in
and its effect on thousands of in
Portland, only 485 are p. rmanent;
migrant workers. The community
the rest are to come down after
can sit back and hope they will re
the war emergency.
turn where they came from or— it
Adequate housing provided by
can take the lead in planning hous
enterprise fo • the thou
ing and work opportunities. *
workers who will remain
The answer lies entirely with the
constitutes an insur
community, in the opinion of two
ance policy for the community, both
r> \ /''’TC’IY'’
Cross Worker Doris Nordell, Seattle. Wash-
OW. r / \ C ir IV ington hands E. Norfleet, Sfc. SeaBee of Ports national housing heads who spent Horne and McGraw believe.
mouth. Va.. a chocolate bar as he leaves U. S Navy Hospital Ship the past week conferring with local
Bountiful, which has just arrived at a Pacific base with casualties from housing groups.
Off. U. S. N. Foto.
Frank Horne, racial relations ad
visor to the commissioner of the
federal public housing authority,
and B. T. McGraw, principal hous
ing analyst of the national housing
Nineteen members of the Na
agency, were here two years ago
Negro Insurance Associa
j when Portland was just beginning
A portrait of Capt. Charles B.
to realize the extent of its war- tion, representing 3*2 million policy
Hall, fighter pilot of the 99th smoke, investigated and found that boom population. Now they have holders in 26 states, not only pledg
Squadron, now in Italy, is included the roof of her home was ablaze. returned in the course of a survey ed continued support to price con
in a representative list of Army Rushing to the telephone she did of west coast defense areas.
trol, rent control and rationing,
Air Forces personnel paintings not take time to hunt for the phone
This city, they say, is experienc but outlined specific steps its anti-
now on exhibit in the National Gal number of the Fire Department but ing much the same influx of minor Inflation Committee will take to
called the Operator and placed an
lery of Art, Washington, D. C.
ity racial groups as did the cities distribute information on these
Capt. Hall, the first American
of the middle east during the last programs to the public, at a meet
Negro pilot to down a Nazi plane, dress and told the talkative opera- war.
ing last week with top OPA o ffi
is from Brazil, Ind., and was a ! tor that the house at the given ad Mistake Avoidance Desired
cials in the agency’s Washington
pre-medical student before joining dress was on fire and was ready to
A* i* the last -war, most e# these
the Army Air Forces at TU.-’.eget fhang up. But, i«>- ci.e Operator had!
From the report of D. C. Chand
migrant people plan to remain, and
Institute, Ala. He now has three to have her name, had to know in it is the hope of these housing ad ler, national chairman o f the A s
German planes to his credit and what part of the house the fire ministrators that the west will sociation’s Anti-Inflation Commit
wears the Air Medal and two Oak was located and a few other minor avoid the mistakes made by Chica tee, which is going into its second
Leaf Clusters for bravery in ac details, finally saying she would go, Pittsburgh, Detroit, Cincinnati year as one of the national organ
send the fire engines which was all
and other communities — mistakes izations in most active support of
The painting is by Major Charles the housewife wanted in the be which have brought baleful results OPA programs, the following pro
Baskerville, a veteran of the last ginning.
in tenement and ghetto living for gram was outlined for next year:
Now if this was an ordinary sto racial miniorities and low-income
war, who volunteered for sc-vice
1. A district speakers’ bureau in
in the present conflict and was ry we could say that the fire en groups.
each district to furnish speakers
given the assignment to paint a gines came and the firemen soon
Under the pressure of the war s for clubs, church groups and other
gallery of Air Forces personali had the fire under control. But that
He recently returned from is not what happened. What really
2. Wherever possible local key in
happened was almost unbelievable
representatives will become
in this day of speed and efficiency.
All the paintings on exhibit are
identified with ration
Five minutes later when the good
part of the historical record of the
boards, if possible on price and
woman was sure that the city fire
Army Air Forces. Their subject
community service panels.
department (which she helps to
matter range from representative
3. Anti-Inflation Committeemen
support by paying taxes) was on
A total of 21,760 Negro veterans
events and characteristic scenes to
cooperate with OPA District
its way to save her newly pur of the present war were receiving
actual portraits of the men now
and local War Price and
chased home,—the telephone rang. veterans’ pensions from the Vet
fighting or directing air battles all
Boards in distributing
No, it was not the talkative Ope erans Administration on Aag. 31,
over the world.
rator, it was the Fire Department. 1944, for disability incurred in or information concerning ration and
The collection eventually will be Following assurance that they had aggravated by service in the arm price control programs direct to
hung permanently in the headquar contacted the righ^number, a gruff ed forces, Brig. Gen. Frank T. homes.
4. Organization o f consumer cost-
ters of the Army Air Forces in the voice inquired, “ Whatve you got up Hines, Administrator of Veterans
committees to educate the
(Continued on Page 5)
Affairs, announced this week. Ne
gro recipients represented 8.7 per public to intelligent cooperation
cent of all veterans receiving such with the Government’s rationing
and price control programs.
5. Creation of a Public Informa
At the same time, General Hines
Campaign Committee, headed
revealed that 334 Negro veterans,
disabled as a result of service in by Anti-Inflation Committee Sec
the present war, were taking vo retary G. Norman Branch, Wash
cational rehabilitation courses in ington, D. C., to have member com
educational institutions and in panies’ house organs carry slogans
placement training designed to and put out literature aimed at
overcome the handicap of disability. keeping down the cost of living.
These trainees represented 8.7 per
6. Mobilization o f all representa
cent of the total number of vete tives of Home and District offices
rans receiving such training.
and other individuals for direct ac
The training program for dis tion to check inflation.
abled veterans has been getting off
One important result of the
to a slow start, General Hines said, meeting was that individual letters
because of excellent employment will be sent from the national OPA
opportunities available to veterans in Washington to each of the re
in war production industries. Of the gional Anti-Inflation Committee
184,000 disabled Negro and White chairmen, with copies to regional
veterans notified of eligibility, 150,- and district OPA offices, identify
000 have not applied. Only 34,000 ing the insurance men as active
applications for training benefits volunteer participants in the OPA
had been received through October program and asking the OPA of
Negro choir broadcasting over Mosquito Network 1, 1944, and more than half of this fices to aid the insurance commit
SO. PACIFIC at Red Cross Cervice Center, at^a Parific base.
(Continued on Page 5)
tee in every way possible.
Portrait of Negro
Flyer in Exhibit
H APPEN jIER E
Over 21,000 Negro