Image provided by: Santiam Historical Society; Stayton, OR
About The Stayton mail. (Stayton, Marion County, Or.) 1895-current | View This Issue
Coos County Leads All
Counties of United States
DISEASES OF POTATO
o y s t e r - s h e l l
lo u s e f o r
Sub-station at Umatilla
Issues Report of Work
Insact Found on Over Forty Different
Various Treatm ents Necessary for
Food Plante In United State«—
DISHES THAT ADD ATTRACTION Their Effective
An Effective Spray.
Problems of Increasing Im
portance to Agriculture.
Oregon Agricultural ('«liege, Cor county and to Oregon, but at the prea
i By UEOIUJK M f.IBT. Colorado E xperi
Fresh meats which are to be served
vallis With ala cow teating aaaocla* ent time nothing elae look» ao big to
should be put to cook in a pot of
tlona carrying allghtly more than 8000 thoae who are following the move
As the name will Indicate, this Is Possible to Maks Them In Almost cold
boiling water and boiled hard for 16
dairy oowi on official teat, dairymen ment« aa the wonderful dairy organi No Troubla Haa Caused Greater Dif one of the scale Insects, taking its
minutes, covered, then boiled gently
of Cooa county lead all countlea of the sation.
name from the scale covering that Is Any Color Dssirsd—Orange Salad until
tender throughout. The season
On« of the Particular
United Statue In thia progressive plan Cow teating in Cooa county haa been
secreted over the Insect's body, re
and Cause Than “Leaf-Roll”—
ings may be any combination of herbs
of building up the dairy herda. What made to mean precisely what the term
or vegetables desired. 8alt and pep-
8ymptome Vary Greatly.
inakea the fact atill more remarkable Implies. Kach row under teat haa her
an oyster shell.
should be added when meat Is
la the comparatively abort time In milk weighed and lerted for ita butter-
This Insect has been reported on Yellow.—To make a yellow salad at pei
(By N. ORTON.)
which the work of teating haa been In fat content for each month in the year
time of year use the yellower Balt meats take different treatment.
operation in thia now Weatern Oregon by a competent, enthuaiaatic and dia- No plant disease In this generation United Htates, including most of our this
leaves of lettuce. On them put First soak over night In plenty of
county that haa put Oregon on the intereated olliclal tester working under has been the subject of such general fruit trees, also many ornamental and heart
orange pulp, dressed with cold water. Then scrape and clean
map. Juat about one year ago the the supervision of the college dairy discussion aa that known In Germany •bade trees. It haa proved especially diced
dressing, and sprinkled with the next day, and put them on to
County court of Cooa county, In co olllrera. The records are accepted by
in some sections of this state on chopped walnut meats. Or elae scoop cook
In a pot of cold water.
operation with the Agricultural col dairymen everywhere aa being correct named ’Teaf-roll." None has aroused bad
out the centers of small yellow Cook tongue very gently until the
lege, completed arrangementa to ee- and authentic, and if any cow falls to greater difference of opinion as to Its lilac
one of these scales be raised In skinned apples and fill them with a small bones In the root can be easily
cure the aervicea of a county agricul measure up to standard dairy require nature and cause, and no other malady the If winter
or early spring, there will mixture of orange and apple, dressed pulled out This Is a m atter of four
tural agent. J. L. Smith, the preaent ments she is put out of the class of of plants Is today receiving so much In be found beneath
a mass of very with mayonnaise made with lemon hours Leave in water until cold. Then
Incumbent, waa »elected by the Col profitable dairy cows and her place in vestigation by skilled pathologists as • mall yellowish or It whitish
that Juice for thinning and flavoring of lift out, trim, skin and serve. It may
lege Dairy department and Extension the herd will be supplied by another this. Possibly no disease which has hatch about the middle of eggs
be put away cold in the tee box,
diviaion and aunt into the Held, known
appeared since the forties present« a •mall lice that appear as mere specks
Green.—On green but tender leaves wrapped In a coarse clean cloth, or
to be highly favorable to dairying. cows are aerured for the present pro greater menace to potato culture The to
the naked eye.
of lettuce, put a little mound of spin may be returned to some of the wa
Ilia work haa reaulted in many things duction, and atill better cows will be literature on leaf-roll has become so They
which has been boiled and ter in which It was boiled. This will
of great importance and value to Cooa bred for future producers.
voluminous that few will undertake to then insert their beaks Into the bark ach
pressed through a sieve and mixed help it retain its succulence.
peruse all the contributions.
begin to feed. By the end of the with French dressing. In the center Ham. If very dry. may be soaked
Leaf roll Is a disease characterized and
they are fully developed and of each mound, concealed by the spin 48 hours, changing water once or
by an upward rolling of the leaves, by have secreted
a scaly covering over ach, put a spoonful of chopped hard- twice. Put to cook in plenty of cold
the entire body. In the fall, the adult boiled egg.
water. It should simmer five to eight
deposits the mass of small eggs and Green and White.—Peel and boll hours. It Is done when the small bone
tiny white turnips of equal size and In the bock can be pulled out easily.
Spraying with kerosene emulsion 5 hollow out the center of each. Fill ! w hen nearly cold draw off the skin;
Oregon Agricultural College, Cor higher land that lies back from the
per cent kerosene In May or June with cold boiled peat and mayonnaise do not cut. Cover the top with a
vallis "Soil and climatic conditions Columbia river ia mostly of finer
Just after hatching time has proved and put on green lettuce leaves.
mixture of egg, bread crumbs, pep
prevailing on the Umatilla reclama texture. The soils are markedly defi
White.—Celery, potato, chicken— per. salt, sugar and a little made mus
very effective in controlling this peat.
tion project were considered by the cient in organic m atter and nitrogen.
white meat only—wblteflsh. blanched tard, and set In a slow oven to brown.
reclamation service to be twtter adapt The physical character of this land
or two of these may Haste frequently with two tablespoon
ed to the production of fruit than to renders the duty of irrgation water
CONVENIENT IN THE APIARY be used for white
salad. Dress with fuls of vinegar and a little boiling wa
other crop«. Aa a result of this early very low. From a soil standpoint, the
a white may ter In the pan. Bake from one to
decision, the land waa divided Into correction of these two difficulties,
Brush Made of Manila Rope Is Handy onnaise, to which with
white two hours. Save ham fat from the
small units with a view to the develop which are among the principal factors
for Cleaning Combs of Bees—
pan. It is fine for frying potatoes,
ment of small intensively farmed fruit influencing crop production, ia of the
| Tool Box Is Useful.
has been thinned with vinegar.
and garden tracta."
hominy or rice. Save the ham skin
Red.—Scoop out the Insides of to and use it to cover the ham under a
The foregoing Is a quotation from "Clim atic conditions of this district
I have several little conveniences matoes.
Save the slice removed from coarse cloth.
the report of the Umatilla branch ex aro very congenial for crop growth.
that I use In my apiary, one of which the top for
a cover and replace it on
periment station, made by Superin They are a rare combination of dry at
Is a brush for clearing the combs the tomato after
It with a mix
tendent Ralph W. Allen and issued by mosphere and dry weather. The effect Comparison of Healthy and Diseased of
bees, writes B. A. Manly of Milo, ture of celery and filling
Hilla of Same Varieties.
mixed KEEPS DRAIN PIPES CLEAN
the Oregon Agricultural College Ex- is comparatively long growing seasons
Iowa, in Bee Gleanings and Culture. with mayonnaise. Place meats,
|>eriment Station under the direction and mild, open w inters."
decreased yield of tubers, and by Take a round stick, IQ Inches long, on a white leaf of lettuce.
Arrangement That May Be of Home
of Director A. B. Cordley. The report Conditions on this tract are such as transmission
of the diseased condi and with a rip-saw divide it for about Pink.—Strain tomato Juice and mix
Construction Haa Been
tells further how and for what purpoae render necessary scientific investiga tion through tubers
Its symp nine Inches, leaving the other end for it with equai quantity of white stock
the branch station waa established, tion in eradication of alkali, securing toms vary so much planted.
detail that they a handle. Take a piece of one-inch —veal or chicken. Thicken sufficiently
how it ia maintained and managed, stands of crops, crop rotations, and the can be most clearly In outlined
by aepa^ manila rope six Inches long, and with with gelatin and harden In molds A device for the kitchen sink that
and reviews the leading features of its economical use of water and increas
the strands fill the opening In the
activities since ita establishment. The ing soil fertility.
on white lettuce leaves, with has proved successful in keeping the
The rolling of the leaves is the most stick, allowing them to project on Serve
report says fu rth er:
Reports of experiments with truck constant
that has been colored drain pipes clean is made of a wooden
and conspicuous symptom of both sides of the stick. At the end with a little cranberry
frame and ordinary window screen.
"The predominating soil type on the crops, strawberries, cane fruits and
Umatilla project, upon which the sta tree fruits as carried on in field plats, this disease. The leaflets curl or roll secure it with bee wire and securely Orange Salad.—Make mayonnaise Make a wooden frame, about two
tion is located, is sand, ranging in are given in the new bulletin, free upward on their midrib, often assum
with much egg yolk In proportion to inches high, just wide enough to fit
into the sink, and not quite as
texture from coarse to fine. Approxi copies of which may be had by ail in ing a nearly tubular shape, and giving
ingredients, and thin with nicely
long as the Inside of the sink. On
mately half of this area is of coarse terested (tersons upon request ad a plant a starving appearance. This
end of this nail a board, covering
sand ami the remainder ranges in char dressed to the Oregon Agricultural rolling Is sometimes restricted to the
arrange on lettuce leaves, dressing one
U[g>er leaves, while in o ther cases all
about half the length of the frame;
acter from medium to fine.
or nearly all of the leaves may exhibit
on the other end, on the opposite side,
nail a piece of wire window screen.
of directors deemed it advisable to I t This type of roll is distinct from
M utual Fire Insurance
the curly-dwarf condition, but a very
This device may be kept in the sink
Company Quits Business same, and on being informed of con similar roll may be Induced by other
| always, the dishpan set on the wooden
1 part, and anything poured on the other
nail the stick with one-inch brads.
Salem Upon application of the d i-1 ditions I decided that immediate steps causes.
; part will be strained before reaching
rectors of the eompany, which is un holders and warn those who held insur with the adrtent of leaf-roll, but these seen, and Is almost indestructible.
the pipes. This may be easily cleaned,
able to meet its financial obligations, ance in these companies to secure new color symptoms vary greatly, from Another convenience Is my covered
i and the wire screening renewed at
small expense, when worn through.
cases where the leaves assume an un hive seat and tool box. My hive seat
Circuit Juge Calloway appointed H ar insurance."
It is better than the ordinary sink
healthy, light-green color to those is 14 by 16, with a pocket on each end
vey Wells, insurance commissioner, re
Sent to Oregon.
marked by pronounced yellowish, red 6 by 14. These pockets come within If your soup is too salty try adding strainer, as it covers the bottom of
ceiver of the Horticultural Fire Relief Salem Tablet
sink, and catches everything
— R. A. Booth, Governor dish or purplish tint«.
an Inch of the top, and a cover is
slices of raw potatoes and cock the
of Oregon, with offices in thia city.
into it.—Holland's Magazine.
Withycombe’s personal representative The effect of leaf-roll on the plant made to telescope over the seat and l a a few
little longer. The potatoes will ab
Asacta are estimated by Mr. Wells at the opening of the Oregon building Is to check development. There Is a rest on the top of the pockets. Un sorb
German Potato Salad.
at 920,000, with liabilities of from at the Panama-Pacific Exposition, lessening or cessation of growth. The der the seat I have my smoker fuel; Before stuffing a chicken rub It in
telegraphed the executive shoots remain snort and the leaves in one of the pockets my smoker, and side and out with bacon drippings. Boil in their jackets two dozen
$50,000 to $00,000. The company ab- Thursday
the commemorative bronze tablet stand mure upright There is, how in the other my tools. The framework
potatoes until tender. Peel, and
sorbed the Dragon M erchants’ Mutual that
Instead of stuffing in a chick small
presented to Oregon by the Exposition ever, no such shortening of stems and of the cover is made of 3k by 13k-lnch Sausage
while hot, cut in thin slices and mix
Fire Assurance Association of Dayton, officials
had been sent to this state. leaf ribs as occurs in curly-dwarf, with white pine. The roof Is rubberold. A generous piece of newspaper carefully with two white onions, a cu
and the I’acitic Home Mutual Fire In Mr. Booth's
telegram is as follows:
Its resultant deformation of the plant. Everything under It keeps dry, though crumpled into ridges acts as an effi cumber, a green pepper and half a
surance company of Forest Grove in "F ur the official
opening of the Ore The duration of life of the plant Is I leave it standing in the apiary all cient
dozen radishes, all sliced thin. Sea
1912. Recent large losses and the gon building the weather
drain to all croquettes, fritters, son
was all that shortened >y leaf-roll. This is a rela summer, and at the same time 1 take
with salt and pepper and while
absorption of the two companies are could be desired. We were
doughnuts and bacon.
mix with the following dressing:
ascribed as the cause of the failure. by a splendid crowd, who manifested a may die earilet, as would be expocted in the honey house.
Rubber bands are inexpensive and One-quarter
pound bacon cut into
The three companies had insurance ag spirit
of genuine friendliness. Presi of sick plants.
one-quarter cupful each
gregating about $13,000,000. Ar dent Wilson
to fasten the* waxed paper around of water, vinegar,
wsa represented by M. B. The true leaf-roll is inheritable. The
sugar and one-half
rangements will be made with the Pa Lamar, the governor
FEEDING MASH IN DRY FORM sandwiches, cakes, fruits, etc.
cific States Fire Insurance company to Mayor Rolph spoke for the city and
When running dates or figs through teaspoonful of salt, and one-quarter
a dash of
rew rite as much of this business as Vice President Hale for the exposi diseased progeny, as a general rule. More Equal Distribution of Food Is the meat chopper add a few' drops of cayenne
possible on a 10 per cent basis.
Obtained by Use of Hoppers— lemon Juice to prevent the fruit from ly until brown; then pour over slow
At the close of his address he
Insurance Commissioner Wells said: tion.
Feed Some Cut Bone.
clogging the chopper.
presented to our state a beautiful
the bacon and the fat that has been
"The net premiums received by this commemorative
tablet, which I
fried out, the vinegar to which has
company during 1914 were $80,072 and am forwarding to bronze
Some of the most experienced poul and figs, lettuce, parsley, and so on, been
by express. The
added the water. Mix the sugar,
losses incurred were $89,976, plus an Californians have you
try breeders claim that the best re are exceedingly handy.
fairly won the ad
mustard, salt and pepper and add this
expense of about 30 per cent of the miration of all the people
mixture to the other. Cook until the
premiums received. Practically the
in dry form In hoppers where fowls
commission has made the
Individual Cocoanut Pies.
Is dissolved and while hot pour
name condition prevailed with the position
have access to It at all times. This Beat together the yolks of two eggs, sugar
whole world their debtors. For you I
it over the potatoes. Heap on a plat
business in 1913.
one cupful sugar, three tablespoonfuls ter and around the sides of the dish;
"A short time after I took posses
| the fodfl.
the loyal help of all Oregon
flour and pinch of sa lt Add one pint garnish the top and sides of the
sion of this office it t>ecame apparent pledged
A slight feed of moist mash about boiling milk and stir briskly until it mound
to me from inquiries from all parts of ians. ’'
three times a week in addition to this thickens smoothly. Remove from roses. of salad with radishes cut like
the state that the Horticultural Fire
dry mash is good. It is essential In stove, flavor with vanilla and add
Relief of Oregon, Oregon Merchants' Oregon City—The third spelling bee
this mash that the mixing three-quarters cupful shredded cocoa-
Mutual Fire Assurance Association and in the all-county schedule arranged by
process not be slighted, as a little n u t Pour into individual shells that Half a Meatless
the Pacific Home Mutual Fire Insur County
been previously baked. Make a cupful of water, two-thirds of two-thirds
ance company were having trouble in and Supervisors Vedder and McCor Upper Illustration Shows Yields of better mash and prevent the using of have
of whites of two eggs and of vinegar, one cupful of sugar,
meeting their obligations and also in mack, was held at the Brown school- Healthy and Diseased Hills Caused an excess of water, which tends to a meringue
tablespoonful of sugar and drop on cupful of breadcrumbs, one cupful one
collecting assessments levied during house, near New Era, this week, and by Curly-Dwarf.
Brown in quite hot oven. These chopped raisins, one cupful of minced
the month of December. During the spelling teams representing Browns, Lower Illustration Shows Yields of By mixing green cut bone with the
first part of last month I requested the Iceland, Union Hall, Twilight and New Diseased and Healthy Hilla Caused mash in the quantity hereinafter giv are truly delicious.
apples, one tablespoonful of clove«,
president and secretary of these com Era districts were present. The by Leaf-Roll.
one tablespoonful of cinnamon, one
panies to call at this office for a con schools are divided into two divisions,
grated, and add a piece of but
for laying hens.
Here is a way to use cold pota nutmeg
ference. They readily accepted this one composed of the fourth and fifth This affords a means of distinguishing equaled
size of a hen’s egg. Mix all
Probably the best way to feed this toes which may be new: Melt three the ingredients
invitation, and in discussing their fu grades and the other of the sixth, sev from the genuine leaf-roll those tern ration
and heat the mixture
give the flock a quantity tablespoonfuls of butter, odd three thoroughly without
ture plans, it was decided a thorough enth and eighth. Miss Ruth Floyd, of porary conditions which give rise to a which is they to will
really allowing it
tablespoonfuls of flour and add grad to cook, stirring It often. While hot,
investigation be made by an expert the Iceland school, won in the lower slmllai appearance of the plants.
eight to ten minutes.
ually 13k cups of milk When thick
insurance accountant. This met with division, and Miss Easter Noble, of All those who are best acquainted from
into the pie pans, baking it with
This should be given them three ened add one cupful each cooked fill
their approval and they employed W. Union Hall, was second.
string beans, peas and cold boiled po
sults of planting diseased seed stock runs so that each fowl will receive on tatoes.
cut in cubes. Season with salt
"The results of this investigation
showed these three companies to be in Hood River—Indications point to an In the control of the disease and ol an averago of one ounce at each feed and paprika and let stand 15 minutes One pint of liver, chopped coarse
such financial condition that the board
hot water before serving. As and measured after chopping. In fry
interest in its bearing on the words, about one-half ounce of green over
increased strawl>erry crop in the Hood great
this calls for other vegetables it may ing pan melt one tablespoonful of but
River valley. Strawberries have been not communicable from diseased to cut bone per fowl per day is consid help to use up the leftovers.
Annapolis Post Is Won.
ter, add one teaspoonful of flour and
blend well. Now add one cupful of
Klamath Falls— Leon Boiler, of this profitable in the past few years, and healthy plants Is the conclusion to be ered the right am ount
fruit has been planted on many addi drawn from all available evidence.
water gradually, while stirring, and
city, has just been advised by Repre tional
Alfalfa V ersus Timothy.
with salt and pepper. Stir in
sentative Sinnott that he has won the growers’ association shipped 100 car
In one ton of alfalfa hay there are
roasted coffee into a pint of milk the liver and simmer for 20 minutes.
highest place In the competitive exam loads of strawberries. “ I think that
1,044 pounds of digestible nutrients, of fresh
six ounces of loaf sugar; let it Just before serving add one teaspoon
ination here February 15 for appoint the Underwood strawberry crop will be 8heep infested with ticks will not which 220 pounds are digestible pro with
leave It to get cold; strain It ful of lemon juice.
ment to the United States Naval Acad of about the same quantity of last fatten no m atter how much feed and tein. In one ton of timothy hay there on the yolks
eggs in a double
emy at Annapolis, and that he has y ear's," says S. C. Clark, who has one care are given. The man who gives are 926 pounds of digestible nutrients, boiler and stir of six
the fire till the
Making Dustless Dusters.
been appointed principal by Mr. Sln- of the largest tracts in the Underwood his sheep over to ticks through th« of which 56 pounds are digestible pro custard thickens; on when
cold Wring out pieces of cheesecloth in
nott. Claude Hill, also of this city, district of Skamania county, Washing winter may expect little return for the tein. The nutrients in the timothy work into it a gill and quite
a half of hot water and saturate with crude oil.
won second place, and accordingly has
hay are furnished a little cheaper than
cream; freeze the mixture; Another way of making a dustless
been named first alternate. This is ton, just across the Columbia.
If, during the winter, your sheep in the alfalfa, but the protein in the whipped
fill the mold and keep on ice duster is to saturate the cheesecloth
the second tim e that Klamath Falls
show any indication of scab, give then alfalfa is far cheaper than in the tim then
tim e of serving.
with kerosene oil and hang It in the
youths have carried ofT the honors in Salem — A rthur Lawrence, of Port a thorough dipping. If you wait until othy. As a dairy feed we would con
sunlight to dry.
Annapolis tests in this district.
sider alfalfa hay cheaper at $26 per
land, was reappointed state printer by
ton than timothy at $20.
board of control Thursday. His chances are against them.
Paste a round piece of black velvet
To Improve Chocolate's Flavor.
Junction d tp Farmers Organize. the
salary is $1800 a year, which ia fixed Keep sheep dry, quiet and warm dur
drop of cinnamon extract and
Cracks Bad Ventilators.
Junction City — The farm ers here by statute.
or four drops of vanilla added
have organised a branch of the Farm R. A. Harris, under the old law, re
Having cracks in the barn is not a
with them slipping up and to a pot of chocolate will greatly Im
ers, Educational Co-operative Union of ceived $4000 a year. William Plimp
good system of ventilation. A draft bothered
Green Feed for Ewes.
prove Its flavor.
America. The purposes of the organ ton, secretary of the department, re A little green feed in the form ol of cold air causes the cow much dis down.
ization is to assist the farm ers in se ceived $2000 a year under the old law, roots such as turnips or beets, Is good comfort Windows hinged at the bot
Prevent Tam-o’-Shanter Shrinking.
Good Thing to Know.
curing better markets and to purchase and Mr. Lawrence haa suggested to for the ewes, but too much of it is in tom when partly open will allow the To When
washing a child's tam-o'- An excellent way to remove the
at better rates. Hector Mcl’herson, the board that he should continue to jurlous, as it makes the lambs so# fresh air to enter and not strike the shanter hat.
If you dry it over a dia odor of onions from the hands Is to
of the Oregon Agricultural college, receive that salary, or more, if the and useless when dropped.
rub them with a raw potato or parsley.
board sees fit to allow it.
S a u around