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About The Stayton mail. (Stayton, Marion County, Or.) 1895-current | View This Issue
Germans Said Willing
Germany Is Closed to
in Mexico Causes
NEWS NOTES OF Crisis Washington
to Make Concessions
All Traffic by Allies WAR SERIOUSLY
Much Alarm GAIN IN WHEAT
London. A dispatch to Reuters Tel Washington, D. C. By the “ un
D. C.—-President Wil
egram company from Athens says; limited
of their enemies,
was confronted with one of the
CURRENT WEEK son most Washington,
"The allied fleet Thursday bombard the allies blockade”
serious and perplexing develop
ed and reduced to silence the forts of
Durdanus, llaiutdieh and Tchemerllk, with the world, which prior to the
on the Asiatic side of the Inside Dar war was valued as follows:
danelles. The telegraph station at llo- Germany, $4,800,000,000.
zlkal also was demolished.
“The bombardment was carried out Turkey, $275,000,000,
by nltio ships, which advanced two The trade of these countries with
tulles up the straits.“
United States during the last year
A Paris dispatch says the Havas the
was valued a t :
Army Seems to Fade Away, But
News Agency gave out a dispatch con Germany,
The Middle West is having a severe
New Record Is Expected tor Third firming
Movement to fYont Is Indi
Consecutive Year Acreage Parts Matin that an allied fleet re Austria-Hungary,
cated Nothing Is Said.
Austria ia said to have refused aid
Increase Is Big.
sumed the bombardment of the Dar
to Turkey in her present engagement
danelles Tuesday morning.
This dispatch, dated at Athens I-ondon—If the combined Hoots of
with the allies' fleet.
Britain and France can prevent Ijondon — London Is settling down
M. F. Berry, originator of the pres
Chicago — Indications point to a March
"The bombardment of the Interior Great
wheat crop of more than 900,000,000 fortifications
ent system of express and postal
of the Dardanelles was it no commodities of any kind except to the pace of war. Two months ago
bushels this year, against 891,000,000 resumed tills morning. The allies have those now on the seas shall henceforth, It was a common saying that the aver
money orders, ia dead.
bushels harvested last year. This, if a total of 62 warships on the scene. until the conclusion of the war, reach age I/Onduner Ix’haved as though noth
The Minnesota legislature has re
realised, will make the third consecu Five of them entered the straits or leave the shores of Germany.
fused to submit a woman suffrage
ing were happening which involved
While this movement was going on
tive record-breaking crop.
amendment to the people.
buttleships began tho bombard This is England's answer to Ger him and his empire. The contrast be
The United States last year raised four
of the Turkish positions fronting
The British now claim that the war
684.990.000 bushels of winter wheat ment
submarine blockade and it is to tween this Imperturbable capital and
the r.ulf of Saros, which is separ many's
will be short, and that their artillery,
and set a new record. It was one of on
bo effective forthwith.
quiet, grief-stricken Paris, or
once weak, now dominates.
the best things that ever happened to lipoli Peninsula.”
Premier Asquith, reading from a closed,
Brussels, struck the observer,
this country to have a bumper crop, as The admiralty Issued the following prepared statem ent, made this an
Bombardment of Turkey by the al
with a disagreeable sense
lied fleets continues and the probable
all Europe and obtain the highest tho Turkish forts by the Anglo-French Tuesday afternoon at a session which of contrast.
results are that Constantinople will
prices in years.
fle e t:
will be historic. Studiously avoiding Now it la’gins to look like a city at
This year it is possible to raise 700,- "The operations in the Dardanelles the terms “ blockade” and “ contra war. It is true that the shops are all
resumed at II o'clock Monday
Having “ abstained" during all of
000,000 bushels bushels or more of were
for these words occur nowhore open; it is true that theaters, hotels
morning when tho Triumph. Ocean band”
February, the moon will be full twice
winter wheat with favorable conditions and
in the prepared statem ent — the pre and concert-halls and cafes are run
during March. This is the first occur
to harvest. This, with a spring wheat tacked Fort No. 8 and the butteries nt mier explained that after this day the ning. But the change In London is a
ence since 1846.
crop estimated at 240,000,000 bushels, White t'llff. The fire was returned allies considered themselves justified subtler thing than these mere external
which is not a high figure, will make by the forts and also by field guns in attempting, and would attem pt, to appearances show.
A prominent St. Paul clubwoman
the wheat crop reach 940,000,000 bush and howitzers.
“ detain and take into |>ort ships car Most of all, one notices the lack of
drops dead in the statehouse of that
els. The wheat crop last spring was a “An air reconnaissance made by rying goods of presumed enemy destin young men on the streets. In Paris,
state just after appealing to the legis
during Octolier and November, the
naval seaplanes in the evening brought ation, ownership or origin.”
poor one—only 206,000,000 bushels.
lature for prison reforms.
the report that successful new gun The premier emphasised, however, crowds gave a curious appearance of
The officials of the city of Portland
positions hud been prepared by the that vessels and cargoes so seised were weakness, of languorous movement,
000, an increase of 4,135,000 acres, or enemy
but that no guns were erected
have figured that the earnings of the
necessarily liable to confiscation which, upon analysis, proved to In- due
In them. The seaplanes also located not
jitney busses total $2.57 per day.
bogged the patience of neutral to that absence of young and lusty
There are 337 cars in use.
ever known. The plant has come surface
countries In tho face of a step through men. Then you came to London and
through the winter in unusually good minesweepers covered by destroyers which they were likely to suffer. He found the streets full of vigorous, red
Operation of the New York State
condition and indications are thut swept within a mile and a half of Capa added that in making such a step the cheeked young Englishmen. That type
alien law was suspended by the Su
there will be little less in acreage Kephez and their work which was car allies had done so In self defense. is fast disappearing; the young men
preme court. It was contended the
from various causes up to harvest. The ried out under fire, is reported to have “ Wo are quite prepared,” he went on, you see here, ss in Paris, look charac
building of the subway would be de
estim ate of 700,000,000 bushels of beeu excellent."
“ to submit to the arbitram ent of neu teristically small and weak unfit ma
layed by the law.
opinion and still more to the ver terial to go against the guns.
The German submarine U-8 has been
impartial history, that In the You begin to believe what many
sunk by destroyers belonging to the
per acre of slightly more than 17 bush
circumstances in which we have been Englishmen whisper that the Kitch
Dover flotilla, according to announce
els, or about two bushels an acre less Washington, D. C.—Many features placed wo have t>een moderate; we ener army ia larger than the author
ment by the minister of marine. The
than last year. For spring wheat, of the elaborate exercises planned for have been restrained; we have ab ities have let us know.
crew were taken prisoners.
which is yet to be seeded, the estimate the formal opening of the Panama stained from things that we were pro There’s the feeling of war in the
is based on an acreage of 18,000,000 canal in July will be abandoned as voked and attempted to do, and we air, too, an indescribable sense of
Four fires broke out almost simul
acres and a yield of 13 bushels an the result of the action of congress in have adopted a policy which commends something very grave and serious
taneously in a horse and mule barn at
acre, or the same as harvested in 1913, refusing to make tho appropriation for itself to reason, to common sense and afoot. 1 realized it moat fully when I
Kansas City in which were 800 horses
dined in one of the large and fiopular
when the crop was 240,000,000 bush the purpose asked for by Secretary to justice.”
belonging to the British government. Real Winter Is Raging
Picadilly restaurants. Externally,
els. ‘As prices are high it is expected Garrison, of the War department.
The horses were saved only by opening
appropriation requested was to the front in khaki or unavoidably the crowd looked about the same as
all the gates of the barn and driving Chicago—Old W inter played a fur that with an early spring farmers in d e The
f r a y the expenses of a trip to the
Northwest will put in the largest canal
the animals loose into the streets.
was in his seat to hear the ever, though the dining room was not
by President Wilson, members detained
ious return engagement all over the the
and there was so full as ‘ in normal times. There
A fter two years of almost continu Middle West Saturday and is rapidly 19,000,000 acres, against 17,533,000 of congress, members of the diplo frequent cheering. speech
The galleries were were the same well-groomed English
ous session the 63d congress, which re extending the performance to the East harvested
eign governments and other special (lacked. When the premier concluded men in sm art evening dress; there
vised the tariff and the currency sys and Southeast.
guests. Including ex-Presidents Roose his set statem ents and, turning to the were the same not-quite-so-well-
tem of the nation, supplemented the Dispatches tell of heavy snow in
velt and Taft. Provision also was to speaker, said, “ That, sir, is our re groomed English women in evening
trust laws, created an income tax and Iowa, Nebraska and other states. 47 Rescued After 96
be made for a banquet and other en ply,” there was a tremendous outburst. dress which ranged from sm art to
experienced the first popular election Trains are delayed in many directions
ents on the Isthmus, for gold Curiously, the German reply to the dowdy; there were the same liveried
Hours Underground tertainm
of United States senators, ended at and stalled dead on small branch lines.
nn-duls. souvenirs ami for the printing American
note seeming to solve the doorkee|H-ra and attentive waiters. To
noon March 4.
In the cities transportation was badly Hinton, W. Va.—Forty-seven miners of special invitations.
situation growing out of Germany's the eye the only marks of war were
“ Unless neutral nations are pre
of a naval war zone, was the khaki uniforms officers seizing a
himself would not go to tho for declaration
of the Layland mines of the dent
pared to assist in throwing the Ger lining, for it provided work for thous workings
at Ber last, chance to take out their fiances
New River & Pocahontas Consolidated July, but it Is possible that he may lin and Premier Asquith, Gerard
mans out of Belgium, no suggestions ands of unemployed.
or their families. Finally the music
company, wrecked by an ex change his present plans. Tho Navy said that Great Britain and her Sfieech
from them in the m atter of preventing The storm swept up from the South Coal
allies stopped, and I was struck by the si
the further devastation of that country
has an appropriation for were carefully considering the Amer lence. I thought at first that no one
who had been four days and four department
to the canal and It ican note to them on the same subject. was talking at all. 1 had to strain my
are wanted,” said Sir Edward Grey, Then came the snow, preceded by a men,
nights without food or drink, came was said that fleet
some kind of exercises That the British government had re ears to perceive that they were all
the foreign secretary, in the British blast of small hail. There had been again
into the light of day to be greet probably would bo held.
no warning of the storm, which struck
house of commons.
but in subdued tones. An
ed by joyous relatives and friends.
All of the president's plans for the jected the proposal, he declared, was talking,
English dinner crowd is never noisy,
W illiam W illett’s daylight saving creased in intensity as morning ap Rescuers, headed by J. W. Paul, of spring and summer months were said “ quite untrue.”
but never before have I heard in a
bill, which was discussed in the British
to bo dependent on the international
The city awoke to find an the bureau of mines; Early Henry, situation.
such quiet as this. The
parliament in the spring of 1809, pro proached.
inch of snow over everything and the chief of the State department of going by train to San Francisco later Protestants, Catholics and mi Kid of England was In it, 1 think,
vided for the earlier use of daylight wind
mines, and H. M. Bertelot, general this month were said to be brighter,
are going about the accustomed
Jews Sign Peace Letter t They
by putting forward the clock 20 min later the snowfall had increased to two manager of the company, entered mine he will make no final arrangem ents
of life, but their hearts and
utes on four successive Sundays in and
New York—The Church Peace Un their thoughts
No. 3. Tearing down a brattice work
are in Flanders.
April and reversing the process on four rain. one-half inches and was turning to to let in fresh air, they found five men for the present.
ion, founded a year ago by Andrew
Sundays in September. This proced The fury of the storm was most vis who seized and kissed them. The men Three More torts In
Carnegie, through its secretary, the
ure, it was argued, would bring more ible on Lake Michigan, which had been were able to walk to the mine en
Rev. Frederick Lynch, made public Great Britain Insists
Dardanelles Quit Action here
tim e at the end of the day for recrea whipped into a violent rage. Roaring trance unaided. They had barricaded
a message which the union has
On Power of Mary
tion while the sun was still up. The seas swept over the breakwaters and themselves under the direction of one Paris.—The following supplementary addressed to “ the churches and clergy
measure never became law in England. choked the mouth of the river. Lake of their number, Sam Morici.
by the French war office: and church people against partisanship ting the English order-in-council
The author of the bill has just died.
mariners said it was the worst storm Continuing the search, the rescuers Thursday
"It can be said that in the Argonne, in discussing the European war. and German commerce into effect, it ia
encountered another brattice about 500 where
Further relief to Belgians from the of the season.
we hail been constantly attack protesting against the present agita said authoritatively, will explain the
United States is not guaranteed by the
ed since December, the roles in tho tion
for increased armaments. This details as to how the admiralty will
they found 42 men alive. The miners last three weeks have been reversed.
England Continues to
to be the first time in church proceed in enforcing the sweeping
An English traw ler was sunk in the
cendancy. The effect Is salutary in history that Catholics and Protestants order.
English channel by a German mine. London—Little light was thrown on was the hero who compelled his little these local actions, of which the Ar have joined in signing a common letter The exact date of the order has not
The crew of 11 men were saved.
is the theater, to feel that more addressed to the churches. The Peace yet been decided on, but it will prob
the steps that Great Britain will take party to barricade themselves, so did gonne more
the enemy is at our mercy Union’s letter is signed by Cardinal ably be published in a few days.
Congress has re-convened and it is to enforce her declared intention to Hugh McMillan and John Whalen prac and
and that our moral superiority is as Gibbons
of Baltimore, and Archbishop Great Britain has not yet prepared
predicted that the session will hold un stop trade to and from Germany. De tically force the larger party to build sured.
til the gavel falls at noon March 4.
velopments on the declaration hinge on a rude barricade to shut out the nox "We have obtained this result by a Glennon, of St. I-ouis. The president her answer to the American note sub
the union is the Right Rev. David mitted to the British and German gov
order-in-council which, it has been ious afterdamp.
series of limited operations, energeti of
Many Americans traveling as “ horse an
Greer, Protestant Episcopal Bishop ernments looking to the withdrawal of
tenders” on vessels bound for England definite date for the issuance of which rescue lay in keeping out the gas and German forces which confront us are of New
the submarine blockade and the con
and France, with promise of good pay
afterdamp, McMillan and Whalen extremely courageous wo feel that at At the first meeting of the Church tinuance of food movements to Ger
and return ticket, are stranded in has Officials
given point and moment we are mas Peace Union on February 10, 1914, it many for civil population.
make it clear at every op made their companions, mostly foreign a ters
those countries, and are appealing to portunity that
and can do what wo wish.”
was announced that Mr. Carnegie had The publication of the text of the
the American consuls for assistance. prisals will be outlined in such a man Behind this barricade the 42 waited in The statem ent gives tho details of made
.«ndqWnien^j)^ $2,600;000, American note and Germany’s-reply in
of these engagements, which it its aim it a^ being
the furtherance of the tRe IiOndnn (lapers has attracted wide
The exchange of maimed prisoners ner that further negotiations will not the darkness 96 hours until the res one
cause of international peace through attention.
through Geneva began Wednesday be precluded, insofar as the declara cuers came.
with the arrival of 1800 Frenchmen tion affects neutrals. Meanwhile food The rescued men suffered severely "Action began In a ravine near Fon the united efforts of all religious bod The English view, which will un
and 800 Germans. The transfer was stuffs from the United States destined from lack of food and drink. Medical taine Madame at 8 o'clock In tho morn ies. Twenty-nine prominent clergy doubtedly be embodied in the note to
made under the auspices of the SwiBs to neutral countries continue to be de aid was given them promptly and they ing,” says the report, "five companies men and churchmen, representing all the American government, is that the
Red Cross society. The soldiers trav layed without explanations which sat were taken to their homes. All, it is being charged with the attack. Wo denominations, includnig Jewish or suggestions propose that Great Britain
exploded three mines under trenches ganizations, were appointed trustees. virtually forego the strength of her
believed, will recover.
eled in special coaches, which were isfy shippers.
enemy, while our artillery crushed It is these men who have signed the position due to her superior navy. In
guarded by the miltary. Approxi Chicago packers are much annoyed Fifty-three men, including those of
under a hot fire. Three minutes message in question. Following is one other words. Great Britain feels that
mately a ton of gifts were there aw ait over the delay at Falmouth since Feb found Sunday, had been rescued alive; them
our columns debouched from the striking paragraphs in the let Germany is trying to have the neutrals
ing the unfortunates, who probably ruary 20 of the Norwegian steamer
branches of trenches and stormed tho of
perform duties for her which she could
will number from 4000 to 5000 men Vitalia. There are no prospects for or more were unaccounted for. All German
carry out had she a superior
from each country.
the release of the steamer, although it but 11 of the dead have been brought "We penetrated In three different “ Partisanship is adding fuel to fires (wssibly
quarters, killing all the occupants of of passion which already are too hot. navy.
The bill charging manslaughter is said everything possible has been out.
should allay prejudice, not Furthermore, the British govern
against a provincial police officer and done to comply with the British re The rescue parties worked feverishly the trenches, 75 Infantrymen and about Clergymen
following the rescue of the 47, but 30 prisoners. We took four wounded intensify it. Each of the warring na ment, it is asserted, will ask what
three Candadian soldiers who last fall quirements.
prisoners. At 8:30 o’clock we had tions believes in the justice of its assurance the United States can give
fired on two American duck hunters, Owners of the cargo gave specific found no more alive.
gained at least 350 yards of the ene cause”
that Germany would not resume her
W alter Smith and Charles Dorscb, guarantees that the food was for Hol
submarine aevities after she had ob
Submarine Scare Abates.
killing Smith and wounding his com land consumption, yet the ship is still
tained sufficient food under the relaxed
Neutral Rams Submarine.
panion, was dismissed by the Welland being held.
London—A dispatch to Reuter’ Tele
Trade With Europe Gains.
regulations to enable her to carry on
county grand jury. The shooting,
analysis of Ameri
the war indefinitely.
which resulted in diplomatic corre
Miners Hold •’Till Death." land, says an easier feeling with re ca’s Washington.—An
foreign trado for January, issued man submarine when it was rammed
spondence between the United States Wheeling, W. Va.—The convention gard
the German submarine block by the departm ent of commerce, show by the steamer Thordis off Beachy
Times Witnesses Dead.
and Great Britain, occurred on the Ni of the fifth Ohio sub-district, United ade is to indicated
the announcement ed in detail the amount of the tremen Head is reported by the captain of Los Angeles—Two
agara River. A fter a protest had Mineworkers of America, which repre that beginning by March
9 passenger dous increases in exports to many Eu the steamer, which has just arrived
been made by Washington the Domin
ion government paid to Sm ith’s rela sents directly the 15,000 striking East Zeeland company will be considerably ropean nations and tho decreases In “ We sighted the submarine when it in the prosecution of M. to A. the
tives $10,000 and a lesser sum was ern Ohio miners, voted unanimously to extended. At present the British au shipments to the principal countries of was 40 yardB away,” the captain de and David Caplan, Alleged participants
hold out for a 17-rent mining rate “ till
given to Dorsch.
death.” The operators have offered thorities permit only 200 passengers to Latin America, as compared with Jan clared. “ It fired a torpedo, which in the conspiracy to blow up the I, ob
uary, 1914. No American products missed us by a few feet. Then we Angeles Times building in 1910, are
Two Portland women, touring the 44.61 cents. The action of the conven leave England daily.
Hawaiian Islands, were killed in an tion is expected to have an Important The rush of passengers in Flushing reached Austria during the month, the put tho helm hard to starboard and dead, according to reports received at
automobile accident by being thrown bearing on the efforts of Secretary of bound for England is enormous. Thou report showed, but shipments to Ger rammed the periscope. There was a the office of the district attorney. One
over a precipice.
Labor Wilson to settle the strike. The sands are awaiting accommodations. many showed Increases as compared crash and we saw nothing more of the of these was George H. Phillips, su
with the first months of the war.
perintendent of the powder plant at
being made by Secretary Wil
The press of Germany is practically son, however,
Giant, Cal., from which the dynamite
unanimous in upholding the new note deliberations of the convention.
used to destroy the Times building was
Comet Is Coming Nearer.
Utah House Votes Dry.
Paris—The ministry of war an
from America dealing with the trans
purchased. The other was Manuel Sil
portation of foodstuffs by neutrals to
va, a boy employe at the same place.
a small telescope, Is increas by a vote of 40 to 6. It passed the
Berlin—The Overseas News Agency meet every eventuality the government through
and will make its per
Each employe of the City of Port gave out the follownig: “ The Social has decided to concentrate in North ing In brilliancy
Land Grant Suit Advanced.
about two weeks ago. The
passage around the nun on July senate
land, is now required to keep a card ist deputy, Haenisch, speaking in the Africa an expeditionary force. This ihelion
C__ The Oregon and
20, according to computations made to prohibit the manufacture of wino California land I). grant
index which contains the actual num Prussian diet, expressed the feelings will be ready to put to sea at the first by
suit will be
ber of hours worked per day, enumer of the Social Democrats and said that sign that it is needed and be directed Young of the Students’ Observatory, for sacramental or personal use, and argued before the Supreme court April
ating the kinds of work performed, the party desired to secure honorable to the point where its presence is re Berkeley, Cal. This was announced at to make It effective July 1, 1916, in 19, the court having advanced the case
peace. ’ ’
the Harvard Observatory Thursday. stead of June 1, 1916.
on motion of tha attorney general.
Resume of World’s Important
Events Told in Brief.
ments that has ever arisen in the Mex
ican situation. Mexico City is on the
verge of starvation. General Obre-
gon, the Carranza commander, refuses
to permit an international relief com
mittee composed of wealthy members
of the foreign colony to succor the
“ Mexico needs no foreign aid,” the
general is reported to have said.
All the merchants who closed their
stores have been ordered to reopen un
der threat of punishment. Three hun
dred of them, all Mexicans, have been
imprisoned. The people of the city
are living in terror of another evacua
tion, since Obregon has announced that
he will not prevent looting or pillaging
for food or money.
The Braxilian, British. Spanish and
Italian ambassadors called separately
at the State department, bringing pes
simistic reports of the situation, which
corresponded to reports already receiv
ed by the American government. The
foreign diplomats suggested no solu
Secretary Bryan announced that he
had sent an urgent telegram to Amer
ican Consul Silliman with instructions
to lay the situation earnestly before
General Carranza, so that General
Obregon might be directed to accept
the proffered aid of the foreign resi
dents. Freight service is suspended
between Mexico City and Vera Cruz.
Transportation facilities for relief
purposes are withheld by Genera!
Obregon on the ground of military
President Wilson was advised of all
the facts as revealed in official mes
sages and reports from the foreign am
bassadors. The President was report
ed to be studying the various phases
of the question closely. Should Gen
eral Obregon continue to refuse out
side aid, drastic measures might be
necessary, in the view of foreigin dip
lomats. The situation is described by
them as more nearly intolerable than
it ever has been since revolutionary
troubles began in the Southern repub
940,000,000 Bushels Is Total
In Prospect Now.
Subtle Change Seen in General
Feeling of People.