Mt. Scott herald. (Lents, Multnomah Co., Or.) 1914-1923, August 26, 1915, Image 3

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{ capons
brini 3 F’REMIUM OVEFi roosters ]
Oregon Cadets Praised.
Oregon Agricultural Collego, Cor­
vallis A lelterjfrom Brigadier Gen­
eral Tanker II. Bliss, chief of staff,
United States Army, at Waahlngton,
I). C., to the Oregon Agricultural col­
lege, aaya that the attention of Secre­
tary Garrison has been drawn to the
aatiafactory improvement and steady
progress of the work of the military
department here.
The reporta were
based on the lateat annual inspection
of the cadet regiment by Captain W.
T. Merry, who haa been the inspecting
officer for tho last three years.
The cadet regimont is ranked in the
second highest'claaa attainable by ca­
dets of institutions other than solely
Oregon Permit Refused.
Salem — Corporation Commiaaioner
Schulderman haa denied the American
Banking Credit company, with head­
quarters In Chicago and incorporated
in Delaware, a permit to do bulsneaa
In this slate.
The company haa an
investment and loan scheme which Mr.
Schulderman haa decided is not feas­
He does not believe it can make
Not only did the food supply fall In Mexico City, but for days at a time the water supply was cut off and
the loans promised with its means of
at all wells water was sold at a high price. The photograph shows one of those wells, the owner of which was
ejected by force In order that the poor people might get water.
Tt^do business In Oregon, according
to Mr. Schulderman, the company
would have to comply with the build­
ing and loan laws and the banking
laws, which it has not intimated it
would do.
Oregon Foliage Pleases.
Portland — A thoroughly successful
convention was that of the American
Association of Park Superintendents,
held In San Francisco last week, ac­
cording to*E. T. Mische, of Portland,
who was elected the association's pres­
Many members present wore highly
pleased with what they saw when
passing through Oregon. Some of the
greatest men In their line in the coum
try did not realise the variety of foli­
age we have in Oregon. They were
very much surprised and impressed.
Sandy Crops Are Large.
Sandy—Farmers near this place and
at George, Dover and Firwood are har­
Scene tn Russian Polant when a German Infantry company halted in the course of a hot and hard march
vesting, ami the cropa of oats, wheat
and barley will be larger than ever be­ /ong enough to permit the tired soldiers to refresh themselves with a swim In a stream.
fore and the yield to the acre greater,
according to the reports received here.
The yield of hay also is large.
E. C.
Read, near Cherryville, haa a field of
beardless barley that is exciting com­
ment. He will save seed for future
cropa of the same sort.
Much road work is in progress, and
crushed rock is being used extensively
on all the roads near this place.
Eccles Mill to Start Short Run,
Banks — The big 1200,000 Eccles
lumber mill, completed more than a
year ago here, Is preparing for a brief
run. The company plans to run the
planer and finish up the lumber now on
hand for shipment, which will require [
about a month.
Thereafter the mill!
anti logging camp may be operated
about a month, or long enough to re­
stock the yards.
After being com­
pleted the mill ran about 30 days and
then was compelled to close on account
of the poor market.
Log Air Line Record Made.
Klamath Falls — A record run of
155,000 feet of timber was made
Wednesday over the Algoma Lumber
company’s lift recently constructed
over the mountain north of its plant a
miles, according to Manager
The lift is double-tracked,
2800 feet in length ami extends over a
mountain 800 feet high. The mill is
now cutting 3,500,000 feet of lumber
each month and is employing nearly
200 men.
Pests Boom Egg Output.
Baker—Grasshoppers, a [test in the
John Day country for years, this sea­
son have become a blessing.
Ira G. Boyce, an oldtime merchant
at John Day, says eggs are more plen­
tiful than in years because of the
abundance of this delicacy for the
chickens to feed on, and that the Au-
gust record of production will beat any
in its history. The grasshoppers are
more numerous than ever at this time
of year.
The ancient and historical tower of
Ilawa on tho River Rawka. In Russian
Poland, as It appeared after the bom­
"Native daughter" of California kissing the Liberty Iloll after it had com­ bardment by artillery and Infantry that
pleted Its triumphant journey to tho Panama-Pacific exposition. It has boen resulted in the capture of the city
by the Germans.
installed In the Pennsylvania building to remain until December 1.
Chinook to Dredge Channel Shoal.
Astoria — To work on the shoal be­
tween the channel in which she has
been digging ami what is known as the
south channel, off the end of the jetty,
the dredge Chinook is now in the
mouth of the river.
The removal of
thia shoal, which is expected to be ac­
complished before fall, will provide
one main channel 8500 feet wide and
carrying a depth of approximately 30
feet at low tide.
Ranch Is Sold for *31,000.
Klamath Falla—The well-known Bill
Smith ranch, comprising 720 acres,
near Bly, 50 miles northeast of here,
was purchased by L. A. Brittan, for­
merly a prominent rancher of Boze­
man, Mont., for 131,000 cash.
Brittan will stock the ranch with 250
dairy cows and 1000 sheep, as it is
ideally located at the junction of the
north and south forks of the Sprague
These stone barricades were erected by the Germans In the Alsatian
village of Requievllle, after it had been taken from the French.
Building a Molasses Ship.
Another large shipbuilding contract
obtained by the Gore River Shipbuild­
ing corporation has been announced.
It Is a tank steamor for the Cuban
Distilling company and is a sister ship
of the steamer now in course of con­
struction at the yards, which will be
called the Cubadist. The newer ship
contracted for is to be 889 feet long.
54 feet 6 inches beam, 32 feet 6 inches
depth and 9.000 tons displacement. It
will bo capable of carrying 2.500,000
gallons of molasses. About a year
will be required to construct this ves
The contract is the second received
within two weeks, the former being
for a 10,000-ton cargo capacity freight
steamer for Edgar E. Luckenbach of
New York. The yard now has about
5,000 employees.—Boston Transcript
Thia Fish Is Educated.
Theodore Sharp, a fisherman of San
dusky, Ohio, claims to be the owner
of the only educated carp in exis­
tence. Sharp says the carp, which
weighs nearly 40 pounds, and when
out of the water resembles to a
marked degree a fat hog. will come to
him when he whistles; that it wtll eat
out of his hand and that when he Is
out in a boat will follow him around,
swimming close astern near the sur­
Typical Capon, a Wyandotte—Notice the Absence of Comb, Wattles and the
Long Hackle Feathers, and the Plump, Well-Filled Body.
^Prepared ky the United States Depart­
ment of Agriculture.I
sale and the price. If they are shipped
in warm weather they should be
Capons sell best during the winter
packed In Ice.
months, especially from Christmas to
It is extremely difficult to make any
the end of .March, and are regularly
general statement concerning the
quoted in
markets, usually at a
profits yielded by capons. That they
very substantial premium over roost­
do yield a profit in practically all cases
ers. The high price paid for capons
Is undoubtedly true, but whether the
is merited because of the excellent
profit is sufficient to give up to them
quality of their flesh. The cockerel
the time and room they require is a
and capon make about an equal devel­
question which must be settled by
opment when they are both young, but
each man’s experience and by local
the capon soon outstrips the cockerel
in growth. The capon finishes off and
fattens more readily and economically. Cattle Losses From Tapeworm Cysts.
The prevalence of tapeworm cysts
Cockerels, after they are five months
old, usually bring 12 to 18 cents a In the muscles of cattle depends upon
pound. If held longer than this, how­ two things, the widespread custom of
ever, they become "staggy” and are eating raw or rare beef and general
classed as old roosters, and do not carelessnes in the disposal of human
bring more than 6 to 12 cents a pound. excreta. These cysts are Immature
Capons in season, that is. during the stages of tapeworms, which develop to
winter months, and especially about maturity when eaten by human beirgs
holiday time, bring 18 to 25 cents and in raw or imperfectly cooked beef.
often more per pound. In localities Cattle acquire the cysts solely as a
where especially fine poultry Is raised, result of swallowing the eggs of the
capons usually sell at somewhat bet­ tapeworm, which occur in enormous
ter prices than roosters, but the differ­ numbers in the Intestinal dejecta of
ence is not great. In fact. In the Bos­ human tapeworm carriers. The propa­
ton market many capons are picked gation of the parasite would be stopped
clean and sold as "South shore roast­ if no one ate beef unless it was thor­
ers ” The market for capons depends oughly cooked, or if human excreta
largely on local conditions, but the were universally disposed of In a sani­
demand continues good notwithstand­ tary manner.
The prevention of tapeworms in hu­
ing the fact that more are raised each
man beings and of tapeworm cysts in
As capons are not usually marketed ' cattle is therefore essentially simple.
Beef should not be eaten raw or 1m-
before Christmas or the first of Janu­
ary, they have to be boused during the ' perfectly cooked. Dried beef, however,
late fall and early winter. Because of may be eaten uncooked with impunity,
their quiet disposition they stand as tapeworm cysts will not withstand
crowding quite well and have been the curing and drying to which this
successfully housed with only two or product is subjected. As a general
three square fest of floor space to a rule, hewever. uncooked meat is un­
fowl. It is better, however, to allow safe; raw pork is particularly danger­
ous because it is liable to be infested
four to five feet if possible.
During the last month or month and with parasites known as trichinae,
a half before marketing, the corn in which produce the serious disease
tho ration should be gradually in­ trichinosis.
Persons harboring tapeworms, espe­
creased until the fowls are on a full
fattening ration. For the last two or cially if they live on farms where cat­
three weeks it is desirable to shut tle are kept, should take appropriate
them up and feed them in crates, for medicinal treatment for the removal
every possible ounce at this stage adds of the parasites under the direction of
to the appearance and profit. Machine a physician.
cramming is sometimes practiced the
Farms should be provided with sani­
last week with excellent results.
tary privies (see Farmers’ Bulletin
Killing and Dressing for Market
463, in which various types of these
The capons selected for killing buildings are described). Particular
should be confined for 24 hours with­ care should be taken that human in­
out feed or water, to completely empty testinal dejecta are not deposited in
their crops. The usual method of kill­ barns, barnyards, pastures or in other
ing is known as the sticking method. places favorable to the contamination
Tho fowl is hung up by the feet, the of grass, hay or other fodder, or drink­
head held in the left hand, and the ing water. The barnyard manure pile
whole body stretched to full length. Is a particularly objectionable place,
Tho mouth is forced open and, by as cattle commonly feed upon the hay
means of a sharp, narrow-bladed knife and straw which they find there.
held in the right hand, the blood ves­
Carelessness in the disposal of hu­
sels at the back of the throat are sev­ man excreta on farms results not only
ered with a sin gio sweep. The knife is In a high percentage of illness from
then turned and the point plunged typhoid fever and hookworm infesta­
through the roof of the mouth to a tion, but also causes a great deal of
point Just behind and between the loss to the live 6tock industry fren
eyes. The brain is here reached, and parasitic infestation traceable to the
if properly stuck all feeling is then contamination of grass, hay and other
fodder, and water by human excre­
Capons should always be dry picked, ment.
as they look much better and as some
Recently during the course of a
of the feathers should be left on. The single year nearly 43,000 carcasses of
feathers of the neck and head, the cattle slaughtered at establishments
tall feathers, those a short way up the operating under federal meat inspec­
back, tho feathers of the last two tion were found by inspectors to be
Joints of the wing, and those of the infested with tapeworm cysts in the
leg, about one-third of the way from muscles, so-called beef measles. This
knee to hip Joint, should be left on. represents a considerable loss in the
These feathers, together with the head meat supply of the country as car­
of the capon, serve to distinguish It casses affected with measles are whol­
from other classes of poultry on the ly or partially condemned, according
market, and consequently should never to the degree of Infestation. Portions
ba removed.
Capons scalded and of affected carcasses which may be
picked bare bring very little, if any, passed for food after removal of the
better prices than other poultry in tho cysts i*e required as an additional
same condition.
safeguard to be refrigerated long
Most markets require capons to be enough to destroy the vitality of any
undrawn and the head and feet left parasites which might have been over­
on. If drawing Is required the vent looked, thus entailing added expense
should be cut around and the Intes­ in the handling of the meat. In some
tines pulled out until the gizzard is cases the meat from affected carcasses
reached, where it is broken off. Noth­ is permitted to be sterilized by heat,
ing else is removed.
placed in cans and labeled and sold as
Cooling and Packing.
second grade meat.
After picking, the carcasses are bung
The losses because of condemna­
in a cool place until the animal heat tion, refrigeration and sterilization
haa entirely left the body, when they are necessarily suffered by the pro­
vre packed In boxes of convenient size, ducer and the consumer in lower
• Wing about a dozen carcasses. Every prices for the live cattle on the one
ntlon should bo given to fleatness hand, and higher prices for beef on
*ro ctlvoness, as this helps the tho other.