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About Mt. Scott herald. (Lents, Multnomah Co., Or.) 1914-1923 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 14, 1915)
Starving People Share Scanty
Food With Peasants.
He lief Commission Has Provisions
to Last Only to tebruary
Great Tragedy Possible.
In a cold drizzle England paid her laat tribute to Ixtrd Roberta, tbe
graud old man’ of her army, aa the cortege passed through the atreeta from
haring Cross atatlon to Hl Paul's cathedral, »here the remalna of tbe late
laid inurahal were laid In the tomb. Tbe photograph ahowa the aoldler'a
Jody on the gun carriage which hla aon tried to save at Colenao at tbe
•tpenae of hla life.
Britain Points Out Difficulties,
But Promises Redress.
Ikttntion of Our Ships Will Not
Stop, Hut International Law
Will Not He Exceeded.
Waahington, D. C.—Great Britaln'a
preliminary reply to the note from the
United States government, requesting
in the treatment of
American commerce by the British
fleet, waa made public here and In
l»ndon Sunday by mutual agreement
between the State department and the
British foreign office.
The British communication concurs
in the view of the United Statea that
commerce between the neutral nations
should be interfered with only when
imperatively necessary and officials of
the Waahington government construed
it as conceding that the principles ex
pressed by the American note were
just and upheld by the previously ac
cepted usages of international law.
The only formal comment made was
contained in a brief statement issued
by Secretary Bryan, who said:
"Thia answer, being preliminary,
and not being intended as a complete
reply, wo will postpone comment until
the full answer Is received.”
Briefly, the British note, while con
ceding the principles of the American
government's contentions, points out
difficulties in actual practice, refers to
alleged fraudulent practices by ship
pers and cites statistics shownig an
increase, rather than decrease, in cer
tain neutral commerce. In support of
Great Britain’s suspicions that Ger
many and Austria have been indirectly
obtaining contraband through neutral
countries. The note promises, how
ever, that Great Britain “will make
redress whenever the action of the
British fleet may unintentionally ex
ceed” the limits of international law. '
The text of the British communica
tion is as follows:
"The British secretary of State for
foreign affairs to the American am- '
baaaador, foreign office, Januray 7,
I have the!
honor to acknowledge receipt of your
note of the 28th of December.
“It is being carefully examined and
the )>ointe raised in it are receiving
consideration, aa the result of which a
reply shall be addressed to your excel
lency, dealing in detail with the issues I
raised and the points to which the J
United States government has drawn ’
attention. This consideration and the !
preparation of the reply will necessar
ily require some time, and I therefore I
desire to send, without further delay,
some preliminary observations which
will* I trust, help to clear the ground
and remove some misconceptions that
seem to exist.
“Let me say at once that we en
tirely recognise the most friendly
spirit referred to by your excellency
anti that we desire to reply in the same
spirit and in the belief that, aa your
Student» Diecover Gold.
Berkeley, Cal. — Three students of
the mining department of the Univer
sity of California have discovered a
new and pleasant method of financing
a college education.
They have been ’
spending their Christmas holidays pros
pecting in Placer county, and a letter
received by the recorder of the univer
sity sets forth that they had stumbled
on a rich quarts vein and had begun to
take out numerous semesters' worth of
They had employed a force of
men to mine the claim and were pre-!
paring to return to the university.
excellency statea, frankness will beat
serve the continuance of cordial rela
tions between the two countries.
"Bls majesty's government
dially concurs in the principle enun
by the government of the
United States, that a belligerent is
dealing with trade between neutrals
should not interfere, unless such inter
ference is necessary to protect the
belligsrsnts's national safety, and then
only to the extent to which thia is
We shall endeavor to keep
our action within the limits of this
principle on the understanding that it
admits our right to interfere when
such interference is not with ‘bone
fide' trsde between the United States
and another neutral country, but with
trade in contraband destined for the
enemy's country, and we are ready,
whenever our action may unintention
ally exceed this principle, to make re
"We think that much misconception
exists as to the extent to which we
have. In practice. Interfered with trade.
Your excellency’s note seems to hold
His majesty's government responsible
for the present condition of trsde with
neutral countries, and It Is stated
that, through the action of Hie maj
esty’s government, the products of the
great industries of the United States
have been denied long eetabliahed mar
kets in European markets, which,
though neutral, are contiguous to the
seat of war.”
German Strategy tails
and Causes Heavy Loss
lxmdon - Herbert C. Hoover, chair
man of the American commission for
the relief of Belgium, returned to
Ixindon Thursday from a tour of In
spection of .the work being done for
the commission in Belgium.
statement issued here Mr. Hoover
“An appalling situation has been
presented to the commission with re
gard to the French peasantry in the
valley of the Meuse just south of the
Belgian frontier, where there are 10,-
000 persons absolutely without food.
Our investigation showed that a large
number of deaths already had occurred
there from starvation.
“Despite the shortness of the ra
tions in Belgium, our Belgian col
leagues agree.1 that we must share the
laat crust with these people.
therefore, sent them food out of our
limited Belg.an stores.”
Mr. Hoover also issued a report on
the commiaaion's work in Belgium, in
which he says the organisation for the
distribution of food supplies is well on
the road to completion. It is aided
by 60,000 volunteer sorkmen and
there are only a few localities to which
relief has not yet been extended.
“It must be borne in mind,” Mr.
Hoover says in his report, “that our
problem falls into two phases. The
first is to provide bread for those who
are unable to pay for it, and the sec
ond is to supply all food for those who
Broadly, tbe former
comprise some 5,600,000 persons. On
the basis of the minimum ration we
are providing they require about $3,-
500,000 worth of bread a month.
recovery of this money and tbe ex
change problem have not as yet been
solved and are causing us the greatest
"The destitute comprise about 1,-
400,000, who are being wholly fed by
tbe public canteens. The cost of sup
porting them is about $2,500,000 a
month, for which we are depending on
the chairty of the world.
“All Belgium is now on a ration of
10 onuces of bread a day, rich and poor
alike, when there Is not much of a
The rich pay the
cost price; the destitute rothing.
'"This requires a total import of
more than 100,000,000 pounds of Hour
or wheat a month, to say nothing of
psaa, salt, bssns, bacon, tondensed
milk and other things which must be
provided for the canteens.”
In his report Mr. Hoover pays trib
ute to the assistance in the work >f
distribution rendered by the Germans,
"The occupying army has been ex
traordinarily scrupulous in its observ
ance of the agreement that none of the
foodstuffs imported by us were to be
consumed by them.
"The German government has issued
a general order that no provisions
which would in the ordinary course
have to be replaced by the relief com
mission shall be requisitioned."
The report closes as follows:
spite the volume of food which has been
placed at our disposal, we can provis
ion only until February 15. Great has
been the generosity of the American
people, it is well to bear in mind that
if we fail after that date the world
will be faced by the greatest tragedy
it has yet witnessed in the possible ex
tinction of an entire nation. Strenuous
as the efforts that we, our countrymen
and countrywomen have made, they
cannot for one moment be relaxed if
this gigantic catastrophe has to be pre
Petrograd — The folloafing official
was issued Tueadsy
from general headquarters:
"On the left bank of the Vistula,
both day and night, January 10, the
Germans attempted, without success,
to attsck our line at several points,
but were repulsed everywhere by our
"In an attack in the region of the
village of Samice, east of Skiernei-
wiee, the Germans reached our barbed
wire entanglements and began to
shout: 'Do not fire; we are yours!'
“However, as similar strategy had
been employed before, therefore the
vigilance of our tioope was not de
ceived by this maneuver of the Ger
mans and we directed against them a
destructive fire and delivered a coun
ter attack, repulsing the enemy and
Subway Fire Causes Panic.
inflicting heavy losses upon them.
New York—The worst accident in
“In Galicia the cannon and rifle fire
the ten years' history of New York's
has been kept going and we remain in
subway occurred during the morning
contact with the enemy.”
rush hours Thursday, when 700 pas
sengers in two stalled trains were
Pope to Act if War Gaine,
stricken with panic in the darkened
Rome — Information was obtained tubes as a result of the dense smoke
here that in case of Italy's interven and acid fumes from a short-circuited
tion in the war, the Pope has agreed to cable.
In the ensuing struggle to escape
recommend that diplomatic representa
tives of enemy countries accredited to some 200 persons were injured, one—a
Others were over
the Holy See leave Rome, while the woman—fatally.
Italian government, on its part, under come and were rescued, unconscious,
takes to guarantee a continuance of by police and firemen, while scores of
the Pope's telegraphic and epistolar others struggled to the street, un
correspondence with the entire world. nerved or hysterical, their clothing
The agreement is the result of negotia torn and faces blackened by smoke.
tions between the Vatican and the gov
Zeppelin Visits France.
ernment, in which Agliardi, bishop of
Albano, acted aa intermediary.
Ixrndon — A correspondent of the
Daily Mail in France reports that a
State Sues Santa Claus.
Zeppelin airship skirted the French
North Yakima, Wash. — Lucia A. seacoast near Grave Lines Wednesday,
Crangie, of Olympia, assistant state and then turned westward toward Eng
labor commissioner, has filed a com land, and that it is rumored that two
plaint charging Mrs. Henshaw, pro other Zeppelins preceded it.
prietor of the Michigan Cafe, with after through the whole day,” the cor
violating the eight-hour
for respondent adds, "Dunkirk was sub
women, In connection with the serving jected to German air raids and at
of a Christmas dinner to poor children tempts to drop bombs, but owing to
Christmas Day. A patron of the hotel the vigorous fire of the town's guns
paid for the dinner.
few bombs fell. At one time six aero
planes were hovering over the town.”
Albany, N. Y.—A teacher may not
be dismissed because she absents her
self from the public schools to bear a
child, Commissioner John H. Finley,
of the state department of education,
The decision definitely
determines the status of mother-teach
ers in the state, as under existing
laws there is no appeal.
Niriss Commend Protest.
Berne, Switzerland — President Wil-
son'B note to Great Britain concerning
delays to American commerce has been
welcomed by the Swiss newspapers,
which in editorial comments express
the opinion that he is acting in the in
terests of all neutrals and especially
Portland — The demand for hops
much better than it waa at the close
of last week.
No sales by growers
were reported recently, but several
hundred bales of mediums changed
band« nt 9 to 11 cents. The market is
quoted at 12 to 13 cents for the best
There was no further change in the
egg situation. The tone of the mar
ket in steady, aa the supply of frearh
Oregon» was not heavy. Buying orders
from the North have temporarily
Butter and cheese are holding steady
at prevailing quotations.
Trade !s brisk again in the fruit and
vegetable line on Front street. There
was a fair supply of everything and
prices held steady.
A car of fancy
sweet potatoes was received anti a car
of lettuce is due.
Hogs comprised the larger part of
the 26 cars of stock received at the
yards Friday, and the bulk of the trad
ing was also in this division. The hog
market ruled steady in spite of the
large run. One load sold at $7.15, a
nickel better than the previous day’s
price, but most of the sales of good
light stock were at $7 and $7.05.
In the cattle market only odd lots
were handled and price conditions in
this line are unchanged. Sheep and
lambs also traded in at former prices.
Receipts of poultry are not equal to
the demand and the market is firm at
the quotations printed. Buyers wanted
chickens, and for the best offerings
paid a premium.
There waa also a
good demand for dressed meats and
prices were steady.
With hogs — Alanson Lewis, Ban
croft. Idaho, 1 car; E. C. Palmer,
Oakland, 1 car; S. B. Baker, Mikalo,
2 cars; J. B. Younts, Condon, 1 car;
G. H. Russell, Redmond, 12 cars; W.
B. Kurtz, Maitin, 2 care; J. W. Silva,
Gooding, 3 care; Morgan Farm com
pany. Goldendale, 1 car; L. L. Crider,
Roosevelt, 1 ear.
Wheat—Bid: Bluestem, $1.38 per
$1.85); red Russian, $1.29; red Fife,
Millfeed -Spot prices: Bran, $2861.
28.50 per ton; shorts, $309i30.50;
rolled barley, $29.509430.50.
Corn—White, $36 per ton; cracked,
Hay—Eastern Oregon timothy, $15
@15.50 per ton; valley timothy, $13@
13.50; grain hay, $10.5O@ll; alfalfa,
Vegetables — Cucumbers, hothouse,
$1.7561.2 per dozen; eggplant, 8@10c
pound; peppers, 86410c; artichokes,
714085c dozen; tomatoes, $firstname.lastname@example.org
crate; cabbage, 1 )9$1 )c pound; beans,
12)c; celery, $2.50 crate; cauliflower,
$2.25; sprouts, 8c pound; Lead let
tuce, $1.85642 crate; pumpkins, l)c
pound; squash, le; carrots.
aaek; beets, $1.25; parsnips, $1.25.
Green Fruita — Apple«, 60c m .1160
box; casabas, $1.65 crate; pears, $164
1.50 box; cranberries, $96111 barrel.
Potatoes—Oregon, $1 sack; Idaho,
$email@example.com; Yakima, $firstname.lastname@example.org; sweets,
Onions—Oregon, buying price, $1.25
f. o. b. shipping point
Egg - — Fresh Oregon ranch, case
count 326t33c dozen; candled, 35c;
Poultry — Hens. large, 15c pound;
mixed, 13@14c; springs, 126413c; tur
keys, dressed, 20c; live, 17c; ducks,
126414c; geese, 10@lle.
Butter — Creamery, prints, extras,
32c pound in case lota; )c more in less
than case lota; cubes, 276429c.
Veal—Fancy, 126413c pound.
Pork—Block, 96410c pound.
Hope — 1914 crop, 106413c; 1913
Hides — Salted hides, 14c; salted
bulls, 10c; salted calf, 18c; salted kip,
14c; green hides, 12c; green bulls,
8c; green calf, 18c; green kip, 14c;
dry hides, 25c; dry calf, 27c.
Wool—V«'!ey, 176$ 18c pound; East
ern Oregon 156420c; nominal mohair,
1914 clip, 27)c.
Caacara bark—Old and new, 4@4)c.
Cattle — Prime steers, $7.50648;
choice, $6.50647; medium, $6.25646.50;
choice cows, $6646.85; medium, $564
6; heifers, $5646.50; calves, $6948;
bulls, $3.50644.75; stags, $4.50646.
Hogs — Light, $6.80647.15; heavy,
Sheep—Wethers, $5.25648.10; ewes,
$4.25645.50; lambs, $6.25047.50.
Seattle Wheat — Bluestem, $1.35;
Turkey red, $1.30; forty fold, $1.34;
club, $1.33; Fife, $1.33; red Russian,
Barley—$28 per ton.
Wheat 13, oats 5,
barley 3, hay 6, flour 5.
Tacoma Wheat — Wheat quotations
on the local market, as furnished by
leading firms, are: Red Russian, $1.26;
milling bluestem, $1.33; club, $1.30;
forty.fold, $1.31; red Fife. $1.28.
Fresh Meats — Steers, 12c; cows.
11) c; heifers, 11) 64 12c; wethers,
12) c; dressed hogs, 12c; trimmed
lambs. 136414c; Diamond T. C., 14c;
yearlings, 13c; ewes, 11c.
Butter—Washington creamery, 3064
31c; Oregon, 286430c.
Eggs - Fresh ranch, 309435c dozen;
local cold storage, 286430c; Eastern,
Hay—Clover, $166417; wheat, $149$
15; Idaho timothy, $209421; Ellens
burg, $176420; mixed, $17@19; al
Feed — Corn, $36; cracked, $36;
wheat, $44; whole barley, $30; rolled,
$31; shorts, $31; bran, $9; oats, $33;
rolled oats, $34.
Cabbage, home-grown, l)c pound.
Carrots, local, $1 sack.
Potatoes—California sweets, $2.2594
2.50 cwt.; Yakimas, $209421 ton;
White River, $18.
NEWS NOTES OF
Resume of World's Important
Events Told in Briet
Brazilian diamond dealers are lower
Three 1 Aberdeen, Wash., lumber
mills have resumed operations.
Villa with an army of 8000 is march
ing north to attack many towns on the
A suit has been filed to test the
validity of the Arizona mothers’ pen
The bill proposing that the govern
ment purchase ships for commerce, is
being pushed in congress.
Hordes of Turks are reported swoop
ing into Russia, with the intention of
crossing the Armenisn mountains and
Germans'admit that the allies had
an opportunity three months sgo to
split the retreating German army in
two, but the chance was loot and the
gap closed by the timely arrival of
Great Britain decides to relaz ban
on commerce between that country,
Italy and The Netherlands, whereby
commerce to the latter two countries
from the U. S. is expected to undergo
a minimum of molestation.
The Chilean government has decided
to send the battleship Captain Prat,
the finest vessel in the Chilean navy,
to take part in the international naval
parade in connection with the formal
opening of.the Panama canal.
on 8000 portable kitchen
wagons for the French army was be
gun at Louisville, Ky.. this week. The
value of the order is placed a $250,-
000. The French govemmentt speci
fied that tbe wagons be ready in three
HUSBAND NOT AN OPTIMIST
Aunt Matty Could Stand for Consider
able Laziness, but Placed Ban on
“How is your husband?" asked Mrs
! Wells of her colored washwoman.
“Poorly, mighty poorly, ma'am. He’l
laid up with a misery in his back, but
he says he's mighty glad it ain't no
I toothache He never could stand tooth
"Too bad"' sympathized the lady.
I “Did the clothes fit him that my bus-
! band sent over?”
“No'm," was the regretful reply.
. “No’m, they didn’t. They waa too big.
He had to gib them to his brother
' Epb. He was mighty glad they fit
I Eph, though."
I'm sorry the clothes
' did not fit him. Has he worked any
“No'm. he ain’t. 'Pears like he
caln't get no work. Says he’s glad,
though, that times is gettin' better.”
“Well. I declare.” said Mrs. Wells,
greatly interested. “Your husband
must be a regular optimist.”
“No, Indeed, he ain't,” denied Aunt
Matty. Indignantly. “He's a Method
ist, an' if he was to jine any of them
newfangled religions I'd got a dl
President Wilson has practically de
cided that he cannot attend the open
ing of the Panama-Pacific exposition
unless the European war ends before
The Unresented Personality.
that date, as he feels it incumbent
"What are your friend's qualifies
upon all high officials to be at their tlons for the appointment you wish me
posts of duty during tbe conflict.
to obtain for him?” inquired Senator
A German submarine boat reported
“Well," replied the political plug-
by wireless to the admiralty in Berlin
that it has torpedoed and sunk in the ger. "he hasn't any special ability "
“Do you call lack of ability a quali
English Channel off Plymouth the Brit
ish battleship Formidable.
The Sub fication?"
"No. But it's an advantage. A man
marine was pursued by British de
who hasn't ability can make frienda
stroyers but escaped undamaged.
without creating envy, and everybody
Two negroes, Edward and Will Is rather pleased to see him get
Smith, of Montgomery, Ala., were helped along at public expense."
taken from the Wetumpka jail early
one day this week and lynched by a
Explaining an Escape.
They had been accused of im
"Were you ever among cannibals?"
plication in the murder of R. A. Still asked Miss Bililgwl.
well, an Elmore
"Yes," replied the constant trav
Searching parties later found tbe eler.
negroes' bodies hanging in the woods.
“And they didn’t have you for din
New Orleans celebrates 100th anni ner?”
"Certainly not. Let me see. I met
versary of peace between English-
Tbe ceremonies some cannibals just before Easter."
“Oh, I see. How lucky for you that
were opened with the firing of a 21-
gun salute, so timed that tbe last gun you met them during Lent!"
boomed at 8:20 a. m. Friday, 100
years to the minute, according to his
’Tie a Cold World.
torians, after General Jackson finally
“After a man has held office for a
triumphed over the British on the field number of years and then becomes a
back number in politics he is seldom
The recent lull in the activity of the able to earn a living.”
“That's true. He's almost as help-
German forces seemed to indicate
I less as the man whose wife has con
preparation for a renewed attempt to
pisree the Russian lines before War ducted a successful boarding house for
saw, and the fighting of the last few a long time and dies suddenly of heart
days shows that this attempt is being disease ”
made on the lines from the Vistula
south along the Bzura and Rawka
rivers to a point east of the town of
Rawka, which is in German hands.
The Austrian government has noti
fied the Italian foreign office that she
is striving to ascertain whether four
Italian subjects were taken as host
ages after the capture of Belgrade, as
has been widely reported in Italy. The
foreign office has given
notice to the Italian foreign office that
she is prepared to remedy the mistake,
if one was made, and will offer repara
The German army authorities have
issued a general order prohibiting in
future troops in the field from frater
nizing with forces of the enemy, as
they did at several points in the west
ern theater of the war at Christmas.
To such an extent was this fraterniz
ing carried out that at one place where
the Germans and British played foot
Mrs. Skolder—I would have stayed
ball Christmas day they agreed to sus
away longer, but I didn't think you
pend hostilities for two days more.
could afford it.
The fourth trial of Dr. B. Clarke
Skolder — Nonsense, my dear. I
Hyde, of Kansas City, charged with
would have willingly borrowed money
the murder of Colonel Thomas H.
to have had you stay away longer.
Swoke, was reset for April 5 in the
criminal court. The prosecutor asked
The Second Stage.
for the continuance because, he said,
“Young Oadson and Miss Doppel
the funds to pay necessary expert wit
nesses are not available at this time. have reached the second stage of
Frank P. Walsh, attorney for Dr. their courtship."
“What is that?"
Hyde, opposed the postponement on
“They have stopped playing the Vlo
the ground that it was depriving the
defendant of his right to a speedy trola and have atarted to reading
Because of the advancing price of
wheat Chicagoans are advocating the
Mrs. Datus—Do you find your gym
consumption of "day-old” bread to nasium work helpful!'
keep the price per loaf at 5 cents.
Mrs. Artigue—Helpful. Why, this
morning I was the first one to reach
A representative-elect to the Oregon
a bargain counter out of a bunch of
legislature will submit a bill to put
the state under a commission form of one hundred starters.—New York
proposing to establish World.
But No Vegetables Thrown.
The British admiralty says the cap
“How did you enjoy the roof garden
tain of the Formidable, when his bat laat night?”
tleship was struck by German torpe
“The ahow was the worst track
does, signalled nearby vessels to es ever."
cape at once from the vicinity, instead
“Bort of a truck garden, ehF
of helping him.