Legislation NEWS NOTES OF Unfriendly Threatens Apple-Growing CURRENT WEEK Resume of World’s Important Events Told in Brief. Commissioner Caminetti. of the im migration service, is repjrted about to resign. Silas Christofferson succeedel in fly ing across the Coast range of moun tains in California. Mrs. Samuel Allen, widow of a lum berman and the wealthiest woman in the Hawaiian islands, is dead. A New York commission finds that girls in candy factories in that city average about $5 to *6 weekly. Theodore Low DeVinne, dean of printers and author of several books on types and their uses, is dead. A head-on collision of railroad trains in Mississippi injured 60 persons, five of whom are not expected to live. It is believed the immigration bill will be vetoed by President Wilson on account of the illiteracy test clause. John J. Kennedy, treasurer of New York state, committed suicide. His books were found in perfect condition. Blackmailing letters demanding $10,000 on pain of death have been re ceived by Henry W. Longfelloyr, II, a descendant of the poet The steamers Portland and General Hubbard, both en route from Loe An geles to Portland, collided in the Co lumbia river, but neither was disabled. The sixteenth anniversary of the de struction of the Maine in Havana har bor was fittingly observed Feb. 16, by services at Arlington national ceme tery. A woman who declared she was starving held up another woman on the steets of Bridgeport, Conn. She told the officers who arrested her that she had eaten nothing for a week. Industrial School Club Contests Are Plannea Oregon Agricultural College, Cor vallis—If H. R. 9266 is enacted by the national congress, it will be an offense punishable by fine and imprisonment Oregon Agricultural College, Cor enter the State Fair Juvenile Exhibit to keep apples in cold storage for more than 90 days and then ship them vallis—Club membership in the newly- contest. Contestants may engage in out of the state. If H. R. 9530 is en organized industrial school club con more than one club project and enter acted, it will be illegal to take from tests it divided into three classes. more than one contest bqt are not al storage and then return them again to Any Oregon boy or girl who is be lowed to enter the same work or exhib storage, either before or after inter tween the ages of fourteen and nine it for more than one prise in any club state shipment. Both bills enumerate teen years on October 1, 1914, and contest. Girls and boys who are not able to certain food products and then add, has had leas than five. months train- “also any other articles used for hu ' ing in domestic science, domestic art, enter school or county contests may man food.” Remedial amendments or manual training, may become mem compete in the project special contest have been promised, but so far eggs bers of Class A. Those between the or the juvenile exhibit contest, pro only have been given more favorable ages of ten and fourteen years at the vided they have enrolled for any club time specified will be members of project terms. All contestants must be regularly High authorities in the apple busi Class B. And those who have had ness assert that the first of the pro more that five months' training in tbe enrolled on the special enrollment constitute blanks provided. The blanks may m> posed laws would ruin the industry foregoing subjects will obtained from the State Superintend and bankrupt producers from one side Class C. The club winners contest at the ent of Public Instruction, Salem, from of the continent to the other. It would cause a glutted market in some state fair will be open only to the the State Agent of Club Work, Ore seasons of the year and an apple fam prize winners in classes A and B in gon Agricultural College, Corvallis, county contests. The awards will be or from the teacher. ine for the remainder. A club project is the particular If re-storage is prevented it will based upon the rules governing the greatly damage the apple business in respective club projects and will be kind of work in which a boy or girl many sections of the country. It m^ie to the contestant scoring the engages. It is called a project from would be illegal, for instance, take highest general average in any club tbe fact that the work is so outlined that the club members can make more apples from a cooler at Hood River project. and ship them to the great Eastern Any boy or girl in Oregon who has rapid process by first acquiring the markets. All apples and pears, once enrolled in any club project and com knowledge and skill which distinguish put in|o cold storage with a tempera plied with the rules governing it, is I efficient workmen from the untrained. ture below forty degrees for a longer eligible to enter the State Fair club By learning bow to do these things period than ten days, are branded as project contest, regardless of having and by doing them in the moat practi cal, scientific and businesslike way, adulterated if shipped out of the state. entered any other. “Northwest growers should write to Any boy or girl in Oregon wbo en the members will discover at the close their congressmen asking them to use ters an exhibit accompanied by a of tbe contest that they have gained their influence to have fruits exempt statement from parent or guardian something more valuable than any ed,” said Professor C. I. Lewis, hor certifying that the exhibit as actually prize —knowledge, power and efficien- ticulturist of the college. “Since produced by the entrant, is eligible to «y- both bills threaten the fruit interests fruitmen should refer to both bills, preferably by number, in all corres pondence regarding the proposed legis lation. And they should do it at once.” Japanese War Talk Is All Jingo, Says Professor Lane County Pears Are All Taken By France Eugene—An order for all available canned Lane county pears for ship ment to France has been received by the Eugene Fruitgrowers* association, following the shipping, four months ago, of a carload of the goods. Not only are the cannery officials elated at the receipt of the order, but they are doubly so at the prospect of open ing in Europe a market for tbe Lane county canned fruits. “This opens the way for a very large tffisinesa in canned fruit,” said J. O. Holt, manager. “We are quoting prices to dealers in France, not only on pears, but on berries and cherries. The French people have been accus tomed to buy California canned fruits, but they are learning that the Oregon fruits are better. “The fruits and berries on which we have been quoting prices are of the highest grades, and are sold f. o. b. Eugene. In spite of the high freight charges, we are able to book the or ders, and with the opening of the Pan ama canal, and the reduction of proba bly one-half of the freight cost, we should be able to book largo orders in Europe, for then we will be able to deliver our goods on the eastern side of the Atlantic as cheaply as at New York.” The Eugene Fruitgrowers* associa tion last year sold $20,000 worth of dried prunes in London alone, and sub stantial shipments were made to points in Holland and Sweden. The Eastern broker for the Eugene cannery is now booking orders’for canned fruits and vegetables for de livery in the fall of 1914. Operators of Colorado mines admit buying arms and machine guns for use of the guards during the recent strike. Boston—“Talk of war between the United States and Japan has emanated from the Eastern part of America, not from Japan,” Professor Sidney L. Gulick, of Dishishn University at To- kio. said before the Twentieth Cen tury club in this city. “I don't believe there will be any war,” he added. “There are a few Japanese who say America will finally insist on war, and there is a ‘yellow press* in Japan, just as there is in this country. But the J apanese earn estly re the friendship of the United States, for they know they have foes at their back door, and, be sides, Japan sells more goods to this country than to any other.” The Court of Appeals of New York has decided that a woman with a baby cannot be allowed to teach school in that state. Wool Man Optimistic Many New Features for PERFECT BABY WEIGHS 2 As to Future Outlook Coming Rose Festival POUNDS; 11 WEEKS OLD Witness in copper strike inquiry de clares miners are not allowed to aver age more than $75 per month, and are forced to work under such conditions that they do not last more than five or six years. Retail prices of eggs in Pacific Coast markets fell 5 cents, and there' are prospects of a further drop. Pendleton, Or., is waging war upon the cigarette in every possible way. It is reported that the king of Bul garia will visit the United States in April. President Wilson was obliged to re main in bed several days on account of a bad cold. The premier of Russia has regisned, and the czar is reported to be “on the water wagon.” An American naval officer was fired on and slightly wounded by a Mexican on the streets of Vera Cruz. PORTLAND MARKETS Tacoma, Wash.—Florence Virginia Cole is a future voter of Washington here who is attracting much attention because at the age of 11 weeks she weighs only two pounds. The nurses say she is perfectly normal in every way and has not been sick at all in the weeks of her existence in the bas ket, surrounded by hot water bottles. She is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Cole, of Oakland addition, and weighed jute 1} pounds at birth. It is possible to slip a finger ring over her hands and arms to tbe armpit. Full length of the baby at birth was 12} inches; at eight weeks, 15} inch es. Congress May Enact Laws Barring Hindus Washington, D. C.—While freezing winds swept across the Potomac from I the Virgina bills, where stands the l^e mansion at Arlington, a barehead ed Southern officer of the Civil war opened the simple exercises that marked the breaking of the ground for the construction of the great white marble memorial the nation Is to erect Director Admits “Something la to Abraham Lincoln. Friday, the Wrong” With Methods On 105th anniversary of Lincoln's birth, British Lines. was chosen for breaking the ground on which the structure will stand. Only a small group witnessed the Ixmdon — The Great Eastern Rail event Joseph C. Blackourn, ex way company of England haa decided senator from Kentucky, was the first to employ an American executive offi cer, to bring its system up to dale, llenry Thornton, general superintend then with uncovered heads he spoke ent of the Ixtng Island railroad, was in praise of the memory of the presi named as general manager. dent against whom he fought half a “I think there is something wrong century ago. "This memorial will in the British system,” said lx»rd . show that Lincoln is now regarded aa Claud Hamilton, “which tends to In the greatest of all Americans,” Sena terfere with the mental activity of tor Blackburn said, “and that he is so employes. They are reduced to auto held by the South as well aa the mata, as merit iw sacrificed to senior North. Today we let the country ity. 1 have not been able to find in know that thia great work haa been England a man lit for thia po.4, but In begun and will be carried on steadily Mr. Thornton I have found a general until ita completion.1” manager admirably qualified and In the senate it was a Southerner whose career haa been one succession who made the motion to adjourn out of of Intellectual railway triumphs.” respect to the memory of Lincoln. The motion was made without prear New York — Henry W. Thornton, rangement by Senator Overman, of chosen aa general manager of the North Carolina, after the reading of Great Eastern railway of England, is the Gettysburg address by Senator 42 year« old. He is a graduate of the Bradley, of Kentucky. It was Sen University of Pennsylvania. Ha be ator Kenyon, of Iowa, who had sug gan hie railroad career in the engi gested that the senate might well neering corps of tbe Pennsylvania pause a moment to observe tbe birth lines west and rose to the position of day anniversary. superintendent of ail lines west of The bousj, too, paused in its delib- Pittsburg. In February. 1911, bo | erations to pay ita respect to the mrnj- came to Now York aa general superin ory of the emancipator. tendent of the l-ong Island railyoad. He had practically full charge of the operating department of the road. Mr. Thornton went to England In January, presumably to consult with Washington, D. CL— What was said directors of the Great Eastern regard ing the position to which he was ap to be the most successful convention pointed. aince the organization of the Boy Scouft of America was prought to a Great Eastern Railway Company Seeks Better Manager. Boy Scouts Entertained at White House Reception cloae Friday with a flourish of speeches. The scouts and their leaders, more than 100 strong, were entertained by Secretary Bryan, personally represent ing the President, wbo was confined to his room with a cold; Secretary Dan iels, of the Navy department, and other officers of the nation, at the White House. Without exception the movement was lauded as possessing the great possibilities for good service to the coming generation. Chief Scout Ernest Thompson Seton said that already the Boy Seout move ment was jammed with boys and that many were turned away because of the scarcity of men leaders. Mrs. Wilson pinned on five boys eagle badges, the highest honor which the organization confers on members. “When the country wakens up there will be a chair of scouting in avery university and a secretary of scouting \ in the cabinet.” said Mr. Thompson Beton. at the business session of the council. "Everyone now knows that boys are not born bad, but are made bad by evil associaites. It is up to the people to end this destruction of our moat precious national resource.” Pendleton — “Statistically, wool is in a stronger position today than it has been for a number of years,” Jhys Dr. S. W. McClure, secretary of the National Woolgrowcrs association. Tbe statement was made in a letter received by State Senator Burgees and in which the national secretary re quested Mr. Burgess to spread tbe hopeful tidings among local growers of wool. Dr. McClure says: “My advices from Boston are to the effect that the market has been prac tically cleaned up here and abroad. In London the January sales closed stronger than they have at any time in the last 12 months, s American buyers bought considerable quantities. Since the sale has closed, wool con tinues to advance. Statistically wool is in a stronger position today than at any time for years. “About January >20, Eastern wool buyers began contracting wool in Utah and Idaho. Already 8,000,000 pound« have been contracted at prices the same as last year and in some cases a half cent higher; 16| cents has been paid for Soda Springs wool and 16 cents for Utah. 1 am unable, of course, to predict the future course of prices, but I believe that these facts should be given to your wool growers.” i Industrial and historical Oregon will play an active part in the coming Roae Festival. This will be the eighth annual Rose Festival, and for the first time in the history of this classic event the manufacturing concerns throughout the state will be represent ed in the pageant that will pass in re view before the public. The board of governors is having constructed fifteen floats to represent the Rose Festival, while at least as many more have been ordered, and al ready four have been completed. These floats will typify the historical growth of Oregon from its earliest days down to the present. It has taken the association’s artist many months of close study and much read ing of data pertaining to the early his tory of Oregon before he began the work of drawing designs typical of the rapid passing events which have made Portland and Oregon great as they are. The Pageant of the Human Rose buds will again be a feature of the Rose Festival. The board of govern ors hhs issued invitations to ton thou sand school children, both boys and girls, and plans are being considered for safeguarding the tots while march ing. ________ Grants Pass Approves City Bonds for Railroad Portland — Electricity may be used to improve school gardens at Wood lawn, a suburb of this city, if the plans of L. M. Lepper work out satis factorily. This will be the first time such an attempt will have been made here. In England market gardeners use electricity to stimulate the growth of vegetables. The vegetables are Old Trick Wins Victims. said to be better, crisper and firmer. Centralia, Wash.—Several wholesale According to the plan employed the ground is wired and current turned on houses of Portland, Tacoma and Seat periodically. Bugs and pests are said tie have been victimized by an old to be killed, and production increased. trick, but one that was never before worked in this section. Last month a Wool Buyer Now Out. firm named Murphy & Son, purporting Pendleton—According to reports re to be opening up in business here, ceived by local sheepmen, R. F. Bick- placed large orders with these houses well, a buyer of sheep and wool, is The orders were delivered at the local now in Morrow county endeavoring to freighthouses and the merchandise contract for Qie 1914 clip at prices ap sold at a discount, after which Murphy proximately 2 cents in advance of & Son disappeared. The fraud was those paid last year. According to discovered when the firms endesvored these reports some sales have been to collect on the goods shipped. made, but most of the growers are re fusing to contract. Bert Smith, of the Swedish Liberals Aloof. J. E. Smith Livestock company, said Stockholm—The refusal of the lib local growers sold their wool last sea erals to accept office has compelled son at least 2 cents too low. Baron de Geer to withdraw from the Wheat—Track prices : Club, 88(® 88}e; bluestem, 98c; forty-fold, 89c; red Russian, 87@88c; valley, 89c. Washington, D. C.—Representative Oats—No. 1 white, milling, $24(3 Burnett, of Alabama, chairman of the 24.50 ton. house committee on immigration, pre Corn—Whole, $33.50^34; cracked, dicted that as a compromise on the Pa $34.50(335 ton. cific Coast fight to exclude Japanese Barley — Feed, $22.50(323 ton; and all other Asiatics congress at this brewing, $24; rolled, $25. session would enact legislation to bar Hay—No. 1 Eastern Oregon timo out the Hindus. thy, $16.50; mixed timothy. $14; al “Whether the immigration commit-1 falfa, $14; clover, $9(310; valley tee will go further than that I do not grain hay, $12(313.50. know,” Mr. Burnett said, “but there Millfeed—Bran, $22 ton; shorts, is no gentleman's agreement or fa $24; middlings, $30. vored nation arrangement with Great Vegetables — Cauliflower, $2.25 Britain so far as the Hindus are con crate; peppers, 12}c pound; garlic. cerned. There ought to be prompt lt|c; sprouts, 11c; artichokes, $1.75 legislation to nip in the bud any dozen; squash, lf(32}s; celery, $3.50 steamship arrangements to bring on crate; hothouse lettuce, 50(8)75cbox; Grants Pass—At a special city elec an extraordinary number of the Hin spinach, $1 crate; horseradish, 8.3 tion the voters authorized the issuance dus, a project which the immigration 10c; cabbage, 2}(32}c pound. of railroad bonds in the sum of $200,- bureau once discovered and foiled.” | 000, to be used in building and equip Green Fruit — App'es. 75c(?i$2.25 box; cranberries, $12(312.50 barrel; ing the 10-mile line to Wilderville. Travel By Coaster Idea. pears, $1(3150. The bonds are said virtually to have Onions—Old, $email@example.com sack; buy San Francisco—A roller coaster with been sold to Keeler Bros., of Denver. ing price, $3 sack at shipping points. Much encouragement is felt here, plenty of seats is being considered as as the municipal road will stimulate Potatoes—Oregon, 80<390c hundred, a means of transporting millions of buying price, 60(375c at shipping trade between this city and Illinois visitors from the Ferry building, points; sweet potatoes, $2.25(3,2.50 valley. where North Coast and overland traffic crate. Dr. J. F. Reddy says as soon as the end, to the Panama-Pacific exposition, Eggs—Oregon fresh ranch, 24(325c. municipal unit is finished and equipped it is announced officially here. The Poultry—Hens, 15}(316c; springs, capitalists will be on hand to build the distance is perhaps a mile and a half. 1 15}316c; turkeys, live, 20(322c; remainder of the way to Illinois val Tbe project contemplates an endless dressed, choice, 254326c; ducks, 14(3, platform, bearing gondolas or cars, I ley, tapping 30,000 acres of land 18c; geese, 12}(3 13c. which is under gravity irrigation. starting 12 or more feet above ground Butter — Creamery prints, extras, The road also will open up a portion and sliding down, with machinery to 35c pound; eubes, 32c. of the Rogue River valley and cross raise the belt from the foot of the in Pork—Fancy, 11c pound. through Applegate valley. cline to a new altitude. Veal—Fancy, 14(314}e pound. The development of the road is one Hopa—1913 crop, prime and choice, of the biggest projects ever under Benefactor of Blind Dies. 18(39c; 1914 contracts, 14(3)15c. taken by any city in Oregon. The Pelts—Dry, 10c; dry short wool. Philadelphia — Dr. Robert C. C. vote for the bonds was 4 to 1. 7e; dry shearings. 10c; green shear Moon, widely known as a benefactor ings, 10c; salted lights, 60@75c; salt of the blind, died Monday from heart Oregon Owes $704,701. # ed heavy, 75(3 90c. disease after an illness of 18 months. Salem—The outstanding state war Wool — Valley, 16(317e; Eastern He was 70 years old. He continued Oregon, 10(315c; mohair, 1913 clip, the", work of publishing books and rants January 1, totaled $704,701.85, 26(3 27c pound. charts for the blind from embossed according to a report made by Secre The warrants Cascara Bark— Old and new, 5c. type which was begun by his father, tary of State Olcott. date back to 1897, the state owing for Cattle — Prime steers, $7.60(3,8; Dr. William Moon, of England. that year and 1898 out of the general choice, $7.40(37.60; medium, $7(3 fund $294.23. 7.25; choice cows, $6.2W3 6.75; me King Thanks Carnegie. Small amounts, payable from the dium, $6(36.25; heifers, $6(37; light Madrid — King Alfonso has sent an same fund, owed for each succeeding calves, $8(39; heavy, $6(37.50; bulls, For $4(3.5.60; stags, $6(37. autographed portrait and a letter of year until 1909 being $6681.78. Hogs — Light, $7.75(38.65; heavy, thanks to Andrew Carnegie for the 1913 and 1914 there is $685,098.94 diplodocus cast, which Mr. Carnegie owed on warrants, due to the small $7(37.65. Sheep — Wethers, $5(36; ewes, recently presented to the Madrid mu- levy last year and appropriations by the legislature. l seum of natural history. $3.5<'(34 75; lambs, $5(36.75. “Juice” to Aid Plants. Bunny Scorns Poison Bait. Pendleton—Ray T. Jackson, a repre sentative of the bureau of biological survey, who has been in Umatilla County for several days in an effort to assist farmers in ridding their fields of jackrabbits, reports poor success. His specialty is feeding poisoned wheat, and he finds the rabbits of this part of the country prefer the green feed, which is to be had in abundance, to the poisoned grain which he has scattered about. AMERICAN HEADS ENGLISH ROAD Southerner Breakn Ground for Memorial to Lincoln Epidemics Run Riot In French Army Barracks Paris—Epidemics of scarlet fever, pneumonia, cerebro-spinal meningitis anl scarletina have broken out in a serious form in the French army. Late figures, which are incomplete, ' show that 800 soldiers are in the hos pitals suffering from these diseases at Tout, where there have been 40 deaths from these causes among the troopers since January 1. At Nancy 500 sol diers are in hospitals and eight have died since January 2. At Luneville 125 men are in hospitals, and at | Rheims 100. Other garrisons are seriously affect ed and have lost several men. Mili tary authorities have taken compre hensive sanitary measures. The cause of the outbreaks is said to be the crowding of 185,000 more recruits than usual into the barracks, owing to the Introduction of the three- year term of service. Radium Bill Opposed; Many U ncb for Mineral Washington, D. C. - General objec tions tn Senator Walsh's bill for gov ernment control of all radium bearing lands were made Saturday before the senate mines committee by J. M. Flan nery, of Pittsburg, president of a pri vate corporation producing radium. He attacked principally the broad powers to be conferred on the secre tary of the interior, some of which he characterized as “an outrage.” Mr. Flannery said that a govern ment representative in Colorado gath ering Informatkn of the carnotite fields had not been sufficiently Inform ed to furnish Information on which the house radium bill w«s passe-1. , In a few years, he said, radium would be only secondary in Importance to other uses to which radium-bearing orcs were put. Startling results were being obtained by the use of radioact ive earth as a fertilizer and some veg etables, he said, were stimulated aa much as 300 per cent. Hard Work Is (kiod, Says King George London—King George Saturday told S. Prebendary Wilson Carlisle, head of the Church army, that he was a great I believer in hard work. The king said: “I have to work hard myself and 1 think it good for peop'e ” The king expressed hia strong dis approval of indiscriminate charity, saying he considered agencies such as the Church Army far better able to help backsliders and unfortunate peo ple back to good citizenship. As Mr. Carlisle was entering Buck ingham palace he was accosted by a former pickpocket, who had been re claimed by the Church Army and who wished to send a message to the king. " Tell him I have lived honestly since the day of King Edwards’ corona tion,” he said. On that day I stole 32 watches and purses. I now have $640 in the savings hank.” Curb Put On Burleson. Washington, D. C,—With the $310,- 000,000 poatoffiee appropriation bill before It, the senate committee report ed an amendment to prevent further changes in rates or extension of the parcel post without congressional ac tion. Postmaster General Burleson extended the weight limlta and re duced the rates recently, and it was developed that he had legal authority to do so. Maintaining that it la im possible to determine what it costa to operate the parcel poet, the committee wants to check changes. Blood Tie Does Not Save. Pearson, Chihuahua, Mex__ The fortunea of war called on Captain Martinez to execute hia brother and his stepfather aa bandits hero and he did not falter. These two Mexicans and three others were arrested for the murder of Charles Redd, an American resident of Colonia Juarez. Although the brother and stepfather pleaded with Captain Martinez not to execute them, he refused to listen and carried task of attempting to form a cabinet, out the orders given him by Gen.Villa. the king haa Invited the conservatives to take control and it is expected that Troop Horses I'oiaoned. M. S. A. A. Lindman, ex-premier and El Paso, Tex. — The presence of minister of marine, will assume the strychnine in the water given some of premiership. Dissolution of the riks the horses of the Amercian troopers on dag will follow immediately. guard at Ysleta was discoverd Satur day. Three horses died Wednesday Compulsory Bible Bill Defeated. night when the Americana were Annapolis — A bill to compel the rushed to Ysleta in pursuit of tbe reading of the Bible in public schools Mexican federal recruits who escaped under penalty of $5 fine or imprison across the river. Since then seven ment for the teacher was rejected by more have died and a pq»t rpo-veb. the house of delegates. amination disclok«« - Re cause.