Tr9 n VOL. XVIII, NO. 50. VALE, OREGON-SATURDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1922. SUBSCRIPTION, $2.00 PER YEAR TAXES TD BE LOWER FOR THE YEAR 1923 CUT OF $20,000 MADE IN BUDGET AT MEETINS COUNTY AGENT STAYS USUAL FIGHT OVER EXTENSION WORK TAKES TIME DEPUTIES RAISED. The budget -committee's report asks the oounty court to levy $335, OOO in round figures for all state . and county purposes for 1923. This is something like $20,000 under the levy for 1922. The report was com- pleted and signed by the committee at the close of a two-days' session Thursday afternoon. It will be con sidered by the county court some time before the first of the month, at which time the official levies for next year will be made. For general expenditures, taxes will be about $30,000 less next year than they were this year in Malheur county. But there is a new item of $1 0,000 which had to be put into the budget this year to retire road bondi, which cuts the saving to $20,000. The big savings comes in the state tax but there is also a saving of $10,000 in general and special county expenditures. The budget as originally publish ed provides for an appropriation of $160,000 for state taxes. This was based upon the state tax of 1922, which was $153,000. The county court held that the state tax was exhovbifant for Malheur county and sent District Attorney Lytle to ap pear before the state tax commis sion with evidence to prove this. Mr. Lytle was successful enough in pleading the case of this county- to get the state tax for 1923 reduced to $14.000. As heretofore, the big fight of thp budgot meeting centered around the t appropriation fqr., the - county agri cultural agent and . county club leader. Delegations of farmers, members of commercial organiza tions, the Parent Teachers' Associa- Otion and business men of the county appeared and argued that the con tinuation of this educational work was essential to the county. "It is an imposition that every year many people of this county have to leave their work and come from distant parts of the county to fight for this appropriation," said Mr. Claggett, of Ontario. "I re quest that hereafter the county court determine this matter upon the merits of the work and not listen to the clamor of a few tax payers." The argument of most of those in the county, not farmers who have asked for the continuation of this work were aptly summed up by R. W. Swag'er, who said he was for the work because most of the successful farmers of the county were for it. After some little time of heated arguments the budget board voted to continue the work of these two offices. The amount of salaries to be paid the deputies in the various- county o'ffices precipitated another verbal fight in the meeting. Last year these salaries were cut 10 per cent 0 snd requests were made by heads departments and by others that these salaries be returned to the old figure which was $125 a month for A all chief deputies excepting the sheriffs tax deputy, who received $150 a month. The matter was not settled until lust before adiourn- ment on Thursday when the salaries of the sheriff's field deputy, chief denuty clerk and chief deputy assessor were placed at $125 a month and the salary of the tax deputy left at $135 a month. An unsuccessful attempt was made to cut out the appropriation of SfiO.OOO for the maintenance of the 4000 miles of county roads and the various bridges in the county. At the conclusion of the budget hearing Judge E. H. Test stated that ,in his opinion, the budget did not allow enough money to main tain tKa oniii I i nn a inut Kfluil novt yar; that most of the bills had to : he n;,l . w, rnvri,l,.,l for hv law and that, in all probability, Malheur county would he buck on a warrant basis before the year was over. Arrived Fridtiv Thp Mipep-1 Bcrnice Hope and Mazie Hope are home fur the holi days, having arrived from Cheney and Nyssa, respectively, Friday af ternoon. To Visit In 1'itrm. Jehn I'.int. miih'I son of Mr. and Mr. A .S. limit, left Thursday for l amia, v. heft ho w .ll i"iJ the hols- j du with hi (iMiidimmiU. Everybody Come. This means you! And the place Vale wants to see you on Saturday evening is at the new community hall. Bring the kiddies 1 Because Santa Claus will be there with plenty of surprise packages for every little tot in the city. Bring everybody! There's going to be entertain- ment that will make you laugh and entertainment that will make you think. All your neighbors will be there. How about you? WANTS $I0,000DAMGES ONTARIO WOMAN FILES SUIT AGAINST OWNERS OF MOORE HOTEL. Personal damages to the extent of $10,000 was askedv, in a suit which was filed in the circuit court of Mal heur county this week by Mrs. Iva Tyler against T. II. and Theodore Moore. AH of the parties live in Ontario. The defendants are the owners of the Moore hotel. According to the allegations of the complaint, Mrs. Ivers was run over by an auto driven by an em ployee of the hotel men. She al leges the employee was a Korean and a man of inferior intelligence and should never have been allowed to drive an automobile upon public streets. The accident is alleged to have happened in Ontario. STOLENWpCQVERED G. n. DAVIS RECOVERS AUTO. AFTER EXCITING AND SPEC TACULAR CHASE. Nyssa, Or., Dec. 22 (Special) A party of Nyssaites captured a bold, bad auto thief Tuesday even ing after a most exciting chase, be ginning at Nyssa and ending at a farm home in the Roswell neighbor hood. The party was composed of Marshal Reberger, G. H. Davis, own er of the stolen car, F. E. Young and Skinney Tensen, who acted as chauffeur. F. E. Young was the bright particular star of the con stellation and covered himself with glory by capturing the thief single handed after an exciting chase of two miles on foot through barb wire fences and over fields. The car was taken from the Davis home two miles northwest of Nyssa about 6:30 p. m. The theft was discovered shortly after and a posse organized and the chase begun. For tunately the car was equipped with vacuum tread tires and could easily be traced. The chase led south through Adrian and across the river into the Roswell country and the car was located at a farm house. The thief soon emerged from the house and upon being questioned started to run, whereupon Fred got into action, with the result stated above. The captured man was brought back to Nyssa and placed in the city bastile to medi tate upon the fact that the way of the transgressor is hard. 2! j NEW OFFICERS OF REBEK All LODGE WILL TAKE PLACES DURING PUBLIC EVENT. Officers of s Golden Rule Lodee i u. ra v, vi p.ki,.i, i,i ..n ' " i v, liic nic . 1 nun iuu i , n 111 ho ;.,toii,.,i . v, l.i..., t,.ii u Via iitoll,.,l , 1J , ,ll" "' uun..K -....j .JC 111.1 111 U U . L 1 11. .UUC 1 ll I Ul . , o . I eviiuig vi January , n.iier me in- cti.lt ii tirin rafMotimnnta urill ka served. The officers are: Noble grand,! Minnie Fegtly; vice grand, Daisy I-.hncn. r.,t rr,A Mull- CLH.. " J I' 1 11 1111 1 , J' l.'l 1 llllll .T1UUIC l.J 1 U 1 1 1 II , secretary, Lucy Johnson; treasurer, Lillie B. Hope. Orchard Management Big Factor. Some Oregon orchardists make money out of their orchards and some don't. Many factors soils, location, varieties, markets and others determine the profits, and management is a bout the most im- "'' " , A11 PhasM of management from cultivation to disposal of the crop picking, thinning, grading. : spraying, packing will be short courses at O 2-27. considered in A. C. January Vf get able gardening for profit under Oregon conditions, and study of Oregon plants ami plant d'seasc will also be given tiatmcnt over the same period. Co to Port lu ad- Mr. and Mr.. Burgess F. Ford left. Vale Thumduy afternoon for Port-; land, whera they will spend the Chriitm holid.iy with Mm. Ford' n-Utivti. C ILdl 0 BE PI By STATE BUDGET BOARD ASK LEGISLA TURE TO FOBBEAR AGAINST BOUNTY LAW OTHER RESOLUTIONS WOULD DO AWAY WITH ALL SPE CIAL ELECTIONS. The fight entered into this week by: The Enterprise against legisla tion proposed by Governor-elect Pierce to stop the state guarantee of irrigation bond interest was backed up by the budget committee of Malheur county which passed resolutions opposed to any such ac tion. The resolution was directed to the legislature and the governor. It called attention to the agricultural condition at the present time and stated the fact that it would mean wholesale bankruptcy for farmers on state guaranteed irrigation dis tricts were they forced to assume a heavy interest charge the coming year. The resolution asked that the state guarantee be continued for the time intended under the law on those projects now operating under this plan. Individual members of the budget committee which is composed of County Judge E. II. Test, Commis sioners Dean and Vines, H. C. Boyer, William Jones and A. A. Gut teridge, were unanimous in this matter. Through resolutions the legisla ture will be asked by the budget committee to repeal the law provid ing for bounties on preditory ani mals. Other resolutions ask the legisla ture to repeal the preditory animal bounty law; to include Malheur county in any possible state con ducted campaign against alfalfa weevil; to repeal the law creating the offices of watermasters in the various districts of the state; and to pass laws prohibiting any special elections. The bounty law is costing Mal heur county many thousands of dol lars every year and is not acconv plishing its object as the number of coyotes killed each year is increasing by big leaps. The county court of Malheur is determined to go before the legislature this year with evi dence and fight this law off the statutes if it is possible. Governor-elect Pierce has said he would ask the legislature for an ap propriation to fight the alfalfa wee vil in Baker county. Inasmuch as Malheur county grows more alfalfa than any other county in the state the court believes that any such state campaign should include this county also, and is asking for it. CRESTON Guy Travis is working at the Shumway home. The Creston school was closed one day this week on account of sickness. David Rogers spent the week end at Riverside. Frank Shumway was called home last week on account of his son Wal- ter being ill. Walter is much better at this writing. Ralph Shumway is out of school ?" being confined at home "ot lunches have been provided ' u i i i,;i.i..,,.. a, i.i weather, T. R. Beers is suffering from an jiijuiu aim, Having uei'ii Liiruwii from his horse this week. Mr. Barks was a Creston visitor j tu: .......I, HOLD ANNUAL BANOUET AND SPEND EVENING IN MERRY MAKING. Nyssa, Or., Dec. 22. (Special) Sixteen nurr.btrs ' of the Nyssa Volunteer Fire Department held the Bnufl me' ting of tJhis "" Monday evening and celebrated the occasion with a big duck dinner. The ducks had been captured the day before by a hinting pxrty and; as the hunt was very successful the boys had a whole roast duck apiece, which they proceeded to de Vuur to the laht acrup. The ban quet was fervtd at the Silver Grill. Following u the menu: Kuast Duck with Drcsning. Mash.-d Potato. Brown Gravy. Ku'.'id. Pickle. Cruribfrrien. Coffoe. lie. MTCBCOT HOLD 111 I LI EDITORIAL IS HE A FRIEND? (By the Editor.) At the outset of this article per-! mit me to say that I dislike very much to criticise Governor-elect Walter M. Pierce this early in the game. I did not support him, as my readers well know, and some may thing I will jump at every oppor tunity to discredit him or bis ac tions. But my intentions are not to do so. Mr. Pierce has heralded him self as the farmers' friend and wa elected on a platform of promises to reduce the farmers' taxes and in crease the income from their busi ness. I am with him in both of these and will do what I can to help. But is Mr. Pierce a friend of the farmers of Malheur county? He told them so at Cairo last Fri day in no uncertain terms. But within a few hours he told the peo ple of Portland the city people he made so much fun of at Cairo he was against any further state guar antee of interest of irrigation dis tricts and would ask the legislature to repeal the existing law to that effect. While professing to be the friend of the farmers of Malheur county Mr. Pierce has deliberately kicked them and kicked them while they are down. And he has also deliver ed a blow to farmers of Crook, Kla math, Josephine and other counties in the state where irrigation dstricts are eniovinar state guarantee of in tcrest. " , Mr. Pierce cannot plead ingorance of what will happen to thousands of farmers in Oregon if this payment of interest by the Btate is stopped at this time. At his own request of ficers and members of the Irrigation Congress met with him last week at Baker to consider this very question, Sound, substantial farmers and stockmen from all over the state plainly told Mr. Pierce that disaster to thousands of farmers would fol low the stoppage of this interest. Yet this self-appointed friend of the down-trodden farmers says, in effect, to the city people of Port' land, "I will save you $1,000,000 in taxes. Let the farmers fo&ecare of themselves." Mr. Pierce is probably reasoning that if the farmers cannot pay irri gation bond interest now they never can pay it. In normal agricultural times his reasoning would be sound, but any farmer in the state knows it is false reasoning now. It will mean disaster to thousands of farmers in Oregon. And it will also mean added tax burden upon other farmers and rural business men. "Don't pay any attention to what he is saying. He is alright," said a capitalistic friend of Mr. Pierce to me after meeting at Cairo last Fri day. I am beginning to think this friend knows Mr. Pierce better than his farmer friends know him. ERGOURAGEJELO MEET COUNTY P.-T. A. WANTS THE AMERICAN LEGION WEEKLY IN COUNTRY SCHOOLS. The following resolutions were adopted at the recent meeting of the county council at Warren district near Nyssa. 1. Resolved, That we, the Mal heur County Parent-Teachers asso ciation endorse the work of the county agricultural agent, and the boys and girls club leader and re quest the county court to include these items in the budget. 2. Resolved, That we as members of the P.-T. A. use our influence to encourage the rural and city school of this county to participate in the county field and track meet held in May. 3. Resolved, That the P.-T. A. recommend that the circle furnish the American Legion Weekly to the schools of the district. 4. Resolved, That a county press chairman be appointed, and that each circle shall appoint a press correspondent to furnish Items of P.-T. A. activity to the county press chairman for publication in the P.-T. A. Magazine, in Portland papers, and local papers, also to make a report of this meeting at once. 5. Resolved, That the county P.-T, A. express its regret for the absence of their beloved president, Mrs. Earl Dean, occasioned by her present illness and hope for a speedy return to health. Will lie Home for ChriMtmaa The Minse Margaret Cleveland, Nellie Thompson and. La Vera Moe will arrive tudxy from Eugene to xjiend the holiday with their par ent. Return Home Mrs. Anna Cleveland, who ha I Jin viviting with Mm. J. Kerc-her, returned to bur home In Jamieaon U first of the werk. FARMA6ENTW0ULD IHPHttVEALL G80PS TESTS PUNNED FOR NEXT YEAR ARE NUMEROUS PROGRESS REPORTED FARMERS BELIEVE MARKETING WORK MOST VALUABLE OF ALL DONE. Exhaustive tests of practically every variety of farm product grown in Malheur county for the purpose of perfecting possible varieties bet ter adapted to the soil and climate of this district will be done next year by County Agent L. R. Breith- aupt, according 'to his annual report which was presented to the farm bureau meeting at Cairo last Friday. The plans for this work outline hun dreds of tests of varieties of grains, hay and other agricultural and live stock products. These tests are out lined in the following extract from the report: "Complete tests of 89 varieties of winter wheat and two varieties of winter barley; make test of ten to twenty varieties of spring wheat and extend tests of Federation Spring wheat to all wheat growing communities in the county; expand the use of Trebi barley to new com munities; start five to ten demon strations of Grimm alfalfa vs. com mon; repeat test of promising soy bean varieties and extend demonstra tions to five or ten communities; conduct five to ten red clover seed demonstrations to show possibility of increased profits by taking first crop of the second year for seed in stead of for hay, as now practiced,, land docg not belong to Cantrell maiding siuuy vi uie ciover image in relation to time of clover bloom ing; hold demonstration meetings in all clover seed growing communities to familiarize, growers with buck- horn, and other noxious weeds, and methods of eradicating them; make Held test or alsike clover for seel gy RECEIVER OF DEFUNCT purpsoses under different soil condi- NATIONAL BANK. tions on Warm Springs project; continue tests of Strawberry and Suit was filed in the federal court Ladino clover and test out other in portiand by Ralph A. Holto, re new seed crops; start tests of pas- celver -of the United States National ture plants on both high grade and banki againgt William Allen and alkaline soils; make five to ten j John Norwood to collect directors tests of Groot strain of Reid yellow liabilities totallinir S21.500. Both dent corn vs. other local strains; ex- j pand local production of certified seed potatoes to five or ten new communities and test out whole tubers vs. cut seed for seed pro duction; conduct potato seed certi fication and rogueing demonstra tions; hold lettuce production meet ings during winter and make soil management . tests for head lettuce land, comparing barnyard manure, green pasture, and bare fallow in effect on yield and quality of the crop; make further tests of fall cauliflower in three to five new communities, and conduct a variety of tests of onions; start three to five crop rotations demonstration farms under irrigation of good . , , , , , , . I bench land on a four-year plan of , ... , ' ..r ... I grain-ciover yi), ciover cuiii- vated crops.1 Other work now under way or planned for next year by Mr. Breithaupt includes assisting in soil improvement and irrigation; holding livestock and poultry dem onstrations; continue the campaign for poisoning rabbits, squirrels, coy ote and other crop pests; assist in fruit production and the eradication of coddling moth, and various other farm activitiei which have been helped in the past by this office. Mr. Breithaupt' . report covered the work of hi department for the past two year and, in the opinion of many member of the farm bu reau, showed valuable work for ag ricultural development of the coun ty. The report attributed credit to whatever has' been accomplished to the farm bureau, the county court, newspaper of the county, and the commercial, parent - teacher and other organization within the county that have assisted. "The work i essentially educa tional," continued the report, "con ducted by special method under un usual circumstances, and for this reason it is exceedingly difficult to measure the results in term of cash value immediately accruing to the county because of it. !t is far more difficult to estimate the ultinvite economic benefit. However, u'fi. rient direct raxh return can be at tributed thereto to offset the .coat many time." That part of the report dealing with co-operative marketing in the county clu'mod the closest interest of the farmer who listened to the report. This work began with an educational campaign in 1021 to teach the fundamental principle of succeaiful co-operative marketing Next Year? There are about "steen" dif- ferent ways to make Vale and fha WarmRnrincrti nmto rant. 1- - -. - o , . - j the highest stage of develop- ment and prosperity and every formula contains the word "boost" and the word co-oper- ate." Do not foreet that, friends. Big things are ahead for this district next year and it is time now to prepare for them. And the first thing to do is to in- corporate those two little words Into every action for the bet- terment of this district is to incorporate some sort of club, association, organization, etc. It does not matter what you call it just so you "co-operate" and boost." RGAD CAUSED DAMAGES WILLIAM LEES ASSERTS COUN TY INJURED HIS PROPERTY $4000 WORTH. When the county built the Adrian Owyhee section of the Nyssa-Jordan Valley market road it did damages to property owned' by W. E. Lees of Ontario to the tune of $4000, ac cording tg a complaint filed in the circuit court of Malheur county this week by the plaintiff's attorney. Damages to that amount are atked of the county to appease the plain tiff of the Injury he alleges he sus tained. The lan din question is along the bank of the Owyhee river and a deep fill was placed across it for the road. According to District At torney Lytle a right-of-way deed to the land was secured by the county from a Mr. Cantrell at the time the road was built. The county did not obtain an abstract of title to the am J la. 1 J 1 J 1.1.... but to Mr. Lees. TO COLLECT LIABILITY SUIT FILED IN FEDERAL COURT of the defendants were director of the bank which closed its doors over a year ago. CROWLEY Joe Winters has been bidding his many friends in this vicinity goodbye as he expects to leave shortly for Idahe. !, Frank Davis was a Crowley, vis itor Thursday. Dave Rogers of Creston was here one day this week. Cliff Jordan returned Thursday after a business trip to the lower country. . . , .. , Thursday . on account of the serious . , , . n. illness of his son Walter. The Crowley school children are expecting to give a Christmas pro gram on December 22nd. Mrs. Crosby and daughter of Rome passed through Crowley this week. and has been carried on until it is entimated that many thousands of additional dollars have found their way into the pocket of Malheur county farmer in the two years. "The exact amount of additional cash which ha been received by the farmers of Malheur county because of this movement is difficult to de termine accurately because of the complexity of the problem and the expense involved in assembling de pendable data," says Mr. Breithaupt. "There is no question, however, that the benefits amount to many thou sands of dollars. Aside from the extra cash received by the farmers there i considerable advantage to the members in being able to spend their time on useful work on the farm, whereas, without such mar keting facilitie they would be call ed upon frequently to spend much valuable time searching for some mean of disposing of their product. Vhen viewed with the fact that farming at best pay very narrow margins of profit and frequently none whatever, even amall gains :l'i-ough efficient marketing are of ;treme importance in maintaining or expanding the industry, which, by the way, i the only primary in dustry of any consequence in the country. These benefit should in crease greatly from year to year a the farmer more generally take advantage of the superior facilities o'fvred for marketing farm product through properly organized and well managed co-operative marketing aaociation.H DREXEL HOTEL IS LEASED BY SMITH VALE BUSINESS HUN WILL BECOME "MINE HOST" IMPROVE DINING ROOM CIGAR AND BILLIARD HALL TO BE MOVED INTO THE HOTEL BUILDING. The property and hotel equipment of the Drexel hotel in this city has been leased by James A. Smith and will- be conducted by the new p: o prietor beginning the first of the year. '- . - The Drexel hotel property is con sidered one of the best hotel prop erties in a city the size of Vale in Eastern Oregon. It is .a three-story stone ; building and contains 68 guest rooms, many of them with in dividual bath. The ground floor contains a spacious lobby, a lunch room and a dining room outside of the part of this floor which is rented to the Vale National "bank and the Vale branch of the Federal Reserve bank. The property is owned by G. Porter; who conducted the hostelry . up to last August. Mr. Porter is now operating a hotel at Lethbridge, Alia., which is one of a string ot hotels owned in Canada by his father and himself. ', Mr. Smith .iteJs no introduction to the people of Malheur county. He has owned and conducted a bil liard hall and cigar store in Vale for a number of years and is one of the popult. young business n.en of this section. While all of his plans are not fully made, Mr. Smith has announced that he will continue to operate the dining room in the hotel. He ex pects to make some changes in this feature of the hotel and says that the dining room will be greatly im proved and that he will endeavor to make it a credit tj the county. His cigar rstoi6 will,, be m'ove(i into1' the '" lobby of the hotel and he expects to ' renovate the dining room and lunch room so that he will have space enough for at least part of his bil liard hall equipment. A. J. Zettle has been conducting the Drexel hotel since Mr. Porter left Vale a few months ago. He has already returned to his old home at Lethbridge. LODGEFlERTAIHEO ODD FELLOWS AND REBEKAHS GUESTS OF PARMA LODGES THURSDAY EVENING. Nyssa, Or., Dec. 22. (Special) Gate City Lodge I. O. O. F. No. 214 and Yellow Rose Rebejkah Lodge No. 202 were royally entertained by the I. O. O. F and Rebekah lodges of Parma last Thursday evining at Parma. The occasion was a recep tion for Bro. Mitchell, the grand master of Idaho. Mitchell delivered a splendid talk on Odd Fellowship one that was appreciated by all present. Sister Ross, past president of the Rebekah assembly, in behalf of the member of the Parma order, then presented Bro. Mitchell with a fine leather brief case. Those who at tended from Nyssa were: Mr. and Mr. William Beam, Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Duncan, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Newbill, Mr. and Mr. A. V. Cook, Mr. J. R. Hunter, Mrs. Sam Blaylock, Mrs. C. W. Reberger, Mrs. Frank Stubb and Mia Mc Clure. Bridge Dinner Mr. and Mrs. Robt. D. Lytle en tertained at a bridge dinner given in honor of the birthday anniversary of John P. Houston. A very charming table was arranged with Candler flowers and a huge birthday cake. Covers were laid for Mr. and Mr. John P. Houston, Mr. and Mrs. Ivan E. Oakes of Ontario, Mr. and Mr. C. C. Burrow, A. J. Mean of Port land and Mr. and Mr. R. D, Lytle. After dinner bridge waa played with Mr. Oakes winning high honor. Return From Portland I Tommy Boston returned Wednes day from Portland, where he ha-i been visiting for the past wecl Basil Boston, who accompunied hir.i to Portland, will continue to San Francisco, slopping over in Eugene to visit with hi, lister, Mis Pauline Boston, of the University. Motor to Ontario Mr. George Hart and Children and John Hart made bualnesa trip to Ontario the last of this week. Leaves for Juntura Gilbert Manterson left Friday for Juntura fur a visit with hi parent.