l County Official Paper An Independent Newspaper Published Thursdays at Ontario, Oregon, and entered nt tho Ontario post office for distribution as 2nd class matter. 0. K. Atkon, Managing Editor MMMMMMMWMMMAMMV SUBSCRIPTION One Tear, f 2.00 GOVKNUMKiVr HAS CIIAN(IKI) "Taxoa nro prohibltivo." "Wo nro paying tpo much for oducatlon." "Proporty cannot aland tho cost of govornniont." Whonovor two or throo proporty owners got togothor it la a sato nssortion that sontlnionts llko thoao nro hoard. What do thoao tilings moan? Are thoy truoT If truo whoro will proaont conditions load us? Thoso nro natural questions to follow a con sldorntlou of statouionts ulado abovo. It is difficult to answor thoso quostlons, .for tho concoptlon that pcoplo ontortnln of tho function of govornuiout dlffors so vidoly. If wo wore to return to tho old concop ' tlon of govornmont, which cnlldd for llttlg moro than tho policing of tho country and tho financing of tho loglslatlvo system, then indood nro thoso right who complain of the cost. For that sorvlco the proaont taxoa nro too high. Rut aro wo not getting moro than tho moro protection of llfo and proporty, and tho machinery of le gislation, togothor with tho odu catlon ot our boys and girls In tho tho throo Its? In otboi words, has not govornmont followod nW tho physical and social world in tho pro coss of ovolutlonT ' It cannot bo donlod that it is so. f fi No rnattor what thoso who own proporty may think and may doslro, it Is certain that tho will not boo . any matorlal reduction in taxation. Whllo thoro la undoubtedly a meas ure of luatflclonoy In public sorvlco, and ocouomlos are possible In many sphoros, yot wore thoao nil socurod . and tho efficiency of govornmont pltcod on 100 por cent busts, yot tho total reduction In "-' would'bo but u small faction; unless 'ho . functions ot iovoruuiout too aro cur- tallod am' a roturn made to tho prima tho regulation for- which many proporty ownors cravo. Wo may bo ontlrely wrong in our boliof, yot wo think that tho pooplo by vast majorities will doclluo to ro duco tho social sorvlco thoy rro, and have boon demanding of tho govorn mont!, national, stato , county aid city. Tho thoory that porsonal pro tection and rights aro superior to proporty rights has boon gonernlly accoptod, and on that 'thoory has been Justified and socurod tho tlc groo of socialism in which wp aro now living. Without calling It so, wo havo reached a socialized stato. Our taxos aro going to support not gov ornmont alone, but oclal wolfaro. Havo wo not health Inspectors, san- itary Inspectors, factory inspectors, widows pensions, workiuons compen sation, watormastors, mluo Inspect ors, buoaus ad Infinitum for tho pur pose of doing things which tho fam ily, tho employer, tho Individual did beforo? All thoso cost money, and so long as wo havo thorn wo will havo to unlto to pay for them. They are part ot tho inodorn conception ot society. Thoy aro hero, and whethor tho proporty owner Ukos it or not he will bo culled upon to pay tho bill, until ho and others llko him havo the power to persuade tho majority ot the pooplo that this Is wrong and should bo stopped. Tako our educational institutiens: Those ot today aro so far superior to thoso ot our fathers that there is right hero in - Ontario a HlgW School which offers moro courses, has more equipment and takes Its pupils farther on the road 1 ot knowlodgo than did any ot the universities ot the early days in America. If w.o are to have tor our v children these advantages, they must be paid for, and not by tho in dividual parent alone, for the pco plo have decreed that the best safe guard 'ot a republican ( form of gov ernment is an educated electorate. If we did not have proper educa tional institutions the only mannor In which our children could be edu cated would be through the agoncy ot the private school and endowed college. Anyone -who knows appre ciates that thus the degree of edu cation ot the people as a whole would be greatly lessened. An un educated people is a dangerous peo ple in a country such as ours, and therefore it is not to bo thought of that our public schools should be destroyed. If then relief for- those who are feeling the burden of taxation la to be socured and for them It must be secured, for there is real suffer ing ad the burden Is unjustly heavy upon some of our people THEONTABIO ARGUB, ONTABIO, OREflON, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 2. 1922 other moans of raising tho nocos sary funds must bo socured. Thoro must bo a wider spread of tho bur don. Proporty that Is now escaping its sharo of tho cost of government must bo mado to pay. All this Is amply proven for Oro gon In tho recont discussion of tho commltteo jippolntod to Investigate conditions. It is found that half tho proporty of tho stato Ib not on tho tax rolls. That porsounl prop erty It not paying its sharo has boon proven. That men with largo In comes from Intanglblo proporty pny nothing that notos and other forms ot ovldonvo ot wontth oscapo en tirely. Thoroln llos tho way for roform. And tho stato lncomo tax Is tho propor monas ot getting at a fair proportion of tho tax dodgers. With a stato income tax real ostato would not bo callod upon to pay throo-fourtha of Oregon's taxes as It doos today. . Till COUNTY LIBRARY In tho rocont roport of tho Mai nour County Library Is to bo found a healthful optimism concerning tho futuro of Malheur county. Tho roport shows that tho uso of this Institution Is growing by leaps and bounds; that tho pooplo all ovor tho county aro availing thorn solves of tho opportunities of read ing which tho library affords. Tho circulation of books has Incrcaaod In ono yonr 157 por cent; whllo ovon mora amazing Is tho Increase In tho numbor ot borrowors through tho introduction over tho county of tho now syatom of distribution. Undor tho now plan whoroby tho pooplo ot tho outlro county can socuro books from tho contra! library and havo illations in their own com munities, tho numbor ot borrowors Increased during tho year 1084 or an Incronso ovor tho number of now borrowors during 1010 ot 008 par cont. Pooplo who dovoto tlmo to read ing nro good cltlzons, generally spoaklng. Thoy not only gain know lodgo for tbamsolvos, but bocauso of tholr rending, many of thorn panod on to many others, tho Inspiration thoy rocolvo from tho books thoy road. Generally spoaklng tho books road are uplifting and thus tho work Boos on and on as ono nftor another roads thorn. It is Impossible to monsuro tho g.'od which a book does and It Is to So rogrottod that our library has to n.lht tho most sorlous ot handi caps; a Inck ot books; but ovon so tho goi d which la balng accomplish ed mor ts tho enthusiasm and tho effort wl ich Is put into tho library. LIBRARY NOTES Tho Central Library Is oon dally oxcopt Friday and Sunday from 2;30 to C;30 and 7:00 to 0:00. Of spoclal Intorost to plonoors of Oregon should bo this book by Allco Tisdalo "Pionoorlng whoro tho World is Old." Tho author and hor husband each with tho Inheritance of a rover'B spirit, wore callod on business to that part of China that llos outaldo the Oroat Wall, Mail cliurla. Hero, in that grqat uusol tlod and ancient provlnco, traveling in a twowhoolod bullock cart, thoy oncountorod all tho porlls ot fron tier llfo whoro bandits roam at largo. Tho book Is lllustratod by photographs takon by Mrs. Tisdalo. Tho swoet scents, silken veils and violet eyes ot tho uoautlful women ot tho Turkish haronis aro mystor los only vaguely imaglnod by tho practical woman of tho Western world. Douiotra Vaka, a young Qraok, was born a Turkish subjoct, and lived hor girlhood In Constuutl uoplo. Hero hor playmates woro llttlo Turkish girls of tho uppor class. Upon being sout to Amorlcu to bo aducatod, sho dlscovorod that tho Turks woro hold in groat hat rod by tho Americans and that tholr womon woro consldorol mis- ornblo slaves. Aftor six years In tho West, looming Occidental cus toms, sho returned for a visit to liar natlvo laud, determined to find out whether heboid frlonds woro as the Amorlcnns said nnd sho had novor known It. Upon nrrlvlug In Con stantinople, sho rocolvod tho follow lug typically Turkish lottor from a girlhood frleud: "Beloved Ono, from a far way country, coine: Do you romombor your frlonds; or havo books and knowlodgo within tbom mado your formerly donr hoart llko a bookcase? If you still leva us, como to soo us. Two loving hoarts, and tho llt tlo buds that havo sprung from thorn. NASSARKII and TSAKRAN, Tholr buds and tnoir gardonor. Then follows In tho book "Har omllk" which sho has written about tho onsulng visits to old friends llv tug in Turkish haroms, an account ot hor visit to Nassarah and Tsa krau both ot whom havo tho same husband. Ono aftor tho othor, sho questions hor old frlonds and many now ones; tho rosult is a fascinating tulo ot Turkish harom llfo and a Turkish explanation ot why that llfo porslsts. KINGMAN K010NY DELIGHTFUL PARTY IS GIVEN FOR LITTLE TOTS OF KOLONY Meet Friday Klcvdi Pupil Hnvo Perfect ShIiooI Attend unco Record PA I' THH GOVERNMENT At la it thoro nppoars In Idaho a Hontlmebt for honost dealing with tho reclamation sorvlco. A', last thoro appears mon and publications with tho coura,; to toll tlj folks of our neighboring rIri tho truth concerning tholr nttltudo toward a service which was doslgned to aid tho arid land states, and not Idaho alono. So long as tho pooplo ot Idaho, and othor states, for Idaho is not alone In its dorellctlon, sook to avoid the payment to tho reclama tion funds tho assessments duo on tholr systems, so long will, It bo boforo other states, like Oregon which havo been denlod tholr sharo ot tho funds, socuro Justice Idaho has had from tho fund soveral times tho amount the stato has contributed through tho sale of publlo lands; Oregon has not had half of what It ban put into reclama tion funds spont within hor borders for government reclamation pro jects. Not satisfied with this dis parity Idahoans somo of them at least want to havo a holiday on tho payment of their assessments, thus compounding the felony ot In justice to Oregon. Fortunately tho Congressmen Ad dison T. Smith of Idaho and the Statesman of Dolso havo come for ward with a frank statement ot tho facts. It the reclamation lands which havo been so favorably treated can not pay their way, then reclama tion In Idaho lsva failure; the pro ponents of postponment must admit that is a logical conclusion to draw from their own statements. Of course this is not true. Reclama tion, has paid in Idaho, and the reclamatlonlsts in Idaho can pay If they want to. I" I iuulUKUWEkS to hold ANNUAL CONVtHTiGR Mrs. F. T. Morgan ontortnlnod nt n delightful party Saturdny nftor noon, colobrntlng tho eighth birth day of her dnughtor, Mnrgnrot. A dainty suppor wna sorvod at flvo o'clock. A mooting of tho It. T. A. will ho hold Friday, February 3. nt 2:30. A short prgrnm In bolng nrounrod. A numbor of younK noonlo eath- orod nt tho W. L. Bhaffor homo last Sunday aflornoon, going to tho Elliot homo In tho ovonlng, whoro thoy spent tho tlmo with cames nnd a Boclal good tlmo. Conrad Martin shinned In from Moscow, Idaho, tho past wcok, a flno Duroc Jorsoy to head his puro brod hogs. Messrs. Kldrldgo and Parsons havo boon on tho sick Ifst tho past wook, nut nro now improving. Tho Intcrmountalti Institute at WoUor closod ' today, a largo num bor of Btudonts bolng til with n Blight form of "flu." , Qrndo pupils nolthor tardy nor nbsont during tho month of Jan uary: Corn lillot , Floyd Eliot, Harold Eliot, James McEwen, Lloyd McEwen, Helen Powell, Eddlo Pow ell, Ella Hood, James Mcdlnnls, Chester Hood, Isanotto Mnrtln. New Price Fordson TRACTOR $492.85 F. O. B. ONTARIO Ask about our new Price on Ford Cars FORD GARAGE CONGREGATIONAL CHUHCH Sunday School, 10:00 a. m. Preaching, 11:00 a. m. Uor. 0. 1). Ilcoso will preach, Mrs, Harrison will sing a solo. Chrlstatn Endonvor, 0:30 p. m. Pronchlng, 7:30 p. in. Subject: Moses Cholco. FOIt.SALE 80 tons liny, will soil all or small amounts. 1 mllo west ot town. Ed Long. It FOR SALE 00 Ilhodo Island rod pullets, and year old hens, good lay ing strain. Mrs. Dort Koplln, On tario It. F. D. 2t FOIl BALM Sovoral head of good dairy cows nnd holfors can bo booh ono mllo wost ot hospital on old BoaRlo placo terms. 7-8 pd FOIl SALE Flflcon head good thrifty shoots prlcod right for rash C. W. Oarrott 3U mllos west On tario, tf YS .. .... w It is the policy of our bank always to keep our service adequate to present day requirements. Business, Banking Life are different today. We take personal interest in your business welfare and guarantee you a banking service here that is up to the minute in comprehension and handling of your needs. HowEdYltIjToG?tCloih? Clean HURLEYIBI JS When You tins HiiriaY .SoP gJ0 When You Upe Hurley Convention lu Pendleton, Feb- ruury 10, il, mid Will Din- Ciu Mirny Problems List Of Speakers Given BAPTIST CHURCH Illblo School, 10;00 a. m. Morning Worship, 11 a. m. Rer. J. O. Austin of Portland will preach. Junior B. T. P. U 6:30 p. m. Gospel Service, 7.30 p. m. The Pastor being absent the Gos- pol Team will have chargo of the service. , Teacher training ciass Monday at 7:30 p. in. Prayer Meeting, Wednesday 7:30. FOR SALE Mammouth Whit Pekln ducks, $3.00 each. Hans Oft. Ontario R. F. P. It Tho twenty-third a'nnuul conven tion ot tho Oregon Woolgrowors will bo hold In Pendleton, Fob, 10, 11. A great array ot talout has been Uuod up for tho session and both days will bo crowdod full In order to glvo tho many good speakers a chance to load lu tho discussions and for tho reports ot tho commit tees, and tho business ot tho con vention. , Tho following authorities on tho problems conuocted with tho Indus try of sheep raising will bo heard; F. It. Marshall, Sec. National Woolgrowers Association, Dr. 8. W. McClure, Fornior Soc. National Woolgrowors, Manager ot tho Cunningham Bhoep Co. A. J. Kuollln, Manuger Wool growers, Commission Co. E, F. Denson, Manager Dept. of Immigration and Industry, N. P, R. R., formerly Commissioner of Agri culture in Stato ot Washington, R, A. Ward, .Managor Oregon Cooperative Woolgrowers. Robert WIthycombo, Supt. East ern Oregon Experiment Station. Paul V. Marls, Dlroctor ot Ex tension O. A. C. Stanley Jowett, In chargo of Pre datqry Animal Work, M. 8. Bio logical Survey, E. N. Kavanaugh, District Forest Supervisor, and others. In order to got down to busjness early In tho sessien: the committees will be appointed boforo tho con vention opens so that they may have the time to frame good, sound, con structive recommendations. The sheepmen aro realizing the neces sity ot taking organized steps to protect their business. A banquet will be held on Friday night and the Pendleton Commercial club Is holding a smoker for the Woolgrowers Saturday night. The executive commltteo is looking for ward to the best attended session ever held. ht t Vi t"m '"v 7 assisiSiSiSiSiSiSiSiSiSiSiSisV JTW ssisisisisisisisisisH I v V .' -A v ssssssssR2TTv!bbbsssssss1 11 rlSpl rfo.jgJE, H A Hew Soap Preparation mr TV c& Hfcl, $z For Washing Machines UI. JL I'll-L. SVaSTP uVtfryffK I SAVISWO'K'SAYlSCtOTHES Special 15 Day Offer On Hurley Washing Soap Powder Hurloy's Oranulated Soap Is especially prepared for wash ing machine uso and roqulroa no bolting or preparation Jutt placo tho sotted clothos in the washer, fill the machine to tho wator lino with hot water and ADD THREE TABLESPOON FULS ot Hurley's Soap IT WILL "GET THE DIRT," quickly and easily. t s To Introduce this wondorfully good soap to our thousands ot customers In Southern Idaho and Eastorn Orogon, wo aro offering It for fifteen days at the special price ot 1.36 for the large E-pound package. Large S.Poutul Package For $1.35 TRY IT NEXT WASH DAY Buy a package of Hurley Wash Machine Soap and try it out next wash day. You'll bo surprised how much cleaner your clothes will be. Hurley Soap Is Cheaper Because it Goes Farther This soap Is the most economical you can buy because It Is so concentrated and offectlve that only a small amount Is needed to get results; 3 tablospooufula In tho first washerful ot clothes and l tablespoontul for ouch additional load of clothos. A E-pound package will last a long tlmo. Fine For Dish Washing and Scrubbing"" Put a level tablespoontul of Hurloy Soap In your dlshpsn tho results are surprising. For scrubbing use a heaping tablespoontul to a pall of water. THIS OFFER IS fJOOD AT ALL ELKOTRIO SHOPS OF TIIK IDAHO POWER COMPANY ELECTRIC SHOP IDAHO POWER COMPANY -A... .