jw. tfHtfttritf --v---' ' -Vtr -J ,' i $ N i VOL. XXV ONTARIO, MALHEUR COUNTY, OREGON, TJUJflSDAY, JULY 28, 1921 NO 34 Affflttft. l : ft OREGON BANKS HAVE IL No Stato In Union linn Surpassed Old Oregon J ii Last Year Only Ono Failure North Dakota la lilt Hard Bays Htnto Hank Examiner Bnlom, Or., July, (Bpoclal) Oro Ron, with only ono bank falluro duo to tho financial depression following tho war, 1b nmong tho bIx states In tho Union that havo host wontliorod tho adversities cnusod by docllnlng prices, uncertain market conditions and an abnormal situation attend ant to tho country'a readjustment, according to a roport compiled horo today by Frank UramwotJ, stato aup orlntondcnt of banks, says tho Satom Correspondent of tho Oreeonlan. Mr. Dramwoll's roport was based on statistics furnished by tho fod oral rosorvo bank at San Francisco, and covers tho porlod from Novem ber 22, 1020, to July 1, 1021. Btatcs othor than Oregon that havo boon crodltod with only ono bank falluro during tho porlod coverod In tho roport Include Tonnossbo, Con necticut, Massachusetts, Florida and Wyoming. Ono Daniels Iteopcnotf Although tho fodoral rosorvo bank statistics show that throo banks In Oregon clOHod tholr doors botwoon Novombar 22, 1020, nnd July 1. . 1921, Mr. Dramwoll said that only ono of thnao, tho Crook County Bank of Prlncvlllo,' was forced to suspond business becauso of tho financial de pression. Tho First titato & Sav ings Dank of Klamath Falls, which cloiiod Its doors temporarily, was ra opened on Mrrc,h 14, 1021, liquidat ed Its papor and now Is on a solid financial tooting, Tho closing of tho Dank of Jack sonville, also ohargod against Oro Kon, Mr. Drnmwoll said, was not duo In any way to financial conditions but was tho rosult of questionable management.. Tho prosldont of this Institution now Is sorvlng a torm in tho stato ponltontlnry for falsifying tho records of tho depository, wlillo sovoral othor porsons aro under In dictment, chargod with being partly responsible' for wrecking tho institu tion. North Dakota lilt Hardest North Dakota, tho stamping ground of tho non-partisan loague, had tho most bank falluros of any stato In tho union. In this state there wore a total of 51 banks forced to rloso their doors during tho eight months covorod In Mr Dramwell's report. Texas was sec ond on tho list with 39 failures, Montana third with 10 falluros and Idaho fourth with an aggregato of 14 failures. ' California had n total nt throo failures, Including tho Kirs Nation al Dank of artdloy, California Nat ional Dank of Modesto and the Nip pon Dank of Sacramento. Tho lat ter Institution subsequently was re opened. Washington had eight failures. These Included the State Dank of Illack Diamond, First National Bank of Clarkston, Citizens Dank of Georgetown, Kelso State Dank, North Bide Stato Dank of Boattlo, Bcandlnnvlan-Amo'flcan Dapk of Seattle, Scandinavian-American Hank pf Tacoma and tho Central Dank & Trust Company of Yakima. Idaho Failures Reported Failures roported .by the stato of Idaho Include: , Overland National Dank of Dolse, Druneau State Dank of Druneau (re opened June 28, 1921), Dank of Commerce of Hurley (reopened June 2, 1921), Durley Stato Dank, Ooeur d'Alene Dank & Trust company of Coeur d'Alene, First National Dank of Fairfield, Grangevllle 8avlngs Dank & Trust company of Grange vllle, Karalah State bank, State Dank of Kooskla, Commercial & Savings Dank of Mountain Home, Fidelity Stato Dank of Oroflno, State Dank of Peck Dannoek National Hank or Pocatello, Stockgrowers' Dank & Trust company of Pocatello, Dank of Stltes, ,Mrs. A. M. Sheffield of Spokane Is In Ontario this week on business in; connection with the Judication of tho Owyhee Ditch water rights. O. H. Peterson of Ontario, receiv ed a message Wednesday to (the ef fect that his mother had, passed away at her home in Berkley, Cali fornia, at the age of 80 years At th time Mr. Petersen was oa the way to Portland with, ,a load of stack, and was uaaWe to be preaeat at th (immmI, BTATK KMCCTIUCAL INSPECTOR GIVES VAXUAHLK INFOUMATIO.N Stnto Eloclrlcal Inspector, Aiken, with headquartors at Portland, stopped oft In Ontario Tuesday ovonlng. Whllo hero ho mot with tho Flra Department, who gavo him a demonstration of tholr work. Ho spoko to the boys on tho oloctrlcal work of Oregon, and they woro free to ask htm any quostlou concerning this work. They ro colvod a lot of Information, regard ing such things aB how to tako caro of tho oloctrlcal wItob on a burning building otc. Mr. Alkcn urncs On tario to nccopt tho Orogon Electrical codo. From here ho wont on to Vale nnd Nyssa. At Nyssn ho will Inspect tho wiring of tho school house. MNfiELD IN LETTER TALKS OF BONUS BILL i:plitIiiN to ex-Hen Ico Men Why lit VoJetl ns President Wished nnd Ask Hoys to bo Patient for n Tlmo Telegram Washington Duroau , yuslilnntoii, July 25,- Senator Btanflold Is writing personally to all ox-soldiers who havo boon fighting for tho lutniedlato passage of tho bonus bill, explaining tho situation and urging that tho administration bo given opportunity to work out Its plans. In theso letters Sonator Stanflold says: "That I am In favor of ndjustod compensation for our soldier boys Is woll known. In l'nvor of Hill "Tho prlnclplo of adjusted com pensation Is sound and just, and I hopo at no distant data It. will bo enacted Into law. shall do all I can to bring this about. "Tho secretary of tho- treasury on April 26, 1921, mado a statement to tho chairman of tho ways and moans commlttco of tho house and on July 2 In reply to an Inquiry wroto a lottor to Sonator Frollnghausen In which ho very forcibly brought to tho attention of congress tho condi tion of tho fodoral troasury and the probablo consequences to tho coun try and tho troasury If tho obliga tions contemplated In tho bill undor consideration woro added at this tlmo. v "On tho 12th Instant, tho presi dent In porson, dollvorod n strong, convincing, courageous and states manlike message to tho senate, re citing tho present condition of tho fodoral troasury, tho outstanding federal obligations, tho wldesproad Industrial' depression provalllng and the agent to which provision In bo Ing mado for tho disabled and do pondent. "In consideration 'of. tnls ho re quostod tlie sonato to' defer action upon the pending bill by recommit ting It to tho commlttoo on finance and in doing so added, 'If tho bur gotted recommitment of this meas ure bore tho merest suggestion of, neglect or hint of national ingrati tude I would not urgo it.' Kxplulns Action "In view of theso presentations, the low prlco of farm products ovorywhere, Idle labor In largo num bers, thrf hlRhost taxes In our his tory, huge obligations, public and private, that must bo paid or return-5 ed and also having In mind that our own boloved state of Oregon has mado some provision for our sol-, dlor boys along a similar line, after, very sorious tnougni anu consiaora- (Ion I yielded tuy dostre to hasten tho passage of this bill and deferred my judgment to the president's re quest. "The administration Is entitled to a fair chance to work out the groat problems before it end upon which it has made remarkablo pro cress since Inauguration. "In this I feol sure that evory lowal ex-soldier will cheerfully con pur, thus again placing the welfare pf his country first In his affections and patiently await the time when tho federal treasury will be In a safe and sound condition, the Industrial agricultural and commercial Inter ests reorganized, and the country as a whole readjusted the after-war conditions. "I am inclosing senate document No. 48, containing the president's message, the gtatagMwU of the sec retary of tho troMjwy hereinbefore metre to, a c , wrote cm G06, and the report of the coamlttee M ftftaaaa,." SUFFERS DEFEAT AT VALE Vnlo Wins First of Series of Throw Onine to Im) Played With OnUtrlo. Aftor nine hard fought Innings last Sunday Vale managed to dofeat tho Ontario team by a sc'oro of G to 4. When the, old tlmo rivals mot on tho Vale diamond last Sunday, tho caRor spectators gathered with tho expectation of witnessing a real "scrap" for honors, and tho boys surely gavo them a r,un for tholr monoy. In tho swoltorlng heat of 100 In tho shado tho boys played tho gamo ffor all thoro was In it, nnd tho fin al scoro Indicates that tho two teams wcra woll matchod. Howovor On tario was somewhat handicapped last Bunday In that tho boys enter ed tho gnmo with a crlpplod llno-up. Jack Mammon pitched a good game nil the way thru and Vale managed to get In only ono clean hit. In spile of tho fact that tho "Ump" occasion ally failed to , rocognlzo n fair "strike" Last Sunday's gamo Js tho first of a Borlos of throo gJmes to bo played by theso teams. Tho noxt gamo Is scheduled for Sunday, July 31, and will be. played at tho On tario Fair grounds commencing ul 2:30. It's nn understood fart that both f;amK will bo out with tho best llno-up available, and tho gamo will bo ono to hold tho Interest of tho crowd from start to finish. Tho Ontario boys aro In to win and It's up to ovoryono tobo nt tho gamo Sunday. Your attendance nt the gamo Bunday will bo n groat encour ngomont to tho boys, Ho bo on hand and do your part In hflplng Ontario to put ono ovor en Vnlot I WILL VISIT 8NTARI0 Tour of Inspection of Owjheo Pro ject mill Visit to Proponed Hlto of Diversion Dhiii Is Planned A. P. Davis, director of reclama tion, of Washington, D. O., and F. E. Woymouth, chief engtneor of tho reclamation Borvlco, of Denver, are to bo In Ontario Friday and Saturday for tho purpose of inspecting tho Qwyheo project. A largo party of Ontario and Nys sn citizens aro planning on accom panying theso gontlomont upon this tour and will visit tho proposed alto of tho new diversion dam near tho "Hole In tho around" ranch on tho Qwyheo river. Tho project report by engineer Dond of Dolse, will soon bo ready for submission to tho secretary of the Intorlor and some nctlon Is look od for upon passage of the Smith McNary bill in December. I -n in urn ! UOYH' AND GIHLS' CLU1W , ENJOYED PIONIO J-'HIDAY A picnic for tho, mombers of tho Doyp'- and Girls' Clubs and their parents was .hold Friday, July 22, at the Dig Dond Park. The districts ropresentod wcra Dig Dend, King man Kolony and Owyhee. The club members In Warren district wero not present. Mr. McCall, county agent of Can- "Ion county gave a vory Interesting W " what can "e derived rrom dun work. Mr. McCall was for four years State Dors' nnd Girls' Club Lender In Idaho and was largoly re sponsible for the success of the work In that stato. Two girls from the Owyhee poul try club gave a culling demonstra tion. They told tho character of a gopd laying ben and pointed out tho differences between a good layer and a poor layer, A demonstration on tha various kinds of stitches was put on by the Dig Dend Sewing Club. Kach girl actually mode a dlfforent kind of a stitch and told Its uses. After tho program a ball game between Dig Dend Corn Club and the rest of the club members was staged. The Dig Dond Corn Club under tho coaching of "Mike" Eachus their local leader havo de veloped a team which can put up a good brand of ball and during the first Inning played the visitors' clear off their feet. The visiting team kbad never played together before and showed their lack of practice In the way they bandied the ball. After the first three Innings however, thy tightened up and played regular i baseball. CONTRACT 72.8 MILES OF HIGHWAY WORK Commission Will Meet July 28 In Portland for Consideration of Pitting nnd Grading Project Nino Counties Included SALEM, Or., July 11. (Bpoclnl) Hoy A. Klein, secretary to tho stato highway commission, has announced that 72.8 mites of road Improve ment, distributed ovor nlno projects In nlno counties, will bo up for con sideration by tho stato highway com mission at Its meeting In Portland, July 28. A summary compiled by Mr. Kloln follews: Clackamas county Pnvlng of bridges on Pacific highway at Tryon creek, Suckor crook and Molallo rlv or. Cut-off Included Clatsop county Regarding and rocking of Wnrrofiton cut-off, ap proximately two miles, and construc tion of rock shoulders eighteen-foot pavement between cast end of War ronton cut-off and Miles crossing, dlstnnro of 2.5 miles. Deschutes county Grading of Tho Dallos-Callforula highway from Klamath-Deschutes county lino north toward Dond, dlstanco of 17 mites. Lnko county Gruding botwoon Chandler's station and Chowaucan Narrows on Lakovlow-Palsloy road. 10 8 nillesy Also grading of an: pruncnon io uriUKU near i nownuciui river at Palsloy. Grading Contemplated Lincoln county Grading on Cor-vallls-Nowport highway botwoon To ledo and Chltwood, 8 mllos. Linn county Paving botwoon Shedd and Halsey on Pacific high way. 7-5 mllos. Tillamook county Hock surfac ing on Doosovoll highway botwoon Wilson river nnd lllvordnlo, north of Tillamook city, 1.5 miles. Wheeler county Grading nnd rock-surfacing between Fossil nnd Cummins hill on John Day highway, 2 5 miles. Yamhill county Gravel surface on West Side highway botwoon Am ity nnd McMlnnvllloo, 3 mllos. KPKCIALtHT l.NHPKOTH I'lKLlW l'"OK HKKD CKHTIFK'ATION W. 8. Carpenter, crop specialist with tho Oregon Kxtonslon Porvlco spent four dnys In the county going over fields of wheat and potatoes tb Inspect them for seed certification. Moro than twenty applications for Inspection .of potatoes woro taken caro of and sovoral fields of wheat Inspected. Mr. Carpenter also pass ed on twelvo or fifteen fields ofi whout on which notes had boon tak on by tho county ngont, It having boon Impossible for the Inspector to arrlvo In tlmo for examination be foro tho whoat was cut. Tho Inspection proved that thero It vory little seed In the county which Is good enough to pass the requirements of tho Orogon Inspec tion Of all of tho whoat examined, only two Holds, both of Jenkins club, woro good enough to pass first In spection. One of theso fields Is In Dig Hond on tho farm of R. L. Tate and tho other at Nyssa, belonging to Gorrott Oroot Whether the seod will pass tho socond, or bin, inspec tion remains to bo seen. Tho potatoes also proved unequal to tho occasion. Tho chlof difficul ty was found to bo "Loaf Mosaic" a form of dlscaso which Is transmit ted through tho seed or tuber but cannot bo found by examination at any tlmo after tho vines ripen. The only remedy la to select seed from flolds which havo boon oxamlned during the growing season and found comparatively freo of tho di sease, as tho potatoes look smooth onough and may ovmi bo soloctod for seod by those who practice pick ing tho smaller sizes, MXJIO.V HMOKKU HAH A LAUGH ATTKNDANCi: Tho meeting of tho American Legion hold Monday evening, July i 22 was well attonded, thero being about 40 moniberu present. Earl Dlackaby, delegate to tho State Convention held at Eugene, July 1-2-3, gavq a 1'ery interesting roport. Tho matter of the Doihis Dill tor Orogon was taken up and discussed, Each County must havo three Ap praisers and ono Attornoy to ap praise the land that the Legion men plan to tako up, under this law, and a commlttoo was accordlpgly ap pointed for recommendation of same. Those appointed were Earl Dlackaby, Ernest Oramse, and 8. M. Houcher. The Malheur County Fair for this year was also discussed and a pub licity committee, consisting of Dwlght Pelrce, 8. M. Doucher and Jack Gordon was appointed to co operato with the Commercial Club and Fair Doard. Smokes, sandwiches and cold drinks helped to make 'the -ovonlng a pleasant one. ' ' Dr. and Mrs. 8tee-lkaimer were down from Yale Monday." v WATKIt UHKH8 HUSY PltEPAMNa STATEMENT Tho water users of tho Owyhee ditch havo been busy tho paBt wook proparlng statement of claims to bo fllod with tho stato water board which moots hero on August 2nd. As thoro aro 200 water users on this ditch with acreages varying from 2 to 500 acros, tho handling of theso claims Is no small task. MS NEW PLAN FOR HANDLING GRAZING LAND Secretary Fall To Introduce Itevolll tloiuiry Methodnnd Hecks-Authority of Congress To Mnko Bchcino Go Tclogrnm Washington llurcau Washington, July 26. 8ocrotnry of the' Interior Fall Is to lntroduco a revolutionary method of handling all tho grazing laud still left In the public domain It congroBS will glvo him tho 'authority. Sovoral millions of acres of hinds havo boon passed by as a unit for agrlculturo or tlinqor purposos and much of It can novor bo Irrigated under any posstblo circumstances. Much of tills land has no troo growth, but nt times has a fairly good grass or pasture crop. Poor lniul At Host Tha practice for tho last few years has been to socuro through congress passage of various bills adding cor talu lurgo tracts of publio land to contiguous forest rosorves. Onco In tho forosl resorves thoy can never bo taken out again except by congres sional action, and this course has led to tho Inclusion of thousands of acres of bald lauds In tho forest arons that cart novor bo roforestod and aro quite Incapable of timber growth. Tho ronton for tholr Inclu sion In tho forest areas was to so curo tho privilege of regulatod graz ing, permits for this purpose bolng Issued through tho office of tho chief forestor nnd tho secretary of agrlculturo. Inasmuch as tho control of all public lauds is placed In tho hands of tho secrotury of tho Intorlor, Secrotary Fall proposes to end tho practice of Including thousands of acres of untlmborud lauds in .forest areas and to Issue pormlts for graz ing on such lands through tho laud department. Tho bill to offoct this bus been sent to Chairman Slnnott of tho houso commlttoo on public lands, who will Introduce It today and later hold hearings before hla committee on tho doalrablllty of granting tho iutorlor department the authority desirod. Conflict May Hesult This It tho last wholesale action which can bo taken In tho disposal of public domain, as undor present laws tho details of all othor uses of public lands aro provided for. This nctlon on tho part of the secrotary of the Interior is likely to precipi tate a conflict between thu conserva tionists of the more radical type nnd those who wish to have the public domain utilized. Lund which Is unfit In Its pres ent condition tor raising any crops othor than grass or forage, and which cannot be Irrigated except at unreasonable cost, may be tbrowu litto largo grazing units and leased by tho socrutary of tho Interior for periods of ten years, local men now utliig tho lands to havo tho prefer onto. Where the annual rainfall ex ceeds ton inches tho rainfall to bo charged by the secretary for those permits Is flxe.d at 1 cent per au num per aero, and where the annual rainfall is less than ton Indies the rental shall be one-half of 1 cont per annum per acre. Tho monoy shall be paid Into the land office where the land Is located aud one half of same shall go Into the re clamation fund of tho United States and tho other half in the highway fund of tho state where the land Is located. To Hold Hearings' Congressman Slnnott expects to hold bearings on this measuro about September 1, aud expects that there will be u great deal of Interest iu the proposal to regulate grazing on all tho unappropriated public do main. In all permits to bo Issued under this grazing law the mineral and coal rights aro specifically re served and tho prospecting mining und removal of minerals Is provided for under existing laws. Mr. and Mrs. A'. Hoblnson and son wen) over toolso, Wednesday on a short business trip. REND CAPTURES ITS I Lavish Hospitality Dlsiiln)ed to VInIHiik Newspapermen nnd Their When During Three Day Stay In Luiulfcr Town Dond, tho wondor city of Contral Oregon, revorsoda tho order last wook. Usually whon a crowd comes to any town tho Baying is, "they havo captured tho city." At .tho an nual convention of tho Orogon Edi torial association held last Friday and Saturday at Dond It was not so, for tho Dend men nnd womon cap tured tholr guests, so overwhelmed woro thoy with tho hospitality show ered upon thorn by tho Dend folk. Tho Dond folk and their hospital ity woro compelling. Tboy enter talnod so easily that It was only af tor It was all ovor and they began to rocount tho things that had been dotio for thorn that tho visiting edi tors realized how truly gracious their hosts were. Of courso In Dond thero are al most unrlvalod opportunities for tho accomplished host to show his guest a good tlmo, and bollove me ' as tho boys say tho Dond folk know just how to inak tho most of tholr opportunity. During the first aftornoon of tha convention, following a buffet lunchoon ond tho business sosslon tho Dond business men paused to take tha convention men through tho Shevlln-Hlxon and the Drooks Scnnlon lumber yards and mills. Tho trip to Dond to view theso gigantic Institutions Is worth while. Th6y aro tho vory latest examplos of tho advanced way of manufactur ing lumber from tho big troos of tho Cascados. To tho folk from the sago brush tho light presented In tho big mills was a rovelatlon. On Friday ovenlng a dinner was given at the famous Pilot Butte Inn, which according to Irvln Cobb Is the finest hotol to bo found In a small town In tho United States-after a four day stay the convention guests agreed that for once Irvln was kid ding no ono. At this dlnnor tho guests had the plousuro of hearing beside tho us ual talks from association members Walter Prlchard Eaton, tho novel ist, who with Klser tho photographer was In tho Dond roglon getting ma terial for a boy's novel and scenes tor a moving picture story. Mr. Eaton doclarod that the time Is not far distant when beautiful America will bo a myth unless the people awaken to the destruction of natural beauty which is dally taking pfaco. Ho pled for a rigid regula tion of the uso of sign boards and declarod that thoro are loss of these scars on tho landscapo of Oregon than in any othor part of tha United States, To the womon of the convention ono of tho memorable occasions was tho beautifully appointed tea at the homo of Mrs. Harry Drooks, follow ed by a ride ovor Dond's residential district. Tho crowning event of the con vention however was tho outing at Elk Lake, to which the visitors were taken on Saturday afternoon by business men of Dend, More than 60 Dend buslnoss men laid off for tha day to act as hosts for the trip of 56 mllos up into tho Cas cados, behind tho Bisters and Old Droken Top, where preparations had been made for tho annual banquet of tho association. On tho way up the entlro party of nearly 200 were the guests df thu Drooks-Scanlon company at a lunchoon at ono of tholr lumber camps. Those In the party who bad memories of tha old camps of the pitta woods of Minnesota or Wiscon sin were rudely surprised. There was no .resemblance to the camps of years ago. Nowhere could one find a cleaner or better appointed place for the care and feeding of work men than that which theso big lum ber companies furnish about Dend, and tho luncheou It was complete, plenty of variety, largo In quantity and Buporlor In quality. Aftor a trip that ono who has made It can novor forget the parly reached the shore ofone of nature's gems, a Cascade mountain lake, nestled In between snowcappod peeks in a setting of great green tlmbors It was hora that the wonderful thougbttulneaa of the Dend (oik manifested itsolf. They had left nothing undone to make this unique sotting for a banquet complete Hundreds of trout were prepared tar the guests, and the dinner (Continued on Last Page) .,f,b'rt ,-ifciii'jji.5ttl ym "!?""''