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About The Ontario Argus. (Ontario, Or.) 1???-1947 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 24, 1921)
THE ONTARIO AU0U8, ONTARIO. OREGON, THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 24, 1021
WHY LOCM OIL WELLS
TAILED TO PRODUCE
Cnrcfnl Study of (leolofilcnl Htiur
turos Nrccwnr) "Lowting" of
Well Important lector
(I (Uy W. A. Unrtiott.
In previous articles I havo tried to
explain tho origin ot oil nml gaH,
Bhow how thoy havo trnvclctl
through porus rocks, ami accumu
latod in domes nnd anticlines, and
how theso nntlcllncs nro measured
out and located by measuring thu
slopo ot under-ground strata which
outcrop on tho surtaca o( thu
Although tho travols ot oil and
ras was originally founded on tha
ory and a study ot tho natural laws
of rock prossuro and gravity. It haH
been proven to ho one ot tho mi rent
and moit practlcnl studies of nntur
at phenomena. Just as tho theory or
nlr-prossuro and resistance has mado
It posslhlo to fly through tho clours;
ns tho study of electricity has mado
It posslhlo to turn our waterfalls In
to electric power; and tho surveyor's
transit has mado It posslhlo to re
claim thousands ot acres of arid
lands with abundant water supply;
so has tho study of oil geology de
veloped hundreds of producing oil
fields which would liavo nover been
discovered by chanco or accident.
In tho selection of and tho drill
ing of a successful oil or gas welt
thcro aro a number ot scientific and
practical operations which should bo
followed. First tho geology of tho
district nhould bo studied to deter
mine whothor tho surface strata na
turally covor oll-bcNrlng sands, Sec
ond, tho woll-slta should bo located
on tho top of tho anticline, whero
tho oil will bo struck at tho shallow
pst doptlt nnd In tho greatest quan
tity. Third, tho proper drilling
oqulpmont should ho unod to .go
dawn to tho proper depth and to
tlvo an nccurato "log" or test of
oach strata as tho well goes down.
Why Ionil Wells I'iiIIimI
Tho history of oil woll drilling In
Vnlo-Ontnrlo-Payolto district In tho
past fifteen years, provos that thoso
operations woro not followed, nnd It
Is theroforo easy to oxptaln why tho
oil nnd gas resources of this district
linvo not boon successfully develop
ed Walls woro put down without
geological ndvlco or structural
mnasuromont, woro put down on
soma man's farm brcauso ho had a
showing of gas, or bocauso ho had
moro monoy In tho company thnn
othors, or on somn hill so that tho
drill could bo soon from n railroad
or wagon road, pornapH to hasten
tho salo of stock.
Washhuruo'ri Uultod Htatea Geo
logical Survey mado ot this district
shows tow, if any wolls woro located
on real oil structure. And tow of
thorn wont down to tho required
dopth, oven If they had been proper
Then thoro aro rumors of certain
woIIh having been ruined by tbolr
drillers, who woro said to bo secret
iiKoutH of and under pay of tho Stan
dard Oil Company, which at that
tliuo did not want now oil Holds do
olopod so that It could bettor con
trol tho oil market. How truo those
stories aro I runnot say, hut I havo
hoard of somo ory suspicious oc-
riiranros In local oil drilling, nnd
havo soon actual evidence of either
great Ignorunco in drilling or tho
actual purposo ot ruining an oil
Why llotary Illg Full
Thoro aro sovorul varieties of
drilling rigs, tho two main differ
ences boliig botweon tho rotary rigs
and Standard or churn drills. In
using rotary tools, tho oil woll Is
filled with walor from tho surface
of tho ground down to tho bottom
of tho stcol casing, and If tho drill
Is down 2,000 feet this column of
water dovolops n wolght and pros
euro at tho bottom of tho hole of
I 880 pounds to tho squaro Inch. If
tho drill should penetrate an oil
sand nt that dopth this water pros
suro would drlvo tho oil back, un
loss tho oil prossuro was groater
than S80 pounds, In which caso It
would blow tho wator out of- tho
holu and bo a gusher woll. Tho
doopost wells iu this district woro
drilled with rotary tools and may
have passod through productive oil
sands, which would havo dovolopod
big producora If. oponod up with
churn drills. Tho churn drill uog
only a tow buckots ot wator in tho
bottom of tho holo, ana tliU Is ball
ed out sovoral times day nlong
with samples ot tho sand and shale
through which tho drill Is passing.
In explaining why test wolls in
this district havo not boon moro suc
cessful, Ilobort N. Hell, as Stnto
Mlno Inspector of tho state of Idaho,
roports. "Thoro havo boon a dozon
for soil testa inndo In this territory,
300 to 1500 feot deep, in addition
to tho doep test at Ontario, but It
Is doubtful It much regard was I
paid boforo starting thorn, to tno
ESSENTIAL PRELIMINARY GEO
LOGICAL AND STRUCTURAL
STUDY for favorablo doming, and
sovoral of tho well sites selected, In
cluding tho most Important gassors,
aro started on strata as flat ns a
"Thero aro many detnlls ot prac
tical knowlodgo necessary In the de
velopment and progress of a profit
able oil or gas well, for Instance,
it has been ropentedly experienced
In drilling wolls in tho big success
ful oil flolds of tho southwest that
whon working under u high column
water prossuro In u tu11 using ro
tary tools, big commercially Import
ant gas and olt snndB havo been
muddled Up, scaled off and passed
through without tho driller knowing
of their exlBtonco, to bo later devel
oped as big producers by moro close
ly kept well logs and careful head
work In adjacent wolls."
SQUIRREL roiso.v WILL NOT
ENDANGER LIVE STOCK
Many farmers hesitate to put out
poison for fear of killing their stock.
Many who do put out poison throw
it down tho holes and thus decrease
ttH efficiency by wasting a largo part
of tho poison. Tho propor way to
I put It out Is along tho trails and
In tho grass about tho holes. A tea
spoonful to n tahlospootifut placed
to n bait will kill one or moro snulr
rols. It takes olght to ten minutes
for tho poison to effect a siiulrrol
nftor It Is taken Into its mouth.
Theroforo, scattering tho poison so
tho squirrel Is obliged to hunt It up,
a grain at n time, doooasos tho
amount ho will pick up In a given
It takes from 30 to 40 times ns
much strychnine to kill a horso,
cow, hog or similar nnlmal as It
docs to kill n squirrel. Tho possibil
ity ot such an animal securing
enough poison to harm It Is limited.
In tho cxporlcnco ot thu Ulollglcal
Survoy thoro Is no Instance of stock
being killed by poison put out ns re
commended. Chickens, quail, grotiso and sim
ilar birds aro practically lmmuno to
tho effect ot strychnlno nnd bno
does not need to fear for them In
putting It out. Howovcr, at 20 to
25 coutB a pound It Is oxpcnslvo
chicken fcod nnd should of coiirsa
be scattered whora tho chickens can
not got at It readily.
Turkeys, ducks, geeso and other
domestic fowls aro easily poisoned
and In districts whoro turkey min
ing is Important euro should bo tak
en In distributing poison, lloxos 18
to 20 inches long nnd open at ono
end placed over tho land with poison
kept tu tho back end havo been suc
cessfully used In tho turkoy raising
Ira N. Clnbrlrlson,
515 1': O: Illdg., Portland, Oregon,
rehruory 15, 1921.
(E. II. Illotn, Pastor)
Dlblo School, 10:00 A. M.
Classes for all ngos. Como.
Morning Worship, 11:00 A. M.
Junior II. Y. I'. V., 6:30.
Senior Young People's Service,
Dlblo Study Class, (1:30.
Gospel Service, 7:30.
Prayer Sorvicc, Wednesday 7:30.
Chorm Choir Hehoarsal, Thursday
DRS. WEESE & FORTNER
9 to 12 and 2 to 6
Office over First National Dank
Telephone No 33 J Ontario, Ore
DR. A. R.ROBERTS
llctuecn Ontario Pliarum.
leslie j. aki:u
attorney am) accountant
INCOME TAX AI)VlHi:it
Offices nlMi at fittl Idaho llillldlng
I'heuei: Office KID-U; lies. 1 70-1.
DR. R. A. MOON
Acuto or Chronic Dlsoascr
Itooms ovar Pont (if. Ice
lilt. C. W. TYLER
Office In Wilson Illdg
Oftlco Hours 0 a. m. to 4 p in
Phono 117 tor Appointments.
Farm, Field and
1921 catalogue free upon request
Soo O. B. Sanford
HAVK YOUIl CAIl
MADE JUHT I.I KIJ NKW
Tho powor of your auto en
gine comes from tho cyllndor
and this Is tho Only Shop In
Maluour county that has a
CYLINDER llOIUNQ MACHINE
This permits us to do this ac
curate machlno work to a
hair, and do it quickly
Now Is tho tlmo to have your
MARHDEN'8 MACHINE SHOP
I Long Hauling a Specialty
J Wo Alwnjs Deliver the Goods
Ii. J. AKER
INCOME TAX ADVIHEIt
Will bo nblo t0 moot cllonts and
thoso Booking Incomo tax asslstnnco
only by appolntmont mado in ad
vanco, on account of prossuro of
work In othor localities, and such
appointments may bo mado by writ
ing or calling at his otflco In tho
Postofflco Hulldlng, or by telephon
ing Oftlco 1CS-II; Rosldonco 170-J.
Our New Directory
Goes to Press March 1
Have your telephone installed
in time to get your
PAID LOCAL ADS
HOIWI AND MACHINEItY.
Having a surplus of horsce and
machinery, Including span of woll
broko mares, and a 3 year-old Hold
ing; also good farm wagon, nearly
new, brass trlmod harness; McCor
mlck mowing machlno. a spring
tooth drag, nearly now; also a now
walking plow and a few odds and
ends ot farm tools, Theso w,lll be
sold at bargain, Illversldo Addition
to Ontario, or address, II. C, Secoy,
P. O. Box 311. 11-12.
Air. Farmer: Spring work will soon com
mence. Then you will be busy. A telephone does
so much for you for the small cost of 7 cents per
day. It is really a waste of time not to have one.
A maximum number of telephones extends the
service and makes it more valuable to all users.
FOK SALE Fresh caws, good
milkers. Inaulro A. F. Durr. near
Valley Vlow School Houao.
FOR SALE Good seed barley,
cheap. Two miles straight west of
Ontario. John Molenaar. ll-HP,
FOU SALE Chevrolet Touring car
In good condition Cheap for cash.
Seo J. II. Gordon
FOR SALE lots 19 and 20 block
296, City ot Ontario for 1100. Write
C. R. Hnllberg, Ranter, Oregon.
HAY FOR SALE 18.00 por ton,
two miles west of Ontario, A, D,
Malheur Home Telephone Co.
J. A. Lakness, Gen'l Mgr.
FOR SALE Half Horse Powor
Century Three Phase Motor, In good
condition. See J, H. Gordon or phone
FOR SALE OR TRADE For live
stock. Good house, two lots, deep
well, garage and other out buildings.
Ilox 641, Ontario, Oregon, tt.
GRIFFITH ELECTRIC BHOP
All kinds of Electric wiring. Tclo
plfono 228 J. tf.
Mrs. A. T. Chrlstensen, teacher of
piano, Phono 170-W. 61 tf.
FOR RENT House pnrtly fur
nbout lb miles west ot Ontario.
Mrs. E. F. Chonnult, Phono 20S-R-2.
Two cars of baled liny that must
bo turned soon. Will trndo for cat
tlo, horses, sheep or Ford. Address
I). G. Ruby, Caldwoll, Idaho. 10-12
HEMSTITCHING 12 tf cents
por yard. 10 yards or over of one
color 10c por yard. Blanche Andor
son, Phono 42-W. 0-12 p.
ANNOUNCEMENT We aro now
locatod In tho building formorly oc
cupied by tho Illuoblrd Grill. Phono
95. Ontario Electric Co. 9-tf.
FOUNIJ Pair of gold rimmed
spoctnclcs. Finder mny havo samo
by colling nt tho Argus and paying
for this ad, It.
WHITE LEGHORN baby chicks
$20 por hundred. Hatching eggs
$2.00 por sotting, $10.00 per hun
dred. Phono 20B-W A. II. Cain.
DELIVERED AT YOUR RANCH S7JII.
20 Horso Power for Pumping, Grinding Ornln, Cutting Hay Run
ning your Ensllago Cutter.
10 Horso Powor for Plowing Harrowing Discing, Etc.
Tho cheapest powor available at this tlmo. Ask for the booklet,
Tho Fordson at Work.
Tho Fordson takes tho Bamo plnco In tho tractor Hold an tho
Ford car In tho Automobllo field, Moro for tho Money always.
Always Ready With The
New Styles First
We offer tho largest stock of trim
med huts, ready for immediate wear,
featuring correctness of style and
popularly priced, in this section of
Trimmed hats priced from $5 to
$16.50 and tailored from $2.75
to $13 50
Special table of wonderful values
priced to sell for $5.00
MADGE EVANS HATS for girls and
One lot of waists marked half price
ONTARIO. - OREGON
POTATOES FOR SALE Any
quantity. Quality guaranteed satis
factory; sound, uncut, free from dis
ease, and Pt Merchantable size.
Price 11.50 per hundred. Will trade
for hogs or sheep. Try a sack. Wolfe
and Qulnby, R. F. D. Ontario, or
phone 34-R Ontario. 889-7 tt
LOST OR STOLEN Two sari
lug steers, brand left hip, (EH con
nected). Please take up and notify
J, J. Dlllard. 919-tf. I J
We Are Always Prepared
to care for the proper
needs of our customers
First National Bank
Ontario, Oregon '
"A Good Bank in a Good Country"