The Ontario Argus. (Ontario, Or.) 1???-1947, August 26, 1915, Page PAGE FIVE, Image 5

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MMMtaj NlK ilN Threatens
Destroy M.i in Business
Payette DM a serious fire lute
Sunday evening, and for a time one
Of IM main business blocks was In
danger of destruction. A barber
shop and resturnnt were destroyed
Md clothing store liadly damaged
by water. The Golden Utile store
whh on the other side of the Are and
was saved only after a hard fight by
the Payette department.
The danger was so great that an
emergency call was sent to the On
tario department, nntl six or eight
of the boys responded at about 1 A.
M. The Ontario crow was In Pay
ette twenty-two minutes after an ;
unto had been secured for the trip.
However, by the time they got there
the Payette fighters bad the tire unci- l
er control and there was hut little for
t hi'in to do.
A curious incident of the fire was
thut a hot water tank exploded ami
shot half way through a brick wall.
The hole It made In the wall was
clean cut and smooth with none of
the bricks around it broken
A yiilel Wedding.
Last Sunday a unlet and most
beautiful wedding took place at the
home of J. A. Williams, in the west
part of the. city, when Miss laiulac
Williams and William K. llrown were
united In holy matrimony In the pre
nenee of a few of the near friends
immediately after the ceremony the
bridal party, with the friends, re
paired to the dining room where u
bountiful repast was prepared foi
Hi raslon. The ceremony wan
performed by Itev. D. K. Maker of the
llapf 1st church. The happy couple
will at once take up llielr home on
the Uoulevard near Arcadia
On the Ad .iui.iv' of Free Port
Mr. f. C. Howe,
Federal Commie
loner of I in in i
gratlon, who li
one of the beat
American author
Idea on marine
commerce, In die
cussing the u la
Hon of free porta
to ii. develop
iiii-iii of sua trade
aid lu part:
"Ships will go
humli. il.i of mile
out of their wa
to avoid ports aurrounded by a tariff
wall. Tin- only way, therefore, for a
country with a tariff to compute In the
shipping world with a free trade MM
try i to establish free porta at Urate
glial point uioug It coust line. Uer
many ha done o, and lu a coin para
lively .-h.iii period haa built up a car
ryiug tr&da which before the war war
seriously Hit cttleiiiiig Bugluiid a au
ni in,., y. Huuiburg, one of the thret
i i i imii Inn porta, now runka aa tin
i 1 1 n I Knatint seaport In the world
It total foreign commerce III I'.'li be
lug only fti.OUO.OUU innler that of New
"The freo port would otter great op
port unity for financial operation, now
mull pottlhl by the receut curreuc)
u( It would stimulate liiturnutiona.
b.i ding, and would tend to ahlft thi
tiu.iiK ilal OMtdll of the world to (lib
OOUntry, And America, by the logh
of evuntt, ha h.'couie the natural OM
t. i in lint world! financing. Juat at
London became that center several
centuiies ugo, when It shifted from
tin cltlM of the Netherlands Hut Hit
financial center will only move to thlt
Country when It becomes a clearing
limine of good aa well a of money
For rtredlt the world over la created
by currently created wealth In traualt
or ehunge ao that even our financial
oxpuiiaiuu Is dependent upon the open
lug up of American porta to the clear
inn r of the wealth of the world. A
purl should nut operate to yield a re
turn i. u the Inveatmeut, but to develop
the prosperity of the country." In re
capitulating the advantage. Mr.
Howe bring out the Importance of the
free port in developing our ablpplng,
and linking u with South America,
Aia uud Africa, and then conclude:
' 'l'ln- Important gain la the di
rect gain to America. It will cheap
u . ..uiiiioditie by bringing great
quantities of good to our door for
Importation or export, aa trade need
demand. It will stimulate the growth
of i .porting houaea, which can bold
goods for an indefinite period without
the payment of tariff duea (often equal
to the coat of the article Itself) for
dlsiMsal to meet the trade demand
of the whole world. It will upbuild
mi i national credit, and ahlft to Amer
ica un increasing and ultimately a pre
dominant abare lu international ex
change. "Finally. America la the natural coun
try to be the counter of tho world Its
Beai OMt face every other continent: It
is tin ii-ateat of all reservoir of raw
material aud foodstuff, lu Iron and
steel and standardized production It la
in a puaitlou to compete with the
world liut international trade (and
thia is always overlooked) must be
reciprocal. It cannot be one-sided,
and credit and balances cannot for
any pioluuged period be paid In gold.
Ti .. can only be paid by exchange of
misv aNLav
The water glass egga hare a
sort of varnished appearance
or a gloss to them, and when
the eggs are broken the shell
(-nimblest. It doesn't make a
clean cut like n fresh, unpreserv
ed egg. It will be useless to put
eggs into water glass ami expect
to be able to sell tbeui for fresh
eggs. We havo never recommend
ed that nnd will not do so. We
merely regard the water glnss
treatment as a very desirable
thing for ' ini use, but for com
mercial eggs cold storage Is a hunt
the only thing to be considered.
Iu preserving eggs In water glass
lie sure to use only crocks or
wooden receptacles, and in plac
ing (he egg In the water glass
use a long wooden spoon. Have
the eggs clean and preferably
fertile. The water should be
thoroughly sterilised by boiling
for at least a half hour. When
ready dilute oue pound of water
glass In nine imunds of water.
Kural New Yorker.
Peeling the Seed Does Not Inoraaea
the Resultant Crop.
During my boyhood days my father
Introduced a number of new varieties
of potatoes Into the nectlon of country
In which we lived, writes n Pennaylva
nla f. -inner In tho Hural New Yorker.
Ills purchase of any new high priced
vsrlety wan always limited in a few
pounds. He wished first to teat them
out to a limited extent at least before
recommending them to his neighbors,
Hehsg anxious to test them for their
.ooklmt aril eating quslllles aa well M
for productiveness nnd slue, at planting
tlmo he always made a practice of tak
ing ieellng cuttings or sets from the
largest specimens, cutting this peeling
about ihr.-e eighth or perhaps one-half
mi Inch deep, separating tho peel ao ss
to leave oue good eye to each section.
This would leave a liugn portion of tho
IMitato for the cooking ami eating test.
As I remember It. the eeled seed
grew as readily aud vigorously and
made as good a crop its the whole or
cut seed. In productiveness, shte or
ippearulico they were In no wise any
different from Hie tuber nilsed from
i hole or cut seed I am strongly of
the opinion (hut peeled seed can lu uo
way affect the resulting crop to IU bet
terment and that the Idea that It does
U purely theoretical, (loud cloau seed
"hinted In lean ground aud properly
fertilized U Hie prime factors lu the
Crowing of smooth ;atatoea. aud If the
c .-lie conditions are present this peel
mg "f i in- seis I can In no wbtu affect or
ivercome the soil' Influence ou (be
iop or any disease that might be In
he seed at time of planting.
Qrsftlng Nut Trees.
One of the most smvessful methods
et devised for gruftlug nut trees is
'he "bark graft" method, asys the Na
tional .Sio,:, man.
lu thU MM the stock la nut split, aa
ii cleft grafting, and Hie scions are
ape red on oue side only, as allow u 111
a III the accompanying Illustration.
I'hl I then pushed down between the
Aood and bark, u howu at b,
Silage In Summer.
The dairyman who still has silage on
band for use during the summer should
oii-iiier lilnmeir fortunate. There mny
be mail) of our reader who are having
their first experience lu feeding sllsge.
These Should Isar III Ullud (lie fact
that exposed silage sK)lls very quickly
lu the warm weather. Hllcd silage
la not good for any klud of stock, and
pe.lal precaution should be taken in
haudllug slluge durlug Hie summer
time to pi. -i .in Mpolllug. Durlug (he
winter time u small a quantity aa an
null of allage may be removed dally
from the surface without having any
-.silling take place, lu the summer
(lino a much thicker layer muat be re
moved For this reason a silo special
ly designed for summer use should be
smaller lu diameter tbau a winter alio
for feeding the same number of cattle
Where allage Is left over and 1 Ittdug
fel during warm weather the ue of a
larpaiillii on the surface of the lluge
will save some spoiling. Silage can be I
iiil from one half of Hie silo at a tluie, I
The purpose of the tarpaulin I to ex
clude the air from the surface a fully
as possible.
by Aineiioau Prose iHvclalKs.
Colonel C. M. Mouee, intimate f rien
f frealdsat Wilson, '
j vBWsF
ted Speaker 1'i-gcs Parents
Teachers to t'o-oHrate in
I Mm at ion
Dr. Kmma F. Drake a lecturer for
the World's Purity Federation, and
a speaker with a national reputation,
spoke on "The Home, The School
und the Church" at the union meet-
ug at the Methodist church last Sun
day evening. Dr. Drake Is a force
ful and effective speaker and the
meeting wan well attended.
In her address site advocated a
general educational campaign to
reach parents and children regarding
matters of sex hygiene. She also
chnrged that the morals In public
schools throughout Hie country were
In many Instances very low, and urg
ed upon her henrers the necessity for
careful observance on the part of the
teuchers and parents and urged also
that the parents and teachers co-op-erate
as much as possible in the edu
cation of the children.
Dr. Drake also spoke in the morn
ing at the Methodist church, and In
the afternoon to a meeting of women
aud girls. She is spending her sum
mer vacuflon at New Plymouth with '
her son-in-law, Dr. Drysdale.
ttiulo by American free Aeaoclallun
Sir R. H. Pierce, commander of the
British fleet of warships which at
tacked the Turkish port ot Smyrna.
IssssV ail
Lw " mM tJH
ARGUS, ,., AttflttSt? L'(,
Comparative Rsturns When Sold as
Hay and Whan Qraxed by Hogs.
The Arlzonn esjierimeut station fig
ures the comparative return when al
falfa is sold as hay and when grazed
by bogs. These figures represent lo
cal prices in Arizona:
The net annual returns per acre of
alfalfa, yielding six tons, when sold
as hay were not over $10. The net re
turns fur a similar acre of alfalfa when
grnzed off by twelve hogs were $47.23.
These hogs were fed a supplemental
ration of grnln. but the value of this
was determined and deducted.
The fertilizing ingredients In a ton
of barnyard manure are worth $2.50,
calculated according to price of com
mercial fertilizers On this basis the
value of the hog manure as dropped
over the field must be ut least $3 per
ton. Figuring that 85 per cent of the
six tons of alfalfa was returned as ma
nure to the soil, there were then Ave
tons of manure, worth $:t per ton, or
$15. This lidded to $47 23 would be
$(1223. representing the net gnlu per
acre of amtlfn when grazed off by
twelve hogs, as against $10. which is
the net gain per acre when the alfalfa
Is cured mid sold as baled hay.
In this ease the net price for alfalfa
hay was only $8 per ton, and. of
course, the hog paid more than that
for it. There might easily be another
situation where the reverse of this
would be true. There are situations
in the eastern stntes where alfalfa hay
w-iii tiring $18 or more per ton. while
small droves of hogs would not pin.
In such cases It might pay better to
sell the hay and use chemicals to keep
up the fertility.
Salambo. daughter of Amllcar, rul
er of Carthage, and l'rlestess of Tan
It, Is the keeper of the Sacred Veil,
"on which human eyes must not
gaze." She fall In love with Matho,
a slave, who becomes the leader of
a baud of mercenaries, fighting for
Curtilage, against Home. Matho
steals the sacred veil and Salambo
lis ordered by the priests to reclaim
(It. The lovers meet In Matho' tent
and Salambo recovers the Sacred
Veil. Matho Is made a prisoner by
the Carthaginians through the trea
chery of Narr llavas, who Is reward
ed by Amllcar for his treachery by
the hand of his daughter, Salambo
Matho escapes from prison and
death and the Oracle of Tanlt Is
made to declare, by the Instrumen
tality of Spendius, Matho's faithful
slave, that Matho Is acceptable to
Hie (iod aud will oue duy govern
Carthage Salambo. who bus pro
tested against her marriage to Narr
llavas, whom she does not love, Is
thereupon given to Matho and the
marriage ceremony Is celebrated with
much pomp
The next issue of the Telephone Directory will
go on the press about September ICth. All
listings, changes and corrections desired
should be received prior to that time.
K W. Oardner, Manager.
Many Oiiliirlnns Fnjoylng Cool
Nights anil .Mountain
That Wallowa Lake Is proving very
popular with people from tills section
of the state this year, and that when
more widely known, will he a clo M
rival of Payette Lakes. It .itateil by
II. W. Swagler who, with Mrs
Swagler, returned last week from I
two weeks vacation at the popular
resort. The lake Itself Is a luo I
picturesque spot und lias been de
clared by ninny who lime traveb-il
tbroad, to rival any sc r in the
world. It Is four miles long ami tWO
miles across ami the bottom has nc
er been reached.
It Is an ideal camping spot, the
nights are very cool and the drinking
water is brought from mountain
springs and Is lee cold Comfortable
furnished tents and a restaurant is
lurnlshed for those who do not care
to take camping facilities with their.
Mr. nnd Mrs Swagler Joined u
camping party from l.a (Iraiule
Tom Jones and family from Vale are
spending their vacation there atnl
Mrs. V. H. Staples of Vale has Jm.l
returned from an outing there.
Mr. Tnggart went up from here
about ten days ago to Join Mrs. Tug
gart and little son who have been
there for a month Last week Mi
ami Mrs. Ashford and K I llrogan of
Vale, and Miss Hetsy Taylor from
here motored over In Mr. llrogan s
car and will spend a few weeks
boating and fishing.
(0 1(11. i.v American 1'ieee Aeanrlutlun
iVhen cabbages, cnnllllower,
turnips or similar crops are
grown repeiit'-'lly or lu stlcces
t-loii on the same piece of ground
the mots of these vegetables are
likely to become attacked by
what Is known ns elubrnot. In
our older gardens we do not
seem to hi e very much trouble
from that source. Nor Is there
much danger In soils that con
tain a good prosu-tlon of lime.
I.lme applications are therefore
often recommended ns n means
to bend off the disease. The
vegetables of this family should
be kept out of any pice of
ground where the disease has
once made Its appearance, nt
least for sevrrol years. If you
set plants entirely free from In
fection and put them In a spot
that was free from clubroot last
year you will not be likely to
have Miur plants Injured or de
stroyed by this disease.
( ;-
The Apple Tree Borer.
Among the pests with which Hip or
chard planter has to contend perhnps
he flat headed apple tree borer Is the
worst, says the Farm nnd l-'lrestde.
The female deposits Hie ei;gs at the
beginning of hot weather on the bark
of young fruit trees nenr the ground
Most of the damage Is done during the
summer months. The later broods re
main lu the trees all winter nnd emerge
the following spring. The borer com
pletes Its life round In one year. The
eggs are about lis large as the head of
a pin nnd are covered by a hard shell.
When first hatched Hie larva can hard
ly be seen with the naked eye.
Hut In spite of Its small size It begins
nt once to Injure the tree. Ilurrowlng
Into the bark. It tunnels Its way en
tirely around the snpwood of the tree,
thus girdling mid finally killing It
A giMsl met hod Is to mix the purls
green w ltd ten to twenty parts of eh up
Hour, sifted laud plaster or air slaked
lime before applying. It Is always ad
visable to iidil lime (air slakedi to neu
tralise the soluble acid coiitulneil In
purls green, and If this Is done no In
Jury will result. Uirge plant can be
much more thoroughly treated by
spray lug The purls green should be
used ill Hie rale of one pound lu 100
gallons of water to which (wo pounds
of fresh slaked lime have been added.
It can be combined with bordeaux
mixture, which Is used lo control
blight, without Hie addition of the ex
tra lime
Lead arsenate is replacing purls green
In spraying sitntnes, a lu all other
spraying with arsenical. The paste
lend arsenate should be used lit the
rate of three pounds lu llfty gallons of
water or the dry lend arseiiale nt the
rate of one nnd one half isniuds lu
llfty gallons of waler. The lead urse
ii id- Is less liable to Injure foliage,
slicks to Hie leaves much better than
p. ii I. green, and one application 1 of
ten as effectual its two or more of the
Poison should in- applied as kihiu as
the young larvae begin to hatch, ami
the number of application to be given
will depend upon the abundance of the
pest as the season advances
Often only uu occasional plant will
be Infested at Hi -i. and with u small
amount of poison 111 a compressed air
knapsack sprayer one can treat these
In u short time. Frequently tbl will
reduce Him number so that no further
treatment will lie uei-eary.
Dr. .1 It Smith of New Jersey rec
ommend spray lug potatoes as soon as
the beetle begin to feed lit order to
kill these before the eggs are laid
it II. Walilen. experiment Station.
New llsvou. Conn.
Human I .noil i II. it k I'roin Out lug.
W K Human and family have re
turned from u ten day outing ut
Puyelte Lake, Mr. Hoiuali states
(bat loinfortably furnished leiils cun
be i.nleii and that they are well
equipped with all the necussltb
Ik.ii l.iiping While tin ic lhe
visited the camp of Dr. und Mrs
I'ltyue uud report that the) ban- uu
ideal pluce.
l 'lineilliial
Capt. W. H. Q. Buiurd, U. 8. Navy
officer, placed in charge of the Ger
man wireless station at 9ayvllle, L. I.
Oh! Map Leaies Out Pacitlc Const
Ami Shows Texas as Inde
pendent Stiite.
B. (!. Italley. superintendent of the
Ontario schools, has a map of the
UattSd Stales made by I'lielps A Kll
sign lii New York city In 1841. Mr.
Italley inherited the old map from his
lather, Cidi'on Italley. who lu turn
Inherited it from his lather, William
II llniley. The mnp was purchased
soon after Its publication and bronchi
by Mr Bailey's grandfather lo Iowa
in 1849.
The map was substantially built
being made of heavy paper and past
ed on cloth. It Is a map of the
roads, steamboat routes nnd canals
ol the 1" S. It has ii number nt
curious features. The most we .t
erly states shown are Missouri, Ark
ansas and l.ouisnna and Texas Is
Is shown as an Independent stale.
Mexico, according to the map, runs
up nearly to the Canadian line, and
the I'aclilc Const Is not mentioned ut
all, nothing being shown west of the
eastern slope of the Uocky mount
ains The map Is elaborately adorned
with pictures showing famous scenes
from American history, including
Hie battles or Hunker Hill and Lex
lugtoii, the signing of the Declaration
of Independence und Washington's
fan-well to his army, nnd a very
quaint picture representing the land
ing of the Pilgrims.
It bus also the pictures of thn
presidents of thn I'. 8. up to that
time. It Is especially interesting to
note the picture of Washington. K
shows the face of a strong man and
bear hut little resemblance to the
rosy cheeked reproductions, with the
lines smoothed out, which are ordi
narily seen In school texts today.
) Church and Stat
The recent no
tion of oue of the
leading churches
of this nation, la
annual convention.
demanding that
the laymen vole
only for candidates
for o un ii whose
vlewa coincide
with those of the
clergy ou oue of
the leading politi
cal Issues und di
rect aud indirect
utTorts of other church organlxatioua
to Interfere with the freedom of the
ballot make one of the greatest peril
of this age, and present a problem that
should receive thoughtful considera
tion of both laymen and cltlxeii
Suckling babes may well squirm lu
their cradles wheu ministers In con
vention assembled release the hearts
of meu aud grab them by the throa(,
for Christianity has broken down, re
llgluu has become a farce aud the
pulpit a failure. Wheu the church
substitutes force for persuasion, com
mand for conviction and coercion for
! a -on the herlff had as well pass
the sacrammit. plaln-cloiho men take
barge of the al(ar and pollceuieu
bury (he dead, fur why a church"
it I aa dastardly a trim against
government for a miulater (o under
tuke (o deliver the vote of hi parish
ioners (o a candidate, as It la for
it ward heeler to deliver a block ot
voter to a political boas, and both
ough( (o be proaecuted, for the law
should be uo reapecter of peraous.
It la as objectionable for a conven
tion of uiIiiImIi i s to eeek by caiionlcal
law to coiil rol the votes of church
ui inhere as It would be fur a con
vention of manufacturers lo Issue or
der for then employee to vote for a
attain candidate. Such conduct Is of
fenslva to di cency, business morals
ami u crime against society. Any
convention, whethur composed of
saint or amuei, rich or poor, white
or bl.H k, thai seek to prostitute pow
er and cource i oiibi iiincu ought to be
lu oken up in the police and lis lead
ers arrested for treason.
A crime by any other name la a
crime just the same An ecclesiastical
robe .iii: i, oi Huncdfy (reasou, author
ity (o preach doe uo( carry wilh li
Hi disc to I.e. mm a political rlngster
or the light to teach us how (o pray
give pi-runt to tell us how to vote.
No man lu Joining the church should
ai nib .- hi citiseushlp, forfeit hi
Constitutional I. hemes or subordinate
his duty to stuln. The earth many
time bus been drenched with (be
blood of our forefathers, lighting
to throw off the ecclciu(ica! yoke
fioin the atulu, and (ha suggestion of
,i return to these medieval condition
with their horror and their torture
should not he tolerated for a moment
Laws should be passed prohibiting
OB) preacher, or combination of
pi. ai hers, from delivering or aUeaipt
in to deliver (heir membership or
congregation to any candidate for of
hi e and suitable legislation should be
pnoood preserving the sanctity of the
pulpit from political vumlulism It la
u much a menace to church and slate
tor a poliilclau to occupy the pulpit
u for a minister to preach a political
vTiiinu He bus uo more right to
preach hi politics from the pulpit
than a teacher has to teach his poll
lies (o hi pupils. A preacher .mum
make political trickery righteous by
usage any more thau he caii make
p .'tunny respectable by pructlce. It
ia one of tho ironic of fate (hat a
preacher may bucome a scandal aa
well aa a glory to clvllUatlou.