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About The Ontario Argus. (Ontario, Or.) 1???-1947 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 14, 1915)
THE ONTARIO ARGUS THURSDAY, JANUARY 14 1915
THE ONTARIO ARGUS
PUni.NHKI EVBKY THUK8DAT
Bntered In the postoffloe lit Ontario, Oregon, for transmission through the
mails m second -claw matter.
W. C. MARSH
The Scientific Farmer.
Scientific farming is one of the great aims of the
country. How to make one's farm produce the best re
sults is the constant study of the farmer. And so he
studies his soil and finds out for what crops it is best
adapted and then what is the best method of raising that
crop. And to many people that seems to be the end of his
But the scientific farmer, to thoroughly know his pro
fession, must be a better educated man than those in most
any other profession. He must be a business man, a
chemist and an engineer, in addition to what we generally
think of as a farmer. He must have a broader education !
than ninety per cent of the business men generally have,
and yet has been thought of as a elod hopper and one who
could not understand the intricate affairs of our country.
These old ideas are slowly falling into disrepute and
the farmer is rapidly stepping into his place in the busi
The prime requisite of a farmer is business ability.
He must know the markets from alpha to omega. When
the prices are highest, when the supply is smallest; when
the supply can be furnished cheapest; in fact he must keep
completo tab on every phase of the market question so as
to know how, when and where to market his goods in the
most profitable manner.
Then he has to order bis farm to meet those markets.
This means system, and the farmer that neglects this as
pect of the work is like a stick in a dead eddy. He must
organize his work so that it will not all come at the same
time, he must plan the cultivation of every field to meet
the demand for itn product; his buildings, fences, etc.,
must be up to date and efficient, and built for specific pur
poses, imd this does not tell half of what his system should
Another requirement of a successful farmer is that he
knows his farm, every foot of it. A study of soil chemis
try is practically a necessity. Adaptation of crops to cer
tain kinds of soil and fertilization are the problems he
must solve. The uneducated farmer blindly experiments,
but the scientific one secures a soil analysis and then
works accordingly. He conserves the fertility of his farm
by the use of fertilizers and rotation of crops so that every
field is a money maker every year.
Then he must know machinery, the best kind, how
and when to use it. Not only that, but be must have
tin-engineering ability, also, to know how to drain or ir
rigate his laud in tin- best way, to take advantage and d
"Colossus" has become a synonym for any great man. and classics! education was the aim in tlio course of study in for
Men of power and influence, the country over, are termed mer years and the work was done entirely in the school room.
"Modern Colossi," and the term doos not imply that they Every pupil, no matter what hisvocai ion in life might be, was
. ,i;u ..., 'required to take these studies. But today a rndical change has
are dishonest. I1 . . . . ... . , , u
,,,, , , :, . . akU..M so ordered it that the pupil has a considerable choice in nis
Thank goodness, there are many big men throughout ... . . , ,u k
-i . . , i ., -i i studies, excepting, of course, the essential ones, and the school
this great land--men upon whom the term "Colossus is ' . , ;, t u- its i wu u;. ,.rt ,nnra,
,,, , I , -i aims to help the pupil in his life work. Ior this reason more
well fitted. As a rule these men are not powers for Mil. aretftUght in lhe m0Hern school, more teachers required,
Their presence in a community is certainly not to be re-aiid more equipment nce,8ary. Not only that, but the work is
gretted. On the other hand, any community which can' ot a done in the 8chool room and is nol an done during the
lay claim to having a really big man in it, is to be envied. jBChool term. Farms, factories, homes, hospitals, etc., are alike-
True, when any man betrays a public trust, whether he be utilized as places of study in this great age of practical education.
influential or not.Tind whether the trust be clearly defined
or simply implied, that man becomes a menace to the
community. But no such menace exists in Malheur county,
nor in any locality of it, so far as can be discovered.
Ontario claims among her citizens a man who wields
much personal influence. A man who is naturally equip
ped to be a leader. He has given much energy to a care
ful study of Malheur county, her needs and possibilities.
He has formed a wide acquaint once among men of the Na
tion whose friendship is really worth while. And by his
personality, he has compelled a recognition of the county
which he represents. His worth to this county is not fig
ured in dollars and cents. He is not a seeker after power,
and neither is he afraid to serve his community when
called upon to do so.
Cherishing no malice at a time and under conditions
which would cause many to harbour past grudges, he has
; entered body and soul into a fight for the advancement of
this county. He is throwing his every energy into an ef
fort to secure government aid in the building of the Warm
Springs Irrigation Project. This project cannot aid On
tario directly. It will directly aid Vale. It will aid On
tario, indirectly, and just as it will aid every other section
of this count' not in the immediate vicinity of the project.
Hut it will boost Malheur county, as a whole. It will in
crease our population, as a county, and will turn some
sixty thousand arid or semi-arid acres into valuable farm
lands. It will cause the employment of hundreds of men,
and will add many hundreds of homes to the community
This is why Ontario is boosting for this project. This
is why the influential men of the city have offered to work
in harmony with men of other sections, that tho unit
might be perfected.
Wo are glad we have men who are an asset to the
county organization. Men who can greatly aid in secur
ing the coveted plum. And men who are broad-minded
enough to overlook petty jealousies and work for tho com
Right here at home this work is done by corn clubs, hog clubs,
tomato club, garden truck clubs, the county fair, etc. This is not
half the work that ought to be done. Every farm should bo
equipped with a wood working and blacksmith shop where the
boy should be encouraged to work. The girls should be given
an opportunity to develope their talents along such lines as flori
culture, greenhouse work, dairying and poultry raising. A small
plot of ground given to the boy or girl for their very own will
tend to develope the.r enthusiasm and increase their love for the
farm while they are learning to do things in a buainesadike aay.
If farm work is made interesting and educational there will be
no trouble about keeping the young folks on the farm.
The New Governor.
Opportunity is knocking at the door of the boys and girls of
this community in the offer of the Portland Union Stockyards,
which is given in this issue. This is the result of the work of
eJucators who are advising more practical courses of study in
our schools. It is a benefit to all parties concerned and a great
chance for the young people to get a practical education in hog
breeding and marketing. Not only that, but this county being
especially adapted to hog raising because of its alfalfa and corn,
affords a great opportunity to development along that line and
this offer of the Portland Union Stockyards is the key to that
opportunity. May there be u number of young people from this
community grasp the opportunity.
JURY FINDS ROY
FARNUN IS GUILTY
(Special to to ftrgos)
Roseburft Hoy Fh uum was con
victed of a statutory BM after five
hours' deliberation. T! I the th.nl
trial on tho charge. Fnrnuni nttll . a-
a murder charge to fa c, In w hli-h r
Is accused of killing it.. I burning II
body of Edna Morgan, a 16 yca'-ou
girl, noar Olemlule two weeks ago.
volopo any natural power on his farm, huch as water
power, coal, etc. He must estimate waste of power as well
as waste along all other lines.
U addition to this he must be a stockman, keeping
and breeding the stock best adapted to his farm, a horti
culturist, an agriculturist, a poultryman, a dairyman, etc.
The truth is he is never through preparing himself for his
work and every year new things develope which need
And last and most important of all he must be in love
with his work. He must have an enthusiasm for farming
and a great desire to succeed in it as he would in any
other business and his success will bo just in proportion
to bis enthusiasm. A real scientific farmer is one of the
greatest, if not the greatest, product of education and ex
perience, and farming is the oldest ami noblest profession
in the world.
More About the "Modern Colossus."
The affairs of Malheur county have reached that stage,
where, in order to insure needed developments ami future
prosperity, thorough and sincere co-operation should be
observed to the letter. Every citizen of Malheur eount,
who has the true welfare of the county at heart, should
realize the time has arrived when he should forget, at
least for the moment, any grievance, whether real or imag
ined, which he might have against his neighbor. t'er
tainly this is not a time for muckraking. This is not
time for the exposure of I 'Colossus." should any exist.
Webster defines a "Colossus" as "anything of gigantic
size or overawing greatness. In the vocabulary of the
modern newspaper world, a "Colossus'' is known as one
who has much power, either financial, mental or as a poli
tician. Webster does not say au thing about a "OolottUM"
being an object to fear, nitr a power for evil. The term
With the inauguration, this week, of Oregon's new Governor,
comes the much looked-for change in the handling of the State
affairs. The loni! heralded "safe and saue" administration ia
now an accomplished fact, (iovernor Withycombe ia one of the
atrong and substantial statesmen of Oregon, and the gubernato
rial nt't'iors are in safe handa.
At this time it. is well to carefully conaider the vaat change
that has come about in recent years in our form of government.
Our government is slowly but aurely drifting away from the dem
ocratic principle upon which it was founded, abaolute freedom
for all, with uo otlicial aristocracy imposing regulatioua upon the
people. The orlice holdera of the early daya were the servants of
the people, whose sole duty was to administer the lawa of the
bind and not to make new ones.
Today, neither you or I can enter a buaineas of the simplest
churucter without getting permits and making reports and being
inspected, regulated and controlled at every turn. Tins is eapec
ially true of any man who wishea to enter the manufacturing
buaineas or any buainess employing labor. Governor Withy
combe was elected ou a platform which declared for simplifica
tion and consolidation of the many commissions and state bu
reaus that have betu organized, many with little other purpose
than to create fat jobs for politioal henchmen and favorites.
We will admit that couditioua chaugeand that new lawa are
required to meet them, but these laws should be few aud simple
ami easy of enforcement. Practically every state in the Union
today is overridden with bureaus and commiaaiona of forty dif
ferent kind8, and how many of them are really necessary?
mighty few. Taken as a whole, what have they really brought
usY Practically nothing but unheard of high taxes and an armv
of oilice holders. They have driven capital away from our coast
states and held ua back at a time when we should be going ahead.
Former V. S. Senator Jonathan Browne, Jr., hits the nail
on the head when he says, "The desideratum of all government
should be tho protection of its citizens and only auch restraint of
Individual actiou aa is absolutely necessary to insure the desired
protection of all its citizens."
In natural resources, Oregon ranks among the highest of the
western states. Rut today these resources are practically in their
virgin state. There is room for almost unlimited capital in the
exploitation of this, Nature's owu endowment.
May our uew Governor attain the highest success in his ef
forts to bring about a change of policies and administration
which will tend toward starting the wheels of industiy, and to
ward placing this State among the iirst rank as a wealth producer.
GHAPIN GETS PARDON
FROM GOVERNOR WEST
Man Convicted of Larceny
by Bailee is Given
(Special to The Argus.) 5
Salem. W. H. Chapln, convicted of
larceny by bailee In Portland for ap
proprlatlon to his own use of 13600 be
ItniKliiK to Marlon Annie Grace, was
given a full pardon by Governor West,
who executed the Instrument upon re
celvlug a bond, signed by t'hapln'a
friends, guaranteeing that he would
HEAD OE ASYLUM
Idaho Insane Asylum at )r-
ofino Has Been Under
(Special to The Argus.)
Oroflno. An Investigation of the
North Iduho sanitarium Is being madw
by Kdwnnl ltifst-t!' an Oroflno at
I tornoy. during" the meeting of the
board of dlrectora now In session. Th
board Is composed of W. li Klnne of
I Oroflno. Mark Meana of Lewlston and
I J. Rosensteln of Genesee.
The charges In general against Dr.
J. W. Glvens. medical superintendent
of the asylum, arc neglect of duty,
failure to make an Intelligent effort
to cure patients, mismanagement of
buainess affalra of the Institution and
cruelty to patlenta through subordi
nates. Affidavits were filed aliening"
extreme cruelty to patients by the at
tendants, Instances purporting to be
specific being cited by a former em
ploye of the place.
Mrs. W. R. Shinn want to Vale Mon
day morning to spend the week with
It is interesting to note the difference of policies between the
educators of today ami those of former years. A pure elemental
Friendly Face of the Home Newspaper
Sure of a Welcome Wherever It Goes
TllK HOME NEWSPAPER is the roost interesting reading
matter one can obtain. There is nothing else like it.
NEXT TO A LETTER. THE HOME NEWSPAPER IE THE MOST
ENTERTAINING THING IN THE WORLD FOR ONE LOCATED IN
A DISTANT CITY. IT IS JUST AS INTERESTING WHILE WE ARE
AT HOME. ALTHOUGH WE ARE NOT WONT TO APPRECIATE
THIS PACT. IT IS OVERLOOKED BECAUSE IT HAS BECOME A
PART OP OUR DAILY LIFE. JUST AS MUCH SO AS THE ALLOT
TED THREE MEALS A DAY.
No one who FORMS THE HABIT of reading the HOME
NEWSPAPER will ever give it up. No one is willing to .MISS
THE PLEASURES thus derived. No one is willing to deprive
himself of the intimate knowledge of ins neighbors' successes and
failures, joys and sorrows, trials and tribulations.
There is NO OTHER MEDIUM that can take the place of
the HOME NEWSPAPER. Aside from giving the news of the
whole world, it give us something THAT CAN BE OBTAINED
NOWHERE ELSE. It gives us all the little incidents in the
daily life of oar friends and neighbors, of those people we go
through life with, arm in arm. It tells of their progress. It tells
of their social life. It tells of the weddings, parties, clubs, church
societies, etc. It tells who is visiting. It tells who is sick and
heralds their recovery.
THESE LITTLE PER80NAL ITEM3 CREATE A HOME NEWS
PAPER. THE8E LITTLE FACTS ABOUT THE PEOPLE WE EL
BOW THROUGH LIFE WITH ARE FAR MORE INTERESTING
THAN 80ME "BIG STORY" FROM A OI8TANT CITY. THIS IS
WHAT MAKES THE HOME NEWSPAPER.
Can YOU afford to be without it for ONLY A FEW CENTS
a week ?