The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891, November 02, 1889, Page 238, Image 14

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WEST SHORE.
first plant, with the advancement of methods and
means for smelting and manufacturing iron, liecainc
too antiquated to HTinit of profitable working, and
tin worb were shut down a few yearn. Thru the new
company, with abundant capital, took hold of the en
terprise, oeiicd a new mine, built a new furnace and
added the pipe works, and equipped the whole plant
in the Is-st manner jsissible. The institution in thor
oughly modern in every particular. The product in
equal to the lieht turned out anywhere, and it iH build
ing up imt only a reputation for itself, hut for the state
and the city of Portland an well. It certainly de
serves the hearty encouragement of all business men.
HOODO ROCKS.
Y AN V curioiiK rock formatioiiH are seen by trav
J I cIith on our western railroad lines and rivers,
' y and most of these have received titles suggest
ed by their appearance or surroundings. Fa
miliar among these are the " I (evil's Slide," in Weber
canyon, " Pompey' Pillar," in Yellowstone valley, the
castellated rocks of the Missouri, "Castle Rock " and
" KiMister Itoek " of the Columbia. There are, how
ever, many others whose name ami location are not so
well known, but which are very curious and striking
in their character and often form a central figure in a
landscaM' of great beauty or iniosing grandeur. Such
an one it " lloodo Itock," illustrated on the last page.
It is near iMiald. a station on the Canadian Pacilic,
in the Selkirk mountains. The profile of a human
face is very distinct, and its queer head covering, ris
ing bIhivc such a countena , is enough to earn for it
the title it Iran. The scenery of that portion of Itrit
ish Columbia is grand in the extreme, ami travelers
are enthusiastic in its praise.
(iovemor Wollley says in his annual rcN,rt that
Arizona wants more railroads ami less Mormons. So
far as railroads are concerned, Nevada has the same
nml; yet they would not I in so had a condition if
the railroad they already have were managed m,.re in
the interest of the territories through wliioh they run
Nevada has Int., " U.tded ,, ,.V(,r ;,,, (,M, ,.;intraj
Pacific built its line.
Next Tuesday, the fifth of NuvemUr, ,ul0
vote on the quel ion of tateh,4 There is little
doubl that the constitution will . rutiti.-.l bv a Urge
majority, though thcrv is m. opiiti,,,, ,t, i," um
of .vrtain pvisions it iN.ntains. There r
i think their interest Utter serve,! ,v ...j '
Idaho in an undcvdoH conditio,,, lmt , " ilv , J
iiiiml er i not large.
HABITAT OF THE BUFFALO.
51 IE great home of the buffalo was the plains, val
leys and table lands east of the Rocky moun
tains, whore the early trappers and pioneers
found them in grent droves numbering thou
sands in each band. A writer in an eastern paper re
cently asserted that buffalo never existed west of the
Rockies, but he seems to have been in error in making
so sweeping a statement. A correspondent of the Orr
ijmiini) states that in 1X77 the remains of a buffalo in
excellent state of preservation were plowed up in a
field on Ncwsoiue creek, Crook county, Oregon, and of
this Col. F. J. Parker, of the Walla Walla Slnltmnn,
says
" We have not the slightest doubt but that the
gentleman in question tells the truth, for we have our
self seen portions of skulls with buffalo horns at
tached to them plowed up on Eagle creek, near Pow
der river, in Eastern Oregon, and have handled others
that have been resurrected at various times. Further
more, in 1S7G, while mining in that section, we talked
with Ex-(!overnor dale, who resided on Eagle creek,
and was one of the very first men who set ftxit on Or
egon soil, and he stated that when he first came to
Oregon buffalo still existed, but were getting scarce,
and that the last one was killed by the father of the
prese t Xez Perco chief, Joseph, on Burnt river, in
I S IT. ( Iovemor (iale further stated that in those days
the trappers belonging to the fur companies would con
gregate at Fort lloise and get up expeditions to Fort
Hall, in the I'pper Snake river country, for a buffalo
hunt, ami the meat would be dried ana brought back
for winter use. Two years afterward, during the Pan
nack war, as we were riding on the slope of liig Camas
prairie, in Alturas county, Idaho, we picked up a well
preserved buffalo horn, and saw several others scat
tered around. There is no earthly doubt but that buf
falo existed in Eastern Oregen within the last forty
yearn, and it is a question that should be settled. We
have no doubt but that their bones are being ploughed
up in the localities we have mentioned, and in future
it is to be hoped that fair specimens will be preserved
as mementoes of the past."
The journal of Lewis and Clarke throws some light
on this subject, since it states that the Nez Perces were
accustomed to cross the mountains to the east on i
buffalo hunt annually. If buffalo were plentiful this
"ide of the mountains the Nez Perces would not have
ventured into the country of their warlike and power
ful enemies, the Crows and Maekfeet, for the purse
't hunting them. That the Hudson's Ray Co. trappers
use, Fort Hall as a base of orations in hunting Imf
talo d.K-s not prove that the actual hunting was done
west of the H.M-kii s, since Fort Hall was the farthest
'i"t of all the Pritish company's posts. That buffalo
"" existed in the Columbia basin' is proved bv the
'"'lies that have Wen found and bv tbo fact that a few
K1ltti)ltii.iw. ... t . . 1
. were seen ty such early pioneers as Jlr.'-aie,
'M that they ever roamed this region in great bands;
'luring the present century at least, haa yet to be
Iwm, rr t. indications seem to point the otherwav.