f - on Ithe WEST SHORE. 101 Clackamas, containing an area of about 1,450 square miW With the ircstcrn end lying in tU WillawolU Valley, it reaches back into the mountains to suoh an extent that the greater portion of its area is hilly and mountainous. In the foothills and the many small val leys, some of which lie far up toward the summit ridges, are many acres of land open to sottloment, while thou sands of acres near the Willamette, and in the higher land back from the river, have been cultivated for many years. Of the 1,054,000 acres in the county, 825,000 are owned by private individuals, 58,000 by the O. & 0. R. R. and 22,000 by the State. The remaining 700,000 acres are Government land, subjsot to entry undor the general land laws. Fully one-half of it is good arablo land, or an amount equal to that which is already taken. Hundreds of sections of such lands are in close proximity to schools, churches, post offices aud stores, and are within one day's drive of either Oregon City or Portland. By living on such places the settler would have an almost unlimited stock range, and his fenoing might Bltogothor be oonflmxl to the land he wished to oultivnto. The soil in the foot hills is of the richest kind, well watered and no lack of timber, and no more healthful climate exists in tho United States. Some portions of this vacant land are heavily timbered, while othors are oovored with but a light growth of trees and brush. No ojen prairie land is to bo had. Grain, hay and vegetables are the ohiof crops, and fruit trees are very productive. The fact that green grass can be had by cattle the year round rendors this region, and particularly the little well-watered valleys, especially adapted for dairying. The western end of the county is traversed by two lines of the O. R. & N. Co.'s system, affording splondid shipping facilities, to which are added the numerous boat plying on the Willamette. Those are enabled to pass the . falls at Oregon City by means of locks and a short canal constructed jointly by the State and private enterprise. The oounty seat and largest town is Oregon City, the oldest town in the Willamette Valley. It is situatod at the famous Willamette Falls, whose beauty has won ad miration from all travelers since the pioneers first beheld them, more than half a century ago. The amount of power running to waste there is sufficient to build up a large manufacturing city. In the almost unlimited quan tity of its water power, its splendid shipping facilities by rail and river, its fine location in the edge of the great valley, Oregon City offers greater advantages to manu facturing enterprises than any other place in Oregon. At present there are two flouring mills and a woolen mill in Oregon City, but no doubt this great water power will at no distant day be utilized by more extensive indus tries. When this is done Oregon City will grow rapidly. This should be taken into consideration by those looking for homes or for safe investments for their capital. Coal and limestone of a fair quality are found in the foothills. Iron ore is found in great quantities in several portions of the county, and especially along the Willam ette. At Oswego, a small town on the river, a few miles below Oregon City, are iron works employing a number of hands, and extensive rolling mills have been projoctod for erection at that plaoe. Other small towns in tho oounty are Milwaukie, Chuby, New Era, etc The assessed value of property for the year 1884 was 13,844,140. MARION OOUNTY. Lying bntweou Clackamas and Linn, and separated from Yamhill and Polk by the Willamette River, is the oounty of Marion. It has a frontago on tho river of sixty miles, but contracts quickly as it extends eastward, run ning up to the summit of the Cascades in a gradually narrowing strip. In its area it embraces soma 1,200 miles of prairies, foothills and mountains, the greater xrtion of which is valuablo for agriculturo, and the re mainder for grazing and timlxir. The western end is in the vory hoart of the Willamette Valley, and Is watered by tho great river from which the valley derives its name and by numerous tributaries of that stream. This section, some thirty-six miles long by fifteen wide, embraces somo of the finest land in the valley. Tho general surface of tho country is that of an undulating plain, with an ascending sloe to the foothills and ranging up into tho mountain pnnks of tho Cascades, in which are many val leys lying lmtwoon tho rocky ridges of mountains. While there are many detached and scattered prairies In the oounty, the principal ones are Hiilem, French and Howell prairies, exceedingly fine bodies of farming land, having a deep, rich soil. French Prairie lias, however, much marshy laud, owing to its flatness. The Waldo Hills aud the hills south of Salem were, undoubtedly, onoe 0en prairies, but have boon overspread with oak and fir. Theso rolling hills are among tho lost farming lands in Oregon. The first settlers naturally selected tho prairie land, whore the expense of preparing it for cultivation was comparatively light, but the later ones in theso timber-covered hills seem to have secured equally as good soil, though at greater exponso for clearing. The yield of wheat on both clauses of land is from twenty-five to forty bushels per acre, and this rate has been maintained in somo seasons under the most adverse circumstances; also oats, flax, barley, rye, buckwheat and vegetables produce well. FruiU flourish in the hill regions. Tliero is considerable alluvial bottom land along tho Willamette, Santiam and Pudding rivers, having a riuh, warm, sandy loam, and producing immense crops of veg. etables. It is esooially adapted to hop culture. Cutter aud cheese are made in considerable quantities, and the field for dairying is an inviting one. Good lands can lw had in the foothills, where, by slashing off and burning the light fir brush, and sowing grass seed on the burn, a rich and permanent pasturage is secured, with ample supply of hay for winter use. This can also bo done in lands too rongh for cultivation, aud the ground can then be used for grazing either cuttle or sheep. The limlnir resources of the oounty are valuable. Along the streams and lowlands are ash, alder and maple, in the hills oak and yellow fir. In the Cascade are great bodies of fir, pine and cedar. Water (Niwcr in uIhiimIiiiic is running I to wbhU) in the streams, eiMM)ihlly those in the Cascades.