The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891, April 01, 1884, Image 1

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Vol. 10.
Portland, Oregon, April, 1 884.
No. 4.'
An Ilhutrated Journal of General Information, ilvi-oteit to the rfeivhnment of
the (heat Went.
Hubaerijition price, por annum i U)
'J'o foreign countrioH, innhulinK poHte .
HinKle oopioH !!!!."!!!!!!!!!! "s
Subscription can he forwarded by retriHtered letter or pontal order lit our rik.
Foiitmastflri) and New AnonU will receive milwoription at iilwve rnUn.
Oeneral Traveling Agentn-Crniifie Sharp, Jr., and Umrne Hlmrp.
I.. SAMUEL, Fubllnher, 1S Front St., cor. WKHhliigUm, Portland, Or.
A Fnhle IIII I
Built Up Wood IIM
i nronoiotiy ot liventa 1111
('olofn or Inioyd ; (HI
Kditorinl n
r'raser Hiver Suspension Bridge.. . . (
Gorire nt Victoria Kl
(Irny Hair at Washington KM
(lrmt Northwest, No. 4 7
Henry's Ijiike lilt
How Joe Lout a Hud HopuUition.. .. 1K1
Introduction of Carpets in Europe. IIM
Mnrking Thii ks
the Northwest Iiii
Notes of
No Wonder HI
PreiwriiiK Olawware Ml
UoniHiicp of Discovery (luloh Ill
Spokane Fulls and Burroundiiiics... 117
Sunken Irish Cities ltU
To Frighten Hi rds......
iraoein nionern Aimuuiiies in
Trinidnd Excitement of lHTnl. W
Wonmu'a Work 124
oum t nurtship DM
The publisher has perfected arrangement with Mr.
Newton H. Chittenden, a journalist who has spent severnl
years in exploring the Pacific Coast aud writing up its
resources to supply The West Shoke with a sorios of
letters upon the resources of British Columbia, and
especially of Queen Charlotte's Island These letters are
to bo the result of an extended tour of exploration in that
region upon which he has just been dispatched by the
Colonitd Government, and will appear exclusively in the
columns of this magazine.
.Reports received from Walla Walla are to the effect
that the "dry lands" in Umatilla and Walla Walla
counties are boing rapidly settled uixm. Those lands
occupy a belt lying along tho south and east bank of the
Columbia, extending back from the stream a distance of
from ton to twenty miles, which has until recently loon
considered as ht only for a Bheep range, ihat the soil is
good is evident from the excellent growth of buncli grass
it sustains, but it was feared that the rainfall was inade
quate for the maturing of cereak How much of the
unpopularity of this section can be charged to the willful
misrepresentation of sheep men, who desired to preserve
the rangeB from invasion by pre-emptors and home
steaders, and how much can be charged to the ignorance
of climatio conditions, it is impossible to state. One
thing is certain, the men who have grazed large bands of
sheep upon this bunch grass plain liave been universal in
their denial of its fitness for agricultural purges. The
scanty rainfall has served to give weight to their utter
ances. Within the past few years experiments on a largo
scale have been made in various places with tho pro
ductive powers of these despised lands, aud tho result
has boen uniformly good, completely silencing the evil
prophets. Even under the unfavorable conditions of last
year, fields in that region yielded averago of twenty-five
and thirty bushols of wheat to the acre On tho oppo
site side, in Klickitat and Yakima counties, are vast I
stretches of arable land popularly supiosod to require
irrigation to render it productive. It is KsHiblo it will
also bo found ere long that this land has Imhmi slandered
as much as that on the opposite side of the stream.
Even if such is not the case, since much of it lies in a
position favorable to irrigation on an extensive scale, the
time will come whon farms will make green these long
reaches of monotonous gray.
rpilE sceuery of British Columbia, so varied and so
1 grand, supplies an exhaustless number of subjects
for tho pen and pencil. Emm time to time The West
Shone has presented engravings of familiar scenes and
objects, often where the work of man has combined with
nature to produce still more striking effects. Huch an
illustration is that of the suspension bridge across Eraser
River. This bridge was built by Hon. Joseph W, Trutch,
in 18li;i, at an expense of about $T0,0(X), and crosses tho
Eraser twelve miles uhove tho town of Yale. Tho bus.
pension cables aro supiorted on wooden towers, the
bridge being 2l!'2 feet long in the clear, and are calculated
to bear safely a load of forty tons. It is on the route of
the Yale and Cariboo wagon road, which was built by the
Colonial Government in lK(i2 at an expense of $:)(X),000,
to accommodate the tralhn and travel to the Canloo
mines. This road and the track of the Canadian Pacific
Railroad run up the left bank of the river side by Bide,
until the bridge is reached, when tho wagon road crosses
to the opKisito side and continues up the right bank.
Tho railroad remains on the loft side, and just above the
bridge runs around tho face of Alexander Bluff, where
tho road bod is cut to a depth of 131 feet Tho current
of the river at this jxiint is very swift and turbulent, and
in the spring Hoods tlifl waters rise to a great height and
rush tumultously through the narrow channel, often
coming nearly to tho lsittom of tho bridge, though this
is seventy-five feet above low water mark.
WlVi florge, which forms one of our illustrations, is a
favorito place of resort on Vancouver Island, three
miles from Victoria. It is a contraction in the channel
of an arm of the sea which projects a numW of miles
inland, and is known as "Tho Arm," It is easily reached
by a pleasant drive along tho shore or by sail and row
boat The tido enters tho gorge gently and passes
through into a large bitsin several miles in extent
When it eblm, the water rushes unctuously through
tho narrow gorge with a roar that can lie heard at
quite a distance. One featuro is quite noticeable, and
that is the figure of a lion formed by the rocks on
the right hand bank. It is a distinct and almost perfect
outline, and seems to be Nature's hand aud seal to tho
grant of that fair island to Jho British Crown.