THE WEST SHORE. July, 1879, THE U4TMT arctic KZPBDITIOH. The departure of tliu Arctic oxpl tg "'"I' Jmnnrllt from San Francisco in .luly makes timely "ni" remarks upon tlio endeavor to reach Urn m1 ly way of llchring's strait rather than llsMin'e liay, the rnute heretofore chosen. Tha nvnt haa a peculiar interest .. ruanli ut of tha Pacille ooaat, Ireceuse MaWII tho new ex Jc- I it est forth. Tho numerous current existing in the ocean have beau tha cause of the diaastcra attending I. .inn 1 1 .i ( 1 1 1. tin in aearch of thn BOfthWMt paeaag by way of llallin'" hay. 'Hum' ocean current, tha gnat rivers of the tea, move steadily ou through waters comparatively trail ijuil, airaulig over hundreds of milea uxn the broad Imeom of the ocean, not only upon the urfaoa, but alao in deep wafer, often moving ill dilfereiit tlirootious. The OMM of these ocean tnoveineiit i fnunil in the difference of temperature between tha Hilar and tropical re- ious acting directly upon the waters, tliu con guretiou of tha oniiUlictit "r a certain controlling loii n aa to directum and variation. Tha ould and heavier watara of the Kilar re gion tend iiiceaeeiitly to How into tho warm and lighter watara of tha tropica, ami when Iwlh omt tha colder watara auik and diappcr Is low tha warm watara, which return aa ur t'net currents toward the Kilar regions diverted front a parfoctly straight couistthy the steady aoUon of the earth a rotation and by coiitiuental obstructions. To illustrate tlna, place at one end u( a glaa 1 "" ' "' uitable dnneiiaiona, lillail with water, a piece ol ice, and apply heat at Uia ulher end hy ineana of a apirit lamp; II. " 11 color Ule cold watar end with carmine ami tha warm watar end with indigo. A current of .Miotic will immediately How lowarda the healed anil and hireling warm water will sink, while the blue warm water will Mow 011 toward tha cold end forming coulitiuoua currviita of 1 at mine and blue, one Mowing towarda the ice 011 Hie aurlae ol the water, the titlier Mowing tiwarda lite beat Ulna the aurlace. Th 1 mil atraant, which la the current of the N tilt Atlantic, alieclitig Arctic expeditious in that direction, artaea liom the accuinulattnu ol tb watere ol the equatorial turreiit 111 the liulf of Mexico It proceeds eaat until it cnurae U changed to the north by striking agamal the lUliama llaitka Mowing will greet rapidity along Iba ooaat ol the f mtcd Mat, gradual!) expanding 111 volume and iliiiiimahing 111 velocity aa 11 procrcila north want, it turn eaat at the latitude of New Yurk and crvasar the Atlaiito to the Amrta, hen it divide, th main branch raturiuug southward along th ooaat of Alnca, while the 11.. 1 Until biaucb loutiniie it aUnling wuntr tu Ui Itiitiah Ule and Norway. A branch of Ule oil stream tlowa from almut the latitude 11! Newfoundland ItolUl tnwatda l.i land wiung around m a acmi circle between Sptli an 1 l-aplainl, la ilivilrt into tw b) impinging agaiuat Nova vmbla. uniUug tu aUvama again 111 th Kara era w bar it la l.-at la the I'ldar current The Polar correal, appealing at Ute eastern U mi.l art of th Kara aaw. tewo etraddy and rapidly aruatad It and wiUtu the NU" parallel ul north leUUad. oflMUiaa will.tu 1 v( the north pola, forming Ua Polar channel, tbeucc auth hataewa President land and In ant land, under Ua groat tea laarnar Ut Hall land, on tb ex trotjs northern and of trnlud. ahrii. r 11 u ilivt.teil into two brwBjcaWa, th on Mowing oath along tit eaat 0041 oi tireenland. the otiaw aoola along in want ooaet of tirernland Ihn'a bav anil laia atratt. until rv alue paean; Uaa snoot aoaOtwrlr tawnt ol tlraanland it n. wa .n aaamtilv in on great carnal anul it u hast by unking heniosh Ua a-all att.au al at waar Ua laaltnd ol New laaateaaaawi Taaa outflowing Polar carrent haa bana Ua oaaa l tb Uilura of former Arcuc expeditions on tho eastern coast Tho ship i to liter foroutl back away Iroin the ilo by the force of the current, or olae locked in the ice, it ia lloatctl with it in ita southern course out into tho Atlantic, tlm main outlet of the north Polar waters. Ukiii tho Pnolflo ocean tho ((reat ctpintorial current, divided by the coasts of Asia and Aus tralia, divides, mill sends one branch south, the other llowing north bends to tho north ami northeast after luuisiiiH tliu I'hillipinc islands anil Formosa ami becomes the Japanese current (Kuro-Siva), the Asiatic gulf stream. This ble stream, with its vast hotly ol tleep blue mid warm waters, Hows swiftly along the east- rn coasts of Japan slanting across the north 'acilie to the teuiiisula of Alaska, one branch sweeping northeast tlireciiy through iicnring s strait into the rolar sea. 1 hence sweeping around along tho north coast of Amurica the Arctic islands it unites with tho eastern id southern Mowing l'olar currunt through tho great ice barrier Harrow's strait, Jones' neglected, whether made hy d ouuuju1 or in the air, for the benefit of meteorology. Every preparation has been made to provide for the comfort and aafety of the men. Electric lights will be uaod for signaling, and these with :IUU miles of wire with telephone), will enable the observers to communicate with the ship at a distance of 450 milea from her, so that sledg ing parties can report their discoveries or needs to those remaining on the ship. Amply pro visioned for three yean' voyage aa to provisions, and n.ifc for two years aa to fuel, the officers ami crew feel buoyant and oheerful, expecting nothing but success, in fact, determined to suc ceed. With six chronometers, chemicals, mi croscopes, and barometer! of a new and perfect make, and a varied and valuable library, the 33 brave men who compose her full complement, will receivo a schooling during her long Arctic sojourn, such as it does not fall to the fate of every man to receive. A strong, tight, ran. fortable shiii, battened throughout with felt and canvas, and all iron below decks carefully 11, T ,,4T nyw t'Al'TAIN HOWilATKs MAP OK THE ARCTIC REGIONS. and Smith's sound uniting with and funn ing part ol the great Polar current which linda ita way to the Atlantic, carrying upon ita I... a. mi the ice of the Polar regions. In this current the Jnixnrllr will le continu ally cavmed onward, eaat to the Atlantic ooean, aa 111. 1 ilat.lv aa sh would be carried to Uie liulf ol Mexico by the current of the Missis sippi. hi t her Imaen in the ice ur uot, she ill he carried raat to the Atlantic, or 111 th.. direction ol the North Pule, bv tho ateadv Moving current in that direction. In fact, then .' .'arr.ar Vi-,7 in .lay ,jkrr .iVr.-f ion . Th. 1 .oar current all crowd to the east on the American coast, under the inriuence ol the earth a rotation, anil baoaua the Atlantic is th ooljr . uilet, the ahallon, narrow paaaage of IWhnttg a strait preventing them Irom sinking under in warm Japan current, o that from the IVilie to the ArcUe ocean there is a 000 alaal tasWtan rarrravl, ami from th Arctic to the Atlantic a i-onatant oafaWian rarral, icaaon enough why th Jr,mrtt should succeed if Mmvaaa will .vtar attend a Polar expedition. The) asaenlitu leatur ol tb expedition will be i Use high eat order. No obavrvaUon will b covered, the fate of the crew cannot be con sidered hard. Tho route after paaaing Rehring'i strait wil' lie governed entirely by crroumstancee -notn haa been or can be determined noon. The uv tluenceol the 0.1..1. 01. current will be permitted to determine the direction, for it is expected that this current will solve the problem of the Polar region. After leaving San Kranciec the ship will proceed to Alaska and receive addi tional suppliea from her oonvoy, and then weigh anchor imme.li.folu Inw TLihpino'a strait. Suc cess to the JriinKtttr aud to her 1 BmniiT litUe girl: "The robber oan't steal my mamma' diamond earrings, 'cane PIJI, hid them.'' Visitor: "Where haa he hid them, l ittle girl: "Why, I heard him tell mamma h had put them up the spent, and he giieeeed tby would May there." ' Ion sMi. what ita noun!' "Name 1 0 person, place or thing." "Very good, Johnnie, give an example." "Hand-organ gn""er;., "And why is hand organ grinder' a noon -"I cause he'a a person plays a thing. "