The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891, May 01, 1879, Page 151, Image 23

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    May, 1879.
would not pay by any other mothoil of haud-
The Snake river drainage haa cut many can
yona through thia wash, the ertHlod matter
having been carried down and depoaited along
that stream. Thia ia doubtless the origin ( the
Hour gold found on the lower Snake, which haa
afforded remunerative mining ground for a
number of years. Thia great auriferous debris
at the head of the river lies on I ami aand-
stone rooks, The deposition waa made evi
dently prior to the upheaval of the main divide,
as it caps the summit at Uuiou Pass and ex
tends down Wind river quito a distance. Hut
it does not contain gold iu such large proHir
tions as the gravela of the l'acilic slope. I
would not advise miners to go to that country
unless they possess sullicieut capital to open
and operate hydraulic grounds. In the Teton
rnniie the crystalline gold-bearing rocks abound
and some auriferous ores were here found in lilu.
Owing to the lateness of the scasou and the in
clement weather, thorough exploration of that
district ouuld not be made, but 1 intend to re
turn to it and determine its value for mining
purposes. The Teton is one of the most wild
aud runiiod ramies on this continent. Mt. May
don and Mt. Moran are the highest elevations
there, the former being the keystone of the
ramie. This Alpine peak culminates at an alti
tude of nearly 13,000 feet, and is visildo from
nearly all parte of the National park.
of them which we shot They were feeding on This lake covers an ana of over W equera
the ubiquitous grasshopper. The snow iu these miles. Trout are found ill great ai.aiidano
In Ji altitudes is sometimes black with these 1 near its outlet, but owiuil to the Juxtaposition
ol sulieqiKHius geysers tin are uul eoiiue.
Thus caught, however, at the head ol the lake,
where tlis odd waters come rushing iu in the
shape of mountain torrents, are good, In tin
mud volcanoes we see soother wonderful freak
of nature. Down in these crater the hot mud
can ba seen thrown Iu many attain. After
insects, which gut so thoroughly chilled alter
uighliug, that they are uualile to tly away.
I in- plaintive bleat of the little coney 1 1 .on...
nrinrrus) was heard on all sides, above au
altitude ol Iti.UWl lent, anil so lar as 1 count
ascertain, this rabbit lives at a greater olevatiou
duriug the wiuter than auy other animal. It
waa louud in the all local ranges near llie minis
of vegetation. The mouutaiii lion, wolf, coyote,
lynx and a great variety of the minor carnivor
ous genera inhabit this region. The chief fur-
iKllirillg unimals indigenous nerv era ton Disc
and silver gray fox, otter and beaver. Ilaird'a
rabbit l.rim llitnli) is mot will! IU Wo liig
eulnctciit sloani haa been generated, a hum
mas ia tbruwu saveral lel m the air, aud, fall
nig bank iuto the crater, this action is repeated.
Troinllnoil among the grand views of th
I'ark an th falls of th Yellowstone, which
afford a truly magnillceut sight. The upper
lull is 140 loel built, the uiaud falls - "'
Horn, Slioahone and Snowy mouutaiua. This , (ret high, the (naming water rushing over the
The following altitudes were noted in these
several mountain ranges, with observations on
vmotation. etc.. between latitudo 42" and 4tl
north: The main elevation only is given; the
difference in the extremes between the north
and south slopes of the mouutaiua exceeding
often 1,000 feet. Inoipient evergreens, 8,000
feet above the ocean; limits of foliaoeoua trees,
11,500 feet; gramineous vegetation, 10,000 feet
(whioh is also the limit of evergreen trees);
foliaceoua shrubbery, 11,000 feet; of evergreen
shrubbery, 11,500 feet; limits of alpine tlowera
and herbaceous vegetation, 112,000 feet; per
petual froxen lakea and incipient glaciers, 1:1,000
ail neuudo-meteoric dust or red snow (jxi-
nulla M.0.1 of the Knglish writers) is visible at
an altitude of 13,000 feat; glaciera of vast ex
tent exist between 13,000 aud 14,000 feet almve
the ocean, especially in the Wiud Kiver moun
tains. Close attention was uiveii to timber line
in this country, and wherever notioed I found
trunks ol dead trees alxivo mose 01 me iivihu
nnmisUksble evidence of increasing cold,
Another notable future near timlior line on the
north slopes of th Wind Kiver range, waa that
th. tree, instead of standinii vertically, are found
Unmn tn the southeast. lieinii occasioned by
the terrible winda that blow here from the
The fauna of thia country doe not differ
mate'ially from that of other parte of th Itocky
.mi .in'. Buffalo are found in large bents
through the Big Horn mountains, tmt they are
being rapidly exterminated ny we
Klk and mountain sheep ar v.ry pleutifu
II, I, .11 th. ranife. of the Yellowstnlll- COUO
b l-.o, ..,.,. .U found near the snow in the
summer, wher the graaa U new and tender
Th. mnnntun ! ( A uorrnu mn.iim) wai
n.,t ,,l. r. ,-,1 in anv of the ranife, but ha been
reported by Indians to xit in th mouutaiua
,., ,,..,ll, Oelv tWO h. llllilK of ttX
mix mm sn. Deer ar v.ry plentiful, an
telop being generally found around the foothills
and on th plain bug hrds. also in th
National park. No gasell were firtiud here,
but in th. Black Hills befor populated I abut
ssvaral of thia specie of deer.they ling numf
ous 00 th Belt Fourth river. Bear are vry
abundant in ibia region. In th Big Btft
rang I hars seen a many as 20 in on. day.
They an of (our kind, generally known a lb
Kooky Moantein gnatly, cinnamon, black end
..I ',; Mr if It V.irniil ami iiiyse-lf
ID Mir ntwwim
iilU'reiLm. species waa seen in the dense forests
of the evergreen soue, about H.0O0 or 0,000 feet
high. The little chipmunk, as usual, waa mien
arouud oamp inaieuting our pni visions. The
little water ousel wo noticed along ail me
mountain streams, this little bird apHiaring to
have a fondn for rushing torrents, cascades
aud deep canyons, ita twittering songs mingling
harmoniously with the musical but thuudertug
falls of water. Allan s linches (l.f.iwfiriii- nut
tralu) were notioed in the Big Horn mnuutaius,
uear the limit of vegetation. The dusky grouse
I '.fen. owtiriM) is common, although uot a
numerous as Kichanlsou's grouse. A great va
riety ol aquatic fuwla is notlueable in th lake
regions of the Yellowstone and Mnak river,
the swan, elicau, gull, crane, loon, goo and
many kinda of ducks abounding hero, whore they
remain miring imiiiMtiion 111 tncaiimnier minims.
The American eagle la very numerous arouud
the Yellowstone lake, also it co-tenant the Hah
hawk. The Alpine insect fauna ol these moun
tains is similar to that found iu the ranges of
dorado; but owing to the paucity ol vegeta
tioii insect do not Inrive nere ai as great an
altitude as they do further eouth, when lichens
and tlowera are mora anuniiani. vary hw
inseot life uld tie found her atiov titnUr
line, tin the the highest iieaks no organic 1110
ol any description was visible. 1 really supMs
the pole llsell presents nanny a morw uari
aud (rigid scene of desolation than these glacial
peaks. Along the cast has ol the nig Horn
ramie, w e meet w ith a tine agricultural country,
. I.. ...J. ,.f 11 Oflfl Imm Th.
vertical falls, like a moving stream ol suuw.
The mighty torrent spauued by a rainbow,
descends, with a tliuiiderlug roar, thai can Iw
heard afar aft Below th falls Hi grand
canyon begin, oxteudiug Iheiice 20 mile down
th river. The walls staud perpendicularly
nearly 2,000 feet high. The Mammoth spring,
near the northern Imundary of the I'ark, la also
a noted place, attracting many visitor ly Me
medicinal properties ot its water, tiu npeui.
im u mouiitaiu some rara curloailie 111 the way
of aslrifaotiniia ar to lie seen, sum of thm
baing stauding treM, 111 the cavitlea of which
some hrilltaiit crystalllialmiis ar found, tin
siweimens of lianded and clouded agate, opal,
chalcedony, carneliwi and other rare sloiios can
he picked up in in on this mountain Th
National park 1 destined te liecomo the moat
famous watering resort of the world. Its min
eral watera oousist of graal divinity, ami la In
UmtMimal and ranlale. No tourist nan vr
regrat a visit to the great wonderiami ami ior a
few weeks nonsuit nature's sanitary domain and
witness her grand and uulqils sceneries.
sltltlld ( It.tKMJ leet.
climate is very lioallhful, and Iheoountry hie
with a cool and bracing almoapher. I he upier
tributanea of the Big Horn, 1 ollowston, .snake
and tireen rivers, are unlit lor agricultural pur
owinu to their altitude soil roughness
So,,,.' swte ar. howv.r, III lor grasiug ami
stock rearing.
Till NATIONAL I'll..
As most of your readers are probably some
what acquainted with the topography of this
spot, I will conlln my deserlpllon thereof to
merely a synopsis. This great wonderland lays
between the Sierra MhisJinrt and the Kocky
niountaiiis, l-twen ltituds 44' and 4.'' north,
Ita mean altitude heiug about K.llOO feel elv the
ncean It has an area of 2,."iJ0 sqnar mile,
covering for the most part a very abrupt and
Iwoken oounlry. auouwuoi
inipreasiv vtw. of mountain soeswrjr. The
minor, howsvr i vry bsaatifal, being
diversille.1 with rolling hills, dsn forests
of flbery top pines, "pen glsdee and park
l.b. eiaers. with now and then a miniature
of silverv lakes and ruihing st,ram.
Ths stnv-spher is sllnnus and raniirent
on as. rin
rang last July, saw IU bear at on sight two
Sin. e during th acts ol sensation and Intel
I, , in.n plioephorus Is consumed In llie brain
aud nervous system, there arise a neeoatlt; to
restore th irtinii eo onnsums.1, or, s th
laipulareipressioii Is, t uas brain loud. How,
as vry on knows, it la th property of nbu
ihoru te shin in th dark, and as Hah, in
certeiu stage of pulrefactivs dseay, often smlt
light or become phosphnrwsnl, it has been
thought that this Is dus te the eliuadsno of
their lUsh omtalna, ami hence
they ar smineutly suitable fur the mm,
ol tit nervous system, aud are Invaluable brain
I,,... I I inter Ihsl nle many l-rsons rewvi so
.lot of llsh, awl ieruail lhmslvs that
thay darivs wlvntege ir..o. it in an Increased
vividnses of thought - signal improvement la
th raaaiHiiag wwra. But th flesh uf h.h
oatilaias no es.ees of ihi,phurus, nor does It
shining depend no lhl slrraent I'- ayn.g
willow wood shinw vn more bnlllantl then
decaying tteh. Il my somslime l discerned
alar off at night Th shining in th Iwe ass
I du to Mi same cause lb uildatu of
erln. eoloi phosphonts, in orgsnlc ulelaaosa
umtainiiig rha mH a reptibl trail uf lb
Utur lament Yet safely au on fuaed his
sell rising t.. a pm-tn farvuf hy lastiiig decay
ing wilhiw WUO.I. Ihoegh II oghl on lh
principls te be halur brain (. than meh
targar quanlily " nab. -. J lt.
imiwrtiug te th far off pks shrp outline ami
the .,..s,a ( .I- .r"imily. The great
Mt ooilrcll of nalural cunwalia of tb world
has been plheriHl by nature herself In thia
tionsl park, lying In Montana ami Wy.ns.lag
The Yllowateoa Uka, a haadaom shset ol
water is situated in the southeast ooraar of the
park, at an .leveu.O of 7.7M feet ab.v a.a
Uvef Along it amtbera aaat wli slw.rvs
th. nemotaiua present aa Imprtaaiv at-o of
ruteed baly, Uing very lofty sad abrupt Coaarat'iTW i l7l. - The Rnti
rtnd llnitttt receally g' revsewl aal aot
raeteil atatemenl lb- railway mileage of the
United Stela addsd during lb year 117b, a
W. nava a teial of M.VA4 sails hi ike
In at lb beyantag of 1179.
1 m ym
at Use
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