loa THE WEST SHORE. April, 1879. IN EASTERN OREGON, Bakei ( ounty li situated in the south m U rn portion of the State, nod is bounded on th eturt by Idaho Terri tory, Snake rivei being the diviklon line 1 on the north hy Union county) on the weal by Grant county, and on tin- Miuth by the State of Nevada. It n ovei three hundred mile long and one bundled wide, and com arises 11.. mo iquarc miles of territory, or over ',i,ii acret of land. (1,070,000 sur- veyed) 100,000 acres of winch in im proved. The population ofthil county is alMiut 6,(xi, an increase since 1870 of near 3,000, within the county there aie fifteen diitinct mining ilihti k and towns, ami twelve ipiai I, mills with mining improvements, exclusive of ditcbet, to the value of $300000, and mining dih hei and flumes to tin- nlue of $100,000 actual cost of building, one ditch alone being over iuc miles long. In the yen 1878 there was taken out "' I ht v .111. His places and quartz mines in tins one 1 ounty about Sji s,ki worth of gold dust, liakei county is, without doubt, the ricbet! mining county In the St.iic, The prm ions metal are to he found in nearly every gulch, bar, lull and mountain throughout the entire boundariei of (he county, and lor cen tum s 10 conic tlie noise of the nick, 'hovel, hoM and mill of I he minor ulll greet the cat of the travelct as he passes 1I1 1, id .1:...: .. r .1 ' k muni is 01 uns pai t Falex. Rye valley is the richest quartz mining district iii this county, and in creases in importance and value as mine after mine is developed. What this and all the quartz mining districts of all this Eastern Oregon and Idaho needs is cheap and rapid ingress and egress, which would bring with it those who have the capital to open up and develnn the lanrest and richest fold and silver lll.nl countrv on the Piirifir slnno In. day. The yield of the placer mines of mis county 101 tnc last titteen years has been $10,000,000, and the new dis coveries in placer and quartz keeps the annual yield up to the average. Large tracts of line arable land invite the immigrant to settle mid rear for himseli a home. Why will the people crowd the large cities, living in want and penury, the serfs, virtually, of the rich, when the broad nlalna mm. I dent hills of our Eastern Oregon, the fairest of the fair, is to he had only for the taking ? this act until the person has actually and in conformity with the homestead laws occupied, resided upon and cuVti" vated the land embraced thereon at least one year. The foretroin!' manaiim ma o o ,o urn,,- duced hy Booth in the Senate, and hy Page in the House of Rcprescnta- 11 vn. 1 '"' S, ,u- '" S7S "'' was raised! -V it enacted, etc., That from and in tins uiuiilv im.i, 1, :.. r..r..., .1 ' 111 ,m" ' ' a HI ll and ovei l000 toils of hav. The prin cipal rallevi of the count) ire Powdei rivei m the n, nihi in, ordan in the eantral, and Willow creek in the cast, mi portion of the connty, Both vab leys mid hills furniih an almost in. xlmusiihle amount of nutrition!, hunch imd otlui grac for Mock in all sea sons .,) the raw, There ire now ovei Jsvuo Mod of cuttle, IJyOOO head of sheen .iixl ,(x. head of horse, all, of "' .uly nil, of g.Mnl .iialitv, owned' hy the ettUMMM mid ranging over the pa. lines f ti,r count v with hut little 'KX. pasta io the owners, Over 7,000 pound oi the verj bcati quality of wool wore snipped t.. the m.keis ,,i tM wmld Inim the sheep of this cmi I he Ulue mountains, m the Western jx.ttion m (he county, are covered vvu , large h,c of vrrV Mivciior quallt) ot p.ne. I,, arrdunuuiacktimbor, Loo Ik-i at the mills is worth pet thou, sand hot The assessable valuation of pmprrn in this countv has increased .....,. se IS;.,, vv In, , m.ll(N ,u. ptrM-nt value of propettv near -. 'Mi, Iliispiess of n kinds ,.' ;'. i icsm1, hut none mi fa.t or permanently Url muting. Probably no pnrl ,',f iii. PodnV iom has raore ondiioliiij mmm than HAcr county. Manv of iho mine air coming into neajj. among wbuh we may mention the I '.-unci creek mines, owned and nt c..it.,l h, Me.s,. s. (J. Keel and f rHE NEW HOMESTEAD LAW, We advise our friends, interested in the matter, to cut out the following and preserve it lor future reference. Il is the full text of the new homestead law is approved on the id inst. We mil.. Ilsh it for the special benefit of our rural I new. lifter the passage of this m i mmm. .... Uoni Within the limits of any grant of public lands to any railroad company, "I to any State in aid of any railroad or military road, shall he open to settlers miller the homestead laws to the ex tent of 6o acres to each settler, and mv prison who has, under existing laws, taken a homestead on any even lection within the limits of any railroad or military road land grants, and who, lw existing laws, shall have been re tricted to eighty acres, may enter un del the homestead laws an additional eighty acres adjoining the land em braced In his original entry; or, if such pels,,,, so elect, he may surrender his aatl) to the United States far cancel lalioit, and thereupon he entitled to en tei lands under the homestead laws the sans as if the surrendered entry had made. And the K-rson s Maklllg an additional entry of eight? 01 new entry, after the surrender Md cancellation of his original entry shall he pc. mined so to do without 1'iMiient ,, lees and commissions; and 'csidcnce ami cultivation of the land ' inl.i.Ked in his Original entry shall he co.is.de,,, I residamco, and cultivation for the same length of time upon ami land embraced in his additional or JW I ' v. shall bo deducted from the W ferns usidence and cultivation -.l.'.ed bj law. providctl, that in 0 OJW U ' patent issue upon the ad '"l r new homestead entry under THE NOOTSACK COUNTRY. A gentleman recently from the Nootsack river valley in Western Washington, speaks in high terms of commendation of it as a place of set tlement. This river is the most nor thern on this coast, and, until recently, has been overlooked by settlers. Tlie Nootsack empties its waters into Bellingham Hay at the Lummi reserva tion, taking its rise away from the base of Mount Baker. This country offers superior advan tages to settlers for several reasons. There is a large scope of country to choose from making it available for colonization, and, although the winters are a little colder than the average of Western Washington, wheat and corn are grown to perfection, and such clover as is seldom seen elsewhere; the Nootsack potatoes arc sought where ever known, and the old settlers can show fruit, apples especially, that can not lie beaten on the coast. There are all kinds of lands, from the fine sandy loam of the river bottoms to the pca't swamps in the interior, and hill lands of superior quality. Iklow the jam, the lowest of which is between Fern dale and Lynden, there is no overflow from the river. As we ascend the river, two miles beyond Ferndale, we come to Lynden with two stores and a post olliee. Above this, about the same dis tance, we arrive at Nootsack, or the upper crossing. This place has a store, telegraph office, postoffice, etc. There is much land from Ferndale to this place open for settlement, and all above the suburbs of the latter. In addition to government lands for sale, there is a large amount in the hands of specu lators, for sale at reasonable rates. Seatit Post. STUCK RIVER. It is a fact not gen erally known that Stuck river or creek, which connects White and Puyallup rivers, W.T., is a natural curiosity, and there is hut one similar instance in the known world, and that a small stream in South America. When White river is the higher, then the Stuck empties into the Puyallup, and when the l'uy allup is unusually high, then the Stuck Mows into White river. Thus it forms a literature between those two rivei s, connecting them as Simcsc twin. It is thought that Snohomish county Will produce fifty thousand bushels of wheat this year. "