April, 1879. THE WEST SHORE. WHAT TO DO IN CASKS OF DIPHTHERIA irram th circular o( the Usasachtisetts Statu Board o( Hesnhj In the fint place, as diphtheria is a conta gion disease, and under certain circumstances not entirely known, very highly o, it is import ant that all practical meant ihould be taken to separate the tick from the well. Ai it ii alio infectious, woolen clothe, carpet, curtain, hanging, etc., ihould be avoided in the lick room, and only uch material used a can be readily washed. All clothe, when removed from the patient, hould be at onoe plaoed iu hot water. Pocket handkerchief ihould be laid aaide, and in their tead oft piece of linen or cotton oloth ihould be nied, and at onoe burned. Diiinfectant ihould alwayi be placed in the vessel containing the expectoration, and may be uaed somewhat freely in the liok room ; thou beiug especially useful whioh deatroy bad odor without causing other (nitrate of lead, chloride of line, eto.) In schools there ihould be especial supervision, as the disease is often so mild in it early stages as not to attract com mon attentiou ; and no child should b allowed to attend aohool from an infected house, until allowed to do so by a competent physician. In tho case of yoang children, all reasonable care should be taken to prevent undue exposure to ate Mai Pure water for drinking should be used, avoid ing contaminated sources of supply ; ventila tion ihould be insisted on, and local drainage must be carefully attended to. Privie and cesspools, where they exist, (hould be fre- auently emptied and disinfected ; slop water onld not be allowed to soak into th aurfao of the ground near dwelling-house, and the cellar ihould bo kept dry and weet. In all esse of diphtheria fully as great care hould be taken in diainfeoting the sick room, after use, as in scarlet fever. After a death from diphtheria, the clothing disused should be burned, or exposed to nearly or quite a heat of boiling water. The body should be placed as early as practicable in the oottin, with disin fectants, snd the collin should lie tightly closed. Children, at least, and better adult also in most cases, should not attend a funeral from a house in whiah a death from diphtheria has oc curred. But with suitable precautions, it is not necessary that the funeral should lie private, provided the corpse be not in any way expoeed. Although it is not at present possible to re move at onoe ail sou roe of epidemic disuse, yet the frequent visitation of iuch disease, anil eepeeially ita oontinued prevalence, may be taken a sufficient evidence of insanitary sur roundings, and of source of sickness to a oar tain extent preventable. It should be distinctly understood that no amount of artificial "disinfection" can overtake the place of pure air, good water and proper drainage, which cannot be gained without prompt and efficient removal of all tilth, whether from slaughter houses, etc, public buildings, crowded tenements or private rest-dsaoaa. llamixeors Hoi'ssa. House that have been empty may become fever breeders when they come to bis reoccupied. An Knglish sanitary officer allege that ha has observed typhoid, diphtheria, or other lymotic affections to rise under them circumstance. Th cans is sup posed to be in the disuse of cisterns, pipes and drain, th proosesos of putrefaction going on in the impure air in them, the unobstructed sc ons of this air to th house, while the closure of windows and door effectually shuts out fresh sir. Parauus moving from the city to their country homes for the summer, should see that the drains and pipe an ia perfect order, that the cellar and closets are free from rubbish, and he whole house thoroughly aired before occupy -ing. Carbolic arid used freely in the cellar Is a cheap and good disinfectant How to Burn Coau A very common mia taao is mails ami miiuli luel was urn 111 uiu mau ner of replenishing coal tiree, both in fur naces and grates. They should be fed with a little coal at a time, and often. But servants, to save time and trouble, put on a great deal at onoe, the first result beiug that almost all the heat is absorbed by the newly put on coal, which doea not give out heat until it has become red-hot. Hence, for a while the room is cold, but when it becomes fairly aglow the heat ia in sufferable. The time to replenish a coal fire is as soon as the coals begin to show aahea on their surface; then put on merely enough to show a layer of black onal covering the rod. Thia will soon kindle, and aa there is uot much of it, an excess of hsat will not be given out Many also put out the tire by stirring the grate as soon aa fresh ooal is put on, thusleaving all heat in the ashes, when it should be eent to the new supply of coal. The time to stir ths tire is just when the new coal ou is prct 1 y well kindled. This method of managing a ooal lire is trouble some, but it saves fuel, gives a more uniform heat and prevents the discomfort of alternations of heat and oold, above referred to. TvMriHATi'HK or Tin Hkaii. Some investi gations hava recently bcou made by several physiologists concerning the effect of mental activity upon the temperature of the brain. Several thermometers are placed on different parts of the head and fastened there by means of straps; then ths ierson subjects himself to various intellectual processes, and ths result shows a decided increase of temierature in certain parts of ths brain. The teniierature uf the brain of a professor waa elevated several degreee while delivering a lecture. Kven the slighteet intellectual effort raises the tempi 1 a line of ths le ad above that which it reaoheo in idls 1 on versa! It is interesting to ante that ec 1 lain parte of ths brain show a greater increase of teniiKirature than other Where the torn- eratiire ot the neail la increastxi neyomi a certain tmiut. intellectual effort take pises with difficulty, or with pain. This is very apt to lie the case with persons of s very nervous temperament. It would therefore be prudent (or such to ceaae intellectual effort liefore thi temperature is reached, and devote thmaelvea lo some physical eisroise which shall equalise ths circulation and restore tho normal tempera-tun- to the aitrsmities. TairMNi or Ki.kitrh ai. s. i .. r In ths oabla news of a few days since, it waa stated that the Krench Atlantic cable waa "hrnksn llil miles from St. Pierre Miiueln, in A00 fathoms of water." Thsas few words show 00s of the many triumphs of inodorn electrical sen ni. Here is wire cord buried under three-fifths uf a mile uf the water of the ocean, and UNI milea from land and yet the people on shore can exactly locate the points at which It is broken. Strange as that seems, it is actually -lone, and has laseu time and again. The reiair. ing vessels will go out to tbs indicated point, throw over their grappling hooka, and within a few hundred yards will find the broken ends and splice them. Thu wonder la accomplished, fust, by siact knowledge of the laws uf ales tricity, which maks known what amount l currents a wire of a given dimension will carry, and ths resistance it muat overcome in going to a given distance, and, aait, by the instruments masls by ths mechanicians of our day, which will maks ths operation of both laws visible to th experienced observer, svsa if ths break in the calde I a thousand mil" away awl two miles under ths sea. - 'AiWWti Mftt. Know me the fashion pistes of any age," said Talmage, "and I will tail you the type of morals or Imssorals of that age or that year " "All right. Brother TaJ usage, says the Boston 'eat: 'Mrs suggest th age of Adam and Kvs. W's havu't the plates handy, but doubtless you rHsH that. lUarrraaK Pl'DDlKo,-Tak two pounds of round steak (cottit) cents), w pmto km of summer savory, celery salt, and one small onion chopped very lias, a sprig of partlsy, salt and white popper, cost altogether three cents. I 'lit th steak Oil Info small pieces, and place a layer of it in a fluttered dish, th aide uf which you hav lined with paste. Spnukls ovsr the steak some of thsonion, oalery.salt, etc. , add another layer of steak and seasoning until all ia used, then pour over it a little water and cover with paste. Place on the top of it a but tered paper, and ataud it in a haeia of boiling water, oover it tight, and let it boil twu hnure and a half. To make ths paste, tak one tea cup and a hall of Hour, a half tesspnouful of salt, and two teblespiKinsfuls of roast heal dripping, and wt it up with a half toacupful water; ooit nf all four ont. Total expense, .13 coats. This quantity will maks a dish iuf ficieul for five prisons, with the customary vsg tables. M 1 mm. in v 1 '11 1.1 !. The l-uidnil inns mnit gives the following directions for making this variety of cheese, which is In great repute in Kngland: Take a quart nf cream, and U not desired to be very rich, add thsrsto one pint of new milk 1 warm it in hot water till It ia about ths hsat of milk from ths cow, add a table spoonful ul rennet, let it stand till thick then break elightly with a spoon, and plaee it la th frame in whioh you hava pravioualy pat a tin canvaa cloth 1 press It lightly with a weight 1 let It stand a few hour, then put a liner cloth In the frame, and ahift the oheeae into It Sprinkle a little salt over tho cloth. It will b At for use In a day or two. To make a rich cream cheese without rennet, take any quantity of oream and put it into a wet cloth, lie it up and hang it In a cool place for svsn or eight days. Then lake it from ths cloth, snd put it late a mold in another cloth, with a weight upon it, for two or three days longer. Tarn twice a day, and it will las tit for use. To Sanaa Hams. -A writer In the 1 1 mho ml mils gives this - b-r smoking haoon: "Taks a tin pan or kettle ol corn cobs and set them on lire .. as to maks tlism smokei then turn bot tom side up uver the smoking cobs, thai barrel, or whatever vou wish to pickle or salt you' bacon In, an as to thoroughly amoks ths inside af It Burn at least two pans uf colas under It, an a to smoke it wall. Then pack ths harna, ehooldsre, or other meat that you wish to malt bneoa at In the cask, aad after preparing your ptekls heal it nearly latiliag hot, ami laiur It oa th moat and let th meat stay until It is ptekled. when It is mads into bacon, ready for as, snd wsll smoked. I emoted my I avion by thai pro cess last fall, and II waa well don. The bacon can remain in the ptrale until ussd, ami you oaa watch the pics Is, and should It Isrmsnt, scald it ovsr. Htswiii 1.1 van. Two pounds f salf'a liver carefully washed In cold water, then eat Into etrips three laehe long, uus inub thick, ami one inch wide 1 season with a taaspooalal of salt ami a saltspoonfu! ot white pepper; d n-dge lightly with Hour, fry a light browa ia butting but drippings, turn uflea to prevent bur long, put in the bottom uf a slew pan two thin slices of salt pork, the fried liver uu tep uf it. with a large 00100 steak with sis eluvs, a mall liuiM.ii uf mlisd herbs tied together, and a half a plat of good (took or grs v y stew slowly for aa hoar, tak nut th oama, herbs end pork, thicken the gravy with s tahlaapmaalal of Sour, rubbed esnoolh 1 s lahleepieMifal uf butler . let the stew stay oa Ihe an 10 mlaatea Laager Coot, 20 ess I Will serve sis per ass, with vegetables Potato Hai ID, Boll Ihe urtatoeo with the shine ua till they are Jael done, not till lasry fall to pteee. Peel off the skin while hot sad alto tnem thin, for vry qeart of sliced t state allow oa taUeepounfut ul oil or melted liter aad two of viisgar, salt and pepper to taste, a small oaten chopped very Has, aad a good sited apple chopped flae.