The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891, April 01, 1879, Page 111, Image 16

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    April, 1879.
THE WEST SHORE.
hi
FUNNY FRAGMENTS.
Wages that have not Comb Down. A
clergyman recently aroused hii sleepy audienoe
by asserting, in the most punitive manner, that,
notwithstanding the hard times, the wages of
Bin have not been out down one iota.
The village is flooded with spurious silver
coins. We asked a witty Irishman if he had
uny idea where they came from. "Yes, sir,
they come from some fellow's base-mint, and
the buyer passes them to the seller again."
"Captain, please give me a light," said a
volunteer the other day. "Certainly; but if
we were regulars such a liberty would not be
allowable." "Is that so?" said the private; but
if we were regulars, you wouldn't be oaptain,
perhaps."
Husband: "If I were to lose you I would
nover be such a fool as to marry again." Wife:
"If I were to lose you I would marry again di
rectly." Husband: "Then my death would lie
regretted by at least one person." Wife: "By
whom?" Husband: "My successor!"
Example and Precept. (Mrs. Drinkwater'e
lady friends had oome up to the vicarage to take
a cup of tea and to talk over the subject of
si iciaf reform. Mrs. D. was speaking fluently
about the drinking habits of the villagers, when
auntie directed Mrs. D.'s attention to the front
garden, where Master 0., aged nine, was turn
ing summersaults in the snow). Mrs. I)., rush
ing excitedly to the window: "Nurse girl!
what is that dear boy doing out there in the
snow without his shoes and stockings?" Nurso:
"I'lease, ma'am, he says he wants to catch a
proper cold and oough ; then he'll lie like auntie,
and have a jolly 'ot glass of whisky before ho
goes to bed, ma'am. Fun.
The Hon. Samuel Houston, when a Senator
from Texas, onoe in a speech in the Senate, re
lated an anecdote of a Washington justice who,
having hoard the plaintiffs statement of a case
referred to him for adjustment, prooeeded at
oace to give judgment. "Stop, squire," said
the defendant, "you have not heard my sido
yet. Hear me More you deoide!" "That is
net necessary," said the austere judge; "in fact
I find it positively improper to do so. You see
1 have been in this fix Wore," he went on,
"and I don't like it. When I hear one side I
am certain how I ought to decide; but when I
hear both sides I am puxzled," and he decided
Accordingly for the plaintiff.
Artificial Marble Produced by Steam
Meat and Pressure. A prooeas has been in
vented by Miss Hosmer, the sculptress, for
making artificial marble which differs from pre
vious processes in the fact that limestone in the
solid state is employed as the base instead of a
mixture of plaster and cement. The limestone
is worked by any suitable means to the desired
form, and is then placed in a boiler furnished
with a safety-valve and manometer, so that the
pressure therein may I noted anil controlled
as may be required. The boiler is filled with
En re water at tbe ordinary temperature, care
ting taken that there is no mineral deposit in
troduced with the water, and that the water
cum pletely covers the objeoU placed within the
boiler. The boiler is then hermetically sealed,
and lire applied, and the water allowed to boil
until the manometer indicates 7ft pounds of at
mospheric pressors if the objects are small, and
90 or 100 pounds of pressure if the objects are
large. When tbe beat reaches tbe above
mentioned point tbe water is allowed to 000I
until the pressure indicated by the maooinnUr
returns to sro. Tbe water it then taken out
of the boiler either by means of a pump or
a syphon, and tbe object art removed from
the boiler preparatory to being pieced in the
alum or colored bath, various nape bsmjt
given (or different colors.
FRESH AND STALE BRRAD.
The oelebrated Frenoh chemist, M. Roussin
gault, has recently investigated tbe nature of
the change which bread undergoes when it
becomes stale. Up to the present time this hss
not been well understood.
A circular loaf, 12 inches in diameter and six
inches thick, was taken from an oven heated to
240 Keaumer, and a thermometer immediately
forced three inches into it. The thermometer
indicated 78" 11. (207.5 P.) The loaf was then
taken to a room at a temperature of Iff It. (till
F. ), and was found to weigh seven and a half
pounds. In 12 hours the temperature of the
loaf sank to 10" It. (73 P.), in 24 hours to Ift
(' fX and in3(i hours to 14" (U.1.o' P.). In
the first 48 hours it lost only two ounces in
weight After six days the loaf was again put
iu the oven, ami when tho thermometer indicat
ed that its temperature had risen to ftft'K. (IBb"
P.), it was out, and was found to be as fresh,
and to possess the same qualities, as if it had
been taken out of the oven for the llrat time;
but it had now lost 12 ounces in weight. Ex-'
perimonts were also made on slices of the loaf
with similar results, proving hat new bread
differs from old, not by containing. a larger pro
portion of water, but by a peculiar molecular
condition. This oommencoa and continue, to
change during oooling, but by again heating the
bread to a certain temperature it is restored to
its original state. It is this mechanical state
which makes new bread less digestible than
old. The former is so soft, elastic, and glut
inous in all its iarta that ordinary mastication
fails to reduce it to a sulllcieutly divided condi
tion. It forms itself into hard balls, wbich are
almost unaffected by tho gastric juioe. These
halls often remaiu in the stomach, and, like
foreign bodioa, irritate and diacommndu it,
induciug all aorta of unpleasant feelings.
Somkthinci Curious about Explosive.
A remarkable aooident happened not long ago
to M. Zode at the Normal sohonl in Paris. He
was studying the proierties of a comMisition
fumed of equal parts of gun-cotton anil nitrate
of ammonia. This was inflamed in a hrons
tube of six millimeters internal diameter, and
expanded without detonation. Thirty esperi
ments hsd been made, and M. win then re.
duood the sixe of the tube to five millimeters.
When ho tried the experiment anew under these
conditions a frightful explosion occurred. Ths
tube was shattered into fid nieces, some of which
psssed through the roof of the laboratory and
penetrated about four centimeters into a brick
wall. The operator hail one of his legs broken.
This aooident is engaging the attention of the
French Commission ifee l'oudree et Malpetras.
M SainW-Claire Deville, in the Aoadsmy,
pointed out that the fact belonged to a category
including already several others, and he recalled
an observation by Prof. Abel. About 0 2 grains
of chloride of nitrogen is plaosd in a watch-glass,
and exploded with a piece of phosphorus; ths
noise is tremendous, but the explosion has little
or no shattering effect. Now repeat the same
experiment, after bavins; breathed on the .id.,
nils so as to deposit a thin envelop of moisture,
which cannot lie more than a thousandth of a
milbmster thick. In this esse lb aipliauoii is
less noisy, but tbe effects are quite different.
Not only is the glass pulverised, but the Ubl.
supporting it is ierforaUd. Wo Jourmil of
Vkmidrjf.
To Mass Inov Take a Beiiimt Pousm ui
Steeu -Puiveriss sad dissolve tb following
article, in 00 quart of hot weUr: Bin vitriol,
one ounce; born, one ounce; pruasuta a pot
ash, on ounce 1 channel, on oonos; salt, on
half-pint; then add on gallon bowed oil Mis
wsll bring your iron or stsl to th proper hl
sad cool 10 tb eolation, it is said tb menu
factum of theJadson governor paid IMS) for
Ibis recipe, tb object being to cat. hardest iron
so that it would taks a farigbt polish Ilk tL
TOTButH AMERICA mi.OittM.
The following tribute to American explorers
is from the pen of Prof. T. C. Archer, Director
of the Museum of Scieuoe and Art, Kdlnhurg,
and Centennial Commissioner from litest Brit,
ain:
There is nothing in the history of ths human
race more remarkable thau the rapidity with
which the wilds of Western America have been
explored and added to the domains of civilised
man. Mldle-aged men can remember th first
great rush to the California!! gold diggings, and
th export from this country of irou houses for
the shelter of the miners where now a splendid
and populous city exists, and Is ths resort of
travelers from all iarta of the world 1 whilst 111
a marvelously small space of time the great
State of which that city ia the capital, has b.
oome one of the most fertile and wealthy in ths
great Itennhlio, and ia now connected with the
eastern snores uf the continent by 1,000 miles
of railway. The spirit of sntcrprise, no doubt,
has had much to do with this wonderful pro
gress; but the fsrsightod and blieral spirit of
the United HteUie Government has mails the
task oomiarativly easy. The careful hut en
ergetic surveys, Ixtth gmigrsphical and gnologt.
est, which have beau working for years past,
have mail th beat routes known, and, ia fact,
have opened up the heart of the country , and
made the must distant and the moat dsaart
iarts aooeesible. FortunaUly for th (lovem
inent and the country, men of the greatest fit
neas for th task wen selected, anil ths great
extent of the work they hav done proves their
industry, as well as ths nature of It shows their
great abilities. TheAtlsaof Colnradoand portions
of adjacent territory, Is on of th must mas
terly works In chartography which any country
has 1 .1 ... bleed , and its onmpaflt arraogsmsat will
make it a welcome addition to every library.
It consists of 20 double (olio sheet, of which
two srn Idled with cleverly outlined anraintii
views of the country surveyed, and two others
give the sections of ths same geologically col
led Twelve are devoted to tn sis divisions
into which Colorado is dtvidsd, on; half of
them giving the tMigraphlol and th othar
half the geological features of the country. Thar
is, in addition, s map showing th triangulallon
of the country, snothsrshowingthenaturaldralii
age, an economic map indicating th agrieul
t hi al, iwsluin and forest lands, and th locality
of coal-bearing and metalliferous strata. rf
t be iiution of these ma it la impossible to
spank too highly. Thsy havs bn pmduosd by
the talented and Indsfsligsld chief of th sur
veys, I'rol V V. Ilayden, and ar a part of a
series of ths rexirts slid transactions uf the
Survey Department, sum of which w hop to
draw attention to from Urns to tun, as tby
can generally b consulted la public It bf arts,
to which thsCnlUl Stales I lovernmant stand,
it liberality.
In in Mann M !"" Tb soeallsd
magic mirrors, with whleh the Japan metal
workers hv hitherto succeeded In puaallag oar
mmoi, havs hii generally sppud to ow
Lhsir strange prniorty of reflecting image that
war quit Inviallil n their brilliantly pol
i.l,. d surfaces, to oorresi.mding toeqnalllia la
the density of th surfnn, produced by Mm
menus during cooling ar by stamping Profs
son Ayrton and Patty, who havs 111 y studied
ttwlr peeallaritiea, offer another planli
Thy affirm that th effect above a itiasrl ar
produced by rssaoa of vary slight Irregularities
(a eurvatnr at the polished eurf. th b
regularities Wing such that Ihe thicker parte,
corresponding with the raised pattern oa tb
hack, are nailer than lb remaining eoaves aur
(no, by which ddfcrene there would b leas
dispersion of light from tb thick than from
th thin portion of lb eurfaea. An, ant w
are (really mistaken, we rsamnlm to bar
asm such mirror wttli apparently perfectly
pUa surface, lh above siplanatloa wo Id Bp
psar to b las satisfactory tana tb titter on.