The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891, February 01, 1879, Page 56, Image 24

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    56
THE WEST SHORE.
February, 1679.
NKW INVKSTIONS.
Vft pttVIUh di ' 1 .-. .. 01 Uiu iuiiuwiiig huh
mv.ntiniia, obtained through llewey k Co.'s
Mining nml BdnNJit I'rrw Patent Agency, Hn
I tan. mo
RoTAII I 'im 1 m Km. ink llr. I.. li. Law
leme, M. 11, lit . lln, I til. llated January
"ith. Tina la a novo! apparatus, which the
lafntM 'alls a mtaiy vacuum engine, anil it
anuitll 11I ann ular arrangement MOpill lulu
a Inch art provided with valvm at mut cud.
These lul.11 am an constructed aa tobum..
ohMgM bat lif of vwardwiai the rendu-
turn nl tin- aptiaiatiit, winch n inuuntvil on a
hnrin.liUl shall Tim lower ml nf the rim
I m im .1 of these tuU'a, iIijm Into a tank of Incr-
I ury, water or auy suitable liqoid, ami the con
tinuous revolution nl tint rim bungs lb section
"I the tulmlar in n inference successively below
the liquid. Tlic valvm at the opisnite endl nl
tha section mil la- automatically timed, ami the
atmospheric preoure iijkiii the sluacd cuds nf
t Im- In I--, will I. CM tlirui OOnttttBOWlj liencath
Ui aurlace uf lbs liquid, The heated air may
U supplied ron a unlalde heater, an arranged
Ui till each MM'll.ui "I KM l"h - mi.- ewively juat
previous Ui ita IwowloB In I In liquid, or il
may be provided hy a gas p i, whnli i alt i
naloly 1, ml. . I ami ihul nil or, il tabid, the
luhoa may In Idled with steam nr nlher vapor
Ui lie condensed. Suilahlu mechaniiiu 11 con
nect! witli the ail.-, hy which tin- various
nlvta are i.Knni ur t heil, nr the tuln-a lap.
with healed air nr aKr.
I'iimsinmi Scut tan Wai.kiMi It iss. A.
MM ami li. Hwir, Luirmnrn, Alameda
'I. I'tled, J Salary Mil), T, j.
wnlniu relatra In an lauWVtd WOOdtal tnnth
ouibinnd xilk V Md single walking revolving
rake; ami the improvements nOOllfl in M at
teching an ordluh .ingle walking rwmlelng
take I., a aulk) thai its nnnMoa may ho enn-
ImIW b) the driver bom I at vit&OOt any
.in-L in,,. ,.i,h I,hI Ui walk U IhuiI 1,, attend
tha haudlea legul.lmg the detaining block
'"' itmls It"' I- Hi ..I ll. rk.-. It alan
ennaiaU 111 I. g the lonii. ctinn. lietwcon the
ulky and walking rake ... that the, mav he
epar.lrd. ami the walking rake latd ,' ( ,,,
Iniai) maim. 1 Im rouh ami In IK land. The
n111nlM.11. air uii,, ,i, ,n.trui tmn ami nper
limi and the wh.l,. .lone lining and .raj Ileal.
II admll. I the liae nl Wooden tcolving teeth
while al the aw,, i,mr , mj , w ,,(
the tlru.i may ml. The uaual Inrm nl teeth
III M .ulky rakca are curved metallic unea
UfbW dm in Dm n ,,r
'" ' 1 ' ""s ''and Ink,, mil, w leu
loelh atw u.u.lly prelcrte.l, I. ,linr ,
I lie dli.el I... t, walk In thia deli... the II.,-.
lul fealule. ,. l,U, ,akra at ,,,,,,1, wtr
Ibe .-.mlnnal mat U hrk. ii ,1 ,l..,
the walking rake u... aa Mtk Bl hilly , ...i,
liruei.u mt PgaMCM M i M.
kma, i.o.ii.mII, SMi.nna ( ,. i .1
Jaowajy IWlh Thia invention relate, u, , '.
rnraawwi , Uiat rlaaa lunuwtw in which
.w m MM by .lt..,..,g in Imm m.e t ,
nth., ..I . dii-hragw. which are ,,1
h,.M..nUllv m a verncal lumaee. and Ihr u
T.VMalil o.wa.,.1. ,. w,,jv , , ,,
nelbi.l nl ,...i,, l,g ...,,ag,. fc,
thai Uwy will re.,.t ft. .nWu M Uie heat and
wolttv. way under the hd When the du
I hlwgm. ate mU tile ).r , u
waoolM U.U Jilt, nl (urnat-na, they l n,
.land Ui. nwnUnol ertirU nl the heal and tic
w.it ci lb. it., ami Uwy fcwvo uv , , n
tar. we evenloally fall llmwigh, and render
MM ifuniaxxN waehaaa. In .wvler U. reiwe.1, t).
awd pnwluc. di.htwgm. win. I, will und the
IwtwMire. Uie inv.aUw (area, them nl nut ,,
C!' U U readily u.ln.duoe.1 nr re
lawewd, ad Utea aerinwia are anib.1 ami m,
17 "LlU, V" " rKluUng nht hrv.jtin.
twtew lb. .(laJina(ui. and aoalMnm. iU eeaUr
u thai w bee iMvaUwl they will nlX ,l .
Jcy k. Hwk and Uwd ad Um l..
Wakmnii to LooOHOTm Enuinkers. Drs.
niarlea M freaunn and Robert H Ungrjiw, of
thia city, aaya the riiiladolihia Lrilijn; well
knnwu an cxivrU in chciuiatry and dynamic.,
wuru ppointod hy the Heading Railroad Com
auy tn iinjuiru iuto and repurt uimn the causes
of the NMot exilniiiiiu uf the hoiler of the ex
prom looomotitn "lcm," at Mnlmmy t'ity, by
which live livea were ..-t. Their reuurt, which
ia deaigncd tu cover the whole ecupe of a molt
I r..i . J. ....i.i:
i.i.i. minWVII i i.'v I . i. in in. jnuuu,
h.it thoy have arrived at the following specific
Oraolnilon, which wo give in their own lan
guage : " Wo are, therefore, of the opinion
that the explosion uf the hoiler of tho locomo
tive "Hem, " was produced liy tho projection of
(out Upon the heated crown liars of the furnace,
caused hy suddenly and widely opening the
saluty valve at a tiuiu when tho water had heon
peimlttod to get so low as to overheat tho crown
of the furnace." This is an important matter
that should lie carefully noted hy locomotivo
mid nther engineers.
Mow to Wash Silks.--Uy the silk smooth
on a clean Isiard, ruh soup upon it, and brush it
with a rather hard brush. The amount of
bnuhlng rtqnialU will depend on the quantity
"f grease umn the silk. When it has been suf
liotentljf bratbod with the lotp to eleamo it
Iron grease and dirt, it should M well brushed
Isith sides with clean cold water. A little alum
infused in the last water with which the silk is
brushed will prevent tho colors from spreading.
Should there he anj pat, hen of grease upon the
silk, they ihouM bo rtmOtod M previously de
scribed, nr by theapjilication of a little camphine
and alcohol, r'nldiug or wringing silk when
wot must lie scrupulously avoided, aa creases
made in silk when wet will never disappear ;
and, in like manner, ftoi mrfl must not lai used
(or waelung silks, as it will in most instances
remove the colors. Camtfl HotUtkoU Quldt.
iiiukii Root htm.Maoh of th wood used
M making the .o culled 'hriur root" pipes is
derived, il appears, from t'orsica The white
heath, nr trip It (..f which "brier" is a corrup-
i ITOWI in gnat luxuriance and very
ahuudaiitly among the trees and shrubs which
tnrui what is called the "inar,uis" covering the
ninunUin sides. In the course of tho last few
Years, since brier u I i. ....... l..... l l
, - . , , i-r -1 .' iM-cniiie mien
large article of trade, the heath tree, have
"' "onree id lucrative industry. The
root, are dug p and cut into rough forms of
MMOOO I" - by circular aaws worked by the
mMf powtr of the ntOMMiu streams. Tho
1 ' 1 p. re aoni m sack. t.. Kranco
M4 th,,,, ,. , A,,.ri,.ai Ul K, ve,lttlalI
lactunil mto "brier nsit piioa."
Tin: Vrraun OI WK.r.-TheKl,of the
heat peas , vitality which resist, interne
cold. A umple ,,( the wheat left by the I'o.
' ...IHTI.in SI-,, north latitude, and
r.l t.. u-niH-rature varying from that of
(!?',. "'w"lMt ' Ir. Sehain
mrg . nfihe lUitanic llanli-us and tlovernment
P auutinns, South Au.iralia. and out of m
rloethinh.witheir.UloSa
r Vthr&Tr'LV
SfS rBt,"n, n"n m mm m
I',:: ''""'"'-n'ncng.di.iiu,,, to commit
GLUTEN AND STARCH IN WHEAT.
For the pnrpoae of human food the moit val.
uable constituents of a grain of wheat are starch
and gluten. Starch forms on the average about
G0 of the kernel; it is one of the commonest
and important articles of food. Gluten is even
more nutritious than starch, its composition be.
ing more nearly that of animal substances, hot
it is found in the whoat kernel in much less
quantity than the starch; in Ohio wheats it may
amount to 10 or possibly 15, while in drier
climates the proportion is greater. In addition
to the value of gluten as food, it has proper
ties which make it especially valuable in com
bination with starch for making bread, It
forms, with water, a most tenacious paste, and
when fermentation or chemical action is set up
in dough, thia paste forms a thin pellicle about
tho bubbles oi carbonic acid gas as they art
produced and retains them. This retention of
the gas causes the dough to expand or rise, to
that when baked in this condition the bread
comos from the oven thoroughly vesicular or
light. A flour exclusively of starch or contain
ing insuflicient gluten, will not retain the gas,
and, consequently, does not rise; the more
gluten there is in the floor, the more perfectly
tho dough made of it rises and the lighter and
hotter the bread. Flour from soft wheats,
which contain abundance of starch, but are de
ficient in the gluten, command but a low price
for bakers' uso in Eastern cities, while flour
from liiuty wheat, which is more glntenout and
strong enough to raise itself not only, but pos
sibly a mixture of cheaper flour and a good
quantity of water, is in good demand, and at
higher pricos. Hta Uh Almanac.
Sol lU KH ANII CONHTITUBNTS OF CoU-LIVIR
Oil.- Tho lish from which tho oil now found in
commerce is obtained is said by the Brituk
I'ltannacoinriii to be Qatlus morrhua, Lin. In
the U. S. Phamaeopaia it is said with stricter
accuracy to bo derived from that flih, "tad
othor species of (iadus. " The following are the
species of lish from which the oil is obtained:
1 he codfish, the pollook, the ooal-fiah, the bur
bot, the ling and the dorse. The chemical sub
stances wbichcod-liverodcontains aremargano,
stearic, and cetylic acids, all of which are white
soiuis; oloio acid and volatile acids, whioh are
liquids; glycerine and biliarv matters, aid
gaduiue. These are shown in the relative pro
portions in which thev are contained in the oik
and form a verv instructive aeries. Betidet
these ImhUos cod-liver oil contains minute
quantities of iodine, bromine, and phosphorus.
To each of these its medicinal properties hart
lieeu referred, but the minute quantities coo
tamed in tho oil, the difference of opinion amoiJ
authorities, and the fact that other animal oils
are found to produco similar effects, seem to
prove sullicicotly that cod-liver oil is useful
chiefly as an easily digested fat.
w,U' ""l raty in the cotr.
T.. .. T i . m w . . I i
i im lish s iaiu i nave never ooen sdi. w
kucss what a lamb's tail was made for-unleti
to wag when nursing; that is the only way I
ever saw it utilized. It should be cut off at
the first joint from the bate for reasons well
known to Hock-mas ten. Coal-tar put on the
stump will stick the wool together and keep
the air and flies away, so that it will heal rap
idly, and there will not be any trouble with
me skiu should be pushed op towosw
the body and the tail severed with one blow, bt
a chisel or a sharp axe the butt of the lab
- "S u uiuca or plana, it is ail w rong
catch a lamb by the tail and cut it off with a
Itnifn mm tkl. ....II- .L l ' I - mmW.
" pun. ine skin to mat wnm
ered a stump of naked bone will ttick out
which mutt rot away before healing, .
Cmitm, in rriir.
HoMS-Maos Stovk Polish The simplest
stove polish is a mixture of black ink and whits
eggs. It U said to make the very best kisd
of a polith.