The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891, July 01, 1878, SUPPLEMENT, Image 15

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eir I
In a recent temperance sermon, the Rev.
E. C. Ray, of Elizabeth, New Jersey, made the
the following allusion: What is the relation of
intoxicants to piety! It us take a hasty
fiance at the Bible. Noah discovers the intox
icating principle of wine, is himself disgraced,
and curses his son. Job's children carouse so
that he daily deems it necessary to offer sacra
rices and pray for them, "lest they have cursed
the name of the Lord." They aro all slain
during one of these feastings. Lot, through
wine, is led to commit horrible crimes. Jacob,
intending to steal his brother's birthright, gives
his father wine, possibly to blunt his senses.
In the desert some drunken priests offer unholy
fire; they are consumed, and a strict law en
acted forbidding priests to drink wino or strong
drink while mmistering. Samson's mother is
forbidden to drink; so is Samson: the reason,
he was to be filled with the spirit and be the
servant of the Lord. Nabal, the fool, endangers
his property, his life and the lives of his family,
by his folly in his cups: ho awakes from the
drunken stupor only to dio from its effects.
David, with 400 men, slays the drunken host
of the Amekalites. Amnon is slain by Absa-
of Israel, has but three verses in t.h ttil.t I
they picture him a drunkard, and slain in a
drunken fit by his servants. Iten-Hadiul and
his allied host are routed while drinking them
selves drunk. Hut, wont of all, the I oi J tells
us that the fall of the kingdoms of Israel ami
Judah was doe largely to thuir drunkenness.
King, iriesU, prophets, ami people staggered
through wine and strong drink. What a pic
ture ! Cod own choftcu, favored jnople
destroyed ! And it was ffcrough idolatry and
Btrong drink.
IsFi-i KXri or Climate on tUd.-Attention
hat been cUd to a curious instance of climatic
influence race. In 181.., several hundred
Wurt. : -. families emigrated to Trana
Caucaaia, and took ut their abode in the neigh
borhood o Tiflia. Tney were remarkable for a
broad, Stuart' built, fair or red hair and blue
eves. Hi next generation changed somewhat,
and brown Ksir and black eyes were seen. In
the third ueratiou the type of the original
colonists wk- liardly reoognizable. Black eyes
and ran we the rule, the round faoc length
ened, the form gained alenderne and eleganoa.
Inarmnch a- they never inter-married with
another race, it is contended that climate alone
DWftt have efi -ted the change.
A Don wm a Loso Memory. Ynuatt aays
fat Newfouu- and flogs are often remarkable
for t ln-3 r 1";.. memory, and, as an instance,
mentions that ne recognized him after a lapse
of five yean an t left his new master to follow
him. Mr. Jestv also furnishes another instance
which occurred t a village in Cumberland. A
man in paatiig -'ruck a sleeping Newfoundland
a blow with h whip. The animal pursued
him for some ...stance, and, although be was
unable to get his revenge, he did not forget the
indignity, for, It! months after, he recognised
bis assailant of tht previous year and aavagely
attacked him.
sir Mi they picture him a drunkard, and Blnin iu. a
Mt drnnkm, (It h Kin D TT.J-J ... .
The large cattle ranges of California, which
are never separated by fences as in older coun
tries, made necessary the adoption of Mm6
method by which the cattle of different owners
could lie recognued. in consequence of the herds
becoming frequently mixed. The custom of
branding was brought from the mother country
by the early Mexican settlers, and is still con
tinned Jo effect this object, nim aro peri
odically held in certain localitiea, at which time
the cattle belonging t different parties are
branded with their respective marks and then
turned loose. This custom is stiU in vogue in
the southern counties of California, but in many
places has been discontinued, as fewer cattle
are kept, the laud is fencedin and the country
more settled up.
Without going into detail the method is as
follows : The day for holding the rnfro is ap
pointed by some of the prominent stock owners
o a certain range of country. The large bands
of cattle of perhaps fifty owners, which have
been roaming during the year in the rango are
to lie brought to a certain level spot at a con
venieut point for the hoi ,,.,. ill ib. -
and ranchmen convene at the appointed place I
to share tne work and ajwrt, lor sport it is to
most of them and work for all. If there arc
"corrals" on the ground, so much the better,
if not, horsemen are detailed to keep the differ-
out herds separated. Barak lire aro built
where the brands are heated, and the work
Iwgin. The calves art; recognized (as to own
erslup), by the brands fa tbfl cows they follow,
so the same brand is seared into theo- skin by
tlic men who have ohugt of that iart of the
The herders separate Luto lands, gem-rally of
three, and one of them rides into the herd, sin
gles out a yearling and drives bin into theopcu
BuiL These men do not show the slightest
hesitation about riding into the ruddle of the
herd after they have singled ofi an animal.
When the ni'urro drivea him But, another
nuuero throws his riata over hit horns and
tries to slacken up his speed : meanime another
riata is thrown over his hind leg aftd down be
come. When necessary the thirl man dis
mounts, and the bull, by the aid tf a sliarp
knife, ouickly liecomes a steer. If oaly to lc
hrandc., he is thrown as near the fire u possi
ble and the brand is applied. The riata is dis
engaged from the horns by one of the tten, and
by a tjuick motion and practiced turft of th
wrist the man who holds the auimal by the
hind leg, throws his riata loose and tht beast
is free.
An m.i Scieuce. The Paris Agricultural
ami Entomological Society has applied for the
grant of a piece of land in Mont Souris, for the
establishment of a model apiary, and for the
cultivation and eihibition of all kinds of plants
most suitable for purpose of bee-keeping. The
Municipality of Paris, to which body the ground
in ijueatioo belongs, have acceded to this pti
tioo on the sole condition that the whole stab
lishment shall be often gretoiUsBaly to the topil
of all municipal schools of the capital at certain
time and under proper supetrriaioo.
THE WEST Slinni?
There has been a great deal written upon this
subject; a great deal too much pet-hap. There
is always a certain amount of cant afloat among
the people. Dean Swift used to wage bitter
warfare against it In those days it used to
dress in priestly garments and assume a saintly
air, now it goes about with a learned look and
prate of this and that, as if it carried the cos
mos under its hat and was not made of dust and
aahes. But it is the same hollow pretender to
day that it was then. It is the same false
prophet whether it stand behind the pulpit or
reads a sounding pajvr More some hwrned so
iety. In these times we all know how common this
scientific cant is, mid we all know bow to tell
it True science i a worker. True scieuce
thinks nitherthan talks. In most places there
is more talking than thinking; there is more
buncombe than Bcience. Again, true science is
modest, not loud and routing, it works in the
silence, often in the dark; and, in short, science
io ii m rhiiii . nun m sen-scekim?
ilus soihl-moutiied ranting ol empty heads
haa done much to throw discredit upon science
in the eyes of practical men. But let us re
mcinlwr the distinction we have made, and let
us make the application until WO have separated
the wheat from the chaff.
We have said that science was truth-seeking.
That is the kemal ol the whole matter. Scieuce
in its broadest, widest aspirations seeks to take
in the rays of light that stream iu upon it from
the remotest itar in the universe to the nearest,
minutest atom of earth dust, and to bring it all
to a focus upon its camera. It seeks to repro
duce in miniature the great universe about us, so
that Mora its vision it can see accurately pho
tographed each fact ami factor in the great
whole we call nature. This is science. It is
not a mere aggregation of facts. That would bfl
a chaos; but it is nit arrangement of facts
gained with infinite lalor from tin ' Dp of the
Andes to the Iwttom of the deec8t ocean, gath
ered by men young and energetic, and by men
old and worn with yeara. It is an arrangement
of fact so made that they show their natural
relationship to each other, the forces at work
among tliem, and the law that knows no break
ing. ThiB is what science is, Itis ourheritage
from all tho past. It is our Btore-bouso for all
the future.
Now has industry no interest in this store of
knowledge wrested by tho work of the
bent minds that have ever come into
existence? Utm ecu. What would industry
lie were it to lK-eonm pet rifled It would In China is to-day. If then progress and
improvement are necessary, whence ou it DOOM
but from a wider, a deejH-r knowledge of the
facta and forces akoiit us. Where call one get
that but from science? Here it is arranged,
classified, labeled by the baud of some great
This is not very iow, but it is very true, and
we are all liable to forgot it iu the hustle of the
workshopand thcfirld. The practieal man ban
got to look on scientific knowledge as all very well,
hut he does O0UM just how it Wars on his
work, lie may agree about all this in a gen
eral sort of way , Iwt ho doe not find the help
from science that he ought. What is the re
ault! Aakany one, who ha been to tint Pat
ent Office at Washington, and hear what he
has to say on tho endless host ol men who have
wasted years on the perpetual motion phantom.
Stop to think for a moment of the mwttd
brains and bullion tint has U-en put mioii this
one mistaken effort. Think again of the addi
tions that might have been made to our indus
trial resources, if science hail directed this en
ergy and capital. Science tlu-u is valuable to
industry, lirtd, because jt avoids tiptlMsttojl ol
euergy iu the rong dirctiili.
In the second place, stieine helps in suggest
ing new fields for inventive and industrial genius.
Scieuce, pure science reineinlmr, is only the
orderly arrangement of facts. It is not the
nppheation of tliem that is the Held of the in
venter and the. practical man. Hut let us bou
what has come to industry from the pure sci
ences. We do not need to search forillustra
tmns, but rather to omit, there are so many at
hand. In the lirot plaoflook at the work of
Michael Karaday, a H.r book binder's appren
tice, who devoted bis life to the study of pure
science without any idea liut the love of truth.
And i. !!. I the result of his in manifold
applications of his discoveries in the laws ..f
electricity that teem on uvery hand. If is name
like Franklin's is a name to conjure with.
Again see how chemistry haa made of coal Ur
dye stuffs lliat rival the rainl tow's hues. Hut
examples are needless. Ut as lern the lesson.
IM "s send our inventors, our miners, our me
chanics, our farmers, our children to learn not
of loud-mouthed talkers, but of science what is
and what is not a jiowiible or a uselul combina
tion of force and matter Miuin; and SekntUc
KroMoUMiv at Paihh. ThcKocieteCeutrale
d'Agn culture t d'lnstjcudogie haa erected in the
Champ de Mars an appropriate building, iu
which an extensive and exhaustive exhibition
of all Uiat relate to the breeding of useful and
the destruction of injurious insects will be held
dunug the orescnt Year. TIub building in
which will uu reproduced ou modi larger
scale the collection actually existing iu the
Luxembourg gardens, is to Inq, alter the Inter
national exhibition, transferred to the Plato du
Montaouris, in the center of an area of '.'.WW
BUiwrticial meters, which will lie exclusively de
voted to exhibitions, and public lector on
agriculture and insectology. 1 u Marniotun,
President of the Nociete Centrale, aj J M
I in.' t. the general secretary, have to that eud,
opened negotation with the Pari M unk-ijial
in,, il. who, however, hesitate to grant the
us of the site in oueatiou, in case tiie neigh
hohood of the lie would incon veuiance
pasMri-by. Thia, however, is likely to b S
viasd, the scheme baa all prospects of be
ing uiccecafnlly cajriml out.
ItU estimated that the collieries of Piotoa
coonfcv, Nova .Scotia, would prodao l,UX,000
too of coal per annuia
tons Hkkap. -Colonel rMwin Uonry of
(.reenvi le, leuu., remarkwl: 1 ftm werf w.
Muainted with the subject of corn bread. I
bvo ui I .untr- where com bread ami pork are
among the nru.c.l staples for food. A very
, ' v noum ot greuml te
make com meal tit for cooking pWM I have
a null on im- o .,.i ...i ..... ' .
fthQ for my neighbors, The meal should I
ground c-tan-e, like that you use in the North
or fMd. I consider our com makes Mter
oread than the corn raistM at the North; it
contains more saccharine. Com bread is
T .7 j(ciicraun Hi tlieliread
hL i,i",7" ,f tW ,llt'"1 r,,,,,"l K
. wi " citarse, i no steam
Iiasses an.nnd and through it and makes a tine
an iclc. t om meal can ba ma.le into numlr of
"V 1 auo i noH' our repre
sentatives at the Pans fapritiotj uill see that
they have a resUuront in which this article is
served in all manner of wavs, so that the pco
pie visiting the reposition uiav have an optn.r
tunity of testing the various prettarotious made
from our Indian corn."
Hi .r- Mtvov Srt on one rtiart of rich
"T V u'" ""oeesoi line winte sugar and
a few drops of extract of vanilla or any other
' " "H, 11 M' Sim iroin.
...... Kwn,,, oof ounce oi isinglass or ccLilmo
in one pint of cold water for a half hour, let it
simmer ou cmWra until perfectly dissolved,
7. V ?" " preieni me gela
tine from sticking t.. the Utttem of the stewpan
..... .,,.uK, ,.,, luaewarm. pour tlie cream
slowly in. U-ating it all t he time until stiff enough
. " ,i- ni pus it in mollis pre-
VIOIlslv t 11. o. , Ml ....i.i I
(iiuiiAM His,itT. Three cupfuU (i rah am
oui, mm cupiiu winie Hour, OM teasMN)ilflil
Btula, two of cream of tartar ; rub the nda and
cream of tartar into the Hour, and sift altogether
wtw wwj are wui ; lheu ail. I one salt spoonful
of salt; next Wo toaapoOnhlU of lard, luhlied
into the prepare.l flour .piickly and lightly;
lastly, three cupful milk, containing on
taUaipOOItftll of white sugar. Work the dough
The .lough should have a rouh surface, ami tht
biscuit bo flaky. Roll out lightly, cut iutoeakM
about half an inch thick, and bake in a iptick
Wathr-kisinh H'ikai'. Takoaouart riiAm
ami ft apoon, toaltj Imbd, till the pitcher half
full of boiling walcr, cool to the temperature of
I I,,, I ,(,. ii... mtlm ;.. Il .. l ... ...
D , v umi i nat
ter, a hour pancakes, add a miartcr UID00tl
fol ,.i kiIi ,..,.l i i.. 2 i i
... . wnn, fini ng )M-ea-
noilftUyi it will rise in five or six bonis. Somo
M , !, r thia lo ) ,r Imtvmmtfm . ,
Udt Fish km.- Blxtffga. twocupsof sugar,
half a cup of butler, hall a cup milk, two
nt 1 -1 wmhuji mjwumi i iiho a snect ol lint-
tered pftptr. drop on luitler about (lie lenuth
Hlol .if MMB 11 1X1 SN.I.(
...... ... f iwni nun HSS "Ciiny
baked, remove from the p.iHr, am) juiu tho
nDOOU sides together with a very liUle goKl
jelly, or the white of an i-gg.
Light Ptronixo, put two tbiHH)mifuiB of
sage. Uploeftof rice in a pie dish, pour over a
i "' moo mm aim a nan
teblfttpoonfuu of sugar, a little gratetl nutmeu.
if 1.L. .I. 1..L.. I . l : J
M-.i.o ui a mon oven ; u rice
is used, bake three boiira.
Til KltV Al-I'IKI LHU Toil; I'lliin.
the chops with Iftll and pepjn r and a lilt lo pow
ilered s.igo or swe. t luaijoraui; dtp them into
bcatrii Offn ftd tlien IsUobofttSJft In, .id crumlM;
fryalmilt'JOmiliutei, or mild they are domt;
put 1 1 i oa ft bo diftbi pour oil a put of tho
gravy into ftnotbfr pan lo mikl ;'vv to serve
mm int-m, u u i-iioosd ; Hon fry apples,
which you have aUoad about of an
inch tluck, cutting them around the nppl so
that the core ialft the eenler of fwk pice.
Win II the y are brow iud 0Q ftftoh lidl nod partly
( kcd. torn Ibm Qftrtfully with a paucak
turner, and let them flnUh cooking.
il n Oft 1101 Chop tine a luediiim-sinsl
heiul of cabliage am) Mftftejj ith butler. njir
and salt; ld water enough to cook mild very
tender; then when almost dry add a cup of
thick sweet cream and siiiiiurr a few i it is
lunger. For those who prefer cabbage with
VitMftjar, ft good WftV U (0 BN half cream and
half rilMgftr, or for tlmsu who do nut have
cream, use milk and thicken with a little Hour.
Howk Aim Fum Arru Pre st.. appluB
and run tliem through a line sieve; ndd one
bftftl apple, ag and sugar togut)t,o;, sweeten to
taste, flavor with le B makti crust as for ft
tart; bate, ami when the put ja cold -L the
white of one e'g with su-ar ftft f of fioiTing;
cover the pie ami put in Um bj to brown,
frosting slightly; eat cold. We slalm our rep it will tn kle the palalo of all wh
eat it.
OVftTftBJ) Pre Om o.urt of milk, four eggs,
sweet, ii toyoortatt. Barorwil! b- n or what-
evtr is UkftO bftft, line the pin plate with crust
and pour lint milium in, grating a Ii til nut
meg on the top, ami bake.
KtUJM fWJbUv li A writer for the limit
Wurl'l says: Year ago we laid out the mio
pretty cleanly by the following contrivance;
Take blocks alstut the sirs of ohrick of some
wood that can lie easily Imrcd; liore with an
inch auger about six invliea into the middl of
one and Take l orn meal one ijuart, and mil
in it four ounces of araemc; till the holes in the
block to within an iuch of the muile, ram
ming It down pretty tight. tba in the
field where mica do cougregtto, with the oprii
end lowBt to keep wet out, and my word for
it, there will some get shot without hearing auy
noie. These silent gun should he looked at ftf
freuently; nd when empty It reloaded, and
whenever you hav to reload you can rt as
sured that there are dead mio aliout I would
recommend strvchuin were it not m Ipensivt,
.ni' I then it kills aoouickly that thy wonbl b
fouud sUcking iu the bole, and prevent tb
others from getting a ahar.