The west shore. (Portland, Or.) 1875-1891, March 01, 1878, Page 99, Image 3

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    March.
THE WEST SHORE.
99
ern entrance of the Straits of Fuca to
the 54th parallel; penetrating into all
the passages that appeared to run east
ward, in the still lingering search for
one that should connect with Hudson's
Bay, or any navigable waters connect
ing with the Atlantic. Not finding
what he sought, he again sailed down
the coast as far as San Diego, and
thence, in December, to the Sandwich
Islands, where he wintered. While
here, Lieut. Puget took possession of
the Island of Owyhee (Hawaii) for His
Untannic Majesty.
In the summer of 1794, Vancouver
once more visited the northwest coast,
and surveyed it, as thoroughly as he
had the other portions, from Queen
Charlotte's Island to Alaska; adding
to the geography of the world some
very interesting facts, furnishing the
navigators of his own and other nations
with valuable charts of these western
coasts, and contributing important ma
terial to the world's store of knowledge.
After completing these surveys, Van
couver returned for the last time to
Nootka; hut not before he had "taken
possession" of the western coasts of
this continent, from his NtW Georgia
to the 59th degree of latitude. These
several "takings possession" included
the whole Pacific Coast, with the
islands adjacent, from below Cape
Mendocino to Mount Fairweather, in
the Russian Possessions, Considering
the circumstances under which he came
to the coast, not as an explorer only,
but as a commissioner, to receive a cer
tain small parcel of land said to Jjelong
to a British subject, it cannot be denied
that it would have been a more gracious
policy to have waited the final decision
of the right of Great Britain to even a
small portion of these Spanish territo
ries, before appropriating twenty de
grees of latitude!
At Nootka, Vancouver found Briga
dier Alava in command, Quadra having
died a few months before at San Bias.
No instructions awaiting him, as he
expected, at Nootka, he sailed away to
Monterey, where he learned that a
fresh commission had been issued by
the court of London, which relieved
him from any further connection with
the business, and soon after returned to
England
As before mentioned, the exact man
ner in which the dispute concerning
the Nootka territory was settled, was
never made public. When Broughton,
after having visited the courts of Lon
don and Madrid, hastened back
Nootka. in the summer of 1706, he
found the place deserted, and the only
information he could gather of the
cause of the abandonment, was a letter
left in charge of Maquinna, stating that
the port of Nootka had been delivered
up to Lieut Pierce, of the Marine
"agrceablv to the mode ot restitution
settled between the two courts," the
vear previous. What the mode of res
titution was. never appeared. Great
Britain and Spain had formed an alii
ance, and had probably agreed mutu
allv to abandon the place in a secret
and quiet manner, each being willing
,0 lev. ,0 th. firtu and .he course of
events, the settlement of the question
of ownership.
Thus finally ended the Nootkan war,
with its long tram of consequences.
The war into which Spain wus forced
immediately after by the encroach
ments of Great Britain upon the coasts
of Chili and Peru, put an end to the
Nootkan treaty, and the ancient rights
of Spain to exclusive sovereignty over
the west coasts of America, once more
reverted to that power; nor were these
rights again disputed until the ccdure
by Spain to the United States of her
possessions north of California. The
decline of Spanish power finally al-
lowed much of the territory once
claimed by Spain, to come into the
possession of Great Britain; nnd the
quarrel for the following fifty years,
was between Great Britain and the
United States.
EASTERN OREGON AND WASHING
TON TERRITORY.
Dr. Blalock, of Walla Walla, who
has received numerous letters from his
acquaintances cast, making enquiries
auoiu mil section 01 countrv, writes a
letter for the Walla Walla Watchman,
answering these letters generally. The
icscription given applies to all of east
ern Oregon, eastern Washington nnd
northern Idaho territories, ami is a very
faithful and correct account of the
country. Y 0 reproduce it for the bene
fit of any who may wish to send a copy
of it to friends in the east who intend
immigrating to this portion of the
United States:
The climate is healthful and, on the
whole, desirable; the summers are not
very long; usually we have a few hot
days, not many, the nights are invari
bly cool and pleasant. The winters
are milder and shorter than in the cust,
a warm wind, termed the " chinook "
wind gives us this result, the winters
being governed thus by the wind, are
variable, occasionally giving us a
winter when the plow can be run
almost the vear around, other winters
top it from four to eight weeks. Rain
falls principally in the spring and fall,
there is seldom much, if any during
harvest. A farmer has the largest part
of the year to plow and seed in, so that
by the use of gang plows and improved
gram seeders one man can put in a very
large area. At this writing, December
4th, farmers arc still plowing and sow
ing.
The best land is the bottom land
ilong the streams and foot-hill land ly
ng along the Blue Mountains for a
distance of from ico to 200 miles, ex-
tending some distance below Umatilla
to the Spokane; there is perhaps no
better wheat land in the world than
this foot-hill land. The width of this
line strip of first-class land varies verv
much, say from :o to so miles; of
course all of it cannot be cultivated
this is simply a general description
The further from the mountains after
.. AM1m .lit...,,.,. tUn nrtn.-.,.. k.
until, finally, it is worth but little ex
cent for cattle, horses and sheep range
for which it is better adapted than the
foot-hill countrv because the snow fall
is less, so that stock can get at the
grass. There is a large amount of line
Wheatland outside ot the belt referred
to, and even the poorest soil, which is
of a light formation, yields heavv crops
when irrigated. The country s well
watered and has good water.
The great bulk of vacant Mfricul
lural laud, however, lies northeast of
here, along the mountains in Columbia,
Whitman and Stevens counties and is
being settled very fast, but as there
is such a large amount yet to be settled
it will be some years before it is all
taken. The general opinion is that the
upper countrv, as it is allied here, will
in a few years contain the bulk of the
population. The mountains arc cov
ered with fine timber, principally pine,
tamarack, fir and spruce. Sawmills,
located in the mountains, furnish lum
ber at from $io to $12 per thousand at
the mill. Most of the wood and rails
come from the mountains, still there is
a good deal cut along the streams, prin
cipally cottonwood. Wheat is the
staple and yields on the best land from
,-y , ,,igh
acre and in a few cases higher, the
average is about thirty-five bushels;
on light soil the yield ts less, average
perhaps one year with another, twenty
bushels. Other small grain does
equally as well, of course barley and
oats yield more per acre. Corn is not
raised much, produces well, bnt not so
well at in the Western States, on ac
count of the coolness of the nights.
Fruits of all kinds do remarkably
well, so do vegetables, with the ex
ception of sweet potatoes, which are
raised but are not first class. I think
this country is about the surest of any
to yield a bountiful crop when once
seeded. There never was known a
failure of the grain crops, the same can
be said as to fruit and vegetables. We
have no worms in apples, curculi to
ruin the plum crop, no insect to injure
grain. Fruit trees bear younger than
in the east, As this is such a fine fruit
country and the dfmand for trees is in
creasing so fast, it looks as if there was
a good opening for some good nursery
men, although we have some very
good nurseries in the valley. Wheat
fields, when allowed to lay over, al
ways volunteer, producing a second
crop from one sowing. When it does,
it is harvested and often yields (torn
fifteen to forty bushels on rood land.
The fart is, wheat prmv like weeds.
so that oats sowed on wheat land
always have considerable wheat in it
when threshed. Hogs are used a good
deal to pick up waste in grain fields,
and are, as a rule, good stock, plenty
nnd cheap. Game and fish are abun
dant. Most of the cattle and stock
make their own living during winter;
men who feed usually have to do so
from two to eight weeks. The market
here is not as good as desirable but is
improving, and will be undoubtedly
better at no distant day.
tt present our grain is sent from
Walla Walla on a narrow giiaee rail
road to Wallula, a distance of thirty
two miles, at a cost of $5 to $6 a ton;
from there it is shipped down the Col
umbia river to Portland, I distance ol
about 275 miles, at a further cost of $6
ton; trom there it w loaded into
barges for Astoria or light-draught
vessels, and the greater part is taken to
San Francisco and marketed, while the
rest is sent directly to the markets
abroad through Astoria. Several pro
jects are on foot with a view to better
the market facilities, all of which are
plain indications that the intrinsic value
of the country is sure to force a market
sooner or later. Those who come be
fore all these improvements will be
here to reap the benefits when they are
made. This is n live country and im
proving rapidly. A good deal of pro
duce such as, fruit, vegetables, etc., are
either hauled or packed into the min
ing regions and sold. 1' ield crops are
not irrigated except in some cases when
grain is sown on some of the light land
mentioned before, and some irrigate
gardens. Regular schools exist nil
over the country. The people appear
wide awake on the subject of educa
tion. There is very little foundation
for fear from Indians. We have very
good mail facilities.
IS THi: PRESS DOING ITS DUTY i
ESditoM Whst Shorb,
DEAR 8lR : It would be interesting
to know in what light certain kinds ol
advertisements are regarded by those
who have the editing and supervision
of religious newspapers. There are at
least two classes of advertisements, com
mon in denominational organs, that to
your correspondent seem to savor
strongly of sin, viz : Those that promise
immense remuneration from a pleasant
employment, requiring little or no capi
tal; and those that promise the speedv
and permanent cure of the most mortal
maladies at little or no expense. How
rich in promise are those to the poor
and the suffering, whose intense desire
for wealth and health impairs the judg
ment and paves the way for plausible
deception! But do the publishers of
such advertisements pretend to be the
educators and guardians of public mor
ality? If so, "'tis j)itiful( 'tis passing
nitiful." that ihev arc either so nro.
foundly engrossed in the spiritual weal
of mau as to be innocent of the snares
! ,lcy themselves set for hi
hiV W3lv v IT
willjnplv assist in defrauding him.
u2 AQO a ycirIi u$7-0 can w
carncd by any one in three month
$, nutfit'frce!" What a palpable per
version ol truth! What an obvious
outrage on common credulity! HpW
pernicious m a periodical ol niou
pretensions! But this class is not the
worst, for it trifles only with the monc
tary miseries of its victims. But what
shall we say of those that toy with the
hopes nnd cruelly mock the expecta
tions of the afflicted?
"Cancer cured!" "Panacea pellets!"
"Consumption conquered !" "Thou
sand of cues cured! All this for the
sake of a "stamp" and "suffering hu-
manily!" What glorious gleams of
comfort those philanthropic words cast
upon the weary soul of the wan con
sumptive, receiving as they do the quasi
indorsement of her church paper, that
surely would not deceive her. How
eagerly she complies with the easy
requirements! How high her hopes
run until the time for a reply comes
round! But what words can express
or pen portray the agony of her disap
pointments, the bitter anguish of her
despair, and the utter helplessness of
her deep depression? And this at the
hand ot a trusted adviser! And yet
every week we find mingled with
homilies on Brotherly T.ovr " nnd
"Christian Consistency" those decoys
of impostors and quacks. It seems like
icnnang their subscribers .it the shrine
ol "filthy lucre." Perhaps it is not so.
If it is not, will one of those papers
please to dissipate the gloom of guilt
that apparently enshrouds the subject?
1 ours respectfully! Gov.
Vancouvih, W, Tm
March, 1S7S. J
PIONEER,
Jennie Cieek is a stream rising in the
Cascade chain, between Rogue liver
valley and the Klamath basin, nnd
llowingdown through Immense forests,
green meadows, and occasionally deep
unions, nnt m a westerly ami then in
a southerly direction to 'the Klamath
river near the State line. Its length
Is perhaps forty miles and the basin
which it drains is an extensive forest
laud, sandwiched in between the Cas
cades on the cast and the Siskiyou,
ridge on the north and west. Among
the forests are numerous iilades. some
of them affording considerable meadow
grass, and all suited to summer graz
ing. Some of these glades have been
used, for several years past, as summer
range for sheep. Wild beasts arc num
erous, however, and the closest atten
tion is necessary to prevent (he wolves,
bears and panthers from living at the
expense of sheen owners. Mr. Pervcs,
the pioneer settler of the Jennie creek
highlands, lives near the point where
the Llnkvllle stage line crosses the
creek, and the new saw mill of Pervcs
& Stearns is also located in the near
vicinity. This point is about 24 miles
from Ashland and probably II miles
north of the Klamath river, ami seems
to possess advantages calculated to
make it the principal business point
in the highlands. The citizens have
asked for the establishment of a post
offioe at this point, to be called
" Pioneer;" a name doubly appropriate
on account of its being on the route, lo
cated with no little difficulty through
the Siskiyou and Cascade mountains
by the exploring party of fifteen
pioneers in 1N46, and because it is the
place where the Hrst permanent settle
ment was made in the enuie Creek
basin. John Lacy resides on Corral
creek, aoout two miles west of Pioneer
on the Stage road and perhaps three
miles from his place in a southwesterly
direction is the new saw mill of Ham
mond, Willits h Co., now near com
pletlon This mill is located on Kecne
creek, a tributary of Jennie creek, ris
ing in the Siskiyou ridge, and is in the
midst of as line forests of pine, fir and
cedar BS can be found in our forest
State. A few miles south of Pioneer
is the Fall Creek settlement, near the
Jennie Creek canyon, where stock-rais
ing ami tanning have been made a otic
cess, and where there is room for a few
more settlers. We understand that a
good practicable road leads from this
settlement to Pioneer, and that the
Fall Creekers are anxiously waiting
the establishment of the office. Might
miles east of Pioneer, Win. (. Parker,
one of the fifteen road hunters of 1846,
keeps a public house and road station,
and three miles farther east, at the
Cold Springs, is Charley Adams' For
est House; not now " running" but to
be opened for the accommodation of
travellers in the spring. Few places
in our mountains afford finer opportu
nities for sporting than the Jennie
Creek country, and it is fast getting to
be a grand summer resort for hunters,
fishers and rusticator. Near Mr. Per
vcs' place arc several soda or chaly
beate springs, which will, doubtless,
some day Attract considerable attention.
Considering its luinlnrring, pastoral and
sporting advantages, and the healthful
Mea of its climate, (he Jennie Creek
country will undoubtedly contain quite
a little population, ' t- many years,
and be extensively visited by pleasure
seekers during the summer months.
Tidings.